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Feom JANUARY to JUNE, 1823. 
VOLUME xcin. 







detail of the accbunti, and more particularh' to folW die ^fficiid 
r^K>rt of Qur coloniaJ and minpr export^.— Under the heaA of Com 
HERCB, die main (abject &r abserrstion ii, that the amount i^ our u>d< 
nage ybtj nearly corresponds with the highest amount during the war; 
or, in other words, that its diminution, in consequenco of the resump- 
tion of trade by the Continental Nation^, answers in no degree to the 
general wprehension, which, not only our merchtuits, but iUmost every 
one who has reflected upon this subject, very reasonably entertained.— 
Our Liverpool Correepondent infonns us, as a proof of tlie increasing 
prosperity of that " Western Capital," that the amount of last year's 
Dock Rates, audited to the 25th of June, " had exceeded that of any 
preceding one, the tpnnage of vessels having produced 61,423/. I2j. 4rf,; 
and the dues on Merchandise 62,945/. 16^, Id., forming a total of 
194,369/. Si. Sd. In 1818—19, which was the previous most produc- 
tive year, the amount was in round numbers 118,000/. and in 182l-~S9, 
liO,000l."—^\ir Ihterior Trade is equally gratifying to every pa- 
triotic feeling. One of the greatest criterions of the prosperity of tbts 
branch of our general deaKng is the astonishing and unforeseen facility 
widi which ca^ pajrments Inive been resumed, and the prosperous and 
■ecvre condition of almeat all our Banks in town and country. Ano- 
Aet criterion is in the vast increase of vessels employed in the coastinr 
ficade. A ttiird proof is in the prosperity of our Canals, and the bJ^ 
T snares. A fourth is, in the activity of building. A fifUi 
doymrat of all labouring hands ia Manchester, Shef- 


• if 


gratulaltan ; tbougli Our limit* will not permit u* to c» dirongii tb* 
detail of the accounti, and more particulartr to folHjn die offidal 
report of pur coltmial and minor export*. — Under tlie head of Coiti 
MERCB, die main (object tot observatian if, that the amount qf our ton- 
nage very nearly corresponds with the higheet amount during the war; 
or, in other words, that its diminution, in consequence of the resump- 
don of trade by the Condnentat Nation^, answers in no degree to the 
general ^prehension, which, not oniy our merchuits, but ^mopt evety 
one who has reflected upon this subject, very reasonably entertained.— 
Our Liverpool Correspondent infornu us, as a proof of the increasing 
prosperity of that " Western Capital," that the amount of last year's 
Dock Rates, audited to the 35th of June, " had exceeded that of any 
preceding one. the tpnnage of vessels having produced 61,4222. lis. 4<i.; 
and the duev on Merchandise 63,945/. 16^. Id., forming a total of 
124,3€8l. St. 5d. In 1818 — 19, which was the previous most prodnc- 
dve year, the amount waa in round numbers 118,00(y. and tn 1831—22, 
110,000/." — Our Interior Trade is equally m^dfying to every pa- 
triodc feeling. One of the greatest criterions of the prosperity of ujs 
branch of our general dealing is the astonishing and unforeseen fitdltty 
with which cub payments have been resumed, and the prosperous and 
secure condidon ttf almost all our Bankg in town and country. Ano- 
ther criterion is in the *ast increase of vessels employed in the coasdng 
trade. A third proof is in the prosperity of our Canals, and the bi^ 
prices of their shares. A fourth is, in the activity of building. A fifth 
u, in the full employment of all labouring hands in Manchester, Shef- 
field, Leeds, Binningham, &c 




JANUARY, 1823. 



Mr. Urban^ Jan, 1. 

YOUR Magazine having been dis:> 
tinguished for a long series of 
years, in a very pre-eminenl degree, 
for ihe attention paid by its conductors 
to carious points of literature, I beg 
leave to bring to jpublic notice, an ar- 
ticle of that nature, through its chan- 
nel, concerning Bishop Warburton. 
In Uie celebrated controversy which 
took place between this most powerful 
and orimnal Thinker, and Dr. Lowth, 
it b weU known, that Mr. Archdeacon 
Towne took a zealous part. In 1766 
he published his ''Remarks on Dr. 
Lowth's Letter to the Bishop of Glou* 
cester, with the Bishop's Appendix on 
the book of Job.'* Annexed to this 
letter, is a correspondence between the 
Bishop and Dr. Lowth (the whole 
pamphlet, in truth, having been got 
up under the guidance and revision of 
his Lordship), in which, amidst many 
other discourtesies, which I am sorry 
to say were bandied between the 
Reverend correspondents with the 
most unbecoming freedom; the Bishop 
makes the following declaration ; — 
" I have neither read, nor seen, nor I 
believe ever shall, your printed letter 
to me; not out of contempt of you, 
but respect to my sel f. * * See A ppend ix 
to the Remarks, page 4. Now, Mr. 
Urban, in turning to the very interest- 
ing body of letters, left for publication 
by Bishop Hurd, I find Bishop War- 
burton, in iMige 369 of that volume 
(8vo edit.), tnus addressing his faithful 
fHend, and thick and thin devotee, the 
immortal author of the Essay on the 
Delicacy of Friendship : " All you say 
about Lowth*s pamphlet breathes the 
truest spirit of friendship. His wit 
and his reasoning, God knows, and I 
also (as a certain critic said once in a 

matter of the like great importance,) 
are much below the Qualities that do 
sen'e those names, but the stranmt 
thine of all is this man*s boldness, ore. 
&c.* p. 369. And then he proceeds 
with some other remarks, blurted forth, 
as usual, with a most fiery spirit, and 
in a tone of high contempt, but which 
plainly prove that the declaration made 
above to Lowth was unfoanded in 
fact ; that his curiosity or his fears 
were more than a match for his pre- 
tended scorn, and that he had potitively 
read, with no small degree of inward 
vexation and resentment, the *' printed 
letter,'* which he made pretence to 
tell the author was unread and utterly 
disregarded by him. In order to 
clinch the matter, and fasten unerring- 
ly this charge of misstatement 011 War- 
burton, it is important to add, that 
the date of this letter to Hurd is Nov, 
14, 1765, and the date of that to 
Lowth, from which the former quota- 
tion is made, is Nov. 21, 1765, so that 
no Warburtonian (if the breed be not 
now quite gone by) can say, that his 
great master had not perused Lowth's 
famous pamphlet when he sent him 
the scornful disavowal, but that he 
afterwards had read it, when he fa- 
voured Hurd with this bitter critique 
upon it. The publication of this de- 
tection will, I flatter myself, be inter- 
esting to many of your readers, though 
it should deduct something from the 
character which Warburton univer- 
sally has gained, of downright, inge- 
nuous, and fearless dealing with his 
numerous adversaries in that boundless 
sea ofpolemics upon which he launched. 
I am surprised it should have es- 
caped the acute and multifarious inves- 
tigations of Mr. D*Ii>raeli, who, in the 
Warhurtonian Chapters of that mosj 



Ateount of the New Chapel at Stepney. 

which prevailed at various periods 
when the style flourished in perfection. 
The judicious and discerning Anti- 
quary, Dr. Milner, has remarked, * 
"that there are three orders of the 
Pointed style, as distinct from each 
other as are the orders of Grecian 
Architecture, having their respective 
members, ornaments, and proportions;'* 
it must follow then, that if an Archi- 
tect who builds in this style, confounds 
together two or all of these orders, his 
production would be as ridiculously in- 
correct, as if he had mounted a Doric 
entablature upon Composite columns, 
in an edifice professedly Grecian. 
Such a blunder would draw upon him 
the ridicule of the whole profession, 
and yet, in the generality of ** modern 
Gothic*' buildings of the Wyatt school, 
which are praised, and that highly, 
we see associations not less absurd or 
incorrect, set up as rivals of our ancient 
national architecture. Another blun- 
der, and a favourite one of modern 
architects is, their attempting to give 
.to a building for parochial purposes, 
the air of a Cathedral or Monastic 
Church. However they may embel- 
lish their work, without the accompa- 
niment of nave, transepts, and minor 
chapels, it will rather resemble the 
ruin of the edifice they aim at repre- 
senting, than the edifice itself. In the 
building I have named, these faults 
are, in a great measure, avoided. The 
third order (according to Dr. Milner's 
arrangement), which flourished in the 
l6th centur}', has been adopted by the 
Architect, who has borne in mind with 
great attention, its characteristic fea- 
ture, the obtusely pointed arch ; and in 
the simplicity of his building, has 
shewn tnat he never forgot he was 
erecting a Parochial Chapel. 

The plan is a nave, with side aisles 
and a small chancel, without tower or 
steeple. The West elevation is made 
by octangular buttresses into three 
principal divisions. The central con- 
tains the principal entrance and the 
great west window, and is terminated 
with a. plain pedimental coping. The 
buttresses have loopholes at intervals, 
and rise above the church ; the upper 
divisions are ornamented on each face 
with a quatrefoil pannel enclosing a 
shield, and an upright compartment 
with arched heacf above it ; they are 

* Preface to his Treatise on English Ar- 
chitecture, p»g« vii. 

surmounted by embattled cornices, and 
termiuate in plain spires, in a style 
much too early to agree with the rest 
of the building. Cupolas, as at King's 
College, and Henry the Seventh's 
Chapel, would have been the correct 
finish, and would have possessed this 
advantage, that one might have an- 
swered the purpose of a bell turret^ 
which the Chapel at present wants. 
The arch of the entrance is enriched 
with mouldings, and surmounted by a 
square-headed architrave, resting upon 
two neat columns with octangular 
bases and capitals; in the spandrils are 
shields in quatrefoils; the whole is 
surrounded by enriched pannelling, 
and enclosed within another architrave 
of a square form, resting upon two 
similar pillars, and bounded by a 
sweeping cornice. The window above 
has SIX mullions, divided by a transom 
enriched with a string ot embatded 
moulding, as in the windows of Henry 
the Seventh's Chapel. The arch is 
occupied by tracery, consisting of two 
sub-arches and upright trefoil-headed 
divisions, and the whole is bounded by 
a sweeping cornice. Above this win- 
dow, the Architect has introduced the 
cross as a loophole, instead of elevating 
this sacred emblem on the apex of the 
pediment ; a fault common with mo« 
dern architects, who imagine it is pro- 
bably less offensive to weak understand- 
ings in this new situation, than it 
would be in the proper and jnost con- 
spicuous place. Tne angles of the 
lateral divisions are flanked with open 
buttresses ending in crocketted pinna- 
cles. In each division are entrances 
smaller than the centre, and not so 
highly enriched ; their arches are en- 
closed in highly enriched architraves 
resting upon a pillar on each side, and 
bounded with pointed sweeping cor- 
nices. Above tnem are large hexago- 
nal niches, the pedestals arc ornamented 
with upright compartments, and rest 
upon corbels. The canopies are made 
by three cinquefoil arches with crock- 
etted pediments, and finials, and two 
pinnacles. At the back of the niches, 
upright torus's in the angles support 
the interior ground-work of the cano- 
pies. The parapets are pierced with 
open quatrefoils, copied from the mo- 
dern fantastic finish to the clerestory of 
Henry the Seventh's Chapel. With 
the exception of this senseless intro- 
duction, and the spires, there is much 
to admire in the West front. The 



Stepney ChapeL'^Norih^wat Expedition, 

it usually is by the sectarian mode of 
fitting up churches in the present day, 
by placing a large pulpit and ponder- 
oos sounding board exactly before it. 
The altar-screen, however, is so very 
inferior, that I cannot believe it was 
designed by the Architect of the church, 
and in the present case, the uninter- 
rupted Tiew of it only serves to expose 
the poverty and meanness of its appear- 
SDce. The whole of the lasl described 
particulars are executed in carved oak, 
with the exception of some of the 
smaller ornaments, which appear to be 
cast in composition. 

The smaR entrances to the vestries 
and galleries evince the great atten- 
tion which has been paid to the fea- 
tures of the style in the most minute 
parts. Each doorway has a square- 
neaded architrave and sweeping cor- 
nice. The spandrils con tarn trefoil 

Upon the whole, this building, 
thovgh not faultless, does great credit 
to the genius of its Architect, whose 
lamented death has deprived the pro- 
fession of one who would have bee(^ 
an honour to it. The subscribers, 
who, sensible of the great want of 
church-room in this neighbourhood, 
voluntarily stepped forward and erected 
the present edifice, without the least 
assistcmce from the parliamentary fund, 
have raised a monument, I trust, to 
future ages of their piety and benevo- 
lence, and have set an example to the 
rich and wealthy in all populous parts 
of the kingdom, which I hope will 
be readily followed. 

The first stone was laid on the 17th 
of June 1818, * by his Royal Highness 
the Duke of York, and in the course 
of the year 1820, the building, with a 
a few exceptions, was completed, and 
in Oct. 1821, the architect, Mr. Wal- 
ters, died, f For a period of two years 
and upwards it has remained unconse- 
cratea. Sabbaths passed over, and no 
congregation assembled to join in the 
public worship of the National Church ; 
Its windows were broken by idle boys, 
and its walls made the repository of 
inflammatory inscriptions, evidently 
levelled by some ignorant Fanatic at 
the style of which it forms so beautiful 
a specimen. Of the occasion of this 
loug delay in the dedication I am igno- 
rant but in common with every well- 
wisher of our establishment, I cannot 

* See our vol. lxxxviii, pt. ii. p. 79. 
t See our vol. xci, pt. ii. p. 374. 

help lamenting that any paltry consi- 
derations of individual interest, should 
be allowed to retard the pious endea- 
vours of such who wish to add to her 
strength. What, Mr. Urban, would 
have been your feelings, and those of 
your readers, if the writer of this article 
had been compelled to record, that this 
interesting edifice, in opposition to the 
intentions of its founders, had been 
turned into a Dissenting Conventicle. 
Yours, &c. £. I. C. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 20. 

THE effects of the weather calling 
forth the feelings of our common 
nature, our ideas convey us to those 
inhospitable regions where frost and 
snow are continual ; and as islanders 
and lovers of scientific knowledge, we 
trace on the map those northern re- 
gions where our orave countrymen arc 
exploring a passage into the Atlantic. 
Perhaps M'Kenzie's Map is the best 
extant, that has become general to the 

Sufferings more than even the per- 
severance of our nautical countrymen 
can bear, may have been the effect of 
the last expedition in which Captain 
Parry and nis brave associates are at- 
tempting a North-west Passage. Seve- 
ral ideas have been presented, to for- 
ward relief and assistance to them, 
through the settlements belonging to 
the North-west Company, Hudson*s 
Bay, &c. ; and some kind of inves- 
tigation might be made by our Da- 
vis's Straits ships, if they go earlier 
than usual, to seek for information 
within the limits of their fishing 
grounds. Another plan, of some 
importance, I beg to suggest, trusting 
it will meet the eye of those who 
can promote it. It is, to dispatch 
several vessels round Cape Horn, to 
proceed to Behrin^s Straits, and as far 
North-east as possible. Too much can- 
not be done to relieve the efforts of 
those who at the best must undergo 
privations and suffer hardships which 
the ingenuity of man can neither pre- 
vent or relieve. The vessels I propose 
in the present instance to send out 
with this object primarily in view, 
may have another, namely, *' to range 
down" the coast of America, and look 
into the different ports from Panama 
to Valparaiso. Perhaps the events now 
so interesting in those countries may 
afford the British cruizers the happi- 
ness of rclie\ in;; some of our country- 
men who rccjuire protection, and we 


1623»] Curious Altat'-piece described, 9 

Mr. Urbav, Jan. 1. exceedingly vain of their degrees. 

THE accompanying Engraving (see There is nothing in the tapestry, of 

the FrorUtspiece) is a copy of an vv^hich coincident patterns may not be 

antientpainting,finely executed, which found in the 13th, l4th, and 15th cen- 

there is good reason to believe was an turies. 

Altar-piece belonging to the Abbey of Over the altar is a painting repre- 

St Mary de Pratis at Leicester. It senting the Castle of Emmaus, with 

came out of the old Castle at Leicester Mary meeting Christ in a traveller's 

into th? possession of the late Rev.- dress. As the Abbey de Pratis was 

Rogers Ruding, and is now the pro- moved from- the Castle of Leicester, 

perty of Mr. Wichols. this picture may allude to the removal, 

Tne design is evidently an Oratory and the Castle be that of Leicester. . . 
of the Virgin Marvi under which re- But the most curious circumstance 

presentation some living lady, as was in the whole painting is the represen- 

osual *, was pourtrayed. tation it affords of tne old monastic 

It is well known that foreign artists Clock, with the bell and weights ; 

used to visit' this country in search- of thus proving, notwithstanding Professor 

employment. The Monk is probably Beckman*, that clocks with weights 

bey of Leicester, seen m the distancei tershire, I perceivi 
through the door of the Oratory, con- St. Mary de Pratis was founded by tlo- 
firms this supposition. As to the bert Bo^st^, Earl of Leicester (so named 
form of the afch, and other denota^ from his crooked make), into which 
tk)n8, founded upon the architecture, house he became a canon regular pro- 
Mr. Haggit proves t, that in paint- fessed by the space of 15 years, that he 
ings the artists used the most unlimit- might expiate his former treasons. 
ed licence. The painting was pro- Now, I think 1 can perceive that the 
bably the benefaction of the lady who- infant Jesus (un-nimbused) is in the 
is represented, aiid who by her sitting painting very deformed about the legs, 
under an estate, was a person of very A query therefore arises,' — was this 
elevated rank. . In Strutt*s Dresses want of skill in the Painter, or did he 
(PI. Lxiv.) is a very fine representa- intend by this deformity to personify 
tion of the Virgin Mother, caressing the Founder of the Abbey, sitting in 
the vnfant Jesus, with a nimbus round the lap of his mother, who prompted 
her head, which, from the present lady perhaps and urged him to the founda- 
being without doubt a living mortal, tion? The rest of the Painting, in re- 
was properly omitted. The only par- gard to the other figures, drapery, per- 
ticularly observable coincidence is the spective, &c. is very fair as to drawing, 
long flowing hair in both the figures, especially for the age ; and therefore 
The costume of the lady is more like there is justifiable room to infer that 
that of the I2th or 13th centuries (the the infant Christ was so depicted, in 
period at which the Abbey of Leices- order to personify the Founder. Jt is 
ler was founded) than any other ; yet certain, that at this period women had 
the painting may not be of so early a portraits of their lovers, under the re- 
date. The lady is in deep mourning; presentation of Christ, or some Saintf. 
and could we peruse any antient Lives Yours &c. S. Y. E. 
of the Abbots, very probably we should ^ ' *. 
obtain an elucidation of the transaction, ^ 
and full particulars. The costume of ^^^* Urban, Jan. 2, 
the Abbot does not appear to have \ SPIRIT of inquiry, when pro- 
been so much suited to his monastic l\. perly directed, and confined to 
profession, as to that of graduation ; for legitimate objects, is, without doubt, 
nis sleeves seem very much like tliose very conducive to the increase of hu- 
of the full dress of a Doctor ; and the man learning; but such a spirit, when 
Monks of all ranks were, we know, allowed to revel unconfincd, rather 
tends to shake the foundations of 

* Petrarch's Laura was painted at Sienna 

as a Modonna (Memoir, i. 402) ; and lovers * Inventions, I. 444. 

had their mistresses frequently so drawn. f See Fosbroke's British Monachism, 

•f* Letters on Gothic Architecture. new edit. 4to, p. 482. 

Gent. Mag. Janwan/, 1823. knowledge 


llAi.1 ry^jrfChrki ol the Omifitkft. 11 

)t iMfiE94 VH. tcveii wcd» or 4§ text, tlirecteora and two weeks)/ «• 
jmn^woAmmmka or 434yean^ ano wholly cimHtcdraM that thereby Ifafe 
ifie e opad y ienl iy leolaiiiiii^ ooe wed^ teitse and letter of the piophccy are 
m Kvett yetoi; tiie whole comnietie- made to bead lo Mr. Beitamy't rareed 
n9**fioaitliegoii^fiNthoftheoDiii- and errooeocn ttooatnictioii. Is thla 
MwlmaEit to rsitote and rebuild Je- then his manner of prof ine that the 
nmlkm/* With r^atd to the first world was in ignorance until ne arose*. 
dhMm, the seven weeks^ diat is nsn* Is this his isEode of appealing to Uie 
tiltf c msiH efed as the tkne which was present translation of tiie Scnptoitrf 
oeeopied in rebnjMine Jernsafenij^and How faithfully he has transcribe their 
p sr fectiMg the Jewish eonstitntion $ Tcry words^ and how honestly he has 
iAbt tib» expiratkNi of this term, 6f preserved their parity ! 
wedES weve to elapse before the ap- He next proceeds opon ^ basb of 
pearaooe of llie Messiah ; and after this palpable error, to assign a plaoe 
these 69 weeks, and as appears from for tne seven weeks whicn he had theniidstof tbie last week thus dispossessed from their original 
(that is IB three years and a half after station. *'It follows/' he says, <^that 
the coDclosion of the do weeks) the the second division of the 70 weeka, 
Mcapiah was to be cot off. This then 7 weeks or 49 years, was to commence 
appenn plain, that after (49 years and when Messiah made his advent, at the 
484 years. Le.) 483 years from the expiration of the 62 weeks, or 434 
gaing fortn of the commandment, the years." Thus, then, in the space of a 
llMaih was lo appear, and at the ex* "fow short sentences, has Mr. BeRanqr 
aixatioD of three years and a half from altered the whole meaning of the pm- 
nia appearance was to be cut off. In phecr, and by a stratagem more wor- 
^m manner it has been osoal to con- thy the hero of a' pantomime, than the 
«der ^at the prophecy has been fol- grave expounder of a passage of Seri^ 
tiled $ but Mr. Bellamy, in opposition ture, rendered it subservient to the Opi- 
lo the plain readii^ of the original, nion which he proceeds more full;|r to 
wishes to displace me diimiions of the detail. The fabrick which 'he raises 
70 wed», and endeavours in this first upon this di^nted foundation, h evi- 
praposition to shew, that the 69 weeks, dently the work of the^seme architect^ 
which in the original are so evidently the cause is carried on by proofs as 
and distinctly placed after the seven convincing and as candid as the artifice 
weeks, should oe transposed and reck- by which, in its outset, it is supported ; 
oned before them. It would naturally and although we may feel but little 
be supposed that some shew of argu- doubt as to its issue, let us proceed to 
ment snould be produced in support of examine the other evidence he adduces. 
this transposition, and that a change His third point is to make a date for 
so important would not be adopted the commandment to restore and re- 
without grave and serious reasons ; but build Jerusalem, which he does thus. 
Mr. B. seems to consider such trouble The Jews returned from the Baby- 
wholly unnecessary, and at once ef- lonish captivity, A. C. 536, in the 6rst 
fects It as it were by slight of hand, year of the reign of Cyrus, who govern- 
He performs the trick thus — ** Agree- ed altogether 28 years. Ahasuerus, his 
ably to the positive declaration ^the successor, reigned seven years; Darius, 
prophecy f the advent of the Messiah who succeeded him, 36 ; and that his 
was to take place 434 years from that successor Artaxerxes reigned 31 years, 
time, when the commandment went we have authority in Scripture. Mr. 
forth to restore and rebuild Jerusa- B. adds all these several reigns toge- 
lem ; Know therefore, and understand, ther, and their sum, 1 02, being deduct- 
that from the going forth of the com- ed from A. C. 536, the time of the re- 
mandment to restore and to build Je- turn of the Jews, there remain 434 
rusalem, unto the Messiah, the Prince, A.C. ; which answering to the length 
shall be sixty and two weeks.'*-— So of the 62 weeks, he therefore concludes 
for Mr. Bellamy ; now it will be evi- *« was the commencement of the inter- 
dent, upon reference to the prophecy val when the commandment went forth 
as it stands in the Old Testament, and to rebuild the city and the wall of Je- 
as previously stated, that the words rusalem ; and the end of that period, 
" seven weeks and,'* which oueht to the time decreed when Christ was to 
have been inserted immediately before 

siz^ and two weeks (or as it is in the * Vide the pamphlet, p. 4. 


jywhjnfc iy t 1 .; of Ite mwtappoMr tint had Jm btoi botJO 

mipoCSiba »«Ma»^niaiH . jean -or a^e, a nMnark of this kini 

MrqflJMliai M v«tf Saviour, tha would have beeo abatinLV Wheavni 

finmliat Od^^Mauiiea : *'Aiid Jeans consider the oocaskm of thb lemaik 
jmatff hcgiPU^ to bo about 30 years of (vide John viii. 67)» when we bear m 

Igp.** Now if Jesus was al)pot 30 mind that it was most probably mado 

jftf^ of age, in ih^ 16th year of Tibe^ by persons who had no other meant of 

diis» how could he be 534 at hiit crjo- judgin(| of the age of our Saviour tlnna 

ci&iion, which took place in the 18^ from his persond appearance, and that 

Cr oi that Pfince's reign i Mr. Bel* the life of misery and anxiety whieli 

y e^I^ains it thus, w heu Augus- the Son of Man led whilst upon eaitb, 

tp ms advanced in years, and found haviiw sddom '' where to lay hia 

hiinaelf incapable of taking so active a head,'' would naturally make a groat 

psit in. the jidministration of public impression upon hb mortal frame, ami 

dfiuff a# he had formerly done, lie as- inouce a premature appearance of age $ 
ayaa^ Tiberius within the govern- . -—when we consider also, that the m 

mafL oi the empjire ; and Mr. Bellamy of 50 is here introduced compaiativ^, 

eomeniia.that; tne 15th year here men* and as between two periods of time, at 

mii^t, ha» reference' to = jtbis joint do^ an immense dutance from one anotheri 

auiupii, and not to the rejgn. of Tibe* and again, that it was not necessary fiir 

iSa^ at . usn^ly reckoned from the the Jews to be particular as lo the ago 

tijne when he b^K^ame.soSe Emperor, of' our Saviour (which u here intio* 

Ii^ support of this argument; he pro- duced on1yl>y way of argument), but 

duces authorities irom several- antient merely to mention a time sufficwmly 

a^ftbqia, all of whom mention the wellr far beymid his real age to prevent the 

kooifn fact of the admtssian of Tibe- possibUity of contradiction | I si^^ 

nps to the ^vernment; but there is that when we consider all these things 

AD,o^ca8imi t^ have reoMirse lo themj it is not too much lo conckide, that no 

ipe .absolute impoaBibili^ of this supr argument .ought or can be dedoead 

notition can be dearly Remonstrated from this remark which can at all afi^ 

ma another source. pOntius Pilate feet the matter in question. ■: ' • * 

aF^roouraipf;of Judea, ior iO y^rs, . ..Eighth. The condodit^ authority 
was put out. a short time previous which Mr. Bellamy produces in &voaf 
to the death of Tiberius, that Eoiperor of his proposition, is Irenaeus, who it 
hiving died before Pilate could arrive seems has declared *' that Christ was 
at Rome, to answer some charges about 50 years old at his crucifixion.'' 
which had been preferred against him Irenaeus was a disciple of Pblycarp, 
for mal-administration. (Joseph. An- who was a disciple of St. John; he 
tiq. 1. 18, c. 4. sec. 2.) Tiberius reign- therefore had only the authoiity of 
ed S2 years sole Emperor, and as Pitate hearsay for what he states : and when 
was appointed about 10 years before the unavoidable inaccuracies which 
his death, the appointment must have are engendered by that mode of com- 
taken place in the 12th year of his munication are coupled with the 
reign. Now Scripture gives evidence looseness and want of exactness which 
(Lukeiii. 1.) that the commencement are observable in most of the antient 
of the preaching of John the Baptist, writers ; — when we remember also 
and this 15th year of Tiberius, when that the primitive Christiaiis knew so 
St. Luke declares that Jesus began to be little of tne true time of the birth of 
about 30 years of age, happened when Christ, of his baptism, and of his 
" Pontius Pilate was Governor of Ju- death, that they were generally mis- 
dea;** which renders it very clear that taken several years in every one of 
Mr. Bellamy's argument is incorrect ; those particulars, little notice I think 
since the 15th year of the sole reign of ought to be taken of this casual remark, 
Tiberius is the only one that can be especially if it be found to be in con- 
referred to, as having taken place dur- tradiction (as I shall shortly prove it 
ing the government of Pontius Pilate, is) to the more weighty authorities up- 
Seventh. From all the above areu- on the question. But I will put it upon 
ments Mr. Bellamy concludes, that a higher ground, and ask whether Ire- 
when Christ was crucified he was neus, who declares what his master 
68i years old; and says, "this is cor- may have related that the Apostle said, 
robocated by the Jews, who said, is to be believed in preference to the 
'Thoo art not yet ao years old;' for it written testimony of those Apostles 

themselves i 


u to 

ilili te ^iii no 1 

orwhik)|^pi ^. 

Mb are nol to be denMscd, Some 
WfHOM tfaeL bf mcBBs of priced cet»» 
kMee, pnblie book sales, and otber 
m^ Mk books of air^ vahie are now 
Mwdl kn^wD fbbe Mnind in obscore 
flOliMffi* I^cofit»andooiildjgi¥e.rea- 
lene Ibr my di88«M, were it wotdi 
wbUeu Bat granting it to be true» 
with icspeet to the geoeraK^ of books 
ioanift bjr ennoQi GoQectofSy bow tosoij 
eeimHi or nsefol books are there, whicn 
M oilliiBetdt has yet cried op, no Pat- 
tetsQii catalogQed, no Sothebjor Bvans 
jflfttfcked down? 

Bnt a trtace to this for the pfesent 
I ^mUi now to communicate to yoo a 
d isUwcij i , which I fancy I have made, 
wlpecdnga bocds lately obtained from 
atlalL The bodk is neither antient, 
eihr perhaps vmr scarce, but it contains 
a oottcetioii oT poems of more than 
epmitton merit, to which no author's 
liflne it anneaced. I think I hare dis- 
Cbfowi the anthor, and he deserves to 
be fluide known. The ▼okinie is a 
i no de ci mo, publidied in 1707, and 
entitled ** BagateUes, or Pbetical Tri- 
6e$.*» Hiia is the half^itle. The fuH 
Utle is as foUows: ''Bagatelles. In 
this collection is reprinted the frag- 
ment ; or AUen and Ella, which (un- 
known to the author) appeared some 
years since under the title of Collin 
(sic) and Lucy*. To which is sub- 
jmiMd, a Journey to and Description 
of the Paraclete, near the city of 
Troyes in Champagne, where Abelard 
add Eloisa were buried.— ^unc versus 
el cetera ludicra pono. Hor. All by 
the same hand. London : printed for 
Walkingame, Dodsley, &c. &c." 

This collection was so far noticed 
on its publication, that both you, Mr. 
Urban, and the Annual Register of the 
same year, cited at full length a song, 
be^pnninj; " I said to my heart in the 
way of discourse.*' A very lively song 

* Wfaftt Collin and Lucy IS meant I know 
aoS. It cannot be Tickeirs beautiful bal- 
lad, which was pnUished many years before, 
and besides is little like Allen and Ella. It 
la o4d enough that Moore, the author of 
she .Gamester, has two poems exactly re- 
wiiitinjj^ " the Lover and the Friend," and 
tha aoog to his heart. Our author distinctly 
•liiiBMi odgiaality aa f^ the first. The lat- 

h i^ ahd Was iatdy lepriivied in* the 
Ans/towhidil sent it. Manyothet 
connioittions of a' simifav kind wt ht 
the book, and other poems of different 
kinds, hot all in a good style' of poetry; 
Among other things,- appears the FVo^ 
logue which fFooSwtard spoke at Co^ 
rent Garden, oil hn re-appeafance^ 
after having been four yean abe^t 
at Dublin. This Prologue,' in th^ 
Gentleman's Magazine of the th^ 
(l76dX end in some subseouent ool^ 
lections, is attributed to Woodwaiil 
himself, who was never known as A 
poet ; but here is claimed by the ano^ 
nynious author. Here also are found 
the two inscriptions lA Jonathaik 
T^ers's Gardens, on a male and female 
skull, beginning ** Why start» the ease 
is yours,^ &c. which I hare seen ebe^ 
where; you, perhaps, Mr. Urban, can 
tell me wlvsre. Also some stanxai 
left in a Temple at Ha^, «« I aO^A 
the living and the dead,^ Arc; Of 
the poems, I could send yon sevenit 
specimens, which would please botli 
you and your readers, and will here- 
after, if you desire it *. 

But, who was the 'author ? My eoiiu 
jecture is this: The Dedication f6 
''Peter Vallete, esq.*' is dated *«KingS;l 
ton-on-Thames, July 10; 1767.'' Fmiii 
this indication, I fix on the Vicar Of 
Kingston, of that time; who was th6 
Rev. George Wakefield, the father of 
the celebrated Gilbert Wakefield. He 
was presented to that living in I766, 
and held it to his death, in February 
1776. Gilbert, at the date of this 
book, was only eleven years of age, 
consequently was not likely to know 
any thing of his father's anonymous 
publication; nor does he appear to 
have known it afterwards. But he 
picked up the knowledge that his fa- 
ther had been poetical in his youth. 
For he says, in the first chapter of his 
own Life : 

" My father, in his youth, had- occa- 
sionally indulged his fancy in poetical effo- 
sions ; one or two specimens of which came 
into my hands. A translation of Pope's 
Eloisa into Latin hexameters, done by nim 
at Cambridge, I have heard Mr. Nerille, a 
£elIow of onr G>ll«ge, speak of with- appro- 
bation. This I never saw ; but I mil sub- 
join, for the amusement of the reader, with- 
out altering a single word, a translation of 
the fifbh Ode of the first Book of Horace^ 
which is not destitute of taste and spirit.*' 

* These we shall be glad to receive. — 
Edit. • • 


1895.] Baaaiiic Rocks near Catania. — Tvpholme Abbey, IT 

the voyage, or damaging the ship. Sail- Tupuolme Abbey, Lincolnshire. 

ore are many of tnem Tenr supersti- 
tious » and have a firm beliet ia its ef- 
ficacy, l^hey have also their lucky and 
11 u lucky days. Sunday is the most for- 
tunate : whatever voyage is begun on 
that day is sure to be prosperous. 
Friday is the most unfortunate, as a 
voyage begun then is sure to be an 
unfortunate one. 

If your Correspondent is accustom- 
ed to be amongst sailors od th^ water, 
he has most probably observed them 
h) calm weather whistling the wind. 

THE following account of one of 
the many rclip;ious establishments 
in Lincolnshire, not much known, is 
extracted from the** Adiiitions to Weir's 
History of norncastlc*.** 

"In the time of Henry the Second, an 
Abbey of Premonstratensian Canons, dedi- 
cated to the Virgin Mary, was founded here, 
by Allan de Nevill and Gilbert his brother, 
and endowed by them with their possessions 
in this place, together with estates in other 
parts of the county. This abbey also had 
numerous bene&ctions in lands and churches. 

IQl indboe it to blow — and many of f<^"^ other persons ; and the king gave a 

& believe it to be a very powerful ^^*^y '^ ^^^f* *^' *^'P* ™*«^' P"» ^- 

U . We smile at the poor Lap- *'f?«'* *^« Witham and Tupholme. Tliese 

hnder, who bags his wind, ready ti^ S»fts were confirmed to the Abbot and Ca- 

m _ m . ~" . i": _i /^ ^ nons, by charter, from Henry the Tlurd, 

Oft for him to use at his pleasure, in the twentieth year of his rei^n f. At the 

iiMbt our own people are almost as dissolution of monasteries, this Abbey con- 

^'^ ®°^ . 1 , . 1 . .1 *»»ned nine Religious: and in the thirtieth 
Some stable-keepers in this neigh- year of Henry the Eijrhth, the scite was 
bourhood hang up a flint stone, with granted to Sir Thomas Henneage. 
a natural hole through it, in the stable, «« Of the Abbey, a wall only is now remain- 
to prevent the Devil riding the horses ing, the upper part of which appears to have 
in the night, which they tell you he formed a side of the refectory or dining hall, 
will do if the stone does not hang (See the Plate.J It contains lancet windows, 
there. Geo. BayleY. *°^ * ^"™*1* gallery, in which the person sat 

A who read to the brethren during their meals : 

xMr. Urban, Queen-sguare.Jan.lQ. » P."cticc«vhicli wo. common in all m.mas- 

I^HERE are three rocks of basaltic J*"**' ri"""'/' '' '" ' **": 1 T^ 

1 • .1 • uu u J r beneath the refectory appears to have been 

c -.1 ^>'^4?uP*'" ^^^ neighbourhood of ^^^j^^ ^^^^ probably used as a cellar. 

Sicily. 1 he one represented m the an- Adjoining to the ruins is a farm-house, 

nexed tngravrng (see Plate JI.) is - - 
the largest, and is situated near(?atania. 
These rocks, which are mentioned by 
Pliny, might once have formed a part 
of the sides of TEtna, and have been 
separated from them by the sea j or 

which has been built out of part of the ma- 
terials. Tlie gate house, now gone, was 
standing when Dr. Stukelcy visited this place 
In 171(). A view .of it is engraved in the 
** Itincrarium Curiosum." 

** The manorial estate, comprising the 

mej naay have been thrown up out of ^hole parish, is the property of Robert 
As water by partial eruptions of that Vyner, Esquire, of Gautby, by an ancestor 
mainitain. These rocks appeared to ^^ "'^o"^ '^ ^'^ purchased m the early part 

'S^lanzaut, who examined them, to 
consist ^externally only of prismatic 
adhunns, that fall perpendicularly into 
Ae'sea, in some places one foot long, 
ia others two, and in others more ; 
litit cither parts are only full of irre- 
|rtilar fissures, which have divided 
tnem into pieces. Mr. Dolomieu 
found on the surface of these rocks, 
■iid even in the middle of their sub- 
stances, where are small pores and ca- 
vities, various and numerous Zeolites 
of great beauty. This ingenious na- 
turalist thinks, that these stones, after 
the congelation of tlie lavas, derived 
their origin from the waters which fil- 
trated ihrouirli theni, and held in solu- 
tion the particles ])ropcr for tlje pro- 
it Zeolites. Snaliayizafii's Tra- 

of the last century. 

** The Church has been long since de- 
molished. The benefice is a vicarage in the 
patrouage of the Bishop of Lincoln." 

Mr. Urban, 

Ja?i. lU 

dud ion ot Zeolites. »S7^ 
rc/Sf vol. I. 

ih.ST. Mag. Jatnwn/y 1 «2.1. 

W. II. 

1"^HE following account of the parish 
of Benton, co. Northumberland, 
may be interesting to your readers. 

It is situate in the East division of 
Castle Ward, about three miles and 
three quarters North-east from Ncw- 
casiIe-upon-Tyne, in the diocese of 
Durham, and archdeaconry of North- 
umberland. The Church, which is 
dedicated to Si. Hartholomew, is in 
tlic patronage of liJaliol College, ()x- 

* See our Review Department, 
•f See the Charter in Dugdale's " INTo- 
nasticon," p. .'•)(). 

ford : 


kitotlMtombih l650, thoold thips of a noigniaide onkiMnirn to men' 

Mk^^ iiiilinil sly awafce from hi* of tiis dajr« and tUbtatn yencJtf; iKsedm- 

Wtoberft; and oklbeliold the altered pibhiiig iti a few hoon and wHhodt' 

aipettof hbr i#e town» hil surprise dan^r, voyages which it wotild hare 

; imM not be less intente thah was required days, nay perhaps weeks, to 

^Mllrf the noble youth of Ephesus^ in perform. The opposite shore would 

liCNinji^, after a lapse of nearly two not less astonish him. His eye wouki 

(Mtdnes, the lihanged aspect of his search in vaiti for the few mean huti 

ilktive ci^. He vrould look in rain which were at that period inhabited 

lir the aimost rural dwelliop which by fishermen. He would now behold 

at -that period met his eye m erery tbespires of Churches, splendid hotels, 

Awtion i fbr the neat crofts and gar- commodious ferries, and charmto||C 

deas which were then uniformly at- cottages, fi-dston-hill, which, in hit 

tticiied to the houses ; for the gloomy time, was nothing but a lonefy ele?a» 
_ eHtle, which at one end of Castle- tion, looking down upon the scsa be- 
ideet, fiowned upon the lowly dwell- neath, wouldt appear strangely chanj^. 
ii%i beneath t at the others for the He would now see it crowned with Sn 
nUie- town-house, towering abore the excellent light-house, and displaying, 
iMriible dwellinn which surrounded in the numerous sigoab along its ample 
ft 'In vun would he search for the ridge, the most incontestible proof o( 
. ttlleioiis fields which stretched from the commercial wealth of his native 
Q6 ancient Castle-hill and oM Hall- town. In short all would appear altmd 
itKet, down to the river side, or those from what it was when be lived and 
tmfing in an opposite direction, to moved in l650 ; and although he 
Rctt^Uine and O>mmon Shore (the should be able to recognise some' faint 
mSenk Whitechapd and. Paradise- points of resemblance hetween ancient 
meet). In vain would he inquire for and modem Liverpool, yet the meia- 
tbe mter which used to flow aloos morphosis would appear so compl^, 
Pnadise-street and Whitechapel, and as almost to induce him to imagine 
hi the ferry-boat at the bottom of that the change was the work of magic, 
jLoid-etreet, and- Sir Thomaa'-build- and that he beheld some faiiy scene, 
n^. ' In vain would he look for the ^ I havcf not, for tlie sake of neishten- 
Imdge at the bottom of School Lane, ing the preceding contrast, overcharged 
which, when passed, landed him in the picture, or attempted to diminish 
the country, and pointed the road to the real magnitude of Liverpool about 
Wavcrtree. He might find the ancient the middle of the 17th century. To 
port, but so changed from what it shew the truth and fidelity of the deli- 
was, when he knew it, that recogni- neation, I shall briefly appeal to a few 
tion would be difficult. Instead of facts respecting the real state of the 
discoveriog it on the margin of the town at that period. My intention, 
rirer, he would find it in the very however, is not here to contrast but to 
heart of a populous neighbourhood, describe the town at two distant pe- 
sarrounded on all sides oy spacious riods. This will be attempted by way 
ibops and lofty warehouses, and its of introduction to anothec article, in 
communication with the river appa- order to convey to such of your readers 
rently cut off. The strand of the Mer- as are not acquainted with the history 
sey would also appear to him entirely of the rise and progress of Liverpool, 
changed. He would no longer behold some notion of the rapid strides which 
the water washing the walls of the she has made, since the middle of the 
adjacent houses, as it now washes 17th century (the earliest period of 
those along the North shore. He fltiMen/tcrecord respecting her history), 
would find it driven back many hun- in extent, population, and all the ele- 
dred yards, and a magnificent sea-wall, ments of commercial wealth and great- 
a mile and a half in length (with spa- ness. 

dons docks within, crowded with The town about the year l650, is 

vessel^ curbing its impotent fury, and thus described, in a passage in the 

saying to it, " hitherto shalt thou come, ** Stranger in LiverpooL" 
but no further." The scenery of the .. ^^,3 ^^,^^^ ^^ Liverpool, at the time 

mer itself would astonish him. In- ^f ,1,^ siege by Prince* Ru^rt, may be 

^ead of a few small craft occasionally gathered from the account by Secomb. • On 

breaking the doll monotony of its sur- the East, and Northward to the river, it 

fece, he would bdwld it cro^vded with was inclosed by a m\id#all; and on the 



Ancient Liverpool, 


street* a dry bridge, similar to the pre- 
sent Newiogton bridee, was thrown 
o\'er it. On tlie Castle-hill the Baronet 
reminds his son that *' there is for ever 
a foote way in this Bid common to all 
y« Kings lidge peopell." Words can- 
not convey a more graphic description 
of the state of Liverpool, than this 
short sentence. The most spacious 
and elegant street in the modern town, 
the scite of its most sumptuous and 
magnificent structures, the centre of 
busmess, the mart of commerce, was 
in Sir Kdward*s time a green field ! 

From these quotations, some idea 
may be formed of the aspect of the 
town, about the middle of the 17th 
century. At that period the scite prin- 
cipally covered with buildings, appears 
to have been for the most part con- 
fined to the elevated ground on which 
Castle-street now stands, and to a few 
streets running short distances from 
the ancient town-house. Towards the 
river-side there appears to have l>cen 
only three streets, Moor-strect, Water- 
street, and Chapel-street; and these, 
as we have seen, were but scantily 
covered with buildings. Eastward, 
Dalesstreet appears to have been a few 
straggling houses, with crofts and barns. 
Between this street and Tithebarn- 
street, there would seem to have been 
no communication ; for Sir E. More 
recommends his son to open a passage 
from Dale-street to Tithebarn-strcet, 
through a ** petty croft'' which was 
where HackinVley now stands. On 
the South east, towards the Pool, there 
were several houses, but with wide in- 
terstices between them. The inlet 
along Whitechapel was the natural 
boundary of the town, and all beyond 
was ** the country," to which people 
pssed either over the bridge at the 
nottom of School-lane, or by means of 
the Ferry-boat, stationed at the end of 
Lord-street, and Sir Thomas*-build- 
ings. On the banks of this inlet boats 
were kept, an order having been made 
by the Corporation in 1663, ** that no 
more boats be built in Frog-lane (now 
Whitechapel).'* This inlet had a com- 
munication with the water in Moss- 
lake fields (the scite of the present 
Al>ercrombie-squarc, adjacent to the 
Botanic gardens), its course being down 
Pembroke-place, across London-road, 
to the end of Byrom-street. The water 
was kept in the lake by means of rudely 
constructed gates, and was used for the 
purpose of cleansing the pool. 
Sir Edward More, in the MS. alluded 

to, gives a long account of the ** Moso- 
lacke," respecting which he had fre- 
quent lawsuits with Lord Molyneux, 
who it appears laid claim to it, and 
deprived Sir Edwaid of the right of 
cutting turf. The following passage is 
so curious, it may not be tedious to 
give it entire. 

** There is," says he, << tiro great reasous 
wherefore y^ towne ought to kepe y^ watter 
course y' right and ussell course, yr*^^ if 
other-wise, it may prejedles y^ towne very 
much. Y^ first is, there is noe watter- 
course convenient or about yc towne for 
skiners, diers, or other such tralds, as this 
b, w<:^> makes y' continvell water strem w<^ 
rones downe y* gout to y* Poule Bridge. 
So if this streme should be torned, such 
tradsmen as will have noe incuridgm^. Y* 
second reason is, if ever y* Poule be cote 
navigaljle of necessity, all such cuts, where 
in ships are to ride, must eather have a con- 
sedrable frcse streme, to rune continuelly 
through it, or it will quickly wrecke up ; or 
ells there must be convenient places for 
rasing great dames of water to let out w>b 
flud-gates w" necessity requires, for clensing 
of y* cKanell. And truly God and Natur 
haith maid all y* places betwne y* Poule 
and y* Stone-plate so convenient for rasing 
exsblve great dames, and yt so convenient 
out of y^ wav, to y® prejedise of none, and 
then to supiy these dames so great a firese 
from ofe y* Moselacke, yt though my eiet 
may newer see it, y' I am confident yt God 
Allraighty, wcl» makes nothing in vaine, 
haith ordained this to be y^ greatest good 
for this towne. Therefore I hope y* towne 
will newer lose y^ advantage of y* watter 
coming y^ way ; for if they doe, all y< are 
worth cannot procure a streme to dense y^ 
Poule, as above s**.** 

Such was the vast importance the 
worthy Baronet attached to the stream 
of water called the ** Mose-lacke." 
If he were to be the individual whose 
resurrection from the tomb has been 
imagined, what would be his asto- 
nishment at the complete revolution 
which has taken place, with respect 
to this, his favourite stream ! 

The Population of the town, after 
the civil wars, could not have been 
great; for in 17OO, fifty years subse- 
quent, the inhabitants were estimated 
only at 5000. Liverpool had made 
progress in the interval ; and we may 
therefore fairly estimate her population, 
about the middle of the seventeenth 
century, at something more than 40(X), 
or equal to the present population of 
Prescot*, which by the last census 
amounts to 4468. 

Kiglit miles distant. 



Ancient Liverpool — Fly Leavee, No, VIL 



(Whitechapel) all is unoccupied. Sir 
Thomas-buildingB has a few houses at 
the top, but all beyond is fields. Dale- 
street IS built on both sides ; but from 
Moorfields to Dig-lane (now Cheap- 
side), and from thence Eastward, there 
are none. Such were the scanty limits 
of Liverpool less than a century ago. 

The Population of the town had 
more than doubled since lG50, it being 
in \72b about 11,000. 

The Trade of the port had also con- 
siderably increased. In 1723, one 
hundr^ and thirty-one vessels entered 
the port, of the tonnage of 8,700 tons; 
and the dock duties amounted to 
810/. lU. 6d, 

The town had not received much em- 
bellishment, by the erection of Public 
Structures, in the interval between 
the two periods. The ancieut town- 
house was rebuilt, and St. Peter's 
Church and the Blue School were 

The style of Domestic Architec- 
ture had improved, but it was still 
extremely rude, and the houses were 
huddled together without any regard to 
regularity of appearance. 

Thus It has been attempted to sketch 
the aspect of Liverpool in l6dO and 
1725. The town was now advancing 
with accelerated pace to commercial 
eminence. The inhabitants were pru- 
dent, economical, and skilful ; and 
they had not only the saojacity to dis- 
cover the unrivalled facilities which 
the port afforded for foreij^n trade and 
commerce, but had sutticient enter- 
prise to put them in requisition for 
their own, and the town's aggrandise- 
menL It would lead to too extensive 
a detail to develope the causes of the 
subsequent rapid advance of the port in 
commercial opulence. They are to be 
found in the histories of the town, to 
which the reader is referred, who is 
desirous of full information on the 
subject. Her histor\', indeed, is one 
at which the natives may well feel an 
honest pride. She is almost the crea- 
tion of yesterday, with nothing on the 
score of antiquity to illustrate her. 
But that which other towns might 
think a misfortune, she deems her 
hicrhest honour. The recency of her 
elevation to the rank of the second 
commercial city in the British liinpire, 
is the proudest pillar to her fame — at 
once her glory and her boast ! 

Jjiverpool, Nov. Q- S. R. 

{T« he continued.) 


Rump Songs. 

IN the " Memoirs of John Evelyn," 
under date of 11 Feb. l660, it is 
said : " the Rump Parliament (so call- 
ed as retaining some few rotten mem- 
bers of the other) being dissolved ; for 
joy whereof were mdny thousand of 
rumps roasted publiquely in the streetes 
at the bonfires this night*; with 
rinsing of bells, and universal jubilee. 
This (continues Evelyn) was the first 
good omen." The same event mivc 
title to an octavo volume as : The 
Rump, or a Collection of Songs and 
Ballads, made upon those who would 
he a Parliament, and were hut the 
Rump of a House of Commons, five 
times dissolved. London : Printed for 
H. Brome, &;c. l6Ck). Copies of this 
edition are of unusual rarity. It was 
reprinted as the Rump, or an exact 
collection of the choycest Poems and 
Songs relating to the late times. By 
the most eminent JVits, from Anno I639 
to Anno 1661. London, hie. l6()2; 
and has an engraved title and frontis- 

Siece prefixed, supposed to be done by 
lollar. The frontispiece shows the 
people roasting a rump, gibbeted in 
chams ; and the title in compart- 
ments is allusive to public events, and 
giving whole lengths of ** the Puri- 
tan" and ** Covenanter." The latter 
plate afterwards, with some alterations, 
formed a title to. The Snake in the 
Grass, or Satan transformed to an 
Angel of light ; published by Ch. 
Brome about lO^fi; again, with addi- 
tions, in April l6()7, and Jan. lO'gS, 
The Rump songs reprinted in two 
volumes, 1732. 

In that collection first appeared the 
well-known poem of ** Loyalty con- 
fined,'* beginning 

** Beat on, proud billows, Boreas blow," 

the commonly reputed production of 
Arthur Lord Capel, until Mr. Park 
discovered a manuscript copy that had 
belonged to his Lordship, entitled : 
** Mr. Le Strange his ^e^ses in the 
prison at Lynn.'' In another old ma- 
nuscript it is styled : ** The Requiem 

* This kind of demonstration of public 
opinion was revived in March 1722. A 
Newspaper of that period savs : "By tbe 
accounts we have from several towns, it is 
computed that above a hundred and twenty- 
two thousand two hundred and three rumps 
have been oiFercd up to the manes of the 
late Parliament of most pious memory." 


Jan.] Jcanmi ^ Ae JUqf ^ St. Mary de Drownfont, WiUshire. n 

ler of Lacock, in Bifalio. Cottoniona, investization, and from authentic co- 

Qunely, that in the year ll6l, the pies of all the original grants in 

Abbey of Stanley was 6rst founded at the possession of the Baynton family, 

Lockawell^ removed from Quarrie by whom the lands belonging to both 

(Quararii}, iu the Isle of Wight; that abbeys were purchased from Henry the 

Jttitr three years it was translated from Eighth. The most important of these 

Lockswell lo StanUigh' s^e, first, the Charter of Henry, son of 

By Leland we are informed, that the IJuke of Normandy (afterwards 

Matilda the Empress first founded King Henry the Second), copied in the 

a religious house (domum) in a place Monasticon. Secondly, a Grant from 

called LocKSWELL ; that afterwards, Henry, Duke of Nonnandy, of a hyde 

Henry the Second removed the bro- of land at Lambume, which Hugh 

then (fratres transtulit), from LockV Plugener gave to the Monastery at St. 

well to Stanley, where he founded the Mary at Drownfont, in the manor of 

Abbey of Stanley, and gave the lord- Chinpenham. This grant has never 

ship to them. — LeiantPs Collectanea, yet been published; ujx>n this, there- 

voCl.p. 60. fore, it will be proper to make a few 

In Tanaer's Notitia, is contained as remarks. In the first Charter, Henry 

()Ilo,^ : is entitled the son of the Duke of Nor- 

"L0CK8WELL. mandy, and therefore it must have 

"TTiii place, in the forest of Chippea- ^een granted before the death of his 

\m, vat given by Henry, son of y« Duke father, who died about 1180. In the 

of Normandy, && Sec. &c. afterwards King second Grant, Henry is entitled Duke 

Houy y* Second, to the Monks of Quarre, of Normandy. The first Grant from 

upon condition that they should settle there Henry, son of the Duke of Normandy,^ 

a Convent oi Cistertians, which they did sives the lands at Lockswell to the 

aano 1151 ; but three after, that prince Monks of St. Mary de Quararii, ifJL 

and hb mother, Maud ye Empress, removM Insula, &:c. to build there " capitalem 

the religious from thence to abbatiam" for the souls of his father 

<<Stanleigh, Geoffrey Duke of Normandy, his mor 

"Where they built and endow'd to the ther's, and his own, and for the wel- 

bonanr of the blessed Virgin Mary, an Ab- fare of the Kingdom of England ; thifl 

Bey for thirteen Wbite Monks, whose rcve- Grant was in his father's life-time, 

nues were valued 26th Henry VIII. at 177L before the year 1150, as in that year 

2!L!i' P*'In.'"°T' ^"^ .' J^Hi^H ^ ^'8 father died, and Henry had the 

^'^ ^iS ,rS,?To» " ^^ ^ '^'^^ «^ Duke of Normandy soon after. 

VIIL to Sir inward Boyoton. Dugdale places the foundation of Stan- 

This IS the substance of all the j i^ji^ ^nd Leland 1161; in fact, 

Knowledge we have, 1 believe of the ^his latter date must have been the 

foundation and the history of Stanley aate of the earliest Abbey at Lockswell. 

Abbey, in the forest of Chippenham, j^ j^^ second Charter of Confirma- 

and in the oarish from whence this ^\q^^ ^hen Henry was Duke of Nor- 

letter is dated. ^ ^ ^ ^ . mandy, we find a hyde of land in 

The documents for the foundation Lamburn, given by Hugli Plugener 

of this knowledge are, first, the charter (the name of Pinnegor very common 

ofHcnry the Second, son of the Duke in this county) to the Monks of 

of Normandy, published by Du^a le Drownfont. There is no published 

ex officio annoruni (the Heralds Col- account of Drownfont, or the Monks 

lege) ; secondly, the Charter of Henry ^ Drownfont, and therefore it was my 

the Second, and his mother Matilda, first object to ascertain where this 

published in the Monasticon ; thirdly, Drownfont was situated, and the origin 

a Charter of Richard the tirst, pub- of this forgotten name, and I flatter 

hshed also in the Monasticon. My myself I have completely succeeded. 

Anaquarian lore, Mr. Urban, is not u will be remembered, that the land 

very profound ; but I am not aware first granted in Wiltshire, was for the 

that there exist any other published foundation of Lockswell. I therefore 

authentic documents for the histoiy of naturally concluded, that in the neieh- 

Stenlcy Abbey ; the light, therefore, bourhood of Lockswell (now Locks- 

which I hope to throw on the earliest well-heath, at the back of the Marquis 

foundation at LocksvveU and this Ab- of Lansdowne's Plantations at Bowdod) 

}>ey, will be derived from personal there must be some remarkable spring 

GsvT. Mag. January, 1823. or 

18t3.J fFkeiher GUbe Landt ar% Hthable f 97* 

to this gentleman several children; constant reader, which rdates to a 

and lonie years after his death, she point of material consequence to manr 

contracted a second matrimonial union humble labourers in the vineyard,— I 

with Mr. Mondy. This union was mean the Incumbents of Vicara^. 

the effect of mutual and disinterested The enemies to the prosperity of our 

love. Such, indeed, were the fervour Zion are fond of inveighing against 

and purity of her afiections for that the inordinate revenues, as they are 

worthy man, that she did not hesitate pleased to represent them, of the Esta- 

to give up, as she was bound by her blished Clergy. I need not say how 

iuBt husband*8 will to do, in the case grossly the subject is often misrepre* 

of her marrying again, a jointure of sented ; nor how confidently often 

four thousand pounds a year for a very refuted assertions are repeated. 

much inferior settlement. Their nufi- The point on which I seek informa-^ 

tiaktook place on the 19th of October tion has not, as fur as my recollection 

1811, ^fvhich, by a mournful coinci- serves, been noticed of late, either in 

dence, was also the day of their earthly our periodical miscellanies, or in the 

SAration in 1822. She had a son by pamphlets professedly written on the 

r. Mundy, now about nine years of subject of lithes. 

age, who bears a striking resemblance In the random assertions and loose 

of his good father. calculations which are often hazarded 

I can safely assert, from my own as to the gross amount of Tithes, th 

personal knowledge, that a happier enemies to the Establishment seldom 
pair never met together. They were notice, or properly allow for the I mpro- 
Gongenial spirits, emulous in the diffu- priate Rectories, which leave a very 
sion of comibrt to all around them, in madequate provision for a numerous 
unlimited charities to the distressed, portion of the labouring Clergy. lam 
and in numberless acts of relative and by no means an advocate for an equali- 
social kindness, which marked each zation of the ecclesiastical revenues ; 
successive day of their life. She was yet I cannot but think that Impro- 
as completely qualified, as if she had priate Rectories, whether held by in- 
been peculiarly destined, to make the dividuals, or by lay or spiritual corpo- 
declinin^ years of her amiable husband rations, should be taxed in a moderate 
supremely blessed and happy. This degree for the support of the poor Vi- 
was her solid praise ; this was the fruit car, who has to bear the heat and bur- 
of her C0iiju2;al love, which continued den of the day, and who is expected 
with unenfeebled activity to the last to minister to the little wants and ne- 
hour of his mortal existence. These cessities of the humbler class of his pa- 
excelling qualities of her mind and rishioners in various ways; while the 
heart were embellished by the unaf- Impropriator, who, on a moderate caU 
fected praces, and native elegance of culation, receives not less than three 
her external deporttuent, rendered still times the amount of the Vicar's dues, 
more attractive bv a freshness and is rarely subject to any claims of this 
beauty almost unimpaired by time; nature. 

so that she was the ornament of her 1 will conclude with a query, which 

domestic circle, and the delight of some of your numerous readers may 

those who enjoyed the happiness of perhaps be able distinctly to answer; 

admission to her acquaintance and and 1 should be greatly obliged to any 

company. I know that her husband one who has it in his power to afford 

lovea her with a tenderness and devo- information, to take an early opportu- 

tion seldom equalled, never surpassed, nity of communicating it for insertion 

Yours, &c. J. D. E. in your valuable Publication. 

^ Glebe lands, when in the Vicar's 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 10. own occupation, are I believe always 

A S you have on all occasions proved exempted from the payment of great 

i\. yourself a warm and zealous tithes to the Rector. Is the Impropria-' 

friend to the established order of tor then legally entitled to great Tithes 

things in Church and State, from a from Glebe lands, when the Ficar leases 

conscientious conviction, I am per- them? h\\i\ , are not lands which have 

suaded, that the existence of the for- been purchased by Queen Anne's Boun^ 

met is necessarily dependent on the ty tntitled to the same exemption with 

security of the latter, I flatter myself other Glebe lands ? 

you Will readily admit a query fjrom a A Poor Vicar. ■ 


laiSJ Mo9ker9 of ReHgUm <m ih$ stag: » 

the Almighty it intolied by a vain and substituting less offensiTC terms for the 

sioful deprecation of his name, there literal version of the prompter, did 

u aoc one more ofiensive or more dan- away the guilt of many a blasphemous 

teroos in its efiects on the public mind, expression, is now forgotten, or sacri- 

uuin thkt in which dramatic writers so ficed to the public taste ; and our ean 

constantly indulge. Indeed it is most are insulted by a wanton profanation 

ptinful to hear the invocations made of God's holy name in places wherein 

to the Deity with all the solemnity of it should be regarded with that rever* 

hsUowed adjuration and prayer, by ence with which the great Jewish his- 

persons tricked up in the mummery torian speaks of it, as the name whose 

ind miroicnry of real life, prostrate on sanctity was so great, that his Religion 

their knees, and with their hands and forbade him to utter it. 

eyes lifted up to Heaven, and their lips There is a note to a passage in one 

ottering with all the energy of devo- of the plays in Bell's Edition of Shaks- 

tion, and in the very spirit of absolute peare, which observes that the Courts 

adoration, that form of words and those of Law have determined the use of 

eapreasions of religious reverence which such expressions and invocations on 

should be put up to God in silence the Stage to be legally justifiable; but 

fifoai the neart, or ouly when we on what plea, or where the record of 

commune with him in our chambers such adjudication may be found, are 

and alone. It is most disgusting and not set forth; and it is scarcely possible, 

fearfiil, too, to witness and to hear this I think, to credit an assertion which 

mockery of hallowed rites and sacred could sanction and encourase a prac* 

services on that stage where, by the tice contrary to the principle of all 

shifting of a wire, the fall of a curtain, laws, human and divine, 

the ludicrous mistakes of a fool, or the Colley Gibber was called in his day 

pantomimic revolutions of a harlequin, a puritan, an enthusiast, a man over* 

the temple of God is changed into the scrupulous, and, as in modern times 

cavern of a necromancer, or the palace we should say, ultra righteous, because 

of Pandemonium. he corrected the ribaldry, the inde- 

The Stage may and should be made cency, and the indelicacy which had so 

a school of useful instruction and ra- long disgraced ihe Stage, though under 

tional entertainment; but let it be the the authority of fashion, and with the 

Ivceum of moral philosophy, and not sanction of public approbation. He 

the temple in which idolatrous repre- triumphed over custom, and purified 

sentations of the Deity, or blasphemous the corruption of ages : and every man 

imprecations of his name, insult the of sense, of ri^ht leelings, and sound 

decency and the dignity of his religion, moral and religious principles, will 

1 can remember the time when my crown with just commendation this 
young heart throbbed with delight at rational reformer, and rejoice in the 
the anticipation of witnessing in the . decorum which at the least clothes a 
Theatre tne mimic representation of double meaning in a decent garb. 
things as they are ; I have enjoyed the But how far superior will be his 
changing scene,-— ^have wept with Sid- claim to praise and honour, who, in 
dons, and have roared in very climax defiance of long-accustomed privilege 
of mirth and merriment at the buf- and dee|)-rooted prejudices, shall reno- 
fooneries of Edwin ; and when all was vate the purer spirit of dramatic Ian- 
done, have left the schools of Shaks- guage, correct a style and character by 
peare and of Colman with my heart time grown vicious and disgusting, and 
warmed by the better charities of na- put down a practice now *'much more 
tore; my understanding improved by honoured in the breach than in the 
lessons of admirable morality, and the observance?" 

whole inward man made better and The wisdom of Government, by ap- 

more social by the contemplation of pointing a public censor to license or 

virtue exalted and vice detected and to forbid the representation of all dra- 

despised. And even now, at an ad- matic compositions, before they have 

vanced time of life, I could be pleased been submitted to the arbitrary dicta 

with the same anticipations, warmed by of interested criticism and jealous 

the same scenes, and instructed and power, seemed to have placed a bar 

improved by the same reflections, against these dreadful inroads of of- 

Bot things are not as they should be, fence : but modem liberality and a 

and that pn^riety of acting, which species of poetic toleration have super- 


Mimon Htnue and Scikools at Calcutta. 


tionary families, besides excellent ac- 
commodation for the students, and a 
achocd: the whole comprises about 
three acres of ground. The house 
stands in an enclosed square, compre- 
hending about half an acre, with a 
broad piazza all round, and an open 
area in the centre, after the model of a 
College square, with a pond of sweet 
water ; and the situation is considered 
as highly desirable for the purpose in- 
tended, especially that of fixing Mis- 
sionaries on their arrival at once in 
a situation where they will have a view 
of their work. They will have ample 
opportunity to reflect on ihe new scene 
on which they have entered, of being 
introduced to new converts entertain- 
ed on the establishment, and thus their 
missionary feeling will be brought into 
exercise, and every human encourage- 
ment afforded them to persevere. 

The late Bishop of Calcutta accept- 
ed with cordial acknowledcrments the 
Society's grant of 5000/. ; and in conse- 
quence of his Lordship's just and for- 
cible appeal for support to the College, 
they placed at his disposal 1000/. as a 
contribution from the Society for 1822. 
The followinc testimonies to the 
character of the late venerable Metro- 
politan of Calcutta, are extracted from 
the letters received by the Church 
Missionary Society, ancl stated in their 
last Report. 

" The Metro|)olitan is a man deserv- 
ing of all honour; not only from his 
rank, but from his character : he is a 
wise man, and an humble man. He 
is the head not only of the Syrian 
Church, but of the Mission. Nothing 
takes place within the Mission with- 
out acquainting him with it, nor is 
any thing allowed to which he at all 

"It is not remarkable that such a 
close and indissoluble union should 
sobsist between us and the Metropo- 
litan, — a man of remarkable wisdom, 
dignity, judgment, and humility.*' 

This happy co-operation cannot fail 
to strengthen the cause of Church 
Missions and of Christian instruction 
among the natives. A female teacher 
was sent thither to superintend the in- 
struction of native females in India; 
and their progress has been such that 
their examination has since shown 
that the female sex in India might be 
benefited, if the people would consent 
to have their female children instruct- 
td. They displayed not only a great 

desire for learning to read and write, 
but some shewed considerable talents. 
From this foundation a most favour- 
able anticipation has been justly form- 
ed, that otner similar schools will be 
founded, wlierein females shall at 
length be raised to the rank which 
they are well entitled to hold in the 
scale of human beings. 

Our new schools in Calcutta (says 
the Rev. Mr. Corrie in his last letter) 
are bringing us acquainted with the 
native i)()pulation here; already a peti- 
tion, signed by 14 residents, has oeen 
presented, praying us to give them a 
school. The temporal circumstances 
of our Committee I see clearly give us 
a ready access to the natives, &c. Two 
more schools are to be opened, and (he 
adds) as many more are to be added as 
we can procure funds to support. 

Mr. Schmid continues This labours 
in translations; he has lately trans- 
lated select portions of the Liturgy in- 
to Bengalee. The Collects have also 
been carefully rendered, and are now 
ready for publication. He has like- 
wise translated from the Bengalee, a 
tract ** against the prevailing system of 
Hindoo Idolatry." The author, who 
is since dead, was Brajomohun Maj- 
moodar, a native of Bengal, and ah in- 
timate friend of Ranimoimn Roy, who 
revised the translation, and printed it 
at his own cxpence. This piece has 
excited much attention in Calcutta. 
It seems, from the correspondence 
from India, that there are more san- 
guine hopes from the establishment of 
schools, than from any efforts for the 
conversion of adults. 

By a return brought to the 30th of 
September, of the scholars in the Eng- 
lish and TamnI schools, the Tamul 
schools separately, and the country 
schools for the Tamul children, it ap- 
|»ears that the Brahmin were 7(), the 
.Soodras 11? 1, the Mussulman 69, the 
Roman 37, the Protestant l'>6, and the 
girls 72, making a total of 1591 young 
persons ; of whom the three latter be- 
ing Christian, about one-seventh of 
the whole, leaves the work of conver- 
sion to be effected upon all the rest, — 
a work of great magnitude, which no 
means can accomplish without educa- 
tion. The heathens in general seem much 
attached to their superstitions ; and the 
Brahmins, in particular, avoid entering 
into conversation on religion, and pro- 
bably do all that they can to stifle any 
good desire which here and there may 


1833.] Significaiioni of Christian Names, — Origin of tome Surnames, 33 

** Justice Shallow,*' since the immor- 
tal Bard has introduced much punning 
about luces. 

Louisa is most probably the femi- 
nine of lA>ui8 or Lewis. 

Ly£a is a country of Asia Minor, 
said to be so called from Lud the sou 
of Shem ; its inhabitants vrert very 
effeminate, and it mi^ht be therefore 
considered an appropriate name for a 
female, or very prooably the women 
of Lydia were remarkably beautiful. 
The name occurs in Horace. 

Margaret, Greek, a pearl. We find 
in Mr. Archdeacon Nares's " Glos- 
sary,*' that iVlargarite or Margaret was 
foraierly used to signify a pearl in the 
English languaee (as in Latin and 
French) ; ana in Drummohd's 
;* Poems," 1656*, p. 186, is the follow- 
ing epitaph on one named Margaret : 

Susan, Hebrew, a Lily. Susiana, 
an anticnt province of Persia, is by 
some supposed to have been so called 
from its being a country abounding in 
lilies ; the Persian name of that flower 
assimilates to the Hebrew. 

The Ladies having extended so far, 
the Gentlemen must be deferred till 
my next Nepos. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 8. 

I FEEL much astonished when I 
look around me, and consider the 
very different and curious names of 

The mixture of Saxons, Danes, 
Gauls, Normans, Jews, and other 
foreigners with us, at various periods 
of our History, has caused the dif- 
ference ; but the good and bad qua- 
lities of persons, or their peculiarities. 

" In shells Mid gold pearles are not kept ^^^ve caused the singularity of them ; 

and many, either by ignorance, caprice, 
affectation, or some other means, have 
been corrupted, and often thereby their 
original signification has been hidden 
and concealed. 

My present object is, as far as lies in 

A Mca^aret here lies beneath a stone, 
A Margaret that did excell in worth 
All thoee rich gems the Indies both send 


Martha, Syriac. The mistress of a 

family ; such was the character of my humble power, to show some ex- 
amples of this :— for instance, few are, 
I am persuaded, acquainted how the 
name of the Northumberland family 
has been corrupted ; for it wus first 
Pierccyc, then Pierccy, and now Percy ; 
and by this alteration its original mean- 
ing IS hidden from many. So the 
name Alwinc, which is as luuch as to 

Martfia, the sister of Lazarus. 

Mary is derived from the Hebrew, 
biit it is of doubtful signification ; it 
may mean either the bitterness of them, 
as Mary the sister of Moses was so 
named auring the bitter Egyptian caj)- 
tivily, or a drop of the sea, or even be 
synonymous with Martha. 

Phosbe was the Greek name for the 
moon, the sister of Phoebus the sun, 
supposed to mean the light of life. 

Let no parents name their daughter 
Priicilla, if it be derived from the 
Latin, unless they mean to call her a 
little old woman. 

say beloved by all, has been changed 
into Allen ; Bcarnhart into Barnard, 
Evcrhart into Evcrard, Garhart into 
Garard, Broadirook ii\to Braybrook, 
de Newton into Newton, Hart man 
inio Harman, Hcrchcrt into Herbert, 
Ilcughc into Hugh, which signifit-s 

Rebecca, Hebrew, Fat. Belzoni re- joy in the Saxon tongue, llumfnd 

lates in his Travels how great a beauty 
plumpness is still considered in the East. 

Rose, the flower of Sharon. 

Sarah, Hebrew, a princess. Sa- 
rah, the wife of Abraham, was called 
Sami, till her namr was changed by 
the express command of the Almighty. 
" Ana God said unto Abraham, as for 
Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her 
name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name 
be." Gen. xvii. 15. Sarai means 
my princess ; S<%rah, the princess not 
orone family, but of many nations, as 
we read in the next verse : " She shall 
be the mother of nations '' 

Sophia, Greek, Wisdom. 

Gent. Mag. January, 1823. 

into }iun\(rty, Lambhart into Lambert 
and Lambard, Leofhold into Leo|)old, 
Leonhart into Leonard and Lenard, 
Manhart into Manard and Mainard, 
Osmund, signifying in the Teutonick 
language, tlie mouth of the house, into 
Osmond, Radulphe into Raphe or 
Ralph, Reinmund, which being inter- 
preted, is pure mouth, into Raymond 
and Reymund, Reynhart (denoting a 
pure and clean heart) into Reynard, 
thereby implying quite a different sense 
from its ongmal. So Rugard or Rou- 
gar is now written Roger, and incaneth 
keeper of quietness, and may be well 
the name of a watchman. Many 


pmdlioiu aotHMU and beUeT of Ae 
lUnlont itorin wfaMi m iMtve ii^ - 
«f thw-ntMi'itiU, befcRe we wt dil- 
, we malt Dit 


venc; tmt ilM quotioD the *enci^y>» 
mj, eren imdt ibe ailw* of nme of 
tMW SkU Nariptan who Iwfa Jak> 
moftalued their une* fajr the Nrrkiea 
tb^ rcodercd to the woiUi miMign 
whom I may meotioa ColwitbM, 
Hndfon, &c. wbcMe. aocnncy in de- 
tailing the otgeeti tber diKorcrtd, 
hat never been qoeHkneo. 

two Of ditee 6t the stitchw by which 

Cieator— man, down to the brute 
creation, exiib on land, cannot be 
ditpnted. Why, then, tbouU we 
doubt the prexrvatioo of the mom ot; 
der in the oceenf' paitieiilariy whe^U 
it kbown dial dnpUeatet of uMCt Mtf 
land-animalf exiu in the wa. E. L. 

WU teapectto the difleiencc of 
opiniMi amnig betwixt Bit. Horr^ 
•M oar intAkjcnt Coneapondent, we 
«Ht only eulaim, 
"Htm BMtran, tdai tt ^ f tmm* l<U>i>''^ 
At the antgect oF Mennaida haa mt- 
ceuUy acquired a more tlian uaual do- 
Kree of interest, we propoae to intro- 
duce a few inquiriei re^iectin^ theii 

to tne fbliowing a 
corded in our pgea — vol. x.ix. 488 j 

r. S04i vol. X 


, , __ i cluwen light, with oo other 

^.on mj mind than a with to inves- 
tigate the truth, and I am compelled 
ia avow, that neither with the naked 
en, or with the aiil of the most powec:^ 
ni glaiaet that mpelf and oth^s in my 
RApasy Donid procure for the pur- 
nae, wwe we able to discover anjr of 
noit anificial conjnnctions which 
aom have been induced to luopose, 
Md 1 am most firmly persuaded that 
drt whide obiectioDs with which the 
{MliBe joomab have teemed, have ori- 
gituiled in motives of prejudice. 

Doo Bt^h an animal exist ? is the 
fi|Gt aonght after by the naturalist and 
theBSniMi} If it don, Uiere can be 
BD nartioa of that in dispute being 
toe of^M tribe. 

; ourselves of the au- 

25*! »LV. Sl6; LXXli. 829, lO'O, 

Tiie probable origin of the varioua 
stories about Mcnuaids, has been no- 
ticed by our learned Gorreipindent 
S. R. M. in our last vol. p. 6 16. One 
of the earliest records we meet with 
respecting the cr^istence of these ma- 
rine wonders, is the following ^at- 
sa^, cited in French, in Laty's Mis' 
toire d'Angleterre, torn. i. p, 403; 

"In theiixt jnra of King John's wigiie, 
K Oiefonl In Suffnike, a fiibe wu tiVen by 
Eahen in ibeyr oettei, u tWj were at ■«, 
membling in lli^e a «LLd ov uvkge man, 
wham ibev piescated into Sir Butholnmuo 
de GluiulUe, knt. (hat had tlwn the keep- 
ing of the CutcU of Oraford in Snffblk. 
Naked ha wm, tod b nil his limmn and 
memben reaemUinK tha liclit propoitian 
of a nui. Hee hadhevea alio in the vira) 
parte) of hit bodae, albeit that on Che crovne 
of bis head hea was baUe: hii beard hu 
aide and nigged, and hii bieait very beacie. 
The Knight cauaed him to be kfjit pcrtajne 


On Mermaids. 


the East Indies^. This creature put both 
Ht hands upon tne side of the boat, and did 
atrive mucn to come into him and divers 
others then in the same boat, whereat they 
were afraid, and one of them stnick it a full 
blow on the head, whereby it fell off from 
them ; but afterwards it came to two other 
boata in the same harbour: as they lay 
near the shore, the men in them for fear 
fled to land. Tliis, I suppose, was a Mer- 
man, or Mermaid. As there are others 
that have written of these creatures, I have 
ptesumed to relate what I have seen, which 
IS moat certainly true." 

A Mermaid, shewn at Exeter in 
1737, is noticed in our last vol. p. 5l6. 

GNir Magazine for September 1749, 
contains a statement, tnat " at Nv- 
koping, in Jutland, was lately caught 
a Mermaid, which, from tne waist 
upward, had a human form, but the 
rest was like a tish, with a tail 
turning up behind; the fingers were 
joined u^ether by a membrane; it 
straggled, and beat itself to death in 
the net Fontoppidan, in his Natural 
History of Norway, has some account 
of Mermaids. 

In our Magazine for Dec. 1759, is 
an Eenraving of a Syren or Mermaid, 
said to nave been shewn at the fair of 
St. Germain*s the year before, where 
the drawing was made by the Sieur 
Gautier, who described it as being 
about two feet long, alive and very 
active, sporting about in the vessel of 
water in which it was kept, with 
great seeming delight and agility, 
ft was fed with bread and small 
fishes ; it looked earnestly at the spec- 
tators, but it was evidently the atten- 
tion of mere instinct. Its position, 
when it was at rest, was always erect. 
It was a female, and the features were 
hideously ugly. The skin was harsh, 
the ears very large, and the back parts 
and tail were covered with scales. At 
the time of this exhibition, two other 
animals of the same kind were said to 
have been shown about four years be- 
fore, but they were dead and dried. 

The Mercure de France, for April 
1762, relates, that in the month of 
June 1761, two girls of the island of 
Noirmontier, seeking shells in the cre- 
vices of the rocks, discovered, in a kind 
of natural grotto, an animal of a hu- 
man form, leaning on itS hands. One 
of the girls, having a long knife, stuck 
it into the animal, which, upon being 
wounded, groaned like a human per- 
son. The two girls cut off its hands, 
which had fingers and nails quite 

formed, with webs between the fin* 
gers. The surgeon of the island, who 
went to see it, says it was as big as the 
largest man ; that its skin was white, 
resembling that of a drowned person ; 
that ii had the breasts of a full-chested 
woman ; a flat nose ; a large mouth ; 
the chin adorned with a kind of beard, 
formed of fine shells; and over the 
whole body, tufts of similar white 
shells. It had the tail of a fish, and 
at the extremity of it a kind of feet. 

''As I am no naturalist (says the anony 
mous transcriber of the above), 1 neither 
pretend to affirm or deny the truth of these 
things ; but this much I can aver for cer> 
tain, that about fifteen years ago, I myself 
saw wliat was called a Sea Monster id>road, 
the upper parts of which, quite down to the 
navel, resembled those of a child, except 
that the fingers of both hands were webbed, 
and the hair of the head rather coarser and 
more weedy, than that of an infimt. Be- 
neath the navel it terminated into a fish. 
The account given of it was, that it was 
taken on the coast of Manilla, in New 
Spain, where it was discovered sporting io 
the water, in company with its dam. The 
mariners who caught it preserved it alive in 
sea-water for a few days, but still pining af- 
ter the dam, it soon expired. Wnen I saw 
it, it was in a glass vase, filled with spiriti, 
about two feet long, and had all the appear- 
ance of being no imposture. I have been 
further told, as a proof of its reality, that it 
was examined by the Royal Academy of 
Sciences at Paris, who, on opening the 
body, found part of the entrails still re- 
maining in it, which those who had been 
employed to embowel it before, had left, it 
seems, behind." 

In 1775, a Mermaid, said to have 
been taken in Aug. 1774, in the Gulph 
of Stanchio, in the Archipelago or 
-ffigean Sea, by a merchantman trading 
to Natalia, was exhibited in London. 
It is described, but badly figured, in 
our vol. XLV. p. 216. The same Mer- 
maid was also exhibited in London in 
1784 and 1796, and the date of its be- 
ing taken in the Gulf of Stanchio was 
then brought down to a later period. 
It is also better represented in vol. iv» 
of the ** General Chronicle" for March 
1812; and a model of it, executed in 
1796, is said to exist, in the posses- 
sion of an eminent sculptor. The se- 
cond representation and the model are 
minutely described in the "General 

We are now arrived in chronologi- 
cal order at those accounts of Mer- 
maids which are of more recent 


'' 9SM ■ I^JfHIfttf: 

taB M>-M '*»illmMa «r4» 

)• UB ifeMtf m of ft ^M^ 1^ ■; 

■iNri batdMlMdwHcmwBdvkl __. 

'mm ItwMld nt hkdrtttt ^C 
» of ia Ml IfwMAdiUi' 

tw ^ brir «ip hMc^ *i %kt m; 

4m (IwobHl •» UtMMI,fiMr,«l;)No 

Mn la«{ tiat H W • bMi It^ ,^ 

braigj OH tlw wn mr* Oual 'mptofdt^ . 

mdi loBg hur> of W duluih coloor, the t'l™ to t^* bodj, whidi iMcincT to W 

■bonUm ind back whiu, whb the tat, at abant tlie tMckoen of thu of ■ touhs U; ' 

Aa bodf ^eriif Bkn • fiah, ml, u iIn *»> ttiwTiiis gndnil^to tiu pobt tf dl*,' 

tlio^^ (T • dnknii brown ctdonri that l^l : that vhm itcoUng iti head, •• ibor*- ' 

•ftar di&g from tlw rodl, it cUnffOBad iHBtioBcd, the fii^cn weie kmt dwa t<^ 

ladsT trttar, bat iiaiiwdiitalj tluK^tar it gathn, lo thM ha laaaot nj BhetliaT thaf 

oma abova witar again, about la jaida **" webbed or nat : that h* aaw it for nMt 

fntber o«t, and tmiwd about, with tit* two hoan, tba rock on which it laj baiu 

bca of it towaidi tin ihora, wbera tba da- dif ( that aftet the Ha had to bi tatbaC 

^(■tf wa* (taodingt ai^ ba«i^ 1^ oiu ai to taave tba nwk dijtv the ha^ht.ol 

had, 'riudi «u like a bOf'i, npoD aaotbai fi*B fwt abors the witsr, it tuBbled eJimr ' 

rack dat waa »ar tlw Gnt rock, it cama "Ij into the mi i a minuu aftu be olain^ 

Hamr ta tba aluta than it waij that, at '^ aamiBl ahon water, aad thai be tmm. 

ddi time the dadintit law, tba bee i^ it eiarj feature of his &c8, btriag alt the isr 

fiHiDet^, iriddk bad all tba ^ipaafaiica of peannce of a humaii being, with rery hoRait 

dia&Meiracbild, aikd a* white, and at thb tjn. The cheeka were of the aame cblonr ' 

tea tba adnal wat oonitan^ nibbing oi intb the reit of the Uce i the neck geenMJ 

■aahiag ila bnait with one huid, the fin- ahort; and It waa cnuBaotlj Btroking and 

gm baiag aloBa t^tber. Dwlarea, that, waahi^ ila bieait, which na biJf immerud 

tba lUa aahnal coaliooad to hitjc towatd "i the water. He theiefim eaaoot in 

lh« i>fl«r»al fix about half a minute, it whether, jta botDm waa fonned like a wniua^ . 

a reij: or not. He taw no otiier fina or fiwt opoi 

id .and it hot aa demibed. — It conUnoed almra 

bcm of tba BBJiDal i^ipearing abori water **teT for a few minatet, and then diaap- 

toip, aad awimmlng awaj aootb, towatda fMared. He waa ioformed that aoma boTa 

meftni cfCorfbioe, bat loon aAei dia^ id a neighliouTing farm law a aimllar creatun 

Ttaw^ m4 *b« daotanat tav il bo more. '" the sea, cloae to the ibaie, on the aanie 

DadMaa; OmI, from the ajppaatincc of tbia daj. The Minister of Campbel-Cown, and 

ariaal abow water, when twlmmiiu aouth, the ChamberUua of Muil, attended hia ei- 

^ lllimbt tt SM a boj that bad bUen oat amination, and declare thej b 

■ idtwi Am waa paring hj, and wm whj bla lentcitj ahould be questioned." 

.(U»VJ .**^'*V*' '**'''\-'r*'?|^ *^, .»<-.#-■ i. / •■! 



. .... f 

l^,^^f<n^<|e.«%«ff.« a Poem. % his exoelfeiMiet^ hit mai^ fiwllk 141 
*t!^?*'*% •^/Ift !♦*• l<< ^ g« M » i the present Poon^ be is lets bki^>HcC» 

.j6Mf!nP»>- A«l» but he is, ts usim], sOtlcii and mbod^» 

"*"*■*" Mgnhr i*irmimttanfff of two quarveUing with all be cannot comfire- 

oftbemostbrilliaatpoetiealkMnH hend, and with dogmatio iosoieiice 
ifMOMf of tliediy^ vhoM stfle^tnd senti- "into die heaven of heaven prestnn^i" 

iat^oogljcontrastedv being en- to intrude. Enteiinx into the mytto* 

gMfrfoftibe same sabject, induces us to ries of Providence, be feels himifelf 

SmAme two piodbctions^ issued at the baffled, and becomes malignant, '*ia 

MMie^timii^ mider one nneral Review, wandering mazes lost.'* 

li amaia ihyt Mr.. Moore's Poem, As these two eminent writers wiU 

«ffi||patt^ difimnt in. form, and more doubtless form the topic of convetsa- 

Hauled so OEKtent^ was intended as an tion in every society claiming, tbn 

mdinir iir a work on which he has least pretensions to Literature^ we shall 

basn- *"*gfe*^ «l intervals during the at once proceed to our extracts^ and 

Ulftwoycalsi but undcvstanding that present our readeis with select pas- 

Laid Byra» had chosen a similar sub- saf;cs from each. We will commence^ 

fftmm.immai, in the second Nom- with the amorous bard of Erin. Mr. 

of tibeXs^mi/he determined on Moore, in his Preface, after some ia» 

MlUMiMi' bis sketch immediately, trodoctoiy remarks, thus espbias the 

Mt dbe Mfafiek aught suppose, if he plot. 

MMd m^^;^im^^t\um^ a .^i^ Ddnt of ft«t, the la^aet U nol 

»a»Cop^ The subject of both It Scriptana--.the notion npoiT^h is is 

die jO fofiOy by. the angels for the fbunded (that of the lovili Ajb^ fat 

danpntai of men, ts described tn the wobmd) baviag origiasted in sa enoaooes 

sixth chapter of Genesis. The pa»« tnuuMon by the LXX. of thss v«ne m 

sage is generally supjxraed to have been the sixth chapter of Genesis, upon which 

erroneously transUited in the Septua- the sole authority for the &b]e rests. Thef 

gint.-^The public opinion has been foundation of my story, therefore, has as 

con8ideral>ly excited by the circum- ^***^® *** ^^ ^i*** ^o^y Writ as have the 

stance of lliese two poets, so different **.'®"»! ^l ^^ ^*?f PUtonists, or the reve- 

in all the diaracteristics of thought and "«.* ?^ *»f •'«*»•'' ^i^*"*' > »«*» « »PP'«- 

■w..mnn.:r»« MM^^t^wiw**, nn ^l.r^ll'^w m^U\i%^m P'«ating the notion thus to the uses of Po- 

?JfI^^'^^^ k ?U -^ u ^t'y* n^e done no more than establish it 

AH Were anxious to see how they would :^ [L. „^:„„ „r p„,.,„_ ,^ ... , ,. ^2 

mg tne same materials, to proauce consigned 

more different resulla. Mr. Moore's «i„ ^,^ ^^ ^y^^ g.^^, ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 
kmgnage is soft and impassioned, and ject for Pbetrr, it struck me also as capa- 
bis metre is always regular, easy, and ble of afforcfiog an allegorical medium, 
harmonious, — though sometimes it through whieh might be shadowed out (as 
cert£nly betray too much art, and I have endeavoured to do in the followiug 
cUiys by its uniformity. Lord Byron stories,) the &11 of the Soul from its ori- 
occasionally astonishes by the gigantic ginal purity — the loss of light and happl- 
scope of his mind, and the sparkling ness which it suffers, in the pursuit of tnis 
brillianey of his ideas. He spoms the world's perishable pleasures— «nd the pu- 
ordmary rales of art, and launches into nishmente, both from conscience and Di- 
the most cfaring irregularities of metre, ^»^ J"»'»^^' ^*»'^ r^»c^ impurity, pride, 
Sttked to the %ariob8 energies of his »°^ presv^nptuousmquiry into the awful 
towerhg and intellectuaf strength, secrets of God, are sure to be visited. 
This apparent contempt of all poetical The Poem rs divided into three sto- 
nM frequently exposes him to those ries, each of which is a distinct love- 
abarrations of language, which would tale; the heroes and heroines of which 
not te tolerated in a writer of inferior are the angels and the fair daughters 
if|»iitation. The noble Lord, amongst of Eve. The following are the opcn- 
Ourr. Mao. Jamfar^, 1823. ing 

ilO^ ■"■'llM*J^»&jMi--i^'i^'-ji^ ^ 


mmb -ik dw toaaet, we 'feci 

•rdoDT in tnmlliBgom tbc toweN 

■ iDg ntouDUioi and fwedpilow cngi of 

the laltcT. 
ingel are Lord Sma't Vaeta- of " ^tttvn 
yteteauA umI Earth ti the o|iaiiDg piece of 
&11 (ram the tecond Number of the Liberal, 
og," puMighed an tile l«t of Jin. ; and 

ptition of Irom iti mitifpted immorality, whtn 
ind bran* compared with Ibmier prodoctiona, 
ig of Ao- we hare no doubt, but the public cen- 
!, to tlMir aure haa produced a deitrable efiect. 

Thi»"M]nterj," as it itdenoimnaled^ 
1^^ lilie "Gun," aMUines the form of a 

BKt drdma. It ij a kne-tiory, into which 

a the author hat inuoduced all ibt blof ' 

ronof theDeli^e. The time Klected 
mon, . ii immediately preMdiiig that awfhl 
m! event, and the Poem end* with the - 

Deluge itKlf, in which the author 
Mtnet ' poweifuHf pourtTB^i ihe deitniclion 
»et, of all hut the Ark, which floau on 

'( the Taat and inWrmioaUe csient of 

the watery waite. The chief i ni et al 

•riaea frwn the love* of the angak Sa- 

miata bmI AtaM, for two of Hit 

• ■ . lovely deaeendantsof Cub. Ooenfihe 
"' moat appalling pictttreg of die Delun 

* ii conv^cd in the exnltttiOnt of the.., 
,„ Evil Spiiiuvrhoiune from the cavciiw 

of Cancatna, and are on At eve of 
"' wii^png their Jli^t from the c•^^t • 

• ' doomed to deatructinn. These are the 

A poMrato Judo-Tbj th, «d«- .magmatiou of Lord Byron reveU w.lfi 

Oh IwwiMthiBthu without thie;" »"« """^ powerful effect; where he 

_-_ .- L . I Ti depicts the eicMs of hot""" — ■ 

-Tke'CODocction between Love, De- .. 'i .. • -< i .1 i. 

alluded to: 

I aad Mtuic, 

■ .k ^tn ond " grins horribly the ghastly smile." 

■' " *•" B"«*f'^'y The r^der will olierve.%y .h^ folbw- 

ft of Eden up 

ct, ibe usual style of the poem 
dujiHt— all y^ |^,j irregukriiy of the metre sets 

'P^ "f^- criticism at dSiance' 

■, thu itill retail 
)• at llkair high, gloriooi Urtli — 
How k iw lwd n the drHraa yon briny ! 

Baw Lova, thmefa nob) cuth so ptone, 
DAAfc to take ReliKion'i wing. Of kiiinrfed);a without powei, 

WfeM tina or niirfbmth ttaia'd lua ova ! An nigh ths hour 

Bow Mar M Lora\ iMiiliag brink. Of death ! 

Tao eft, entone'd HeKgien lio ! Not iknr, nm aingle, not bj noii 

Wh9i Maaie, Mone ii t& link aomm, [tupping m 

Tlw} WA MiU hsU bf to the tklea. Nor jtan, nor besrt-brMk, lor 1 

*"- ■ ft id timt ntin t^n. Shall tbay drop off. Behold tiwi 


__ To-B)on 

We b>«> rcelled ao long in the ^"^ ''^l "l '**;^ ,. 

ddighifitfaftd flowery field* of Moorea -. _ ,. -'r°Lr™^t ,„ aj 

e>i£eiwt Mu«:. thai our readers wiU ^" J^,^ ' ^ °° " "°YS^ 

be^n 10 «i*pecl we have altogether Angel. Zu' tire their ^ing., but fcid m 

firapt tb« Pc«B*ean soanngs of our N„t ,,^ , ,ook 6«n out rRquid Dan 
aM€ Bard. Indeed we muat inge- SbJl lift iu point 


coafen that, after meandering Or abotr ibe jdua where atrong Deipaii 
t)w veidaiit lawns and Im- hub diadt 


ma • 

Dofieelia-OM, See < ' f. Ir^.iUaf. 

• eblertiiiuiut.. AoMBg tiia e r iitMn "IW' 

... » ttwdiOe^.. LprtTflT L*fy Ar ),'*iMfb«fCfe« 

betNcen the pfueat witb grat inte ■> iflll 'die ^»- 

reccdinB Serial racter ofSir.Euw. Coke, cnotrWed 

««WAh rf<MT.«Mii» «n« h M» *''*' *" <^ •''» 8™* '*'*' Jt-i** I**-' 

I lif i T wTM \t ^^iH7^ MafcMl *=*•"■ '^"^ """* promiw^I M<k* 

fliijir. ■■■'-■"- •^- "-—'- -' ^, " ^a SmtM HutcMjr of Sir' 

lij uiiiiiiTi'r -^irf"- rC. -r^"-" — Namtire oi hi* list Honn^ uid 


the "Secret HUton-af the Daith of, 
Qiieui Eli»beth.' In tii* kt .af 
tbcM uticfci the docwaenl (fnm * 
MS. yolnme tanaeAf ia. dw nnwi 
. aion of Fetyt, and tcaninglj in hit 

M tlMf^pM laprtatsMd la pnUkrUi- 

link, haring t 

^lU»>wM.d>- "PnigrtMCi of Qwm lOlaalKMh;* . 
^'^''*i.-»- wbew the iMTntKcaof tirlEkd: 
Car^ and Hr.S^mr ata !'**''> *!*' 
-' 1 tale of PmsMB the . 

lete be a TM i nwt Upiwi i1wjiM«b«C aim a i 
ts fcawaWwta «ana gvwnl plnebla, ^ . Jeamt. 
ladMtiDB fiwM a i«h9 «r paniea&M—to In d 

dmlopa that* liVtAottntiuwhkli float deuce*,' ,.„.._. 

ebaeanh iadienbd—aDf to loggHt nib- home, and at hii eaae ■ «wa>Miara<ii. ' 
yi^^iA, lTtW» rfwaWtjr, »» «» "Maaof lanioi haia n^a*^^ eB» ' 

«n»rfth-«Wre,«T«j™«rch«M« or rfta/™, rftl-ir owa. It !». not thera- ' 

toT»Uthe.g™.lllBftelmgrfu.«nt™;- ^^ „ft<^ h.pMotd, thiit . Buiafnaiai 

n » . pluHn pMdw to .«lt-.™»tk.Dg ^„^ ,^ loSemcrtlon. by lu, owldWt ' 

.h.^ ». <™«I«. h.™ found o«_«d |,„^ .u™„H„n.. Arioslcwho bailta ■ 

"* V" "^^^ """"^""f; to lum th. J^ bou«, ud fo™d tbu .wniu u.1 

delightof the fint duMnni. ,„„„ „,„ „t pul together at tba Nov ; 

Such is the Uea on which the mate- "*« ; <>^^ Munt«gne hu left . descripticp ' 

rial* in thU " bew Series of Coriosi- ^^ l.bruy ; ■ o..r the eotrun of aj 

liea" haa been «tllecled and arranged ; »"™ '«" ' "" "I '"n;'"1l^ '^'' 

and it iaaogoWBBBCasket ofliterary „,fcn»ilT' i tnooper.Boii.aa/ 

gema, Owt th«« who lead either for '„ ^ ^J^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^j^, ^ ^^^ 

amiueroent or tnatniCtiDn, wonld not j^^ inducad to niit the old tower ia th* 

be diaappointed were ih^ to open for- garfen of Buffbn, where ch.t Sage rediad •' 

tailoa^ in any page of theae Sorta evarj rooming to coropow, puud to loDg a. 

D'firdefMIt*. time m th.t lonel; .putideut, u to hHS; 

Happilv pOuCMed of an amjAe for- nUed aoma aolidtude uDong the boDtafc' 
lone, and unfettered byanyprofession, folio of Montlwr, who h.¥iog wen ' th», 
Mr. Claraeli has been enabled to de- Engiiihimn' entei, but not return, during ■. 
TMe the learned leisure of aeveral years '"*'T thmdar-.torm .hlch h«I occnrred in- 
to the pwrsuita of literalure , and his the inMr.^.i=fora""l the Mod mayor, -ho 
hoars h«e been usefaUy and honour- ™" ■",*;" *™' " '"''5' »J^ unbiguooa. 
abb employed. Manyanantlentman^ "«f, "' "" """S"- M> &>"■!'". » Ij 

".!."{,„ ii ., — ,~i ~, wiU known, agoniui of«t, who couU 

wipt haa been pored orer and many ^^ ^oun i. the Tow»h or Burroa 

a black-letter tract; and f">™ ™ch ^i^^^, ^^- „^„ th« he h«J been M. 

•ODKCa he has judiciously eondensed (h.t time occupied by BuggeiUoD. of idea. 

nnmenMM atiikin^ histwcBl faels and uj rererie), i.hkh sueh a loditT may *a- 

bi ugiiiphi cal raritiea, which would cite in aania niindi. Hewu ahobuiied bj , 

ollMrwiae bare remained in abltrion. bb hatul i for he haa ftvoured me with two 

laas] VlsTiKWj^JirUnA7t Curioritia of LUrrahiru. 47 

In one of tbe aoecilou* the lile abla collection of the Wurki of Ho 
nuligaiM of Piuk the Cooipaeutatar, garth, entirely fornied bj himaeir in 
whcMe ehuactcT Mr. D'lBXaeJi hu id an uacommonlj short apace of time. 
& rarmcr page very forcibly delioeated. In this, as iu eveiy pursuit on which 
wu EuScient to cause at least hesita- he set hishtan, he spared neither trou- 
tion iu belief of the exag^rated story, ble nor expense. He freqneatly 
Neither Puck nor the Great Coat were bought two or more copicsof the rarest 
in the Abbeyi and the only persons prints; and, selecting the best iinpre»< 
present were, the Dean of Westmin- lion, sold the duplicates to other Col- 
ster with two of the Prebendaries, lectors, and sometimes even gained br 
Sir Joseph Aylolte, the Honourable the tninsaclion. Whilst thus ensageil. 
Dailies Barrington, and Mr. Gough. hearing that Mr. Gough had ■ few of 
For what paued there Sir Joseph Ay- the very early prints of'the matchless 
loffe's Account of it in the Archx- Graphic Satinsl, he somewhat too 
ologia (vol. III. p. 3T6,} is the best abruptly wrote to request that he 
authority ; and that Hon. Baronet ex- might possess them cither by purchase 
presslvBsiert*," that previous lo the re- or excfiaiige. This Mr. & (who in 
muvaluf the top-stone of King Edward's fact cared very little about those parti- 
monument, the Dean of Westminster, cularprinls, and would have given thcin 
who waspreaentfromtheupeiiinglolhe aa a present U]X)n a different sort of 
(hutting it up, had taken every pos- application,) very stronglv resented, 
siUe precaution that no damage might and gave a peremploiy refutal. And 
be done either to the Royal body, or thus arose the impucable vengeance of 
its- sa/coi^laou*. The hke vigilaoce Mr. Sleevens. Contrary to his usual 
WIS observed by him during the time custom, the ingenious fabricator pub> 
the coffin continued open: so that liclj eiulled at the success of his coD- 
thc corpse did not receive tbe least trivancej asserting that it was iu re- 
violation or injurv; neither was it do- venge for some attack which Mr. G. 
spoiled of any of lis vestments, regalia, had made on the tittle-tattle stories 
or ornaments. On tbe contran, all of his friend the Rev. William Cole, 
thii^ were suflered to remain m the of Milton. 

same condiiion, situation, and place. In vol.iit.p.SS, Mr. D'lsraelietm- 

whereia they were found. After the merates, amongst the defunct litciarr 

rtaton had taken e suflicient view, evening newspapers, one which ii uiU 

top of the catBn, and the covering- in high rigour, being eijual iu circula- 

itone of the tomb, were restored to tion to any of the daily mornln;^ u- 

tbeir proper pbces, and fastened down pers [ihe Times excepted) ; and which 

brKBlmngccmeatorterrice, before the still keeps a high/i/trary reputaliotij— 

Dean retired from the Chapel." our leaders will readily perceiie wt 

ThcotheriillysloryofHardicanute's allude to the " Sl Jamei't Ciirutikk 

■Inae was avowedly a wicked conlriv- and (ienerat Evening I*(i^t.'' 

anccofGcotgeSuevens, to entrap pow Exempt bv his sltuati'in lit l>f-. (roc 

cj ui-c- .u. £. j-n > die "Calamities of AutWi/' JW: 

^ ' tacli, (with the exctutiui. o''ii tan 
■' scratches by Mr. Bowlr. ts. mi 

*** approbation is due 

IT the very spirited 

aey have brought 


aiCwi liBD. : I 

u Bu V HI Ikwd/d tboMI 

n'deuii; foficred fcr fak f ^i i 
diu of the '{^erii7teri«», ou n 
tkeCooMaiheitraof pbaGmR n 
iBamoniitTi wbcM th^ wore ti 
and ridiciiled. are drawn in li* 
lonn. M a t ik 

dooHXticliic, luc )mr 

clioljr ReduM, v m tecteoa 

hii only lie to liic) Oiei—^-ufai gM^ 
of chiidiih hapjniieu, while ibe intiM 
kwen T^oice together in the bri||lit 
nmning of eadnence ; and the miM 
rinoa of the Lady of ibe Caitle, mttb- 
•niog down llw extnvagtnce c^ W 
lintbuid'* ultra laj^tj, ami poming 
balm into the wound* of ancient <■* 
ini^--all this pleating cunbinadoa 
giTcaa tboTtrepcM to tnemindi beftM 
we ara forced to plunge into the tuibn^ 
lenoe at pJoRe diaaauiaa, or ex^M 
(he dark nasei of croobed poUcy. Intif 
IIhm we are led by-a c o nfonnily V 
hiitorical troth in all tboae acenei 
whjch were apeaed by the itrife of 
partiei dnrinR dM' tnppoaed exiatnioa 
of the Popish Plot. ThuappearaatBm 
to have been prosecuted wiih ihe intm- 
tion of diinmiahing the influence of 
«veiy one, and very hindly with I'eve- France over ihe infatuated Monarchi 
:iii when opprewea by the Long Par- removing the all-poneTJiil Duche» of 
liameat. A series of loasea and priva- Monmouth, the Catholic mistress, and 
bona in his own family, which is at excluding the Popish heir from the 
lait reduced to one inmut, not very succeaeion. Shafieabury, powcrtul 
likd; to survive the mother, who had from talents and populurity, but dan- 
died after givbg it birtb, deepens the gerous from his supple intiiguing spirit 
gloom on Dig serious and reflective and want of fixed principle, who first 
mind. The amiable and judicious set this plan in motion, has lefl us a 
coasATt of the atout Baronet takes terrible example of the fatal conso- 
diargeof the infant, a girl, a few years quences that result from attempting 
., , i- , *rr ' .■-.■.-- 

youoKer than her only son, This even lo do good with e 
aHbras sonie compensation for the be- The Autnor sets ou , __. 
itefits conferred on the Cavalier in the duction, viith premising his ii 
Major's day of power. Mutual worth not to more in trammels, that is, not there to be a trie ily bound within the limit* 
are too maiiy opposing elements in the of actual history or chronology. He 
diaracter of cacti to admit of social in- is as good as bis word in one respect, 
(eic ourae . It is enough that the The fai-famed Countess of Derl:^, 
Baronet lovn his nughhour, not as acting as Dowager Sovereign of Man, 
himself, but as well as the best possi- appears pretty early upon the stage, 
ble Ronttdbead could be loved b^ a not with all the dignity to which 
lealot in loyalty. The Major, again, her high rank and far higher character 
H^gtida the Baronet as much as Chri^ entitle her, but as a pei^oQ under con- 
ban charily could afford to an unen- tinual persecution, either open or se- 
l^tened sinner who has shared in cret, whose peace and safely are in 
mdding the blood of the Saints. perpetual hazard from the machina- 
Saar.'MAO. Januofy, IBIS. lions 

I»CoHli«ori>MfcCMfl«,hiyc«.hlre,nilgBt Umjcifi Dittattd to Oaieral QmUffbA. 
htm Mbb A^dM fbr the rec«Mita oTu 1 

bfWaBMPtTetri, witaralwmoftlMCMi- Mootluilaa. I vat. Bvo. pp. a77. C«)» 
1_.. ^1... J. — .-.__. _• borumdCo. 


S-«r.WwfaItoP.t^ Whlch«CTrf m«m we have ever enterumedrf 

tbM nwMitioiu be du true one, it m *"* '""P""'? career of this eitrw*. 

MTt^ St thb fonrea «u poUe«ed bj ^"*'"y «"">. "* cannbt but admit th# 

I'.Twd.MUiapHiga.rftheDoinMd.rSm- *« hare perused these volumes niUi 

ivfi togttlur with At FeikFoTeatiUidna- "^ "lO't lively Jnteregt. The circwr^ 

itifimi malian. statiee* here related are Mi intTmatejy 

""IIa ti^miSg eaAcaa uaA tenaolie te- intcrmiTni with the pblHlcaT hiaury 

_. _» - .^_;___.^l^y ^jj^^ t»re(««d or Europe, during the iMt thirty yeaW, 

1 hi* "View of D«- that tliW cannot fiiil to rivet the attcn- 

_^»«l«otfcBight,«nd tion of the reader, and exeieethe Oinri: 

« to Pita Pewrd, lord rfWUt- intense anxiety in the mind. W* 

ttt*iSi^;^trSS^.^ t!"* ''^ with avidity, both hftSS 

rtfo. lAich dM i^ikZ*fc<:tiDg the chac« " t^-T "= certainly the m<At iinpwt' 

tfaholMd. Shafinalj molved to inuiT ant recordi of modem time*. Indeed 

MMlltt*fayU9fgnttMoinu(udhei the meed of public approhation ia doe 

Wbwi Micft£idMr'pAmiM, ndlopM- to the |Thbinhen for the very aptrited 

iW iilT iiilliiifiH.i i liiii iif iiiilim. hi- manner in which th^ have brought 


-NipdMi'lJtlMW^ I 

___„_„ , , «lMd; faldiiykMmM,«aJiy lH iy yMi 

. jMn nnablut «f hkim^pnMiM, ba alinott alam bigot 

pcriconi allbara both tba aatbor and Am bod^ iwl «m m- 

.kw« of hiai) tirdj abMibcd by tb* &M iMlf to>likll 

r'^ not bno*. OmwoAttiaui. 

aatbon of ill . •■ N^ioleaa rninliliiKil den aMw M 

af puuujodc- ooartkntligBMMtkklbrbkMnwlnilhty 

rbw moktfK- ns (ha toam bumllM btaniM, bttaf 

Ueh bibttld*- 
imittlUha u- 
t on baud tiia 
ibliha bo ooB- 

■rteUiw, t 

mold mlmort be Co write the hbtOTj of hi> 
lift mt Stiot-HeliDa. He nldom note bim- 
mUT i impMwnt (t tba p«a nhtcb refiued 
to toBaw die ruidity of hii thoughti. 
When he wiabad to write an accoiint 
of an; •(•at, be canted (be GaDenla who 
■nminndad him to inveatigate the inliject ) 
■B^ when all (be materlila wera collected, 
ba dii'T'Iitil to them extempoie." 

^%e NoTM and MiiCELLAntES are 
of a more detached description ; but, 
in OUT judgmeat, they {xissets a moic 
eztraordioary degree of interest ; aad 
nuiT be coDiidered a» invaluable to 
miIiUi7 men, on account of the im- 
portant suageitioDt connected nith the 



introdaee them with the To)- 
lowltig explanation r — 

m of tbam leaehed him. He read thain 

nniMceMuy nuirdtum. 
~-]t «a hiitoriaa m he «•> ■ ■«■• 
If Oder the head of the " SuM^ 
or TooLov," where hU militHy e^ 
reer fint coDunenced, he ea^n at oikMt 
oo the following paiticnlar* :— 

"flntmnlloaa cf dwAimrer liair 
in IT»a— E]^edition agaiot Sa rJni n ^ 
ToalM daliwtd np to the En^kb— 
Plan of allaefc adopud ^aiMt Tonkas— 
K«p and iild^ oF tba plaea — Hlnli am 
ibe fi»ti6eatiaoi of eoaata— FoetiMng 
tba abocai of At MadJtarranaiti — Tuinr 
of Saorpo — FogitioDi of the Freocb 
Atidj — NapolBon accused — Action (^ 

(be Arm J of Italy — Scli6n — Loano." 

Napoleon was sent by the Coot- 
mitCee of Pablic Safe^ to command 

the besieging artillery against Toulon, 
which had been taken by the English. 

■' la conformity to the plan .adopted, the 
French raiied five or lix batteries aeaioit 
little Gibraltar, and coottrueted piaUoTma 
for fifteen mortari. A batteiy had aim 
beoi railed of eigbt twenty-four poundera 
and four mortan acaioiC Fan Malboaquet, 
the coaitruotion of which wai a profound 
■ecnt to the enemy, ai tba men who wera 
employed on tha work weie entirely con- 
cealed from obeemtion by a pteaCaCiDa of 
olirei. It wai intended that tbii balMry 
should not be unmatked ti" "'" ' 

niarcbing against Little Gibraltar ; but on 
the SOth of NovEmber the Rejireseotatliea 
of the People neat to mtpact it, wbeothry 
were InTarnud by the eaanoneen that it bad 
been completed eight days, and that no ns* 
had yet been made of it, cboogh it was 
■opposed the eflect produced by it would 
raant. Without fiirther ex- 
Repreaeolatives ordeiad llwai 


UfiViBW.— Napoleon's Memovn of France. 


conspicuous and important an indivi- 
dual have been actuated. 

fiefore enterine on the historical 
part, we shall explain the ori§;in of ihe 
Memoirs, by extracting the Adver- 
tisement of the Editors. 

" During the laat seven years much has 
been written respecting Napoleon ; all have 
wished to saj what they knew of him ; 
many have said what they did not know. 
Statesmen, soldiers, and authors of all 
nations have been desirous of passing judg- 
ment upon him ; everybody has spoken ex- 
cept himself. At length he also breaks 
silence, and in the most solemn manner. 
At the time of his abdication at Fon- 
tainbleauy he said* to the remains of his old 
legions, * / will record the deeds we have per" 
firmed together)*' but the rapid succession 
of events which led to the revolution nf the 
80th of March, did not permit him to 
write his memoirs at the Isle of Elba ; nor 
was he able to fulfil the promise given at 
Ftmtainblean, until he arrived at St. Helena. 
Too active to delay for an instant the 
execution of a project on which ho had de- 
termined, he did not even wait till he ar- 
rived at the rock of exile ; on board the 
vessel which carried him thither he com- 
menced his memoirs. 

" He employed the six years of his capti- 
rity in writing the account of the twenty 
years of his political life. So constantly 
was he occupied in this undertaking, that to 
describe the labour he bestowed upon it, 
would almost be to write the history of his 
life at Saint-Helena. He seldom wrote him- 
self ; impatient at the pen which refused 
to follow the rapidity of his thoughts. 
When he wished to write an account 
of any event, he caused the Generals who 
surrounded him to investigate the subject ; 
and when all the materials were collected, 
he dictated to them extempore." 

The Notes and Miscellanies are 
of a more detached description ; but, 
in our judgment, they possess a more 
extraordinary degree of interest ; and 
may be considered as invaluable to 
military men, on account of the im- 
portant suggestions connected with the 
tactics and operations of war. The 
Editors introduce them with the fol- 
lowing explanation : — 

<* Napoleon had requested that all new 
works should be sent to him from France ; 
tome of them reached him. He read them 
with eagerness, particularly those which 
were published against him. Lampoons 
and lihels only excited in him a smile of 
contempt ; but when he met witli passages 
in Important works, in which his policy hod 
been mistaken or misinterpreted, he de- 

fended himself with his usual vivacity. H« 
would read the passages several times over : 
then, folding his arms, and walking up and 
down with more or less rapidity, according to 
the degree in which he felt excited, h» 
would dictate a reply ; but in the course of 
a few sentences, hurried away by the force 
of his imagination, he almost always forgot 
both the author and the hook, and was en- 
tirely absorbed by the fiuit itself to which 
the work related. 

** Napoleon considered these notes aa 
constituting materials for his memoirs ; they 
are the more interesting, because, being 
the fruits of an unpremeditated dictation, the 
author's ideas lie on the sur&oe ; and be- 
cause they throw a light on events, the par- 
ticulars of which have hitherto remamed 
unknown. We have therefore made a sepft* 
rate collection of them." 

Our Author does not fatigue us by 
an unnecessary exordium. He is at 
prompt an historian as he was a sol- 
dier. Under the head of the '* SiBOB 
OP Toulon/' where his military ca- 
reer first commenced, he enters at once 
on the following particulars :— 

^' First operations of the Army of Italy 
in 1792 — Expedition against Sardinia-— 
Toulon delivered up to the English— 
Plan of attack adopted against Toulon^- 
Siege and taking of the place — Hints on 
the fortifications of coasts — Fortifying 
the shores of the Mediterranean — ^Taking 
of Saorgio — Positions of the French 
Array — Napoleon accused — Action of 
Cairo — Montcnotte — Napoleon goes to 
Paris — Kullerman Commander-in-Chief of 
the Army of Italy — Schi^rer — Loano." 

Napoleon was sent by the Com- 
mittee of Public Safety to command 
the besieging artillery against Toulon, 
which had been taken by the English. 

" In conformity to the plan adopted, tho 
French raised five or six batteries against 
Little Gibraltar, and constructed platforms 
for fifteen mortars. A battery had also 
been raised of eight twenty-four pounders 
and four mortars against Fort Malbosquet, 
the construction of which was a profound 
secret to the enemy, as the men who were 
employed on the work were entirely con- 
cealed from observation by a plantation of 
olives. It was intended that this buttery 
should not be unmasked till the moment of 
marching against Little Gibraltar ; but on 
the 20th of November the Representatives 
of the People went to inspect it, when they 
were informed by the cannoneers that it had 
been completed eight days, and that no use 
had yet been made of it, though it was 
supposed the effect produced by it would 
be very important. Without further ex- 
planation, the Representatives ordered them 



tm^ B< ^ emu ^ At 

lioD iikChaich 
i IT* *nores but 
kkm&temmf ofput? 

M> Jginwiwiifciiifi> jMiMt^tAePrcpa^ 

mi0lm^ At Cmmikn if Ms MufjeUy 
JOiir QmuIm II. «mI a mtntte Detail m 
ib^lifasndulGefWiiCMiy, tot<Jk oU iAe Por- 
lliwhri flWPMWferf iop<A il; tnebfiitf^ tAe 
Aiiriigifat ^iDi^gte, Onatm^lfPeenf 
' #e, Jh whitk it pnfixed, an Jeeouta^ 
m§ "j Cmiwi^ f " atctpitoiif and Jooffi/ey <y 
Btt mU ff ii lu jTotn JDovtf to Xowcfon. Jiy 

AM0N6CT the Tarious miblica- 
ttOBi conieqpent on the late tk)roiia- 
tioo» nottoed in our Review^ we acci« 
denuUy omitted to make mention of 
din cprioiis work» which is printed 
from an oii^nal Manuscript, oy the 
Garter Principal Kin^ of Arms at that 
period; the authenticity of which is 
thus atteMed by the present Garter 

^Having examaied a MS. enititledy 
* The npepKations fer his Maiesiies Coro- 
artioBy , tonther with the Itutalktion of 
Kaig^ ex the Girtery the makings of 
K^Afesof the Bath, Creadon of Noblemea, 
Hb Mi^i*> RoyaU Frooeedho^ duroogh Lon- 
doii, and Ida Wties CoRnation «t Weat- 
■iMlar -tiie ««tk d'Aprill, l«61. CoU 
laeled by S^ Edward Walker, Knight, Gar- 
ter I^rinoipall Kmg of Arms ;' I do hereby 
certify that the same appears to me to b« 
as aitthentio document, and that I consider 
4be signatore annexed thereto to be the 
aetnal Signature of tlie said Sir Edward 
Walker. Witness mj band, at the College 
flf Arms, London, this thirtieth day of May 
1820. (Signed) 

** Geo. Nayler, Clarenceux." 

1%e work is embellished with 21 
neatly engraved Representations of tlie 
Rc^Ha, from drawings annexed to 
the MS. ; and contains the names of 
those Noblemen and Gentlemen, liv- 
ing in £ngland, who adhered to the 
caoaeof his Majesty during his exile; 
a List of the Regalia, and numerous 
other ornaments, used at the Corona- 
tioD, and a particular description of 
Uie difiFerent purposes for which they 
were used ; the names of those Gen- 
tlemen and Sons of Noblemen who 
were made Knights of the Bath, and a 
very particular account of the creation 
of r^oblemen previous to the Corona- 
tion | the procession of his Majesty 
from the Tower through the City to 
Whitehall^ on the day previous to th^ 
Coronation, with the names of those 
GxiiT. Mao. January, 18Sd. 

Corcmaii0mf/CharlmlL Sf 

Noblemen and Gentlemen who were 
in the Procession, and " tanked ao- 
cofding to their dmeea;*' and lastly, 
an Account of the PlroceBsion itself;*— 
this is very minute, containing every 
particular connected with it, and con- 
cludes with a detail of the Festival in 
Westminster Hall. 

11. Tit» Reports tf a Depttiaiknf who m 
jmrtuanee rf the Retokttiont qf the Comi 
f^AstuMnU ff the Dnqters' Cmnpanu 5/ 
the 98d qf Jan, I8I79 and dd ^ dug* 
1818, vUUed the Estatet qf ihe Company 
in the County ff Ijoiwiai&stri in Irnaad 
m those yean; andwhieh were ordered hy 
the Court to he printed Jor the use (filt 
Members, Bvo, pp, 96. 

THE present state of Ireland leads 
men to reflect more particularly on its 
resources and its local government; 
and on that account induces us to nor 
tice thb privately^printed work. Hap* 
py woulu it be tor Ireland, if all her 
great Landlords would follow the wise 
measures adoj^ted by the respectable 
Company of Drapers. 

The first Report contains many in- 
teresting statistical particulars of the 
Company's estate, which is on lease to - 
Sir William Rowley. 

" The summary of the property, in ooiot d 
profit to Sir William Rowley, was as foOows : 

"The whole of the estate Is situate in the 
Baiony of Longhinshollia, hordering to- 
wards the South- West, on the county of 
Tyrone : it lies in several distinct parcels, 
and extends into ten parishes, some of 
them in the diocese of Armagh, and others 
in the diocese of Derry: it divides itself 
into three principal districts, each consist* 
ing of several townlands, which are ancient 
civil divisions, answering to ty things or ham- 
lets in England. The three principal divi- 
sions referred to, are Moneymore, Bracka- 
sliavgalloiv and Ballinascreen with Dun* 
About 18,761 acres English of Sterling. 

cultivated land, and about 

12,284 acres English of un- 
cultivated land, making toge- £. s, d, 

ther 26,045 acres of land, let 

in 948 parcels at sundry 

rents, amounting to 9>084 14 4 

About 100 houses, besides the 

mansion-house, let in 68 

holdings at sundry rents 

amounting to 571 6 9 

Three Grist Mills, let for S27 5 

Moneymore Fair let for S7 14 

Quit-rents, payable by firee- 

tenants, amounting to 10 11 5 

j^.9,871 6 11 



IML] Rtritw.'^EpHtU io Solomon Logwood.*^ 7%c Harmonicon. M 

Fiihmongers) it about to follow their 
bright example; and most sincerely 
hope, it will lead all ^ the other Com- 
ptnieswho have Irish estates to do the 
same. We tru^ it will also act as a 
stimulas to the great Irish Landed 
Proprietors to ameliorate the condition 
of a country, whose capacity for im- 
provement is so self-evident. 

18. An Epistie to Solomon Logwood. 

IN consequence of some animadver- 
sions on "Mr. Hughes's Itinerary of 
the Rhone,*' in our Review depart- 
ment (vol. xcii. ii. p. 343), in which 
we have charged the Author **with 
being devoid of facetious pleasantly, 
a quality necessary to give zest to fa- 
miuar subjects," we have been favour- 
ed with a fragment of the Epistle, 
named in the title. It is intended to 
vindicate the Author's pretensions to 
humour, and consists in a string of 
dosgrels, which now and then sparkle, 
addressed to a certain popular Alder- 
man, concerning the part which he 
took in regard to the late Queen. With 
personal and (as it proved in the end) 
party questions, we shall not interfere. 
But with regard to a certain result, 
which has grown out of them, a most 
uDJustiiiable censure of the Establish- 
ed Clergy, we refer our readers to the 
Review of Dr. Philpotts' *« Letter to 
Mr. Jeffrey,'' p. 66. 

13. The Harmonicon; an AssemlUige of 
Focal and Instrumenlal Music, coiisisting 
qf OrigiTial Pieces by eminent British and 
Foreign Composers of the present day^ 
and Selections fj-om the best PVorks of all the 
great Masters ; together icith a^ Critical 
Review of New MusicM fVorks ; Tvoticesof 
Operas, Concerts, and ottier Musical Per- 
fomumccs, and a new Encyclopedia qf 
Alusie. No. I» Jan. }Bi3. Pinnock. 

IT is not within the plan of our Re- 
view to notice musical publications ; 

* The loyalty of tbe Merchant Taylors* 
Company in King Charles I. time, compelled 
them to part with their Irish estates ; and 
so fiur did they carry their zeal, that they 
•old their silver ** and irons" in their vene- 
rable hearth in their livery parlour. King 
Jaines dining in what is called the King's 
Cliamber, the Master petitioned him to 
become a Liverynoan of the Merchant Tay- 
lors' Company. << I cannot," said the 
Monarch, *' being one. But Chawley 
thaU;* upon which the Prince and several 
NuUemen present were admitted. 

but the novelty and attracdve form of 
the present work induce ut to deviate 
from our usual course ; and we hope 
our antiquarian readers will pardon the 
innovation, if we allot a portion of 
our columns to a lighter species of lite- 
rature. For why should not Music, as a 
delightful recreation, occupy the atten- 
tion of the scholar and the gentleman 7 
It is no less a matter of surprise than 
of regret that its interests should re- 
main destitute of those powerful auxi- 
liaries by which the love of Literature 
is so nobly upheld, and its views are 
so extensively promoted. While there 
are periodical works in profusion, 
which communicate the thoughts of 
the ingenious, and record the result of 
industrious research, in every other de- 

girtment of the Arts, Sciences, and 
elles Lettres, the stores of music are 
either unlocked at an extravagant and 
almost prohibitory price, or frozen up 
by the contracted mean^ or still more 
contracted views, of their accidental 
possessors, so as to remain, in effect, 
''a fountain sealed*' to thousands of 
amateurs, who in vain look for that 
which taste and reason require, but 
which circumstances deny. 

" Inilaenced," says the Editor, ''by these 
considerations, and in order to fill up the 
chasm which appeals to be left, this Joor- 
nal is now offered to the public. It will be 
continued monthly, and will generally con- 
tain six or seven enUre pieces of muaic, one 
of which, at least, will be written purposely 
and conclusively for the work, by some really 
eminent composer, and the remainder wiU 
be selected from the best productions of the 
great masters ; but such music as the taste 
of the passing day shall decidedly approve, 
will not be rejected, unless indeed it is more 
deficient in merit than, when sanctioned by 
the public voice, is likely to happen. The 
whole will be adapted to the voice, the 
piano-forte, the harp', or the organ, and 
will form a varied collection of novelty and 
excellence, calculated no less to gratify the 
accomplished amateur, than to furnish the 
student with the most perfect models by 
which correctness of taste, and a knowledge 
of the style and peculiarities of the different 
schools may be attained." 

The main objects of the publication 
are to combine Literature and Music ; 
— to mark, as occasion requires, the 
defects of Composers in setting words 
to Music, resulting from their neglect 
of sense and ignorance of Prosody ;— 
to review good works; — to give na- 
tional and German airs, &c. &c. 



^ :•■*.??. 

. t 

'i'-' ■■'» 



jb tu uie ,Afmit the Muouliit, wq'&^' 

, mlliesdef iIm Anthor'* TeuoDiog eoDcliMm. 

echeuiator A icriptuTBl deUilflfAa Dtr of 

OTdjbope It final Judgment toUoinj^Dd alto ma 

It taentM. interetdng view orihe UBlenarr StMc* 

■ Giovacd^no which it Msuppowd wfflpraeadetL 

iitoi at Flo- Concerning the djBetent deriinio of 

■H>«. ihe Righteou* and the Wicked, the 

. I. minioiu are giTBD of ffidiopi Hall,. 

MkMMte I w, Tim SUt (T Mmi ^'> t^'onoot Smellridge ; IXwtara 

Dmh. jy tt( ilcB. Lofc. ieZr, I»K BaiTOw. Wbitby, and Mct 9 

hf^ar^DOn. i>MM,M.iM. and, a0MiMt"tfaeUateMUtAiMM 

ifafrfMWThJ. nf > dead ScmI in a dead Bojr." m 

^ .be pen-al of hi, truly «^V.toSr'On"llS 

« ■> Ji«.»i.. ^™ *f tt" «'^'?« of >» " cloud of wit. 

P'?">.."*.fif»'*'.",'?' « M«»."theA«thiraddi;" 

■ i;'»''>o- ■ - - 

>, with iti difierent iohabltanti 

U^Ott mr iba 

Km to n 

. 'cotpoireaT dmy, " when hia ■ '■ 

pn 10 ttmable 00 the dark _„,__ _ 

n^ widnut either itaff or onotthaiood^Mn o/kbdlr^afn 

> pmciit hi. fall." Thii i. b- ,.1,^ tlTwiJMiSi *.^ rf 

■My followed by what the VMot f«£iamm%. ^^ 

■aiite.I^ol't"buntafeKcU> »Birt mt o^ hm tU bmU miw 

. at'thc opniing of a paua», which m oppoM, lhi> bid MBdneji [| 

m more grand, than beuutirul decndu the (lignitj' of hunun nator*, k 

It— "Behold! I show ;ou a bdo* ihe itate of dggrvlUwa ia whicli it ia 

."gie. Hia argument in favour ""voUed hy Adun'i Ul, md ooouiwu nnoe- 

wanrupled immorUlily of the ™™r iw to (h« brMit of th* monnur, 

■hen brought to bear equally •^"^' Pf'T" ^ZJT^ ""*~* " 

the Materialist, a* against thi "Tt"^ "^ :![^^K ■ l . 

_u _ 1. ■ .1 . ff To witDHi Uia makDehoIr wrack uJ 

whom he mstiv term, "an ,,,.,^ ,1,;,^ j^ F«du«innX»S 

kmdofn.ortal,acWleMSadu. f;::;;;^^^. w«,,he^ui«h,«rtrf 

l»,ha¥ingrorsakenGod,brmM theMwiHigh, m viuUe in Innile btra^, 

, It h>t, to deny hi* extilence. ' lunwd 10 ■ pallid mui of oomptioii to 

otad," Bji the uithor, " bj Ssges view the cheek, onoa livdliog Hia roaei tha 

^ and cTerj clinw, luch ■ beiiie> boiain. aatx wbita ou) pure mt ' tha Enoma' 

jorered among ra; peopU, miHt be tiia maw,' converted into fbod for nma. 

B< a sD&iary ioituice of unbelief, Thit i* humbling and painful enough to va- 

nne of a pecufiar kind, either abto- viring mortali, without ioBicting a aeedlaa 

■ane, nr compouaded of follj and (ciditional pang, bf eadeaiouring to par- 

nttering hii blatphemoni dogmai toada thein that the Jewel which waa oaaai 

Idit of mjriiib of inteUigent wit- eoahrined in the once lorel j caaket, that tba 

J), with one voice, refiitin^ hie inviaible, the aiuritual inmat« of •hatni aa 

irtiona ; nmnuided bj couatleie Dobla aod ao fiiir, haa undaigoaa a -'— y 

I, Id the niihie crettiea, all pro- 00 Usi revolting. In vain inll abatton of 

(he baud that mada tbem (o he tliii cheerleii pennaaian 1^ tha affiataJ 
laoorDer ' thu death b but a deep, la 

n we aec a being of thia anrt ei- which both aonl and body are merely in a 

nore deference te bia iodiiriduel qaieicant atate till the dajr of reamnotion ; 

■a, than ia paid to tbota of aom- and that, though diet aleep be pioloQj^ 

fnona, enunent^ diitlngobbed by thnragfaDtrt tb* rarohttioni of a nuilion at 

Md leaniiDg, ia it not aa prepoa- yoan, yet when biakca by the ucbaanl'i 


Literature and Science. 


The TnuulBtioii of the rery loteratthig 
mivaie Memoirs of Marie Antoinette. By 
Madame Campah. 

NoTus Thetaams Philol(^co-criticus : 
UTe Lexicon in lxx et Reliquos Interpretes 
GrKGoe, ac Scriptores Apocryphos Veteris 
Testementi, post Bielium'etaliosViros doctos: 
concessit et edidit J. Fried. Schleusner. 

Memoirs of the Founders and Principal 
Benefactors of the Universities of Oxford 
and Cambridge, with Portraits of the most 
eoinant. By Alex. Chalmers, Esq. F.S.A. 
The Liibrary Companion ; or the Young 
Man's Guide and the Old Man's Comfort 
in forming a library. By the Rev. T. F. 
DiBoiN, F. R. S. S. A. 

Orifiinal Ijetters, chiefly illustrative of 
Eogliaa History ; including numerous Royal 
Letters ; pablbhed from Autographs in the 
British Museum, and other Collections. 
By Henry Ellis, Esq. F. R. S. Sec. S. A. 
Memoirs of the Court of King Charles II. 
Early English Poetry, and Historical and 
Romantic Biallads. By J. Haslewood, Esq. 
F. S. A. 

Monumental Renuiins of Eminent Per- 
sons, en^^Tcd from drawings by Mr. Blore 
sttd other Artists. With Biographical and 
Historical Illustrations. 

Journal of the Siege of Lathom House, 
during ita defiance by the Countess of Derby^ 
against Fairfax. 

Universal Stenography, or a Practical 
System of Short Hand. By W. Harding. 
A new Poem, entitled, A Sabbath among 
the Mountuns. 
The Hermit of Dumpton Cave. 
A concise History of the Ancient Insti- 
tutions, Inventions, and Discoveries in Sci- 
ence and Mechanic Art. From the German 
of Professor Beckmann. 

Part II. of John Bohn's Catalogue of 
Books, accompanied by bibliographical and 
literary notices. 

Preparing Jvr PuHicalion. 

£w|Mcro>)^«;^oyooXu7i«, or Proof of the 
distinct existence of Body, Life, and Mind, 
shewn not to be derived from Piiysiology. 
Contuned in an examination of the Contro- 
versy between Messieurs Lawrence, Aber- 
nethy, and Rennell ; together with an Exa- 
mination of the Origin and Genealogy of 
our ideas concerning the Soul, and other 
subjects connected therewith. By Viola. 

The Progresses of Queen Elizabeth are 
nearly finished, and may be cxj^ected early 
in March. Those of King James are also 
begun at the press. 

A Series of Letters on the Manners, 
Amusements, and Literature of England, 
from the original Manuscripts of Count 
Vietoire De Soligny. 

Mr. Barry Cornwall's new volume of 
Poems. It will be composed, we unrlcr- 
ktand, of five or six subjects ; the first is 
th* Fkwd of TlMnily> an adoption of the 

Pagan (instead of the Mosaic) account of 
the great Deluge. 

Mr. Sharon Turner, F. S. A. is about 
to publish the third Volume of his History 
of England, embracing the Middle Ages. 

A Prospectus and Specimen of a prepared 
Work on the present State of Baronies by 
Writ, compiled from the MS. collections of 
the late Francis Townsend, Esq. Windsor 
Herald, and other sources. By Francu 
Townsend, Rou^ Dragon Pursuivant. 

A History of the Commonwealth of Eiu:^ 
land. By Mr. Godwin, the Author of the 
Life of Chaucer. 

Observations made during a Residence in 
the Tarentane and various Parts of the Gre- 
cian and Pennine Alps, in Savoy, and in 
Switzerland and Auvergne, in the Years 
1820, 1891, and 1823, with Comparative 
Views of the Geology of the Countries with 
that of Great Britain. By Mr. Bakewell> 
Author of an Introduction to Geology. 

An English Translation of the Grulistan, 
from the Persian text of Gentius, with an 
Elssay on the Life and Genius of the Author 
Sadi, dedicated, with special permisdon, to 
the Churman, Deputy Chairman, and Di- 
rectors of the Hon. East India Company, 
and chiefly intended for their College. By 
James Ross, Esq. late of the Ben^ Esta- 
blishment, and well known as an oriental 
scholar by his Persian Antholc^, and other 
translations, under the name of Gulchin. 

Collections and Recollections: or. His- 
torical, Biographical, and Miscellaneous 
Anecdotes, Notices, and Sketches, from 
various sourcc^s ; with Occasional Kcnuirks. 
By John Stewart, Esq. 

An English Version of Slsmondi's His- 
tory of the Literature of the South of Eu- 
rope, with Notes. By Mr. Roscoe. 

The Elements of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, 
with copious Notes, illustrating the struc- 
ture of the Saxon, and the formation of the 
English Language. By the Rev. J. Bos- 
worth, M.A. and Vicar of Harwood Parva. 

The Hermit Abroad. By the A uthor of the 
Hermit In London and Hermit in the Country. 

Two large Perspective Views of Fonthill 
Abbey. By Mr. Bucklbr. 

The entire Works of Demosthenes and 
^schines ; with the Greek Text selected 
from the different editions which have been 
published of the whole of their Works. 

Mr. John Fosbroke, now Surgeon of 
Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, and Author of 
several Essays on Pathological subjects, has 
it in intention to publish some Original Ob- 
servations on the Connection l)etwcen cer- 
tain Affections of the Kidneys aud those of 
the Brain. 

An Elegy to the Memory of the late Rev. 
Henry Martyu, with smaller Pieces. 

The Disappointment ; or Religion tlie 
only source of True Happiness. 

roems, Dramatic and Miscellaneous. By 
Henry Nieli. 


isas.] C <» 3 

Anttquaeian researches. 

Hrth, u well as large stui 

ICE, nidely h 

euh other withont murUr. Strabu 

that the tathiia was rov 

mi, with . 

S't re«fflbIed''thB Zi 

aad Ciuai, 

ti>b houses, 

-tre onlj lighttd bj tli* 

dcMir. Tlial 

vu perfectly coirect ippears fruin ih 

pmenCatioaB of them un 

the Aoioniu 

" IXoioniM Siculiu ipeak* of the hauiei Giiin, that ii, th* ItOiite Houi. Vat, to 
d tfa« friton* M built uf wood, the wallt tha ud that it misht be diitiocuuhnl trvm 
Vmia at itakei and wattling, like hurdlei, vul^ buildingi, he canaad the tvigi (ae- 

_j j.-..i._j _.-.L _!.» 1. __ curding to hii princely qmlit)') to be barlctj 

oMTj, castlei ihenuelva, in thiiu dajei, vera 
framed of tba aama material!, and weared 
tof^elher; fur tbu> wrltea Girabha Cam- 
brmsis, of Pembroke CaaUe.- Anailphui de 
Monlgamery (laith he), in the daiej nfKb^ 
Henrv thtjint, buUl that imall easlie ^ 
twigs atid ilight turf. Such reed hoatct a* 
these we all along (ee in hela/td, and in 
many placet in Bnglaiu].* Kowlandj tvjt, 
thac [he Briciih houiei were geaerally in 
clusCcrB of three or four, Hiinetiinei many, 
larnD, where they are eilber cylinders, wtLli within a square court. At Grinupound, 
u arched lolty entrance, lingle or double, Devonihire, within a circular iaetoaiire, 
or exact tac-siiDiles of great tea-canisten in situated in a marsh, are numeroui rouad 
rrocere* shopij the orifice, »liere tbe lid foundaUona of atone houKi, about 1! feet 
shots, being, according Co Henry, for emls- diameter. Near Chun Castle in Cornwall, 
sioa of smnke. Stiuit says, that they >tere within the parbh of Mnrva, in the uaiO' 
bnilt at some distance from each other, not closed and uncultivated donni, are several 
in itreets, generally on the banks of a river dilapidated walli of circular buildings, whieli 
fcr water, or in woods, &c. where forage appear to have been the reaidence of a tribe 
night be found for the cattle. The prince or class of people, who, protected bj th* 
chose the most convenient, and Ills f<il- adjacent fortification, formed a settlement 
iDweraerectedthein around, at well as stalls here, llie foundations are detached from, 
for the cattle I a ditch and muuiid of earth, each otiier, and consist of lai^ stoaea, 
or rampart, surrounded the whole, Sammss, piled together, without mortar. Each hut 
■peaking of tbe first church of Glaslon- measures from 10 to 20 feet in diaweter, 
imry, aays : ■ The walls of the Church, and lias a dour-way with an upright stone or 
according to Malmeabnry, made of twiys, jamb on each side. There is no appoiraucs 
wiirdad and twisted toeether, after the an- of cliimaeys or windows. Several banks fur 

vied to be built. So the King of li'^ts, near the houses, and from these a tort of 

by name Heolus Whs, in the year of our covered way, or guarded toad, communicate* 

Lord S4D, built a house of white twigs, to with the fortress, which occupies tbe suui- 

retire into wbea he came a hunting into mit of a bill. The caves of the Druida 

South Wain; tharcfiiie it wu called Tr ners very mie, their hotMn witboat lime 


[ ri ] 



By Mr, Stock dale Hardy. 

TUIENBSHIP ! why> what is a friend ? 

One who toothet another'B woe ; 

And tirivet to oheerj 

The desert drear. 
Which once in beauty Bmil'dy 
And nuuir an hour beguil'd. 
When bleat with thoee we lov'd below ! 

Friendship ! can'st thou e'er be cold ? 
Gm'at thou lose thy genial heat ? 
Can'st thou ever, 
Fkom thee sever, 
Thoee who bent with cares and grief, 
Sund in need of thj relief, 
And aak assistance at tb j feet ? 

friendship ! can the Widow's tears, 
Csn the Infut's lisping pray'r. 
Unheeded be. 
By one like thee, 
Where onee affection's smile 
Cheered a fiuthfbl Husband's toil. 
And dwelt with pleasure there ? 

Oh, no ! in gloomy times like diese, 

fhy social influence thou wilt spread ; 
Tbe tortur'd mind thou'lt strive to ease. 

The Widow cheer—the Infiuit lead. 
'TIS DOW as Mem'ry calls thee back. 

To scenes once blooming — now forlorn, 
Thoa*lt scorn engagements to forsake, 

Which on thy altar once were sworn ! 


TlfETHINKS I hear the plashing oar, 

And morm'ring voices meet mine ear. 
Of seamen, as they near the shore. 

And by the beacon steer. 
And hark ! that lov'd and cheering air. 
Tells my fond heart my Edmund's there. 

As breaks the light of reason o'er 
A mind long sunk in memory's grave, 

Or comes in lone and silent hour. 
Sweet freedom to tbe slave ; 

So seems some vision fair and bright. 

To burst upon my raptur'd sight. 

! dwells on earth a hope more sweet, 
In heaven, a ray more pure than th'is ? 

Do lovers at the altar meet, 
To seal a holler bliss 

Than mothers feel ; when, face to face. 

They fold them in a child's embrace ? 



TinTH furious aspect issuing forth. 

From the bl^ regions of tbe Northj 
Relentless Winter, elad in storms. 
The tofhU Atmoaphere deforms. 

Arrested in their silent course, 

By the Night-frost's resistless force, 

The liquid streams have ceas'd to flow. 

The soil is overwhelm'd with snow. 

Thro' tbe wild waste what stillness reigns ! 

Save when across the desert plains. 

Sweeps with wide range the sullen blast. 

Driving tbe flaky billows fast, 

Till into hills tbe valleys rise. 

And all the prospect wears disuse. 

Dark falls the night, while buried deep. 

As in a long and death-like sleep. 

The vegetable world abides. 

One thick white veil its verdure hides. 

Contrasted with that solemn gloom. 

The close embodied Clouds assume. 

Tbe Birds forsake each leafless spray. 

Thick mists Invest the opening day. 

What tho' the melancholy view 
Present its most disheart'ning hue. 
E'en yet be mine, as heretofore. 
To praise the Lord of Heaven once more. 
And while I own His sovereign sway. 
Whose Word the hurricanes obey. 
With friends or relatives roost dear. 
The lengthen'd eventide to cheer. 

This season has iU social hours % 
Domestic comforts still ars ours. 
Ours too, those days of sacred mirth. 
Which call to mind a Saviour's birth. 
And tune the grateful voice, to sing 
The glories of that heavenly King 
Who sits at God's right hand above. 
Dispenser of his Father's love. 
He, with strong curb the tempest binds. 
Stilling the tumult of the winds. 
He bids the gentle zephyr blow. 
And the bright Sun with ardent glow 
Resume its influence mild and fiur 
To rarify the frigid air. 
Tis He, who, ever gracious found, 
Scatters his choicest fiivours round. 
Successive Seasons, as they roll. 
Proclaim his reign from pole to pole. 
That every Nation in its time. 
May hail him. Lord of every clime. 
With strength renew'd the orb of day. 
Again shall all its powers di'"4)lay, 
At its great Maker's high command. 
Deal forth fresh blessings thro* our land. 
And as the vernal months ad\'ance, 
Rouse Nature from her seeming trance, 
Of Resurrection Type how just I 
When wak'd from slumb'ring in the dust 
The dead in Christ shall rise again. 
And everlasting Life attain, [shine 

Where the blest Sun of Righteousness shall 
In all his Power oi Plenitude divine. 

Blan4ford. Mason Chamberlin*. 

• Author of the "Path of Duty," &« 



Select PoHry. 


P is Celeitial Hope's sweet tele 

Relieves the drear of waking dreamsy 
And that beeems life's thorny vale 

With bright altho' reflected beams. 
Then may thro' all this tearful scene 

Hope be the inmate of the breast, 
T* iUame the mind with light serene. 

And guide to everlasting rest. 
For if blest Hope the bosom flies, 

Distressfbl gl<)om assumes the reign ; 
In rains cv'ry prospect lies, 

And ev'ry thooght 's replete with pain. 
Nieht succeeds night, but not one ray 

Of mental sunshine gilds the soul, 
AQ, all is fled with Hope away, 

And fell Despair succeeds the whole. 



An old SoliUer, buried in Bremhill Church 
Yard, who died Dec, 1, 1823, aged9i. 

By the Rev. W. L. Bowles. 

A poor old Soldier shall not lie unknown. 
Without a verse, and this recording 
stone. [stray, 

Twas his, in youth, o'er distant lands to 
Danger and Death, companions of his way : 
Here in his native village, drooping age 
Qos'd the long evenii^ of his pil^mage. 
Speak of the past, — of names of high re- 
nown, — [down. 
Or his brave comrades long to dust gone 
His look with instant animation glow'd, 
Tho* ninety winters on his head had snow'd. 
His Country, whilst he liv'd, a boon sup- 
plied, [died. 
And Faith her shield held o'er him when he 
Hope, Christian, that his spirit lives with 
God, [sod, 
And pluck the wild weeds from the lowly 
Where dust to dust, beside the chancel's 
shade, [laid. 
Till the last trump, a brave Man's bones are 


(From the Spanish.J 

WIND the shell, bind the speU ; 

What is in it ? Fond farewell ! 
Wreath'd with drops from azure eyes. 
Twilight vows, and midnight sighs. 

Rnd it on the Maiden's soul ! 
Sons may set, and years may roll ; 
Yet beneath that tender twine 
All the spirit shall be thine. 

Ooetaa may between you sweep ; 
But the spell 's as strong and deep : 
Anguish, distance, time are vain — 
Death alone can loose the chain. 

GiNT. Mao. January, 1 823. 



Addretted by a Daughter to her deceased 

lAT tho' ten years are past and gone. 
Since to the grave thou wert convey'd. 
And the green moss creeps o'er the stone 
Which on thy mould'ring boaes is laid ; 
Yet, still thy Memory, ever dear. 

Lives deep impress'd upon my mind. 
And still I shed the silent tear. 

And mourn, to inward grief resign'd. 
For thou, when first in childhood's days 
I heedless rang'd from flower to flower, 
Did'st cheer my infant mind with praise. 
And lead me forth from hour to hour. 
And when maturity of years, 

Composing by the hand of Time, 
Thy long anxieties and fears. 

Gave promise of my youtWul prune ; 
Thy soft persuasive Voice repress'd. 
Unwearied with a Mother s care. 
Each wild emotion of my breast. 

And fondly stamp'd Religion there : 
Since then from infancy I owe 

To thy protecting hand and love. 
My source of happiness below. 

And hopes of future joys above, 
I duly still, whilst Heaven shall doom 

This ever grateful heart to beat. 
Will bend with reverence o'er thy tomb. 
And pour my Sorrows at thy feet. Z. 


By Bernard Barton, the Quaker Poet, 

'pnOU hast thy beauties ; sterner ones, I 
Than those of thy precursors ; yet to thee 
Belong the charms of solemn majesty 
And naked grandeur. Awful is the tone 
Of thy tempestuous nights, when clouds are 
blown [gjjy. 

By hurrying winds across the troubled 
Pensive, when softer breezes faintly sigh 
Through leafless boughs, with ivy overgrown. 
Thou hast thy decorations too ; although 
Thou art austere j thy studded mantle, gay 
With icy brilliants, which as proudly glow 

As erst Golconda's ; and thy pure array 
Of regal ermine, when the drifted snow 
Envelopes nature; till her features seem 
Like pale, but lovely ones, seen when we 

The Old MarCs Triumph over Time, 
€i 'piME has not thinn'd my flowing hair," 

Nor laid, as yet, my temples bare : 
But he has played the barber's part. 
And powder'd me with wond'rous art. 
To show, no doubt, that 'tis his aim 
To pulverize this mortal frame. 
But let him know, that, on a day, 
God will reanimate this clay ; 
And life unchangeable will give 
When Time himself shall cease to live. 



JnfmigH tviwt* 

M of pei^oMkM»' iiM A» ttflilaia dMW 

art ihmin dtteii : lo hng m the Iwwii aiiii 
faatnmMiili of dik IMoli (whether thef 
opmly tdw the field 9pkaM tiflraaee and 
eidetiag laetitulloii e^ or wbisther tbej brood 
m thSr hoetile pWM in ^tm devlr, prepare' 
ifUmi wmA poiwii pubfie epiiiloii} •mU m4 
mm tP'IMimal me wtions with dieeon- 
<H^ ' fUrf' Iflag t e p i e e e u tat ioiii of the pre- 
aiM^ ■Ad* fietKkNM apprebeBsiooift of the 
tavK. ^Ili^wfaieetiiiMetttitaoftheC^overiH 
«i«tle'«Hili9«rpi«i]|Mr, the beet^meeat okiBif 
s jHHlvveHMniif CBRoov euLueeo^ coanQeace 
iMtanii fIB thoee p^oMoten of tli0 
lAoiM'pvndKMie efaau hare aiak iato 
t fmpt^mMf f aad the Monareha will 
latf MIM tbtt tlMrt hate ae ee enpll e hed 
«Nir- gieft iMlc, til tiitf dull have^ de« 
fri*«a #Mtt of the ama wtdi wUdi ib^ 
«» flMMW Av M^poM of the wefid." 

miliWilFBMSiyto^ir^ of JadQ- 
ifeft- m'U llibr"l%heat d^pnM iMereitiiisr: 
lie'¥tedl' VMlSiitam, av it hw beto (we 
W(faBl ^lMaiB#lito hai^) called, waa prw- 
mm4 totltf SMddl'BUBbter on the ftthi 
rtrf thi MMi er tlHf Aflslriaii, RiuMai, and 
MMaa'GMBrli^ were deKvared cps tli»lbl<^ 
iMil^ 4^; HMog teceif«d these fafli^ 
JMNfeiM dMMperilPi the t^panbb Bfitii^ter 
IM 4iBk beibke« body, ^oaaiatiiig, as it U 
•riiL oT^lMi llfeads of partiei in the Cor^ 
tes, and, dlOu^h not exercising any definite 
fiiBetionSy designated as a Council of State. 
An adjournment for 48 hours was agreed to, 
IB cnder to give the character of perfect 
driiberatHm to the decision at which that 
SM e m bly should arrive. At the meeting of 
the 9th, the unanimous determination of 
the Representatives to resist the demands of 
die Hcly Allumce was plainly indicated ; and 
en the followtng day tne Ministers of Aus- 
tfia, Russia, and Prussia^ demanded their 
psasporta. The utmost concord appears to 
iwre prevailed m' the Cortes; Ar^elles, 
the leader of the moderate party, declared 
luBself ready to go t^l lengths in vindicating 
the indnwndeaceof his country ; and the sin- 
cerity of ^ orator's patrio^m was promptly 
admoadedged by the democratic leader, €ra- 
fiaao, who moved that his rival should be 
plaoed on the Committee of Diplomacy ap- 
pelated to advise the Crown with respect to 
the anawer to . be returned to the Allied 
P aw aiB ^ T he decision unanimously adopted 
by Congieae, npon the proposition of Ar- 
gneOes, is about to aet in motion a force of 
96,600 very good txoops. This force is to 
be added to die 90,000 active militia and 
ether corps. — On the evening of the 9 th, 
the answers (or, as it seems, with respect to 
three of the notes, the resolution to give no 
aaswer) (drtuoed the approbation of the 


A' Madrid IdHinkal 6f thfe I8«h teiiMins 
the snb^ohied eotTespooossee between the' 
ItffaibfeerB of fmssia, Rasski, and Anstrk^ 
dni die Spamsh MfaitCir hr Fore%n Af* 
fiurs, on the occasion of the fnrmer ^le^ 
mending passj^rts fbr their departnfe firom 
Spatttt Our eoD&M. lidiita prevent os firoBk 
itisertfaig thd Noties of th^ Ambetaadors df 
tliese respective Powers ; but we copy vIbi'*' 
badra the ^Irited Answers of the Spaaisft' 
Mhiister, fivarlstcf 8aa Miend^ dated /fltt.: 
fl. They are sh*Mrt and pithy. 

' Jaswer id the l^tie 4ddte^ed by <ftePra#*' 
Msn^ilfutufer.— «I hate received the Ne«a[ 
which your Exoellency tranemitlid'Cn'iM- 
nnder tbe date of the 10th,-and, tf*hte<i<fciy 
nnrsblf with ststiulpih rejAy, that the wntM 
df the Government of his most'Gadtete 
Majestjf* ibf the happfaiesa nf the Pmseidtf 
States site abt less ardent than those nanl^ 
ftlMad by hU MOMf the Kfa^ of JPMi#ar 
tbwsirds Spab; 1 tfaninnt to^^onr Biri^' 
leney, \vf Royal order, the passpovti M 
which yon have ap^ied." 

Answer to the Rttedan Notxi<^** I hixf 
rite«ived the Note whicH ydiir Exo rt le ii ty 
ttinisinitted to me yesterasy tbe lOui iit^ 
ststtt, and, limiting myself fbr -asy mM 
reply, to statang twt yinl hscve shaaKifiiBy 
abused (porhape thion^lil iMoMtaos) tM 
tew' of nstitftts, whMsh: w iMra ak^aMI^ 
sSde m the eyee of the Spaidsh U f mna mlti 
f ' transmit,' by otorir of hv fn^ftUt^ thn 
paispuits yon desire, bopiatf thilt' yotff Bit* 
cellency will be pleased to leave this cepM 
with as little delay as possible.** 

Aitswer to the Austrian Notc.—"*^ I have 
received the Note which your Excellency 
was pleased to remit to roe, dated yesterday, 
the 10th, and having now only to s^, thitt 
the (xovemment of his Catholic Majesty is 
indifferent whether it maintains relations or 
not with the Court of Vienna, I send you, 
by Royal order, the passports which you 
have required.** 

In the sitting of the 1 3th, the Depute^ 
tion of the Cortes proceeded from that as- 
sembly to wut on his Majesty with the meS^ 
sage agreed to on the 11th instaut. On 
their return. General Riego, who was the 
President of the Deputation, stated that his 
Majesty had received the message with the 
greatest pleasure and satis&ction. A mo- 
tion which had been made by Senor Mu- 
narriz, calling upon the Gxivernment to 
iniblish to all £urope, as speedily as possi- 
ble, the motives of its conduct, was read, 
and the mover made a short speech in sup- 
port of it. The Secretary of State rose, 
and said, that the Government bad already 
declared to the Charge d'Aftaires of Vienna, 
Berlin, and Petersburgh, that it would ex- 
plain its sentiments and principles to all 
Europe. The G^ovcmment would fulfil its 
promise, and he would say more — it was 
now employed in executing Vt. Senor Mu- 
norjri^ then withdrew his motion. 


w^tNH Mt*i«Mdi«iMtiw(pm9hU*iMratt. , 
dUt M AIMk ftonuidaat ia (h* MoadMn 
ifiBMr' Mtf^ bt At VUiUmtam* mj* ttet lU 
m CHMof the Tarin In tbcMsMk 1**07 wn 

fooBnbki all Uwil tnajM Mh is dx ei^ 
<rf Gmnth, about nlaan mi1ci£ilut Apib 
Ui nmaaaM I7 tha WMki, ud in tlu 

fuU of of tlu 

BMUat dirttou Ibr ftoMaat, of iriii$ 
tM Oroob h«« u abondut laiiplr- ,A^ 
of tba poUMt oiaohj an ooMtaatl* mp- 
tlwd. na(lgaKiiiie«b<iiarMkihad>a4 

r>Wrt> MnbstlM. flin lh« OMthatPiMM- 

}«dW ^tothafintatthaooBaMMMMUaf^ 

nodftt vnftn. 

dui !■ C t nUmUin^ ; Aw. 10 TIw Ciofhip 

0f4 o^ Fodba bad mvob AffienltT Hi ninapliir i^iM 

doaadt Tanodoa. Ha wh tfaa Bnl to ctj oofe >Dmi 

v Ibraa aidpaUt A vaaid of tha Iba, faariiv ll|i 

) boon beard dwitaff, tha momjr Ibr um p^BMtt 

M Cm- </ tba-flaMj and • dInaioB of trcM^, Uo* 

talana sp. IVon Oa time ddi oconnaddw On^ 

• orida Mnabaaanaitefiartht Anhlpdige. 

lUaV It appsan Aat dw IWki an DM wt;^ 

pb^ tbfiadwIthlhanilari^aoftbtpoatSciaito. 

nanoli l^oatiiK to tba inaAM hdd «« to lk«h 

ttmiB- aadtamaadnodoabl b; A^MM^ft 

■OTM of dM fi^ttna «lut faeapd «ia ii!!)!- 

■wn i«t»uad to |hab bonwf *,. Bbaia tfav 

'"JhAa^lteartfc* Carta, at LMnm. •>« WkntlMrictiaatoaMwadoWngi, 

A>nttSwM -■ 

j.thanplyofthBBH- AMSIICA, WEST INWES, -_ 

«h Oo*«Mmnit to a dgmud made bf tbat jte Mawge of ihs America Pmldrat, 

rf Fortogal, u «> (ba viawi csteituDed by „„ opening tbe Congre«i, repreMnled (ho 

«T GoimnuneBt witb nipect to the preMnt fin^icB of the United Stitci 10 be in tin 

rtM. of Enrme, wai r»d hj the Minuter „„, «oiirl,hing coadition: iJiei defUjiK 

Sir FoiriKn ASkin. Tbe Briti.b note biieflj jj „«ncei, 3,000,000 dollu* will remdS 

■Bd 6»ildj proftaiBd thet our Goyemment, i^ the TreMurj : ind the •.hole receipt, fin 

not aaDDJug Uie nght to interfere in the th, ,b„ ,„ eetimned »t onlr 88,00(1,000. 

lalaattl coacenu of an independent utioa, Xh^ muu&ctures ere >taUd to be reco*ar- 

fid Mt fell thrt mj i^un« of contdtutlon -^ f„„ their depreoion dUr the peace ; 

k • fnandlj (tOe could .ffiKt the rekDoni „d the mllitarj md n.v»l furcei of the Re- 

|nn«ul7 nutmg beneea Groat Britain public „, repreienled to be in the betl 

' "^ ^ ll«"fo« _" EnB- itate, ud effi<aent for thei 

had wHI t«t lunelf obliged to lend to thit 

A Letter, dated Cuvicai, Oct. 3' . , 
"The treaty between Colombia, Peru, 
Chili, and Buenu Ayrei, will have a moit 
impoitaut effect in Europe. Affain in tbU 

_m _ I. -L £ J I. ' 17 1 J MIT monlha, with BDErffT, tne war may be 

..m probUj find an eeho in England. tennln.ted."-Lett™ da«d the SSd ofU 

AND TURKEY. tober ilate, th»t for the lait day or two a 

ila are reeeired ftom Constantinople «ery heavy firing had been heard in the di- 

_. ___ _lth December, and intelligence rection of the two armiet — that of Porti^ 

fion Smyrna to the ad January. The latter and that of Brazil. It wu concluded, tbere- 

(Mea that the corp* of 7,000 TurLi, which fbre, that an engagement had talien place, 

had adraooed from Lariua to Salonica, with end the utiooBt iJaroi prevailed in conu- 

dia intantioa of proceeding acrosi the Gulf queoce in Babia, and the iahahltanti were 

<d Ccainth, haa been obliged to retreat, ahipping ail their valuablei on board the 

hnig fint committed on? of those atroci- feuela in tha harbour. Hii Majesty's ihip 

tin Iv which thia imptacahle contest is dl>' Creole was lying there, and the British in- 

ti^aUwd. Tbey set fire to tbe town m habitants had put their treasurrh on ijuaid, 

aaaxalfa^ aaw duniMlraa nwaaced by ■ under tbe protection of tha captain. 
NfMtiarfiNM of (he Greek*, computed at Domutic 

Dommlic Ocmmmm^^ThMirital Regitter. 


. ,4pi6ic%n|^ pip^r«n.-7TNo mm than uk* 
MB eooBtiM hare sent refiuMtloai to their 
trnff t qAw Sherifty to appoint county meet- 
fa^ to eonhider tlw caiiaes and remedies ol 
|gilMH«inl dbtrasib 

J'imb^w— A waiting waa faeM at Nbrtmch, 
iMabww Mttiwiedy prolMsedly, "for tha 
p«|wan of idni^ into oonaideTaSon the pca- 
•Mto jdf igrioohiural distraM> and Um 
a oi laKefing it" A aeriea of ro- 
of anfteient atm^th of time, and 
ti%4aMaSif antt-miBiBtaffial ten^r, warn 
nmoaoi hg Mr. Thnrtally and teoondad bj 
lir. Oolto» of Hotkhftm i bat they ipera 
•MHlftfy Mi aaidaf and a pe^on propoeed 
\f Am GaUmty Moommending, in plain 
%mtmh t^ worthroaroftha Legialature, and 
tlMi afolrtio* of iktB Qmreh, was adopted 
vidi'nptnnMa aodamation. 

Jmu I7«— A maeting was beU at Here- 
Jv>t «MmIw ialo ooanidentiim the distreases 
i.,Wff^l$mklmfkttm Lord Somera presided 
• I^mI UMtanoBt. Tluoe petitions were. 
■ftiii to Iho laaatiDg; the firat by Mr, 
IpI^mIhII wm mm $ tj pfietioal, and whoUy 
ikllMiMl tfiwa Boiitioal oofiaidetatkms t tho 
Miid«M wlMftsugfatbo called a Wfai^ 
ijMkfaMf i» wm vnno m A by Mr. Chariton. 
tta tifM Ma Mr. dhhetl'a Noiibib peti* 
IhB. BvtniMand by its author in person I 
hi 9» kaaid willi man patMneoy Imt ha 
^{■hi ■Ml 1m» aaaoawy ^a» at Norwich, 
mI hia petition was rejected with miequlvo* 
ssl eapfosaioos of contempt. Mr. Pattesball 
wididBaw hia petition, and Mr. Charlton's 
oaa cairjed without opposition. 

Jam, ftl^r-— A meeting of the inhabitants 
s£ the eountv of Somerset was held in the 
town of W«ls, to talce into consideration 
die proprie^ of petitioning Parliament on 
the SMbjeet of agricnltural distress. Sir 
~ Lethbridge, Mr. Dickinson, and a 

oi persons c^ consideration were 
Mr. Hunt, who had previously ad- 
dwsseil a letter to the inliabitants of the 
eooBlgry propoeed a series of resolutions em* 
bncing rariiamentary Reform, l>ut the She- 
vM, eoaaidering that the object of tlie meet- 
ing waa not finr Reform, refused to put them. 
Upoft an viderstandmg that the High Siie- 
liK woadd oall a meeting for Reform on the 
Tneadaj following, Mr. Htmt abandoned that 
iitnacty and liia other resolutions were car- 
ded. Tha High Sheriff, however, refused 
to sign Ij^ieB on behalf of the meeting. 

Jois. 83d — ^A meeting on the subject of 
feitiawientary reform was held at York, The 
ipiehefB wore Lord Milton and Mr. Petre, 
mio dedand themselves recent converts to 
Ae prinoiplai of reform ; Mr. W. Fawkes, 
wlkm pmpoaed the resolutions; and Mr. 
StMrt Wortky, who opposed the professed 
olject of the meeting. Mr. Fawkes's reso- 
none, and a petition grounded on them, 

were carried. 


Fomnanx Amd^i.-^Wki Fatfidur haa 
been radkling aft the. Abbey tier aiooe Oeto- 
ber« and haa at length foully amaged aa to 
tha pofticm of the formtnre. abd fiooks ho 
intends to retain, and the other portion he 
haa co^eded to Mr. Beckford, either agree- 
at>iy to the original contract or in oonse- 
quenoe of subsequent purchase by Mr. fiaok> 
ftnrd. Several (^ the cabinet piotuma which 
were ui the Catalogue last rear are included 
in die re-purchase. Muca thno «id very 
ieriona oontention has arisen In the dhrialott 
of the books and fNrittta. Om diird of each 
Mr. Bedcford retains, lliia sendeman'a 
UB^nre waa Mr. Churke, boohsellar» Bood- 
atreet, ass'isted by Chevalier FWnohi, Mr. 
Beekford's secretary. Mr. Farqnhar em- 
ployod Mr. Lawford, bookseller m SaviUe- 
paasage, as his agent. Mr. Bedcford is him- 
self at Bath, and has not been at the Abbey 
theee fonr months. Mr. Farqnhar haa ra- 
soived to bring the whole of the fumitnre to < 
sale in August next, previous to wbkitk the 
Abbey and effiscts wiU be shown bj dcketa 
as before, but upon a more extended scale 
aad witb for leea reserve. £%ht or tenroonia 
at the Abbey, which wevaoocnpted as the 
private apartments of Mr. Beekfeid, and 
whkh are fitted np with aupeib and eost^ 
fomitnre, and the moat rure aad va l o aM l 
books andprintt, were not shewn to thk 
publidc. The whole emte, however, will bo 
open in the spring, and there wiH be no re- 
serve on any artide whatever. TkeparelNNo 
mcmey is not yet pud, in consequence of the 
delay which has unavoidably arisen in per- 
fecting the title, which, of course, includes 
the liouses and lands in Hindon and the 
neighbourhood, together with a moiety of 
the representation of the Borough. Cheva- 
lier Franchi still retains possession. Tlie 
books and prints are not to be sold at present. 


Neiv Pieces. 
Drurt Lane Theatre. 

Jan. 4. A new two-act Comedy was in- 
troduced under the title of Simpson and Co. 
It is one of the most amusing and best dmwn 
comic sketches that has been produced for 
some time — a real broad Comedy in miniature. 

t/an. 14. A new Drama, in three acts, 
under the title Augusta, or the Bfind Girl. 
It is evidently of foreign extraction. The 
story is romantic, and yet does not belong to 
the class of melo-drama. The piece was not 
very favourably received, as It was too defi- 
cient in incident. 

King's Theatre. 
Jem. 14. This theatre was opened for the 
season, on Saturday the 11th inst.; and 
this evening a ballet, called VOffrande aux 
Graces, was produced for the first time. 
The grouping of the corps de ballet reflected 
considerable credit on the new ballet-master, 
M. St. Aumer. 


9m _ -tvW i- 

Qurm KutMonowi) &c. B«t. B. DhI«, Stmto R. OltmeMMiUn. 

Mr^lN^ J!m. a. 77tik Bar. F«M> Hn. O. Oimonig, JUq^ R. LiMobMUn. 

IwnlJt. Cri.MM<»LfcHigbfc«)riBi» 8«T.Puri(&Kutl>,IUdfinR.Knt 

MhU«t.«CaL*iBBnah«Ndt Cmaln iUr. Mr. I^My, DojBtoa It. Oloa wrt i t 

^^^^Iw. . . . ^^ . ft«. J. HUjo, Anba.7 V. WUta. [BdK 

. 0«MtM«fMk»T>ci>nt>iM As«M»- 'b' 'nvtli IiwDnbaU In Am bmAM 

■odil of ikBtmMitBa afM4.-GM.atr laeontiaiMdiBBBWMBafam&thwtoio^ 

" I ilii iini iT lli^ IUr-i.S.FhiIlaM,Fknib«ra^R.BaMrt- 

^mi^n^ V. w! C^di M ba Cm. B«*. J. Fntt. FonDuo C. Nufidt 

Bct. T. StM^, BoMb V. M. »_. 

lUr. G. Tnnlnii, Jos. M..A. MUnrtM 

Hot. O. Chbora., ta.hoU.tha RMhn «( 

' RiwIbMdi, 00. NmWvtoB, irith bb 

BmCoi} rfSulBlf osm Gual^, m, JJm, 

Rn. Di. Cfadnen, ftoftMorefModlU- 

,^ ..J,-- iM^jinlluTuntTofSt.AiidnM'*. ' ' 

„ jBTTTirfi— "" Fununin*. P.MMoa.«H-B.A.ar3t. Jdta'iCoIhgU 

■■rfh^^Satet H^A. (d A* BUmd- Coadiri^ge, MMftr In Um BotiI Ibitl 

ih iifT'iliiMlM CoUho, Qocpoit. 

Bw. OMKo-Ura Bruod, VicB-ChoMl B«'IU]phIo'oii.A.M. ofTrinihrCoUegi, 

W^^bunCubailnl. Csmbndge, Hud MuMi of Shnborno 

Bw.i.Buiow, LofdmR-Nufalk. Sciu>oI- 

Bm. J. Boik, W«t»Ium ud Wrettos P«- „ _ 

-frtHl Ci>ui«, NtrlbIL MiMatR Rkturhed to PARLiuiiNT. 

B«;J.r.QatpBiMr,ClBil« V.Cannll. Banagh 1^ fTiUvn. Edward Biker, wq, vu« 

Bm. i. W. Dmbj, WicUavood V. NorfbU. Slwldoii, dec 


Xalely. At Badnrinton, Lad] Etizdutlt 
ffMoMi dao- of Duke of Beuifoit, a •on 

m1 Ui< — Tbe wife of C^iuin SiuiliDpei Jan. 4. At Foot'i-cnj cotb^, Mn. 

-f^nf~'f*'i ■od Bellanie Lodga, Riclunand. Coiytoa, a duL 

>*».— il«.Mn.J.T.IeUieMelrme,of Jon. e. At Booth, the wife of B«t. J. 

ff|i|piln ttrnf- ■ dull Uater Hatchiniaa, a laa. — AtShunnxdi 

. .Ob. «*. At Holkhun, Lkjj Anne Coke, Lodge, Bel&il, Mn. Wm. BoTd, jnn. a ton. 

i^JV(.C4>ke,atq. M.P. a ton and heir. Jan. 11. Mn. E. Biuh, of Tiowbrid^, 

Aa 80. At Wiocbailer, tb* ladj of Sir a Bon. 

ait4m>,li«tt-aioii. — The wife of J. A. Jan.!!. In Giogvenoc-pUce, the Couat- 

Hldif% M.P. a dan. eu of Uxbiidge, a diu. 


' Mr')*, tan. At Bomfan, Lieut. Geo. eiq. of the Qnl Mmee, to Cuoline-Msti)- 

*-inilfl .r of Km. R. Fnoklud, Ca- da, Sd dan. of Dan. Neale, atq. of the Su- 

M^ j4 Wdji, to Anne, dan. of liU Then, prame Court. 

I JMti^ m^ rf Joha-it. Bedford-row. . Sec IS. At Doblin, Rubird HaT«m>d, 

XMit .JWMadraa, AaatmAnCbeajie, uq. banker, of Manchealer, to Jane M»- 

OfT.iiM.Jwiiuay.ina. n*. 




■ » 



« •■ 


*. .. 



♦ ■ 

A».t9k In tMiMo, agedlKI. Clwritt 
^taimt ifftort, BwoA •! IfelMmt In 

iT'big^ wai QiMmi't CmniIIm, a- VleM 
HflnW ii thiB Ansyv €oL of the I8tk 
tafi; «r HiUMnn/ uhI ContlaMe Hi Mwf» 
« fc W'W ig h' OMlft This wtFaevMh llobl«^ 
•Mi%Bi 1m#b liMMBf^i 1730 ) ftteeeedtd 
WvlMiiv^ia 4kak fiirt aiid <!«slith Vift- 
«Htitb>ecC te^ 1798» «t wtiMb tins* bii 
iNhctv ttfMlwr wMl liis brotlier, tte ft ott. 
«Nl*iUrn.Bdl4r. bbftnt Ifoom, w«i« toil 
•tiMfylii tMf ^iitage to DaUin ; aoi 
iAi^tfti 'tlfffy -warrlecl Aime Se7«itfiir, 
I "iMht- toi ii hte rtif Phuiei* Iti Marqoeis 
: ' «r IMllbhl, K. G. s and bj her fwbo 
I Mi J9«fr. 4, 1787) Iwd itoiw, 1. Charles, 
' *Ml Aog. - SS, ' 1770. 9. Lord Hennr 
(MlHtMaater MasterGeneral in IrehndJ. 
it 'isahoHtft 1IM 1787. 4. Elisaheth- 
iMl^.CiNliilMorWestmeath. 5. Mafy^ 
w arn ed Aknmder Stewaity EMf. onete 
W thm fffeaent Man|tiir of Londonderry. 
t Gerlnrfi. T* Afio*, died 1789. 8. 
^Hiambt 4^ 1788. 9. Franeee, ^He of 
St» nMfe #• Orashy Vandeiemv 
' In 17^ he obtained the 18th reg*. of 
light Dragoons, of wbieh he remained 
Colonel until their late disbandment. 
IIe'#ae one of the original Knights of 
Bti Patrick in 1783, and in 1791 was ' 
"eieated Marquess of Drogfaeda. Having 
heen Muster Master General, and Mas- 
ter of the Ordnance, he was, in 1797, ap- 
pointed Joint Post-Master-General of 
Ireland $ and Jan. 17, 1801, was created 
an Enf^llsh Peer, by the tide of Baron 
Moore, of Moore Place, co. Kent. His 
Lerdahip is succeeded by his eldest son 
Charles, who not beings in soond health, 
the nana|;ement of the estates devolves 
tm Lord Henry Moore. 

Hie remains of this venerable Noble- 
man, on the 3rd January following, ar- 
rived in Drogheda, in a hearse splen- 
fiAjr decorated) and drawn by eight 
liorMt. A number of carriages followed. 
In which were the mourners, the bearers, 
"and the domestics of the deceased. The 
ftmeral procession was met at the en- 
trance of the town by the Mayor and a 
jmmerons assemblage of the Corpora- 
tbnj Hi their robes, who attended to 
)Miy their last triimte of respect to the 
]n9|uuted Nobleman, who was the oldest 
of their body; and, in com- 
^Mi bii Lordship's will, the 
#lM»- altendad were provided 
iMk wtuh and hatbands. Almost all 

the C^rgvmen of the town and tlid {«- 
-mediate^elnity attended te tbelv icownt. 
The proeemion moved to tk, Petol^ 
Chnrcb. The ehief moumcr was Lovi 
Meniy Moore, Meood son* of tha.d»- 
««ned. The other moomeit were, 'thfb 
'Rer. Heliry Moure, Pontonhy MoofVf 
Bs^ R. Moore, Btq. and the Rer. (J, 
Moore. The Beantt were, Sir Hepry 
Meradyth, Bart.'} B. T. Bdfonr; 1B^.$ 
theMayor, AelUteordef, Major Chesblr^ 
Ralph Smyth, Bk|. Domlnlek O'ltiAl^, 
Vtd. and the Rev. J. Bagot* 
: ne Duin tff Cbnion, and Earii 9l 
Carlisle and Fttswilllam, are now tfia 
only survivors who were in possaition of 
their tiilet at the a c ce w i o n of Ceo. ifU 

• CommuN OF MAceunriJiLD. 

Jtm. I. At ^irbnm Castle, eo. Osdm^ 
aged 0S» the Rt Hon. Maty n«|io«^ 
Goonteti of MaoetosAehH* wife of ttti 
Ht. Hon. George fourth Earl ^H^tttS&h 
field, LL. D. and F. R. 8. Oiptain" M 
his M^eity'f Yeomen of the Guard; iuid 
Lord Llentenant of the eoonty of Okfoili. 

Her Ladyship wasdan. ami eo-Mresi Of 
the Rev.Thomas Ihake; D.D. many ymttii 
Reetdr of Amersham, co« BIuIls'} aid 
married. May 95, 1780, to the present 
£arl, then Viscount Parker, and has left 
an only daughter Maria, married Nov. 
IS, 1 80S, to Thomas Lord Binning, only 
child of Charles 8th Earl of Haddington. 

Her Ladyship bad issue, two children ; 
one son, who died young; and one 
daughter, the present Lady Binning. 

Her Ladyship's remains had sepulture 
in the family cemetery at Shirbum, on 
Monday the 13th January. 

Lady Blantyrb. 
Dec. 99* At Lennox Love, the Rt* 
Hon. Catharine Stewart, Dowager Lady 
Blantyre, widow of Alexander, IQth 
Lord, and mother of Robert- Walter, 
present and 11th Lord Blantyre. Her 
Ladyship was daughter of Patrick Lind- 
say, of Eaglescaimey, esq. by Margaret, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Halli- 
burton, of Eaglescaimie, an ancient 
branch of the noble family of Hallibur- 
ton, Lords of Dirleton. She was mar- 
ried to the late Lord in 1773 ; and by 
whom, who died in 1783, she had issue, 
1. The present Lord. 2. Patrick, Lieut.* 
CoL 1 9th foot. 3. William, Maj. 1st 
reg. foot guards, severely wounded at 
the battle of Waterloo. 4. Chaiies- 
Francis, Barrister- at-Law. 5. Margaret, 
wife of Rev. Andrew Stewart, Minister 
of Bolton. 


18Bd.l Obituary.— Sdioard Alexander, M. Dj-^ohn Aikin, M.D. 85 

fnaeUont only : rising above every telfith 
comidermtioiiy he carried into hit prac- 
tice the most exalted christian virtues. 
He was not merely the able physician, 
hot the sympathizing friend and com- 
forter of his patients ; be listened to 
their wants and sorrows, was prompt 
to aid them by his advice, to pour in the 
halm of consolation, or to relieve their 
necessities, as their respective situations 
and circumstances might require. In 
the performance of his professional du- 
ties he was strictly conscientious. No 
" respect of persons " did be shew ; the 
rich and the poor partook impartially of 
his care and assiduity. To the latter 
his servi^s were gratuitous ; and like- 
wise, in a considerable degree, to others, 
who could not, without difficulty, afford 
to make him a suitable remuneration. 
His bountiful hand was ever open to 
the claims of the indigent and the op- 
pressed ; and in all the relations of life, 
the same ardour, the same uprightness 
and integrity, the same unwearied ac- 
tivity, distinguished bis conduct. A re- 
markable sweetness of disposition, and 
strong intellectual powers, were in him 
combined with uncommon '' singleness 
of heart." His ruling principle was love 
to God, displayed in a warm and disin- 
terested love of man, wholly free from 
ptrty spirit and narrow distinctions. 
Devotion was his delight, studying the 
-Scriptiires bis dearest employment, and 
his hope rested on the mercies of God in 
Christ. Perhaps Dr. A. did not entirely 
agree with any denomination of Chris- 
tians ; but serious reflection, and patient 
investigation, led him to a full convic- 
tion of the truth of the leading tenets 
of Unitarianism ; and from the time of 
his settling in the vicinity of Leicester, 
he joined the congregation assembling 
at the " Great Meeting " in that town. 
In politics be embraced the liberal side 
of the question, and was always the 
firm and strenuous advocate of civil and 
religious freedom, " Every project for 
the benefit of his country, and the ad- 
vancement of knowledge, liberty, and 
truth, obtained his zealous support*." 

His judgment of those who dififered 
frem him was uniformly candid and 
generous ; and never did he retain the 
slightest malevolent or unkind senti- 
ment against persons from whom be 
had experienced undeserved or injurious 

The subject of this brief imperfect 
outline was the younger son of the late 
John Alexander, M. D. of Halifax, was 
bom Nov. 25, 1767, and received his 

* See Leicester Chronicle, Nov. 30. 

classleal education at HIpperholm school, 
which then was, and still is, under the 
superintendance of the Rev. Richard 
Hudson, who for more than half a cen- 
tury has officiated as afternoon lecturer 
at the parish church in Halifax. 

Dr. A. possessed the advantage of 
being well initiated in the various 
branches of bis profession during bis 
early youth. At the usual period, he 
went to London to pursue his anatomical 
studies, and there became a pupil of 
Sir William Blizard. Having accom- 
plished bis object in the metropolis, he 
repaired to Edinburgh, and finally took 
his degree at Leyden, with the highest 
honour, in October 1791. 

In the year 1793 be married his first 
cousin Ellen, the eldest daughter and 
co-beiress of the late Samuel Water- 
house, Esq. of Halifax, one of the Jus- 
tices of the Peace for the West Riding of 
the county of York, and a Deputy Lieu- 
tenant for the same district. 

Dr. A. fixed at Stafford, and was di- 
rectly appointed physician to the county 
infirmary. He removed into the neigh- 
bourhood of Leicester Oct. 1797, where 
he continued to reside till his deeply 
lamented death. All who knew him 
must regret him, and to his immediate 
friends his loss is irreparable. 

Dr. John Aikin. 

John Aikin, M.D.&c. (whose death was 
noticed in our last vol. p. 572), was bora 
Jan. 1.5, 1747, at Kibworth in Leicester- 
shire, being the younger child and only 
son of T. Aikin, D. D. a dissenting minis- 
ter, and the master of a respectable and 
well frequented boarding-schuol. Till his 
eleventh year, he received a domestic 
education, but at that time, his father 
being appointed theological tutor in the 
dissenters' academy at Warrington in 
Lancashire, he was admitted to the be- 
nefits of the more extended plan of in- 
struction opened by that institution. In 
the autumn of his 14th year, having made 
choice of medicine as a profession, he 
was apprenticed to Maxwell Garthshore, 
at that time surgeon and apothecary at 
Uppingham in Rutlandshire, but who 
afterwards graduated and settled in Lon- 
don. The three years that he continued 
at Uppingham were occupied in profes- 
sional studies, and apparently with more 
than usual success, since, before their 
conclusion, he was intrusted with the 
care of Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Pulteney's 
business at Leicester, during the absence 
of that gentleman for a space of two or 
three months. 

In November 1764 he became a stu- 
dent at the University of Edinburgh, 



Obituary.— Jo^ Aikin, M, D. 


Mnten* uid the Cltrgy of the Esta- 
blnbed Gharch ; the two former, inha- 
biting the town, and not upon any cor- 
dial terms with each other, were chiefly 
devoted to commercial pursuits. The 
Clergy, liberally educated, and therefore 
ci|>able of appreciating Dr. Aikin's ac- 
4|airemeDt8, formed the most agreeable 
part of his society, and the principal ac- 
qaaintances that he here made were 
among them. For some time circum- 
stances went on favourably ; he enjoyed 
the moderate emoluments of his profes- 
sion without rivalry ; he instituted a 
literary society ; and in his library, and 
in the bosom of his family, he sought 
nd found those gratifications the dearest 
to his heart. 

The time for trying the spirits of men 
wu, however, drawing near. The Dis- 
seoterSy having been repulsed in a former 
endeavour to obtain from the legislature 
the repeal of the Corporation and Test 
AetSf mustered all their strength for a 
new attempt, vainly trusting, that their 
adtnowledged great inferiority in num- 
bers, wealth, and influence, might be 
sopplied fay strength of argument, and 
bjr an appeal to the equity of their coun- 
trymen. Dr. Aikin, although not agree- 
mg in religious opinions with any class 
of dissenters, felt strongly the iniquity 
of excluding from civil duties and offices 
sll those who were not members of the 
Gborcfa of England. Too honest ever 
to disguise his real sentiments, although 
sincerely regretting and reprobating the 
intemperance of each party, be published 
two pamphlets on the occasion ; the 
one, " The Spirit of the Church and of 
the Constitution compared ;** the other, 
" Au Address to the Dissidents of Eng- 
land on their late Defeat." 

Immediately on the heels of the Test 
Aet controversy, and while the feelings 
of the nation were yet agitated by that 
event, occurred the French Revolution, 
which for a time opened an impassable 
gulpb of separation between parties al- 
ready exasperated. The declaration 
made by the National Assembly in favour 
of the perfect equality of civil rights 
among the members of every political 
community, naturally conciliated the 
good will of those who had been con- 
tending without success for this very 
object , while the merciless and undis- 
tinguisfaing confiscation of church pro- 
)(erty, and the atrocious massacre of 
tbe priests which soon followed, gave 
the alarm, as might well be expected, to 
the English clergy, and very naturally 
induced them to attribute similar inten- 
tions of violence and injustice to their 
political adversaries. Dr. Aikin had de- 
cidedly taken his party first as a dis- 

senter, and subsequently as a friend to 
the French revolution on its first break- 
ing out ; and although he never be- 
longed to a political club (not choosing 
to submit his own reason and sense of 
equity to be overborne by the clamour 
and violence of party credulity and party- 
injustice), was yet made to suffer severely 
for his political principles. Dr. Girdle- 
stone was encouraged to settle at Yar« 
mouth, and Dr. Aikin escaped from the 
impending bitterness of a personal con- 
troversy, by removing to London in 
March 1792. 

During his residence at Yarmouth, 
Dr. Aikin published (besides the pam- 
phlets already mentioned) an excellent 
system of English geography, called 
" England Delineated,** which has passed 
through several editions ; a volume of 
" Poems ;" and a " View of the Character 
and Public Services of J. Howard, esq." 
No person was perhaps so well qualified 
to estimate the moral worth and public 
services of this illustrious individual as 
Dr. Aikin, both on account of his sound 
and unprejudiced judgment, and his 
personal intimacy with Mr. Howard ; in 
consequence of which, the notes and ob- 
servations collected by Mr. H. during his 
various journies, had always been placed 
in the hands of Dr. A. for arrangement 
and correction. 

Although the connexions of Dr. A. 
ill London by family and acquaintance 
were considerable, yet he never obtained 
much professional employment, being 
little fitted by temper or habit to engage 
in the incessant struggle necessary to 
success ; he therefore the more willingly 
followed the bent of his disposition, and 
occupied himself chiefly in literary pur- 
suits. The first work which he published 
after leaving Yarmouth was the two first 
volumes of ** Evenings at Home." To 
these, though not to the four succeeding 
ones, Mrs. Barbauld contributed several 
pieces ; the third volume appeared in 
1793, tlie fourth in 1794, and the two 
last in 1795. The work became imme- 
diately very popular, and still continues 
so, offering a copious and varied store 
of amusement and instruction to the 
young, and by its good sense and sound 
morality commanding the approbation 
of parents. To those acquainted with 
its author, it possesses an additional 
interest, as being highly characteristic 
of him, exhibiting not only his ^various 
acquisitions, but representing his opi- 
nions on a variety of topics. 

The most important and interesting 
work, however, of which Dr. Aikin was 
the author, is his "Letters from a Father 
to a Son on various topics relative to 
literature and the conduct of life." The 


] Obituah¥.— C. 6. Graif, Eiq.'-^M. IMamhre. — W. Heif, Esg. 89 

Moral character (using the ex- 
m in Us widest extent) which re- 
. to be manai^ed, to be kept out 
Wp to be glossed over, 
I thee well, revered and beloved, 

meet in the eternal world! 

A. A. 

Iharles Gordon Gray, Esg. 
-. 19. At Stratton House, near 
mpton, Somerset, aged 63, Charles 
D Gray, E<:q. a Vice President of 
lib and West of England Agricul- 
Society, to which Society his scien- 
knowledge of stock, and of bus- 
f In i^neral, is well known. He 
\ a widow and a family of children. 
wat of the Grays of Sutherlaiid- 

H is grandfather, Mr. HugbGray, 
msdale in that county, was a gen- 
1 ftirmer, well skilled in farming 
arming-stock, whose eldest son, 
t G. went out an adventurer to 
ra, and became a respectable and 
sful planter, was particularly fa- 
for bis skill of cattle, and for 
; the b^est pen of them in that 
; io that their skill in farming- 
and husbandry might be said to 
reditary in the family. He was 
Duch esteemed in Jamaica, and 
iber of the deceased. 
khe Grays of Sutherland were de- 
d from a son of Lord Gray, who 
' killed the constable of Dundee, 
enge for an injury done to his 
, flfd there anil concealed himself. 
ipread into mar:y branches, ob- 
lar^e possessions, and were, for 
ice of about 200 years, anions the 
espectable families in that county, 
e only they have become nearly 

, except in the female descend- 
William Gray, Es(|, late Provost 
i1, was a native of this county. 
i left a large family of sons and 

ers, none of whom are ever likely 
le in Sutherlandsbire. 

rack of boding fears, while wishing to 
alleviate his pangs by a cheerful coun- 

His funeral took place on the 21st of 
Augu3t last, and on the arrival of the 
procession at the cemetery of the Pdre 
de la Chaise, several orations were pro- 
nounced by Members of the Scientific 
Academies in Paris. 

IVfons. Delambre has not only done 
practical astronomy service for the pre- 
sent and future, by freeing it from the 
confined limits of arithmetic, and uniting, 
instead, the various elements which con- 
cur in the result of observation, by the 
laws of their algebraic dependance ; 
thus giving to Mayer's tables a degree of 
perfection before thought ideal ; but he 
has also placed the past history of the 
science in a clear point of view, giving 
to eacrh progressive discovery its due 
praise. In all intercourse with his con- 
temporaries, his pure love of science, 
elevated above any prejudice of party 
or country, has been evinced in a man- 
ner that will ever reflect splendour on 
his character. This benevolence of mind 
he extended to the 'most humble stu- 
dents. The language of Mons. Delambre, 
both to his numerous disciples, and in 
general society, was ever that of kind 
encouragement, and obliging instruction 
when required. 

William Hey, Esq. 

Lately, At Leeds, William Hey, esq. 
He was an early and zealous supporter 
of the Church Missionary Society. His 
earnest desire of the salvation of his 
fellow creatures excited him to co-ope- 
rate with various societies, which had for 
their object the civilizing and evange- 
lizing of the heathen, by a more wide 
diffusion of the Gospel; but as a mem- 
ber of the Church of En|>^land, he re- 
garded it as his mure immediate duty to 
assist and cherish the Church Missionary 
Association at Leeds. 

Chetalier Delambre. 

.18. At Paris, at an advanced 
le Chevalier Delambre, Member 
rpetual Secretary for the Mathe- 
1 Sciences of the Royal Academy 
s. After devoting a lung life to 
St useful studies, and the practice 
most amiable virtues, the decline 
lealth was hastened by his intense 
tion. During nearly two months, 
nerous friends, and above all his 
tentive and attached wife, a lady 
uished for every female excellence, 
10 for five and twenty years had 
lit constant companion, felt the 
r. Mao. «/<muar^, 1833. 

Lieutenant Gkokge Pace. 
Lieut. G. Pace, of the Royal Navy, 
whose death was noticed in vol. xcii. ii. 
475, was an officer of many years stand- 
ing, and was born in 1767. His f.'ither 
was also in the navv, and served in the 
American war, under the command of 
Admiral Lord Shuldham ; during which 
period he was employed in bis Lordship's 
ofhce, in conjunction with the late Right 
Hon. George Rose, and the late Right 
Hon. Sir Evan Nepean, Bart. ; and al- 
though the smiles of Fortune did not 
accompany him through life so benefi- 
cently as the fickle goddess did those 
gentlemen, yet he obtained, as a reward 




Obituart. — Mrs. Weiley. — CUrgy Deceased, 


tteff attention of an affectionate wife, 
who was bit only nurse, and who, with 
her two children, are left to deplore their 
loM. He had formerly commanded ves- 
leli in the West India, Surinam, and 
St. Domingo trades; and, like British 
teamen of our day, possessed nautical 
abilities and an energy so often acknow- 

yonth to God, when torrounded by 
worldly attractiont j and his proTidence 
and gnce were her support and contoia- 
tion to extreme old age. 


June 24. Of an apoplectic fit, aged 

iedged as their due. Appointed as Agent 56, the Rev. Nicholas fVade^ A. M . Senior 

for Lloyd's at Portsmouth, it gave a full Chaplain at Bombay Presidency. Mr. 

opportunity, during the latter part of Wade was in his place in the church on 

the war, for his activity and diligence Sunday morning; in the afternoon, he 

in his duty ; and the Port Admiral re- attended at the burial-ground in the per- 

garded him, and sent for him frequently formance of his duty ; in the evening, 

to converse, after the exertions of the dmed with his family, and retired to 

day were over. bed at his usual hour of nine : on Mon- 

Unfortunately for him and his family, day morning, at half-past six, he was a 

an occurrence took place that served to corpse 1 Mr. Wade's remains were in- 

diaplay his abilities for, and liis attach- terrvd in the chancel of St. Thomas's 

ment to, his duty ; as well as the willing- Church, of which he had been a Cbap- 

iiest of the Admiral and the Officers of lain nearly 31 years, attended by a nu- 

the yard to render him the most prompt merous and respectable concourse of 

assistance. A ship bound to the Cape sorrowing friends. 

of Good Hope, with a very valuable Aug,i. At Madras, of the spasmodic 

cargo on board, worth perhaps forty cholera, aged 37» Rev. T. Nichoiton, of 

thousand pounds, foundered at her an- the London Missionary Society. After 

chort at St. Helen's. After unparalleled 
exertions of a fortnight, he raised her, 
liut it was to sink himself into the grave. 
The property, for the benefit of the 
underwriters, was saved, but to his fa- 
mily be is lost ! A cold caught by these 
exertions, after the lengthened period 
alluded to, overcame bis excellent con- 
stitution, and, ill the prime of life, he 
was taken from that active, energetic 
application, which ultimately must have 
placed him in a respectable situation in 
life. It may be added, by way of remark, 
that, next to British Consuls in foreign 
ports, the Agents for Lloyds, if of a cha- 
racter sufficient to support their station, 
add greatly to the advantai^es of this 
maritime and commercial country, and 
prove highly advanta^reous to the mer- 
chant, the ship-owner, and the under- 

Mrs. Wesley. 
Dec.^S, In Nottingham-street, Mary- 
le-bone, in her 97th year, Sarah, relict 
of the Rev. Charles Wesley, M. A. cele- 
brated for bis sacred poetry, author of upwards of 40 >ears Rector of Llanwe- 
the well-known hymn, '* Jesus, lover of nanh, co. Monmouth, being presented 

suffering acutely for six hours, he sank 
beneath the stroke, anticipating his re- 
ward. A widow and two infant children 
survive to deplore their loss. 

Dec. 15. At Clifton, Rev. J. Otive, 
Curate of St. Paul's, Bristol, who, finding 
himself unequal to the high duties of 
his sacred profession, resigned the living 
some months since, and was succeeded 
by Rev. Mr. Bullock. Mr. Olive was 
presented to this living in 1814, by the 
Corporation of Bristol. He was a man 
of the most engagiiig manners, and his 
deal h will be long regretted by his friends. 

Jan, 4. In Bath, in his 72d year. 
Rev. Samuel Smithy upwards of 45 years 
Rector of Hardenhuish, and 40 years 
Rector of Stanton St. Quintin, Wilts; 
heing pre<;ented to the living of Harden- 
huish in 1777 hy Joseph Colborne, esq. 
and to that of Stanton St. Quintin in 
1780, hy the Earl of Radnor. He was 
an old inhabitant of Bath, and universally 
esteemed for his suavity of manners, 
and kindness to the poor. 

Jan. 9. The Rev. fVilliam Morgan^ 

my soul," and brother to the late Rev. 
Johu Wesley, M. A. She was the daugh- 
ter of Marmaduke Gwynne, Esq. of 
Garth, Brecknockshire; and was mar- 
ried, April 9, 1749, to the Rev. C. Wes- 
ley, with whom she lived in the most 
agreeable manner till her husband's 
death, March 29, 1788. One of her bro- 
thers, the late Roderick Gwynne, esq. 
was Governor of Tobago. She was a 
woman of good sense, piety, and agree- 
able accomplishments ; and devoted her 

in 1780 by the Earl of Abergavenny. 

Lately. In Russell place, Fitzroy- 
sqnare, the Rev. Edward Balme, M A. 
F.R.S. and F. S. A. and formerly Fellow 
of Magdalen College, Cambridge, where 
be took his degrees of A. B. 1775, and 
M. A. 1778. His valuable and extensive 
library will shortly be sold by auction by 
Mr. Evans. 

In Devonshire-buildings, Bath, aged 
81, Rev. David Jones. 

Aged 82, deeply lamented by his family 



. ». , » milrtobewaQtibtirlMtt^. v ;'.' '^ .'. O 

I j^t^iBa- >.,.fMi».A»<if Northtnd, . ' HAifMaaui.^JU. BUMbi. miinr ht— ■ 

BmmkmmuA* . (formerly the C]«ia0iitiiinRt(^4lbkftMtaAi)| 

uJW UU: lA»£b«llfi«tti9P''«lr0M» AaBt, Mi^SlHiiAliill. il»«««r«rkMtolb» 

jiittcfTlihliiyDwityiMq. : poor; the Ion winih«il^.Uta§.AU.: 

iteJttJ At^ HidM» Med .S&» Heory i>»^fl».. I»:MiHe%uHMtf al Jde Imm 

pIMtar^oM. . lyiifltt wpmUik, Mr. BMUvi. MbM^dT 

lAi. dUa WiliiMi WHti^ eM.. df Bo«tfaimt<iiriliBji»TWelMn.- Jbin» !»> 

Mmrinni ilwniij ewl . Cly petty iwrryif RAwioftAaideHgf^—it&i* 


aHiil — ^.liwy^ ibter of Mr> ^700, •f cherter, eged 7a» Mti. Sewb f ijwenibi 1^ 

f^emheiih*- • - . wkon ttiMiy of the poor ef ^ inhrhhwif 

I J4;: ,1ft HiMraet^ Maria iMfadUe, hood lum lost t vnbed friodL ' ; .. 

-«itt.fliJiMi M«ui> eR|. Vo».a> hi lAayihyiM^48aff|iMt w^er 

,»T|ii 9fif fWtmmm, raeof the Rer«Roh. Thompeon, of Locd George LennaK'b Immi 

.<rdili!t.lHiirhiiofBkaCidiego. of athLoDotni a.nftiihi|^.n^eotli ia 

Jtak S7. In Bedfordtnnkt m hie teth his sitoetion, and to whom hie I MtiMk 

Jpij fjiiiiii' BgttBii» I«L.P«F.R.a.'To paid the mortheoevoleBt etUntioiiwd iiU- 

^MmiiUlBbia ehianleffj who niP be lemeiii- aess daring hk loag ilbess. 

band wMb giiillirfa as loag es ihmI«] Jon* 16. AtSonihMwtai^i^Tt^fip- 

jMlMd»JeMf appweiBted»«sdiBUpeydoe ohatd MetriclB» .esq. of lUndrton H iii Me f 

Jm^MIb aoBBiMKtk near Chichester. 

>-life— tbfwiHMiBi^^JSw. 0. At Boom KjmTw*--rl>«lihfk At BeMaley, Joe* Ben* 

W, the IMhiil ■I'll af AeBertaadCoanteas dsseaoves^. of Oieet St. Helenas.;. 

dmhVhtt, At Sittingboame, aged 89, Mia..M^ 

M— itflMn*!, /an. a. At Credit^ iged Badntti amd S6» Mie. Blkbbetii Wood 1 

apj ■nashath/inothef of the Rew, lU Bed- aged 91, Mrs. Sasaanalt Giles 1 and, eM 

ibHl» Bneantor of Hriatol Gatbedral, and 8e, Mr. WUliaaa SannDer. The i^tad ligta 

4lipr nfiRndtfindand Balhampton. of thaaefonrparaoneailaoiiattoMl. • 

•-i Jbi.9b .A»0a«lidH and 7»» the raliot Jon. 7. At Hattta*» aged 17» thaaUaat 

-«f Or ltob.Cbnr, hart, of Hanpton. daa. of Rev. Robert Moore, Prebendary of 

. J)oKimniia.— -X)«c. 23. At JLangton, Caoterbury. 

aged 78yOeoige Snow^ esq. Lancashire ^-Dee, 19. Aged 19 monUia, 

* Jbn. 7* At Weymooth, aged 74, Nioho- Octavia Arabella, dau. of James A. Hodson, 

Alt Fenwielr^ esq. of Lemington. esq. M.P. ; and on Jan, 8, at Wigan, 10 

- DtiMiAM.— ^a«« 4 Aged 15, Henry, days after giving birth to a dao^ter, inker 
fifth aoo of Bryan A- bs, esq. of Cleadon- 34 th year, Sanh, wife of the above Mr. 
Jbouee. Hodson. 

Eaatx.^^i>ec« 97< At Great Bromley, Dee. €3, At Manchester, Wm. Myers, 

liestifla, wife of R. Mangles, esq. of Sun>- esq. bead dbtribntor of atamps for the Lna- 

nii^*hilL cashire district. 

Jem, 1«. At Stratford-grove, aged 86, Dee. S9. Aged 69, Mr. Edward Dadk- 

ifoa. Viikefy. worth, of the £rm of Duckworth, Clayton, 

GiXNJCBSTxasHiiiB. — In Park-row, Bris- and Thwaites, of the Eaman brewery, BUek- 

tol, die relict ef William Pine, esq. original burn. 

printer of the Bristol Gazette. Jan. 7. At Hale Hall, near Warrim^ton, 

- At Kesiflsertea, near Tewkesbory, Mrs. Anne, wife of J. Blackbume, esq. M. P. 
Ediersey, sister of Rev. D. C. Parry. dan. of Sanrael Rodbard, eaq. of Shepton 

JDte. 91. Ased 66, Mr. Robert Nay lor. Mallet, co. Somerset. She was married on the 

ef the Qasslcu Aeademy, CoQege Gre^n, 19th April 1781, at Queen-sqnare ehapd, 

Bristol, and fonneriy of Lincoln College, Ba^, to Mr. Blaekbnme, by whom she bad 

Onfank He was son of Rev. Christopher issue, two sons and two daughters. 

li sy l B r» for maay years Head-master of Lincolnshire. — Jan. 7. At Mailat 

King's CoDege, Canterbury. Deeping, aged 67, Mr. Henry Hardy. 

Jon. 9. In Bastoo-road, Bristol, aged 67, NoTTiNOHAMSHiRE^-*J^an. 3. Aged 71, 

Mr. JiteMoove, sen. a highly respectable Mr. James Taylor, of Bast Retford, 

nemher of the Society of Friends. Oxtordsbire.— Jiim. 3. At Henley-on- 

At AafatoB-eourt, aged 83, Elizabeth, re- Thames, Mrs. Lawrence. 

hetefkteM.Hoieell, esq. formerly an Al- Shropshire. — ^Aged 70, Chailea Ba^i, 

dtonan of Xnag^ienie. eeq.of Shrewsbary. 

Jia»»4« At the Rectory, Whittington, Somersetshire.— Dec. 16. At Bath, 

Aane^ te. af late Geo. Hicksy esq. MJP. wed 79, Anne-Henrietta, widow of Charles 

ef St. James's Pahteev l^uddooke, esq. M. P. 

• • • • Jav. 

1833] Bill of MoriaHty.-^Mwrkitt, Sfc-^Canal Sharei. 


Dee. 19- At Nice, aged 7, after s^hort 
Obeu, Heonr-Lsigh, yoimgest son of John 
South, esq. M.P. of filenden-hall, Kent. 

Dee. 84. At Thouars in France, occa- 
ncmed br a &]] from his horse, John Atter- 
nlf esq. late resident at Oxford ; and distin- 
guiahed during his stay in that city, by his 

ardent pursuit of erery hraaoh of physical 
science, by hb soundness of intellect and 
rariety of information, by the umform sua- 
vity and urbanity of his manners, the gene- 
ral benevolence of his disposition, and his 
exemplary practice of every domestic^ and 
every Christian virtue. 

BILL OF MORTALITY, from Dee. S5, 1823, to Jan. 21, 1823. 

Females - 826/*®^^ 

Males - 771 
Females - 823 

Whereof have died under two years old 
Salt €4. per bushel ; l^d, per pound. 

2 and 5 149 

5 and 10 63 

10 and 20 59 

20 and 30 106 

60 and 60 168 

60 and 70 147 

70 and 80 141 

80 and 90 63 

80 and 40 136 i 90 and 100 11 
40 and 60 132 100 

CORN EXCHANGE, January 20, 1823. 

The continued severity of the frost having completely interrupted the navigation of our 
river, business is almost suspended in our market, and the factors generally declined exhi- 
biting their samples, from the utter impossibility of working any com, except in a hw 
•rhere the vessels lay alongside the wharfs. 

GENERAL AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importation, 

from the Returns ending January 18. 







s. d. 

5. (/. 

5. d. 

s, d. 

s, d. 

s, d. 

40 10 

28 7 

17 6 

22 11 

26 1 

30 4 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, January 20, 365. to 405. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, January 22, 315. 6d per cwt. 


Kent Bags 2/. 

Sussex Ditto 2/. 

Essex Ditto 2/. 

2f. to 4/. 105. 
05. to 2/. 35. 

25. to SU 35. 

Kent Pockets 2/. 105. to 4Z. 15«. 

Sussex Ditto 2/. 45. to 3/. 05. 

Essex Ditto 2/. IO5. to 3/. 155. 


St. James's, Hay 4/. 05. Of/. Straw 1 Z. 1 85. Orf. Clover Al. 05. Of/. — Whitechapel, Hay 4/. 05. OJ. 
Straw 2/. 05. Of/. Clover 4/. 1 O5. — Smitlifield, Hay 4/. 05. Straw 1 /. 1 85. Of/. Clover 4/. 55. 

SMITHFIELD, January 24. To sink the Offal— per stone of Slbs. 

Lamb 05. Off. to O5. Off. 

Head of Cattle at Market Jan. 1 8 : 

Beasts 363 Calves 140. 

Sheep 4,330 Pigs 110. 

COALS, Jan. 24 : Newcastle,* 41 5. Of/, to 505. Of/. — Sunderland,* 4iB5. Of/, to 51 5. Od, 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 425. Oc/. Yellow Russia 4l5. Off. 

SOAP, Yellow 785. Mottled 865. Curd 905.— CANDLES, 85. ed. perDoz. Moulds \0s,0d. 






; 35. 

8f/. to 45. 
Ad. to 35. 
Ad. to 55. 
Ad, to 45. 





THE AVERAGE PRICES of Navigable Canal Shares and other Property, in 
(Jan. 1823, to the 19th} at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge-street, London, 
Deceased. — Grand Trunk Canal, 1999/. 195. ex Div. 37/. IO5. for the Half-year.— Coventry 
Canal, 1070/. ex Half-year's Div. 22/.— Oxford Canal, 710/. to 740/. Div. 32/. per annum. 
—•Neath, 400/. Div. 22/. 10/. per annum. — Barnesley, 200/. — Stourbridge, 200/. — Swansea, 
190/. Dhr. IQ/. — ^Peak Forest, 70/. Div. 3/. — Grand Junction, 245/. ex Half-year's Div. 6/. 
-^fonmouthshire Canal, 169/. ex Div. Al. for the Half-year. — Ditto Debentures, bearing 
Interest at 5/. per Cent. par. — Ellesmere, 64/. ex Div. 3/. — Rochdale, 65/. — Chrand Surrey, 
68/. Div. 3/. — Regent's, 47/.- — Worcester and Birmingham, 27/. Div. 1/. per annum. — 
Kennet and Avon, 19/. IO5. ex Div. 175. — Stratford, 17/. — Severn and Wye Railway, 30/. 
ex Div. — Wilts and Berks, 61. — Portsmouth and Arundel Canal, 35/. — V/est India Dock, 
186t ex Half-year's Div. 5/. — London Dock, 116/. ex Half-year's Div. 2/. 55. — Globe As- 
•ee, 185/. 105. ex Half-year's Div. 3/. — Imperial, 98/. — County, 42/.— Westminster 
Lieht Conpny, 70/.»Provident Institution, 18/. IO5. 


;entleman^$. magazine. 





■^timifbriJf SuKhpu 

TonUB „Tf » 

Waun nSultr) 

Wbitatuna. Wladi 

FEBRUARY, 1823. 


4M|iMl CmamittUtatitat. 

14 C«MUUrailMKCE. QuotMNU, (kC...9S 

■wl I-*tUn of dw Duke of Buckingbwn 99 
MWritiaaof theAutKorof WhciIcj ioo 
uti« of 3ie Ixe Eanliquike in Srcia . . , ii. 
KHUc'aPaetni.-GeogrBpn^af chaEuth IDS 

dote* of tbe late Dr. JeuDcr. ICM 

DOtofSt-Nicholu'i Church, Live^ion] 105 

iBt and Modern Livcrpnol cmtruud ib. 

•ricsl Notice) of London Worthies. ...108 

lint uf Cfclopeu Aichitectnre 109 

vtioBuf'HurKlreil.' 1 1 g.-The MemcLt I is 

u Buh foond It F>iley, WiluUre ib. 

la MutibLlit; i^ Nb^odhI Gnndeur , . . 1 1 4 
giu Vrugtett ol tlie Cholera Morbua .lit) 
>eun oflVuions, I IP.— J. Symes. ...ISO 

acxnuyof Debts due to the Ctuwn ib. 

^tecticc of Deodnaiis defended 1!1 

M>n, No. VIU.— Old Scotch Music ii« 

lIusdiHHld OD Pclal Attnction lis 

thudChincteiof Amot Green 134 

^MwtiDp. las.-OjimailerKteRebnn ltd 
>■ Oiisin Mid PurpiKet uf Stnoelieoge 1 ST 
liBtrdcii>'IUte«.-Lidies'HBadwTitiog ISO 
m^iit to Dr. Tftte in Mafrdolen College 1^3 
1 ^AlHje, lS3.-~LaDd»l lDterctt....l84 
iWation of dMiictl Name) in EugliihlS4 

atntrm of jUtM #ublitarlan#. . - ii 

MiM Hwkim'a Awodo«w' 187 1 

Thompwn'i Hilton of HaTCUnnM ISSH 

Uofikla'a Topog. Dletlomj riYoikabin. 14 
Worthionon'sSennons.-Guapels vindicated 14. 

Hotden on tho Book of Ecclniasles 14. 

Scholelield'i Leltef u> the Earl of Liverpool 14. 
Stroud's Bnunj.~Mn. C^>pe'a Memoin . 14i 
Ijfeof LurdB)iDii.--OutliD» of CharuMr 14911 

Ci^iUln Formu on the Tidei ISl I 

Sluk on Classical LiKnilure ISS I 

Ni^l«na'a Memoin nf France ie4 I 

>iiape's Lifeof Dr. Darwin 167 I 

The Liberal, No. IL-London Liberal, &c.&e. 1 59 I 
LtTeHAnYlNTELi.iGiNCE.-NewFublicatioiu.lSO I 


Proceedingsiopteaent Session of Pirliimentie 

riaDiotioni, &c.— Births uid Ma[riii£e>.....17B 

OsiTUARVi with Memoin of Dr. Jenneri 
Dr. Richard Wooddeion; ViicounletaHar- 
berton ; Lady' C. S. T, Long i Chatlea 
Young, Eaq.i S. Thorp, E«|.i Mr. T, 
West; Mr. T. Gaicoigoe, &c. &c 179 

Bill of Mortality.— Prices of Markets 

Meteoiological Table.— Pricel of Stocla. 



t : 

■■•I '•• I 


JB^PRUAIiy, 1823. 

I ' 

■ V . • •' ■ 

X)iLI(9IVAL LbTT»^ of aE»E DmLB OP BuC|CIyGSA^. 

Ifr. Urbaw, Fe6. 11. into the Tnoope; for I am retolueil, 

AS " Peveril of ther Peak/* the last whatsoeuer it coat mee, to see that not 

Novel of*' the Great Unknown/^ any one of them shall hee a looser for 

"- wiH piobably make moat of the read- hauing had a desire to serue under my 

cfi ct it (and who reads not his noyels?) command. This I am soe positioe 

Ibd an iaterest in any thing relating to and soe earnest in» that I desire yOa 

the aoeomplished and versatile Dnke not to faile to giqe mee an account of 

^ Biickiogfaam» so admirably there it with all the speede you can, at yoo 

Minealedy I trust I need make no haiie a mind to oblige 

f^Milogy for transmitting to you the Your most entirely 

aooompimyin^ Letters. They are tran- affectionate friend, 

•pribea verbstim et literatim from the Buckingciaic. 

Cffginala in my possession. How they Addressed " For Franck Tunstall, 

cunt amo&g my papers, may be ac* these.'' 

eoonted for by the circumstance of . 

aqr l«mily'a having intermanied with _, _ " ^ 

a icVintall of Wydiffe, about the pe- Franck Tunstai.l, dug. 4, IfiSO, 

liod when they vre^e written. The I DESIRE you imed^atly to goe to 

former one 1 thmk not devoid of inte- Helmsley, and giue order there how 

rest, as it shows that the gay and pro- things may bee prepared for the re- 

fligate author of the "Rehearsal'* was mooual of my stud into that place 

not devoid of honourable and gentle- against our Ladyday next. You are 

manly fed ings. Tt*-Q- *^^^ to giue mee an account of my 

Owthrop ^^^""^ *" ^^^ parke, and how my woods 

DsARx Frajick, September 2S *^® looked after through the whole 

THE order 1 received for the dis- "tanner. Pray also giue mee an ac- 

banding my troope, putt mee into soe f«""^ ^\ "^^ 1"°^^^ S^"^^-. ^1 ^«r ^^^ 

greate a trouble, that I was not then ^^J^'' ^ ^**^J °«^ question but you 

able to say any thing to you ; but now )?»" ^,^^ that for vour owne sake, and 

that I have eijded my morall reflections ^^ ^^^f ^^^ ^^^'P» ^^^^^^ you are 

upon it, I am more at liberty to write ^ ^""^^^ 1^^% u 

to yon about it: and considering that iJeare t«ranck, 

sei^rall of those that rid in my troope ^ ^°^ ^"^''^7 y<^""' 

are at present not only out of employ- xJucKiwroHAM. 

mcnt, but perhaps in a worse condi- Addressed "For Mr. Francis 

tion than tney were before, by reason Tunstall." 

bf the charae they haue beene at to ♦ 

putt themselues into equipage, I de- M""* Urban, Feb. 6. 

nre you to sonde mee a list of euery TVT^ ^^^^^ ®^ ^^^ present age would 

doe of tbcire names, afad of the place** -^^ Jo»n more decidedly than I 

where they line, that I may, as spone should m condemning anjr brother 

^ I.iuis* able, out of niy owne stock, sufficiently arrogant or fastidious to 

' bat uem in as good a condition at allege a sin of commission against " the 

kjttt ail they were before they came 9^^^ Unknown," who breathes into 

■■■ " I ■ ; . . ^ — . moulds, seemingly cast by a Fielding, 

* fie ffffx ^eqrad here so as to be il- sentiments apparently suggested by a 

k^mp. Shakspeare. I now, ^Dwever, venture 


Earth^KiUmm'Sfria^MiUMuit**: MMom 


'..9ym^' Ptieatinei and :Egypt, Ai4. 
pfauset ikat of late have beca much 
vidirA by EogjiA imvellert« abd oar. 
history infonns tis, it was well known 
looarcoantrynien duriDstheGrusades^ 
then, the^ left behind them a charac- 
ter for valour, though their object was 
a mistaken one ; and since, they have 
established their character a^ain for 
valour, united with generosit^r and 
liberal feelings. I need only hint at 
the siege of Acre. 
The name and character of an £n- 

Sithman is known and acknowledged 
feodgh Natolia, to Grand Cairo ; from 
Smyrna, and ev^ry port and place of 
commerce, to Alexandria; familiarized 
to the inhabitants and respected ; and 
|)€rhap6 there never was a period in 
oar hittCHTjr piore favourable, to confirm 
and establish it, than the present mo^ 
ment: the passing events — the views 
they lead to** the effect they may have 
-^all conspire to fix on our minds an 
imjuresMon not easy to be removed. 

To maintain that ascendancy of 
good opinion we possess — of ability 
and character as a Nation, a Chrbtian 
Government and a commercial people^ 
k an object impressive and laudable ; 
we have much to preserve by it in 
future consequences, and much to 
gain by it at the present time ; and 
with these impressions deeply felt, 1 
would re8j>ecttully add a hope, that 
the City of London, the twelve great 
Companies, the Docks, &c. &c. would 
take into consideration the deplorable 
state of so interesting a country to our 
feelings as Christians, to our interest 
as the first commercial body in the 
world ; and that the relief begun, may 
be carried on to justify the sentiments 
held of us, and which affords the most 
pleasing effect to oui recollections ; 
and that those whose watchful care 
protects our commerce with our fleets, 
will have such a compact, well-regu- 
lated souadron in the Levant, as shall 
establisn our claims in reality to be 
the most judicious and the most bene- 
volent nation in Europe ; a character 
I see no reason why we may not aspire 
to; for it is public virtue that produces 
pobUc prosperity. T. Walters. 

Mr. Urbait, Feb. 14. 

1.AM anxious to draw your attention, 
and that of your numerous readers, 
to a pleasing little publication just put 
krto my hands, entitled '*Bk»8oiiis» 

by Rebeft MtUhoofe/ connitiag «f . 
several very interettinji; tonnela. ■ : 4 

Short and umple as is the oiMi8tnie» 
tioD of the Sonnet^ and numerous aar 
have been the tribes of Sonneteers in. 
every age and nation where poetry faai' 
been admired; yet (as was the com- 
plaint of a writer* upwards of a ceo^ 
tnry ago» and there is almost as jiftst 
Ibundation for it even now) " what- a 
world of itisipid productions in thw 
kind have Vre been pestered with 1ft 
And the reason the same writer veiy. 
prooerly assigns, namely, that it fo^ 
eeeds in a great Aeasure firom a wrong 
notion of the nature of these little 
compositions. Conducted like the 
£pigram, the winding up or peint 
should turn upon some moral or^deli^ 
cate idea; and this, when wrought 
up as it should be with the utmost 
nicety and regularity, with an exact 
purity of style, andf an elegant -and 
easy flow ot numbers, cannot fail to 
produce a moral efiect upon the mind 
of the reader. Thus far I have eonai^ 
dered only the design of the SonneC I 
will now consider the materimU necea-' 
sary'for its composition. In a long 
poem, a drama, or even an ode, tlighc 
irregularities and deviations, nay, even 
prosaic expressions n^y be overlook-- 
ed ; but in the Sonnet, the smallest 
blemish, ** like a flaw in a jewel," de- 
teriorates the whole value of it. A 
Sonnet is like "an image in enamel;" 
it requires all those delicate finish- 
ing strokes, which on a larger fignre 
would be thrown away, where the 
strength and boldness of a masterly 
hand give all the grace. Now, by 
every test contained in the above re- 
marks, I conceive, if the little work 
which now claims your attention, be 
tried, it will, I think, stand the se- 
verest ordeal. 

A few brief particulars of the au- 
thor's birth, lineage, and early educa^ 
tion, by his own brother, embodied by 
his kind biographer in this sketch, are 
thus given : 

Robert Millhouse was born at Not- 
tingham, Oct. 14, 1788, and was the 
second of ten children. The poverty 
of his parents compelled them to put 
him to work at the age of six years ; 
and when ten, he was placed in a 
stocking- frame. He had been con- 
stantly sent to a Sunday School, till 
about the last-mentioned age ; when 

* Addisoo; 

a re- 


IMPO ^ Ok m t^ lki ^ qf te IW Jj k iMuM tm 

dMtvSkUlvft ■ 111 viMk,' dikHiKttdd «^y ^ ediMU 

Ai ftMi Jl prm ^-1 uic riKO^ and tfhtfH ifiy^a^ UkMrid dOdiiif^ lo (# 

iHl Atrtinnj ttib ui« < moko; tadf dtWtn by a ttmrdi tw6 <it tbrte fhMi^ 

iMdf It Ml M^ ^ 1 DTOtidai^ irad mifay kad itnd tMir fnnipfailrt 

ted WiM& dsdtL , jktnd mtUif or cn^ iil teftity on loidl « WM^ 

Wkk fksA BoinMdiiaMf iktidniht bf Aarti u c^ixkitAj (M^ 6hSdit 1^ 

Aidr dUu^t bmhrefa, aid oHhe pro- yWld thfe MeH df jprobafelli)^ ; liid ft 

doct of diitaiit coantHes. Hie coin- is eqdHlly ioibhibltble, that lilhfer t^ 

plde •emuratioh ot these two .worlds biirbaTolib tntiilbitatits of Lkij^kklid'^ 

DM ib all agies aflMed matter for soe- Kams^hatka, wtthbiii ildiiefn^ Hih^ 

eolation an? controversy, as to the beasts or reptifek» Aboukl ha^, ln&Wll| 

peoolin^ of the latter, and storing it their way tneris dtht the M,' (Mr Ift 

witn animals, and perhaps this Gorman rndely eonstnieted vesseb bjr.navlgAi 

knot may never be antied. If Noah's tion ; it rfcmains^ then, that We shottm' 

flood waa nniversd, and LtHink^ from wei^ with eircnmspeciion . PlahA 

Mnekianoes and discoveries upon dif^ rfccoided tradition of the itfaiid AtlatH 

leieni parts of ^he globe, it eattiyot tis, of great extetat^ and Vtr wmhiik 

now be doubted : attd if noiie btkt ttidre jsatis&ctlon may not ne d^iVdl 

Noah and his family, ahd th^ beasts of fhmi that toArce. May ndt thb shdM 

tbii fietd and fdwis bf the aih, thai of thbM vast dbhtiiients, Co theNoTA 

Were with them in lb6 ark* Wefe ptt- ot* Gibraltar, havti hd^ Wholly d# pal* 

feirfed sdive afUr that ciatastrophe, tially icbnnectedf ahd itUy thcj^ Mt 

tiow came this iiew world to be peopled, havts cohtiftltfed sb, till ^ralMtito; 

and irtocked with animals of soch infi^ after the flcMd, ¥M ftatlsd ih IMM 

niUvariety.uid.sfiuted to every climate? distant t^gibns a he^Ml^ {kito)sbriioA 

Whether the Phoepiciaos, according bf int^n atod beasUi^ as bcsil stiitfed 16 

to PialD and Aristotlei first discovered ^ their cftoie^ tihA Vmttifit ; feiid niajr hkH 
it; m whether the Tyrians or Sido- ikifh the pHtel^At tippiUHxm 6f ^(^ 
jDMhUL ihmons '< for passing the sea ;'' tinetital dlvi^ioi^ tij^n ^€ (k&t 'tf t&fe 
lor whether the Ganhi^inians firom ei6be> have been otdaihed, a^ biffttj^ 
Africa, olr the Kamichatkans frbm Asia, suited to tk6 fbtur^ bperatibUft \}{ iOiia^ 
ia not siifficientlT certain ; nor do th4 kind ? A donvblsiote ih ^i eiiklh^ %l 
elaborate treatise^ iinderiaken to provb siiikiiig the surfacie^ or othter ihfeaiA bf 
it, by the different manners and cus- Almignty choice mijght have eff<h^M 
toms, coinciding sometimes with the it: and the irregular line of ^hore^ 
practices of these several nations, throw w nether On the A metican dr EUropeaia 
much light upon the subject; nor yet side, with the interme<1iate i^s, seem 
die resemblance between the picture- to sanction such a sinking; (or tHb 
writing of the Mexicans^ and the wholeof the great Southern cohtinenta 
^Eoyptian hieroglyphics, or yet the of A mi^rica and Africa afford nb siJich 
Chinese characters; for such seem to appearances. The formation of thfe 
be the natural result of necessity, and straits of Dover hzn been probably 
alpnost inevitable suggestions — such as effectefd by such a convulsion ; fbr the 
a Hawk sr^ifying swiftness, a Croco- appearance of the diff . will not allow 
dile signifying revenge — ^the right hand of its being formed by thfe Svash- 
opea signifymg plenty, and the left ing away of li<»;hter mattier ; the ri- 
band rfiat Si^ifVing secority and pos- Vistence on both sides, viz. bhalk and 
^session. Add wugh the Peruvians, fli'nt, beitig the same. Such likewise 
like the Kamschatkah^, did bans their may have been the case at Gibraltar^ 
d^d tVpon trees — yet, did the Meii- Sicily, and Babelmandfcl. Now, Sir, 
cans in sorrow rend their clothes like if the matter, from being alike on each 
the llebreVs ; and there is equal diffi- side these lesser openings, be an argu- 
cidty in showing how this country be- men't of a broken stratum by some 
came so plenteously stored with qua- natural convulsion, why may we not, 
drupeds and reptiles. Horses, indeed, by analogpQs reasoning, feel such a 
were not found there, upon the arrival conviction in respect of the greater 
of the Spaniards under Columbus, openingbetween Europe and America? 
hot rein-deer and mastiffs were used and more particularly so, as it serves 
• in then* stead. to enlarge our ideas of the omniscience 
Now, it does not appear that any and omnipotence of the Divine Being. 
thing aatisfisietory concerning the peo- The fossil, which we call coal, ranges 
~ ; of America eah be demiced mm from North-east to South-west. It is 
rie ^dHKft ; for, to sttpjk)se thtit found ih Sweden, Brabant, Germany, 



1893.] Ancient and Modern Liverpool. 105 

Mr. Urbav, Liverpool, Feb. 1. some, cover tlie defects of the archi- 

TIIE annexed engraving is a vie^v 'ectural works we know not, but i» 

of St. Nichofas's durch, Li- will nrobably assist The interior o. 

veipooU and the surrounding buildings ^^ Church has also been repevyed, 

(s^Piaie LJ It was token from and new galleries have been built. 

Man's Island, in the year 1741, by I"? ^^'^ C*^"^^^ ^^'^'^ ""'^ .\fe^ 

Mr. R. Wright, a nafive of Liverpool. &^ monumentsj amongst which we 

Th£ origiiiaf painting, which is iiTmy P^y mention one of Mrs. Clayton. It 

ponemoD, is about 18 inches by 13. » executed in statuary marble: the 

ffiTwith five others, Wright paint- composition is a female figure seated, 

cd iD oil for his Shoemaker. The ^^»i*^ ^n urn; expressive of ^rief. This 

Shoemaker'a son gave the i^ainting to monument was erected at tlie expense 

nc about twenty years ago. This art- ?^ h^r daughter, Sarah Clavton There 

lit arriyed to gr^t eminence, and be- }f ^^f a monument erected to her hus- 

came a mem&r of the Royal Acade- ^and, Wm. Clayton, esq. of t ulwood, 

IDT in 1760 ^^* Lancaster, M. P. 

In the site here represented there . The living of St. Nicholas, which 

hH beea a wonderful change. In- ^^^ C^^-acy* '^ ^f^ .^^»^^ the Rectory 

daed we have nothing left bSt a few ^J^^- Peters, and is in the gift of the 

Houses built of stone, obtained from M^y^^ ^"^ Corporation of Liverpool, 

the ancient Castle. These old Houses S^o»" 1794 presented it to bam. 

are now the only remains we have of Renshaw, M. A. the present Curate, 

die Seventeenth Century, at the end Yours, &c. M. G. 

of which Liverpool became a parish. ^ 

Thje exterior of the Old Chapel of Ancieht amd Modern Liverpool. 
St. Nichdas, as it formerly stood, is ,^ ,. jy. «„ , 
praumed to have been buill soon after COnUznuedfrom p. 23 J 
tlie Couquest. The walls were taken ^^^^ Town tn 1821 ajid I70I, present- 
down, apd the roof removed in the «wg « contrast between the Corona- 
year 1774, when they were rebuilt tions of George II L and George IK 
anderthe direction of Joseph Brooks, 'T^HREESCORE years have rolled 
esq. It formerly had an open ceiled X by since the last Coronation was 
roof, the joints of which were covered solemnized in this country : a period 
with deal boards, upon which was crowded with the most stupendous 
punted a representation of the firma- events, and during which Great Bri- 
ment. The interior, however, was tain has played the most conspicuous 
not then disturbed, save the ancient character on the theatre of the world, 
masrive Gothic pillars and arches, and filled it with the fame of her re- 
which were substituted by the pre- iiown. The venerated Sovereign, who 
sent lighter pillars. A spire was add- during sixty eventful years, swayed the 
€d to the 0/0 /0M?fr of this Church in British sceptre, now sleeps with his 
174() ; but it fell down 1 1 th February, ancestors, and the wcidit of empire 
1810, just before the beginning of di- has devolved ujjon the snoulders of his 
vine service; of which very melancholy son, who entered upon a solemn coin- 
accident see a particular account, vof. pact with his people, surrounded by 
i-xxx.parti. p. 147. A beautiful Gothic the flower of England's nobility, by 
tower and spire have since been erect- all that is venerable for wisdom, illus- 
edbyThos. Harrison, esq. Architect, trious for virtue, celebrated for naval 
Compelled to contract its height from or military achievement, splendid for 
the circumstance of twelve heavy hells talent, and gorgeous and imposing in 
being erected in the tower, the Ian- gothic and chivalrous institutions, 
thom is not so lofty as could have Such a period forms an epoch in our 
been wished; but the structure unites history. It offers an elevated station 
the essentials of strength, use, and in the route of time, whence we may 
I'eauiy, and is highly worthy of its take a retrospect of the brilliant career 
distinguished architect. In the East wliich our country, in the preceding 
window, where there was no inter- age, has run among the nations of 
riiptiontothcdisplay of Gothic ^TflZf/y, Europe. \Vc may also mark tlic pro- 
. we regret to find a miserable attempt gress she has made in territory and po- 
by a different artist. How fiir the pulation, in commerce and agriculture, 
p.iinted glass may, in the opinion of in arts and arms. Such a retrospect 
Gent. Mac. FeVruary, I82.i. would 



Ancient and Modern Liverpool contrasted. 


with the increase of the commerce of 
the port, if we estimate them now at 
only guOO, we shall not, we think, ex- 
ceed the truth ; and thus we shall have 
A permanent and Jloating population of 
.above 160,000 souls ! 

The contrast presented by the com- 
merce of the town at tiie two periods 
calculated still more excite astonish- 
ment, To begin with the number of 
shipping. In I761 the number of 
shipa that entered the port was 1319 : 
in 1890-21 (the accounts are made up 
to fiva each year) it was 7810 ; exhi- 
biting an increase of 6493, as com- 
pared^ with the former period. The 
anuwnt of the dock-duties in 1761 was 
23821. Os. 2d, : in 1820 and 1621 it was 
94,556/. Qs. Id. Increase 92,174/. Ss. 
lid. This comparison of the amount 
of dock dues received at the two pe- 
riods is perfectly fair; but the com- 
parison of the number of ships, de- 
ceptions. Those used in commerce in 
1761, were, with some few exceptions, 
not so bulky as those used at present. 
If, therefore, we would ascertain the 
tonnage of the 1319 vessels which en- 
tered the port that year, and could 
compare it with the tonnage of the 
7810 which entered in 1820-1821, it 
would, there is no doubt, prodigiously 
swell the actual amount of the present 
state of the port. Unfortunately we 
cannot ascertain this factj the amount 
of tonnage having been published since 
the commencement of the present cen- 
tury only. 

The increased accommodalion for 
shipping, by the increase of docks 
since 176I, is the next subject which 
forces itself upon our notice. It has, 
it will be seen, kept pace with 
the progressive increase 01 the com- 
merce of the port. In 1 76 1 there were 
three wet docks and two basins co- 
vering an area of about 18 acres. At 
the present time there are six wet 
docks and six basins, covering an area of 
63 acres, three roods, 20 perches ; and 
forming a sea wall of above a mile and 
a half m length. This is certainly a 
gigantic increase of dock-room in 60 
years; but the docks of 1761 cannot 
bear any thing more than a numeri- 
cal comparison with those of the pre- 
sent day. The structure of the ancient 
docks was comparatively rude ; they 
were liable to rapid decay, and had 
merely clumsy draw-bridges, on the 
Dntch plan, thrown over the entrances. 
But the modern docks are constructed 
upon the most in) proved principles of 

mural architecture. They arc as sub- 
stantial as human art and ingenuity 
can make them : their gates, thougu 
comparatively light, are strong and 
compact; and the whole has a soli- 
dity and magnificence of appearance, 
equalling, if not surpassing, those of 
any similar structures in the world. 
The Prince's dock, opened on th« 
Coronation-day, is a matchless speci- 
men of mural architecture, and i« 
unique in having lock gates. 

As connected with this part of the 
contrast, we may point out the im- 
mense ranges of lofty, substantial, and 
capacious warehouses, built along the 
dock quays and other parts of the 
town. Inese are all the creation of 
the last 20 or 30 years, and none of 
those existing in 1761 in any respect 
equalled them. 

We shall now proceed to contrast 
the princii)al public structures which 
exist at present. We shall divide them 
into eight classes, viz. structures for 
religious worship; for charitable uses; 
for civic and judicial purposes; for 
business; for literature, politics, and 
the arts ; for pleasure ; for public uti- 
lity and accommodation ; and for con- 

First, to begin with structures de- 
voted to religious worship. In 1761, 
there were four Churches, St. Nicho- 
las *, St. Peter, St. George, and St. 
Thomas. At the present period there 
are not less than 22; some of them, 
particularly those erected within the 
last few years, matchless specimens of 
architectural taste and beauty. In 
l/til there were about seven dissent- 
ing meetings; at this time there are 
26 ; several of which are uncommonly 
spacious, and form distinguished orna- 
ments of the town. It is here worthy 
of remark, that the number of churches 
and chapels bear nearly the same nu- 
merical proportion to each other now, 
as they bore in 1761. The balance 
is clearly on the side of the Churches ; 
from which we are inclined to infer, 
that much of the apprehension respect- 
ing the progress of dissent in the pre- 
sent day is imaginary. 

Second, structures for the purposes 
of Charity. In 1761 these consisted 
of the Blue Coat Hospital, the Infir- 
mary, and the Seaman's Hospital. 
They were brick buildings, with lit- 
tle ornament. We have now, in ad- 

* Engraved In ourpressniNarober, see p. 


' t8t5.] Rtmaiiu of Qichpean jirchUtfture. lOJ) 

hMM of Fhmbarda, aboot a mile and matiy others) on Literature and Liter 

■ Iwlf front the Choich at Cold Norton, rarj Charactcn, dariog a great porUoD 

StK John Saltbk, Kdl Iiord Mayor of the last century. 

ofLondon in 1740, re-built the manor. (^o le conlinutd.) 

boote of Warden Hall, and much im- ^ 

proved the roads about it He was also , " 

(benefactor to the Churches of Wil- Mr.URBiw, Rb. 5. 

lingehall Don and Willingehall Spain ff N the firat Number of the " Ency^ 

in this county, harioK built a neat m. clopxdia of Antiquities,'' Mr. Fos' 

■od spAcions ^Uerf m each. This broke has ^iren a Chapler on Cyclo- 

ntate afterwards passed to William pcan Architecture*. He does not ap- 

Mills, Esq. whose father obtained it pear to have seen a Report made by ths 

in marriage with Selina, daughter of French Institute in 1810, relative ta 

ibe above-named Sir John Sailer. Cyclopean Remains; and as the Report 

Sm JoHjT Allen, Alderman of ennmerales many other si ructurea not 
London, occupied Bryce's in 1515, noticed by Mr. r. I beg you to give 
DOW a griod old house about a mile and insertion to an abstract of it. 

halfhoulh-cast of Kelvedon Church. la IBOl the following set of queries 

The Church at Leyton must nol be was printed, and copiously circulated 

omitted, as it contains a marble cablet to among the learned of all nations, as 

ihememoryofMr.WiLLiAMBowifER, pointing out ihcjirecise objects of the 

citizen of London, a learned and euii- rescatches of the French Institute ; 

nent Printer, whose life has been 1. In what parts of Greece and 

written by the present worthy and Italy do we find inclosurea, or ancient 

Tcnerable Editor of this Magazine, walls, constructed of large blocks of 

who was his apprentice, partner, and stone, hewn ioto the form of paralle- 

succeuor, and at whose charge the lograms, and arranged in horizontal 

tablet was erected; and whom tile layers, without cement? 

writer of this article felt a pleasure in 3. In what parts of Greece and 

seeing within the present month pre- Italy do we find similar walls con- 

sidiDg in the Court of the Stationers' stiucted of lai^e blocks of stone, hewn 

Company, of which he has been so into irregular polyhedra, and what waa 

long and eflicient a member, in the the nature of the erections, which an- 

plenitude of health and vigour, nnd c lent authors, in speaking of (he walls 

possessing those retentive faculties of Argos, Mycenrc, and Tyrinthia, 

which has 'enabled him to benefit the have designated by the name of the 

public by his interesting work (amongst works of tlie Cyclops t? 

• Mr. Fostiroke ihu? describe! llio general chargcter ofllii! Cjelopcan style : 
" ImintDse blocks without ctmeiit, and tlio\^h the walls ate now Irregular, horn smaller 
■tana, which filltd up the intentictB, having disappeared, jet they were once in compact 

Ci/clapcaii Styles. 

Sm Mr. Hunlllon's division of tlie Cjclopeaa St;1ea into fou 
XV. p. aao.— Tirjos ia the earliest known specimen, and the ni 

t The Cyclops were an ancient people, whose history is enveloped in tJie thickset fkble. 
Tbcy escallcd in the arts ; and being succeeded by i;eaerations that wcrs almost wholly 
inoiMIt of them, their worki uere regarded aa of mure than hnmin production. Hence 
ihe aacients, when they intended to speil of walls of extraordinary atrsagth, wkI fortremes 
which ut wu aurposed to liave made inpregoable, called thein tbe wurlu of the Cyclops : 



Remains of Cyclopean ArehiUeture. 


rs of the French anny in Spain, 
. Brianchon, a lieutenant of artil- 
, has transmitted some observations 
the walls of Toledo. The founda- 
tions seem to be- Cyclopean ; the su- 
tructure is composed of square 
nes ; and the whole is surmounted 
brickwork. It is already well known 
t the walls of Tarragona are con- 
itnicted in a similar manner ; and it 
ii remarkable that Livy, when speak- 
VDig of the walls of Saguntum, charac- 
terises by the word coftnenia, the irre- 
gular form of the construction of part 
of the walls which he supposes to be 
tery ancient. The Frencn antiqua- 
ries think it of the utmost importance 
that these inquiries should be prose- 
cuted in Spain, because that country 
was known to the Pelasgiaus of Za- 
cynthos two hundred years before the 
nm of Troy, although it was very 
litUe known to the Helleni iu the 
days of Strabo. 


The learned are once more indebted 
ta Mr. Dodwell for some valuable in- 
formation on the subject of Grecian 
Antiquities. Accurate drawings of the 
walb of the cities of Argos, Tyrinthia, 
and above all, of Lycosurae, the most 
ancient ciUr of Arcadia, were much 
wanted. A particular degree of inte- 
rest was attacned to the ruins of this 
city, as it was the metropolis of those 
Arcadian setders, who constructed the 
most ancient towns of Italy, accord- 
ing to Dionysius of Halicarnassus. The 
drawings and details transmitted by 
Mr. Dodwell prove, that in the ram- 
parts of the city of the Lycosuri, there 
are two kinds of Cyclopean architec- 
ture, the one more «incient than the 
other, and that there are other walls 
in the same place, which seem to 
have belonged to a period when the 
Cyclopean construction was no longer 
in use. The same learned traveller 
has taken the present occasion to add 
to the list of Cyclopean structures al- 
ready known, the ramparts of the 
towns of Elatea, Ithaca, Annphissa, 
Leucados, and Stymphalos. Finally, 
by way of answer to the first question 
put by the class, he has named the 
ruins of eighteen cities of the Pelo- 
ponnesus, in the walls of which he 
nas only observed the construction in 
parallelogram blocks of the second age 
of the Greek antiquities. 


M. Fourcade, French commissary 
in the Archipelago, has observed some 

ruins in the Island of Caudia (formerly 
Crete), which he thinks are Cycla« 
pean. They are the top of a moun- 
tain, on which was situated the an- 
cient citadel of Cydonia. History will 
render this fact extremely probable in 
the opinion of those who know to 
how remote a period we may refer the 
settlement of the Telchines in Crete, 
and their subsequent return into Bee* 
tia, where, according to Pausanias^ 
they erected monuments. The Tel- 
chines and the Cyclops were one and the 
same people, according to the best critics. 
M. Fourcade also observed the Cy- 
clopean architecture in the walls of 
the ancient Cytherea, in the island of 
Cerigo, and m the village adjoining 
the walls of the ancient temple of the 
Phoenician Venus : he saw that ruins 
of this kind were surmounted by other 
ruins in rectangular parrallelpgram 
stones, as elegant in composition as 
those which composed the tomb of 
Atreus, at Mycenae. The same ar- 
rangement of the two kinds of build- 
inglias been observed in the walls of 
Melos, by M. Jassaud, another French 
commissary, who has also transmitted 
drawings on the subject. 


Dr. Chandler has noticed, under the 
appellation of incertum, the Cyclopean 
walls which confine the bed of the 
Caister, near Ephesus. M. Le Che- 
valier has also published some obser- 
vations on the above two kinds of Cy- 
clopean building in the walls of Prusa, 
in Bithynia. He has also given, in 
his travels in Troas, the engraviuff of 
a tumulus of the same construction. 
Monuments of the same kind have 
been discovered by M. Gropius, on 
one of the summits of Mount Sipyla, 
near Smyrna, in the ruins of two ci- 
ties, and of several tumuli ; some of 
Cyclopean construction, and others 
of parallelogram blocks. The distant 
period to which we ought to ascribe 
the origin of these two cities, seems 
already confirmed by the parallel, of 
tumuli of a different construction, but 
corresponding respectively to the two 
different systems of the construction 
of the ramparts of these cities. One 
of these tombs was 300 feet in cir- 
cumference, and its height is propor- 
tioned to this base. 

M. Cousinery, commissary in the 
Levant, communicated a letter of 
M. Tricon, a French antiquary, set- 
tled at Smyrna. This gentleman, on 
pursuing tne discoveries made by M. 


i: . 


The MerrkkSs-^Roman Bath at Farley, Wilts. 


towns; but merely families or home- 
steads, many single houses in Wales 
being denominated Velindrev, Mill- 
town 5 Ucheidrev, High-town ; Trev 
Ithel, Ithel's-town J Tre (or Tre?) Ma- 
docy MadocVtown, &c. ; synonimous to 
which in that language is the word 
B6d, a dwelling; as E^organ, Mor- 

fin's dwelling; B6dvair and Bddvari, 
lary's dwelling, and others. In the 
laws of Hy wet dd& we are told that 
pedair rhandir a vydd yn nihob trev ; 
y tair yn gyvanuedd, a'r bedwaredd yn 
borva i'r tair, '* there arc four shares of 
land to every homestead * ; the three 
inhabited, and the fourth as msture to 
the three ;*' so that besides the dwell- 
iiiffs and their appurtenances, a portion 
otpasture land was allowed in com- 
mon to three of them. It would be 
matter of curious enquiry, if "the sin- 
gular huts" which Sir Richard con- 
ceives to be the remains of British 
houses were counted with reference to 
this subject. 

Having been lately occupied in 
making references to the families for- 
merly settled in Radnorshire and He- 
refordshire, I take this opportunity of 
asking whether any of your Corres- 
pondents know whether there exists 
^ny portrait of Sir Gelly Mericke, who, 
adnering to his generous patron, the 
Earl of Essex, suffered with that No- 
bleman in the reign of Elizabeth? He 
possessed by grant from thai Queen 
Wigmore Castle and its domains in 
Herefordshire, and in rightof his wife 
had lands at Glades try and Nantme- 
lin in the county of Radnor. He bore 
for arms : Gules, two porcupines in 
pale Araent. Or any of his father 
Rowland Meurick, Bishop of Bangor 
in 1559; orofhisgrandfatherMeuricab 
Llewelyn, Esquire of the body to King 
Hcniy VlII. or of his cousin John 
Mericke, Bishop of Man in 1570, who 
died in Yorkshire ? Or any one of Sir 
John Meiick, ambassador from James 
I. to the Court of Muscovy, who 
brought abont the 6rst commercial 
treaty with that country, and who bore 
for arms: Azure, a fess wavy Ai^ni, 
in chief two mullets pierced of the 
field Or; and whose niece married 

* That TVer s^ified a homestead, or 
dwelling, u dear trom the follovring Welsh 
adag«, Nid trev ond nev, ** There b no 
dwelliDg-pUce but Hearen." 

(vKirr* Mao. February, 1 839. 

Sir John Ramsden of Yorkshire ? 
Or of Sir William Merick, Judge of 
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
who was kuighted by King Charles II. 
His arms were, quarterly, 1st and 4th, a 
chevron between three lions rampant; 
2nd and 3rd, the coats of two heiresses 
married to two of his ancestors. 

As it might otherwise |>uzzle Eng- 
lish heralds, I will just o[)serve, that 
the marks of filiation have not been 
used till late years in Wales, but that 
the more antient English custom of 
second sons taking different coats from 
those of their elder brothers was the 
general mode of designating a separate 

Any information procured through 
your Publication of this, will greatly 
oblige S. R. M. 

Mr. Urban, Stourhead, Feb. 2. 

THE site of the once celebrated 
Castle at Farley, the residence 
of the ancient family of Hungerford, is 
too well known to require any local 
description. Gibson, in his ediVion of 
Camden, mentions the discovery of a 
Roman pavement at this place, part of 
which was taken up and deposited in 
the Ashmolean Museum, at Oxford ; 
but from the recent discovery of a Ro- 
man bath in the most perfect preserva- 
tion (see Plate IL)t it is evident that 
this villa has not been explored. We 
are at this time engaged in tracing its 
limits, an account of which, with the 
ground plan, shall be sent you, when 
our researches are terminated. The 
dimensions of this little bath are given 
accurately in the annexed ground plan. 
The pipe to let off the water is denoted 
by a small circular mark. 

Yours, &c. R. C. H. 

On the mutability of National grandeur 
in Arts and in Science ; and the 
proneness to deteriorate, which in 
certain circumstances is observed to 
characterize the human intellect. 

THE mind of man is so constituted, 
that in order at once to give scope 
and tangibility to its native magnifi- 
cence of imagination, and secure in 
any powerful degree the interests and 
the sympathies of those readers who 
are to derive pleasure from its vagrant 


1833.] On the MutabUiiy of 

At we gilded over the smooth sur- 
face of the waters, the heron, rising 
from the muddy brink, skimmed the 
eddying wave, and, wetting the tip of 
its broad wings, ascended with grace- 
ful sweep to the Med way ell ft. Al- 
most lost to the eye of the spectator 
beneath, ere he had attained the lowest 
summits, the giddy heights of those 
abrupt promontories which shut us in, 
as it were, from the tumults and the 
infelicities of a jarring world, forcibly 
impressed the mind. Filled with beau- 
ty, and elevated to a sensation border- 
ing on awe, the mind insensibly loses 
itself in the pleasing reveries of fancy, 
and finds its visions assisted by tlie 
sew scenery which was constantly 
opening on the eye; while the pro- 
found silence which reigned uninter- 
raptedly over the channelled abyss, 
was only, at regular intervals, mea- 
sured by the monotonous dash of the 
oar. ** And Harold stands upon the 
place of tombs;" — not the Harold of 
Byron, but a personage uf a less pre- 
suming description, one who cannot, 
at the imperative call of his genius, 
embody unreal shnj)es in ail the terror 
of imaginary might ; but one at once 
less armed with the power of adorning 
pernicious sentiments, and less inclined 
to pervert the moral thinking of the 
human race. This thought likewise 
crowded on my mind, as, subsecjucnt to 
my landing, 1 entered the venerable 
abbey just now mentioned. Tiie 
Western window, under which I stood, 
still exhibited in one of its compart- 
ments the symmetry of former architec- 
tural skill, — the other, robed in a thick 
circlet of ivy, was impervious to the 
entrance of lii2;ht. The Eastern win- 
dow, which towered above the moss- 
grown altar-piece, in sullen majesty, 
overlooked the grim desolation of 
which itself presented so striking a fea- 
ture. The intersecting pillar which 
divided it into two equal compart- 
ments, scattered by the hand of time 
and wintry storms, already nodded in 
its fall. The smooth sod which luxu- 
riated at its base, and which composed 
the flooring of the Abbey, sliewed 
from the age and magnitude of some 
of its vegetable productions, that the 
greater part of a century had beheld it 
thus dilapidated and forlorn. The dis- 
jointed and tottering masses of which 
the walls consisted, formed a frail and 
feeble basis for the architectural de- 
vices which still hung in fragments 

National Grandeur, 


on their blackened sides, while the 
" storied urns and unanimated busts ** 
lold the sad talc, that years of mutilat- 
ing exposure had shed their baleful in- 
fluence over ■ them ; and that marble 
offers but a perishable material to 
those who aspire after immortality. 

As I stood surveying this dismantled 
fabric, now fast crumbling to dusty- 
sunk deep in the retreats of the seques- 
tered Wye, my thoughts diverged to 
the transactions and the events of other 
days. I reverted to the period of a thou- 
sand years ago, when, history or tradition 
informs us, this ancient structure was 
reared, in which, although society and 
manners were yet in their rude infancy, 
and England's classic soil was covered 
with hordes of barbarians, who con- 
tended for empire or for plunder, 
under Danish chieftains, a considerable 
degree of architectural skill must have 
distinguished some of her artists in the 
svmmetry and desip;n of their buildings, 
'fhe oflspring of Genius in the dark 
ages, long ere the human mind had 
learnt to improve that genius, and 
curb its licentious aberrations, by 
forming itself upon the finished models 
which the ancients have left us, the 
Gothic school, rude at the first settling 
of the Barbarians in Europe, after- 
wards improved to considerable ele- 
gance and taste of decoration. 

About the times of Athelstan, and 
during the short period of llie Danish 
dynasty, the Abbies of Malmsbury 
and Tinteru, among various others, 
were reared arid adorned with the de- 
corations of sculj)tiire and of art; of 
which decornrtions the edifice before 
me gave no mean idea. 

I then carried forward mv thoughts 
some centuries, and fancied this, with 
all the other temples which then 
abounded throughout Christendom, 
whether known under the appellation 
of Monasteries, Cathedrals, Convents, 
or Abbies, in all the pride and poni[) of 
endowments, which the liberality or 
the wealth of a superstitious people 
could bestow. As I marked the shat- 
tered segments of arches which in grim 
stateliness were already nodding in 
their fail, I considered the different 
stages of civilization and of science 
which had marked the various epochs 
of its existence. I, in imagination, 
was translated back to the 13tli cen- 
tury, and saw Peter Abelard and Ro- 
ger Bacon breaking from the glooms 
of a convent, with the light of their 


I80.] On ihi MutahUitf of Naiional Grandeur, II7 

reared such structuvcs, whether which have intervened between tht 

of tombty pyramids, or temples, as period of iti most enlishtened dayi— a 

htve in every subsequent age elicited period when those historic records 

the astonishment of civilized man kind, upon which we are wont to dwell 

unlbld images of teeming and mo- withcuriosityanddelighty were written 

mentous interest. — will naturally pass under review. 

There is, I resumed, a world of iThe melancholy reverses that this 

deep and legitimate enquiry, well country, which nas ever stood high in 

calculated to catch the inquisitive the history of human intellect, has 

mind, as it thus ranges through a sustained, and the long reign of deso- 

eoontry whose soil bears upon its face lation which has since swept over its 

the disencumbered piles of stately and devoted head, has doubtless inspired 

majestic edifices, exhibiting consum- the imaginations of multitudes, and 

mate design, purity, and elevation of must still continue to occupy a place 

ceuius, and splendour of resource. The in the associations of the philosopher 

fcmmin sympathies have, in a thou- who witnesses the sceues of her fallen 

mod instances, been found to be pow- glory. 

erfully excitnl, upon the first view of What volumes, to the thinking 

those remains of Athenian and Roman mind, will ever spontaneously crowd 

grandeur, which, both in their zenith upon the imagination of the traveller, 

and their decay, have employed so as he roams through a country which, 

many tongues to celebrate. M. de under other dynasties, and at periods 

Chateaubnand's ideas seemed to echo ^rown grey with years, had brigntened 

in unison to this simultaneous flow of m arts, and raised the empire of intel- 

smsations, when upon surmounting lect to a veij distinguished heieht! 

the citadel which commands the an- Multitudes of'^intclligent scholars from 

eieot site of Lacedsmon, he broke every part of Europe, adopting the 

forth into sudden apostrophe: — ''What habits of the recluse, have wandered 

a magnificent spectacle!'' he exclaims, amone these ruins of a former world, 

" but how melancholy ! — ^Fhe solitary considered in a moral view, and whilst 

stream of the Eurotas runnins beneath surrounded by a wilderness of broken 

the remains of the bridge Babyx, runs columns, superb amphitheatres, and 

on every side, and not a creature to be richly sculptured mausoleums, whether 

■een among them. I stood motion- found in Italy, Greece, Egypt, or 

less in a kind of stupor at the contem- Asia Minor, have felt* their energies 

plation of this scene. A mixture of awakened by so invigorating a theme ; 

admiration and grief checked the cur- and have hence given to the world 

rent of my thoughts, and fixed me to many important and beautiful specula- 

the spot; — promund silence reigned tions. 

around me." — Such sentiments have It has been observed by a speculator 
marked the first ebullitions of every upon the causes which hasten the de- 
traveller, who since the revival of cline and fall of nations — ** from the 
letters and of taste in Europe, have borders of the Persian Gulf to the 
been driven by curiosity, and a thirst shores of the Baltic sea; from Babylon 
for knowledge, to survey the august and Palmyra, Egypt, Greece, and Italy, 
but fallen memorials of former gran- to Spain and Portugal, and the whole 
deur, which diversify the classic soil circle of the Hanseatic League, we 
of Attica. trace the same ruinous remains of an- 

In gazing upon these proud memo- cientgreatness, presenting a melancholy 

rials, which declare, in the most un- contrast with the poverty, ignorance, 

equivocal language, that a race of be- and indolence of the present race of 

ings incomparably more intelligent and inhabitants ; and an irresistible proof 

active than the preseut had once trod of the mutability of human affairs.*' 

her cities — the long succession of years Another speculator of splendid abilities 

* It is well known that Gibbon first conceived the design of his elaborate History 
amidit the ruins of the Capitol.' — ^Volney gave ft'ee and unbounded scope to his fancy, and 
embodied the glowing images of his wandering thoughts in the unlicensed speculations of 
icepticism. Denon, Chateaubriand, and a host of others, have felt a kindling enthusiasm 
ne in their bosoms upon expatiating amongst these fading monuments of ancient magai- 


afi'irii» WiMi «t«lM 

ircT7 actWo in tbcti eSo m i i i t at . ' jt v ifc. 
heptd ^w tbft tVDi* nnM nftH^afi 
tb«t KaU of • .tbc impectH*'. IWM4IHP- 

(WlUC. I' r . v ' !l'' .;':, Mitf 

NoTtliwara. nest dainu, ^t^, aflim 
. «iteoti«wt.ofeTtry&ieB<llo.n[nnfci|i4in 
iti B]ipnneh it to be <)^pmcMf^4i m 
plj^ie— aqd do mcuoRS »ngbt, tffj«| 
TclinquUhcd that can in 'ooy.pdCKne 
tend lo allcftue or-pm<ci|t iti .ifire 
TuaVitj. Hula of livio^rdiet, ^|^ 

ereniac Tciort*, cloalhiiig, habltatko, 

Wliwjliw/ftnrind ibu the^ly wcmU 
lll|ill> ■ l«wde for thwr raMmtma, 
tiad^MWC atcne to mj me^kine, or 
aAnce (o return home ; they even 
tNaKd these with contempt, and called 
it " Amma's sickness," and " Amma's 
inetKeine." Mr. K. says, he never 
Hi tDM ged an much, distreas as in this 
■*Wt, and he felt powerfully impressed 
■wMi'the duty of inietceding with God 
W these people, that the plague mi^bt 
eithcrbe stayed or sanctified : the visi- 
MttMi was truly awful. " Some," he 
•dA, "'whom 1 found at the KykooUr 
Ikmple t«-day, were dead ; others 
■who were there were somewhat re- 
cDkeitd ; and their friends, who weie 
antSMlinK them, boasiingly exclaimed 
•f their idoi, ' Poothrarayer has been 
naciots to us'!" A small temple to 
ine Deril Viraven being in a ruinous 
Mate,' the people were urged by the 
eikft of the BTahmins, and through 
Aar of'this ticknew, to rebuild it. 
■ The activity of this missionary, in 
hU tamest efibrti to cotuole tliem, and 
lecril Ifaem to a better knowledge of 
'God, Imi been troly exemplary — and 
the tfiidcaiic afforded ample occasion 
fat ibe exerciie of his Chiuttian zeal. 

Aenm Hiodoaten; from Calcutta to 
Bnnfaay, the alum has- been spread, . 

oC MCiy indiridual yW i^qhUJIm 
done, and what should be .omitted «ui 
forebonw-to a* to repel tke wnUgipB 
and pFCtorre the climate piv«i avithe 
lire-side healtby-rwd. above all, tbe 
meray of- God ^voked, oot oolj^^j 
liuiHble and dmwit aupBlioatnih ^ 
ylao 'byirdanDBtiim of lu» md mar-. 

D«!.,.^ ■.■_*_i ' *-^'' 

MnUauMv'.i . -' 'aLuJUu 

extracted from a work, entitled, 
" Doctie Nugx Gaudentil Jocoti*," 
may interest such of your readers ai 
are accuitonied to theorise upon huouin 
nature. However national pride may 
be offended, no one can deny justice to 
some of the attributes, though it is to 
be hoped that the writer has judged 
haatiljof Britain, or, to speak logically, 
the induction has been made wlt^t 
sufficient itiTestigation. 

" Nathnum Proprietata el Ittgioiati^ 
Hiipaai, consnlll, belliCuii, grwie*. 
JlaEj ingeniosi, Tindictoe cupidi. 
Gain, inabitn, iaMopenDUi. 
Britamd, Tersipelki oegutiuur™. 
Belga, delicxi, negoliia et lincuii dsditi. 
Cn-ntm.i, balktWHauopUcu, ben«fid : £x 


r, foitci, Tobiuti, 

* SoliibMi, Impsivu.Johaiuus Leoaudt 
Buggelii, Anno 171S, 18ll|0. 

i;>uuu vm have, ID t ui« Joiig L I 

brtnn^- repeated i »f the uw > 

lent endii lunUrilv o wjri lie utinai* j 

inonable I have uiciwu cbK* wbtte the pt 

lid ttrikft. of the vicinity hare t^cD uRon lu 

la tbif to Bwcute. the lawi ia caie of 

ind [ that owner't neglect, and nerer knew •. 

price di^ proaeciiiionniavin^ been inUitu 

wdoa of these cam of high innnlBi 

ovroen baviog been adrtwd ~ 

j/e of So- content with procnri an adm 

■ ■ . Htl M 

thcM feeling! of nnereiiue ui Go .. 
law, although tile Mme were iin[*07 

aocount perl/ expKMed. 

pan OUT In the oaw of anv ioatiiinate AiM 

Hxr coin- caniing death, 4,g. the tail of a mill, 

r anci«Qt . atill dt^ enquiiy » made, and th^aamf^ 

] to have becomeg deodand ; and Kill with the 

me, i.4. tame view. 

itioD, le- If the perton having the caiv t)t the 

joi, and animaJ, or inanimala thing moving to , 

c literallj the death of man, is jinved to have 

them. been negligent in bit eaie, be k.'> 

oatlf be puaiabcd in proponioa to thedcp#! 

onfpnt of negligence or catelMnoi exbib4«l:' 

tobe.Hh by bun. 

IHcaent Now, Mr. Urban, I cannot aee wh t; 

supentition, properly so called, here !• 

dead; as in these cases; nor, strictly speakinc, 

uewbich can an ezcesEive line be impo^ in 

nan life, lieuofdeodand, for, theanirrial being, 

and hTs high abhorrence of Murder, ipso Jaclo, forfeittxl by the law, tMi 

it m secesaary to enquire what was owner thereof cannot be compelled tf 

tbe^anaeof thedeatbi irthissball be redeem them. 

fcHBd to have been murtler, then so "J. A.'' says that without these pro- 

aooo a* the murderer shall be convict- ceedings, or with them, lie should feel 

e^ he is delivered over to death, not hioisclT bound in conscience, to make 

ta^tif as a pnni^ment, but, so far what amends he coulJ, to ibe fjTnil? 

as liei in us, lo expiate God's declared of the suflerer in any such case, and 

wnrtb against murder, and, " that the 90, no doubt, waul J every conscien- 

peeple may hear, and fear, aud do so tious man feel hiin!«If bound ; but in 

Domore.'' tills case, if no such proceedings took ' 

IftbecaseshallappcarMansiaugbter, placf, no conscientious king, or con* . 

itiU the degree of punishment has the sclcniious people, having the know- 

SMoe aspect, and is assimilated perhaps ledge of the Scriptures, could feel that 

II iwiiilj 11 circumstances n ill permit, theyhaddonewnatwasin their power, 

to^ia law provided for the same case, ana what was incumbent on them, to 

dbwtBvnomy xis. xxi. expiate and avert the wrath of God. asy animal without any fault YnuTConespoadcnt "£.6,'' (same ' 

of qian, then that animal becomesdeo- Mag. p. 497) has somp remarks ott., 

dandraat^ Exodnixki. SS. We have French customs at this lime, very ap' 

Sentlom indeed, commuted the life posite; " there," he uys, " where » , 

dK anipia), for a sum of money. Coroner's Inqoest id unknown, » 

and tbucoaunorjy aimali sum, bear- Frenchman sees the body lakenootj 

iuIillloBtopOTtiui to tbe value of the of the Seine, shrugs bis sho^idtn, 

aiiinal t iMt in ihis case due aod se- sighs it'imporf*— and pasMs on." 

QiMr. Hao. JUruary, IBS3, Icon- 





titfetfOflheDucorer^Ebipscoininani]. helpless families with the onljr con- 

«i 'wj the admirable Captain Parry, solarion of the memory of iheir Iie- 

••faOM dan'il^ labours havealreadycou' roiam transmitted to poatcrity on the 

ItePerfmich «ignal benefiti on nautical records of history. ;.''*'* 

•Hrf«MSDelic xrience. We irapalierily expect (he accoifit 

''''bi Benring's Straits it has beenlong of Captain Franklin's inv^siigatiQnf, 

tnmm'ihcit a barrier of ice extends principsliy as they may throw farther 

t Wa the Asiattc \a the American light «n magntlit nanaliott. , Sci^i^ 

COWC, in the height of Summer, as cannot derive a maxiipjjm of iiiUi'tf 

Mgh up BB the parallel of latitude of from what has been diEcovered t)j|,y 

IcyC^e. The cnnent found in tliis ship is sent out on purpose to ascertain 

strail'Cleariy indicates the exiitence of the precipe posilion of the Nertk-uifSt 

a passage which evidently can tievei Magnetic Pale i that is to say, the loif^ 

be subservient to purposes of cornmer- ^Itude and latitude of the exact potiQ 

rial utility. Thus, with no well- where the dipping needle. would staifd 

fiMmded hope of getting on the hyper- perpeadUular in continuation ^f. the 

liM«M ooasL, from eitiier of its extre- Pole situated qn the line of ito paria^ 

mhirs, itis much to "be lamented that iion. "the same, ship might Ju (liij; 

Behring'a Straits were not agsin ex- Summer oplore the Polar Baaja ^ 

pio^, aa thai could have been done passing into it lhrou|;h oae of tfie Qpeii 

wfttt pRfect safety. There may be a channels on the Nprlh sid? ^'^J^ 

fac^ that the ships got throi^h the sound which ought to be called Cafi- 

lonif nuTOVr channel rumung out of fain Parry't Seund. The tbip .muf(t 

^Rmlie Bav during the last Snmtner. winter where the grand nt^mau bl^ 

Ifnutltad been efteDted the first Sum- ject is to be fioally atce^Ia^&ea^ ,'4> 

«M^ Captain Franklin ivould have for the Hypetl>orean Coast fu^tiif^ 

towii Jmcks set up on the Coast, end nearly on the ouallel of 70° from Hc^ 

]iHti(uilaHj> U (h« mouth of the Cop- pulse Bay to Behrin^s Strut),_ fW 

per JtltDC River, indicating the passage evidently can be novr only inveitlgiiteil 


•i«B5.] Song in the " HianHonleon " iiofiwrf;— County Meetings. fte 

frtboblfti the most eordial regard till giTen in' the -Harttitoicon : ' th^ ifl*^ 
flK iamc of his death. In Sm year be (band, if thought worth tht mtibte 
1^5. Mr. A. Green married Miss of inquiry, as they were origittalty 

IMples : who also excelled in drawing, necessity, inserted them, accompanied 

And from this time he lived at York, by a letter ; possessing no more ef&c- 

Jurpreviousplaceof residence; usually tual method of defence against the 

passing the summer months at Am- disgraceful charge of claiming as mine 

-slteide. the production of another man; and 

He died in June 1807, esteemed of one distinguished for his taste and 

•nd beloved by all who knew him, genius. This vindication of myself 

kit his kindness and benevolence of was my object in addressing the £3itpr 

bdart, his sweetness of temper, hum- of the Sun ; and is likewise my reason 

Ue and pious spirit, anfl agreeable for now trespassing; on you. Tne Sohg 

conversation and manners ; no less of Mary was written by me, about 

than admired by them as an Artist, for twenty years ago , and I beg leave to 

flenius, taste, and execution. He was obsen'e, wiih great deference to those 

Suried at a village near York, I believe who think otherwise, that it is an 

Falford. effusion which cannot possibly do any 

His lady resided at York, and in the honour to the muse of Mr. Lewis, nor 

ileighbourhood, till her death, which much even to that of 

took place in the autumn of 1821, and Yours, &c. Edward Mangiv. 

directed by will that the pictures ^ 

painted by Mr. Green, and in her pos- ^ 

sesstoD, should be sold ; and the pro- Mr. Urban, Devon, Feb. 10. 

duce applied to charitable purposes. IT^NOWING how very exten- 

Yours, &c. H. •*^ . s^Y^^y your excellent Misccl- 

^ lany is circulated, permit me to call 

- ^ L 1? 7 A ^^^ serious attention of your nume- 

Mr. Urban, Bath, reu. 4. ,.ous readers to the dangerous politi- 

IN your last Number, p. 60, the cal doctrines a^ain industriously pro- 
Reviewer of a new musical publi- pagated, and, 1 am concerned to say, 
cation, the ** Harmonicon,'* refers to adopted as the genuine sentiments of 
a Canzonet composed for the work County Meetines. Much unjust oblo- 
by Mr. Braham, and adapted to the quy has been thrown out a^inst the 
words of a son^, beginning " O very most able and successful mihtary cha- 
sweet was morning's dawn," stated to racter in Europe, for terming these 
be the production of M. G. Lewis, meetings a farce. No person has a 
Esq. M. JP. right to vote at these meetings except 
Allow me to make an observation he be a Frceliolder : whereas, in point 
or two on the subject : the Song was of liict, it is perfectly known that i/iree 
not written by Mr. Lewis; it was fourths of tnose tnat hold up their 
published, I think, in the autumn of hands there are not qualified persons ; 
the year 1807, in a popular newspaper, and, const-quentlv, decisions so ob- 
and j>refaced thus: **Mary; an at- tained fall, with tfie strictest propriety, 
tempt to adapt En<];lish words to a under the above expressive appellation, 
very wild and pathetic Irish air, known Votes legitimately unexceptionable 
among the peasantry of the province can be had only !)y assigning a sepa- 
of Connaught, by the title of Maurien rate space in front of the hustings to 
Oge, or Owg. Nothing, however, but real freeholders of counties. For want 
the melody of this ditty remains: of this just regulation, any extravagant 
both the name of the Poet, and the proposition made, however much op- 
poetry itself, being; lost in the stream posed, is carried by senseless acclama- 
of time.*' Mr. Braham is a fine com- tion, and sent up to Parliament as the 
poser; but his Canzonet in the Har- sense of the county at large. It is 
monicon is, though well executed, thus, that we are again witnessina; the 
neither wild nor pathetic^ and there- revival of the insane project of ^fy/wwa/ 
fore does not suit the meaning of Mary. Parlinmcnts and Unhursal Snjfra^c. 
Let me add, that the words of the I really thoiiprht thi«5 wild chimera had 
^ng, such as they an*, are iiicorrecily been consigned ** to the tvml of nil the 


OrigU^ and Purposes of Siotiehenge, 


ahould present or future exigencies 
be supposed to require them. 

VourSf &c. John Macoovalo. 


**Thoa iiobl«i>t monument of Albion's isle, 
Whether by Iflerlin's aid, from Skytbia's shore. 
To Arab^r*s fatal plain, Pendmron bore, 

Hvfe fraOM of giant hands the mighty pile, 

1* tntppib his Britons slain by Hccguist s guile. 
Or Pcvid Priests, sprinkled with human gore, 
!^fht*iiiid thy massy mase their mystic lore ; 

Or Danish chiefs, enriched with savage spoil. 
To Victory's idol vast, an unhewn shriue, 

Rear'd the rude lieap ; or, in thy hallow'd round, 
Srpose tiie kio^s of Brutus' genuine line ; 

w bene tboM kings in kolcmn state were crown'd. 
fllBilioiu to trace thy pond'rous origin, 
Vt mute on many an antient tale renown'd." 

AS the su^ect for the Newdigate 
Prize Poem for this year is 
"Stonehekge," we shall, at the re- 

3iiest of an Oxford Correspondent, 
e\'Ote a page or two to the considera- 
tion of tlie probable origin and pur- 
poses of this extraordinary monument. 

This interesting assemblage of stones 
is distant two miles West of Ames- 
bury, and six miles from Salisbury. 
The name of Stonehenge is evidently 
Saxon, q. d. the hanging-stones. 

Passing by the f:mciful opinions and 
coi^jectures of NenniuSy Jeffrey of 
ManmmUh, and Henry of Huntingdon 
(alluded to in the above elegant Sonnet) 
we shall first notice the celebrated 
Camden; who could sec nothing but 
confusion and rudeness in this stately 

Inigo Jones (who in lf)35 first piib- 
lishedanv regular work on Stonehenge), 
full of icfeas of architecture, conceived 
it to be a Tuscan temple of Coelum or 
Terminus, built by the Romans, as if 
the rudest monuments of that people 
were not more regular than this. He 
thought it was raised at a period when 
the Komans " had settled the country 
under their own empire ; and by the 
introduction of foreign colonies, had 
reduced the natural mhabitants unto 
the society of civil life, by training 
them up in the liberal sciences." 

Dr. CharicfoUf in l66.3, published 
an answer to Jones's work, in which 
he con Lends that Stonelicnge was 
erected by the Danes ; but this could 
not be the case, as tlic monument ex- 
isted long before the Danes invaded 
England. Jones's work was defended 
by his son-in-law and editor ^Ix.Wcib, 
in 1665. 

Aylett Sammes next published a trea- 
tise on Stoneh'*n«;e ; in which he re- 

marks, '' why may not these jj^sxua 
(alluding to the appellation of CWto 
Gtgantutn, given to this monument} 
be the Phoenicians; and the art of 
erecting these stones, instead of the 
stones themselves, brought from the 
furthermost parts of Africa, the knowh 
habitations of the Phoenicians." 

Bishop Gibson, in his edition of 
Camden's Britannia, 1694, after com- 
bating the opinions of preceding wri- 
ters, obsen'es, " one need make no 
scruple to affirm that it is a British 
Monument; since it does not appear 
that au]^ other nation had so much 
footing m this kingdom, as to be the 
authors of such a rude, and yet mag- 
nificent pile.** 

The attentive though credulous Au- 
hrey first hit on the notion of its being 
a Druid temple. With this notion 
Mr. 7o/An(/ agreed ; and Dr. Stukeley^ 
in his ** Stonehenge,*' by accurate ad- 
measurements, confirmed it. He calls 
in the assistance of the Tyrcan Her- 
cules, to do greater honour to the 

Mr. Wood, in his " Choir Gawr," 
agreed with Dr. Stukeley in attributing 
it to the Druids, with this additional 
idea, that it had an astronomical as 
well as theological use, and was a 
temple of the moon. 

TVtlliam Cooke, M. A. in an enquiry 
into the Patriarchal and Druidical Re- 
ligion, &c. supposes Stonehenge to 
have been a place held sacred by the 
Druids, and appropriated to great as- 
semblies of the people. 

Wood's Opinion was further illus- 
trated in a oricf and comprehensive 
manner by Dr. Smith, in ** Choir 
Gawr," 1770. The work is ably re- 
viewed by Mr. Gough, in our vol. 
xLi. p. 30, where Dr. Smith's opi- 
nions may be seen ; or in Gougn's 
Camden, 2d edit. I8O6, vol. i. p. 155. 

That eminent antiquary, Mr. King, 
in his ** Muninicnta Antiqua*," con- 
jectures that it was constructed in the 
very latest ages of Druidism, whilst 
tliat religion was yet struggling against 
the overwhelming tide of Christianity. 

Mr. Davics, the learned author of 
" Celtic Researches,'* and of tlie 
" Mythology, &c. of the British 
Druids,'* enters more profoundly than 
perhaps any other author, into the 
question resjjecting the origin and ap- 

* Reviewed by Mr, Gough in vi;l. i.xxii. 
p. 14'2. 


iMs.] Origin and Purpogei of Stoneh^ge. Pt9 

If k grdnnded on the difference in impoBts, and tlia mortlcec md teaoof' hf 

Siality and size between the stones of wKch they are secured to the sumdwdii, 

e great circle and ellipsis, and those »re «"* «nly i/n//*eevtsry work of the Druids, 

of the smaller ones. In considering but incompaible with their principlet. Add 

the tubject, says iMr. Cunnington, «• 1 ^« 'J^»' *»^« discovery of Komu Ccim lie- 

h«^-e been led to suniiose, that Stone- "5*^** ***."!• '^^ *^»* larger .tone.,« 

heiise has been erected at different t""'' r!!!''''''''''li'\ t^^Ll^'^' *^ 

P .• ., .1 ^ • • 1 1 • • I *"e date Migned by the traditioa. All 

eras ; that the orij^rinal work consisted ^^^^^ hypotlese. on the .ubject are totally 

of the outward circle, and its imposts, conjectural, and to me they appear ae Im- 

and the inner oval, or larjje irilithons ; probable in themselves, as they are irrccoo- 

aitd that the smallest circle and oval, ciJable with each other. 
of hiferjor stones, were raised at a later <* It is, I beliere, agreed by th* b«gft 

period; for they add nothing to the lithologists, that the larger meml^ert of 

grandeur of the temple, but rather Stonehenge are sarsou, similar to those 

pure a littleness to the whole, and called the Grey- wethers, which, in innu- 

mofe particularly so, if, according to merablc places, protrude above the soil. 

Smith, you add the t\^o small trili- ^'f'"'*'^* Marlborough and Avebuir, and 

thons of ffranite." therefore were probably transported thence. 
Tlie next opinion relative to Stone- jMr. Foshokfy in his "Encyclopedia 

kenge, we have to notice, is some- of Antiquities,*' p. 72, is of opinion 

what analogous to the last. It is con- that the elucidation of Mr. Maurice is 

tained in the following judicious re- the best ; and that it is the Temple of 

imffks, extracted from a letter of the the Sun in Britain mentioned by Dio- 

Hev. Samuel Great heed, addressed to dorus. It is (says Mr. M.) circular, at 

Mr.Britton, and printed in tli€ ** Beau- were all Temples of the Sun and Vesta, 

tin of England and Wales," vol. XV. The adytum, or sanctum sanctorum, 

pi. 707. is oval, representing the mundane egg, 

t. a^ I 1 1. L . .. . after the manner that all those adyta, 

'.* Stonehenge has nothm? about it im- u- u *i, j c-^ .-'ii 

plyimr a tigh^ antiquity thin the age of "! ''Y T^^ fU '^'''l!!'^^ 

Amfiua Airibroslus, but the circle and oval ^'>=^«j' ^^?5 constantly fabrIcatJ^d, The 

of nprfght stones, which perfectly resemble situation is fixed astronomirally; the 

I owimmerousDruidical temples, from Corn- 6^"^ entrance, and that of AbuiT, 

I wiB to Camberiand. These parts alone of being placed exactly North-east, as all 

the atructure, therefore, I consider as Z)rwi- the gates or portals of the ancient 

(tied ; and I apprehend that these alone cavern tcuipies were, especially those 

j was standing, when the Saxons assassi- dedicated to Mithra, i. e. the Sun. 

! Oiled the British chiefs, assem)>led with The number of stones and uprights in 

thea on that spot, at a Council Feast, the outward circles, making together 

NoauUjenticaccounts of that period opposes exactly 5a/?/. plainly alludes to that 

the prol-d>ihty that Ambrosius m^^^/tZ erect peculiar and prominent ft-ature of 

tbere a durable monument, m memory or * „• »: i, „ *.^.,«.„„ .u^ „ 

V ^ J f .1. I . u Asiatick astionomy, tne sexai^enarv 

Aie countrymen, and of the cruel treachery i i -i .ii "^ i r •' 

of their iilvaders. Nothing is more likely, ?y^K> ^;ii>le the number of Stones 

thBi, that he would, if he had opportunity, [orm»»S ^^^e minor cycle of the cove, 

adopt fucA means of animating the Britons bein^ exactly nineteen, displays to us 

to per severance, in so wearisome a contest : ^he famous Mctonic, or rather Indian 

aid certainly nothing could have been better cycle ; and that of thirty repeatedly 

salted to the purpose, than such an erection occurring, the celebrated age or genc- 

M Stonehenge, which might equally sustain ration of the Druids. Further, the 

the violence of enemies, and the lapse of temple being uncovered, proves it to 

sget. The zeal of lus numerous followers have been eri'Ctcd before the age of 

wo«ld carry them through the requisite Zoroaster, 500 years before Christ, 

laboBi. The pattern of the Romans was ^y^o first covered in the Persian tem- 

snfioeat to supply the mechamcal powers ,^.g pin^Hy, the heads and horns of 

wnien it demanded, and it is so obvious an * _ „„,i ^♦C„_ ^. .: «.„i r . i u • j 

iimtation of their architecture, that Inigo P''^" »"^ .^^^^' animals found buried 
Jooes, who had well studied the subject, sup- ^? ^^^ ^P°V P'^^'^^^^^^^^^ sanguinary 
pesed it to be tkcir performances. The plan "'^s, peculiar to the solar superstition, 
w« regulated by that of the original Druidi- were actually practised withm the 
cal itructure; the outer stones of which awful bounds of this hallowed circle, 
nniet have been partly removed, to admit — Want of room prevents our quoting 
thtTrihUums; bnt would, of course, be re- farther from Mr. Fosbroke's interest- 
placed. The rough squaring, the continued ing Encyclopedia 5 we must therefore 
Ueiit. Mao. February, 182S. refer 





Dr. IWr^AcsMri of A» BMtU of Jmaft. *rfK 

mnuKwt TO- Dm. TAtg. loUkr, who thM aft«M UboV 

S tlcauit ManI MoDomeDl n- uniMmeat ud prntifinttao wWfc 

atcwDted hy the annexed En- 1T">8 nl of !>» wwndi. "& Meltla 

[.•nd lately plwedoo the We«t your paget he wouM he dH-i-'-J 

Tth aif Ic of ihe choir of hu Ca- 
, whim a hamlioinc tablet of 
k muye remaina to hb nw- 
On k<jkiiiKt beotkih a highh 
Id eoWT '"^ or%inaUT di^ 
bimjfinr In bnta, in ■ kneel- 
•ldr^%ll"lba'lbllow!K a^ 
Of bad^/whidi kre entiic^ ef- 



le varietj ol. ornaroenls, and 
expense, have been spared. It 
uted in the most correct and 
ul manner in a tingle hXmJi. of 

marb^a finely polished, and 
highly cicdilable to the talent* 

Janwi Cundyof Pimlico, and 

taste of Mr. Bocklei, Kn. hy 
it waa designed. 

paittfal fo add, that before this tall, betides a W^^^ taaxf boqfea, 

nent waa fixed in its destined This tTemendoiu Rre was kffit upi^ 

lie who caused it to be creeled two haurg, before our inbatiy otfld 

memorr of an aSeclionatc Bro- form the line, on account of- U)e 

ied. (pee out vol. zcii. part i, enemy's line bMnguodermiqe^. Ifima- 

) The tablet bears an elegant ly the whole of the aorance pcguet 

inscription frotn the pen of were killed befofe the first Iqi^i: 
ererend Dr. Routh, President were formed. Out of 9ttr am^l Ham- 
blen College, ond the inti- her we weiv foKed to lean otte bttta- 
lend of the deceased. Edit. lion of ^epoys behind, to ptotcpt our 

— ^ ba^ge Bod lick niet). , 

Urban, Feb. 6. . When our infantry. wen ajl formed, 

E following account uf the batlle they opened a severe fire of mnsketry ; 

r Assaye, in the Hast Indies, but the enemy kept up such a 

vhaps not be unworthy of ob- heavy fire of round and grape, that 

; a place in your repository of our infantry stiHered severely. The 

ling essaya. it has no adorn- right brigade charged, but was forced 

a recommend it, but plain and to retreat ; for the? were nearly all 

from the hands of a British killed and woundea. The 74th r^i- 


such a price for oai 
e bat have the cuitMn- 
slen we h«d in tluae 

eeo said about Fannen 
t1ieir.sons keeping hunt- 
daughters learuing ac- ijiiiiuiuruii 

( Ai far 38 iny own The next point I advert to is ihe 

extended, and I reside Poor Rate, which he maintains ii' the 

le country, I can affirm same now as in 1790 — 4. In Kplr, I 

. I have nad tenants on have onl; to state the case of a neigh- 

ihree difierent couatiei, bouring parish, in a part of the country 

a capital of at least ten wholly agricultural. In 17()Z, .ihe 

di, and I have never Poor Rates in that parish were iOO/. 

ard of aaj of the extra- a year, including tiie expenie of the 

Ifppce alluded to. Plain in their ha- apothecary and attorneyj the' present 

b^ and mode of living, whatever sur- RatesTor the same parish, aflet allow-^ of income their industry produced, ing for the reduction in conseqaeiic« of 

tiitf amployed it in increasing their the lowered price of prQvisioi^, ue 

Imuicss. But supposing they were S5001. per annuoij exclusive, of the 

£ble to the reproach of enjoying per- medical and legal expenses. 1 trust, 

hm Doore than a comfortaole s^le of therefore, this, which is not a solitary 

£l]i^'l shonld be glad to know the instance, will be received as a le^ta- 

nason why the occupier of land is to tion of the assertion, tliat the Poor 

be,tfa0 on^ description of person, who, Rales are the same now as in lt00r-'> 

pw^ ^ wed of a capital of ten [honsaod If, therefore, the burdens to which the 

pMuds, ii to be denied a better sort Farmer is liable, esceed by so much 

of education for his children, or occa- those that he had at the former pe- 

■god indulgence in amusement? The ttod, it a very evident, even wve.nis 

' tifc. J. . 

Mi^V to b* ncy Mf* 
ChMniMi t^Lt M M 

MCoMUwMioM'aB tb) 
diMMMd ■ «mnr of tbi 
■in nw HI idMofdW 
■■d tHubt w MM btiiri 
(Mid tb tfttoof ibN ■oHOMt [ "HHiwi 
timtlkJikm, •• Sebetai t fu fcifc,'^ ■* 
pMMd Ub «■ tke ki>d lqr«^«fMMM 
r^noMt, irim tw w» Um jHltiit Mil 
Immb «rt 4^ Hon^. Of BirwMMMkM 
itand im M bf ail JimIuh B^jmiUt^ 
DUBM bngi but Dr. Jo1um«l/MW )W 
■a Ati w»| tiMC ii to MQ, 5* k«ft im., 
Jh^Ubia ■ good Gni w W iM< " Hlj, 

btMia,^Uti to art tenor, ftnm b flk^ 
iri»wa>TihBaUn. Wfl«. ho 1 1 ll^fillWI 

fMfwi^' ■ - ■ vT/ 

- . We admire the watm mdignation 

bat he ™ e™"*"? with which an unpardonable ealuminf 

rt»««h ««plnj»d, <" too «"r t^s"- of Mr. Boiwdl i> thui repelled; /. 

ph^ntot. to do liiraielf vhtt he wiahed '^ *-i 

•i)t|H^' Be «» (OfBeCinwi diapaHd to die- "I cunot (u^s Miu H.T fbrtbeuk oP 

Mt> (■ By aldii brotbei ; but my brolber, brerlt;, para bj wumpnind, the obpoMtt-' 

ri|*.'MB:hknMlf eogaffad in b wotk of deep nltr erf rucoiag bii chuaeter From Mr. Bm- 

IiEmI^ «*■ not ■Inyi It leiiOTB i ud vell'i srranEDua hiagn-fbj. I bive not bit 

iStt.lwInu at leianre, mr&ther wu often "Life of Jobnion" hare; bat I belian I ' 

tilkfii bu arawig'nop. The thing withed can recollect with accuracy luSciect to pit- 

»ti,ffilil>fiM'i nmr done ; or, if attempted, yeaC my doing bim tbe in|ury I comply oT 

it Wfi not began vitb energy eDOagb to as tn mji &^er, a part of what he bai lud 

timfHgdhK. or bim. He baa laid, I think, tbat ■ Sir 

H I bad beard all that oouid be aaid in John Hankiiu was the ton of a caipenter,' 

linim of tba aodieme j and nude lenaihle of but tbat ■ bavinc married ui old nvmaii Ibr 

innutaucB b; the progrea- her moner' -i forget what followt ; bat 

n oi facta, I, thougb myaelf thii ia itifficiBnt tor my preaent jnirpoae. 

■iA'HOle leimra to iBbtiaet lirem titaw "Now 1 do, -nth all bumilitjr, confru, 

Aieh I ana oeTer allowed to call my own, ihat aince the tiaie of Sir Walter Raleurb 

^|■B i^pnTaU to do what my father re- md Queen Eliiabeth, the family of my &- 

iiiBBtrriiliil i' but the fear that tbii, which tber bare bad nooaht to hoaat ; hnt, la 

«^|a me tahtitinn wbsa dona in aeoret, tboae rade dayi, Knigbtbood Ibt iMojf 

■pdlrSdiTvlgodibeadded to mjdaihr la- lomd the world on a royage of diacOTaiyi 

^K^'.f•■<■'*' *• " t*''^ ""^ me do it «ii ■ vetj elanting dla^nctuio. !■ tht f 

itfSjfg iFiff ^ <"W F^'' — * •■ngulai eond acijuinmect of the wma hoooor, i>r 

'"^^ I TT' CT'^'r*' "^ "'*"'*"'■■" "'"■*'""■" deed, tben ii a little Beaming eanie tat 

l»...i MI ^ L »•■■.«■■ boMtbig for thoaa who prija themadvea on 

•ftfi wen imowrt that Miw H. is being ^Ikh, « it *a. beatowad jn ll^ 4t- 

ibe ftlflghtiir of the celebtateO Sir JCitm ftgt uf ibe SpauL.b Aimada, in which oiir 

Giin, Mao. FOr^iary, IBM. anceitor 




's Antcdotet, 


Tbomti DavieS) Paal Whitehead, 
Thonoas Warton, and the Rev. Georee 
CcRStatd, whose library Miss H. de- 
seribes as a counterpart in appearance 
to that of Sidrophei in one of Ho- 
gaith*8 plates of Hudibras. 

The anecdotes of musical men are, 
perhaps, the best parts of the volume, 
particularly those of Handel, the blind 
Stanley. Bartleman, and Dr. Cooke, of 
Westminster Abbey. 

Many other friends are mentioned ; 
amongst whom occurs George Stee- 
vena, whose intimacy terminated, as 
uftnally h did, in a ouarrel \ in which 
trc shall not here enlarge, as a further 
account is promised in a future volume. 

In the next Edition, it is hoped the 
htekoied story of Pharaoh and the Red 
Set (which is more than a century old, 
and which was attributed to Hogarth 
in 1781, by a wicked wit still living) 
win be expunged. Nor is there much 
occasion for the Marchioness of Twee- 
dale's warming-pan, and a few other 
episodes not less edifying. 

Wc will not, however, seek for 
slight blemishes when there is really 
mucb to commend ; but look forward 
with pleasure to the perusal of the pro- 
mised continuation of these agreeable 
anecdotes; and shall select a few de- 
tached articles for the amusement of 
our Readers : 

** The Twining family ought not to have 
heen thus long postponed. Tliey were, by 
hereditary succession, of high worth, and 
have produced scholars and men of elegant 
taates ; a distinction which does not seem 
likely to fiiil. Were I to enter on their bio- 
graphy, I conld quote as exemplary, their 
affluence without ostentation, and their dig- 
nified independence, which ranks them high 
amoagst those who form the pillars of a 
commercia] country.'* 

"The homeliness of Dr. Farmer's exter- 
nal disappointed me, who, from what I 
heard, expected to see him in little less than 
lawn sleeves. He delighted me at my fa- 
ther's table, when the report was alluded to 
that Sir Joshua Reynolds shared the gains 
of hia man Ralph in showing bis pictures, 
by quoting the lines from Hudibras, 

'A squire he had whose name was Ralph, 
Who in th' adventure went his half.' ' 

"Davies, better known by the sociable 
naoBe of Tom Davies, was a character not 
vithout features. £very body knows he had 
been an actw, and afterwards set up a book- 
lefltr's shop in Russell-street, Covent Gar- 
den, which was firequented, as Payne's was 
when he lived at the Mcws-gate, by the lite- 


rary corps of tlie Metropolis, and amongst 
them my &ther. 

« Whether this or any desire to benefit 
or oblige, influenced my father I know not, 
but it was at first designed that he should 
publish the History of Music. It is neces- 
sary. In the progress of such a coalition, 
that an author and a ])ublisher should some- 
times meet. The author's views in this in- 
stance, I can aver, were not avaricious ; fur 
I have heard my father laughingly declare, 
that if he got the price of a pair of carriage- 
horses by his fifteen years' laliour, he should 
think himself fortunate. On the other side, 
I have heard Payne say, when by Davies's 
defalcation the contract devolved on him, 
that he should lay by his pro6t8 for his 

"The memoir of Garrick almost intro- 
duces the little I could say, that has not al- 
ready been far better said, of Johnson ; but 
it would, if pursued here, bring me down 
too low in point of time. The same I may 
say of Steevens. Neither of them shall be 
forgotten; but at present, to proceed not 
quite in an outrageously disorderly manner^ 
I must descend to less interesting detail, 
and take slight notice of those neighbours 
with whom, as I have said, * I found my &- 
ther,' when I first began to know wliat was 
meant by society." 

A Silhouette of Sir John Hawkins 
fronts the Volume, which commences 
with a Dedication to the present wor- 
thy Chamberlain of London ; and con- 
cludes with some ** Poetic Trifles by 
Henry Hawkins." A neat engraving 
of Twickenham Common includes the 
houses of Sir John Hawkins and the 
Marchioness of Twecdale. 

18. Historic Facts relative to the Sea Port 
and Market Town o/Ravenspurne m Hol- 
derness. [^By Thomas Thomjjson, Esq. 
F.S.A.'\ 8lo. j)p. 270. 

WE had very lately occasion to no- 
tice Mr. Thompson's ** Obser\'ations 
on the anlient State of Holdcmess,** 
(see vol. xcii. ii. 629) ; and we are 
happy so soon to meet with him again. 

It is a prospective benefit, arising 
from the rapid nnprovcnieni of Topo- 
graphy, that we shall in the end know 
the real manners of our ancestors, with 
which, whatever may have been pul)- 
lished, we have at present only a su- 
perficial acquaintance. Unfortunately, 
from the necessity of costly engravinfj:s, 
and the narrowness of sale, such works 
are too expensive for general circula- 
tion ; but could they be issued in oc- 
tavo volumes, like the present, we are 
satisfied ttiat the public benefit would 


mhftU^JI pf» i»)iw* >ii t mAmt PHI iilH, I 

' Mm of flwMlMit b. th> t^m rf 

dwww lM(a ■ goo* tl ^b n ar.r gf w wiwpl 

- , itlimMi,GMMlUt)i^< 

DWMu«Mnta*. CWwOmISE-- 


public TMorJ ii known to exist or the 

periqd, wben it wai 
the tea. (P. S03.) 

br two jmnAmM rtraalK ti^lw, Abh- 
whick b ft matt bnot'iM pntfpaet. Em- 

Iwiameil in Ilea appun tha uobl* lowfr 

WM (wallowed up by ofHelmil«yC«tU',Md« 

_ I beuitifiil Tillej, 1 

Ift. ^ TVi^iiijra^Unil Dietirmary of YoA- On enterii^ the lull the apccutar ii ibiufc 

(bin, amlidmng the Namei tf aU the witb the geutnl air of greatnesi it ccinveyi f 

TbHnu, Villaga, HamieU, tmnmt Per- hen ii a fine [oecB of uulptuie cUled tha 

K»u, l^c. ifc. By ThomM Lugdile- 9«>. JJog qf Alaiiiadcs, wd to h( the work of 

pp. 446. Longnun and t%. Mjron i IhJbw^ in Ida description at it^ 

WE a 

of lhi» useful Work, whiuh has been ,. ... . ■ , . 

re-wtitten .nd carefully esomined bj t^»"*™ Janmng., ejq. who brought « 

i« Compiler, who ha( «^ually vi' ^rMfpt^^^'l^/.TS 

med the™i»tpartortheCouniy. .^, U rank. ,mong the fi™Tra(™ 

Much Tflluable information has been Sm of (utimiitr." Hen ii elio the bDOii* 

obtuned by coirespondence with ihe jutue ailed iXicofatJuj, which, «j. Gilra, 

rendcot Cleigy. To relieve the dull < i, e,ieenied the fiiit ituue in Englud. 

Kdinm of detail, many historical and It eihilnti on (very aide the iiiatMt pnpor- 

Uographical notices are introduced, tioat, and tba moat pleasing attiMdiB.* 

Of theie we shall give a apecimen or Notwithstuding the pnijudica ud ilUbnd 
two, (elected at laDtlom : 

x JIMitau, East and Waat, f tovniblp, „. . ,„ ^ .. . -. ^ ..- 

• buildtr, be oaitifaalr 
^■^ oulrifBd to pre an ' ' ' ' 

"TSZTSJITT*^ d.- e™.;-™ ™, »aK««olh.™inp«»foitb.« 

^fcrtfi^d In im, tbat boMinua and "^'^l^? .^_ f^A.*^ J"^^^!^ 
h tiiiihia. Dwmnktn Aemdy or 

■■I7 BMTbgtoD, bat wboN r«^ aune if- * EngMvcd ia toL uxviii. f.V>l. 



- Wj|- 


to bbtH t. ' 

Ptafixed to we work is a good map 
itftieClMuiti I I a cnrions tablte of 
orfftiiMNfcfl ditflances of the* towns c^ 
Yorkshire fiom London » and from 

WImko the. amazing extent of this 
C9M|[i1^ts.'ipoD9idered» containing abodt 
^1^,S86 acres of land« with a popula- 
tiQi\ (sf l»173«t87 persons; andf the 
immeme mastf of minote particniars 
hoe collected, whidi are well coo- 
demed within a moderate -sized to- 
llMW» «t an easy price, we think the 
Bdilor entitled to much commenda- 
liM')^«nfl'we hope his coontrymen, 

wtt'ttioperiT reward his industry. 

,jj ■ ■ ■ • ■ 

L-'U •. i- » 

K> n 

to. Strmm idkmti tU SaJUn' BaUt be^ 
MNm lib jMsrtiaoo omf 1810. Bytke 
fal» Jbp. fii^ WorthugtoB. 809. ji^ 
5M. SUdmordi. 

TUB ehreomstahces under which 
ijak Tolame b ofiered to tlie public, 
am m reniarlcable as the Sermons are 
dMrnaehrea exceUent. 

iheasditsiioeof aoCenbysLnd^t 

vlw Has kas a aMoibcr of tht lata Mr. 
Wartltatars aoBgngatioa. Thty hwa 
bsBB eaaninady by mm oompetent judges, 
■s oomct specimenB of his style of preach* 
ii^ ; as naetkf they are now printed, for pri- 
vate dreaUtioa. The writer of Uiis Pre- 
&ca, who can answer for their correctness, 
has long prized them, not only for their 
intrinsic excellence, but as a pleasing me- 
morial of the uaeommonhr retentive memory 
of a nradi-^fideared relative and friend. 
Thoagh BoS ffivea as complete discourses, 
they aaay still be perused lirith advantage, 
particularly by the young, with whom Mr. 
Worthin^^ton was always a favourite preacher. 
The above statement, it is hoped, while it 
beijpaiks candour, will disarm criticism." 

The writer of the present article, 
though not an attendant dn Mr. Wor- 
thington*s ministry, was in the habits 
of personal intimacy with him, a slight 
acquaintance with his very learned fa- 
ther; and in some former pges of our 
Obituary, vol. lxvii. p. 98^, and vol. 
Lxzxvii. ii. p. 188, contributed his 
mite towards doing justice to the me- 
mory of both. 

Ginoe, and only once, he was in- 
doeed, from the celebrity of the 
yoaoMr Mr. Worthineton's name, to 
stimd at SsJters* Hall; and though 
the partanilar tulgeet of that day*s dis- 
coafM is not recollected, a sutBcient 

mipeciaim 01 it iciniiii ^ 
a s serti o n tfaet he ^as a 
energetic preacher. Far i^^ , 
the ravings of an enthasi^s^ 
his voice was sonorous, oia j 
was mild and persuasive, and hii.iiittf* 
ter that pf a pious and seriooa Chna* 
tian Divme. 

The Discourses now fmldished najp 
be perused with instruction fay ChfhP 
tians of eveiy deriomination.^ Thejr 
are XXXVI. 1 and if the wordtf oT a& 
I^eacher are not precis^ ptesetndS^ 
hn sentiments certainly are ^ * ' ' 
language not deterionted in 
throiwh the memoiy of die h 
complished Ferpetuator of 

We have only room to add die con- 
tents of the sevoal Sermoos. . 

1. On RsljpkMS Pwjndiaes. t. Oa 4^ 
Exodkaca of our Savioair^s TmMtm^ 
S. Op tba Baspeasibni^ sftashsd lodrWiV- 
man Talents sad Fri«ilqns^!r-4« Oia j^ Jb^ 
motabahy of tba ^•■ftrnirf ffairtju- ■!,- 
Faith in an naaamSavioiir^— 9. 6or &^ 
vionr's l>;^^P^yw fiar his Pffsc^atassin^. 
7. The Thief on the Cfoss.«-8. Oa Ite- 
Restondou of the Jews.~9. Oa a tVitaia 
Ststew— 10. On the htun HsM^iesa ^ 
dieRighteoaa.— 11. CharaeCar of iML^n 
li. Oa the CoBdnet of Oirist prior ta his 
aoblic Mbiistnr.— 18, 14, 15, 16, 17. Fhf 
Lectures on tiie Acts oi the Ajpoitlea^— > 
18. Character of Esther. — 19. The Conn 
nexioD between the Ahrahamic and Chrii- 
tian Covenants.— 90, 21. On the Hever- 
ence due to our Saviour. — 22. The Goodr: 
ness of God in the moral world.— -23. Tba. 
Mode of the Christian Dispensation best 
suited to the state of Man. — 24. The Suffi-^ 
ciency of Scripture Evidence. — 25. Copipa-^ 
rative View of the Offices of Christ. — 26* 
On the Wisdom of our Saviour's Parables.-— 
27. Raising the Widow's Son. — 28. Caases 
of the Refection of Christ hy the Jews.— 
29. The Dntv of Thanksgiving.— SO. Eli- 
sha and the Widow of Sarepta. — 31. Oa tha 
Lord's Supper. — 32, 33. Rules for studvii^ 

the EpisUtt 34. The Gospel a hidden 

Treasure. — 35. Ingratitude for a beaevo-, 
lent Miracle.— 36. The Blessings of Peace." 

21. A VhtMcaUm qf the AuOimtmty (^ 
the Narraiioes contained in thejirst two 
Chapters qf the Gospels qf (S^/. Matthew 
and St, Luke ; being an Investigation t^ 
Oljections urged by the Uniiarian EdUors, 
qfthe improved fusion qf the New Testor 
ment ; with an AppauHx,' ooniainuig 
Strictures on the Fariations between the 
first and fourth Editions qf that Work. 
ByaLa^an, 8«o. /ip. 404. Rirhif- 



r,SDd idionia. 
', and othn 
, Aat what 
' elncMbtJM, 
in the Eut. 
d is R Mi^ 
swell TCned 
and who has 
■MS, iriiomi, 
f the BiUe; 
line produMa 

of Nidbuhr, 
lea would be 
ImtratiAi al- 
regiinled the 
inllance, iti 
re than (oat 
irditif; to Col. 
Indu to thte 

10 <ae whole Ttbraifn 'acdnnnl 
with no other wsalt than '' ' 
about the bortr."— We want 
coww* and dt^ ilhMiratHni of Ab 
BIbte, as Buhop WMMm'a ApBhn 
M in another view. Theoli)^, iff % 
pregeiit sfBtF, uioA resetnbl 

■TheolMy,'! ._ 
tic literature ntnler tbe'ftigD of Aria^ 

Lttlesf di«ciUitoQ utd M ioa- 

But we have cxhaiMted bar liitaiti. 
Mr.Holden appears tb tn a'Aopd'b^ 
lical aebolar, who haa done^ii Jgjy 
tohiatabacTibenmd HtepubKc '1m 
only legret, tf>at the Booktf EccM 
MHtet, or any other part of fte Hb|L 
had not, centniiea-aM k oooitf** OM* 
nKBtaty oa TefteraHp' add tOlMidtt- 
tin as the HotnlKea.Mid^llitt.'MRb 

ilet episcopal sanction, we-4eepiyi!^ 

[ate, arid pfo- 

We do not mean to sp<'-ak thus in 
dnrespect of Mr. Holdcn, whose work 
ia writlen in the manner of a scholar, 
and is of course edifying. We only 
nean to say that there is a viist waste 
in theolosical erudition. A man may 
nad all nis life, and yet not know 
what IB the correct *eri<on oribe law 
of the aubjeci. The first authorities 
-an fallible; e.g. take the following 

" TV granhapptr shaU be a turdtn. I 
Mtinly apse iiith Dr. Smith, wboae in- 
tM]>elUioa la tliua suiuiued up b; Park- 
^tLflT.inain; < The dry, ■Iininlc, ihri- 
wBari, cmiDullng, craggy, old mui, h'a 
hafc-lxiM itickiog out, Ms kneei proiecC- 
laf .forwanU, hii mmu backmrdi, hit bcid 
fc—wa»dii andths uophuaei, or bunchlnjg 
|ina af ifaa bom m genenj enlarged, » 

— ^ — *- -* ^-d by th»t insects And 

.... Hiaa, -oittioat all doabc, 

« tha 4bl* of Titlarais, tbst, Hiiing Id 

w tUagit be mu at lut tunsd into 

Aofptr. (Mlur aad vtn/ diffarail 

a mar ba leen io Foli Synopa. ud 

"—-1. p. iL lib. 4. cup. 8. — Sm 

_•_•'._. T,j. I, p. aj4." 

We by BO means intend disrespect 
Qwrt.1S*«. Ftbruary, 1993. 


Theinflneticeorthe L.. _„ _ 
favour of the Church of 'B.nffMllA.Ici^ 
been very great; and wbore flaWMfi 
ar<i dubious, it b ea^ In an ao; WK 
why a permanent and stanijing exptt- 
sure nrthe wickedness of perrerting 
the sacred text, or of the folly of dia- 
senting from its aclual honafidewKaa- 
ing, should continue a desideianita, we 
know not; at least, we are satislied 
thnt no incontrovertible reason can be 
assigned why it should be so. 

S3. A Second Letter to Uie Earl q/'Iirar- 
pool, on the Foreign and British Bihk So- 
nifty. By the Rev. J. Scbolefield, M.J. 
Fdtmei^ Trinity C^rge, Cusbri^g. SM. 
pp. 199. 

THAT a learned Clergy makes ab 
enlightened people ; that an ignorarit 
Clergy makes a Eiarliarous people ; and 
that tne regular Clergy, as a body, are 
the pillars of civilization, we solenin]f 
believe. We alio think that eteiy 
man should be able to read the Bible, 
and that he also should poneM a BiUe; 
and that whether he does H> throogli 
the agency of the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge, or that of the 
Bible Society, is to the Staceaman aod 
Philosopher a matter of utter intUf- 
ference. That the latter Society maf 
be suspected of sinister, at least of \ii- 

vImM A« iNirtlni' ■»•»? — -^ 

■nd kk •mbbh 'dmBhUn mt kii 
with tin woowB. -v 

« tame* ■ vOTk, wd iwJt ima 

m wlitch. the Baionet appears to ad- tagt tiiiigei, otiieti uljoiacil the Wift 

^BfaloB K the princiaal Rsure. ■'"'■ "^ tl" P"^ I do not ■ffinn tbak tUk 

V/T moderfcli^tywuof JI othm ^nwt 

' *< Sir RowUiid, the ucoud nf t)ie family luefol or aolightaoed, but to ■ p«iilrr^ ab- 
4^ had boRii thit oBme, wu it thit ' . -i < _. >. 


MilBigUdi BuDD, io uiciBal timci, ud number of olderlj MIcad 

.«M^MM>iiiqmMivs of awe bj its migni- in their pTDuer ruki, and the n*p|M&il 

fifn ud I'titj jmt of ige, Mid lud irhale effitct on ■ juiuig raiad *■■ g^nllf 

widowM muiv yon. Hii mwiDBr increased by the otMi Mpfmiagfia ott hm 

' wie not vhollj diuimikt to that of eitabliibmast, >uch, for initance, aa toa 

icienl timei. and number of olderlj atleadantt, all amazed 

awe bj its magni- in their pTDuer raaki, aod the iinii|iilfii1 

the noeial bap- manner ot tbe nei^tbowriDg g eottj * Tfao 

1. 'rbe splendid bscioatian, howerer, would Dot Wa httn 

teniive park, ip- complete, ot at leaatit would bar* oobIuj^ 

le of trees, and but • terf ahart time, had not dM (ppw* 

lat by a wood of anee, chancter, mannaraj and opciuatluua 

Snnly withstood of the poasaaaoT bimaelf, np^led die &d^ 

eulve centnriea, ine chanD. Hia penou was nagalarit gtaoa- 

hout the larrifie Au, fats eoaotenanea beamed with t)<ai)iii 

hie eaitle. The lence, and in his addreaa than wi* ^ Aa 

r«r tikan aiity or polUcDes*, wlthoul tha ferowU^.a^iatet 

tMHD were many is eallad the old Bchosl. He had-faa*Kaial* 

>^weia eonsianilr left a uiDor, nndar tbe.gnadhaaUpitftia 

lagularly in (he uncle, ny moaliu'* fMber, aid atSth 3W>- 

■^Ariii'-tfclL A pMtk of ftn-bsBBdi was nell, £p. of Winebaatar, who bad awiM 

-4ipt«i«aK H) moeh fci lb amoaaiMac of obb of his aantei hit. &thw and iiiM|j»r 

>l>pyii"K"i aMmugh ha was btaaeK pai- haviag both died at Biiata^ »illun.'« iwk 

jgalitag^ARviuaif hunting, as for « ton of each oihar, wImu he w«a jtrjjvwg- 

«(-«V<R|»S «lttU,,lta ihauU draw aroaiid Re wu asnt bj hi^ giwiduoi to Qeqiaia, 

-itJUM^ja^Bilban^ gemleipeii.. &it it where be prhu/paSi recfetrad bfarltdWiBtlAi, 

"lf%^ Xilfia^ii^ tf^ tba leseinUantt to 'lod «4Mia- lie tt^ilt*d duu ^WjlHrof 

< tb* flWMt. WHMiM MAii^Spnit 

- tic* w£iiA M n iki^h^iiMndl 


< ncipro- 
cd, Cbrit- 
wil) con- 
In. CoppA 
e motroDi 
'Bting the 
m the fe- 
Mf^CDanctcr, nave conierred a moit 
OiprtaQt and laiting benefit on lo- 
UMIji ' Li lefiETring to the lalutary cf- 
faelt «r iheir ioflaeiice and ncample, 
«l4«aB pawetfiilly reminded of the ad- 
■MlDOn pnmonneed b; one of the 
BCWCminetlt of onr living Dinnet, 
in ilM"preKBM of an iUuatrioDs atidj- 
ll lh )i " Thtte can be no hopniness or 
iHw'icyr a' State without nublie vjr- 
ISIIy ttMHi catL be no pubtic virtue 

|il£u(! or {Hnate," 

96. Jn Jccount r^ the Life ami ff^ritinzi 
{^LnrdBjTon. im. pp.iOO. Calbum. 

BIOGRAPHY of eminent men, 
wbelber in Literature or otherwisr, 
bu b^ien ever juetly Rckoned a moat 
oitAI tt veil a» entertaining study, as 
irlkritts Tip to posterity a picture of the 
pirereminence to which .superiority of 
taJcDlt or industry have raised their 
poHHior^ while at the same lime it 
poinU out the shoals nnd quicksands of 
unmoralilies, errors, or follies, u|K)u 
wtaich ardent and impetiious Genius 
hM'been too fteqiKntly stranded. 

iWeiball not here enter upon a cri- 
licwn of any of the noble Lord's nro- 
duellDiu, either individnally or coilec' 
liWij, but merely? upon an account of 
bWlife and Writings ; yet the one is 
lo'iBtinialely and closely connected 
■HUi the other, that in reviewing the 
latter^ it wiU ba utterly im|iossihte to 
Mfiiitii it in an; degree from the for- 

Tiiere e 


■; we arc inclined to 
among the totally 
al>andoned, but one 
in the mind of cvenf* 


P<^ical beautie*; yet even tha* '^. 
pear like the iparki of that fin ivtiicn, 
acconling to oar divine poet ISilfMi^ 

Sfits ilfuninato the Urrific iqAami 
the infcrna] r^oti*, wbiahr bbw 
onW to bnm. and sbiiM M de*auata.'iii 

To point out to the iaupbnnibfd 
and anwsiy the dannr* tbof iimm 
in perusing thcnpoblicatiuH'Witbtllpl 
a guide, and witbodl a coainetA, iMt 
pears to be the obicet of (he ivriter W 
tbepmeot Work: aince^ with llrtr Hitii 
dour of true ciitietsm, the AothBr'jf^ 
et^iiei and acknowtedgn tl>Q C^i$ 
lalents and extraordinary geniitt wim 
which the nt>ble Lord it ^Aed.wKlft 
he strongly reprabate* the iiD[>imv aoA 
immoral pnrpotes for wfaictf (pnkf*^ 
dor) they have been prottitntcdi' --r, ft 

llieie intentions ^ave bee*. .Ul^ 
accomplished in tlie Life of Let^'Bju: 
ron, and as such the Author fa cntlKd 
to pnblic re^>cct aod apprebathtn'. " . "v 

There is one circumstance W^'Kltf' 
it our duty to notice. The walk 'is 
evidently compiled by wholesale, with> 
out acknowlejgiuent; and consoqueaib-: 
ly possesses but a small share of origi-. 
naliiy. The Compiler's prirMi|Hil re> 
sources seem to hare been the Par- 
age, (he Quarterly and Monthly Pub-' 
lications; notes to Lord Byron's va- 
rious Poems ; Hobhouse's Travels in 
Albania, &c. ; with poetical extracts 
occaaionaJly introduced. 

SJ. ' Omtinea ijf Chia'acitT, By a Mtmler 
tf the Phibnnalhic Inatitution. aco. pp. 
SOS. Lougnui and Co. 
WE consider this to be one of the 
most agreeable volumes of Essays witti 
which we have lately been made ac- 
quainted ; and judeinE the Author by- 
his UTcteosions, which aie merely to 
exhibit "Outlines of Character," we 
can with truth assert that his etchings ' 
are of a very spirited cast. This is 
eridently the work of a msn of good 
taste, both ill morals and in literature. 
There is a manlinesa of sentiment, and 
a healthiness about it, which have in- 
terested DS extremely, and we recom- 
mend the perusal of the Volume with 
(he HKMl uoqtHlificd approbation. 


" Aninrt theia opponiu pciiMWita 
■td 111 wtilir mhiiiMbwi iiliriwiiil .na 

AMMMiw«»«BtelBM(lufintenn, tmcth« Jmn. H* M«.Ki^.MtM>Ikp,-ta 
« » j jfcll l M wy rfawBj^ M>i »«lni». il i. <Hyl to. lh» 'y«~*'°*''.!^^jW 

• Vohmm-th 
tbiqi;ta,aAr.mtbawnQf e ,_ 

STTb'b >«>nN^toM, tbfth. pnwble theon«, but we ic 

■ nn- arfvana^, ud k.wtilldMerK^-a.,,. ,. 

eu^*ofourlangu«gB. ^,;.„i 

n.i'miiitiiiiil (od !■ ka BOl plm$ lUKcn^ Me' (riM Cteo gflO* 
4dm4. tW tb« »T i. di^ £^q^«^nfa- %C!9£>&£: 
lali I When ttu UndaneiM ». W. Sbo. jy. SA ' ' ' ' ' ■"" 

4SX?;X'i'i.*i'^'Sri! . WHATEVEK !.^= eo^d d, to 

MUtctoMMniotlHMndBic;; St»1l tlicH illottraUcnof the divme mode* ofac- 

avn^ t^ipo^tioiu nroit IsTe thuir pio- tion, iti Kieuces of the most dtfficiill 

^bijfwft noting emua I ud phrenolon and nbslruu chaiacter. Sir Isaac New^ 

1U IiMm uHrti the abmrditj of their n^ ton (lid. He was inveslcd with ■ K«l 

^UAh^ An ^ miHt ntionBl philosophn nimbui; he was an actoal itejlied clul« 

ttwtta-UMt letioiu OD he jwriormed irith- racter ; a man who, by^iviiw permn' 

*it*{«™», or thrtm effect caaeiiitwfeh- tjoa, had an apotheosii UpOh ^earth J- S ■ 

ito» prarioM CTiue." man who made Of the mathhuatlcs a 

,;, r^hfl/following observations on pul- Jacob's ladder, ascended to heaven, 

pi^fiqrtoiy ate sensible and judicious : and discovered laws of divine agency, 

; -M*4iaBiT be ifiEcu]'. to my, wLelhtr tha which, but for him, would tot tver 

KMacrikni' of the Chriatiu dispCDantiim ^^^ beel^ cavelopeil in old-ttomajosm, 

bBKiBB shW, or a more arduoDB taik to Lord Bacon opened a.a<!ing<')choOl in 

the moiat tewben of anti- the mimhgr of I*b)l0BOphyj but SJT 

'-■'■-' — '" '■ '^-~ '- Isaac NewtoQ alooe was Um Beller»- 

phon, who niadc ■ Pej^us of hii si)l»> 
i;.:ii 1,5 „j, ^^^ ^r p„^ (^ 

_. J. ^ . .. , ^ He worlied by the TOathb- 

^-« ™"^ A T" V ^ """i" J chemist^ «as in il. Teal prin- 
i'Jl^:^'S^^" k*l*!S: ^'Pl^ unknown ; ftnd yet it is a Most 

■ - ins Wt to euian thair '^' ouf^'^s compelled to thmk tTlSt 

Kiad OTitoi » sot alvaji *« Newtonian theiwy wmceining tlii 

HfOB ibt elahocata taak irf Tides is incomplete. The power wbicti 

IbiaaM'aiptiMedtoadtmt ^^ foretell must certainly beaoqnrate 

W9iBW(^hn^or.wanafth)Ki- in.part, as.M it^bjrpqtbesis'of-tbfit^al 


Slack on Classical Literature, 


theory should not command a fair inres- 
tigation. As to water vibrating and 
rising, there can be but three causes 
of it; oscillation of the containing 
body, agitation by heat, or removal of 
superincumbent pressure. 

Here we must take our leave of 
Capt. Furman, who deserves infinite 
praise for the gentlemanly temper with 
which he treats his opponents. 

29. Remarks oil the Nature and Teitdency 
of Classical Literature, S)C, By the Rev, 
Samuel Slack, M.j4. d^c. Svo. pp, 194. 

THE grand ostensible benefit of 

Classical Literature is, that it forms a 

stanckird of laste, i. e. of thinking, talk- 

^ ^ . ing, and writing, which no other spe- 

earlh, the greater may te the weight of cies of literature can confer; for every 

man, liberally educated, thinks and 

are yet latent. We do not mean to 
My mat the mathematics are not the 
toads in which Nature travels; we 
only mean that chemical philosophy 
famishes the means of motion at all. 
Geometry cannot be a principle of suf- 
ficient extent for sucn an universal 
law as that to which Sir Isaac New- 
ton applies to it. 

We think that experiments to dis- 
prove it may be made with the air- 
pump. The chemical attraction of 
cohesion is undoubted. That forms 
density, and were the centre of the 
earth a vacuum, all bodies must tend 
to it. Capt. Forman shows (pp.47, 
48) that the famous law of the square 
of the distance is unsound ; and the 
nearer a &lling body approaches to the 

tlie superincumbent atmosphere. No 
man can lift his hand off an exhausted 
receiver; and every inch of this earth 
is prestfed down by a column of air 
thirty miles high. We do not say 
that we have unravelled this Sphinx's 
riddle, or are able to do so. We only 
believe Chemical Agency to be of much 
more universal operation in the laws 
of Nature than Geometry; and that 
experiments concerning the real cause 
of gravity and attraction may be use- 
fully made with the air-pump, magnet, 
and thermometer. To use Capt. For- 
man's arguments (pp. l6, 17) in other 
views of the subject, it is hard to con- 
jecture how propellent and stationary 
centripetal and centrifugal properties 
can be made to act in unison ; and yet 
ihe Newtonian theory of gravity im- 
plies as much, if we suppose the earth 
to act like a magnet by properties in- 
herent in se-, any air rises in water; 
and hydrogen gas rises in air, merely 
l)ecaiisc the respective substances are 
lighter in bulk than the c^uantity of 
either of the respective lluuls of the 
same dimensions. The gravity or at- 
traction of the earth has nothing to 
do with these familiar phacnomena ; 
but it ought, if the attraction was mag- 
netic and universal. We are told that 
the contact of lunar rays ripens fruits, 
and accelerates the crowth of vegeta- 
bles (sec Alexander Wilson's "Obser- 
vations on the Influence of Climate on 
Animal and Vegetable Bodies,'' chap. 
VL); and if so, we do not see, a 
priori^ why there may not be a chemi- 
cal action of the Moon in reference to 
the Tides ; and why ('apt. Forman*s 
Gent. Mag. February, 1823. 


speaks, out of the technicals of business, 
like a Roman. There can be no bet- 
ter exemplification of this eiev<ition of 
sentiment, than Mr. Slack's own pam- 
phlet, of which the style and thinning 
are very superior. TLo illustrate our 
position ; let any man take the writings 
of the Middle Age, when the Classicks 
were not in vogue, and form his style 
and habits of thinking merely from 
them. In Philosophy he will find 
himself a quibbling scholastic rea- 
soner; in history, a di-y jejune nar- 
rator; in poetry, a mere ballad-mon- 
ger. To say that the present supe- 
riority of intellect could be derived 
from any other than a classical source, 
would be to aflirm that general con- 
formity can proceed from any other 
cause tiian universal imitation. In 
short, abolish classical education, and 
we reduce the literature of the next 
generation, for want of a standard of 
taste, to niter poverty of sentiment and 
conception, and to meanness of lan- 
guage. Classical knowledge to a well 
educated man, is what Grecian sculp- 
ture is to an artist, i. e. an inimitable 

In this light Mr. Slack has not 
viewed it, but in an exceedingly ele- 
gant pamphlet has vented becoming 
indiu;nati(»n at a mean preference of a 
kitchen-jack to a chronometer. Con- 
veniences are indispensable things, 
but they rank only with tools. A man 
does not <j:et forward by mere skill in 
arithnietick, no more than a carpenter 
does by knoviujr how to use a saw, 
but by his moral and intellectual ha- 

(W«i** imgtfi iifiliii iimnitj fti'iWiiaM 

1 KMM. hhI mi MmbDMkI indw CoMalwCJitt 
uau of Uaadied, uiil ttwt th*7 w«> codavmHitf 

tth pwt ud ordnwl Um officcn ud Midiaii ^ 

B wfat; KconpaaUd Um, to maafai *t (Im dM)a : 

ttsoln- ha <ra« daiinKS M pnwnt Mm a lf ■> '^ 

^-Aad bu, ut nHj hit put;, whioh «m m m t i ML 

aira at bat wU«li lud loM all anil; and tMofaUU, 

s I avM But to rat to tba bar, h «ai niHMiyfc 

jraotd, tnn bu tbaehandat, bac '^~ ** — * 

»!»■, J don bttl bb nat 

Iwhan, Wb«n Nifwlwnib 

oest to oaa-tUrdof tbeon 

}j own dnd mamban mmU 

oftlw lodM^nntldoi 
"Two sTenadit 

Tlia tbe Oeoanl, bad n 

waring wbo bad ittuetantl 

Yoa do not know 
an; tUagV raafad 
ttuoKiDg all ibat ' 

.) raaa. jou tba I 

«*^ Wai. AU tha oth«.0Rpdiac*>lk>i,^ 

>itb u*, thn axampla, and Ibnad NifobiM ost of 

he jaar tbe diamlMr. la tbamolbaioa ooaof dwM, 

fnVna.' nuned Tboni^, ma il^Mh wa»iii bt Aa 

ewcxA thruatof Bdm«r|.«BdlMalotlw*4MpBiP 
Iher wan eattbtoof^ , 

r a mo- ■' Tbe Geneial dooandad into iha eouft- 

■t ; and Uiaa vent od again empluticallj : yird, called the Roop< into > circle bj^ beat 

hi Cooititutum of the jieu lll.l — yon of dram, sot oa honeback, u' ' 

kmgeT — jnu Tiolated il on (ha them r ■ 1 wu about (uid he) 

irf Froctidor, when the Govern- to them the meana of aat' 

kiAinged oa tbe mdepetulence of the and resMring onr gloiy. 

lathe Body f jnm vloUted it on the with ihelr dunn. It 

ivmg the nqmbttt, 
loejr aniiwed i»a 

Tillihliliii Body f yoa vloUted it on the with ihelr dunn. It wm thiM thej wotU 

a &i alfc of Rairid, In the year VII., wben haie accomplUbed tba iriaha of the allU 

<riW L<gUl«t)ra Bodjr itruck at the iade- kiogi. Wbat mora ooald England Imm 

jptodaBeaaf tbe Goremmenti jou violated done? Soldlen, maj I lelj npoD you?' * 
It OB Ae twenty-iecoad of Floreal, when, " Uoaaiiaaiu accluoationi formed tha la- 

kf a noUeeioui decree, the GavemmeDt pi; to this ipeech. Napoleoa ioitintly oi- 

and the LeeulMive Body invaded the loio- dered a cipUln to go with ten men into ^M 

npgn^iif the people, btaoanlliag the elec- chamber of the live Hundred, and to Cbe- 

£«■ made by them. The ConBtiCulton be- rate the Pmident. 

'iff vkJalad, there must he a aew compact. " Lucien bad juat throwa off his robe. 

MfW eoannteee.' ' Wretcbea '. (exclaimed he] you bilit QkM 

'' Tlie fiirce of this apeech, and the eaergj I ihoutd put out of the protection of tW 

el dia Genenl, brought over three-fiiurthi lam my brother, the savioar of the conn- 

<i^t memben of the Council, who rose to try, him wboae very name caueea khus to 

h«Bnr[ thor approbation. CoroudeC and tremble ! 1 lay aside the insignia itf tha 

Bellini %pdke powerfully to the same el!ect. populu marastracy i 1 offitr myself in tha 

& a«nber roae in apposition ; he denounced tribune a* iha defender of bim wbem you 

ibf Oeneral as the only cODSpiraCor against commaiid me to immolate unheard.' 

mly CODSpiraCor asi 

fine lihai^. Napokon intemipM^ the "Thos saying, he quitted the chair, a|ut 

ofator, and deolared that he was in the se- darted into the trlbime. The officer of gre- 

etat ofatary party, and that all despised the nadiers then presented himself at the £o[ 

Cgartitation of Uie year III. ; thatcbeonly of the chamber, excluming, ' f'iue la iUpu?- 

^^r*ni:e eslatiag between them was, that liquef It was supposed that the trocwa 

'Wba Ailrad to have a moderate Repuhtlc, were sending a d^utation to express their 

ttWdch dl the national interests,' and all devotion to the cmincils. The detain wa< 

mafntf, ibonU hi guaranteed i while, on received with a JoySil expresaloa uf l^ltog. 

"tt vim hand, the others wished for a ra- H« availsd himaalf of the mia^preheiision, 


t addition* ;'-Bbli6iK'^n4iA^'4 
« fonnd, an Harmony df^bV OtJibe 
the proj^eries telative to dnlSciral 
the calling of the Jews, &c. 

porUmt a 

rr°B 83. 4 Letter to Dr. Duwin ifSiavmAmi 
™S- amlmong Gentmie Reports, OsMdh^ 
•*."■ iad-naeimNenaaMlieliM,lte.,BM, 

riS •''"■ ""■«•■'"■ ;,: 

'coio, MEDICAL work! tbonld be mMW* 

lame, medicallj, otherwite m wide fidd VMft 

tcnnl be opened for nonsenie ud npnaW' 

, tlM tioQi and cbariiu, vitiu ta'(hfiiM^ 

tniei pil^iouigei, and all torti of fMjvmf 

hait. a^iQ be revived. What a ferioai tiA' 

• •>«- fiediment is thusofiered to thaobMrMb' 

"IJ^ tion of valuable knowledge, maj- W 

""'•* easily im^ined. If in apoplo^ Mt 

old woman wai called npoa to -ft^ 

□ounce a chtrm, oot a nugeon U^ 

oEng apply hi« lancet, the conaeqaeiiManf, 

ittn- obviou*. We do not blame Ml. Sufn^. 

lata for collecting cats* of inianit*) bift< 

when the nervoua miem U ntfWKf 

vkUh not to be nndentood, we mnat h^ 

^^ him to pardon n» lor not comminiMp 

Fo^ oundvea. There ii a fknton* FlmieSp 

a^ka booL " De la Faht" (we fbiHt ■>/H»i , 

_^-^_».-^.. ail ,j^ ,a_^ '*^ anthort name), to which wo reftf'fctt. 

miiA^DiPPia. Btte4«.H«o. Snape cm the wbject of Insanity. Itf 

UEV of eminent piety and learning is a common proverb " who can tcR* 

of all persoasions have been of opinion, what an oitd man will dai" and iit 

that some judicious guide is wanted to the same manner we say, who can tell 

direct the attention of the reader of the what influence novel impressions m^y 

Bible to the most useful and important have upon Lunaiicks i So far we 

pMtaoea. Amongst these Dr. Walts think, in justice, due to Mr. Snape) 

and toe great Locke may be particu- and we sincerely believe, that, in can- 

larly mentioned. The late venerable dour and fairness, he will not expect 

Bisiiop PoTteus was of a similar opi- us to decide between natural occui- 

nion, and selected chapters for inexpe- rentes and providential interpositiona, 

ricDced readers. With the same views, when, as in nervous cases, we know 

a Society hat been set on foot, which nothing of the modes of action 

perhaps is not generally known to our We should be utterly insensible Jo 

itiden, to distribute what are called the meriu of a worthy and ^niable 

PorUuiian Biblei, containing the text man, if we did not forewarn hiin of 

withoDt note or comment; but the the danger of reviving the very wont 

spritnal and practical chapters are errors of Popery, by taking up such 

marited with die fignre 1.; ihe histo- a presumption, thut when there ii 

ricalS.) and the chapters of more pe- too strong a determination of blood 

ndlai interest, 1 with a ■. Theire is to the h^, placing the patient in » 

abo an Index to the principal subjects, particular pew at Church, and prO' 

Hk volume is recomtnended by the nouncing exorcbms, will have the 

Ret. W, Gnrney, Rev. J. Rudge, Dr. effect of leeches, 

CoHys, Dr. Waugh, and oth«r Minis- From p. 3a, it appears that Mr.- 

ten of difierent denominations. Snape will not be satislied with us,' 

The Portensian Index is also printed unless we solemnly renounce our own 

' * ' and has passed tniough opinions on the subject, which are 

cuiuuns, each with successive en- simply these, to nave under all casei 

gwnU( aod the present contains of diseaae, the beet possible Mtdual 

1 flMiptnal Tablet and ottan im- advice. Mi.Snapeit ftatdoftheHb- 


bwvt'MpMiy^' " we ua t^ to reail, 

tfi, and know it : ,^ 11^0 aotuMUoma wonMa." 

This amiable jimto, theo, begin to 
I a happy paraphrate of ,i,ew •ome ligiu of cr — ="= 


^^■*J^l^:^.:..'l^^^ ««« P«". - itoogbt to be. ti the 

,f.lJ,WKmorjw%nienl raNo.1. nureg^wi jrf the fim. W« Ud.Mt 

lode forwaid to futon mmibcn fi»m 

hllDqwIiibgMiwrbAkiMlmmhKM,'' proof of tbeirXtinwlN^. 

itoal I> a perio^Ml Iiubm. Iim Modad am to i1 iMili ihi 

diaeUafiMantkaii Mil^IiMtafj of nuj «f A* rrrfntfflw ef 

litj of Lrad Byran ud moots ^h, than uj «lhn juilmilMwi.i/ 

ua mnj pamw »1>0 a lingla pan 1 *ad in mariante bbmHh 

" ' ' ' * ' le latiArt'LOii ia pan^riu loldi a IMM 

. r tnaat to of' ' " ' '^ 

Gsoltf noir ■ 

1 ^<ra ao iatnait to of Icaincd mattai now plaoad in a ijitUH* 
" " ■ unB point of Tiair. "A^wqik. 

to _ . — 

tbajwill not pntcam alMBBtlnartJ ~ 
(ha oae of tdlkg Aa baanaddad. 
Bjna'a sriMUsa an ««. The 2 

not to tio and penpionoiB point of Tiair. Td* 

bimar khan ndiwcd toa^nttpandloaalbiBt ai>l 

not hi die s^gba^ tet* 

I andif tlw 
tbajwill not pntcnn alawBBtlnartidaafBatEadie s^gba^ 

ad^ la MOO- MUf CoiUTi VLA. pnaaU a 1*17 owlMlf 

. , c,Iikafiil)T, fa tJ amaring m H wi gi of mi iotl l neiM jm* 

atownb part. TUn an duaAf adMAkai. «llkw 

;.T„c -^- fcw orimaf articUa la nwp ai n J . Mh^^ 

as. Of tha PainpUet os (ha CUuadtaa than, Stat tkdt fMj intma^ «ni de«k*> 

TiMii. iiiilwiii iinljl- Trj that, muurKt- low aAnd th* ladn n»eh gfatWtatfawt 

idt^, it & a iMect in the Legiaktun, ^it but va regnt to obaarra aonc tiifli^ anaa* 

nir^ii PubHck Loam m negodaUi at dote* which nould havs been batter omitted. 

d' tn thii eonntiTt except undei tbe tpeci- The selection bu ceitBilnlj been loo indi»- 

fc itipaUtioiu of an Aot of Parlament, crimuute. 

which itipuktioni ma; lupplj tbe plua of 40. Mh. KilSOh'i Poetical Eumt, ao- 
the Laid Chtnoellor ]n cuei of & ■Imiki corapaoied with delicate anit elegant Wood- 
" nseiC an ' 

.jd, where the interierenee ofa third par^ Eagratingt, eiocuted 1;^ himself an pk»- 

i> eaaential. It ii no dumpect to tbe An- ini; amuiaaieiita of bia BoTie Sab^enm. 

tbor that we nj so more ; for not ■ word We moat bag bim for ever in fiiCnta to 

nioro can or ought to be mid, on account avoid tuch abbrariationi u " T reiunu bu 

of its eren indirect poiiibilitf of furuiihing toil" (p.!) and "mind t' emplof," aul 

a itook-jobbiog «pecaUtion. A moute tnaj "ipolt' attain" Cp.3) ai bejind aaaann 

bera piodoce a mountain 1 and, ia tapii/- cacophonoua and revolting. 

turwbig another proverb, va beartitj wish ■— -— 

that "Non occupet eitremum mbrei," tbe 41. Mr, Thomson*! ATurury Guide cow 

'■Daril ma7 mt tt^e the biodmoat ;" in turn uaeful initiuctioni, aad eibibiU a b«> 

tbt nutter. nevolent and aioiable turn of mind. 

87- The Frets, or Zfterajy Chitchat, a 

■ apiiited and biimoruu) poetical utire, di- 43. The Psnn ^ (rnrge lAe J^burlA, and 

racted agaiut the literarj productiotii of tyncJ, an imooth aod harmonioni. 

the daj. The writer hu avoided all perio- 

i^itiei, at much ai the lubject wauld allow. 43. Mr. Portir's PltaaaTti ^ Hamt, 

Booki, and nOt men, leem to have been hli inovlcala [aetj and the beat feelinga. 

aUect, and maoj' litoraij (juackeriee are pio- 

peitT eipoeed. The veruEcation ia light and 44. The PJeosuns o/'Fanci/ an intended 

aw t bat nldom bejood mediocrit;. to vindicate FrorideDCS 1 and han •ooa 

' ■ -^ — good figuro : partjcukd; that which open* 

SI, Ptofeaaor Bickmanm's Hitbyry of tbefirat part. 

^ienl hsUtutioiu, lasentioni, ^c. baa been 45. Mn. Jickicih'! Affktum'i Kictint, 

djw^ and tranilated from the German, and otbei poemi, pieaent a wholeeome ka- 

IM. Aa •dmotan of the English reader, aon to thoie who tuiolve Aemaelna 'ta tfaa 

7&,Wgd^ orinully noniiitinE of Cievii- aweAil guilt and cruel batbafin of teduottoa. 

' LtTE- 


Literature and Science. 


•o difigeBtly oiplored by Gau. He too 
•pnkf wi^ admintion of the impression 
which the almost perfect rows of colossal 
fimes and the painted halls of the Tern- 
^ ftf Ypaamhal> made upon him. * In my 
Misioii, says Sulkowski, ' the interior of 
ub temple presents so magnificent and 
iplmdid a picture, and makes on the soul 
of every fSeeling heart so profound an im- 
piWHOfny that no other work of human 
umds, and no scene in nature can com' 
pan with it.* Since Mehmed Ali, Pacha 
of Egypt, subdued, without much opposi- 
tioB, the kmgdom of Nubia, formerly in- 
dlptadent, it b open to Europeans, and has 
bteome the object of all recent travellers. 

A Mr. BoNFiGLi, a native of Piedmont, 
b now at Marseilles, who has made the ex- 
pedition in Egypt with the son of the Pacha, 
he attended as a surgeon. On this 
_tion he saw a part of the Nile hitherto 

iplored by European travellers ; by fol- 

Itfiring an immense bend of that river, at a 
phoe where it was supposed to deviate but 
IMe from the track usually pursued by the 
etiwfaoa; whereas it inclosed a vast triangle, 
wMi a narrow neck or isthmus. ' M. Bon- 
M'a traveb will be published in French, 
inth a beautiful map; where Meroe and 
odMT fimons cities will be placed in their 
tnw titiiationa. M. Bonfigli is now going 
to Tripoli, whence he means to cross that 
pwft of Africa situated between Tripoli and 
the WUte Nile, hoping to go to the source 
of tbttt river. 

M. Champolliok, whose discovery rela- 
tive to the Egyptian Hieroglyphics has at- 
tracted so much attention, has now suc- 
ceeded in reading the names of the ancient 
Pharaohs of Egypt, on some of the most 
ancient monuments of that country. 

"It is perhaps not generally known that 
the late Mt.Haylky, the friend and biogra- 
pher of Cowper, was for some years engaged 
in writing the memoirs of his life. These 
memoirs, which are preparing for publica- 
tion, are enriched by a variety of very curitms 
Iflfttera and anecdotes of the most distiu- 
gnished men of his time ; and will no doubt 
provo highly interesting as a piece of literary 
kittory, indited by an accomplished scholar, 
vrfioae life and fortune were devoted to the 
iHimiito of a highly-cultivated mind. 

The Royal Library. 
It n at length settled by the communica- 
tion from his Majesty to the Earl of Liver- 
pool, that the Royal Library is a gift to the 
British nation. We therefore hope this 
ottgnificent collection of useful and orna- 
mental literature, the existence of which is 
•o hcmourable to the taste and unwearied 
onUoity of the deceased Monarch who col- 
IfBtod it, will be deposited in an appropriate 
«di6ccu The following is given as a genuine 

Ivvirr. Mag. February ^ 1823. 


copy of His Majesty *s letter to Lord Liver- 
pool on the subject : 
Dear Lord Liverpool, 
The King) my late revered and excellent 
fsither, having formed, during a long series 
of years, a most valuable and extensive li- 
brary, consisting of about one hundred and 
twenty thousand volumes, I have resolvctl 
to present this collection to the British na- 
tion. Whilst I have the satisfaction, by 
this means, of advancing the literature of 
my country, I also feel that I am paying a 
just tribute to the memory of a parent, 
whose life was adorned with every public 
and private virtue. I desire to add that I 
liave great pleasure, my Lord, in making 
this communication through you. Believe 
me, with great regard, your sincere friend. 

Pavilion, Bright07iy Jem. 1 5 , 1 893 . G. R. 
The Eari of Liverpool, K.G. &c. &c. 

German Universities. 

Great sensation has been excited in Ger- 
many by a Work bearing the following title : 
** On the disgraceful Proceedings in German 
Universities, Gymnasiums, and Lyceums ; 
or History of the Academical Conspiracy 
against Royalty, Christianity, and Property. 
By K. M. E. Fabricius, Librarian, at Brucli- 
sal." This work, of about 200 pages, is de- 
dicated to all the Founders and German 
Members of the Holy Alliance, their Mi- 
nisters and Ambassadors to the Diet ; and 
tells them things that make the hair stand 
on end. Men such as Kant, Fichte, Schel- 
iing,Campe, Lofflcr, Paulus, Krtig, and along 
et cetera of names, to the number of 60,000 
writers, arc here denounced as corrupters 
and seducers of youth, blasphemers, liars, 
incendiaries; who have formed, directly and 
indirectly, an association by which all 
thrones are threatened, and from which all 
the revolutions we have witnessed proceeded. 
IVI. Fabricius knows this Association ; he 
even prints the oath taken by the Members. 
He proposes to abolish all the Universities, 
or at least to place them under the most ri- 
gid surveillance ; for the tutelage under 
which they now are is very far from satisfy- 
ing him ! 

Captain Parry's Expedition. 

An account, though circuitously received, 
we are rejoiced to learn, aflFords fair hopes 
of the safety and success of the Expediticm 
under the command of Captain Parry. It 
is derived from Russia, and communicated 
to our l^ard of Admiralty. The particulars 
are, that several fishing vessels, belonging 
to Kanitschatka and the Aleutian Islands, 
saw our illustrious Navigators off Icy Cajw. 
Th? Russian Commandant states, that on 
receiving this intelligence ho examined the 
masters of the vessels separately, and that 
their relation of the feet agreed in every 
circumstance; and he expresses himself to 


littntKre nd i^cifMf, . ..MR 

ilu Anra Lmm GaaM* of "Sar. ii. 

!|» OonKm Uu, of ilw Bojil A&ion Uhfe 

lMa,bMto jomMi of good h«lA. tbl*ftt>I.W 

audihoi^ th. Mpital of Soolimii», on (1- 47**^ 

S^r^"*^^ aatb«bM>«>kofd»Iuii^<4MnlS 

'' d «M ^ „Mt bf Cue Stnx]', StDOf AlMHAb. 

m«^,Mdvary TO!oll«owd tli« Cm*. Utag hA ■ ^_, 

feTamh permt. ^^ j^, jg^ ^^ Xpril l»t oa a nlMira-l* 

> of ^ tabM tluKiiw(if^SaoUiDuiw>ti<M,«K>higfc 

^^"r* ocouU^tlw »M oMiipfiitag portiM «r 

(blob WM the „,£, „f (hg Interior. 

nb*«Mbntied TT„ prth bj wUi* tfc. Mfa^ku ntaaal 

lODio K^ n>. bubMD wfa>t i. 0iD«d op«wil,>sdM*n 

ueompoMdof tUD.hM«.OMm[M>bd hfert^pomk 

rf„^p™p. „j,J^3;^l^_,,i,HW«|^to»p. 

, , tiiiMs bi* bMMitica of rititlM tks iDor^f 

",i_^ _i.i.^?^^Jr" tl-NordwmlUmDko*. lS«.,^S»^ 

Jf Ite*i«, rfuA h- fcf It. rtj«« tl»lto.,oomp.lWto«.ttt-o«wtofafI* 

««ip,«,«dtl..«II, decorated w,th» hi. .o«n^ to thirX,. "fiTs^gS. 

T.B.Lrthbridg..Bart M&.hj,beeo.p- X^JC^.. both ™pe=rtha S^^olj- ; 

ip^f »d Mr Janie, We, .uchor of .heIr gold «,d fio. cloth, lo the Soolim. ™i 

tbtUutoiTariitinuin, LibrariM. FootsU cauntriia for Eutope»n.«tiol«i, (la 

A genHenun of GlasgoiB, well kaown u ouives of tbe Utter couotiie!, for poUtieU 

tehnabt of great .minence, hu discovered leasoua, preveatlng their ippronch to the 

* ' . cbe^, and efficacious method of y/ttej ,*ule. The Koonokoi, under the do- 

from Coal Cis, while in the gas- minion of BillMsraia, item to be » better 

■alphureouB hjdrogen which it uid more liberal people, miaiftstioguxun- 

given off Id cambuition, pro- ^ous wiih lo facilitate tbe intercoune of 

une lime tbe offensive imell more diltsnt nation! to thii colon;. Seva- 

n lo generally complained of, „] trader) from Ssngura, who were on ■ 

ilm I^ie, [Hcture), and deli- ,ij;t to the king, accompan; ib« Misiion, 

of crerr description. md have brought a considerablo quantity of 

AfctmdIdheraldicwindowofstainedglaM gold; and the king has lent one of hi» son* 

hM-brnplMed in the church at BM*ing- and his only brochertoaiuuie hisEicellenoj 

JiMK by Ua Gi»ce(he Duke of BuckLnghun the Governor of hLa.wi.h to open and ™W- 

Bid CMndo*. The centre comparlraenl is vate an inlercourie with the colony. The 

aaeofied hj the aim. of the Duke, lur- King of the SooUbim has also sent a son of 

moailM by thoie of hia Majesty, and be- his to make similar aasurance.. 
* iiMtli ii an intcriptlOD, with tbe ti 
The aide compartme ' 

ttaBBWufUwlMeMannjii of Buckingham keLle, in ica very sour™, ne .lept « ill 

aU ^ late Ea\ Temple, euh being lur- source on tbe 3d of StpCeraber la>t. It rnti 

I ■ - ■ with two Kals ! one, that of the in 9 deg. *S min. N. lat. nid 10 deg. 5 min. 

k>M^, tha other, that of tb« coimly. Tlie W. long. After rertiring mMiy, wbttMlT 

«^fek benlmdviA tbe crest, of the &- streams near ita aoiirce, h awdls 'out to 

■^Hi"Wiwigiil tlliiiinCilj iiilb Ihri YnrV mil ■ consldenble river before It hM ran SO 



Sekel Poefry> 


Whrt tdk yov all ibaft'i done and Mid^ 
Hm iUl of beef, and riM f»f hraad, I . 
AhI wfaa fiur lack's tirov^t Jo Mil ? 

The Paper. 

What ia it telb of PUys and Balls, 
AbMu^a, wad CU-Kghts, and St. Paal't, 
And gambleca aanght by Mr. Hallt ? 

c The Paper. 

What ia't nanatet fnll many a story 
Of Mn^SpCMOnr^ Whig and Tory, 
And faeraea all a-gog for glory ? 

The Paper. 

What % it givas the price of Stocks, 
HtfulpSt^ loins, and patent loclcs. 
And Wine at the West India docks ? 

The Paper. 

What ia it, say, diat makes you merry. 
With anecdotes of Tom and Jerry, 
And "Rows" and << Larks'! in Bedford- 
bury ? The Paper. 

Whut tcUa you too who kill'd or hurt is ; 
WW Tmtfe's fresh arriv'd, whose skirt is 
Ifaeh ffdifh'd I9 Sir William Curtis? 
.^ The PH>er. 

What spealEs of thififes and purses tsken. 
And murden done, and maids- forsaken. 
And avenge price of Wiltshire bacon ? 

The Paper. 

'flMMi^' 'St oome, infirm, or stout, 
In h^pith^ or nnng with the gout, 
WUb^poatibly can do without 


Ita worth and merits then revere. 
And since to-day begins the year, 
Foiget not, midst your Christmas cheer. 
Nor think you e'er can buy too dear 

Jan. 1, 1883. The Paper. 

J^tigram sent uuUh a Couple of Ducks to a 
PaHtnt. By the late Dr. J EWER*. 

T'VC dispatch'd, my dear Madam, this 
scrap of a letter, [better : 

To say that Miss ****** is ver^ much 
A regular Doctor no longer she lacks, 
And therefore I've sent her a Couple of 

Epitaph on an Ass. 

By the same *, 

'nSSEATH this huge hillock here lies a 

poor creature, 
So easy, so gentle, so harmless his nature, 
On earth by kind Heav'n he surely was sent 
HfVttateh erring mortals the road to Content. 
Whatever befol him, he bore his hard fiite. 
Nor envied the steed in his high-pamper'd 

• state. 
vl^HNil^ homely his &re was, he'd never re- 
,.. vina; [could ^ne. 

ijf)^, 9^. &tk eonld he break&st, on thistles 

^''*JWA'?bsBroke'8 Life of Jenner, in the 

No matter how eoaraa or WMafCMny hia saWt 
Gonteiit nada the ilafoar suit wdl with bla 

Now, Reader, depart, and, as onward yon • 

pass, [Asa. 

Reflect on the lesson you*ve htazd from an 

Proposed Inser^pHonfir the Thmfrt^Mtf W« 
Dr, JtimBR. 

'QRITONS! approach, and view ifttti ijr- 

rowing eyes {Qjj^ : 

This sacred Tomb, where matcUen Jniiuft 

The weeping Musa would fiul to tpadb j^ 

Or sum the blessings that adorn hia SMBfti 1 
Enough for her m moomfol stiaiaa to ufi 
That Natum shodder'd when she hea«<lia 

For all mankind bore witness of his aklfl^ 
And black Impbction at hb word stpo^ atdly 
Aw'd by the pow'r which in hb genios h^l 
Which nuide luvet'rate Prxjudicb ^wft wny ; 
Which o'er tha world dispana'd iaeinNi^pg 

And gave new beauty to the hamaB laoajl^r 
— Then, Britons ! here your gnstsfal tf^n 

And bless the sacred shade that ISes Mofi^ 

Loruhn, Feb. its. ,Xfl[« 


TE n'aime pas les yeux si noir 

^ Qui semblent Are, ** I will make war,'* 

Mais j'aime mol les yeux si bleu 

Qui diseot doucement, <' I will love you." 


Pour moi, ni noir ni bleu je dis, 

PluUDt the hazel eyes for me ; 

For there je trouve assez du noir 

Pour bien suffire in making war. 

And there je trouve assez du bleu 

Pour dire tout has, how I love you. 

Ainsi, the hazel eyes if any 

Qui brillent au front de Ma'm'selle Fanny. 

Brighton, February 5. 

" To My Old Gown." * 

(Trom <* Residence," a recent pidfHoation,J 

** Reach it me, neighbour, it gives me more 
pleasure to wear this, than if I had re- 
ceived a cassock of Florence silk." 

Don Quixote, vol. i. cluip. hr. 

'VrO, no, my companion of old, m^ good 

habit, [wwse ; 

I 've wedded and worn thee for bit^r or 

Tho' thy bloom be long 6ided>. th^.norer 

shall bkb it— ■ , V^^ 

That the pride of my baclc ishews the 

wealth of my purse. 


[ 1«7 ] 

' U» - ■ ' 


1 -« 


nHnw ' f» 

ipftocEEbiKGs IN parliament: 

- V { 


Houf s OP LoiM, Fdf. 4. 

Ttujiwnh.^tMiTn of ^ Mventh Fu^ 
a^wtoC.4|iUmt8dKi«gdoiii wm opened 
W a CcMppiVsioo fttthiee o'clock. Hiuring 
t^ tillinr f^eto befove the Tliroiie> the 
Loiii ComaiiMioiien (coneittiog of the 

ai ChnuMllor, the Archbishop of CenteiH 
^^TAb Barit of Herrowhjr, Shaftee- 
VBfr, ^d NyeetmorienH) directed the Gen^ 
tiMi Ueher of the fUadc Rod to reqafa* 
dp-rfieniVinnii of the .CaasmooM, who, re- 
tnSig with Bfr. Speeker and teVenl Mem- 
iflZtto Roval Commlsskm wee reed elood 
W their l^oidihipe' Oerk Aaeiet»t. The 
Lonl UmnyMor, oa behalf of the Commie- 
namri, wd hi obedienoe to hb Mdetty's 
eonmMh thea fvouovmoed the foUowiag 
■Oft gncioae Speech : 

«< Jfy XiinEi and GenOemefh 

««We ne commended by ^ Mijesty to 

yRmi joOf tiiet since he h»t met jon in 

I^diaBieBty his Biijesty's efforts hftve beoi 

uMiWlinintlj exerted to preserve the peeoe 

of BVTOfo* 

« Feithfid to the principles wbic^i his 
Mijartj has promnlgated to the world» as 
constitating ^e riue of bis conduct, his 
Majesty declined being a party to any pro- 
ceedings at Verona, which could be deemed 
an interference in the internal concerns of 
Spain on the part of Foreign Powers. And 
his Mejesty has since used, and continues to 
ose, his most anxious endeavours and good 
offices to allay Uie irritation unhappily sub- 
sisting between the French and Spanish Go- 
vernments : and to avert, if possible, the 
calami^ of war between France and Spain. 

** In the East of Europe bis Majesty flat- 
ten himself that Peace will be preserved, 
and his Majesty continues to receive from 
h» Allies, and generally from other Powers, 
assmances of ^eir unaltered disposition to 
cultivatrwith his Majesty those friendly re- 
btioiis which it is equaDy his Majesty's ob- 
ject on his part to maintain. 

** We are further commanded to apprize 
yoo, that discussions having long been pend- 
ing with the Court of Madrid, respecting 
depredations committed on the commerce of 
his M^esty's subjects in the West Indian 
Seas, and other grievances of which bis Ma- 
jesty had been under the necessity of com- 
di^aBtng, those discussions have terminated 
ui ivi MAJsnon by the Spanish. Government 
of the Justice of his Majesty's complaints, 
and in im tagagemsnt for satis&ctory repa- 

** We am oommaaded to aafioi yoa ihilY 
his Bfajesty has not been tc mad aJ M of the 
Addresees pseeented tohim by the twn ft niMiii 
ofBsrHtmwit with nspect to tho toi%ir 

*<P>cpoeitiom fer the mwe eftrtinl mf 
pression of that evil were broogfat Ifl y ij an lr 
by his Mijesl^s Flenipotentiaiyln tne ooa* 
ferenoes at Verona, and there haTt, hmt 
added to the TVeaities i^mn this m^feetaH 
ready conduded between his M^Mty, «||a 
the Governments of Spain and the iKemer- 
lands, articles which will extend i^JVf* 
ration of those Treal^, and greatW wCkii 
tate their ezecntlon. • tstj" w 



His Mijee^ has diMwCea thU HiHMttf'^ 
oftfausenrreiit year to be had Mbfe ymtiL 
They has« been fhuMd wiOi oifwj^ iRMb#^ 
to eooBomy ; and the totel eaqptMltm^ttf A 
befmmd lobe materially bdowthoft^dTkH 
year. - ^*»' 

<« This dimhnitioii of charge, wmUmtipt 
widi the progressive Improremeiit of tho 
Revemwy has prodnoed a smphM OiaeedU|p 
his M^esty's expectation. His H jestg yy 
trusts, therefore, that yon wlO be able, af> 
ter providing for the services <^ the year) 
and without affecting public credit, to make 
a further considerable reduction in the bor^ ' 
dens of his people. 

*' My Lords and Gentlemenf 

<' His Majeslnr has commanded as to sMto 
to you, that the manifestations of loyalty 
and attachment to his Person and Gk>veni- 
ment, which his Majesty received in his late 
visit to Scotland, have made the deepest ia* 
pression upon bis heart. 

<< The provision which yon nmde in the 
last Session of Parliament for the relief of 
the distresses in considerable districts in 
Ireland, has been productive of the happiest 
effects, and his Mi^esty recommends to, 
your consideration such measures of intelP^ 
nal regulation as may be calculated to pNKt 
mote and secure the tmnqniHity of that, 
country, and to improve the habits and eo»*l 
dition of the people. 

« Deeply as his Majesty r^rets the eos%' 
tinned depression of the AgrieidtmnI Inte- 
rest, the satis&ctlon with which his Mw*.^ 
jesty contemplates the iocreasing activitf* 
which pervades the manu&ctniing district^ 
and the flourishing condition of oiur cmn* 
merce in most of its prindpa] brandiee/iic 
greatly enhanced by tne confident peismf 
sion that ^e progressive prosperity of wci' 


xeiHagM in ^IlMeit>-A»ipi MM*. 

■tirf'ntluiabc pwnt TMT It wu cnpoHl gudr la 

MtlatiicttoQUti^TM^ tuntTM. ndfEhff 'GouM bt ntM-'iUff 

rho radsmd hit tAt fnwii than to mj, tlul ttiB Dthi MBtiii#^ 

Tithu, and provid- ad ia War rfumld mM be paid oK la PMca, 

mml ■ppRntioik 'Hw chM|M '«> th« Daht «H lialf ti iBl 

si aimaU nntal of wpenaB nif<h« rowatty^art —tl— 'iwfcit 

oinoai uinn^. ha w« vnjow «»'i*daa* il. na-MM 
Hon. QrniiL tha* Mnk • ««rl*»<( M*«Mi|K 

'"■J"^ htalltta'taMiUM.^AaluH^VaiitZiiM^ 

Maaa^. ih* CAon- 
itcnd iato bia ex- 
Plu of tlu Ywr. 
' (he pruaiU jaar, 
icliuia, ha imild 
Sfiial, and lof thia 
A*6,9BI}1. aa iIm 
at iba jot. Mid 

i The tatal M- 
B «t 49,BS!,0O0/. 
.9SS/. The mod. 
rpliu would b« tu 
m (he prmclple al- 

^ioOoToOoI w"the reduciioa of UMi.; 

maUpDtheAuesHdTuei. rSoir, ^r J 
— Tha Taiimu Murcei uf leveDiie for tha 
pnwot fur vould lUnd u fulluw i 

y— I'-" - eb',ooo,mw 

Aa^^a^- ^ 6,800,000 

.BafaOfic. J,400,ooo. 

..n*.Aaa-«laad Lawl T«.7,i0o,()oo 
. JnM.UwrkMi, bo. 600,000 


b haliand it U> b« pO>lH>le to <t;n.lm>h 

Aat«»Mu>MMti>«,MM -Ha **# 
i*H pimiaat«Ta4ae*»0'n«'MM.<iv,M> 
WinaovirW, IBilw OMari Ihl nitijllliir 
d w J r illoMdto Ae Immr faxV 4MMt 
aMtt^Mahaeajid to j i l al u H t *> ptti^ 

* tha « 

i^m. Id tha'Amj, Navy, a^dticdDuiH, 
idMtMtiDa of 470,000/. hul iAea plaoa 
■tfiaipllllit, halon the Jul ;ear ; and the 
■ipMMa bad Uitm- l,900,OOSf. faeiow that 
■fiftiB ja^ IBSO. Ia the MiicelluieDaa 
aaA «ha -atwooa had bam 9,B79,<II»e^ 
MW*a*afl«J7. By itm tmryiiM al lAm 

■hole amouM »r mn ha jmpoanlM'f^ 
off would be 4,3N,SO0/. A> to Irata^ 
he iHupowd te repeal tha whole ef iIn.' 
Aiietied T.Ms.~t 'Rie Right H«i. GMtfik 
man gat down anikht loud ehcem 4raa flll- 
quarters of the Houae.) ' ' i 

Mr. Meierly tcaied, that4ie waa pnamtt- 
with a plaD, by which fbrtT-lllHe milHalB 
tni^t he upeHinf ehtahied^n a ndaaa* 
lion of Che LaiDd-Taic— a meaaut* whick 
wtthnnt impairing public credit, nnaldia' 
able PtTlianieut tn MinpeDd the SlnkiBf 
Fiinil fiir five or m :f«M. andthiH taaa- 
peij the whole of tiie Aauaaad Tun ■ 
OHM. The Han. Oent. read ■ wiletvf**. 
■ntotioni ecfllanatnry of the natute and Df^ 
ntise ofhii meaaon. Mr. HicanhebMi 
pHmeBCed chsClianeellsT ef Ag «^dEq««. 
rm hii Eoiind and sMai'apecch. Mr. ainm; 
Dpvar heard from « ChenecllDr af tbt &i- 
chef^ueTBdearerepeecfa ; and 4inty 1«c(ettafl 

nuini;, the complete dehuiuntf a'6t«biB g 
Fund. Iiord FUJ-nton afjreedii ' 
■picaity of the Hi^i 'Hm. iSt 
Speech] hnt he coefesied ihathehe. 

plan fcr the rtliH af 'aencnlMral di 




nrtign News. 


waAer • Prinee whose judgment li free, there 
lie alwigrs the means of remedjing the evil. 
A Ftince enlshtened by adversity, by the 
compbxnts or his subjects, which have at 
ki^Ul made themselves heard in spite of 
WtatAes, will learn sooner or later that his 
Mbisters are incapable ; that they are the 
pkything of a fitction which they are un- 
tkh to satisfy or contronl; that they are 
dhe slaves and accomplices of the foreigner ; 
that they have neither force nor talent for 
]iitriotiBm. The Prince changes them, and 
As state of things changes them at the 
ao&e instant. But if the foreigner once 
oftfa the countrvy the Prince is no longer 
flti to change them, because thev are the 
Mhdsten of the enemy whom they have 
^Mtfd in, and the enemy is their master. 
TwI HW, said he, (addressing the riffht side) 
bflt the echo here of the rage of the Prus- 
ilsas and Cossacks. The General, after a 
MtiA coup d*€ni of the Spanish revolution, 
tai It was reproachable with fewer excesses 
ten any other in history. — (Violent mur- 
mvring from the right side.) ** £h, Gen- 
I," said General Foy, ** this is not my 

kkgwise ; it is that of an English Minister, 
Lird liverpool." — (Violent cries on the 
li^ What is that to us ? What is this 
mm to us ? ViTliat is this man ?) General 
Ytf Twmnes : *< \ou ask what is this man ? 
t4dl you, he is one of the supporters of 
aadent institntions in England ; he is one 
of the columns of the English aristocracy ; 
ha is a man respected m his country for his 
probity and moderation ; and who passes 
fbr having no very lively affection for liberal 
ideas." (The right side cried out, We are 
not in the English Parliament ; we are in 
the French Chamber. A voice cries, " Tlie 
object of the English is to get our money.") 

The Quotidiennc says, " we shall have 
three armies in Spain : one the army of the 
Eastern Pyrenees, or Catalonia, will be 
under the orders of the Dul<e of Rngiisa. 
Marshal Oudinot, Duke of Keggio, will 
conummd the army of the Centre, or of 
Arragon. The army of the Western Pyre- 
nees, or of Navarre, will be commanded by 
Connt de Lauriston. The Duke d'Angou- 
leme will have the supreme command of 
diese three armies, and the Minister of 
War will, under him, discharge the func- 
tions of Major-General. M. de Coteliquet 
will be appointed Under Secretary of State, 
aad will manage the War Department during 
the absence of the Duke of Belluno." 

In the Chamber of Deputies on the 1 0th 
Feb. M. de Villele oj)ened the Budget for 
tile year. He stated that the finances of 
Fmce have been gradually improving, and 
are now in a most nourishing condition, the 
l a e alp t s for the last year having exceeded the 
•ipaadiliiiT by 42,945,907 francs. He de»^ 
BaMbsRfplementary credit of 100 jOOO,000 
fainos to 4lefray the expenses of the war, 
« if it take place," and the creation of four 

mUlions of renfes, to eomplete the intaas 
of satisfying the eventual wants for the ser- 
vice of the present year. 

Accounts from Madrid, dated the 8d in- 
stant, state, the city was tranquil, and db- 
patches had been received from the Connt 
d'Ahisbal and General Velasco, detailing the 
advantages obtained over Bessieres, whose 
forces had been routed at all points. They 
announce that the speech of the Firench Kin^ 
on opening the Chambers had arrived in thai 
city. Its contents appear to ha\'e excited 
a great fermentation in the public mind. 


The notes of the Allied Powers on the 
affairs of Spain have excited some sensation* 
but not any serious apprehension of war. It 
is evident from the tone of the journals^ 
that the hope of recovering Brazil is act 
abandoned. The new expedition for Bahia, 
consisting of between 2000 and SOOO, was 
on board transports in the harbour; and 
General Luiz de Rego, who by order of the 
Government was to go to Balua, was on his 
way to the capital, where he was expected 
to arrive in time to sail with the expedition. 

On the 7th January the King issued a de- 
cree, declaring a Protestant chapel near the 
English and Dutch burying ground, in laa- 
bon, to be under the special proteotioo of 
the British Legation. 

A letter from Lisbon, states tha^ th« 
Portuguese Government has offered to send 
30,000 men to the assistance of Spain, and 
that orders have been given for all the dis- 
posable troops to march to the frontiers of 


Austria and Russia have presented re« 
monstrances to Bavaria and Wurtemburg, 
proposing to them to stop the publication 
of the debates of the deliberative bodies in 
those countries. The foreign Cabinets hav- 
ing proposed certain changes to the King 
of Saxony, that Monarch replied to them, 
** For many years I have been very well 
satisfied with my people, and my people 
are satisfied with me — what more is wanted? 
My subjects have never done me any harm— 
I see nothing to change." The King of 
Bavaria has also refused to accede to the 
demands made for restricting the sittings of 
the States-General, and submitting the press 
to a severe censorship. 

Munich, Jan. 16, — A terrible misfortune 
happened here yesterday. About eight 
o'clock in the evening, the New Court 
Theatre was discovered to be on fire, and 
in a few minutes the whole of the interior 
was in flames. The audience happily escaped 
without injury, and in tolerable order, by 
means of the numerous outlets. Soon after- 
wards the roof fell in with a most dreadfti! 
crash, and ia less than thr^e hours, the 
whole of this splendid edifice was reduced 
to ashes. Prince Charles was the only 


lllfl^ Foreign NiM ■ ti^mmHi fltojrr^ieey, f^ 

■Alil^ih ..Ir ■ mpiw. if tlib nh—lig Twiiifiiiij fctwa iltglMiijiinlkiW ML 
b#m#Hi m v^o^lt ftrt wraw Mid tend. Il mi imiiiiiI M iJirTrUW ih.l 

Tl tw— Hkfcnlltiit, id i ndi jwi, inwi liHwiM ilbil lU 
MUMiif«M«r»di«kdN>pfciNBtlMMp^ tioM«il«idfMwrMlMii2Md.«ni^ 

tS!';*:^ VAN DIBWAirs lAIto. :; 

iiw » f IJ M i ■ h iBi tm i J thn h riiin if llin tm that tobseco ^v* in tl»t cliniAta widi dly 

the walk ; the duops el greatest kumriance* and k of vei^ bmmjii^ 

at die extfeoiitiea off the quality. Sevend Yahiabla welk-bmd boi^ 

ctyttalfaatkiin which haog had anrifed u&lj ftom Eqglandi «d gir 

fcifcike fMkt the colemaa of apar lortrng leaa than 49 hMrge ahiM had bM» ht Hokp* 

tVfiilMali wfaieh seem fimMd to eeataoi Town Hafbour nom rngfaad aloaaii dari^ 

dl— f ^iiejeiacti— of ^ lighti,thafariety the hut tea months, moat of them lidhl^ 

M m t fc K s f indiifi m lbj rhn rrjimtliniinne . laden, and with paaaeagem of the higjha* 

^ m thie woadetfid oave a» ay p ea g e nc e lespoetahiUtj firom the mother eomtrr. ■'Am 

4ilM^p0» end Ibtm one 0^ the finest ipeeCai- aeriooltaral eooietf faaahaea estaUiwtdiril 

imtkmn WB beseea/' This discovery draw Hobert Town; also aa amiiml eottk ahol. 

mmf persons to Watertowa, who bcMe off A Roman CatJiolie Chapel and TJiithndia 

fiseasof the stakctiies ind took them away, Chu^jMl hod heea haUt» end pieaohen a|r« 

tiUllii BPDfdetor was obliged to put up a pdnted to them. Setenl new irr'tmln 
di9,et Um. oatnunee, and seeore it with a had also been establkhcd fnr the 
h^ The ca»e is yet considered to be b«t ofyooth. 


OmiXIGENCE FROM VARIOUS exeenfe that its bm^ is mmM wllk 

«-Pi»rBOF THE COUNTRY. bottte-tpreen etfipe,awlth«eor«wr mm 

row fillets of beown eerom its favMMi i4dim 

n P"!^ ^^■" '* '™» North. •„ ^~, ia,j ao^ ^^ob unlike, kilLl M«r 

\Tffn imf^ nnintermpted fall of snow has speot» tarn breast of a young owL AnnthT 

oVMetf too country to a greater depth than veiy luoidMmie and singniar bivA wea magfiifi 

hphiin known sinoe 1796. In places where by a boy under a sieve, with olhef sMhli 

it fiis «)ual, it is fully eighteen inches deep ; birds, and unfortunately killed in eate^igi 

sad where it is heaped by the wind, tne it i» beautifully marked, and as supposed by 

wreaths in some instances measure ten feet, those who have seen it to be a muleji bih> 

There is reason, however, to suppose that tween a lark or a sparrow and a gc^dfinch. 

it is ooty over the country from Moffat to Both birds have been seot to Godalmiog tl^ 

G|reeuock, and from sea to sea, that the be preserved. — StmthampUm iMminanf. 

storm was so severe. It was with the great- Several wild swans, or hoopers^ 

est (Ufficulty that the London mail due on been seen in the Western Chaanel, 

Sunday night, could be got forward to the Isle qf pyighb ; but so difficult of a#» 

Doogias Mill. In many parts it was dragged cess, that no boat or punt could approach 

tltroogh wreaths of snow, which took the them till a few days ago, when three out of 

horses to the counters. — Glasgoiu Chronicle, seven were killed at a shot by Colonei 

A variety of curious birds, urged by the Hawker, who got them by means of dressing 

esbcniity of the weather, have lately visited himself entirely in white tinetif and paddling 

uSf und many of them have paid forfeit of to them in a white cancie and swivel-goO), 

dktfr fires. Bier-ganders, sheldrakes, pin- disguised among the masses of floating ioo 

tsfls, and magpie-divers, we have seen. Some and snow that were drii^ng away with th^ 

of liiose extraordinary birds, the bittern, tide. 

been killed, as have also some ring- The skeleton of a rbuMMeros was diso* 

on:|els and bramble-fincbcs ; the latter are vered a short time ago, by some miners ua 

fiowttfol rarities, and those which are for- search of lead ore, ninety feet below the 

fippately cleanly killed are destined for pre- surface of the earth, in the neighbourhood 

SfiTMimi, to enrich the cabinets of the of JVirskworthy Derbyshire, in what is called 

carious. — Brighton Herald. diluvian soil. The houes are in a perfeet 

A sii^^ar bird, rarely if ever found in state, and the enamel of tl)e teeth uninjured* 
these parts, was shot, last week, by Mr. W. The aoUcipation of war has creirted n 

Rk^yof Sheet, near this place (^Pe^er5/feZ((^, lively sensation among the manufisctwin^ 

^ depcriptioa of which must lie interesting interests of the town of JSirmai^Aaaa. Thera 

li jdia iMtandist. Its si^e is between that is an unusual Imstle and anxie^ in the wo^* 

^{jt^dlpdi and a widgeon; legs mther long, shops and warehouses of thnee coaneoCed 

qjd^^ipdt-^ootcd like * water-fowl ; a short with the gun trade* It is said, fhit sheadi 

^^ap4|k Cofk-knofc on its bead i beak ahoit agents fiom Spain have andved to mah* 

^llljtpnnlrnd colour white as driven snow, large purchases in *< guns, trumpets, and a',*' 


Jfomtiiem, mm 

ofA»JbBda«'rMI«. ,, 

mucAia. iMij at. Jidmiiiid'*, Mar. CI. 

jBed, — T. C. HiMin*, otTamj. nq. " 
Bn-jb.— H. P. SperliDg, of Puk-plKe, tta. 
Bucti.— Vf. S.LDwnde>, of Whaddan-halU! 

tnm tlw DOurti, in inch ■ mumer u to Cambndgahin and Buntmgdotulare — W. 

Aa mate of comidunt. lUiolutioni to IU]>i»r, of Wiabich, eaq, 

Am tBetn wen immedittel; agreed to. Thii CAeiAJre— J. WbiM, of S*1e, cxj. 

HTi>i|ffi^ WHJD (he put of the mmt emiueDt CumJiertand—E. Suolej, of PoJttOnbr-lMll^ 

nS^on of tlu CEuaceiy Court hu outed ex]- 

■ W} gnat Kuutioa M the bu. GmniwU — C. IVelawnj', of Coldrinieki <• 

If CDddnnieki Md. . 
•^~-. Feb. 16. Derhfildn—T. Bt e mm , of MaUlaton ^ 

~ ' ■ ' ■ ~ YouJgrrave, eiq. 

DcnntUrc — T. Bemt, otBaaauatBoaia^ 

I Briciih pubTu: on tlio YouJgrrave, eiq. 
si by the n " ' ' ' "^ "" 

■dor frain Spain to Lhs Donet, — H.C.$Uiit,ofMDonCriCc)ialI,M(}. 
bit luidiog M Dover, Esiex — Ji J. 'Fufiieil, of langlni, ex]. 
Chree heart; cheen bj Giaacaler. — J. Smith, of Sb^ietun, e«q. 
:or> on ths pierj and ffrr(/anlilkira. — E. B. Palnhall, of AlW<^ 
k; night into tha Me- mora, eiq. ' 

attracted Mteolion on Hi^ls. — K. Sutton, of Rosa Wa;, Nortli-! 
church, eaq- 
fenl— T. Auilen, of ScTan Oaka, eaq. ' 

a t^n off, u 

t, iD FaHland-pUoa. LinobuUn—Su W. E. Walbj, of Dento^ 
— 'MBia, ahip-<nr«n, aad othen bart. 

h th> ahippiiw inttnM in tb« MoiMiwfA.— J-BaOa;,('NaDtrQ]»,aiB. 

!■>, an a£p«M paaant T. Ififfitt-Si S. K. l^tpm, aCQmiab.K 





wt. C«far«it, to ihtWfifda it iiy Jif 

. Aoton, LLnB. Ayatt Sfe LwrfiBB 

Bhusk, Chnjs Thnnod: V^ £m«u 
IT. Boiqgets, Kiil]y» Walton, and 
pa-le-Sokea cioosoUdited V, JEtaez. 
M. Chichetter, BJ>. West Woriing- 
L Devon. 

'. W. Greeuwiy, NewfaoU Vardkm 
id Shackentone V. Lekeaterthixe. 
fbn Jenkins, Knill R. Harafbvdtktn. 
Lempriere, Newton Saint Petmok 

m. Mo^gridj(e Sta:veU, FiUeigh and 
Bnddand united RRt Devon, 
iha Ndson, Milebam R. Noosfi^ ■ 
ugh Owen, LL.D. (Mastervf Beeelea 
6[) Becdes R. Suffolk. 
W. Peten, Quenbgtoa R. Gioneet- 



nnyn Pratt, Bintnr and Tremiltkorpe 
d RR. Norfolk. 

S. Trotmaa, Dallii^n V. Notts, 
Stoke Goldington and Oayhurst, 

. P. B. Henshaw, Cbapbon to Mar- 


Wfli. C n (B rt 8 H iy» Hw|. AuHt^ iv-i 
- aadBCP. tobtBaranioltli^r 

vice Wood, wlio mtlMi. 
Rev. R^pnaidHabnr, MLA^ Bp. oT CUdottti 

oeatadbDJD.'by I^ilmnak . 
R«r. Tboi. £dw. Bddgts, BJD. Smkw Bmh 

mt eiConm Chiisti CoUtgt* toJbeMh- 

jSdont cif tha^Sooety. . 
B«v. J; Gipe, of TAa&t CcdL CMM%i» 

HaadMiitor of thn Bts« IndkCiMnMi?a 

ArtflUny and Eogiof^r SwuBiiBy ife I 

Rav. R«tph^Lm»,pAitf.ielcMel Hndr 
torif llie Kfaijg'a Selieol» JBiaik— !■• ' 

New Mbmbim RsTURKn to Puimipw. 
CUeUHer. ' Win.a>q>keaf Ptynteb mq W 
HnildMOB. • I >^ 

viMBUfiansiltoBy'doi..' .- - ■■ • 
Ifonofek. Rt.'HcMi.:0M>^€aniia9jHldMta 

Charles IiaflmH«ii|. /. 
jUmfjMGl. Rt. Hon. W. BaMmqi^ irioe 

Canonigi ftatgnad 
NewfFmb^. £L G. DUkam, «i^ . 
Feterbonmgh. ilaa. 8ci»iitl, aan. iii Jf utod 

Han Macpherson, Domestic Chap- 8LChnmBiS$. Rt-HopuCharieaJjiMlbMb. 
to Marquis of Tweeddale. ITtndbolM^. Siir fildSmutd H jda fiai^ IWH 


B J R T ft S. 

24, 1829. At the Isle of Fnnoe, 'shin, ^^ 

fy. At Sprowston Lodge, Mrs. Jehn 
', a dau. — ^The wife of C, G. P&rke, 
)f the Peaco for Essex, a son. — At 
SjT Lodge, Berks, Mrs. Jas. Elmslie, 
—Mrs. Thomas Gladdis, twins. — In 
n-st. Lady Jane Peel, a son. — At 
lam, Somerset, Mrs. Benjamin Mil- 



6. Hon. Lady Morris, of Bryn near 
a, a dau. — At Tredegar, Monmouth- 


Cuitets, asiq. eTdSaison df S. JT.' 
M. P. for Sussex, a son and heir. 

Jan. 18. At Corfe Gistle, .t)xe wife of 
Rev. G. Pickard, jun. a dau. 

Jan. 28. At Amsterdam, Mrs. John 
Teschemaker, a son and heir. 

Jan. 27. In Vigo-lane, Mrs. Miles Mnr- 
lej, a dau. 

Jan. 29. At Radway, the wife of Ldent'** 
col. F. S. Miller, t. B. a dau. 


Z 5K4, 1832. At Sevemdroog, near 
y, John, son of the late Sir C. Wil- 
y, bart. of Baldon, to Eliza, only dau. 
Kennedy, in the East India service, 
r 18. At Bombay, Lieut. George 
md, of the 6dth Regt. son of Rev. 
Frankland, Canon of Wells, to Anne, 
' late Thos. Mason, esq. of John>st. 


2. At Port Louis, Mauritius, Geo. 
m Laurenson, First Lieut. Bengal 
ry, 2d son of Col. Laurenson, of In- 
y, Forfarshire, to Mary- Anne, dau. of 
iiier, esq. 

kf. ] n Florence, the Prince Sapieha, 
IS Bold, only daughter and heir- 
.P. P. Bold, esq. of Bold, Lancaster, 
lie Rev, J. Glover, of I^eeds, to £1- 
o. of late Mr. T. Andrews, fji Baw- 
T*MkQ. February, iStS^. 



try. ^At Wjorksop, Peter Molloney, esq. 

of Belle Vue House, Radford, Notts, to 
-Miss Hopkinson, of Worksop.— —-Rev. C. 
Palmer, of Ledhroke, Warwickshifa, to Lady 
Charlotte Fmd), sister to the Earl of Ayles- 
ford.>~~— Rev. Chas. John Bird, Rector of 
Mordiford ^d Dynedor^ Her^ordshire, to 
.Rachel, dau. of Rev» Edw: Gkiver, of 'Nor- 
wich. Rev. Edw. Dai»l,tM.A. Reetor of 

St. Saviour, Jersey,) to Mary, dan. of T. 
Anthoine, esq. of Longoevilfe, hi same Island. 

Rev. Edw. Freiemsn Parsons, qf Dod- 

dlestone,' Cheshire^ to Frances Mallicent, 
dau. of Mr.^ixon, of Anstey, Warwick- 
shire. Rev. Rofat. Middleton, of Otsiay- 

nvnog, Denbighskira, to.JLouisa, dan. of 
late Sir G. W. Facmer, bart.r-^--4tav. i. P. 
Mallcson» of Leeds,, to Hannah-Sophia, dan. 
of W. Taylor, £Sf|. of Fadarifik-f L Hamp- 

.• / 

[ 1T& ] 


r , 

c .> -fnwABD Jennbb, Esq. M.D. 
f .tftim. S6. With unfeigned sorrow we 
' the death of Dr. Jen- 
Btr^ the discoverer of Vaccinaiiuiu 

llie particulars of his sudden decease 
aot these. We ejitract them from the 
Ifliter of a medical geutlemau to an old 
and 4K>rro wing friend of the deceased. 

n» Doctor not appearing at the 
hmitfnit tihlr about the usual time, 
on ^orday the S5th, his servant was 
iOitto call biqa. He found the Doctor,' 
Ijriog CHI the floor, in a severe fit of 
apoplexy. His nephew, who is of the 
iMJicML profession, immediately bled 
1Mb Vid another relative rode to Glou- 
otli^r to fetch Dr. Baron, known to be 
4 PiQrsician of the first character, and 
author of.*' Tuberculous Diseases," and 
otWyr works. Dr. B. accompanied by 
Mr* 31unp"eH, Surgeon of the South 
Gloueester Militia, hastened to Berkeley. 
'S^.iound the symptoms most formid- 
jdUC) and every effort which skill could 
iiiCgeft was employed in vain. The pa- 
tjMit <soBtinued in a state of total inseH- 
iibiUty till about two o'clock on Sunday 
iBQEuiDg» when he expired, in his 74th 

Dr. Jenner was M. D. LL. D. F. R. S. 
M.V..1. F. &c. ; a Physician Extraor- 
dinary to the King, and a Magistrate of 
the County of Gloucester, it any man 
ever existed who possessed an original, 
and we might almost add, an intuitive 
claim to the pretensions ot a natural 
Historian and Physiologist^ Dr. Jenner 
was that claimant. — Nature had given 
him great genius, vast sagacity, much 
iuclination, and great ardour in the 
proaecution of bis subjects of Natural 
History, Physiology, and Pathology. 
His researches were consistent and con- 
nected. At an early age he was destined 
to the study of one department of the 
nedical profession, Surge?y. In the 
eommencement of his studies, he was 
associated and connected with some late 
eminent characters. Dr. Parry, of Bath, 
Dr. Uirkes, of Gloucester, and Dr. Lud- 
lowy of Corsbam, near Bath ; but, be> 
sides these, he was honoured with the 
peculiar friendship and patronage of the 
lite Mr. John Hunter, of whose name 
it is nearly superfluous to mention, that 
it stands highest in the rolls of surgical 
and philosophic reputation. Mr. Hun- 
ter, well aware of the extraordinary 
talents of Dr. Jenner, then a pupil, 
offered to him patronage, connexion, 
aud employment, in his professional and 

physiological pursuits. Dr. Jenner, how- 
ever, preferred a residence at his nativs 
place, licrkeley ; here be acquired not 
merely high local reputation, but from 
the public observation and discoveries 
which he promulgated, great estimatkin 
in the superior ranks of philosophers 
and medical professors. After some less 
important communications to the Royal' 
Society of London (of which he was early 
made a mcmbei;) he imparted to theoi, 
a complete Natural History of t/tg CWJhM, 
of which bird the laws ai>d habits were 
previously unknown, and were involved 
in obscurity ; the singular ingenuity of 
this paper, and the acute powers of ob- 
servation which it developed iu the ob-* 
server, enhanced Dr. Jenner's reputa- 
tion in the philosophic world. Dr. Jen- 
ner also communicated to bis youthful' 
friend and colleague, attached to bin- 
by congenial feeling and siroiUrity of 
pursuit, the late highly-gifted Dr. Parrjr 
of Bath, his discovery of the internal 
diseased structure of the heart, wbich- 
produces the disease called Angina Pee^ 
"toriSt and which was before unknown 
and conjectural. Dr. Parry, in a treatise- 
on the subject, not only most honour- 
ably recorded Dr. Jenner's original de* 
tection of the cause of the disease, but 
confirmed its accuracy by subsequent 
and ingenious investigation. After a 
long and arduous inquiry into the disease 
termed Cow Pox, which is a common 
complaint in cows in Gloucestershire,' 
and some other counties, and which to 
those who receive it from the cows in 
milking, appears from long existing tra- 
dition, to confer complete security from 
Small Pox, either natural or inoculated,* 
Dr. Jenner determined to put the fact 
to the test of experiment, and accord- 
ingly inoculated some young persons 
with matter taken from the disease in 
the cows, in 1797. From the proof 
which these experiments afforded of the 
Cow Pox Inoculation to protect the 
human being from Small Pox contagion, 
Dr. Jenner was induced to bring thit- 
inestimable fact before the public in 
1798. That this was promulgated with' 
all the simplicity of a philosopher, atid 
with all the disinterestedness of a phi- 
lanthropist, every candid contemporary 
and observer will admit, and will unite 
in admiringhis just pretensions to both 

The following sketch of his character, 
and the effect of his exertions, written 
by one uf his most intimate friends [Dr. 


mmt rnv iMit ^ myixGL. Mi 

Ctuiftih at nwMM, w«r 

ttM «f 
Mini A ■ 
nM W 

nil, 6t 

MldbMb'tlMtnMurM' of bto nrind 
M^'U'^*l*i*t ^ rbe eaOMlnt rindror 
rfl tb* ta^HU of fliturilliliiorr, bul 
•Miad H-wKk snM variety uf know- 
MHvuH«*lbe Drii^nRtitj of bil riinn, 
MMWWiUMtj' uiiTplajfutAeH of faM 
MBftlimWi, aM dw aeDtCiWii of hh 
AteariH, 'infkrted a ebarutsr of )c«ilii« 
IfciM IW<ri»iiiiiit acdBiM itid MBven*-' 
■kkM|i '"Mtlt oMid int MMiw the lUMt 
ibirtMitlvF *fa lerrer. 

" R Wow a jmt and grali^ing duty 
la AmII at ]|p«n(cr length oil iheie and 
olber kindred qualiliea ; but tlie ^reeeiit 

*«^e baTe oiily now to mFniion the 
iMt inibllC act uf bia life, Ahich, in a 
muncr particularly intereiiing, harmo- 
rile* i»itb Ml previaui etfurla in bchaif 
<f'W* feUotr-creatarea. He aciendcd a 
taHtribg convened on Ibe IDih of De- 
BMil»W tait, at Berkeley, furfurminga 
MbU'Stida^, and moved tlie Dm re«o- 
MAon. tt waa a afgbt siiiguUrly gnti- 
IftBg a> bebolU a vinrrable individnat, 
. VbdabHtefaadbMnapentiiiaucceisrully 
dnMaK MMna to entingulah n faiHl and 
feMllMitlal bodily diieaie, ihuB putting 
Ml hmai to the work wliluli baa been 
ptehmly deilgned for arresting tlie 
muti pMlflence that deaulatei lo grelt 
• fWtloo of tbfl earth, add for the br»l- 
ll(«f ttenMiona*." 
'J-f]«'lMi left a Bon, Robert Fiithardiirg 
UmikT, k C«pfaiii in the Sooth Gloucet- 
•ir.lMICiai Magtttrate, M. A. of Eieter 
CtllatW, Oxford, Ac. i and a daughter, 
QnhariiiB, wife of Joba Yreiid Bedford, 
b^ MKchar, 4t Bimtln^atft, »on uf 
Wimt»B*Morii aq. F.S.A. of Btn- 

e*fcN 'ttjk'Mn 'l8MRHiM,<«H9«M 
h«Mop>H*Ml' 1>WMI»<M»«dlM 
la to be rhttl4-^miVim>l '•* ■''»'" 
"WlAM IMVttHOi-UtllltaMvVMIHk 
. aUee" ' ■ '■' ■''' ■■ru«"«'>r 
The ^a« PhyilMtB of tMVMWPAM*^ 
Brtmriit lifc'Wrii hMKb'tll'mrC'Wn' 
half BMkNnL ■ : ' ' ■ :^'<* "iT ft 
Let tMtn>0d MrariM^bM MbHh MrxlllR , 
And Kip out HdkME* Mt'Ul'VllMdMJ' 
nMMif •■' ■'■■■"■ ■ '■■•'"R'" 
And ndflant BWMiy drw tei" 'irt H> L' 

FW Be^ii^'i trdMt, CnMMCttMaili^ 

' • GUueeKcr Journal, Feb. 3> 1633. 

appears lo bave beeo *u )in.u*,UM.ct!^- 
siTuctioD of tbe iiatuto, HtTJK IM- 
ceeiied in 1771, to a college reBuwiiiig. 
be wiu prii;iot«d in cDJivocfttioo £i qp^t 
jea^ 10 be tt)c Ileputj; Vilie^nVra^ 
*or, whieb,appwDim.^t. .'h»t>kWit W 

during tliat time only a tcbolar on that 

fuutidaiion. He lucceeded, in 1116, to 

a Vine- 

f? S^js^^-*^' <^.''- '^■-fi.''«;?fe?»Hi .''»»» N- >«i 

^i;! of fljmoutb, jnd mint lo the 
M X>rl. She wai bom in ilbS t 
M iol7 16, 1T8S, Sir Jamei Tjl- 
UtHlf, Bart. Him dieil Nov. SB, 
("•M ToL LKIV. p. 1 154 I leaving bjr 
''4D«tfaerlti? only one ton, JamM 
1^^ An infoiit i who, dyinf, wn 
Am by bit eldtii B»I«r (now in>r> 
[fftrilliAin Pole Tylney Lung Wel- 
.'W] In Ihe immente wealth of 
Hbej baily. How that hu been 
'(BfperiEd, it well known tu our 

': CsARLBt Young, Ecq. 
'^DMtbaDpton, in (be S6tb yrxr oT 
ntC^Mes Young, Eiiq. laurlh >nn 
l|WlebreIed PrDrniot Younf;. of 
wit'i a fcntleninn, or nhoie future 
^JtrtbiiienbB hit nalnral talentl and 
Witnments afforded the moit 
rfng promisei. He acquired the 
wnn nf classical inslroction undrr 
tKif of bit father's inlimate and 
•d friend, (be Rev. Dr. Charles Bur- 
fOreenwIcb, and parted Ibrongblbe 
9 of languages and iihilntopby in 
'ntrersily of Glasgow, with unironn 

ind on 

ral ( 

pobtfc mart! 

he was a Bluileiii tar Eome years 
lUol Colhgie, Oiford, but bis deli- 
hcaltfa obliged him to leave Ibitt 
rait; and his country, and tu repair 
! inilder dimales of France and 
After spending two jfan in tbem, 
tiug and cultivating hit taste for 
je artt, extending bis knowled^ie 
b«ical and modern literature, and 
pg (he tociety and friendship of 
fenilaent men of learning, in Paris, 
i'atid Naplei; he returned home 
Mt common share of refined and 
N accomplish men I!, but-without 
Mnttal benefit to his health. Hia 
tint* compelled him to abandon 
^sfieet of Bucceeding bis father in 
Bcaderoic and literary occupaiions, 
licb his taste and bis talt^iits ren* 

Urn eminently qualified. To 
ASipUints lie felt a victim on the 
if^UK. December, and ended hit 

Bae. iB. At 
Samuel llioTp, 
whiJesale Linei 
than 50 year* i 
Ward of Aldgati 
cil, (D wbieh t 
1773. He «M 
tion t tind bad t 
dfclininK (be A 
baving procure' 
Combe to be A 
Aldgate. Meh* 

Guremor of 1 1 
Mayor, And repi 
For the City of I 
a Complete gent 
a «hi{ 111 the f 

never ablru>ivi 

respect. He in 

bit family, retii 

mominc founil i 

increasing infiri 

years ago to retire from the Common 

Council. In big latter days he enjoyed, all 

III* happy results of a virtuous character, 

and well spent life, in the society of a 

prosperr^ua family, and in tbe affeclioM 

of his neighbours and fellow, citi^ena, 

Mr. Thomas West. 

Jan. 33. At Litile Bowden, NtHth- 
amptonahire, in his 67tb year, Mr.Jlio. 
mas West. He was convening a* usu^l 
wiib his family, »lien n sudden accett 
of waieron ibe thest, a disease under 
which be had lung laboured, changed. 
bis countenance, and he expired aitb- 
out a struggle or a groan. Thus quietly 
exchanging infirmity and sorruir, for, it 
is humbly hoped, eternal rest. 

The deceased was oettrly allied ta AJ^ 
miral Weit, distinguished by bi» share 
in (he mournful events attached lo tlw 
relief of Uinurca in ITESj andalso *p 
Gilbert West, autbor of the imuiorlal 
treatise on (he Resurrection. His mi*- 
ternnl ancestors and elder brofbec cunr 
$(i(uted an unbroken chain of Rtteton 
of Uttle. Bowden fur above lao )»«»» 
one of whuin, in (lie reigo o(, Cbvlet 
the First, f laimi remembrance as % oun-. 
fetsor In the tHioit o[.iuisl)ikfce|) \ajsitr. 

The predominant ffatwct iif, Hr-tt 


tluiiB jiTMeirVMlbj I 
iaur* wedt, t^iiA ... m, 
vorira or tDbarquent li, 

iMiiiK »lfd *n ml>'pt %• iJi >- 
■ppKntluii uf pbilttupUgfl 
tu ileniMe uid Mcartidit ' 
priKMiPttoriliitlllidaii, Mr. • 

> M« bydnMHtcr *■• ^fttpfmu 
BKcite, look « warn, iniarfti pi 
1 Knd (nbihltad imui^ ei 

taqk *» cMtBIi*! part in reicutnic bit 
t(f4ihip's clutracter from the ebargu 
t^Skt aeainit il, Hii vitwi, huw- 
ner, ftllluff in > cuimeiioii oiili his 

CntiHii lie disengaged himself fro m 
MipiHl purauitB, and embailied Ilia 
IflHUi-ia a Reelifying Ditlirlcry ) where, 
uriM>« ID the odiout oppregaioii of Ihe 
|tN«iM.Lmi>i, be tiwn usncialcd himself 
«i(li'nrtain otbera, who, in conjunetion 
MA the Mult DiUiltera, attempled by 
t#piMBk»tio>i> with the Govemment, 
KwlddW mtTendiiiee on Ibe Parliament, 
fr^idtiBaM-lbii'Titlour of a syiltiD, ihat, 
4|Mbtiied«ith other circumsiancea, de- 
iHMiiued biro, in tbe end, on quilting 

■ TBruu|;fa hii exeriiDnt on iheie-occa' 
ribntr-a^'tkey DFCDiT.-d from lime to 
MM, ar vratl u from ihnlrig^ nplniun 
I— iHittiwdaf hii >ktll aitd knowledge 
W«lw «ie«« operations of n ideiitiftc 
llMiMM, Mr. Uwii was eenerallr look- 
H tr'tu b^'iti pHn^nl ntcmbeTt, as . 
"* " imn ta 'sdviu wtth; 

12 ■ 

Cavendfih, and otber aWwVra ■> 
Rc^i) Sieieiy, who laet on 
at Henri. Cferlttlan and Ltwi(> 

Mr. Lewii, KRingl* att^Hted M Hkt 
poDfie* uf Mr. Fox, aa* bnMm «felK 
Oppoaad ta the meama of Mr.' WttVt 

and it «a«, tberrlbra, not a 1)ltI*-M|* 
prialag'tbat be iIMmiM be it|MM,<-l|ik 
perbapt man ninnrAiiaff tbatf- M 
•bouM Bi^rUke to gir« efltef W i<W M 
the Boii unpo^ar prDceeABftvC-dMl 
mlnlMer. Wben tbe laoMn Tu MM 
IntrtMlaeed, Hr. U«U *m rmmUi 
with the Uie Sir Nathaniel ConmM.'tV 
the Cuunty i>r Miildleiei, to Kt aa < 
Commerci*! Cammia<io<.cr for tbe Oij 
of London and iuviciiiiiT, witbaielMt 
number of the Aldermen, a pnrritn. of 
the Bank and Ea*t India Uin-ctora, iimI 
n few oihef public clianiciera, in reprr- 
1 the chief bodies ; and w' "~ 

lb" nature of tills arduous, reapuiiiible, 
and confidential appointment i« eoitii- 
dered, it is no amalt credit tn lb* omt 
mory uf any iiidiTidual engaged in lti 
particularly one of anti-mrnialerial -po- 
liiio, that he thould have peffon^ed 
the laborious dulies of the oBlcc It* 
three years, while (lie Act ebntlsoed 
Hithoot fev or reward, on frriDoipleebf 
pure public service. ■ 1 - 

Mr. Lewis was, far wany f ran, io am 
commissi(.n of Ihe peace, and attaadofl 
reicularly nl the Middleua SeMioM ; 
but, an inRrmily of hearing, >*hlclf |p«W 
upon bin of late, preclnding'bis iotev 
lercnce in Ibe iudicial Rlnctions al tW 
benr^b, he eon'tined himself prinolptt*^ 
to ihois pertaining to tba mknagenitt 
and discipline of lh« <H4u*« ot C^ttt*' 
tion ; and especially to tbS' rcioMfMi 
ot the New Priton, i,rCtrHeniwtR,'*MM 
WM re-erected under bitiMMedlMt IW 

! hs p[[>ceed- 
.A. kly IS, 
D.C.L. April 

Bt brother of 

t^MO ChMD, aiq. of Childwail. He 
••4 Ma>gW(t, duL of Sit [Uch. Brook, bt. 
'trUartoa Prioiy, in Cheahln, ind by h*r 
jU !■■> (brc* dftBgbleri, one died jDung, 
' faB tm DMnied, now living. 

Jhn. 17. H«v. Jlfe<Aiuaien Jjmjui, of 

Am. IB. At BaitOD-crewwDt, (he B«t. 
JlkMut £>iairy PaHrUge, Ills of HJIile^, 
JMd m jNtn Hector of UW, no. GIouou- 
iiti Mug prsMirted ;□ J 79a E^ hit lile Mo- 
iMf. He DM af Meiton College, Oxford ; 
^Uiii ha proceeded MA. Jul]>7, 179!. 
'.-'^H. H. Aged 6S, the IU«. »m.»%Je, 
S.B: Hector of Lillej, Hi - 

■nd in 1787, wu * 

Jan. SO. At the Glebe H oiue, Stcdum 
Euli, Suffolk, in bii 44th leu, Bw. baac 
Jspland, M. A. Rector of that pvieh. Ha 
wusnstive ofthslileafElx, ud reoelnd 
the cvl; port of hb education U the CMhe- 
dral Gnmmer Schoal in thut tun i from 
whence ha mu removed u Pembroke Qall, 
Cembridge, where he proceeded to A« de- 
eree of B. A. in 179B (belia the ISlh 
Wraogter on the Tripo*)> anil to that of 
M.A. ID 1301. He wo elected ftFelfew of 
his Socierr; and la lata lerred the o^ee 
0^ Senior Proctor in the Uoiverut^ 1 aod ia 
1817 wu pteeenled I7 hie Colleg« to Ae 
■bore Rectory. He wu u eceoiBpIUied 
■choUr end gantlenuD, (ud B miD Wit fiirhk 


of St. 

J CJbwa, Cimbridge-, B.A. 17 . 

-Mlb 1TS0,B.D. 17aSt attd wu ID 179S 
MMrt^ to Um Reotory of Ijllay hj hii 

CMipi nd in 1810 by the Oaa uul 
%»aft»' of'S^ to (bs Virange of Im- 

jOlely. Aged 69, 
j,of HourhtoD-Mi 

I, the Her. ■ 


At HootoD pBgrtell, the TAt*. Wm. A 
Vicar of (hat pUce, and Airmeriy of Sea 
near Wakefield. He - ' 

. , the TrurtMe ofWahefieM'Selloc^ 
Rev. Abi Darht, R^ctorofKetly, De- 
ma, to which b* WW neMntad hi >7n^ by 
A. KelJy, esq. . . , . . , 

Her. Ja>. iNm, tmt oT Bad««aU. 
Yorkahira, to which he wh pwaMled by 
(ha Manpia of HnnH^ini ia Vnu Ha 




In Surrfiy-squBRiy WOliam Smith, etq. 

Jan. 96. In Danet-square> Regent's 
Park, Jane, widow of the late Philip Na- 
thaniel de Visme, esq. 

At her father's house in Chelsea, aged 
fily £mma, wife of George Hawkins, esq. 
and the only cliild of John Henry Gell, esq. 

lo Ldttle Queen-street, Westminster, aged 
96, Frederick, eldest son of Mr. T. VVoodfalU 

Jane, wife of Jolin Butler, esq. of Artil- 
lery-street, Bermondsey. 

Jan. 39. At Dulwich, in his 32d year, 
Thomas Fry, under-gardener at the College, 
and keeper of the toll-har in Lordship-lane. 
He has left a widow and three young chil- 
dren, and has left also a good name for 
cyery virtue in his condition of life. 

Jan, 30. Anne, wife of John West, esq. 
Pavement, Mooriields, and Brixton-hill, 

Jan, SI. Aged 72, George Powell, esq. 
of Wilson-street, Finsbury-square. 

At Colebrook-row, Islington, George 
Mayer, esq. of Little Britain. 

At Denmark-hill, Mr. Matthew Robins. 

Feb. 1. In South Molton-street, in his 
fiSd year, Henry Neech, B. A. of Morton 
College, Oxford. This gentleman was one 
of the able contributors to the " Etonian," 
and distinguished himself also in the Public 
Eautminations of last Term. ' 

Feb. 2. At her brother-in-law's, Mon- 
twoe-street, Russel-square, Miss Sophia 
Manlcry, of Burton Cottage, near Milden- 
hall, Suffolk, and fourth daughter of the 
late John Mauley, esq. of the Temple, and 
B!oomsbury-square, London. 

Feb. 7. At KensingtoQ Gravel-pits, Su- 
sanna, only sister of Mr. T. Stewart, of 
Gracech urch-street. 

Feb. 10. At his house in John-street, 
Bedford-row, aged 47, John Gregory Shad- 
dick, esq. late one of the sworn Clerks of 
the Court of Chancery. 

Feb. 12. In Lower Berkeley-street, aged 
84, Dorothea, relict of the late James Law- 
lor, esq. of Dublin. 

Feb. 14. In Guilford-street, in her 81st 
year, Mrs. Elizabeth Tooke, widow of the 
Rev. Wm. Tooke, F. R. S. whose death is 
recorded in our vol. xc. part ii. p. 466, 

Feb. 16. At Deptford, Wm. Oswald, esq. 

Bedfordshire. — Jan. 31. At Harold- 
house, aged 68, Thomas Alston, esq. 

Cambridgeshire. — Jan. 17. Aged 25, 
the wife of J. S. Saberton, esq. near Chat- 

Cornwall. — Feb. 2. At Penzance, aged 
68, Philothea-Perronet, wife of Thomas 
Hiompson, esq. banker, of Hull. The uni- 
form piety and extensive benevolence of this 
excellent lady have long been known in Hull 
and its neighbourhood. 

Devonshire. — Lately. At Hatherleigh, 
Lady Harrington. 

F^. 6. At Dawlish, James Browne, esq. 
of Brighton. 

Ftb. 8. Mttisnne, wife 6f Fnttds Gar- 

ratt, esq. at Ella Combe, near Torquay. 

Dorsetshire. — Lately. At Giliingham, 
the mother of Mr. Dowding, bookseller^ 
&c. of Salisbury. 

Jan. 16. At Weston, aged 76, Joseph 
Bishop, esq. the oldest Commissioner of 
Taxes in Dorsetshire ; and it may be truly 
said he always acted with the greatest inte- 
grity and impartiality. 

Durham. — Lately. G. Edwards, esq. 
M. D. of Barnard Castle. 

Gloucestershire. — Jan. 1. Aged 80» 
E. V. D'Arville, and on the 10th of the 
same month, aged 28, G. S. D'Arville, the 
two elder sons of the Rev. George D'Arville, 
of Thombury. 

At Cheltenham, in the prime of life, Mmot 
H. P. Blakeney, of 66th regt. and brother 
of Col. Sir Edw. Blakeney, K. C. B. 

Jan. 19. At the Vicarage, Stonehouse, 
Jeonnette, wife of Hawkins Fisher, esq. oil 
Stonehouse Court. 

J art,. 20. Aged 65, Margaret, daughter 
of the late Capt. Alexander Robe, of BristoL 

Jan. 22. In her 78th year, Mrs. Pene- 
lope, relict of the Rev. H. Green, M. A. 
late Rector of Earl's Croome, and Vicar of 
Feckenham, co. Worcester, and mother of 
the Rev. Henry Green, M. A. Vicar of Ali- 
Saints, Bristol. 

Jan. 23. Aged 28, Elizabeth, wife of 
A. Harford Battersby, e$q. 

At Ashley-place, 77, Joel (Gardiner, esq. 

Mr. Gadd, Master of Bristol City School. 

Jan. 24. At Berkeley, aged 76, William 
Joyner Ellis, esq. senior Coroner of the 
county of Gloucester, which office he had 
filled 33 years. The death of this gentle- 
man was occasioned by the inclemency of 
the weather, whilst on a journey to Bilton, 
on his official duty on the 22d. 

Feb. 2. At Coin St. Aldwin's, near Fair- 
ford, aged 8.9, General Lister, late Colonel 
of the 45th reg. and Governor of Landguard 

Hampshire. — Jan. 15. The late Rich. 
Merricks, esq. whose death we noticed in p. 
93, was on his return from Bath, where he 
had been for the recovery of his health. He 
was Deputy Lieutenant of the county of 
Sussex, an upright magistrate, and a truly 
benevolent and pious Christian. 

Jan. 19. At Gatcombe, Isle of Wight, 
Lieut. Wm. Worsley, of 89th reg. of Foot, 
son of Dr. Worsley. 

Jan. 23. At the Polygon, Southampton, 
Lady Bertie, wife of Vice-Admiral Sir Tho- 
mas Bertie, whose feelings for the dis- 
tresses of the poor were evinced by her con- 
stant and extensive charities. Her loss will 
be severely felt. 

Hertfordshire. — Jan. 20. At Putte- 
ridge Bury, aged 78, John Sowerby, esq. 
father of Mrs. CoUinson, of the Chantry, 
near Ipswich. 

Jan. SI . At St. Stephen's, near St. AI- 


Jte.M. Ttavifc* 

»l V. uJ«- W«UlHlond,irfY<»fc. 

Ai.l. flIlIniBMi. 

ir Im Fm*; •irttaMM.TopbM>,ML(JLa>te 

I Fnw* •utor (a M. TopfaM>> Ma. (f 
«XJS%' Wuu.-J(n. 10. lb. 

w, At ttttet at 

■.to. AiB _._ , 

^RTAUTV', fism Jn. t«, to VOL IB, i«^ 
Bmiid. I aal < tM i 

1^ died mdn tw* ]«n old U7 JS HndWlM 

— n .laoa*d40iu 

Sdt6a.rMtl»>lMl| ifApvpiMBd. UiadGOin 

" «UMBML AVSBAGE of BRm^ CORN «Uch SvTNU iB^artAa, ■ 

from tba Ratons radfaig Fabnaij IS. 
What. I fiHler. | OMi. ) I^- I 'Omm. 1 Ttai. .!] 

^\ « 7 I SB a I 17 8 I M 10 I S6 7 I 80, 7 .6, 

)':..■ . HUCBOFFLOUH, pw SmIc F«bnuiyl7, 40t'»«8». ■■|-. 

) ,, ^\ . AVERAGE FfUCX of SUOAB, Ftbnmr^ ip, asi. l^A par ort. '■ . '.. '"ft 
"^''■< inUCZ OF HtffS, IN THB BORCnJGH MAIKBT, AbnMy*!. - - '''^ 

KMtl^ 91- Oi. to tl. lOi. I Funlum PodceU 61. Of. to g2. tfr^ 

Sown Ditto ll. 18>. to aU 6). Kent Ditto 9t. 6s. to Gl. I9f, 

Ynrltngt If- 10>. to 2/. 6>. Suua Ditto 9(. 9i. to it. Itj.' 

OHAtM 01. 0>. to oJ. oi-lEusiDiCto 9L bs. to it. Of, 


St.J^>«'i, HsflLOf-Otf. Stnir It. ISi.Od. Clonr 4i. Os. M.— Whitiicbipal, H»r4I.W,0i, 

Sa«rM.O(.OiL ClonT4J-10i^'.Smi(hfi«ld,Hij4t0i. S(n«lLlB«.Oil. CIot«t4I.(^ 

SMTTHFIELD, Ftbruuj fi4. To BiuJc the OSiil— per itoae of elb«. 

BmA. .^.... S«. fld. to 41. 4d.\ Iuib.» Di. Dd. to Oi. «f. 

hbttOB 4>. Od. to 41. etf. Hetid of Cktile It Market Feb. S4: 

V^w 4f. Sif. to 5i. IDd. I Beuu 9,3flS CbIim les. 

P«k St. Sit. to 4]. Sd.| Sheep IS,fi9a Plgi MO. 

"CXtALS, Feb. 91 : Newcutle, 3Bi. 6i/. to 46i. Gif.— SuoderlmDcl, 4e>. Orf. to Oi. Od. . 

TAUDW, par Cwt. Town Tmllow 49i. Oif. Yellow Rtnuft Ot. Od. ' 

SQAP, Yellow 741. Mottlod SSi. Curd BCj.— CANDLES, Bi. 6d. perDoi. Mouldi lOi.DJ. 

THE AVERAGE PRICES of Navioabli Cawal Sharii eod other PnoriRrY, lik 
(FA. }6e3, to the e4th) st the Office of Mr. M. Raine, incceiaor to the lile VSl 
ai^n, SSi New Biidge-itreet, London. — Gruid Tranlc Cui>I, tOOOL — BimiagU^ 
r.t..l , Bi D.— Neuh, 400J. Div. 991. lOt. per annum.— Swuh, SOOI. Dir. 101. per umuitt^ 
— HonmoMh, 170(. Div. at. per aiiiiuRi. — Grind Junction, S45t. Di». lOLper utiiUk 
~%aiiGhe>teT, Bolton, ud Bnry Cust, lost. Div. St. per uuiinn.— Old Union Ctail, 7^1 
Vn. 41. per unum— Roehdde, 6SI:— EUeamere, OSi— Regent'i. 44t.— Seveni end 1VV4 

n^Mf Mid CubI, 391. 101.— Portc ■- "' * — ■"-' '" — ' °" ^-^ --' " -'- — 

— 4bnti«t end AtoiIi I9t. lOi. — Wi 

, lS4l.— Eut LoodoD Water WoHn, 1 1 OI^-WsrtmbBler Oi* Li^t 
-^ .AiCbtMUf , 70t.— Bath Oaa Light Ditto, t«L Sf^-WMnfooBHttgg OH A^dnfM,' 
t^t.i4ktt» nW AMnOtiei. 301. 

Bf, 70t.— Bath Oaa L^ht Ditto, t«L if ^-WMnfoO BHttgg OH A^^ 
. MB1 

.: fag 

■-■^tiaiml Camnmiiiratton^. 
HOmuiMtmiNcs. — QuMtlau, &o..i^ 

i^^^NtuiM of the Brit'iah Nkvy 19$ 

■ Bd DelHua ofTithea 197 

Plan, 198.— OaChnitlan Nuiieg...l9.') 
(^ (fter the BUhnp of [lolvioail Hdum Hi. 
at nf St. Vaul'a Cliurcb, Shad-ell.... S0 1 
M Md Modem linerpool contmted...iA. 

at of EvertDii, Dear Liverpool ...9i 

ih sf St. Olive, Han-itiect, deaciibed ai 

«l Hiitotj of British HiomdiiKs 9i 

BM(«nc« en HiiUM of Lurdi deciilieda 
tial Notices of the Itlaad of Ioaa....« 
>paaari.- Agricultural Diitresi.-Tichea ! 
leb* Luda, iin.— Effect of a Chinn.i 
field Mid Monre'i Poetry compared. -S 
MofEoglbhoK ■-■■■■■ 



■a MuUbilitf of Nallaoal GraailFur. 
Seld'iCharacter of R<v. K. Wao<Mea< 
wnt. No. IX.— Cbaocer.— ThonH> 

« Derivation of ChriatitDNanei,. 
lit <rfthe lue Dr.Hutton 

Ibbiiui or Ani pManttwit. 

Boad'lHiitgr; ofEatwlWiat.UM !« 

Biitton'aHiUw]' of CulcAwj CiAathS..A 
Wrigbt'i Onkie to the County of 

AccuuM of UighgaU Free G nunrnai Schod 3S 
Campin'e Memoire of Marie Antoinette.... .33 

CauM of the Fundhnlden raaintained 94 

RivingtOD'* Anaual Re);i3. fori T9B and I sa I . S4 

Lectures on Bntuiy, 94i.~Doi] Cirloi 34 

Genuine Remaiiu uf Samuel Butler. 94 

Mrs. Wolfentan'i Enchuted Flute, &c....i4 
Dr. Yates on the Patronage of tbe Cburch..i4 
Mra. Stothard'a Memoirt of C. A. Stolhard.SS' 
JuuCuei' Journal of Nauole on at St.HelenaSS' 
AsTiQ. RuciBCKEi.— Shops at Pompeii. ..95 

LlTERARvlNTtLLlGEKCE.'New FuUiutiODl. 9& 

l^itfroTical Cbtonirlc. 

Prncecdioss in prcient Session of Parliunent 96 
Foraii'n News, 96S.--DunieatiG OccuirenCHSe 

Edward Spencer Coffper : &o. Su: 

Bill of Mor»!ity.— Prices of Markets 

Meteorological Tsble — Prices of Stoclit... 
Shadwell i >D aneient Beacok 

Embellished with Views of St. Paul' 

atEtcrtoa, near liverpool ; and the Side of a Si., ht it Pompei 
Also with Repress ntationa of two British Hirondinei. 

luatn , 


t r 

• I -^ ♦ 



MARCH, 1823. 


Great Importance of the British NaVt. 

Jrbak, LloycTs, March 1. 
ILING myself of the permis- 

I have lately taken on seve- 
AODSf of intnnatins to your 
ilc readers what, I am per- 
their own feelings dictate to 
inds, — that, as Islanders, we 
lerienced the good effects of an 

1 to that part of our defence, 
f» I feel justified in stating a re-' 
on, that cannot fail of produc- 
rery one a gratifying sensation. 
f name of Alfred will be con- 
f the pen of the Historian to 
of time! This almost unpa- 
character for every thing great 
i, was the first to prove to our 
nen the utility of shipping, 

; our fleets were the surest de- 
•om that torrent of invaders 
/vas a continual source of evil 
:hief, until fleets were establish- 
ep the enemy in check. Wil- 

2 — what shall I say ? — the 
I, connected us with France ; 

various successors continued 
oil us with that power, un- 
ird the Third, whose military 
stand high in our annals, 
record the value of our coun- 
I bravery at Cressy and Poic- 
'ime and sober reflection, how- 
ad us to hesitate at least on 
lediency and justice of his 
Agincourt followed, and per- 
th no better results. **Time, 
;ver-rolIing stream," at last se- 
our politics from the Conti- 
3m the deaths of their succes- 
id with the exception of a 
prince coming to support the 
to establish Magna Charta 
by the bye, was most for 
m personal interest), we re- 
detached as it were from all 
id polities' with the Continent. 


In £liiabeth*a reign— -a reign of |mk 
deocci, good mani^geinent» and iml^ 
perit]HHk Navy was formed by Spaiii 
C^hote eapaci^ for doing it was feonil. 
ed in' her having ^ioMi coltmug, and 
foreign commerce), vrhich vnm of toeh 
a magnitude, that any thing short of the 
Queen's character, and the abilities* bf 
her Ministers, would have nara^ped ' 
nation, and confounded its ooun 
She, however, rose sujperior,— 4ie . 
nisters shone conspicuous, and hi^ 
fleets produced a o^llantryand heroism 
never befort equalled. With all these 
circumstances impressed on the mind, 
we may briefly mention the variote 
monuments erected by a grateful peo- 
ple to her memory, in different parts 
of the kingdom, paying it an homage 
which no Sovereign before or since 
has experienced. At this period the 
stable formation of our fleets may be 
said to have been planned and exe- 
cuted ; and the names of those excel- 
lent seamen who commanded them, 
are too well recollected to require re- 
peating. — James II. ** heaves in sight*' 
next to our floating recollections ; he 
was a brave oflicer; the Dutch can 
prove this. 

With the Revolution came again 
continental connexions, and Wilnam 
III. and Queen Anne*s reigns esta- 
blished the character of our country* 
men for valour, as soldiers; with 
it came heavy expences, and ^e 
first formation of tlie National Debt ; 
but we hear nothing of the weight of 
expenditure afloat; — for this plain rea- 
son, it was never felt. Fleets, the 
bulwark and defence of Islanders, 
are producecf in the bosom of their 
country, and fed from it; and although 
taxes may be laid on towards their for- 
mation, and to provide for their Sup- 
plies, which must go from (he pockets 


1823.] British Navy .---Origin and Defence of Tithes. IJIJ 

quired could be stated. 3. A thorough asserts *, and Leslie and ■ others have 

iDowkdge of geography. 4. A know- evinced by arguments not easy to be 

ledge of antient and modern history, refuted. It is sufficient at present to 

5. A good knowledge of drawing and observe, that when the Gospel, taught 

fortification. here in the days of the Apostles, and 

** Any four of these to be sufficient, most probably uy St. Paul, came to be 

viz. the first, and either three of the generally known and embraced, the 

remainder. great landed proprietors built Churches 

"\our Lordships could alter and for divine worship ; and being at liber- 
arrange these in any way your better ty to endow them as they pleased, they 
judgment might deem right. thought good to endow them witn 

"While something of this sort Tithes, — a mode of providing for die 
would doubtless stimulate many to service of God, which had uninter- 
j)ress forward in the career of know- ruptedly obtained in the world, at least 
ledge ; it would not hinder or shut the from the days of Abraham, 
door of promotion to others who might From this period of the endowment 
descrxe it, from various other circum- of Churches, whenever it was, but 
stances ; some, perhaps, would not be anterior certainly by many centuries 
able to attain it; otliers would not to the days of William the Norman^ 
try: while the zealous would gain pro- there have been in every parish two 
motion in the service of their choice, proprietors; the proprietor of the land, 
and in doing which they would have ancl the proprietor of the Tithes. The 
acquired a stock of information which landed or lay estate has passed, by in« 
would befriend them in a thousand in- heritance, by purchase, and by other 
stances, and in the acquisition of which modes of transmission, throu^ the 
much had most probably been em- hands of various proprietors. The sa« 
ployed, which otherwise would, per- cred estate or Tithes, in many cases, 
naps, at the best, have been wasted; remain at this day attached to the 
and on this account only, I doubt if Churches, to which they were first as- 
one parent who has a son in the Navy signed. He who first succeeded, say 
would regret a regulation of this na- by inheritance, to the founder of a 
ture. Church, had no right to complain that 

•* Leaving this subject, however, to his father, having the abi^olute disposal 

vour Lordships' uiore mature and bet- of the entire estate, devoted one-tenth 

ier judgment, 1 have the honour to of it to the service of Cod; nnd be- 

remain,' &:c. queathed nine- tenths, and only nine, 

1 have now fulfilled the promise I to his heir. And all who, in succeed- 

made, of transmitting for publication mg tunes, have come into possession of 

in your valuable pages a plan suggested the same estate by purchase, gave less 

by an excellent young oiiicer, who feels ^or il, probably one-fifth less, than thej 

exactly as a liberal mind ought,— as would have given, had they bought it 

one who is interested for the honour not subject to the out-going Church 

of the service, and the glory of his payment. And the proprietor of an 

country. To your readers, and to the estate, so circumstanced, has no more 

highly respectable persons to whom it reason to complain, that he has not 

is addressed, 1 will leave it, as deserv- that other part, the Tithes, which he 

inir of attention. ^^^ "^^ purchase, than he has to com- 

T. Walters. P^ain that his neighbour's field, which 

^ he did not purchase, is not his. 

" The case is precisely similar, if he 

Mr. Urban, March 3. is merely an occupier or tenant. He 

SEVERAL Correspondents, in your took the farm, subject to the known 

valuable and interesting Maga- charge or deduction of Tithes, and has 

zine, have lately speculated on the in fact two rents to pay, one to the 

subject of Tithes; but, as it seems. Land- owner, the other to the Tithe 

without understanding, or at least, owner ; but with this advantage in his 

without adverting to, the true nature favour, that the two rents combined 

ond sUte of the question. shall be less than the one single rent of 

1 shall not here inquire into the di- the same land would be, if not subject 

vine right of Tithes, which the great ■ 

■oracle of the law, Sir Edward Coke, • Sec Leslie, vol. II. SuJ, 


Soofe Ptottt.— CJirittiM Nmw; ,^t 

DK w, n^-dHMrea- comipdmD^EIua,a>idthiwI«^Mal, 

(M IhUui,?i«h«^ atlj %Hiiih..fll|M) 

uiiWWMCNMmacoOT lignifiw the b aai gi flil Elm., : .,. .^^ 

LI -! . :_ .«,. MmliUa, Suoa, oobk 1^. ., „, . 

Ratktl, Hebrew, a ■twcp.AT ImqW' 

be tame owner, gne foi 
the Book, * peculiaritjr 
r« only obaerved in thia 
1 therefore meritiag de- 
li e plate at the begin djdb 
imoD size, bearing a shield 
d under it the name, viz. 
t Foat, of Hilt Court, in 
of Gloucester, Baronet, 
Aaguil. l6R8, the 14ih 
I Cnurlea the Second.''-^ 
>late at the eitd of the 

quaitrriDgi, SO on the 
the lame on the sinister, 
is inicrJbed — ' Marria«eB 
Line' — ' Marriages in the 
!,' with this appropriate 
ma per eicet tunt alUna.' 
~— ^niu aflbrdi a splendid heraldic dis- 
play, and roa^ be alw interesting to 
ibmBitUMihibfl, when he is inform- 
tf thai this raroil; (Fust), now ez- 
IMci in thii counUr, was laid to be 
Ae^uoe which produced the immor- 
tal frinier of Menlz. 

X beg to add, that although Book- 
plaiet are engraved by an inferior 
class of atiists, yet we have one or 
two exrant by t'he hand uf the cele- 
brated Hogarth, which, from their 
rarity, are eagt^rly sought after by the 
curious collector. C. S. B. 

Abraham, Hebrew. Howercr IMh 
di&rence rfierc may appear b«tfi>i^ 
Abram and Abraham, we find m tfla 
17th Chapter of Genesis the AlnMita 
talkingwith Abram, and wyin^ "Wi- 
ther shall th j name any more be citlld 
Abram, but thy name ahall be .Mn^ 
ham, for a father of many nattont hM« 
I made thee." Abram meani a h^ 
bther, Abraham the father of a grtet 
multitude, in short a Patriaroh. 

Adolplius, Latinised from the Sawn 

Alfred, Saxon, all pcsce, the He- 
brew Solomon, the Greek Iraomia 
meant peaceable. 

Alplunto, {max Gothic HeUbni, our 
help. > 

JlndrtK, Greek, manty. 

Anthoni/, 'Ai6», ngpifiea flonriab- 
ing, thus this name may be Mntii^ 
mow with Thales and Enthaliai'oT 
the-Greeks, Plorenthisof theRomahai 
the Roman family rr 

be so named from a so 
Archikaid, German 
The narae is very c 
land ; from Archee Armstrong, the 
fool of James the First, some have sup- 
posed the adjective arch, meaning wag- 
gish, witty, to have originated ; Mr. 
Archdeacon Nares, however, believe* 

ight have c 

of Italy, said to 
n of Hercules. 

a bold observer. 

it to b< 


Mr. Urbah, March I 

MY present 
begin wii 
male names omitted in my last : 

Alice, from the German Adeliz, sig- 
nifies noble. 

Amelia 1 conceive to be from ihi 
French Amie, and Latin Amaia, be- 

Bertha, Saxon, bright, noble. 
Bridget, the same, apparently Irish, 
- .Emma is probably the same as Amie, 
Emily, either the same as Amelia, 
or from the Roman ^mi" 
hi Greek, aifable, pleasant 
~ Frances, German, free. , . . 

ventent that Francet be so spelt to dis- the raiser of the waters, that is per- 
tingnbh it from the male Francis, but haps of God, in allusion to the pas- ' 
there is no other reason for it. sage of the Red Sea. 

I find from more than one authority, Benjamin, Hebrew, the son of the 
^Ith respect to halclla, that Isa is a light hand, see Gen. xsxv. IS. 

■" ■ Ckattn,. 

Atlhur, British, mighty; or perhaps 
the name originated from the child 
being born under Arcturus (a stariu 
the Great Bear). 

Aueusltts, Latin, increasing {in 
wealth and honour] ; unless it come 
from the Greek, and mean splendid, 
illustrious. It was first given to Oc- 
tavius Ciesar, and has ever since beien 
families; hence 
ilmost becomes synonimous with 
meaning the Greek Basil, rc^al, which was 

\olomeai, Hebrew, the 

I vL V ■'^i'' -■ -. .. ... 7, t,(| _ 

I IHadm nnl Mnd knte K- <knl «Mt> <SMaS% •> iS 

& xnd .id> u n^SliM LodkK WaaHMIi. ' CttE 

I *iPii!B of I aew Cbwdi of Si. ■ ■* . „; ,.^ 

f M,»Mdwdl, MiddlcMi, I Mod t . TT* ,. i^^o 

I ItvH'^ iq«»ci.«iieii ot U fm M'"" "' M»»««» Ia».«iioi. 

I M(( /J Thfl following jodicioM Z^ TWo te IHI mI 1761. ^imf 

I MMittoa iu gconol chaiMtar, mmI < hv * WO^M*/ .(Mmm /i«. Ai^l» 

I HmoilailT the He^le, are Mtnctad <JM* fTfiMfyf IH.«NdaHs«M 

« dwigow «wl architect, the ble ^-m. ^.iM»iT#Cti#TiBt»'7^ '."^ 

■»l,ijod3»»i ... IJ Ij™«»Tti««, PpimSk 

„„ , ,, ^ _ tncAanaiidScisKiwa.— WomMI 

"OMdmad hi ih* nptuditaN to a km swaie that, in itAl th^» IZI » 

b.WhtrZ?rAabMn«MM«rfdi- wotbert 

«iD,a>dbiAe>M|>bb«iKiDj<rfiUM«» ■%• No 

■I prtif b iMratlT jWdi to A* bom ai- ornament 

Inieriptln) ou the We*t front : 
"J. Wihm, •rehitaeti n-bo^t « 
ftiwin j M j>cccxz^-J. Sln^&w, kniUi 
The whde. expenditure, inoluding -Ltguui, 

"J. Wihm, •rehiteeti n-bo^t Pi»o ddiimmmi 
' IhHaIni M j>cccxz^-J. Sm^&w, kniUei,'' fin/utt. 

IM whole, expenditure, inoluding -i^TCuun, 

oiniiandfiiniitare,ww«boiitl4,00or Bopnu, I 

TGt new Church wm coDtwtaMl -tiw, sm 

>prilfi, laao. wUdi u 

AaoUiei tpecinien of Mr. W*Iten'« oRumeiit 

■bilidei as an architect, the beautiful Lyceum ' 

Gothic Chapel on the London Hoapi- riet are attached. The Rental Iiutito- 

t>l estate, has been ably and minutely tion coDtains a splendid cwllection of 

described by your CarreB|ioiident E. I. )>icliire9, casts from the antiquet (pur- 

C. in page 4 of your present volume. ticularly from the Elgin Mantlet, p»> 

Rhadwell was forcnerly called Chad- sented by hia Majestv, its munificent 

teellr, and took its name, as is supposed, patron), and a valuable and rapidly in- 

ftom a sorinu dedicated to St. Chad, creaain^c Museum of Natural Hisloij. 

It was B hamlet of Stepney till l6()g, A floumhing Clauical and Mattienut- 

when it was separated from that na- tical Schod, under a Fellow of the 

riib by an Act of Parliament. It ties Lnivenity uf CambridgCj^fomis a part 

in theliuDdredorOsiulston. of thcsame inatitutioD. Tlie'^Socte^ 

The old Church, dedicated to St. of Travellers into Foreign Countriei,r 

I^ul, was built in the year 1666, consistschiefly ofyouagnun of a lile- 

Sincipally at the expense of Thomas rary and scieutiiic turn of miud, whp 

eale, esq. There are various views meet to communicate to each otjtv 

of it, viK. Maitland, vol. II. p, I37g ; the observations made on their toun*. 

Booth's Londoit Churches, &c. It Sixth. Structures for pLBAauif 

being very much out of repair, the in- and AMinBUZNT.7— Id 1761, the vUg 

hawants determined to erect a new place of aoiusement was a smaQ ,1^1)^ 

oae. atre in Drury.lane, now uted U a 

The right of presentation is in the warehouse. We have now a apacioaa 

I>eaa of St, Paul's; and the present and elegant Theatre in WilliaisH^ 

KecBr is the Rev. Charles Webb Le square, with a handsome stone ftentj 

Baa,H.A. the Wellington Rocmu, a b ' 


«l.xCT.ii. p.874( and Upomt't • B«. an Aaeo^ << thifc fcst Aitwg 
efLosdoB. H17 Ib vel. XCH. i. p. Sia. 

Mardi, isu. 

■ 1 



BTfMMl. leit mh- 

Jthi o£Um w 
t i 1 


DiipBifiriei.| mm^^iikm-mtiUm^^itm 
to Bangor, CanwrvMi^ 9te.ymAmifl$> 
on tbe riv«r Mwty; ToiDoUhi alNHi 

|ild»«afl the rree\7raminBr ac -j 

tfllwt^aly diftitty sehooU lu the we hvf alio eigbl'stiling fmaHuhgrnni 

jHl. The Ibrnm iiistitatioa ttiil 
pilHhck But without eateriiw into 
lllediMt enumeiatioa of the ditterent 
wifem iMtitutions for this purpote, 
ll<iag^4t«te# on the authoritjr of en 
1111 iiH miHiji iiiiiinji made, that the 
M JMiniber of children who now re* 
ceive gratniloos instruction in Day and 

oihera to Newl]^ JMfaalyoail thrtJUIt 
of Man. There it aha i».4idmHMi 
establiahmeBt of foreyi . jilrnijtjail 
which four aail McmlAly taiimif^Ymki 
In iaciUty of CAVAt and- Laim 
CovvsYAifoa, the' modern^ hMr^aA 
indifputed superiority over tfae«iticii| 
town. It enjoyed lUtb inlaod napf^ 

.- "T'ft* 

IMqr Schools, is 11,982, who are gation in 1761. The in tei eo tia 'tiwN 

daialed at an annual expense of 6739/^ tween the town and Manehetier>^AF«t 
We have novjr delineated and con«s then chiefly carried on hy* meam^taf 

<pled aU the prominent features in pack-horses. Now there aJpe thrcsrul; 

lisdiaiacter of Liverpool, at the two nals to that town, and immensa 

jwWi of 1881 and 17tfl; features titles of waggons, beside two. 

irifch jdistiqguish her from other great aod nine coaches, for the 

tom% a»d which have enabled bar to of passengers daily. 

tanisi most of tbem in the career to It would be unpardonable i« «a 4M 

^puleoce and fiime* We shall now conclude this imperfeet oootnsc, 

pieceed to contrast her in points not 

W^anurb peculiar to her, as common 

tqhihe other great towns of the empire. 

:T<>-hqgin with Placbs of public 
AppoMMODATioir and EvtbrtaiiI'' 
U$MTm These have kept pace with the 
gIMrtfa of the town. In I761, there 
were onlytwo inns, the Golden Lion 
and the Talbot. At present there are 
above 20 principal, besides a great 
number of inferior inns. 

An elegant and extensive building 
is now preparing for warm and cold 
salt water Baths, in lieu of the old 
ones, destroyed by building the Prince's 

The first appearance in 1761 of a 
sUige coach in tnis town from Loudon, 
no doubt excited as much surprise in 
the minds of our forefathers, as the 
"appearance of steam boats in the river 
in our minds a few years ago. A stage 
coadi hence to Prescot was set up in 
1764, and is mentioned among the 
memofMUa of that period. Could 
our ''rode forefathers*' rise from their 
gravies, and behold the present number 
aad equipment of our mail and stage 
coaches, the spectacle would fill them 
with aaoazement. 

In the records of 1761, we find no 
mcDtion of packets, although there 
were, no douot, one or two to Ireland 
and the Isle of Man. In 18S1, we 
have five iieam packets to Dublin ; 
three to the Isle of Man, Port Patrick, 

* Shice luiaccountably suffered to fidl 
into difuie* 

out compariiur the state of diat.„_ 
engine the Prbss. In 17«I^t 
was only one newspaper prot4l<A 
the town $ at present there «re- ftw 
political, two commercial, and^ihaas 
literary ioumals. . ,; ^ 1/' 

We have not, in this slight sketchy 
contrasted the intellectnaF chawwiar 
and refinement of the inhabitants $$ 
the two periods. This might be deem^ 
ed invidious; but we may observe, 
without any desien or wish to depre*, 
ciate our revered ancestors, that the 
preceding detail demonstrates the in- 
finite superiority over them in the qua- 
lities and attainments requisite for ao» 
quiring and consolidating commercial 
greatness. The noverty of taste and 
refinement in 1701, as compared vrath- 
their perfection in 1821, was not so 
much the fault of our ancestors, as o£ 
the times in which they lived. Tha. 
fine spirit which influences the ns»» 
sent age, had scarcely gone abroao at 
that period ; and our present cultivatoi. 
taste and high degree of r^uDemaot^ 
are the growth of the last 20 or 30 
years. Intellect in Liverpool has nott 
followed, but led the march to im- 
provement. I 

Thus we have contrasted LdveFpooti 
in 1821 with Liverpool in 176I. At 
the latter period we found her in her. 
infancy, but abounding in all the elc^. 
ments of commercial greatness. .Slw; 
has since expanded in bulk, and swell- 
ed in population. In her. rapid pio- 
gress to maturity, she has outstripped 
her rival on the banks of the Severh, 


W0l) BencM at Evtrton, nar Lwerpool. 

fidli John Highland, H 

CInk, and Fraacu Mou?, ci 

LoDdoiif io the year \GSQ ; ihejj after- cienl Beacon, an engrav'ng of which 

wadt Tcwld it to James Lord Slanley i» heie given by periDitsiou of Mr. 

•■d Stnnge, bi» heirs and successors, Gregson fromhis "PragmcDts afLan- 

ia 1639. cashirc *,'' page I57. 

This Beacon was probably erected well chosen, commimicatiiii;, N.E. 

in the reign of HenM|' III. It con- with those at Rivingtoii, Pike, and 

sisted of a square Tower of three Ashiitst. When the Clergy of l.iver- 

stories, the lower of which was ap- pool were driven thence in times of the 

propriated to the uses of a kitch- Civil War, they solemnized several 

en ; the upper rooms were lar^e, marriap^ within its walls. During the 

and well adapted for the reception siege of that town, it was occapioil by 

of a small garrison. On one of the Prince Rupert as an imi>ortaiit ()0»t; 

angles of the building a stone recep- his Head Quarters were Rxed in the vil- 

tacle rose above the roof, wherein were lagc, at a cottage atill in existcncef. 

placed combustible materials, pre- Among its walls several small shots 

pared to light in any case of alarm or have been found, some of which 

invasion, for which its situation was arc in the possession of M. Gtegsou, 

* This EagraviDg wu first printed with Ink niBnu(actiired, iindor the dlreccian nf Mr. 
Gregson, from burat corn (taken from the gresC iire uf tlie Goree, which occuneil nt 
Liverpool ia September IB] 3,) in vol. XXII. of the " TnuisBetions of the Suciety uf Ana, 
Mui^ctiires, and Commerce." For this sni) othnr useful Dp[>UcBtiuns uf burut nuterlals, 
ibe Society awarded the Gold Medal to that Gentleman. 

+ Engraved Id vol. xcii. i. -'iSo, — Edit. 


tmAei vcmIc, mrs ^led in at 
'W«o«(l£ > t 

•lWl('KUt'|M «> Utau|«M. 

lAdikisr' AM-id and Robtrt 
■htfoio^ nivniMikv i§ pnnci* 
Ikn^Mid bcnefacton of ihU 
l>'«4 who, H l» tiMM, w«n 
klLr The mM Richard Cd7, 
mMf* idea mpecting fail iAeo- 

the original lenlptntiN of the Aiddt 
hne, MMne time aoo, beta i^laoefl 
with wooden imitacbnt. Kn ot the 
eorbeti on the Nnth tide of the na«« 
are farther deoonted with angek j and 
a male ^juret repTesented m faauted 

, lowatdi the 

id of the FiAeenth Centurj. 
MI7 the three other windowa 
n aMomed a timilar appear- 
Utbe window at the Wcat eod 
Aare has, at present, mnelr 
a tprlngina; from the old miir- 
nd each of the two other* had, 
tij, imright tnulliotis wilhoot 
tied rU» taming from them, 
d to all the several other win- 
roogbont the fabric, and Icar- 
'of consideiation hue, u well 
hat respect the drip-stonps af- 
iooed, some small apertures, in 
neatoi^Df the tower; (which 
ittd inlernallj; hut the exact 

diem externally, as orisinally 
ii now dubious) each of them 

of three lights, or dinsions, 
oqae-foil h«ids, formed under 
h Tcry flatly pointed. The 
if the windows, excepting the 
stemmost (which at the pre- 

have nol any) are finished ex- 
with drip-atones, having square 

And in respect to doorwaj-s, 
) the North and South en- 
of the Church, and the donr- 
» the South aile into the ves- 
e arches under square heads, 
Damenial spandrels; and both 
ler doorways have, externally, 
nes with square returns. There 

narrow entrances (exclusive 
others of recent construction) 

die shield* lowaidt the But end 6f 
the Sondi ule : npon thtee of the 
■hiddi an ■cnlptoicd two finu pta- 
santgndant} which mnind lu of the 
bearinci of onr nionanAi M an carl* pe- 
riod of Englbh HisHry. Sewal Ban 
bearings in reHef, corrctpondiiig with 
the fiiat of the following ikclclMi, aiid 
twoof themrcaemhle the second sketch. 


perture leads from the nave 
! Tcc lory-house ; of the arches 
eae apertures, those to the 
jtrance of the Church, and to 
entrances to the staircase, are 
depressed kind, turned from 
Iters; but those to the three 
OTways are of a boldly pointed 

r^hed tie-beams, with their in- 
jle moulded ribs, and oak pan- 
(each of them oriiamenled at 
)a with a floweret) over the 
d both the side ailes, remain 
«ilh the oMxplioa of a few 

The patron^ of this Chaich ap- 
pears to have been of old in the fa- 
mily of the Nevils; and upon refer- 
ence to Edmondson's " Heraldry,'' I 
find, under the nunc of Nevil, the 
sal tire mentioned in numerous in- 
stances as a principal feature of their 
arms. It belonged at a later date to 
different parties; among whom a^ 
pears the family of Windsor: and in 
the latter work, under the three ex- 
amples of this name, I find the ssltire 
mentioned likewise. By far the greater 
part of the said shields, however, have 
no bearings sculptured upon them. 

The decorations at the junctions of 
the moulded ribs of the ceiUngs are 

Erinclpally of sliields ; in some parts, 
Dwever, the rose is introduced in- 
stead thereof i and in others they con~ 

t of foli 


most of these fields 

plain, hut on a few of them 
are wnilptured the bearings exyreued 
in the first of the abore sketches. On 

1823.] Natural History of British Hirundines. 309 

Mr. Urbait, Ilartwell, March 4. its nest in chimnies, at the distance of 

SO numerous have been the letters * about a foot from the top, or under the 

in the Gentleman's Magazine on roofs of barns and outhouses, has com- 

the subject of the Migration of Swal- monly two broods in the year, and ge- 

f%t that I imagine a sliort account of Dcrally disappears in the latter end of 

natural history of each of ihe four September, or beginning of October, 

which innabit Great Britain, Like the rest of this tribe, it is perpe- 

1. iiQt be unacceptable to many of tually on the wing, and lives upon m- 

leaders. I have, therefore, sub- sects, which it catches flying. Before 

jned a correct Bgnre (see Plate 11.) rain it may often be seen skimming 

a short account of the common round the edge of a lake or river, and 

limney Swallow, and of the Mar- not unfrcqucntly dipping the tips of 

^J^ ana shall endeavour in a subse- its wings or under part of its body into 

quent Number, to add the natural the water, as it passes over its surface§. 

history of the Sand Martin and of the The Marti sr, or Martlett of 

Swift, together with figures of the heraldry, hirundo urhica, (Fig, 2.J is 

same, which will complete the Bri- . rather less than the swallow, and is 

tish hirundines. distinguishable at firbt sight from it. 

The Chimney Swallow, hirundo by the bright white colour of all the 

rusticaf (Fig. I.) is the most com- under parts of the body. This bird 

mon, as well as the best known, of usually makes its first appearance early 

,them all; and for this reason is pro- in May, though sometimes sooner, and 

.bably classed first by Linna:us. Its leaves us towards the latter end of Oc- 

.Jength is about six inches, breadth tober. It builds under the eaves of 

',fioni tip to tip of the wings, when ex- houses, in the corners of windows, 

.ttmded, about twelve. The upper parts and in crags of rocks and precipices 

of the body and its wings black ; the near the sea, and has oftentimes three 

under parts whitish ash-colour ; head broods in the year ; its nest is curiously 

black ; the forehead and chin are constructed, like that of the swallow, 

marked with a red spot; the tail is with mud and straw, and lined witli 

very much forked. This bird gene- feathers on the inside ||. 

rally arrives in this country somewhat The earliest and latest appearance of 

sooner than the rest of this genus, these birds, and their annual migration, 

usually making its first aj)pearance be- have been the theme of numerous 

fore the middle of April J. It builds writers of both antient and modern 

* See the General Index to the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. i. p. 435 j vol. ni. 426, 
"f In ventriculu dissccto scarabseos invcnimus. In camlnis nidificat. — Raii Synop, 
p. 71. 

+ The Swallows of o\ery species are few on their first appearance ; afterwards increase 
in numbers ; arc further multiplied by the accession of the young broods ; and are dimi- 
nished again before they wholly disap^jear. 

§ This was observed by many of the antient writers of natural history and philosophy. 
So Virgil ; — 

** Nunquam inprudentlbus imber 

Obfuit. Aut ilium surgentem vallibus imis 
AcritC fugdre grues ; aut bucula, caelum 
Suspiciens, patulis captavit naribus auras ; 
Aut anguta lacus circumvolltavit hirundo, 
£t veterem in limo ranae cecin^re querelam. 

f^irg. Gcor. lib. i. 377. 
Which is imitated from Aratus: 

'A^XJirov aXv^^ovToct Ivifjusvat voocriTcriv' 
H Xi^VTjy 'JTSoi dn^a ;^E>adoyEf dkcraoyTock 

Aral. Dios, 210. 

II Pliny observes: "Hirundines luto fnidum) construunt; stramento roborant. Si 
(juiindo inopia est luti, madefuctce multa aqua, pcnnis pulverera spargunt. Ipsum vero ni- 
(lum mollibus phimis flocclsque consternunt tepcfaciendis ovis, simul ne durus sit infanti- 
hiis puilis. In fa'tu summll .Equitate alternant cil)um. Notabili munditift egerunt excre- 
menta pullorum, aduhicjresc;. circumagi ducent, et foris saturitatcm emittere.*' 

Gent. Mag. Mn\hy I32;j. times^ 


MiMU0a.«f A graii Jiii4 skiHbl work t tentiaieDlt ao adgilraMf m mma^ by 
MS.OlP >?tf^'»ef>ti, are diigmceM ^ >«I Ai 6^ lliaM «^^ '""^ 

JniFWailtr«p tbe iatte, 

and ans of We mvw beta vpon iImk^ImI «• air 

J. Bkittoii. 

Our fbot WKm aoiBt rafwraod lAflacy ; ' ^^^? 
And aoflttioiilen htra, in theaa dpea <Mm 
Whicn noir lie naked to the iirfimeaV "- - 
Of rtormr weether« eooM nen lie bJlmMi*^ 
Who lovVl the Chnich to well, eod;fM M 

„ laigelyto't, TboMe 

odcbrated Nonnerr otlona, or They thmight it AoM htm oawipM^lbeb 

I m iit i - k itUaKcoftheHebridea. Aeon* Tatdoaetdfty. BoteU thingiKMdnidL 

*" * f'hnTO^i end Qtiee thaiheve iliaaay)nJH|i 


iitWmi%V*BAM, Feb, 8. 

oj^^JQNG the antieot religiotia 
/wWlilahiiienta now falling to rutn. 

alMrMepaitoftheroof has (alien inland 
kmM the greater tfomber of the bean- 
^ttffitnd anttqoe tomb-atones of the 
ihUlfatod who are mteired beneath. 
flVlMrfshnrch of this Nnmieryis 58 
Hmhf 0a The floor was thickly co- 

Most have like death- that we Km*.** 




The reli^toas edifices in this Jsiimti 

were established bv St. Colmnba Jifaott 

the year 565, who left Irehnd, fan taU 

v'wtlb cow-dung, except at the tive country, and landed in the bay of 

'^eadf ' Whkh Mr. Ptonant had Port-na-cnrrach for the expreia poH 

pose of teaching Chrisliantty to th« 
I^cts. After having converted tha 
Pictish Monarchy he receired the pM» 
perty of this Island, where he fboiide^ 

to be cleared, and under which 
JWTlumb of the last Prioress was dia- 
MriMe, ^Mogh considerably defaced. 
V&e Aniire is carved praying to the Vir- 

ttkmiaFft with the address under her a cell for Canons r^ular, who, till tba 

iMtt^'^Saticta Maria, ora pro roe;** year 716, differed from the Chinch «f 

tid. ^Ili' this inscription round the nome in the observance of Eaafer^o^ 

MhlLhi^oldBrituh characters: -. •« «,. w^ 

;{^SBS» ^"^ Dombia Anna Donaldi Far- 
' ^^ qnondam prioretsa de lona, quas 
«i|iip mo. do. ximo djns anintam (al- 
^ >] eoiDmendamna.*' 

At the first establishment of this re- 
Ibioua house by St. Columba, the 
maa resided on a small island near 
ityatitl called the "Isle of Nuns." 
Tlus irie is entirely composed of fine 
granite, with which all the build- 
ittgSy afterwards mentioned, have been 

The island of lona, of which there 
is a view in vol. lxiii. p. 594, is a 
small bnt celebrated island, and was, 
as Dr. Johnson expresses it, ** once 
the luminory of the Caledonian Re- 
gions, whence savage clans and roving 
barbarians derived the benefits of know- 
ledge, and the blessings of Religion." 
Id this Island, and in this most cele- 
bmted seat of Religion, was the learned 
St. Cuthbert educated and brought up 
ill* that religion of which he afterwards 
became such a distinguished ornament. 
Tbe ruins of its antient religious esta- 
Uiibments point out in striking con- 
ttaat the present state, and its condition 
firheD It was the retreat of Learning, 
^ile Western Europe lay buried in 
iggOiiitce and barbarity. When we 
look am theae remains of ancient piety, 
ai«nBahst immediately call to mind toe 

the Tonsore. The Danes 
the Monks in 807» &rt<l the MonitslfiiBy 
became depopulated for many yemvi 
but on the retreat of the Danes, thi 
building received a new order, ths 
Cluniacs, who continued ther# till' Ibar 
dissolution of Monastic establishments, 
when the revenues were united to the 
see of Argyle, and on the abolition of 
£piscopacy became the property of the 
Duke. An account of the Cathedral 
may be seen in vol. xlv. p. 166. 

On the right of this Cathedral, but 
contiguous to it, are the remains of 
the College, some of the cloisters still 
visible, and the common hall entire, 
with stone seats for the disputants. 
This College, or the Monastery, was 
formerly possessed of a valuable library, 
which has been destroyed or lost* 
Boethius tells us that Fergus II. who 
assisted the Goths under Alaric, at 
the sacking of Rome, brought away aa 
part of the plunder, a chest of MSS. 
which he presented to this Monastery; 
and in former times the archives of 
Scotland and valuable papers were kept 
here. Of these, many no doubt wer? 
destroyed at the Reformation ; bat 
many, it is said, were carried to the 
Scots College of Douay in France, and 
the Scots College in Rome ; and it i$ 
hoped that some valuable papers amy 
yet be discovered. 

A Uttle to tbe Nordi of the Catho- 

r r ' 



'MUirWi ip< I jeducttoo at .30 
^MMMflU otucBii. Bat does a re^ 
!.MJoo» .however 'liberal* insure pay- 
Mrtbof - the. remainder ? It does oot. 
I'SSfi-^^uM^r still makes his excuses. 
' JUgOfnSsu^ daughters have not left 
|l||.r|^kmr and the piano-forte for 
iMr proper place. One part of what 
tbel^aimers feel arises from a circoro- 
ituioe which I have hardly seen no- 
ticed. When the wife and; daughters 
ittinded to the business of the house, 
tteMIPVtiiits were lodged in the house ; 

airpMiMimed port of the produce of 
tem in their provisions ; they had 
a gM kkchen fire to go to, a com- 
fmMt bed to sleep in ; they were 
aaWftbe master's eye and controul; 

ticy are now turned out of the 
balat^'aiHl day-labourers hired in their 
nM ; the consequence is, that when 
tbi di^s woiic is done, the yoon^ la- 
hatKf ^pt» to the ale-house; or if he 
wmkior, he gets a room to lodge in, 
ivlmehe has no fire; he looks out for a 
wife, gets a cottage, and fills it with 
diOdm, which the Farmer must 
UtgAf contribute to the keep of, in 
tbeabipeof Poor Rates. 

I aeree in the propriety of a Pro- 
perty Tax, which must be resorted to, 
if other taxes are to be repealed j if it 
omld be doubled on those who spend 
their incomes in France or Italy, so 
much the better. But the Fundholder 
possesses property as well as the Land- 
holder^ and that not subject to the 
numberless reductions to which the 
Landholder is liable, for repairs and 
loss by tenants, besides the Property 
Tax, which he would have to pay in 
common with the Fundholder, whe- 
ther the rent of the land was paid or 

"P. 600. It is unjust to charge all 
those who wish for a different mode 
of maintaining the Clergy from that 
piDvidcsd for by Tithes, as being ini- 
mical to the Established Church. 
There arc few indeed, except Cobbett 
and the Radicals, who would not wil- 
liAg^y pay as good a provision in ano- 
ther snape. The collection of Tithe 
in. kind is attended with numberless 
veixations; besides, that by carrying 
away the straw and hay, the manure 
(ov the ensuing crop is diminished. A 
corn-rent has of late been often given 
ou' Iriclosure Acts, and I have never 

• J^^fl^rWPW^ ^^'^•t'^^^^BJp t^TO^ Tffy *B1^P* ff v^ u 

■Yfkmi tlwt b 9dQ^9d,^vm Gktm^mmd 

is ift the saiiwislM m < dHhJUmMflAt > 
it isisubjcct tOfftvisaliat^bon |W«wmr. 
if ^e^prioe :Qf e«m Tiaeieastt, aO'twA • 
his rent ; if it firils, he is in.the'4isiifer > 
state as the Landlosd) and as to llie . 

Srice, ifhecoliectSywheDeomif^jfaflapi i 
fi must sell it at the lower price.-* f - •^' 

P. 646. Mr. Blair is said to lunre^ 
been Sargeon to the GeiarAftrM • 
Dispensary. Tliis probably rocano diO'j 
Bloomsbory Dispensary in Gfeiit lli»* ' 
sell-street ; in settinc whidi on fooit^ 
he and £>r. Pinckara to6k an aotiir* ^ 
part, offering their gratnitoos servidclf. 
He resigned this situation a few mondia^ 

before nis death. Notatok. > 


Mr. Urban, Mardk 9* - -, 

I OBSERVED in your Magazine 6f . 
January, p. 87i some queries rcapeol»' ' 
ing the liabihty of Glebe Lands topafrf*. 
Tithes; and nnding that no aniwor : 
is given in the number published . 
this month, I venture to trooble yop 
with a few observations, which, slioi^dis 
you not have received others mope' 
worthy of insertion, may periiaps af- 
ford your Correspondent somls litt^ 
information on the subject. 

One spiritual person does not pi^ ^ 
tithes to another, for " ecclesia decimas 
non solvit ecclesiae." 

Hence a Vicar shall pay no tithes 
to the Rector, nor the Rector to the 

But these personal privileges (not 
arising from or being annexed to the 
land) are personally confined to the 
Clergy, for their tenant or lessee shall 
pay tithes, though in their own occu- 
pation their lands are not titheable. 
Hence, if the Vicar is endowed with 
Glebe Lands, and he leases them, the 
Lessee shall pay tithes of such lands 
to the Parson. 

Now the Appropriator, or Impropri^^ 
ator, possesses the same rights as the 
Rector, although not a spiritual per-' 
son ; hence, I conceive, that when the 
Vicar. leases his Glebe Lands, the 
Impropriator is legally entitled to the 
tithes from such Lessee. 

It appears from a case in Sir P. 
Moore's Reports, p. 9 10, that the Par- 
son himselr shall pay small tithes to ' 
the Vicar if the land comes to the pdi^J- 
sonage afler the endowment. But by* 
the 55 Geo. IIL c. 147, power is gi^-cn 
to the Parson or other Incumbent oP 




>if«tMe'tetgMtliin1e,tiifltaf ^^idkx^m^tm^nMfkAmil^k^. 

4« yet printed toy poein^ 1M -^WifieiMd liiii ^iJlllM'eitfidM^ 

flayer vfoeM. The twd poems, mtitf lli^i^ iii4« wflfa'iMl^lltfNiK 

" I wiU tiaaserH»e it for tfi&Ad^>^ I'' T 

iABlrimtmtmimmfiMmmmdmf} • i^^^f 
Vby, ah I why cm yoa rtiU ao fiMwni? . |. .< 
I now thoofht trrj moBth w(Hd4 jbc llw . 

Felt ambttlon, I lEnov,It bo More. 
W»tli »atniJMlo tlwu pMvtott grWtMMi; 

And our vuHtiM ever ^ive o^ • .'-iri 

In Ctoc moment we siiil^ for IImm. 

And can Love then obtrode on that hrc«tt« ' ' * 

Wnere dall Care hat been ^WMrter'd lo iH^gt'' 

Do^como i«UiBe,aiy boar^'tiaa taH» ■• i^ 

Ti bare Httle in comiiion» the 
•embUince being in the con- 
•UnM. Moore^s is. 

WfM! tiio* seas between as roU, 

h tooted in my soal ; 

Mood that warms my heart, 

idea most depart; 

ii*s decisive stroke miu»t end 

tiM lov«r and the fnend."* 

dMimenrt Po€ti, XIV. p. 218. 

e6cld*8 is this : 

9, mkI we *ll together haste 

iharp tfaora to find the rose, 

t at transitory woes ; 

hffijdtt goal of Hope in view, 

behind as others do, 

I, ead only Death shall end 

km kfoer and xbx. friend*** 

And bj that I can jodte if i 'as wfwig; 

Why my vines are allpnMniaiog fair» 
And my -garden eaefi nrodoct beets 

Kay. the lalrn gives fkesb bealMi vid good •!% 

1 f 

while by labour I nMrtftrepoas. ; . ,,. 

And what tiwn can my poor bosom meaa« 

That It languishes tbise day by day ? 
Tes, 1 guess, tho* I dare not explain, 
.1 ^ »J 1 r 1* 1. Ah, then, tell me my heart, prytbee eer. 

pUng the tnte and foohsh con- .^„y y„„ w«it to cU vineyard yo»r owiv I ' 
tile thorn and the rose^ Waice- And to plant on your family ground; f 

S evidently much superior, and lodopendaalis alone wear • «n»wo. 
^mm*X^^m^J.^ ^»»rA««« JL »k»Ar.M.V« "Tw * i an gdo m you never have liMML* 

Testhesame preference throurfi- ^e,. to aay tiuTtiieee fonets ni« iiy«e. 

poem. We may suppose that Must be pleasure I cannot exprcsf ; 
ftieant to take only the subject These m^ sheep, these my lambs, these myllbe;' '. 

friend's effusion, but with un- T»aw i •»•**» left to fi—. 

OS recollection adopted his last Yet the day may oo^i eouie, when, Mte y«i, .. - 

rhe resemblance is somewhat 
% the two songs of " I said lo 
rt" But the author of ** Baga- 
still maintains the superiority. 

> my he^rt, in the way of discourse, 
oftoa coof^buUte ; Madam ! 
ucver be soften'd? and yield to the 

r, frt, »eD5e, and good natare of course, 
'Ou know, and well know, who hus had 



1 shall find some Msscenas in stere* 
But. alas ! 'moogst the many, how fo«r 
Who have feeungs bke my • •• #1 

Then TU seek one no further, but rset 
All on bun whom my fortune has 

Why should I alone doubt being blest. 
When he blesses an universe lowsd? 

* Whst he gives, you may wet! call your 0#l^ ^ ' 
And eojoy il in fieedora's repose ; 

For it comes as fiom Pity's soft throne, 
lleav'n grudges not what she bestows. 

Ah! tliea, where cau tiie difierence lie? 

For kinU Nature » equal to sU ; 
Feed your sheep tlicn beneath his kind eye^ 

And obey the de«r natural call.' 

Tes ! tlio' Nature but calls me in viun. 
She IS ready aod Toud to obey; 

For a summons still greater 1 mean. 
And till then 1 in banishment suy.** F. 90. 

Yours, &c. Invbstigator. 

Mr. Urban, JV5.27. 

YOUR Correspondent O. p. 504, of 
the last Supplement, should have 
8 loye lor 1 nais anu enas wiui ^^^ ^^^^ ^.^,„^ 3„j -^^ -^^ y^^ 

station to Phylhs. All this is account of the persons buried in the 
It. The other poet keeps up Cemetery for Heretics at Venice, re- 
lo^e with spint, and makes specting whom he solicits informatipjo.; 

ui wliich case it is very possible squh) 
further discoveries mignt be modp. . I 
have taken some little pains, but tha 
result of my examinations has becai 
very unsatisfactory. What does hft 

re, in the same measure, but a 
more common stanza, writes 

Mid to my heart, in a pet t'other day. 
tcr be hauc'd than go moping this way ; 
bings, no wislies, your moments employ, 
sleep ia my breast, witiiout motion or 

hen goes on about Chloe, re- 
B love for Thais, and ends with 

rt thus conclude ii : 

:as« to condemn me, or blame your be^t 


know, and rely on vxe better ; 

ent I hear of the girl who can tend 

iss of your life, from beginning to esn, 

n, and not rest till you gel her." • 

Bagatelles, j». 25. 

whole ballad is so full of po< lie 

* On again referrintr to the Volume, i| ap- 
wnoie oaiiaci IS so luu 01 pot uc ^i^^^^wo other poems from the " fi- 

bat I would have transcnbed it gatelles" are there given. It was in t& 
bad yoo not once before printed Annual Register for the same yw, I7$ri 
(OOf Miscellany; tvhere those that I had seea the Author's •^^dmfosgbe 
9 happy enough to possess the witli his heart." 


iHt. M. TempUf^ March 8. 

' Igu^u^ii tly happepLSft that a 
_ JuTTinK of a pedigree Is. lost, 
le circumstance of bomc lQcli< 
(f the Family having died in 
countries^ and the time and 
tances of their deaths being in 
jtftee forgotten. This would 
e degree be remedied, if any 
r' intelligent Correspondents 
A the Continent, particularly 
nee, Italy, Germany, Swit- 
, iand the Netherlands, would 
you with the sepulchral in- 
it they may chance to meet 
I their travels, on any of their 
men distinguished for rank or 
«» or other remarkable parti- 
more especially led to this ob- 
B, by having now before me a 
ollection in MS. of some In- 
ns, taken many 3^ars ago from 
jctery of the English College at 
which I transmit for insertion, 
^ou deem it worth preserving. 

ors, &c. Caradoc. 

1. D. O. M. 

gero Bainesio, nobili Anglo, qui, 
XLVi. Qatus, patriam regnante cum 
i» Heresi deserens Romam ventt, 
nrte 111. Card. Alanlcui a secretls 
rivatara vitam Deo, sibi, et communi 
jae Patriae bono agens, cum xliv. in 
lesset annos, obdormivit in Domino 
Octobris, anno salutis mdcxxiii. 
ise Lxxvii. menses vi. Ex testa- 
entum monttum loca in pios usus 
prout ex actis d. Michaelis Angeli 
irij constat. 

2. D. O. M. 

iriseKibll, Anglae, depositum: obijt 
18 April, anno mdxlviii. 

3. D. O. M. 

rdo Haddoco, Anglo, Theologiae 
qui, £Iisabetha Anglise Regkia 
08 persequentC) multorum annorum 
pietatis causa sustinult, fratrem 
) martlrlo coronatum vidit, ac de- 
mise sancte pieque obijt xiii. Julij^ 
ai MDCV. Curatores posuerunt. 

Epitaphium D. T. Colmani. 

ttie Britan*c precor neubonia credas, 
ridias civis tam procul ossa tui — 
X nieliorq. mei pars reddita Celo est, 
mortale fuit maxima Roma tenet. 
D. xxxi Januarii m.dxxvji. 

6. D. O. M. 

m Pordage, Armigero, Anglo Can- 
i^ obijt xvi. Feb. anno mdcix. le- 

r. Mao. Afarc A, 1833. 

'^" "•• €, f}.*'^r*m •-■«-^ 

de Worontitr, qui *&tm"pk'4M4kiMt'iti 
B'torum Pe. et Pault Um*a# d'oicum S^bl- 
crum visums sttigisaet anno etatb sue l. de- 
oessit. R. P. SU. £p's Wi^gsBi«i' «pQd 
Leo X. pon. u. Sern iUfit Angli»-Mi^ vfei 
religio fri posuift xuiL Av^guiti* MMCvni, 

7. D. O. M. 

Chdielno GretaopOy Pnabikmo Aogloy^Be- 
trina singuiari, vita flaoribneq. luitg&iiUmu, 
octo aontt ob fidem Catli«lkam pmi«w- 
lanti, Thomas Kirtonus, Anglut, ■mafWittn 
posuit. Vixit annis xxxuil diebus xxi. obijt 
viii. kaL Marty, mdlxix« 

8. Religioao ThomsB MartoB» Gup* 
p'^'icti prorif . 

9. D. O. M. 

Catharinse Weston, Coinifeii Portlaiun«» 
magm Angiise Theaamani} fifia, ringidari 
pietate, int^pritate, modest praditse, qiua 
fidei CathdioK causa Andiam dcterHiSy emn 
viro et fiunilia, tandem funnaa veinly post 
varias triennio jdacidisainiaa toSiuatm 
ssrumnas rdictit octo fiberb ad melkmoi 
vitam, obijt vi. Kal. Nov. anni Mocxtv. 
astatis snse xxziix. lUebardns Whitti -A 
Albiorumi^Essexien', antiqua Stirpe, oon- 
jugi amai^tiM. posuit. 

10. Hie jacet R. Pater Gulielm. Sbir- 
wod, decaous de Aland Duneh&ensii ifio- 
cesis, qui obijt it. Octobrie, an. Mccccsccrti. 

11. Depositum Joannis Gam medici' 
nar. interpretis, qui xxix. Augusti, MDVII. 
mortuus, cum X*to vivat. Amen. 

12. D^nus Nicolaus Saxton, TheoWise 
Bacularius Eboracen* anno mcccclii. liii. 

13. Deo. O. M. 
Georglo White, nobili Anglo, opt. spei 
adolescent!. Stephan' frater cariss. pomm- 
dum curavit. Obijt Idlb. Junij mclv. 

14. D. O. M. 

Thomse Kyrtono, Anglo, hujus Xeno- 
docbii cappello, vlro in fide orthodoxa con- 
stant!, vitae et morum integritate conspicuo, 
solertia et studio gratificandi parato, patriss 
haeredes detestans Romae properavit, ubi 
post novennium febri occidta correptus na- 
turae cessit, annum agens zl. Obijt viii. Id. 
Aprilis MDLXXi. 

Hunc locum vivens sibi delegit, cujus vo- 
luntati amici curatores ex t^t. satb fece- 
runt Nicolaus Mortonus, Gul. Gibletns, 
Robertus Salcamus. 

15. Hie jacet frater Gulem* Bacchiller, 
AngllcuS) prior domus Charmelitarum Lon- 
dini, vir sin^larls probitatis, et modestiae, 
qui obijt in hoc hospi'l die xxx. mensis July, 
A D. MDXV. cujus animae propicietur Deut. 

1 6, la hoc tttBndo oarpus n'lii.vnn m'f '' 


UMltMeof Mfrmur^i writen. MMa 

aay be asked, what should gJT« Iq^ 

^fawice U autbon and booki of all, '. 

•njtf Superior erudition ; in- and 

lUlpinore indastiy aud. labour; popumr ucionon. , „ 

IT UKritemenlB to energetic txf To bring forwnd the wii&^'af 

luBod uumerouB other circum- former time* in Iti own nt>bcqd^|g 

i/man propiiioua to the deve- garb and coitnme, woidd nbtaBMnr 

IM of the faigheipowcHoftbe thii purnote. , 

Stricily original writen am nnly 

■d af traabling ouTMha with lo be fimud at anj tinM, in m\jf.( iliU 

Mf biographict of petti/ mtn, Irj. Common authon mutl be ,lnp- 

we not beUer employ ounelf ea rowen : bnt for the reMons now gmn 

siilj and lagaciuusly examining they choote to be borrowcn in dU> 

uacters, optnioni, and senti- goite. Hie; do aa the eoonirj ■o^' 

of the great Lamioariei, who Ueman did with Vandjk^a portram: 

' ■ ' "' ' ' t oTChwIa 
, . -- -irdTCwed^ 

Lilenry Histoiy of Italy it a modem draber. So tbey poultat 

I )rf very few in England: and tbememing of the moM * 

■nd Very •nperScially. Roico^t gnage ; fit it to tlie mninmnij mtr 

aAi on the MKDtcia have done aton* and prtgndicet) and than ^^ 

ling: bat they want nidnality, oome exalted into deter aoAan of ^ 

roe of reSection, as welfa* aim- polarftmcl Then hi the ~ "~ 

.tnd frofaDCsB of style And of the periodical 

B little stimuhu, which llm the *ileit itnff in die moat pert or 

■ thia line of alodice, i« already moM inSalcd Inxnage,— «IiBaM -d- 
'. ways rithcr mcM danMingtr trit^Or 

continue to blunder and write moat ontrageouily (uae and abtiiiif. 

upon subjects of morals, poll- While the subjects themselvea, even 

no criticism which have been if well treated, are seldom such at 

' settled for hundreds of years, have mnch interest, 
n Critics wish to arrogate to Nothing can be mrve certain, dian 

]vC9 the credit of having dis- that, if knowledge is now more dif- 

I the true priitcipks of Poetry, fosed than formerly, what it has gain* 

'.vhatever they differ from their ed in diflusiou, it has more than lost 

nsora, they only differ lo go in accuracy, as well as in profundity. 
And the jnisforlune is, that But why then is it called Knew- 

■ hate read but little, that taste, ledge f The word is proa ti luted when 
can only be formed by a wide it ia thus applied. Proper knowledge 
mce, fixes itself upon false beau- mint be at least exact, if not deep :— 
There have been heaven-born otherwise it is not knowledge: — itia 
es. Shakspeare was one : but a fraudulent and foul substitute 1 A 
h( Shakspeare's getiius let no thousand limes better it humble con- 
are to think that he can sue- tented and obedient ignorance*, 
•ithout learning '. Memory without judgment ia hot 
at is written for mere plausibi- a dangerous faculty : and blundering 
id 10 till up a cerlDJn number of twilight conception is worse still : 

with a more accurate memory but when these are put into action 
ound concention, is not only by rash conceit, tlieir audacity is re- 
but deceiliul and misleading, volting; and their mischievoosnets is 
nimes time, throws dnst In the insufferable ! 

judgment, and incumbers the There is an intellectual indnstrf, 

■L which tnay do useful thin^ in Lite- 

eema strange that such things ratore witn moderate native talent. 

be more sought than the so- ■'■ ■■■■■■■■- 

] of the mind We must look ■ S« Biihop of Loodon't Ct>^, GmOt 

canse in the adaptation to vul- Mig. Sept. I BM, p. 34S. ' ^^ 

M i JHirittMtotlMm^'f&niMA^ i^O M^ 

iHiinaHpHa wq nents carfyiiij^ orf- 
^jiitimm bod the judghdeot nof 
icmpecti^le^ ^endenwu, uader 
■em of ait Act of Parliament 
^i 1920. The detail of the 
bdrricd on, and the natare and 
ii&t>f>this- improvement, I shall 
te, but content myself with say- 
mtrin the first year four hun- 
id finty acres of bad low land, 
fegy^ moor-land, were covered in 
|}art with warp, or fine mud, 
d€f^ of three feet at the least 
nfOn can huve an adequate no- 
l^ie improvement unless he had 
L.'The cause of my troubling 
d» this letter, is my wish to re- 
kithe real appearance of the soil 
i bog when they were cut through 
ling the necessary works. 
ntting the main drain, the an- 
orfoee of the country appeared 
l|iiid> and on it had grown a 
quantity of trees, chiefly oaks 
n^ of which many large roots 
led fixed in the ground, and 
i evident marks of having been 
fed by fire. Many long pieces of 
;%-wkh their tops lying toward 
lolh«^east, were found u))on this 
•vhich is only two feet higher 
be present low water mark. The 
ttides now flow, as marked upon 
jice, seventeen, «ind sometimes 
ighteen feet. Immediately upon 
md is found an oozing, soft, 
matter, which runs off* when it 
through and has vent. Upon 
{ a growth of peat, varying in 
; from three to ten feet, and of 
he bog of the moor consists. 
the top of this peat, in many 
hips, a soil has been formed, 
1 of good earth, probably caused 
; overflowing of the tide river, 
ft upon it a deposit of mud or 
Sf diverse thicknesses. At what 
the woods have been destroyed 
nly now be a matter of guess, 
M in a very remote time, before 
fvasion of the Romans, because 
•man remains or antiquities have 
bund in Marshland. This peat 
•s to be a mass of black earth, 
ogether by vegetable fibres. The 
may be bituminous, or the fi- 
may be the only combustible 
kna the whole mass may have 
formed in antient times by the 
Qfwhig of the rivers Idle, Torne, 
kto, ahd their obstruction from 
)l »and decay of the trees. The 
Air and Ousc frequently broke 

wdter npun^Mie l^m^f^f-^Mat^rfink 
ttvv Janrge * ri»err ' «re^ > itf ^Itibllr «Ml^ 
fined as thgf mm< wm)'\vHi'}lmHMkP 
that the bed of -'theiu'^ai IgttdMDIf 
rising; bot^nce their banktlltt^i Mmt 
considerably raised, and nnce the= thm 
ters frOm the adjaeetlt Iffndt liafV^lMMi 
broucht by draiiiage qoieldy ^nAfirAlMi/ 
the force of the curn^t i^ i^tmgtii 
the obstructions in them ale- WtiHi 
easily remored^ and I ahooM MhiBlIt 
that the bed must be moit Uf$isasit 
out, and consequently lower. TtRMf 
are in the highest parts 'tfflheiW biifers' 
three or four collections of wat(!i^; HliMf 
extending more than an IRare)MNliiM 
by the country ** Wdh.''" ''T!l«b 
must proceed from spriims, 'fbir^iM 
water is dear and drinkame/^lMsWdi 
if it oosied throagh the dQomlx^'tliM 
it wouM have been deep-co tonifq llftl 
unpalatable. Some pike aM ^da wB 
in them. An old RbX^HV M"^^- 


On the mutability nf N^H^ntd 
in Arts and in l^fciene^i^ 
prot^eness to deterioraf^.. 
certain circumstfln^A$iM •2(#nr|i«4^ 
characterize the hunufs inft^ifici^jf.^,^^ 

(Continued from pi 1 IB^) 'i»f ff 

THE world in our day contains 
perhaps as laige a proportion* of 
inhabitants, which may be termed ci- 
vilized, as in any aera of antiquity, and 
yet the aggregate of those who, m any 
degree, are distinguished by refinement 
and intellect, dwindle to insignificance 
before the millions who still exist 
strangers to these arts. 

From the earliest records which we 
have concerning the primitive state of 
our globe, we find that but few com^ 
paratively of the nations could be term- 
ed civilized, so far as arts and intellec- 
tual cultivation were concerned, ntlli! 
Roman conquests, Roman manners; 
and with them, in a certain degree, 
Roman Literature and Science, ^iJiFcte 
extended over some of the most popu- 
lous and fertile tracks of Europe, Asia, 
and Africa. And upon glancing over 
the present state of the nations of our 
globe, the balance will scarcely seeOi 
to incline in favour of intellectual cul- 
ture and refinement. 

Speculatists, however, may differ' as 
to the propriety of classing ondeif fhe 
head ot barbarous the tWo most po|id<i> 
lous and most ancient ^inpireS oP'hll 
Asia, — China and Hindostan, -— and 


^ia^|(L(al4miify of 4hfi. C^ pfJ9g^(^^ i4m^ ,.., . .. . 

^<:^HwSile ijbeir rauit and Jivu bal, ciMubiUf^ ifrs;. WV. I9M t 

^i^.jiel(]an9» if ever, arrcat Hm «v»c joMdifcoi^^li^^ailg ^^ _ 

^w^ the proud architeouial i^Ci.&qiihy. ..X%im» tf|^» mmmi Wj 

|i^(of the taste and skill of tbeur repeatedly oeen ^le auLbject ffjo^iikmi 

^a^ reniark^ jthat .iiatioii|.ev€;rxis^aad4fHr 
in JVpme particolara, the Chinese, cline in their intellectual capacities. ^J^ i 
j^V^VscU^l people, rank abora horde of warlike adrentnrerv 4^ an^ 
QjQi^jqos, in others they Ml very jugattng theic ne^faboiin*..ipraifli^thi, 
1^ them, and can hardly, per- emem fnxa barbarism . to jitdlirjuifc* 
Jms said, either in the civilized splendour, whik their pcdMfa«db|K4weij: 
[VUfe, Of the greater energies of of another latitude, meantime |«qfd0» 
i to be on a standard of eauality. from public notice, ei»:hapaii ipvemrr 
^berefore, these vast ana popu- tion lor incapad^, and aimL inr'teirv 
mpires be admitted to rise to the getfuluess. ■,:-.:? 
ud of a civilized, they have no Authorities have decided tbat^lfsftf 
kuons to the rank of an intellec- are not to look for the soluticm of tMlie 
naiiighly-cultivated people. But changes to the operation of. phg^«e(||( 
hey have existed in a state, in- causes,— «8 they are ever unifon^ M^tt/ 
^lauy considered, of equal civi* immutable; — and it is undeniable dl#|, 
m with their present through a they are so under the same latUudeM^ 
ve|a€3 of ages, has never been con« although that 'does not by aoy.aeuHWai 
led,— although the traveller will hinder the intervention of pbp^l; 
L find on their soil, — a soil ferti- causes from having a certaia j»^flif^iiypff 
jbyas mild and genial a climate in accelerating or retarding- 4hei.dii^f 
(j under heaven, — ^the remains of plays of intellect in their vasioiM»4em 
IJ^s,. porticoes, and colossal tem- grees and relations. ,i.*^ 
fir any thing which can much But moral causes have,-. with. 4^ 
jii» ideas of the past grandeur of majority of speculators, i^eiiefall^^^l^. 
incestors, with the exception per- tained the preference, as the efficiienjbi^ 
}jr,|he wdl of China. through whose instrumentality >the|o; 
^ lJr,.opon the assumption of this signal changes in the chacaetwr- m4i 
iu»U, the great majority of man- circumstances of a people are wrong^ity-. 
nave, from historical record, been, — and it is these signal changes, pro- 
as vigour of intellect and the ac- duced through moral agency, which 
lishments of taste are concerned, forms a source of interest and curiosity 
tate of barbarism rather than re- in the intelligent lucubrator. 
ent, the vicissitudes and signal If, 1 resumed, leaving the Easterft 

gradations which have marked extremity of Asia, we fix imagination 

eriods of those which have been on the Western, and consider the 

ated in these respects, have fur- countries which are now comprized in 

1 ample topics to the historian Asiatic Turkey, sensations ot a diffe* 

le moral philosopher. Il^nt and a more teeming moral cha- 

diverse and distant countries we racter strike the mind. " It is/* says 

apon reviewing their antiquities an intelligent writer, ''on the banks 

. with a reference to the progress of the Euphrates and Tigris that the 

1 has at various periods distin- eye of the Traveller wanders in search 

ed their inhabitants in civiliza- of the mishtiest monuments of an- 

it will be sometimes remarked cient srandeur. It is there that we 

bJs standard has attained its high- must nnd all that remains of Nineveh 

^ee of elegance in widely dif- and of Babylon, those first ciapitals of 

. seras of their history. Examples the world. Desolation covers alike 

not been wanting, of tribes and them and the once magnificent coun* 

rs, quickly after having been form- try in which they were situated. 

x> a distinct nation, rising to in- The humble tent of the Arab now 

tual notice and to genius. We see occupies the spot formerly adorned by 

1 whose temperament, or whose the palaces of Kings, and his flock» 

sitions are slower and more phleg- procure a scanty pittance of food amid 

, or whose climate presents a the fallen fragments of ancient mag- 

ungenial and inauspicious at- niBcence. The banks of the Euphrat^ 

hi^^9 affording, after many sue- and Tigris, once so. prolific, are now; 

;e fpenerations,. but few signs of for the most part covered with impe- 

J Ur.Waki^hCi ChitTucter 

liiliMiaignalhr H^tfint in iti de- 
■JRit^ m» th« tide of tMtional 
Mi4^pra«ieritr- UeHimviibe 
q' «f onMudBg what can pleave, 
^WHlinBtnict, io injof lU rao- 
iMD*(«* it niited in the Gtrakt 
'Baida, and ai it now exisu 
tbe yok* of the Oitanum, when 
tad imolence on the one hand, 
gocl and grovelling lubmiuion 
other, are, in Athens, the cha- 

•lic fealurea. He compares the „„,„ „,™ „,, vumnn, ufwmt t Mr 

iUy which perradei the immortal liav«, ■ "rhnni ■■riitfnl n Mialimi Jikw 

• of colurone, poilico«s, and long, 1 laio* mttt ud tntweM 17U m^ 

1 in their varied proportions, 1733 miohoaaiMiiiariif lh«IiWf|q]^^ 

pecimens of the present day, — ■« Kinnton-upoi-ThainM. B/t epoltio^ 

w Jirealhing transcendant ge- here tiff the jek 1771. wiiK ligiiiXsaFCTM* 

ltd exquisite ptoportian,— the "i^ ■** eq™I '•put?'™- Aemi&aj£ 

Wng only iurtaiT high as the '"^wLI^ noM.t, »d «yt(> ftt© 

iM^WtBeexigencTesoflife "X^'T^^L^^Vir '"'^a?' 

iMn Enrape,'* nys M. deCha- 

•ad, "was toused fniiD baiba- ^t. Wakefield hers oiiuBaRkM 

■ar-fint thooght was directed to amoogit Mr. Wooddaon*! diMsnam^ 

),— what is become of Athenii *>^ tcholan, the foljowing well-jmi^ 

■e oDiversa] crj, and when it writert. Mr. I^oribond, a writer in 

■own that her ruins still exuted, ^ "World," and Editor of a mall 

med and the ingenious flocked Voliune oT " Poems." Mr.StBcniu, 

.M if they had discoTered the Editor of " Shaktpeare." Mr. E«M«, 

«sof a parent. "—In every ara Author of "Sketches of Natun," he. 

bal of their splendour, except Gibbon, the Histtman. Hayle^ tb» 

entories in which darkness, in ^^^ ^^- MaMres, Conitor Baron 

wiest moral shades, reigned over "*" *^^ Exchequer, of scientific fame, 

esiern world, she, as this fine *^ fiwt Cambridge Medallist^ and 

iwiog writer remarks, concen- 'J*'- '^=*'- Hardinge, a Welsh Judge, 

M attentions of the most illus- "'^ ""'y P"pil who exerted' himself, 

men, while Sparta remained ""'■^ success at least, in procuring 

ed, a signal lesson of the supe- preferment for his Master, which was 

of that renown which is de- a Uving in Kent or Essex, 

■om arU and from intellect over " lofitmitiei cro-dW *iok upon oM 

re reputation ofmihtary lalour. ^e, of iuelf •dL»«H, Mr. WooddMon r^ 

once rival sisters, however, are linqniihed bis tchoo] id the yeai 1779, ra- 

ike desolated by the iron ty- moved to Cbelees, lud ciied in 1774, 01 

irf* a race of insensate barba- tbe Utter end of 1773. His ion, uidonlj 

nbo have neither the heart to surging child fhia daughter iti^ in the 

ar. the humanity to spare, the fT™* ^ B"""'-^ "" Vinerlsn Fra&uDt iq 

^nts of skill which they cannot !« UmTcr.ity of Oxford, ui office nhieh 

' DS hu Since re&igned sfter the nnMir*cmn 

,"r„ f,. —-(jJ!,.^ 1 of bis l«!(ore>. ~He is s rentlemu of mr^ 

(-/■<. be CoHUnUtd.) r«,pect«bie .bilitie., -ho** «mpnfi» ^ 

^ veU-Lnowa nuutim of the Post : 

tJBBAM, AfarcA 6. '^"^ creuitur fbrtibos,' &c 

.S much gratified byseeingjus- Wbeo I w«pre..iH, .few,.«™^« tl^ 

sdone inW las. ibituafy, p. '^' f ^^ «™* ^'■^'^Sl' "™7. 

Ibe memory of Dr. Woodd/son. P'. •'"'T."' " T'T'*'^, *^rKr?> 

««inge«^c.sfromMr.Wake. LtCt^^r.^'^'::^ ^IT^^. 

^fc, respecting the Rev Rich- On hewing him mention hi. Colleg., il 

■oddeaon and his bon, tbe late ot^urred to me, (hit he mint hev. l^'a 

n Professor, will be read wUh enoUmponrj itHh my dd Msiter ■* tli* 

fay ymr leaders : Luvenitj, and I acMrdiBg^ wkri Uii 
.Miti. March, leie. if 

Thomion the Poet, — Female Chrittian Noma. 


QStroi!^ and ^d not chuae M> 
^by other physicUn. 
nbnid nothing of the Gentle- 
Jiit penbn or address. But he 
M nds for the deficiency by 
«p sense, spirited expressions^ 
M&er of speaking not unlike 
ad Quin. He did not (alk a 
ai^ but after a pause of refiec- 
i^ced something or other that 
P^ for his delay, 
e^ Seasons would make a (ine 
n Latin. Its turgid phrases 
»e their stiffness, and its vul- 
ms' acquire a proper majesty. 
riety and description shine the 

W. S/* 

jbllowing inscription is on ano- 
if, and is probably the first 
>f the inscription, which Mr. 
an afterwards placed on a seat 
d to the Poet in Virgil's Grove 
Leasowes, a place in which 
n delighted to contemplate. 

Celebenirao Poetae, 

Jacobo Thomson, 

qui, cum quicquid 

ubique ruris est, aut 

woMBnum aut varium 

mir^ depinxerit, hosce 

etSiam fontes non fastidlvit. 

I, &c. A. n. 

Jrban, Oxford, Feb. 7. 

S much pleased with the de- 
tions of Christian Names given 
M in your Magazine for Jan. 
md only regret the shortness of 
ilogue. In vain has many a 
isel cast her eye down the page 
ixious expectation, in hopes of 
TOg the meaninf; of the word 
was probably the first with 
she became acquainted. You 
much gallantry, Mr. Urban, 
t any thing that may satisfy the 
y, and perhaps add to the hap- 
>f the fair ; I shall therefore at- 
o fill up some of the deficiencies 
other Correspondent*. 
ha, from aya9»f, means good. 



Beatrice^, from' the LsHb or IMiaa^ 
a beiftower of blesiings. - ' ** . 

Eupkpma, from the Greek, fitirl^ 
speech; and Frances, free. — So for wii 
have ^ne on well, the names arc M 
auspicious omen, and happy they t^. 
whom they appl^. Must I prcice^ 
further ? • Amelia is a sweet name, .a 
pretty name.^ — ^Yes, and moreover^ U 
admirably befits the sex to which .it. 
belongs, dfjaXuat, thoughttessncss. -«-< 
What must we say of Ursula f Vixens 
and termagants have long been oat of 
fashion; then, Ursula, I am afraid we 
cannot patronize thee, for if we be^ 
lieve what the vile Latin tells^ as, Ur- 
sula is a she bear. And it grieves, ||ie 
to say that the sofl, . the innociint^ 
sounding Cicely is derived from cosotf, 
blind, or cttcika, a blind-worm. .!»- »v 

Butvlet us tarn oar thoughts aimr 
from tfiese heathen etymologiety awl 
consider what good and proper Oirqiri 
tian names our forefathers have cuUed.; 
for us in the ample field of ottrp|iva. 
language-^C%ari/y, Constance, EsLtjtj^ 
Grace, Patience^ Prudence, Silence,. 
Temperance, Who does not r^et tl||jj^ 
these have given way to the Tfinta^ 
names of the heroines of noivels anj^ 
romances ? Some of them indeed are 
not entirely discarded, but so mutilated 
and dislocated as not to be recogniKed 
without difficulty; Grace is drawled 
out into Gratiana, and Rose fritted 
away into Rosabella, And the worst 
of it is, the affectation of these scsqni- 
pedalia verba, is not confined to the 
circles of the rich and the fashionable. 
The fire-side of the farmer echoes to 
the sound of Mary-Hariot and Louisa, 
Our Workhouses and Manufactorifs 
are filled with Selinas, Adelaides, and 
Virginias. If you go into the country 
you hear the greasy scullion cry to the 
Parish 'prentice, ** Honoria, feed the 
pigs." If you walk through the town 
ou hear a filthy hag exclaiming to 
er child, ** Evelina, come out of the 
gutter." P. C. 


m sorry to dispute the authority of Nepos, but I believe in the derivation "«f 
he is not historically correct. It is not the colour which gires name to' tlite 
t the lady to the colour. Queen Isabella made a vow (but on what occasiMi 
t remember) to wear her flannel petticoat night and day for a twelvemonth: 
n.she discarded this votive relick, it was of the bright hay here nientione|4 by . 
s/hich soon came into fashion under the name of Isabella-colour. Qua»Ttr Mity 
tr hs derived from Xcvx^, white, and mean the same as Blanch ? 



MntuAr of ih$ laU Br. H$Uimu 

UrtWrntn of the first •mmnet in 
) applied for the tpDoitttmelit \ aiid» 
j^ number. Dr. Hutlon preiented 
riir'li'canfiaate. The office ww in 
|dP t&e Muter-Oenenl of the Ord- 
"bbjl l3ie greatest mterest wis made 
tm isoblemen and gentlemen for their 
iirt ftiendi ; hot, to the honour of 
lap Master-General, Lord Viscount 
famdy nothing but superior qualifica- 
mn aDowed to avail. His Lordsh^ 
nblic notice, that merit alone should 
die pr e fer en ce, which must be deter- 
hj a strict and impartial examina- 
With this view, four eminent ma- 
i^^ans were selected, as examiners on 
abiiioo, viz. Dr. Horslej, afterwards 
> of Rodiester, Dr. Maskelyne, the 
ipHwr Royal, Colonel Watson, the 
ffi^iwBi to Uie East India Company, 
i <alebgated Mr. Landen. 
Sfaji^ could be more strictly impartial 
kjb'aamination. The candidates were 
id munber, and each was separately 
in, bot only in the principles, but in 
irtorr of mathematics. Several ah- 

problems were afterwards given for 
ins and, when the answers were re- 
, tbe report of the examiners express- 
^ approbation of all the candidates, 
Kve a decided preference in fevour of 
nfeton. This was, indeed, an unequi- 
Utit of superior merit. The judicious 
lination of the Master-General, by 
ring the appointment on Dr. H. was 
short time found to be most advan- 
18 to the Institution. It is, indeed, 
known, that Dr. Hutton raised the 

Military Academy, from a state of 
irative inferiority, to the highest de- 
of celebrity, and national importance. 
ts steady and persevering conduct, for 
-five years, and his improvements in 
ry science, his country is essentially 
'<ed, for the success of the British ar- 
r and engineers, in all parts of the 
, during the last half century. 
. H.'s removal from Newcastle to so dis- 
iithed a situation near the Metropolis, 
lis election, soon after, as a Fello^Y of 
loyal Society, gave him new opportu- 
, for the advancement and diffiuion of 
aost useful knowledge; for, it should 
^rved, that, at all times, his attention 
lartieularly directed to those branches 
1^ mathematics, which are most con- 
s to the practical purposes of life. In 
|rt time, he became an important con- 
it^ to the Philosophical Transactions, 
iV from the specimens he gave, it is 
mt be would have enriched, more than 
k£br member, either ancient or mo- 
1b£Brn<M^ a stop been unhappily put to 
^*''^''* rjiiiboura, by dissensions m the 
ii% y(lA^nMt\j gave a death- 
^'ajhii ^^CceRpkt^ Institution. 

1% «•!• niyMCinwjf bfra to dtliil tli» 
vAjecW of ilvi mmu psfwrs, wIM I>r^ 
Hnttoa, in a few jem, ffl^tetid. tt| fhp 
Royal Sodety, espMiilly aTtiiiy ^9^^ 
seen in the Philosophkia TtumeMm/f 
that period : but two peptrs U i am vM yiA 
cuUr notice, aa the moat iisefel uM ^ u ^^fit^ ' 
ant thaty perhiqps, had bean wmmmitfig^ 
since the chair of that leavned InttifVlSijpi 
was filed by Sir Isaac Newton. 

The%nt of these comflpiUiqatMiiSt «pi CHS 
the «<Fofee of fired Gimpowder, andtlte 
initial Velocities of Qnmoii-bana.** TMt 
results had been detennined, hj a §mim.p( 
experiments, made with a new instnmml ^ 
the Doetor'a own inventioB ; and* to taaai- 
Ue waf the Rojral Socia^ of tlie iftHm^i 

th» nManwaMakU^mklMtt . that tho aUIHll MuLk 

K' le-madal was imoM&tdy voted aa Aw. !• 
. H. and It was aeooffffiiMly MMBteilft 
him, by tba Pl«aiden^ Sir JobiM^ji 
in adcbeas exp ff es s ed b tba woat 4f^fcl!pp|f 

A proof of tba high astiiMttioft V ||i* 
paper, even abroad, has been n9tm$9^\imj^ 
lis W In the life of the oeMmied Li^^mm 
by the Chevalier Pebmbra, who ftimt 
that at the most riolent period of did 
French Revolotiony all fankptn #iM 
peremptorily ordered to quit Fraao^ pgwl 
jLagrange, a native of Italy, 4aa of oomim 
indudedi but his colleagues of the fasti* 
tute, presented a memmal to tht Cii»* 
ventiony scdiciting pemiiskm for hu» to 
remain at Paris, as M waa then eng»fe4hi 
experiments of the greatest importance to 
the country, namely, upon ** Dr. Hutton's 
Reports on the Force of fired Gunpowder.*' 
On this plea, an exception was decreed in 
Lagrange s fevour. He was therefore per- 
mitted to continue his researches, though 
it does not appear, that he made any re- 
port on the subject ; from which it may be 
inferred, that he found no ground either for 
improvement, or animadversion. 

The other paper alluded to, among Dr. 
Hutton's communications, was on the 
subject of the ** Mean Density of the 
Earth," a laborious work, deduced from ex* 
perimeuts, and surveys of tiie mountain of 
Schehallien, in Perthshire. This opera- 
tion, which had always been considertd a 
desideratum in the scientific world* was 
commenced in 1775, by order of the f^oj$} 
Society, and chiefly under the directi<9n of 
Dr. Maskelyne, the Astronomer Royal,. vAf- 
ter the dimensions of the mountain, h*d 
been taken, and the deflections of the plu^pb- 
line ascertained with great accuiiby»^^aad 
verified by repeated experiments, th^ W^^ 
difficult and important part of the mis- 
taking yet remained to be ex^utsd, i^aoply, 
the odcttlations and the deductifms, .wpii^ 
required profound, science, as wjill . ^ im- 
mense Uhonr... The attVAtSon of the Koyal 
Society, was at oiyM iaio^Jip.Pt.»iV^ m 

".'"' thf 

BSf een^Hiiti wnkn co«£n«4 , 
fnafijntm; tbf lUIoiiiag 
^^ofwd .)^. jnthtioB^ . doliM. 
nl Mffdi, homwi, >diri>ed him 
IstHD ^ kbiran ef (Im Aodemj, 
y ,it Da^t be deemed convsnient ; 
_ii)ii»njii«iini of *ii ifiplicuioa to 
M, tu MuUi'genera] ud Boud 
pu^ •cceded Co hii aliliea, and ma- 
Vffax uprobMion of bit lOog uid 

S^mcfi, bj gTMatiog liLm » pen- 
.ofSOOtjeT-iDini™. ThiiiD- 
ffthei ■ilh ft oanatdenUe propenj 
e Imd renliMd, cfaiefly bj hii pabli- 
cmUeil bim to retire in reiy if- 

'.^.oSciatedfor lomstimai ereij 
b wila liii bcaltb aould permit, u 
^Ij , : . >„ lU. n 1 Mil;. 


^ when til 

iDramotiiig tlie intereit of ic 

eodlu tbem tc 

I|ar telaste might prove moat bene- wilu uuna oi ui. timtoB. , -. 

'' ' ' 'o tbeir couitry. "At a Ltdarrr, hii juumar aw dOUbb 

1 well M to Ml me ud penplcaoiu, hii U]iuu«tiaai ItVEK' ~ 

UMii, our moat emineac tdentific in- ud connnciiu;, and bie eipeiimenti VM^ . 

M, hwe been chiefij indebted tor performed mtn netfneM MU lueoeMi , .,„.,.,,. 
abeeon of MkthemMict, daring the " Ai ax Amhor, Dr. Buitim lua.Mfi( ,' 

tj jears. been the moat popular of Engliih matlLt- 

■1 coniluitly visited at bis reEJdence matic&l writeri ; and tbere are obvioui rsa-, 

brd-Tow, bv an exleoEive circle of bods for thii popukriCj j nhich promiwa to 

. Lb cheernilneaa utd urbeniu were be aa permanent u it ii exteniive. Hit 

Ij the Mme : and, during the last grand objects, are utility in the topia of ia- 

moDths of his life, he wa» ofbea vestigatioo, jimptitnl^ in tbe mode of thqii, 

1 declare, that ititae one of tbeliaji- attainment or advancement. He hu a cou- 

»n he bad ever experienced. Hii stitutional, and, I believe, a coiucientioiuu 

u cauMd bf a cold, which brought Hveraion trom the pedantry and parade . la 

■tnm of hii pulnioou]' complaint, science. He love) science, and he promote!, 

eas was neither tedious nor pain^l : it for its own salie, and that of Its tendea- 

valuable life terminated early on cics. He never, by affecting to be abttmaci 

ling, the 27th of Jan. 18S3, becomes obscure; nor ' ' "" 

eighty-si^th year of his age. His into cUgreasJons, for the puniose of »hev- 
were interred in the family vault at ioghowmuch he knows of other tbitu;a,ha-i 
1 Kent ; and hi* funeral was sides those that are immeiiiateljr uit£r di|^ 

ipeot^lj, and numetouslj attended. cuesion. Hence, be ii at once concW •^A 

mt be gratifying to the friends of perspicuouij andlhoughhe evideiitlj '"" 

ttOD to know, that he retained hii rather to be usefid than to obtain c« 

I unimpaired almost to the test ; and he baa procured fijr himielf )| np^Ufi 

diMolutlon was apparently without such as hundreds, who have writton fiii'. n~ 

t !■ tikewlw vortby of reiqirk, that) pulation alone, will never attain. , ,., 

«• dijs previous to his death, he "The valuable peculiarities of, Dr. ^il^ 

i certain ic^entiSc questions from ton, si a teacher, proffsior,aadwTiter^eiwi{^ 

poratiOD of London, which he an- nate fr»m iateilectiial and mar*l ch»Kya^, 

immediately in the most masterly ristics, which I cannot attempt to d^ioeate 

. These questions related to lbs fully. Suffice it to lay, that he ia lenufk- 

iarcbea of the nev London-bridge i able for his unaisiimiiig depnrtmeot, fin iha , 

li^ar, on the subject, is considered ■Implicilj of his habits, the r"'l^"T' aa^ 

r at a nimble doourneot, but also eqisbilitj of his temper, and the peUDHwwjT 

■l^fnetuig, aa being the last pro- and warmth of his pwwaal aHafliin«nt«- He 

:!:;^R««l^iEW OP NEW PUBLICAi1iptM"^!:'^f 

rwt ^ 

r»i , 

fitegnipM'ca/ and Historieal Sketches divides these towns, across which is 

kif Boroughs qf East and West Looe, an old bridge of 14 arches : ahdiii^l^- 

fte County of Girnwsll ; with an Ac- ing from the following descrifKipj^f^ 

tt ^ the Natural and Artificial Civ- their appearance iQust oe n^c^awjyfity 

Hes and Picturesque Scenery qf the picturesque • 

^YIJiii^lTiT^nn®^"'** ''^' *'Th« l^yi rt the foot Of Which W 

MB. J. Nichols and Son. Lo^ ^^^ .^ p^^^p^ ^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

IE modest pretensions, and un- feet in height, ud &lb bMk m » alm^ 

unbitious style of this volume, and is occupied with gardens and onhtS, 

I shelter it from the severity of which are formed like thoee on the Boao- 

sm, even if it were not secure talus of Palestine, by different plstfiNmi 

it by its own merits. The local raised one above the other, and MpptMed 

S of the work, we confess, pre- by stone walls. These orehards and «MdHM 

I our being very sanguine of de- ^^« \ ^^ 5**ct in Spring and fhmmm 

-touch entertainment from its P*"^^.i"** " *^* •PP«e-Wot««^ 

il; but we were agreeably sur- ^fw^Vi '-^ u * -* J..!":' 

^on finding that I^r.Boifd had ^1:!,^^::^^^:,%^^ 

Nnuch useful, to no small por- .it„ated) on the quays i 

- . . ^ . .ituated) on the quays and aidM oC-tlM 

ramusine information. hilk of the ascending valley Uk whioh 4it 

5 boroughs of East and West principal part of the town lies; and lat 

are two small towns on the nothing remarkable to notice, exeepfe its 

era coast of Cornwall, about 16 Guildluill*, whidi, tradition says, was for- 

fipom Plymouth ; and although merly a Chi^ of Ease or place oi Wonhlp, 

ig- their principal importance dedicated to St. Nichoks, the patnm'-af 

lendiag two members to Parlia- «n«riner« or fishermen. It has a taint 

rnt well entitled to notice from ^"^ a beD apd dock in H, but msteai if 

wiantic and peculiar beauty of ^^/"^^ bemg If fir ihe somid te earn 

lituation. East Looe was incor- ^^^^^^ ^^,,T ,f '*f^ «^. "^^ «^^ !«*- 
J • xu «^^i J \xT X r daws, so that the dock w qf very lutle 

\'^u^^fu^\ ""f ^u'\ ^"^^ ''^'^' ^onn^ ^^ ^^^S^ ^i th^bench 

l(5th of Elizabeth. The former for the Mayor and Burgesses to sit on is 

larger of the two, as it contams this inscription: 

►uses, and 770 inhabitants ; whilst « « Erected in the Mayoralty of Colonel 

;ter has only about 100 houses, John Trelawny, 1679.' 

iQ inhabitants. The river Looe « This inscription must refer to the 

Adjoining the stairs of this hall are still to be seen the remains of a cage for scold- 
aen ; but, to the credit of the sex, it has not been used of late years. East Looe 
imilar cage within a few years since. The only instance within memory of its ever 
■ed is the following : Hannah Whit and Bessy Niles, two women of fluent tongues, 
Bxerted their oratory on each other, at last thought it prudent to leave the matter 
ite to be decided by the Mayor. Away then they posted to his Worship. Tha 
o arrived had scarce begun her tale, when the other bouneed in in full rage, uid 
bers likewise, and abuse recommenced with doubled vigour. His Worship (Mr* 
bubb) ordered the constables to be called, and each of the combatants thought hut 
bt was to be punished, and the event proved each thought right. When tbt 
|e -arrived, his Worship pronounced the following command to him : * Take thtas 
■•n to the cage, and there keep them till they have settled their dispute.' They 
nnediately conveyed thither, and, after a few hours confinement, became as qoiat 
iffeusive beings as ever breathed ; and were then liberated to beg Mr. Majso^M 

. .IS 

ees for. scolding women are not, I believe, very common. Indeed I never asv. ol 
Fany but in these towns ; nor do I recollect of ever reading of this mode of m|ihsh- 
The Tri- bucket, or Ducking-stool, seems to have been the generfi.1 chaf ti^^^nt 
f ; and each of these towns liad one of these instruments also. Since writi;)£ tl^ai 
he ladies of Penzance were formerly privileged with the like comparatively-ele^ni 
* punishment, a cage." 
•. Mag. March, 18-23. U-nch- 



RETUwr.^-^-Bond'i Eatiimi Wett Ufit^, 

d|i aiBitm m the ftop-scaa, thb ttop- 
kft in the witer» till, by suecennre 
It Biglit after night» all the &li are 
Im efrum * When the fishermen con- 
bey have hot a small catch, they 60 
k» bat draw up the stop-sean at once, 
II the fish In it. Sometimes the 
ea observe the fish by colour, as 
dl it; that is, the water appears, 
toidng down into it, quite red, owing 
^reat (quantity of fish below. Indeed, 
I parts of Cornwall, though not at 
men are placed on the cliffs from 
I this red appearance of the water is 
k order to give the fishermen notice 
place where the fish are to be found. 
I done by certain significant signs 
1 gestures of the men on shore, and 
nee by hallooing. The men giving 
ignals are called Huers (probably 
16 French word later ^^ to hoot). In 
ekarel'fishery, huers are employed at 
-The inlchards are seen at times in 
at other times in small quantities, 

on the surftce of the water, and 
r rendering the spot of a darker 
than the snrrounding water. Such 
t Mppesring, are called Shirmers. In 
, Ine fishermen do not chuse to shoot 
a at shirmers, as few are supposed to 
m water. The stoiting of a few fish 
the water b the principal sign of a 
lioal. It sometimes happens, that 

of inclosing pilchards, other fish 

ght« such as scads or horse-mackarel, 

pullock, mackarel, long noses, or 

8 is followed by a minute ac- 
of the manner of curing the 
ird. The manner of catching 
ilchards is described with mucn 
tion : 

[le seans are frequently shot near 
Sometimes you may see three or 
looting at once within half a mile of 
ade ; firom the hill this distance ap- 
>ut just below ; the motion of the 
the activity of the fishermen, the joy 
adventurers collecting together to 
their increasing good fortune, con- 
greatly to enliven the scene and ex- 
s the spirits. Upon these occasions 
o£ pleasure are formed, and the most 
ire induced to venture out alongside 
scans. Parties also go out to see the 
r or taking up the fish, which is 
commenced just as it grows dark, 
i being then not so apt to be frighten- 
ommonly about this season of the 
be sea produces the luminous ap- 
se which in Cornwall goes by the 
nf Brining, and is supposed to be 
id by animalculi or phosphoric par- 
if aome animal or vegetable matter 
; in the water : the least motion of 

the inter ptodneM thk tftpanMet. Ca»* 
oeife thai to yonrMlf ikm eAct die aitel^ 
iog of tem oc tkouaanda of iUi mitt pro- 
dnce i die sea appears full of glow-worniy 
of the most splendid lustre, the ropes had- 
ing up from below appe^ like chains of 
fire ; m short, the scene is beyond ezprei- 
sion beautiful. A universal calm o'ertpreadi 
the sea, its waters are hushed, no noise -b 
heard bat from the fishermen and fish 1 tl» 
land appearing with sombre hue, eootrittted 
to the light of a sammer evnii^ ilqr^ 
charmingly defines the visible horizon cif 
the high hills around; and the spvigled 
canopy of Heaven, and shooting meteon of 
the atmosphere, contribute to produce tbe 
utmost tranquilli^ of the mind, and the 
purest and finest of plcaaurea." 

After giving these extracts, oui^ 
limits oblige us to be brief. Of the 
Edd^rstone light-liouse we have a fujj 
and interesting accoant. It is within 
sight of Looe ; and a superb marino 
excursion, the view from it bejog 
awfully grand. St. Keyne's well, btefy 
celebrat^ by Mr.Southej*, is pleas- 
ingly described : but we can only riefer 
to the work itself. 

The objects of Natural History are 
worthy investigation. Among these 
is the J9tfcrtiittfiii Lupillut, a species of 
the famous Purpura, orE^ing Fish ot 
the Classical Antients, 

" Which Is to be met with in great 
abundance on tbe rocks and about the quays. 
It is a turbinated testaceous fish of about 
three-quarters of an Inch long, and produces 
a most charming colour for marking linen, 
but in small quantity." 

It would be unjust to Mr. Bond, 
not to observe tbe taste which he has 
displayed in antiquarian researches ; 
he gives the etymology, or rather the 
meaning of the name of almost every 
place of which he speaks ; on this 
subject he sometimes evinces ability, 
and always ingenuity. 

Cheesewring, a druidical relick of 
uncommon grandeur, is well depicted 
and described +. Cromlechs and other 
grand monuments are in the vicinity, 
all tending to shew that the Druids 
improved the majesty of stupendous 
rocks into a powerful aid of their su- 
perstition ; and especially delighted in 
finding them on elevated spots, which 

* See a sketch of the Well, and Mr. 
Southey*s verses on it, in our vol. Lzix. p. 
1 90 ; and another poem on the same subject, 
in our last vohune, part i. p. 546. 

f See a representation of it in our vol. 
xxxvii. p. 369. 


lUriBW.— Wright*! Gmd€ lo mekhw. t^ 

• ■ > ■ ■ 

tfi» jatnarovemeots and additions since the ReformaticmL many intereil^ 

3athemd, pecaliarly interesting^ inganecdoted kt^ recoimjM thb #ciAft. 

flawing Chapter contains a ' The last Chapter aft>]& dkslcrt'j|MEi<Vtt 

tidn of the Ca^edral in its pre- notices of the plates, which are turpdtj'^. 

ate, giving an accurate account six in number, consisting of {JatUb 

y part of the exterior and in- sections, and views of die Cathedral^ 

worthy of notice, accompanied and its various parts, and of the most 

■ences to the plates ; and includ- important objects which it includee. 

oarks on the style of architec- At the end of the volume are a eafa» 

splayed in the various parts of logue of books and prints relating to 

[ice. Canterbury Cathedral, and of meteoo* 

>ter the fourth is devoted to a and engraved portraits of the Areh*^ 

of the most interesting sepul- bishops and Deans ; a chrondogioiil 

n<Hiuments ; the painted glass list ot Archbbhops, Priors of Chrirt- 

adoms several of tne windows ; church, and the Deans of Canfet^ 

le mosaic pavement near the bury, their successors ; and a chrono^ 

here once stood the famous loeical table of the ages and stylet ojf 

>f Archbishop Becket. Among dinefent parts of the Cathedral and 

et remarkable monuments are adjacent edifices. There is alto an 

»f Henry the Fourth and his Index, a coov^ent appendase oH 

. Joan of Navarre ; and of Ed- which no work of researcn shovud be 

le Black Prince, over which is destitute. 

a trophy of the arms of that Mr. Britton announces his inteiitio» 

ted warrior. Several of the to pursue his plan for illustnitittg die 

»f the Archbishops are deser\'ing English Cathedrals, and states thil 

ition, as curious specimens of the drawings for Wells and Pefet^. 

orative architecture of the thir- borough are nearly all prepared. 

fourteenth, and fifteenth cen- To conclude this article, we may 

The plates which illustrate observe, partly in the words of the an* 
>rk comprise views of the mo- thor, that the style and manner in 
ts of tne prelates Peckham, which this work nas been completed 
m, Sudbury, Chichely, and will shew that no pains have been 
m. spared to render it worthy of the ap- 
fifth Chapter consists of biogra- probation of the public, 
notices of the Archbishops of a 
bury. The most distinguished ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ Widdow. 
the earlier prelates were Theo- jUastratedby Engravings, after the Designs 
vho appears to have introduced ^y q^^^^^ Pe^^e^ ^sq, and a large Map 
for literature among the Saxons ; ^f the County, from an Original Survey. 
nstan, whose talents were cer- By <Ae i2«;. G. N. Wright, ^. Jlf. 12«io, 
lonsiderable, whatever may be pp, 170. Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. 
' o^J^}^,?<^^^on^^ or political ^^ WRIGHT, whose "Guide 
:er ; ^Ifric, a man who culti- ^^ Ancient and Modern Dublin,** was 
learning in a dark age ; Lan< ^^^j^^^ -^^ ^,^j ^^^^^ ; 533, and his 
St Anselm ; Becket, the tur- ., q^jj^ ^^ ^^^ L^j^^^ ^^ KiUarney," 
champion of the Church, and j^ ^y^^ same volume, ii. 258, has here 
rth a martyr to her cause or furnished the curious Tourist with a 
that of the Clergy ; Cardinal y^ ^^^^ through the rich and inte- 
rn whose share in wresting the ^^g^. ^^ Qf wicklow, accom- 
Charter of English Liberties j^| . ^ ^ ^^j ^^^ ^^j^^^ 
lis tyrannical sovereign John, J^eat engravings, 
to secure a permanent respect «» ,. , 
memory in the breast of every " There are, according to the county 
; Peckham; WinchelseyjBradl ^J^^X' fifty-eight panslies «id twenty 
.: Chichely, the founder of All churches m the whole coun^, but this 

» „ /-/ r J T> u* * number of parishes is too small, for almost 

College, Oxford ; Bourchier, to ^^^ cScuUted in the fifty-eight is a 

has been attributed (thoueh ^nion of several ; for instance, ArUow is an 

9usly) the introduction of the ^^j^^ ^f ejgl^t. xjjg patronage of these 

irintins into England ; and Car- benefices is divided between two sees, Dublin 

?ole, the last primate whose re- and Ferns, but the Archbishop of Dublin 

were interred in the Cathedral, has the greater proportion, 

ise, and others both before and " The fiicc of the country is extremely 


tt^ RBTiEW.-^M<iiiotft o/ Marie JnUmMtte, Qu§m o/Krmieii 

pj^qpB ilheang wot^ < he endoiniig the the hoBOlin of xptA&XK^ Iwr ttepHltf^ 

a, with Yewi/e mM n twrnnc e,' joa hsvt tiop studioddy soHiiBd, and ^i^ tiaiteuB 

hfoor htt ofer your brow, and nmfflsd maKgnantly stigmatized. ' ., ', 

Hr fbe with yoar clodc—and read^ no Such was the mdanch^y aiM:^ ttfe 

■rl--^yet for yo^r credit » the Hii- ^g^ted fate of an illustrioui Pf inS;^ 

to«of the Free Grammar School of ^^^ y^^ ^f ^1,^^ safferinM^ 

^"^^^Zl'^^I^T^rA^Z T'' here recorded by the hand of^abS 

It .or other had the fortitude to decypher j ";^^"*^ »*/ »•«* *«*»«. w. «u mw 

lyliAter of this awfol hand writiii on and affectionate servant and friend, ai^ 

rCtaipel wall How otherwiae, ^£ed, m the perusal of which we have iWt the 

lid yott feel authorized to bewaU as you most poignant grief and indisnatioD. - 

ih0 departure from * its obvious import?' Madame de Campan died last year, 

fSl assume then, nor will you deny, that and in her bureau were found the pM- 

fy word of this inscription was deeply sent most cuiious and authentio OM* 

rai OB the tablet of your memory/' moirs, the appearance of which ninit 

We proceed no farther with extracts, be peculiarly acceptable at the preMoi 

mias componere lites is not within penod, as affordrng a complete refotft. 

B province of a Reviewer. But, tion of the recently revived calumnkl. 

Jie individuals in Highgate, whose work itself, it may be useful to give • 

Bfefence of opinion in the present brief oudine of the life of the amiabk 

le arises only from the various inter- ^^^ lamented writer, 

etations of some legal documents; Madame de Campan was bam at 

s'tincerely hope and trust, that by Paris, on the 6th of October, IT^t ; 

Btaal concession, such an arrange- l*cr father, M. Genet, was first clerit 

^may be formed, under the sane- in the office of the Minister for Foreign 

P of Parliament, as may place both Afl&drs. The young laiiy soon disco- 

m. Free Grammar-school and the vered such talents and accomplish- 

iamelonsofirmabasis.thatbotlimay ments, as to make her spoken of at 

ied credit on the memory of Sir Court, where at an early age she Was 

bgerCholmeley, and on the liberality introduced, and became an attendant 

'toe age in which we live ; and thus, on the Princess. On the marriage of 

process of time, may Highsate Marie Antoinette, Madame Campan 

■oudly rival the neighbouring hiU of was attached to her suite, atid she 

[arrow. ^oon afterwards married M. Campan. 

A Louis XV. bestowed on her a pension 

I. Memoirs of the Private Life of Marie of 5000 livres, and the Dauphiness 

Antoinette, Queeraq/' France and Navarre, secured her a place as femme de 

^e. ^c. By Madam Campan, First Femme chambre. She continued in attendance 

de Chamhre to the Queen. 2 vols. 8vo. on the Queen until the Revolution 

VbL I. pp. 494. Fol. II. pp. 470. Colburn burst asunder so many ties, and among 

«»d Co. others, those that cemented a faithful 

THE experience and records of all servant with a benevolent mistress. 

iges have demonstrated, that success The regicides who had usurped the 

Ad prosperity are not invariably at- reins of Government would not permit 

lached to merit and virtue ; but it her to share the captivity of her illus- 

Kidom occurs that the practice and trious mistress; she however escaped 

pursuit of the most laudable principles all the horrors of the Revolution, and 

Me the cause of the most dreadful and died on the 6th of March last, leaving 

ttmerited calamities. The Memoirs behind her several other useful works 

rf Marie Antoinette, as pourtrayed in which it is the intention of her rcla- 

dK delightful work of Madame de tives to publish. 

Campan, afford a remarkable instance Madame Campan is a most lively 

rf this unusual fatality. They display writer, and gives an animated picture 

i& illustrious Princess animated by the of the courts of Louis XV. ana Louis 

Mrest patriotism and benevolence, en- XVI. Speaking of her first admission 

mcing every social duty by her own into the service of the Royal Family, 

Gnmpie, yet pursued by the most she says : 

barbarous calumnies, overwhelmed by « I was fifteen years of age when I was 

lie most unheard-of indignities, im- appointed reader to the Princesses. I will 

irisoned, dethroned, murdered, denied begin by describing the Court at that period. 


ht jrtBtfeil ouiwiimrtliMte tb^ wrffteil Cto <hd ftgbdtfSmmgt^Jk^ 

^ WmmIi Gotemtteitt. I wItt perusal of which will timm'^ptiMn a 

to tniiie Um to apflftk <rat, st laMt sentiment of horror agtinit the andiOHi 

»Mi vmtt SMI speak out/ Some time and abettors of suchiMrbaritiet and 

*" the ^iiieen told me that her seerat crimes 

TSri^ irrt^fZ'^ We'have now only to repeat. Omt 

51S'!5L±^!L'T!i*!f ^ we have read thew l^enoirfwith ife- 


ka taiati abmiiigly t mar r e d, was 

'IJ^i^irttoedfetheieYoliitioiiarytpirit to general perusal. 
ijb «raol an organized republic in France^ , ^ 

"^■^if • ?*^. *«°'' " rewding the aj. ^- ^-^ - ^^n^ "jfinrrifri fmnfli^iftiif. 

^ of all Europe. 'Whenever/ p» gg^ 

aaid shs» ' Pitt expressed himself upon the rruTc o._ x.i\ • * aL 
Sgaa^ of siqmorthig ilfonordiy inTrance, . ^ "^^ Fwnphlet is- the . 

le iii«3itaine?&ie most profound silence, ^» J^ry sfble and experienced fm. 

Mm whet concerns the Monarch. Tlie The Author shews clearly how moch 

mtH of these ima^tions b any thing the Fundholders sufltered during tike 

te «iconraging, but even as to that Mo- late protracted war, in the enontMttt 

MjMhjy wh'ich he wishes to save, will he increase of alf the neeesseny articte of 

1m tlie aaeaas and strength to se;ve it, if life, and how much, hi fact, the Irad*^ 

ha aaffem » to fell." ed interest gained. Some ddciriaiors 

It b tndy painflil to read of the have even gone so far as to roaintahi^ 

flNmy instances of brutal treatment that during several years of the kta 

which the Queen experienced from war, the land, by the increased yitlue 

llie ferocious Republicans, by whom of its produce, raised a eontribotioa 

the Royal Family were surrounded: upon the country of near ibrtymiilloM 

we only give one instance. a year. 

« On the 80th of June, this mob throng- ^ How many instances, indeed^ say» 
fd iboat the ThuUleries hi still greater the author, may be produced of even 
Mnben, anned with pUces, hatchets, and tripled and sometimesquadropledvidoe 
awJeious mttrmnents of all lands, dece* in landed prc^perty. The NewspapetSy 
iMsd whh ribbons of the national colours, he obser^^^ have teemed with ae* 
AoaChig, ' The Nation fir ever, dmm tnih counts of the liberal reduction <^reM9 
the Feto.' The King was without guards ; in 15 and even 20 per cent.; and no 
part of these demoniacs rushed up to his doubt paid for as so many pufis by 
Martment; the Queen could not join the ^^055 ^^o would be very unwilling to 
King, who WS3 in the Council Chamber, disclose the quantum of reraaininR 
Pwaervmg a noble a^d becoming demeanour ^^ j the difference between what 
m this dreadful situation, sne nela tne .1 • j ■ ««.^/t j ^1. • 
D^W" befo" her, seated on the table. ^^'^ '*«««<' «« '793. and their rents 
The liorde passed in files before the table ; ^^^^ i v l • . 
the sort of standards which they carried were ^ hanks, however, to the continued 
symbols of the most attrocious barbarity, clamour of these gentlemen, every re- 
There was one representing a gibbet, to fleeting person begins to understand 
which a dirty doll was suspended; the words the question— the truth has at length 
Marie Antoinette a la lanteme, were written been elicited. And some of the first 
beneath iti Another, was a bullock's heart authorities in the country have declared 
fMtened, with an inscription round it. Heart in parliament, that it is a mere struggle - 
^ Louis XVI'* to shift the burthen from their own 
At length Madame de Campan was shoulders upon those who, during the 
torn from her beloved mistress, and war, were the greatest sufferers; but 
she could procure no further intelli- turn and turn about is fair, and the 
gence respecting the lloyal Family, great lahd holders should not forget the 
but through the medium of the news- privileges they still exclusively possess, 
papers, or the National Guards, who and which might well content them 
did duty at the Temple. Her narra- under the present reduced prices ; such 
tivc does not extend to the period of as, the exemption of real propet^ 
the King*8 death ; her virtuous heart from the payment of debts : their 
and benevolent mind had not suffi- right and influence in the election of 
cient courage to describe the subse- national representatives ; and their total 

Suent calamities and horrors of the exemption from those enormous stamp 

loyal Family : v^hich are, however, duties that fall with so much weight 
Obnt. Mao. Marchy 1828. on 

our eysteni docs not afloid : 
catastrophe, in the former in* 

is brought about on the prin- 
* Pied esti nation, which, while 
i a sameness over the different 
ret, makes room for some pecu- 
auties. Piety to the gods, and 
to mankind, are utged, and the 
<ii of them condemned, in 
ts and expressions, that cot)3li- 
e sublime- Moreofer, theocca- 

iuterventi<m of spiritual per- 
1 opens a field for display wnich 
iderns do not possess, except in 
ling magic, or introducing a 
Bui as an increase of know- 
and taste have restricted the 
.istorical or domestic subjects are 
merally selected, in which every 
of the pasMons may be struck in 
without exceeding the proper 

supi^tetl by the possibilities of 
"e. " I imagine (says our au- 

Wewuh, alM, iW a little T^ard 
had been paid to the critical sentenoes 
of others : the first scene opem ytixh 
the exploded dialogue, in which two 
friends inform each other what has 
been passing, 
" And bid lu tea »hit urciludl soon b«lra)4'" 

A similar coiiversation wat <Mce 
prefixed to Otway's " Orphan,"' and 
discarded by some judicious manager: 
since that of Hatton and Kaleigli, it 
has not been suffered on the stage, nor 
can the closet fairly claim an excsjv 
tion. At p. 67, we were surpriatd to 
find rh^me, or, what is yvone, ■ jiiwle 
of Tcrsilication inboduced, at tbe^- 
lowinR quatrain : 

on the admirers of B>il1er may 
at marks of tlial mighty Master 
collection, which is very hand- 
edited, and acconipanied with 
icellent plates. We shall ex- 
; second part with impatictice. 

EnchanUd Flulc, iiilh other Poems; 
liUsfram Li Foiilaiao. By E. P. 
rataa. Sto, pp. 440. LongniDa 

I. WOLFERSTAN, in a very 
Preface, announces that several 
Poems which are contained in 
[cction have hcen wriitcn niiinv 
id a fetvhavc more than doubleil 
ibationary nine prescribed by 
liii Poet. They are now pub- 
' in the hope they mi<rht add 
□g to the atock of innocent 
lent, and aid, hiiweier feebly, 
ise of Religion and Virtue." 
\;sc important objects in view, 
safely tccommcnd the pleasing 
Ao our Rejders' perusal. The 
poetry has much merit. Mra. 
ian has eiidently a very elegant 

what a 

; but it 
of long discus 

ideal iierfeclion, perceived and felt, 
but intangible. A smile consists in a 
certain disposition of the features ; but 
it may, in some faces, have a swec-t- 
ness, which no similar disposition of 
features can produce iti others. Of 
such a character is the style of La 
Fontaine. Whether an Engliih miod 
is not rather too serious for it, we shall 
not at present discnss. The French 
are inimitable-adepts in dressing levity 
with grace. The fair Authoress here 
means to make her book instructive, 
and she catches the manner of her 
archetype very happily. Love and 
Folly (p. 43S), we think a very favour- 
able specimen. This we shall accotd<< 
ingly give.; as llie allegory is Tetyi 
pretty, and the sutuecIfiMiSo faiDilHC 
to our readers, a$ tome of the others. 

'■ LOVB 

#WBI, aad MB niiiMd them- class. I o lannami 

■rhtltwt ruin the laDd b]r beg< nevo in the 1 

itAkwo. Socfa men, however, sym^utitc lu the holv tx „ 

'Vfcafethey cannot live without • coiueientioaa toirnct 1 

MtMtth ueycin Uvewithouta leading point* nrgiid ur 

I ne Landtofd hw them in a Doctor are IttKxMptii 

■» Imtw their hands at liberty, are, a resident tidtiiitcf m «Ter 

UMO t* obliged to come wiihio and a provision ffir eft|tlilii~- 

■■pj'and, Uieythererore squeeze excellent object- In estnn] 

Bit a b^r, because they may says Dr. Yates, 

Moea to e«* some paltry recom- 

4ilt'tbe excess of rent under 


t€nt diqtdskion of livings be in 

^f iiaj,a( il grows out :oC cir- 

Mm ttatt men, -who hai-e g^dd 

tf'wiR oceasionallr be more re- 

■-than they ought of deucal 

and have families. 

VTtwt iJie ChriMiu dero 

f Ken many 

we a itrone temptation t^ u=- ■ ,, , , ; i z-. — 7^ — 

■nilar and worldly. ^TH "^ "".g^'^^ ** *'i^ 

fnen have liberal educations, ';^r'l.'*'*L?;*!L'^ KT^^L^.^ 

. in pdirfied society, they abhof ^^^^^ ^'^^.^^T^^ 

"ftoberomeliypocntcs. But ful „knowl«dgm«.t. And ii wnSr Sfcrdi 

I tbc chaff which collects the „„ oeamha i* nnpna.; thrt moeh dlrfU 

ra) the mountebanks tricka, remain to be eSactad, whan, iqtgnWwa*-' 

bring the mob to the quack- nt< citimatioa, enuidmli^ mn* «»«-ti • 

■ •lage; nor is thpre any human third of tLeptu-ocbisI benefices appev to bs 

of preventing it, unless the H-lthout a fit home for the reiidence of ■ 

of the vulgar ate enlightened; miniilerj MidneirljonBhalfofcheinirilhont 

Clercv become philanthropists, ■" """i«l revenue of one hnodrerl pmindi i 

jp _5j ^ ^ how limentaMy injufficient ttiii miut be to 

I are the views which wc have '^^ respectable m>inteDu>ce of « ttbenjiy 

>f the subject; and thus exhi- 1''"?^''?"'''"'' T"^' J^ -fS "/ 

be obstructions to j«ii.ularity, fi'«t'erenforceine«toinakeeT(f«irt. ' 

impede the success of tlie Esta- Sensible as we are of the valuable 

Clergy, in competing with the amelioration of character which may 

iable results of that indispens- be effected among the people by wise, 

■litical privilege. Toleration. If pnblick -spirited, and philantbropical 

come mere low pulpiteers, ihey resident ministers, wc wish that the 

be the pillars of civihzation ; good Doctor had enlarged his views in 
tod is not publicl;, but personal tilings not wholly unconnected with 
lorate ; and tlicir congregations the useful office of the breaking in of 
re factions, guided by who is youth. The education of the couniFy 
t performer. Rev. A. or llcv. B. is, in its liberal branch, purely id tbc 
; tonls of their hearers are rack- hands of the Clergy, but the PResa is 
b mean passions. We would hot. Merit is not a titla to pRfet- 
have them prove their utility nient. We do not say that author- 
high reason and publick senice ship, as authorship, has vj c(aun. 
ihey show in mind and con- The multiplicity of trash ts so great, 
iy, tbeir being the philosophers, that it hat |iro4uced a diigoK W itie 
I, and phtUnthrppists, lowborn publick niiud to boobs in geitani ; 
ttlj resort for enlightened coti- to the serious injury of . nws of 
haaienof fortune tor Iheliberal genius and learning, who are qmlifad 
•p of their children, and the lo instruct and enli^toa mwhind, 
1 oatronage ; for on them the uiid give ^m alaM'ttU tJHtnft pH 
■,1nta.Mttrek, isia. - . - -, < auits; 


f- ^u Mtt ii 'i fm ^ -m m uS ttt 

UUi light, l0 eonmoiead dnwitig 
Ml, hj tbe maHH of k Uddtr npoa 
jt ttnod. Thu* oocii[Hed tiU night, 
M»ili conpleted hii obji 

iMd dulmeH, trithont uij hopfl of 
Rind Gmn hia nnpleMUit aitaatiOB 
btrniDg I for th« Qoui wu IM«, ud 
tM hat himielf hwl tjuilted ths 
i). FoTtunWclj li« Tscsived no ia- 
b* hll, mlthough M tho IDomBDC be 
igol in tlig let of cutting hit penciJ. 
.-dated, afler many fruitleig cffnrti, 
«de4 io groping out liis wbj, tilt at 
e rewhed thv dnor of the Citbednl, 
« unlocked, hmring poiieisioa of 
AfUi lhi> accident, he aever Bgnio 
tha deiire of giiining time to induce 

''rttminater Abbey, also, though 
lent happened, he was hi iinmi- 

WM excMdiogly (eaileai in hii pur- 
it did he tilow difficulty to impede 
irmKntof his abject; 1 remember 
laa of tbi>, which at tha Uma made 
ld«c "ith appiehaniioD ud 11011)1. 
aoe Tiewing the Abbey, when, on 
Hiddanly lata one of the ulei near 
pet of Edward the Canfruoi, I 
Win eleraled between thirty and 
# tmai tha ground, itonding upon ik 
irith bath handi engaged. Doe in 
1^ dnwiog board, and the other 
lill i^ 1 taaai he had actuU; 
plqwl BMri; llw whole quraiu i 
Ml Aoganm (itualioD, making 
!■( •OM* ai Mta h e He a for hla vark. 
fl||f^M*lanM4.1i*<b*<cDd*d, hot 

- OathrwlMliiMrutdendl 

B>MHi)rtiw imA' 
UtdMtiMMMiraL „_ 

for the •^eilidav«liim*or'Miy« 

SomtefcWofthito, -■■ " " 


my not ban bnn m tetmttimw^ 
emllcDee of the enmrinp deMmC 

This, h in, iT iini niplj iJliii 

to Scbuebbelie or GMtei | iK t»ibt 
matcblcM portrait! of aur fl|niiil%Bi 
bj Baiire. A i nniJiti iilili WMibp el 
most Taloftble monammtil ilimiiij 
bj Snt-tate Artiita, not hilbcrto.xB- 
gtared, Bccompanv Mr. Gdagti'iTtib^ 
or hia " Sepulchral MoDdmeotr' vS- 
queathed, wilh thecopptJT-pIatet, tDthh 
Bodleian Library. ' '' 

A good portrait of Mr. Slnthard It 
pretixed to the volume j and for 'ffa 
etching of the portrait of De Coster, 
Buanapane'a Guide in the memorabl^ 
battle of Waterloo, after a cirawing by 
Mr. C. Siothard, " the Author is iit- 
debted to the talents and liberalily of 
Mrs. Dawson Turner." 

or De Coster, the master of a amall 
inn near the farm of Mount St. John, 
and of the Emperor's conduct on the 
18th of June, we have the foUoiVlifg 
particulari : 

■' De Cmtn hu the tfpmtKM at ar^ 
apecUltle iarmei. He ia ■! Isaat aisCT f*4» 
of Bga i was boTD at Lotmin ( aid, ibr tba 
last thirty yeart, hii raaided ui Hit neisb- 
bouibood. Hb coimteiMBM b niU uai 




i w ihe Private Life and Con^ 
. ^ihe JEmperor Nji}»oleon, <U 
iLByihe CounI de Las Cases. 
f^l8im»., Colbunu 

J. ,ifClaifimu!iJrom p, 5iJ 

'& itioire vi^tinies of this work 
ifNf^'liMied since our last notice. 
SAbstfll of a vast mass of intenest- 
itbriiils, which, however valuable 
^ be to the future historian, 
(Indigested, and too indiscrimi- 
^lenojed, to afford entire satis- 

4 ..Indeed, the plan of a journal 
vuisteut with that order which 
eo\ details require. We are 
itij disappointed by the abrupt 
Ation of some important suo- 
nnected with the af&irs of Eo- 
when the Journalist suddenly 
into vituperations against the 

iior of the Island, or unexpect- 
lirns to some trivial remarks, 
it the least reference to the pre- 
matter. Yet, as a Journal, it 
;te with interest. The high im- 
ce of the subjects detailed con- 
to its value, and adds a conse- 

5 to the whole, which it would 
herwise possess. An excellent 
materially assists the reader. 
have already given our opinion 

Author, as well as the senti- 
we entertain of his imperial 
. We shall therefore confine 
res to a few desultory extracts. 
the present Quixotic expedition 
Bourbons against Spain, excites 
sal attention, and strongly re- 
us of Napoleon's treatment of 
inforlunate country, we shall 
without comment, the follow- 
istification of his conduct to- 
his Catholic Majesty. 

• Tf^ar, and Royal Family of Spain, 
Ferdinand at Falencey, ^c 

me 149 1816. — ^The Emperor began 
nversatioD, of which the constant 
was %he Spanish war. — * The old 
nd Queen,' said the Emperor, * at 
mcnt.of the event, were the objects 
-hitred and contempt of tlieir sub- 
,TkA Prince of Asturias conspired 
ArnKkf forced then to abdicate, and 
amiltd in his emu. person tba love 

ciude* i< " ■ - If'''. 

bad tiien been BmeleaB 

I'dBoiw^acte^ i whoy when be len 

int^ • fifftttif ip***f ly oe DM 

betrayed no signs ^her of 

homtntm •p»'fe» 'ina ibihgij fHiiS 
nkmitiV ihtialmjfihr'mm^i I iiiii|<liiiMt 
fo^oMijFbi tkkHsoamfiimAihmmMKk 
tCafe^ at tliugi ibM 4h4mk 
net at Ba^ooDo rtbc old^fai^ 
ma for vengeaitoe aduiM^ bir iM%' mfikk 
▼omigjpriaaeaolidtifr my pw^fcetfeibjiiM 
bis fiuher» and implocW s^ili atanTMlrik 
I resolved to convert ihit riBgttb«'MM|Mi 
to my advantage, wi^ tha i^itf ffisit| 
myself jRpom that bianob «P 'the 

of coatiaiiiag m my own ^jmalv 

system of Look XlV. aid of Untt^l 
to the dettmiet of Fnaea^ Mftedil 
isnt. to Valancty* thb M kk^'^'iMM^ 
seilles, aa be wiebed» wmdmfhtfiSmihm^ 
Went to lalgB at Madrid wA ar ^ 
'•titatiaD> adoplad by a jama «f d* L^ 
nation* vbien bad ooma tt> •rikoftltfc.^ 
Bayonaa.' «?/'. «?^cft 

** ' It saems to me>' ooattantd Jbii^tlai 
Enropa^ and eraa FVaDoa> baS'ileNabiMir$ 
just idea of Ferdimmd^s sttmKtfan alTabiii^ 
eey. There is a strflnga 
in cba world with laspeet to tba 
be experienced, and mil mofa edf^'irMi tl^ 
spect to bia wisbes and pcnoDMi oftiBiDoa at 
to that situation. The ilwt ii, lltet lhfct«|jk 
scarcely goarded at Valeao^» aad tbafe-hi 
did not wish to escape. Ir any plotajMfii 
contrived to fiiroar bia evaaioiit ba vaa iMi 
first to make ^m kootai. ' An -IiitbMiA 
(Baron de Colli) gafaied aeoen to hb |ili^ 
son, and offered, in the name of Ofeoiga 
the Third, to carry him off; but Ferdtnandy 
far from embracing the offer, instantly com*- 
municated it to the proper authority* 

<* His applications to me for a wtfii al 
my bands were incessant. He 8pontancoas)|r 
wrote to me letters of congratulation uptin. 
every event that occurred in my fitvoair* 
He had addressed proolamatitms to the 
Spaniards, recommending their submission i 
he had recognised Joseph. All these were 
circimistances, which' might, indeed, bare 
been considered as forced upou him i bnl 
he requested from him the insignia of lua 
grand order ; he tendered to me Uia services 
of his brother, Don Carlos, to take this 
command of the Spanish regiments, wbtdi 
were marching to Russia,-— |«oceediBgs 
to which he was, in no respect, obliged. 
To sum up all, he earnestly solicited my 
permission to visit my court at Paris, and 
if I did not lend myself to a spectacle, wlucb 
would have astonished Europe, by disf^y* 
ing the full consolidation of my power, it 
was because the important circumstaacas 
which called me abroad, and my frfifmnt 
absence from the capital, deprived jDM'cf 
the proper opportunity.' 

** Towards the beginning of a new yfmt^ 
at one of ^ levees^ 'I happened to be ncftt 
to the Chamberlain, Count d'Aibeiq|« wlio 
had been doiag duly at Valence)^ ntfv Um 
pefsmia 9fs4ba' pdneas.of 'Spttiv Wam 


Bitoqr of ;eiifield. Bj W. Robin- 

rW. DifiMrn, Secretary of State to 

^nbeth. Bj N. H. Nicolas, Esq. 

)r, Rudge'^ Lectures on Genesis. 

Rdmanse, a New Translation of St. 

listlftto tbe Romans. BjClericus. 

jpftl to the Gentlemen of England, 

r of the Church of England. By 

IS Campbell, A.M. Rector of WaK 

die county cf Chester. 

noM^on of the Church and Oeigy 

id, from the Misrepresentations of ed in MS. to his Majesty •( 

haxf^ Review. By a Beneficed very mcloosly recetved. It Is 

f AN. of that splendid 

lioadon of the Right Reverend the ' ' 


lain to diBEari of CiM»t mkI Conte of 

wiimifaBd VDfothe BitraMgi oMf MiiMI 
Ooh Hone, Bart. 
The English Flora. By Sir JAS.^ioir« 

Smith, Rr^dent of theXdmisetti SoelNf. 

A reprint of Southwbia's Miry Mi|pia* 
lene's Funeral Tears for the Death of «v 
Saviour. ' ■ *.v 

A Poem entitled Coronation^ s itfift ii iri l 
to the King, by Wm. Buncb, Esq. of Nor» 
thiam in Sussex, .has boen 

and national Cvhatkf^ 
with Dotai of referenee to of^y MMl 
party and is shortly intended tobe jpnIifMpK 
with a oomct account pndSzed. "' * '•"■^'* 

The GeograpbT, Histonr, aiod'SlMlAta 
of America and the West India^ in WR^ 
naUy pubfiUied in tiie American AM « 
Messrs. Cary and Lea, of Philad^dEbT '^ 

The Second Part of Mr; JAliiSTffiWi 
History of Great Britain; owoOilamdWji 
oftheftitieofTWUjjar.^^^^ •'^ 

Address to the lUgfat Hon. QevW 
mng on the importance of CiiAMiTBsilUk^ 
pation at tiie present Crisis* 

Ontiinas of a System of PofitSod Sn- 
nomy. Bj Mr. Jopuv, andior of an <' Bs- 
say on tiie-Brinoiples of BaniUng.** 

NewRiiBtia» bst^g.aoow isewnl 

colonizatiQii of tiial 'cqtmtB^>miMi 

manners and onstoms of tibo G«kpU 

which is added, a brief detag lof .n.foip^ 

id the Criminal Jurisprudence of Overland from Riga to the Crimea by wiy 

By the author of <* Sketch of a of Kilo, accompanied with Notes fm tk^ 

Crim Tartars. 

bop of Peterborough, from the Ani- 
3ns of a Writer in the Edinburgh 
aLetter to the Rev. S— S ■ 

PF , &c. &c. 

tions on the Claims of Protestant 
sh Dissenters, especially of the la^ 
BE Equality in Civil Trivileges with 
qbecs of the Established Church, 
tir MoRRES, MA. Prebendary of 
'y Reotor of Great Cheverell, and 
Britnird, Wilts. 

0WN8END*s specimen of a Work on 
nt state of Baronies by Writ. 
jlrsden's first portion of his Nu* 
Orientalia Illustrata. The Orien- 
f Ancient and Modem, of his ool- 
Isscribed historically. 
lal and Philosopbiod Strictures on 
ilary Reform, the Liberty of the 

mppresslng Mendicity,'* &c. 
considerations on the present Dis- 
tate of the British West Indian Co- 
keir Claims ou the Government for 
;e. By a West Indiam. 

relative to the habits, character, 
al improvement of the Hindoos, 
lave originally appeared in the 
of India." 

Ion of Erin, or the Cause of the 
I Play, in 5 Acts. By a native of 
Geo. Buroes, A.M. Trinity Col- 

Poem, entitled " Alfred." By R. 

tngham's Pocket Novelists, 3 vols. 
ig Tom Jones ; and 1 vol. conUun- 
lomance of the Forest, 
son Anecdotes, Part V. with an 
g of the battle of Austerlltz. 
de Barsas, a Tradition of the Twelfth 

ighby, a Novel. 

Prating for Publication. 
>pi Sallsburlenses ; or, Lives and 
of the Bishops of Salisbury, from 
705 to the present time. By the 
iPHEN Hyde Cassan, A.M. Chap- 

Mag. March, 1828. 

Captain Franklin's Narrative of hia pe» 
rilous Journey from the shoKs of Hndr 
son's Bay to the Mouth of the Ca]p|>ar 
Mine River. 

Doctor T. Forster's Researches about 
Atmospheric Phenomena. 

Popular observations upon Muscular Con- 
traction, with the mode of Treatment of the 
Diseases of the Limbs associated ^enwith. 
By Mr. Oliver, Surgeon. 

A Translation of Longinus on the Sid:* 
lime, with Notes Critical and lUustaaftivei* 
By the Rev. W. Tylney Spurdens^ of 
North Walsham. 

The Cambridge Tart, (intended as a ooHb* 
panlon to the Oxford Sausage) consisting of 
Epigramatio and Satiric Poetical Effusions. 

The Life of a Soldier, with 20 plfrtes 
by Heath. 

Remembrance : with other Poems. By 
Wm. Gray. 

The Forest Minstrel, and other Poe|iis» 
By W. and Mary Howitt. 

The Ionian, or Woman in the Nineteenth 
Century. By the autjior of « Village Con- 
versations," &C. 

The King of the Peak. By the author of 
the <« Cavalier." 



SekH Poeifff. 

jbwj ftfeuM rtfleet hit binish'd 

kuTf [beMniag broir. 

jrant zephyr* gfice liis erinoMm- 

u' Uasts lucceed the milder ray, 
Mng sleet assails the budding trees ; 
mfeient gleams of Zephyr flee away^ 
y-eoats sgain attire the breeze : 
fkdi possess alternately the air, 
fB at laige along the sylvan plain ; 
learning hope adorns this nether 

ends in sweet oblivion the stirain 
re*t bltssfbl thoughts or pangs of 

teetest hope I that cheers the gal- 
y slave 

eliain'd for life unto the galling oar» 
beds a ray of rapture on the wave 
m I>espairy and lends a soothing 
w't [heart ; 

te the dungeon captive's troubl'd 
ipe celestial ! lovely to behold ! 
oes th' enchanting period impart 
Venus' train the blushing flow'rs 

the shady groves and plains with 

pour'd a genial firagrsnt dew, 
/umk, whose mossy sides were gay. 
iolet dress'd in robe of purple hue, 
tdest primrose in its best arrays 
its side in plaintive murmurs roll'd 
ly streamlet — ^holdine to the sky 
rt mirror, ting'd with beaming gold 
ed from Phoebus' chariot wheels 
I high, [sky. 

« he mounts majestic th' empyrean 

is music fill'd the neighbouring 
•ove, [ear. 

ig with softest strains my ravish'd 
leckled songster tun'd his notes to 
ve, [near. 

>o'd his tender mate soft warbling 
tty minstrel strain'd his feather'd 
xoat, [along 

3ho swell'd the trembling notes 
van scene,— the magic numbers float 
lest patlios, and the enchanting 

ring accents loaths to quit tlie 
urbler's tongue. 

le hearts with soft emotions swell, 
it responsive to the gladsome strain, 
it Aurora in each shady dell, 
low*ry dale, each mossy-dighted 
UD :— 

3ome Flora dipt in heavenly dews, 
ling odours from her aerial feet, 
>rinkling flow'rs array 'd in varied 

ig with influence mild their sweet 

^eat, [hostile feet. 

with care their bow'r of bliss from 

:t, 1823. G. 


an jhdmi SjfoHUk mJki*. 

YOUH horse is flin^ mj Kh^^mjlmd^ 

Your galUat horie le Mtt 
His limbs are torn, his bretat it gondii 

On hb eye the film is thbk; 
Mount, mount, on mbe ! oh» aMwrnl 
I pray thee, mount and iy ! 
Or in my Sims 1 11 lift TOUT Gne«*-> ^ 
Their trunpGng hoon «rs nigh. 

MyKinff, my Kinff, yon'ra woonMsoiei, 

The blood runs mm yovr Ibet : 
But only lay a hand befoiQ, 

And 1 11 lift you to your sea t 
Mount, Juan ! for they gather fiwt ■ ■ 

I hear their coming erys ■. 1 

Mount, mount ! and ride fbr Jeope*^^«— ' ' 

I '11 save yon though I £• f ^, 

Stand, noble steed, this hour of oeeil i 

Be gentle as a lamb : * '^"^ 

I'll kiss the fiMunfiroai off tl^BWidi:-.. \ 

Thy master dear I am. 
Mount, Jnan, monnt 1 whsts'fc heliitr ^'^ 

Away the bridle Hb^ . ^ - v. i 

And plunge the rowels in his side ■■ * 

My horse shall saive my King ! 

Nvr, never spesk ! my sirss, Lord King». 

fteceived ttieir land firom yoars» 
And joyfuUy their Uood sliau spiiiify 

So It but tliine secures: .. .^t 

If I should fly, and thou, nq^Klngy r" -fi 

Be found amonc the deadl, Y 

How could I stand 'mong ffentleiiai» / 

Such scorn on my grey head ? 

Castille's proud dames shall never point 

The finger of disdain. 
And say, *< There's one that ran away 

When our good Lord was slain." 
I '11 leave Diego in your care ; 

You *11 fill his father's place ;— > 
Strike, strike the spur ! and never spare : 

God's blessing on your Grace ! 

— So spalce the brave Montanez, 

(Butrago's Lord was he). 
And turned him to the coming host 

In stedfastness uid glee : 
He flung himself among them. 

As they came down the hill ; 
He died, God wot ! but not before 
' His sword had drunk its fill. 

* Tlie incident oq which this ballad is 
founded is supposed to have occurred on 
the famous field of Aljubarrota, where King 
Juan the First, of Castille, was defeated by 
the Portuguese. The Kin^, who was at the 
time in a feeble state of health, exposed 
himself very much during the action, and, 
being wounded, hadgreat difficulty in mak* 
ing his escape, llie battle was fought 

A.D. 1385. 

A Plan 


f '1 




' fiousE OF Lords, Feb. 27. 

i^inott imporUuit proceeding! of the 
I #Sfe ihe passing through diffsrent 
. of two Bills, designed to supply and 
e the deficieneies and difficulties of 
It Marriage Act. The first of these 
legalizes marriages solemnized upon 
m iasued (in error) by Officers whose 

joi eranting them had been taken 
I17 £e Act of last Session. The 
ii s provisional measure, intended to 
iitsh,-lbr the present^and until the 

bo^ of Marriage Laws have been 
lUated into one Act, all the perplex- 
mm enjoined by iba late Manriage 
ikaendment Law. 

. S8. The New Marruoe Act 
m Repeal Bill was read a third time 

ibe House of Commoms the same day, 
>nmgham moved for leave to introduce 
in tat the Sale of Beer, of which he 
Kren notice last Session. The Hon. 
ler at the same time explained that he 
Kt design to lurge the measure further 
ifUr the recess, as he hoped that in 
ean time the subject would be taken 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. — 
IhanceUor of the Exchequer declined 
into the details of the measure which 
>posed to introduce ; he would, how- 
say this much, that its purpose was 
e to the poor a better and cheaper 
ge than they can now obtain. 
. Brougham next put a question to 
anning, with respect to the colour 
to the foreign policy of the British 
^ in M. de Chateaubriand's speech, 
lore particularly with respect to a 
ion given in that speech, from a Note 
» have been written by the Right Ho- 
>le Secretary for Foreign Affairs. — 
afonng replied, that the extracts were 
lirly given; that they conveyed, as 
te, propositions whico, in fact, were 
with a qualification. The Right Ho- 
)le Gentleman admitted that the 
Is for a hope of peace had been 
f dimln'ished ; but he suggested, that 
any ground for hope remained, it 
be improper to make a complete dis- 
3 of all the circumstances connected 
be late negotiations. 
jlfaZreriy brought forward his Reso- 
I for the Sale of the Land Tax, the 
NSION of the Sinking Fund, and the 

Remission of the Assuiio Tixis. Hm 

HononmUe Member introdooed hli no^km 
with a speech of neaS leogth, b whtdh ii» 
justified his plan by tiEe anthofity tmd ex- 
ample of Mr. Pitt, whoa he ttM^d^bdl 
promised to effect, Icaur fhioe* tihe fde 
which he (Mr.Maberj^ proposed. Mr. 
Pitt's fkilure of effeeting a sole of the viide 
he ascribed to the high terms iV m^i^ii fttlfc 
his Act { and he would therefSi^ not oi£f 
propose terms of greater peemiiriry eAnnit- 
a^e to the oorchasers} bfiit also the ■Ai^«% n 
of some Ditvileges whJdi would straogly jl- 
commend dib species of n r o ftert y for tbe 
investment of capital. He proposed ratt 
100^ Three per Cent. Stoek fiiow 7iL) 
should hoy 81. Mr annun Land Tncy |^ 

mg the owner of the kiid awlorttiir of rm 
to porehase fbr tluee moothe. Al dkettd 
of three months he pr o po eed to allov % 
stranger to purehaae, ntlject toerlght of 
redemption on toe pwt of the owner a* any 
thne within five yearsj npon a payment of 
the pnrchaie-money so advanced by lAie 
stranger* and an additional pnndum'of five 
per cent, which was to be dtt straii||^e 
profit. He also nropoeed that moll atnager 
irarchasers should, in renieet to the p^i- 
leses of kUliiur game* and in re^pMrd to ^oa- 
lifications for rarliament, stand in the con- 
dition of fee farm renters. Mr. Mabedy 
also stated, that according to the present 
arrangements the reden^tion of the Land- 
tax would take many centuries, and that 
the expenses attending it would, allowing 
compound interest, exceed mai^ times over 
the whole of the National Debt. — llie 
Chancellor of the Exchequer denied that the 
measure proposed was a substitute for a 
Sinking Fund. The first essential quality 
of which was, that the diminution of debt 
should not be accompanied by any loss of 
revenue. He also denied that the scheme 
for selling the Land-tax to strangers oould 
be called a redemption of that tax ; it was 
merely a chance^ of the power over en- 
forcmg the tribute from the hand of Go- 
vernment to the hands of individuals — of 
individuals who, as mortgagees or credi- 
tors, had already perhaps some power over 
the land-owner, which with the additional 
power proposed to be given, nught be..ap- 
plied to purposes of oppression. The^t. 
Hon. Gentleman also observed, that con- 
siderations of a much higher nature than 
views of mere financial convenience, ought 
to make the Legulature cautious of selling, 
as recommendations to a money bargain, 
the privileges which it proposed to confer 



Proceedmgi in ih§ preteiU SmUm of PorHammii^ fUHi 

MHrtt Accordiiig to Adam Smith's IneUoid (ImO^T-^Mx, 0iim$. ia !«;%, mid, 

alio allow the Gergy compensatioa befbre m imwitigstlDo^ oUwl jfst it wwpUl 

jqprdon to the duty wnioh they per- have been coosldend qpolWon to ffopoff 

• With regard to tithes^ he should a comvkutatioii of titbaa. At ftmmt tilt 

mpoie that the property of the Bi- principle of a commytatioii waa pcatty 9»* 

tnuiBf and Chapters, should he ap- nerally adopted. TknM, hy invettigBtioB^ 

I ihe fbrmation of one fund, the dis- some progress had been effected s and hf 

ini of which should be left to the dis- had no doubt that, m a few jean, «• abonU 

.^f a Committee appointed by Par- make a greater progreaa towaidi a r n f i irw i . 

!^ ijrho would apportion the income tion in uua and other niatt«fi (hmrJ^lS^ 

,A|^ to the duty to be performed ; and then replied to what he deemed thaptia»» 

Ilea should be commuted for twelve ualities of Mr. Plonkett and Mr. OooifMaB^ 

on years* purchase. With respect to and observed, that he had a paUie duty, to 

f impropriators, the whole value of perform, and no tannts or oensuraa ahoiild 

pnmertv should be made good to divert him from his pupoee. The Htm* 

vbej sjiouid not sustain the loss of Member withdrew the fint reaolntaoo^ and 

urle fitrthing. Mr. Hume concluded the House divided on the ot(iera— iAyii» 

MDS resolutions for a Committee, 62; Noes^ 167— Majority, lb5» 
d^oJIured — ^that the property of the ' 

I of Ireland is public property, under March 6. Mr. GouUmm explvofld iSb0 

htcoul of Parliament; that it is ex- nature and tendency of the measoret, wliigh 

; io enquire whether a reduction of he proposes to introduce for the am^oc^ 

R^shment should not take place — tion of the Irish Titus Systkic. HJa &a$t 

tat a commutation of tithes would Bill was to be (he said) but tampoiaijr wa^L 

ia the peace and best interests of provisional. It was intended, to giy by Si| 

1— -Mr. Hobhxmse seconded the mo- the advantages of a comnositUm to the %fii% 

Mr. CrouUmm at great length op- piyer, by a triennial vaniation, to be iiaadi 

die motion, contending that it was by two valuators, to be rnpeetnrely appt^aft* 

t incitement to the invasion of every edby the Parish and the Cfeigyman; andjtai 

f property, whether belonging to the the Clenyman the advanti^ of a aatisfiw* 

or Laity. There was no argument tory and peaceful pmicnt through' £• 

it forward by that Hon. Gentleman hands of toe PariA Officers* Ilia othaii 

^Wht not with equal force and jus- Bill, which waa to be pennanMit in ita cft^. 

applied to the seizure of individual ration, waa intended to effeoi^ a coouan^ 

;f puoTf hear). Tithes were the pro- tion of tithe for land. The tithes of mth 

a the Church, subject, it was true, parish were to be valued ; and as soon aa a 

bain conditions ; viz. that the pro- full equivalent in land could be purchased 

s should discharge certain duties, within the parish, the land was to be pur- 

these duties were jperformed, Parli- chased by the Government for the Church, 

had no more right to divest the The tithes to be from thence levied by the 

1 of its property than it had to de- Officers of the Crown, until the State should 

,ny Individual (hear, hearj. The Rt. be re-imbursed the cost of the purchase. 

Gentleman in conclusion said that 

effort was maldng to enforce resi- March 10, On the motion that the Re- 

among the Irish Clergy. — Mr. Stuart port of the Committee of Supply be 

d the motion. — Mr. M. FilxgeraM, brought up, Mr. Hume moved an amend- 

emnany and Mr. Mcnck, supported ment, remonstrating agiunst the incoosi- 

the ground that the subject required derable amount of the reductions that had 

gation. — Mr. Peel said, if they were been made in the Estimates (15,670/.), 

>pt the maxims of the Honourable which he said was wholly inadequate to tne 

, there would be no confidence in promise held out iu the King's Speech.-— 

I property ; and should this measure Colonel Davies declared that he would op- 

ented to, the articles of the Union pose the whole proposed expenditure, were 

be violated. — Mr. Plunkett spoke with it not that a war with France appeared to 

h against the resolutions. He deem- be inevitable. This opinion was received 

imperative on him to express In the with conflicting cries of << JEVb, no,** and 

est terms with which the English << Hear, hear,** from the opposite sides of 

£e could supply him, and the use of the House. — Lord PahnersUm expressed 

was allowed him by the customs of some astonishment at the calculation by 

louse, his opinion of the desperation which Mr. Hume had arrived at 15,670^ as 

»l]y of the measure proposed by the the maximum of reduction : the reduction 

Vlember. — Mr. Gratian said, although was in fact 68,000/. — ^Mr. Hume's amend- 

. not agree in all the measures of the meat was then rejected without a division. 
Mover, lie still thought that upon The resolutions of the Committee were 

esent occasion he was entitled to the then read seriatim, and each of them was 

ide of the House and of the country, met by some objection from Mr. Hume, 

irticularly to that of every friend of Colonel Davies, «nd Mr. Grey Bennet. 



Proutdmgi M the present Setsimi (/Parliament. 


-wouki not be iinattaiiwlile.-— 
gl^JIMm denied that the Sinking Fund 
pAti- waetcj of- Ministers. — ^Mr. Hume 
■I9 that tfie habitual compliance of 
ome of Commons placed the Sinking 
•htolatelj at the pleasure of the 60- 
•rt; and, in proof of his assertion, 
id diat Ministers had, from time to 
tdwB 334 millions from that Fund. — 
w moti on followed, in which the for- 
Milcers, Mr. Monck, Mr. Huskisson, 
ok part; and, at length, Mr. Hume 
Ml amendment, restricting the Sink- 
■id in terms to the actual surplus re- 
•— The Amendment was rejected by a 
tJ0f55 to7. 

House OF Lords, March IS. 
d EUenioroiigh stated that an opinion 
Dae abroad that the new provisional 
1^ Act (dispensing with the perplex- 
na enjoined by the Act of last Session) 
fereacty in operation ; he therefore 
lit it necessary to explain that the pro- 
1 act had not yet passed the House of 
00*9 and that though there was no 
to aj^rehend any difficulty in the 
f $he final adoption of the proposed 
f the Legislature, all marriages must 
I present be celebrated under the Act 

]gmn OF Commons, March 18. 
hOnutlome moved for a Committee 
Game Laws. He enforced the ne- 
of his motion by stating, that in the 
of the last year 1467 persons had been 
tted for offences against these laws, 
the last month of that year 372. — 
A« Sebright seconded the motion. 
»ke at some length upon the demoral- 
tfiect of those laws, observing that 
•nnually threw into prison a great 
r of persons in the vigour of life, 
vith whatever feelings they entered 
risons, emerged from thence confirm- 
lins. — Sir Johji Shelley opposed the 
He attributed the increase of 
ig to the want of employment among 
labourers, which necessarily resulted 
be depressed state of agriculture. — 
)tion was carried unanimously. 

Mr. Husldsson introdueed a meaiuM for 
the RsouLATibN of ApntBNTtcti at Sxa^ 
It was to adjust the number of apprentbea 
to the^ tonnage of vetselv, accorcKi^ to a 
certain and reasonable scale ; and to pfnteet 
apprentices firom impressment up to toe 31tt 
year, the present a^e of protection beh^ 
only to the 1 7 th. The measure appeared to 
give general satisfiustion to the gentlemen 
who represent the shippmg interest in the 
House of Commons. 

- March 14. The Mutiny Bill vas the 
principal subject of discussion. On die 
motion for going into a Committee on the 
Bill, Colonel Davies favoured the Home 
with a long exposition of the harsh operas 
tion of the power of sununary Hwmwf^y of 
officers without trial exercised by the Crown. 
He concluded by moving as an amendmeiit» 
that a clause should be inserted in the Bill 
'< to prevent the dismission of officers from 
the army, without trial by Courts Mardal ; 
and to prevent the punishment of any offioery 
non-commissioned officer, and soldiery who 
shall have been previously toried and sen- 
tenced by a Court Martial, from being 
carried beyond the extent and trnport of 
such sentence." — ^Lord Palmerslon defended 
the prerogative complained of as neoetaary 
to maintaining the discipline of the army^— 
without such a power vested in the Crown, 
the army, he said, would be changed into a 
corps of mamelukes, which would very soon 
overthrow the laws, and annihUato all power 
but their own. — Mr. C. Huskisson supported 
the amendment, using Sir R. Wilson's case 
as an illustration of the mischievous conse- 
quences of leaving with the Crown an abso- 
lute control over the army. — Mr. Hume also 
supported the amendment. He contended 
that the assumed right of cashiering was 
contrary to the spirit of the Act. — Mr. C, 
JVynn opposed the amendment; and ridi- 
culed Mr. Hume's notion, that the Crown 
did not possess the right of dismissal, be- 
cause such a right was not s]>ecifical1y re- 
cognised in the Mutiny Act.^ — A conversa- 
tion followed, in which Lord Palmerston, 
Mr. Hume, and Mr. Creevey, took part; 
and Colonel Davles's motion was rejected 
without a dinsion. 


preparations for war appear to be 
tting on the part of France ; her 
oUecting on the Lower Pyrennees is 
ed at 35,000 men, and the Chiefs 
Army of the Faith are also re-orga- 
iieir bands; for this purpose 12,000 
B, 19 pieces of artillery, and a large 
money, have been placed at the dis- 
if 0*DonuelI and Qucsada. On Sa- 
T.Mah, March i 1823. 


turday, the I5th inst. the Due d*Angouleme 
set out to take the command of the invading 
army, which, if we may credit both French 
and Spanish accounts, amounts to .90,000 : 
the advanced guard, consisting of 30,000, 
being already upon the Spanish frontiers. 
The Duke proceeds first to Perpignan, and 
thence along the Pyrennees, aud the dif- 
ferent divisions of the army, to Bayonne. 

A most violent tumult occurred in the 


of Fiat fEmpmur. At- Iwtt, the Council of State W Mtj^'ia 
> b; gaBdnrniM lUdoScan gire in iti d«»i^ OD th* pltee tu wbiab 

The oTOwd iacreiiKd, ud Rencj might U be chosen, lU 
i " into the RboDB, into dectired pb;ii«Ilj iDcsp*bIe o1 
le beard, A itrong mill- It wu aUoired op all huda, ti 

i BuddsDEy BUTTOUnd- . , . 

fpcnoiu, wbo (truck tham Soma of tLs uumben decbml tbu B-Ra- 

Tbe crowd incrBBKd, and neucj might to be chosen, lUtd the King 
" ■ "b of goraning. 
I, thit the Can~ 

1 aaiembled, nrder ititDtioiMliati iieie iacuiBble uf prarsntiiig 

d (bs offanding inditiduil tbc Frepch from Ruuing Mtdiid. Hm 
old Mioiitr; wan replw^ in offioa, ud 

SPAIN. on tile Sd intt. ligaiGed to tha Cortei Ou 

tiou of wu, tha Sponlinla King's cbuice of Seiillc, bi the pIuM of M- 

' tba molt TigoTDUt nsiat- treat. The Courtand Cortei wen toratoOW 

Latt actitltj prevail in the tbiilier on the SOth of March, 
lof Catalonie, in order to A pruclamation, ligniid Fardinud Vll., 

a and warlike placet, Miiaa has been published tbroughcwt MadrU, 

r enter Catalaiila, it will be solved upon, and that tha Spaolih Oorara- 
laibla to get luhaistence. meat will laie all poaaibia maana to oppoac 
ire no aacrificu to plue Sc tha intended *nn»loo. 
unpelun* in a reapectafale Sir Wm. AMjmrt hai communiealad to 
.The reaoliition to defend the Miaiiter of Foreiea AAiri, bia rsc^t 
cpntcitlble in all tha neat of [laTticulai orders nvm the CdwHt of 
>f the Ebro. The inhabi- Great Britain to fnllov hia Catholie Ma- 
te, eapaciaHj tha nadonil jeatj to the jibce which ihati b« r^inarai far 
ag to 3,000 men, have the aeat of Ooverameat. 
bemtelvet nndar the ruina During the lata Carairal, tha popoboa nt 
id to reduce it to aahes, Madrid, in ridicule, dreaaed up a figure ■■ 
IT the Conititutioo to be tha Duke d'AagouIanu, vtd paiwlid it 
lodified bf a foreign annj. about the ttreeta, crying, *' See tb* Petrt 
Q«neTal Mina bu nude a rapid jonrney fila of Looia — the valiant warrior who ia fo 
jShnrnk Catalonia, where be haa panooallr conquer Scajn t" The eiHilHtMn aSxdad 
jMlM •U the towns lod villages — and in muen mirtt. 

C" il ^ mala inhalntanta, &om IB to 40, PORTUGAL. 
Ttaen at maite. In the aitting of the Cortes on dtf tOth 
The King, bj hia Decree of the a7th of February, Senor Moure spoke as follows ! 
of Febnuiry, has deciiied tliat the Navy " According to tbe accou DCs just urivsd 
' ' ■■ ' mEiigl ■ ■ ■■>--■- 

tlie French Cabinet assumes a realK hostile 
ectUudc tooarvts Spain. The speech of the 

guoa; andao btigi, sloops, &c. from 10 to king at the opening of the i 

to BIOS. clear. And can we suppose that thia war. 

Before the Eitniordinary Cortes sepa- beir^- inide against principles, is not nude 

. rated, the Ministers had, in obedieace to dircitly against Portugal, when Portugal baa 

iU orders, endeavoured lo induce the King adapted [he same priuciplea, and laboura 

to BoDsent to leave Madrid for some place together with S|isin to destroy absolute 

of greater security. To thia he consent- power, and consolidate the system of a tem- 

,«d ; but desired the opinion of the Council purate Monarchy, with a Constitution and 

,of Sute might be taken, as to the place, national Rcureseotetioo ? Who can sup^Mise 

which a JunU of Oenerala had pointed out. it ? Only he who is blind, or who purpoaely 

'The Council deliYed to give the result of its shuts his eyes. It is, therefore, necessary 

deliberations fur'some days. In the mean that the true Portugues^ Patriots should 

time, however, the Miniatry were diamissed, consider, as the enemy of their Inslitu^ons, 

■inI a new one appointed, of five individu^s, and consequently of their iodependance, the 

iJvee of whom declined acceptiog office; firit French soldier who shall set his foot on 

■ml io coDsequeoce thereof, the other two, the south aide of the Pyrenees { and in this 

.who had previously expressed their witling- case it is imiierlously our duty, not oulj to 

neaa to form part of the new Ministry, gave organize the forces necessary for our de- 

gniticms. Mobs aesembled round fence, hut likewise to provide means for the 

oration of support of tlie defenders." M. Mours then 

The Ordinary Cortes moved fur milicery preparations, observing 

, decided that these that though tha <^ger seemed remote, yet 

.,__.. jnfidence, and sliould it was proper tr) think of preparing egauist 

t'lfS^ji* ''■■■■"'■eil abruptly ; which it was it. " France (said he) iouigated by an Im- 

1^9)104 fhe Ifiog wanted to do, iu order to placable fiictlon, attempts to iaccifiire in the 

MgJI ,«M. . whole Government into oonfu- iuteroal a^rsofSpainj Portofpl j[though 

'^^l^'i «i«d ^i in order to promote thia ef- -not named) is included in thia « '~ 

were receivetl here co fit the ihree 
ib'ips kt [his port, vix. the Queen 
tie, Kaniillifs, and AJblon, and put 
Dto B ititfl of full peue estthliihinent, 
nOMlhejweieio the jiew 1817- The 
r of men in tlie Queen ChurioCte will 
J he JDrrcuol from 150 to 360, with 
KiditioidlLieutetianU; anil of the twn 
illbti frum 135 to 300, with two iHl- 
1 L^eulenuiU to escll. Th>e order ii 
sd u having one of two objeet> m 
either the eieroise of the guairf-ships 

ATAtoTj to their more efBeient equip- 
ment menaced invsiion of Spain hy 

No ordaiB . 


t S73 ] 

O B I T U A A Y. 

i. * 

•oitD V18COUNT Kbith. 

Near Kincardine, Georf^e 
pbinstone, Viscount Keith, Ba- 
1 of StonebaYen-Mariscbai, co. 
ne; Baron Keitb of Banbeatb, 
Mirton ; Viscount Keitb, of the 
[ingdom ; Admiral of the Red, 
.C. and P.R.S. Secretary Cham- 
Keeper of the Si^i^net, and a 
TT of State for Scotland, to his 
and Treasurer and Comptroller 
lousebold to the Duke of Cla- 
He was fifth son of Charles El- 
e, 1 0th Baron Elphinstone, by 
ina Fleming, only daug^bter of 
irl of Wigtoun, in the Peerage 
nd) and was born in 1747* Not- 
ding the melancholy fate of an 
)th«r, George, who was lost in 
ee George in 1758, be was sta- 
in board a King's ship, and 
t an early age to contend with 
e boisterous elements^ fire, air^ 

MTvIng bis due time as a Mid- 
I be was appointed a Lieute- 
1 erent whicb forms a remark- 
eh in the life of a young sailor. 
rS he was promoteid to the rank 
er and Commander in tbe Scor- 
14 guns, in the Mediterranean, 
Lear-Admiral Sir Peter Dennis ; 
years after, viz. March 4, 1775, 
ninated Post Captain, and re- 
us Knight of the Shire for the 
of Dumbarton, in which his fa- 
sessed considerable property and 
e. In 1776 he was honoured with 
mand of the Pearl frigate of 32 
id served under Lord Howe, in 
u In 1780, he again represented 
rt County, and was one of t'ue in- 
nt Members who met at the St. 
Tavern, with a view of reccn- 
ifr. Pitt with Mr. Fox and the 
f Portland, tbe latter being at 
riod in oppositiun, and by an 
f parties forming a " broad-bot- 
ig the Colonial War, Capt. Fi- 
ne served in America, and was 
at the attack uf Mud-Island and 
town, at which time he had the 
frigate. Vice- Admiral Arbuth- 
ing shifted bis flag from the Eu- 
64 guns to the Roebuck of 44, 
ed from New York with a squa- 
' ships of war, to co-operate with 
iry Clinton in an attempt to sub- 
tbe capital of S^uth Carolina. On 
easion Capt. Elphinstone's pen- 
'. Mag. March, 189.'J. 

nant was flying iii tbo little detadiflttot 1 
and on the requisition of the GepeiU 
for some heavy eannon from tlM^ VflMtt 
the same were landed wftb « dvtadifMrtft 
of seamen under blm and GatiC. Ettim^'of 
the Raleigb. ' -^ 

In 1778 be eommwided the BiAMfetf 
of 74 guns, in the action off Bretf^ lultf 
had ten men killed, and elevisn woomiA 
on that oeeadon. 

In 1781 we find him on botM tlM 
Warwick of fifty gunt and three fai^ 
dred men. On bit patimfe down CMt* 
nel he fell in with, and captdred the 
Rotterdam, a Dntcb ship of war of 
exactly tbe same nomber of gunt and 
seamen, which bad been before inelfee- 
tually engaged by tbe liia, abo a filfcy- 
gun ship. 

In 1783 he served once more in Andj^ 
riea. Being Oh a croise off the VklXt^ 
ware, in company with the Uiin, Chf 
Vestid, and Bonnette, after a chaee oC 
several hours, he eame up with mhd d^ 
tured a large French frigate numrt 
L'AigJe, of forty guns, twentjM^M 
pounders, on the m^n deck, nnd 60b 
men, commanded by the Coant de la 
Touche I who made his eieape on tl^Bilk 
with tbe Baron de Viomiinfl, Com- 
mander-in-Chief of tbe French army in 
America, together with M. de la Mont* 
morency, the Due de Lausun, tbe Vi- 
comte de Fleury, and several other offi- 
cers of high rank. They took in tbe 
boat with them the greater part of the 
treasure whicb was on board tbe frigate, 
but two small casks and two boxes fell 
into the hands of the captors. La Gloire, 
another French frigate in company, 
made her escape by drawing less water; 
an armed merchantman called La So- 
phie, of 32 guns and 104 men, was how- 
ever taken, and two brigs destroyed ; 
while L' Aigle, proving to be an excellent 
vessel, was purchased by Government, 
and added to tbe Royal Navy. 

The termination of the war in 1783 
threw him out of employ, and be re- 
mained so for ten years. 

In 1786, he was chosen Member of 
Parliament for Sterlingsbire ; and, April 
9, 1787, married Jane, daughter and 
sole heiress of Wm. Mercer, esq. of Aldie 
in the county of Perth t who died Dec. 
13, 1789, leaving an only daughter Mar- 
garet-Mercer Elphinstone^ on whom and 
the heirs male of her body, tbe IS^Bf^isb 
and Irish baronies are settled in re- 
mainder. She was married June 13, 
1817, to Count FMnult. 



Obituary,— Lord Vtsrount Keith, 

' I 

ord Keitb was sent to Sheerness^ 
iriniend the naval preiiarations 
the mutineers, who at that time 
ily bad possession and command 
rad of his Majesty's ships at the 
Subordination having been re- 
rfaifl Lordship had for a short 
eommand in the Channel fleet, 
lovember 1798, Admiral Lord 
huisted his flag on board the 
fant of 80 guns, and sailed for 
diterranean, under the orders of 
rl of Vincent. On the I4th of 
999 be was promoted to the rank 
•Admiral of the Red. 
be morning of the 4th of May, 
hen at anchor off Cadiz, with flf- 
.il of the line, be discovered the 
fleet, which bad eluded the vigi- 
f Lord firidport, at some distance 
lward> steering for the land with 
irable gale. Notwithstanding bis 
it inferiority, the Vice-Admiral 
at^ly weighed and offered battle. 
Btirprised, however, to find, that, 
'unmindful of so favourable an 
mity, the enemy did not make 
impt to enter the bay, and join 
niards ; yet being determined to 
wherever they might steer, bis 
p cbased to windward, but at 
Jc next morning, only four sail 
». be seen, the rest having sepa' 
uring a hard gale in the night. 

pursuing these without effect, 
rned to his station, and on the 
specling that the enemy had 
the Straits, he first anchored at 
IT, and then cruised uff Cape 
»ll. Having by this time learned 
i French were at anchor in Vado 
e determined to attack them 
but Earl St. Vincent, who had 
1 intelligence that the Spaniards 
.ed a descent on Minorca, inime- 
dispatched him to the relief of 
land. In the mean time, the 

Commander reached Cartha- 
'bere he was soon after joined by 
1 Massaredo, with five ships of 
18 each, one 80, and 11 seventy- 
ogelher with the following flag- 
, viz. Gravina, Grandillana, Cor- 
Java, and Villavincencis. 
Vice-Admiral on this collected 
»le force, and proceeded in quest 
combined fleet ; but on his arri- 
Cadiz, he learned from one of his 
s, that they had sailed fur Brest 
21st of July, and on his repairing 
, found that they had entered 
rt only five hours before ! After 
ng and unsuccessful pursuit, he 
ip steered for England ; but his 
did not prove upon the whole un- 
ite« for on the Idth of June, a 

part of bis squtdr^tn, cobilttiflic i^ ibe 
Centaur, Bellona, Santa Terest* aiiA 
Emerald, captured a 40 gun ship, a fH- 
gate, and three small armed vettCJltf 
bou nd from J affa ^o Toulon. 

Towards the latter end of tbe ilnitftf 
year, we find Lord Keitb onte moi^ In 
Gibraltar, but with bis flag on board Chii 
Queen Charlotte, of 100 guns, Eart.K 
Vincent having resign^ Jfune S^y tfacr 
command of the fleet in tbe MedJtem^ 
nean to him, and returned borne. 

Early in tbe year 1800, bis Lordtiihi|>. 
proceeded to Malta, and cruised off' tw 
port of La Valetta, to intercept any 
succours that might be attempted to lie 
thrown in during tbe blockade. Iii order 
more completely to ensure successy ^ 
ordered Lord Nelson to cruize to wiifd^ 
ward with tbree sail of tbe line, wbile be 
himself remained witb tbe flag-sbip and 
a small squadron at tbe mouth of tbe 
harbour. This judicious arrangement 
produced tbe capture of Le Genereux off 
74 guns, carrying tbe flag of RearAd*- 
miral Perr^e, and having a nomber of 
troops on board for tbe relief of thA 
place, together witb a large store^biji* 

In Marcb, Lord Keitb issued a pro- 
clamatipn, declaring tbe ports of Ton- 
Ion, Marseilles, Nice, &c. in a state of 
blockade i and being now determined to 
seiae on the island of Cabrera, tbeo inpit^ 
session of tbe French, as a proper puee 
for refreshing bis men, be detached Cap- 
tain Todd with the Queen Charlotte for 
that purpose ; but when within sight of 
Leghorn, March 17) the same year, where 
his Lordship then was, that noble vessel 
was discovered to be on fire, and soon 
after perished in her own flames. 

After this, the Audacious first, and 
then the Minotaur, received the Vice- 
Admiral's flag, and he proceeded witb 
the latter of these to Genoa, in order to 
co-operate with the Austrians, who were 
at that time besieging it. He not only 
bombarded the city repeatedly, but car- 
ried off the principal galley in the port. 

Jan. 1, 1801, Lord Keith was pro- 
moted to be Admiral of the Blue, and he 
this year commanded in the Foudroyant 
the naval force employed against tbe 
French on the coast of Egypt ; and on 
the surrender of the enemy's army there, 
his Lordship was created, Dec. 5, 1801, 
a Peer of Great Britain (by the title of 
Baron Keith of Banheath, co. Dumbar- 
ton), received the thanks of both Houses 
of Parliament, and was presented by the 
City of London with a sword of 100 gui- 
neas value. His services in C)gypt were 
thus noticed in General (aftetwards Lord) 
Hutchinson*s Dispatches: 

**Duritig the course of toe long ser- 
vice on which we have been engaged. 


OBnvA%rj-'^. ^ thf^ii-^, F. EmUi, &q. 


in IrehiiMiy for tbe ImI 
» We need bat refer our reed- 
Ike EcdetUstiod Register, for 
■t honourable confirmation of 
9 ftdrance. Tbe life of such a 
ill not be witbbeld from poste- 
d to tbe more durable page of 
bic history, we yield those de- 
» which our brief limits cannot 
appropriate justice. He was a 
, sealotts, and orthodox diriiie— » 
Msljy and bold in the expression 
irinciples and the exercise of his 
d important duties ; and his de- 
t the present moment, is most 
itly aggravated by a sense of tlie 
r dangers which threaten that 
ibment, of which he was not only 
be brightest ornaments, but most 
d oealous defenders. It will not 
weak or unbonouring ditbas to 
iraeter of this good, pious, and 
1 Prelate, to add, that he was 
. more than ordinary esteem by 
te Majesties. 

remains of his Lordship were, 
lofttentatiotts privacy, by his own 
deposited in the same vault with 
FoGOcke, in Ardbraccan Church- 
•B Wednesday morning, the 19tb 
The Funeral Serroon was preach- 
the Hon. and Rev. Mr. Packen- 

poor of the neighbourhood of 
ccan, have tost the kindest and 
Bficient benefactor. 

foHN Philip Kemble, Esq. 
36. At Lausanne, aged 6*6, John 
Kemble, esq. tbe first Tragedian 
times, and brother to the cele- 
actress Mrs. Siddons. 
following particulars of his death 
ntained in a Letter from that 
of tbe 28th : 

I Monday, the 24th, Mr. Kemble 
pparently quite well, but shortly 
reakfast, was observed to totter 
gait. Getting worse, his friend 
lysician Dr. Scboie was sent for, 
jud him exhibiting very unfavour- 
mptoms — bis left side had suflfer- 
ecided attack, and he could with 
ty articulate. Dr. Scboie, with 
iistance of his old-attached ser- 
icorge, helped hira to his bed, 
the act of cunductiiig him there, 
id attack touk place, so suddenly, 
is clothes were obliged to be cut 
r, that he might be more speedily 
}d. A third attack, 48 hours af- 
i first, proved fatal. Mr. Kemble 
lagined that the climate of Italy 
prove beneficial to his health j 
laving arrived in Rome three 
I since, under unfavourable cir- 

QOmttaMM 9t tlM MMMIfr If 

wotte and wotm, to that tlw ligMi^ 
physician, Dr. ClariM, hmriid Un mmtf 
to return to LausanMy when b« Imm 
been comparatively will. Hit occapft- 
tions beie were hit boMi and hit gir* 
den ; tbe latter wit hit pradiltetloa ; 
and it wat retorted to by him with th« 
first rays of the Sun, and kept la a ttnta 
of cultlvatiim rarely to bt taipmed.*' 

He wat the eldett too of Ifv. Kogtr 
Kemble, who, at tbe tinio of hit bfarC^ 
wat Manager of a Conpanjr of €tmu 
diant in Laneathurt, and tooM of the 
neighoaring countiet. He wat bora at 
Prescot in Loncathirty Feb, 1^ ITiTt 
and received the rodimentt of Ititton at 
the celdirated Romiio Catholic 8Mii- 
naiy of Sedgeley Pwk, In Staflbidihifo; 
and here nade to rapid a progreta In Ua 
ttndiet, and gave proofs of a tatte for 
Literature §o oncomoMin at hit ma^ 
age, that hit father wat iadneed to aaAd 
him to the Univertlty of Douay, for tha 
advantage of an edueation that Alglit 
qualify hioi for one of the loaraed pco* 
fettioni. Whiltt at College, he wat al- 
ready dittinguished for that talent of 
elocution, which afterwards raited bin to 
unrivalled eminence in the dalivofjof 
the eompotitioot of our immortal Shakt- 
peare. Having gone through hit aeadt* 
mical courte with moch repotatMNi* Jfr. 
Kemble returned to Eogiand, tmi, ft^ 
ferring the ttage to every other purM^, 
performed at Liverpool, York, and Edin- 

Of his merit or success as an actor, aC 
that period, we have not heard i but his 
mind seems to have been always full of 
his profession; for, while at Liverpool, 
he produced a tragedy on the story of 
Belisarius, which recommended him to 
tbe notice of Mrs. Dobson, author of the 
''Life of Petrarch,*' to whom he in- 
scribed a poem, entitled **Tbe Palace 
of Mersey." At York, he brought on 
the stage an alteration of '*The New 
Way to pay Old Debts," and also of 
« The Comedy of Errors," named in the 
alteration ** Oh ! It's impossible !" He, 
about tbe same time, published a small 
collection of verses, under the title of 
" Fugitive Pieces •.'• They were Juve- 
nile productions, with which we have 
been told, he was so much discontented 
when he saw them in print, that, the 
very day after their publication, he de- 
stroyed every copy of them that he could 
recover from the publisher, or elsewhere; 

* See a specimen of this Collection in 
our Poetry of March 1783, being an 
'* Occasional Prologue to the Foundling, 
acted at York, for the benefit of the Lu- 
natic Asylum." 


Obituaat.-— /oAr , FhiUp^ Kemble, J 


of Maoager of Drury Lane Tbe- 
lilt 'abordy ^^f resumed, and 
|ill tbe end of the season 1800-1. 

lie Tisited tbe Continenty for tbe 
purpose of studying^ tbe Frencb 
knisb Stages, and of employing^, 
tinprovement of our own Tbea- 
itever be migbt find wortby of 
n among tbe foreign professors 
eeuic art After passing a twelve- 
at Paris and Madrid, with very 
i|; marks of consideration In 
loAe capitals, be returned borne. 

purchased a sixtb part of tbe 
f of Covent Garden patent, &c. be 

Manager of tbat Theatre; and 
d4tb of September, for tbe first 
ppeared on these boards in bis 
te character of Hamlet. Here be 
ted bis career with eminent suc- 
tb as a manager and a performec, 
809, when the tremendous fire 
lat, which destroyed the theatre, 
sing of the present noble edifice, 

IP. riot of 1809, his taking 
f the Edinburgh audience in tbe 

Macbeth in March 1817, his fi- 
irement from the Stage on the 
Jane in the same year, and tbe 
cent public dinner and other bo- 
lestowed on him in commemora- 
tbat event, are of so recent oc- 
e, tbat detail would be tedious, 
ombined in an eminent degree 
^ical and mental requisites for 
lest rank in bis profession *, To 
! form and classical and expres- 
jntenancp, he added the advan- 
f a sound judgment, indefatiga- 
istry, and an ardent love and de- 
mius fur the art of which he was 
iguished an ornament. He pus- 
lesides, what we have always re^ 
as an essential characteristic of 
ate tragic actor, an air of intel- 
superiuriiy, and a peculiarity of 
' and appearance, which impress- 
pectatur at the first glance, with 
viction that he was not of the 

common men. His voice was 
e in the undertones necessary 
loquies ; but in declamation it 
ong and efficient ; and in tones 
mcholy indescribably touching. 
iic was ever heard which could 
evive the tale of past times. It 
>ed one of the most exquisite beau- 
bis performances, tbat a single 

frequently recalled to the mind 
[)le history." His groupings, his 
ions, all his arrangements, while 

e character of Mr. Kemble was 
awn by Mr. John Taylor, in his 
ntitled ''The Stage." See our 
Number, p. 258. 

tbey were in the b^fbeit defiM cpndvh 
civ« to tbe»tricd dRc^y'^^Tit^^A 
ebatte and lirfee froitt |fM toad wM» 
pompousness, that tbey appeaared ratbvr 
historical than draibiticy and niglit 
have been safely thrown upon the can^ 
vas by the Painter almost wltboat alter» 
at ion. 

In private life, we can affirm htw^n 
scholar and a gentleman— nnot Ukui <^^ 
greve, however^ ashamed of liis profea* 
sion. He was polite and m»araaiii^.i| 
his manners ; equally willing to atfMd 
to any suggestion for the improvenwbiit 
of tbe Drama from tbe bumblait as frMn 
tbe highest sources ; and nevsir eshlMt- 
ing, in bis manner, tbat he was ewi- 
scioos of bis own roaster-judfttent. One 
peculiarity of Mr. Kemble deserves tof be 
particularly noticed— >his rererentlal aad 
impressive tone, when naming the SSi- 
preme in private conversation^ which bk 
was accustomed to make .more narfcf^ 
by uncovering bis bead, or tome otiMr 
acknowledgment of his own hamilll|r^ 
and of his respect. 

Whether on or off the Stage, Mr. Kenr 
hie never lost sight of bis prollssiiocK 
While performing, he was ever «tten<» 
tive to tbe minutest circumstance, wIm»- 
ther relating to his own part, or to the 
sentiments expressed by others mhowatf 
be concerned in the sotiie rwhen off ffle 
Stage, be was diligently engafed Iq ttiii 
pursuit of whatever was eonneeted-wftfii 
the history or illustration of his art. fle 
therefore, at a prodigious expence, made 
an unrivalled collection of the. dramatic 
works of British genius, and of books 
relative to the history of the Stage ; and 
during the long period of his manage- 
ment in the two Winter Theatres, tbe 
public were indebted to his researches 
into our antient Drama for the revival 
of many pieces of acknowledged merit, 
which had been long neglected and al- 
most forgotten ; but which his very ju- 
dicious alterations contributed to re- 
store to their merited popularity, 

Mr. Kemble early commenced his ca- 
reer as a dramatic writer, but bis powers 
of original composition he afterwards 
neglected, and consented himself with 
altering and adapting for the modern 
Stage pieces that had been popular, par- 
ticularly those of Shakspeare. The fol- 
lowing list contains all (we believe) that 
have been attributed to, or acknowledged 
by him : — 

1. Belisarius, Tragedy, acted at Hull, 
1778, not printed.—2. The Female Offi- 
cer, Farce, acted at York, 1779. Alter- 
ed, and under tbe title of '*Tbe Pro- 
jector," performed at Drury Lane, 1786, 
n. p. — 3. Oh 1 it's impossible ! Comedy, 
1780, n. p. See Europ. Mag. vol. IV, 

p. 335. 

^ Osi«UAXv.^^iw.S.S.C««]Kr,».iJ,«w*iuU,j&J>, 

Hi ■lNi " «»^'f "" il 11*1 r jrri- UMBtioMl. 

IHM AKonlcr mt Bumlwy, aud at nrcraUiiw I 

jfci. Jmitim in the Court at Judi- IT91| 4tii. 

h£$ Bvofalt (ituaiioaa wliicb be EMahlhbmi 

•M sn«[ bunuui tu hiaiwlF and and Sijidiefi 

Mi)^ ,tu bit couutry. On bU re- vicm," 180 

I IkjUnil. bn -n —]-■■-■ ■■' the Ricbt Agricultun 
ffn^ $tuic«» Bouriie aa Cb&irc 
MCMmySeiiloui. Sir Job u 
Mwriwl, and hai left a Urge 

F«». S. At tb< 

CorjNu Cbriiii C 
8&tb year, Jabn i 
of tbat CuUeK*, 
and Bccbrouke, 
abuut 50 ytan ai 

■Mrred ai SunMbam. 

». EowtBD Spsncer Cowfer. 

I, At Nice, wbrrt ba hail (tone 
incont; uf hU bealth, aged 44, . 

M,£d»ard Speneer C«.p«r, bit^ Cullena, •ban be 
# fmeat «id laie Earla Cow- J*. IT6J ; B. U. 
li.*«M W aon Of Ge<.,Be-Na5.-u. M'X.S. 1733 , an 
<b by Anne, dau^ter of Fr.i.cia Pre..d«ut «l hu C 
■M. of Soa(bampl«n ; wm burn ^"t <>' U" t*"" 
t mSi married. May S3. 1B03, ?" P™""'^ ""y 
ita«. youiiB«t riauKblBf d Thua. J^^o^ "1""^ 

FhiUipa, eiq- <>' Gareiidon PaH(, 
iietaier. He wai foraieriy M. P. 

Sir J. Daahwoud, 
brooks. H« wu 
ibe Fatbm of tb 

I; IMD Rev. H. Bucknall, D. D. 
.SO. At Eicbmand, aged 71, the 

Md Rev. Hubattle Bucknall, D.D. ,.^.„ 

■in in urdiiiary to bis Uajeaiy, and tiyg „r iboae <ild« 
• of Fcbmarih and High Halatow, praiaed, bat tebli 

true to hii Kiuy. 
duet genaTDUi au 
Tien senile tboui 

Ue was (be third i 
eient Eitrl of Vecula 
ipril 14, 1733; and v 

n of Jai 
id uncle of 

I. He was 
iS cducaied 

Cuuke a 

I tt 
s for this C 

1 then 

i: Pfi 

ig the love of the poor, 
e, wiiiTii j,„j gaining ihe reapect uf the rich, be 
774. ill pruved ibat an upright aud attentive 
living of Magiiirate it a bletsing to all around. 
■sq.j and gy (,;, Jeg(h^ the Univereily bw lutt 
:biuarsh, „,^g ^f |,er mutt lulid oroanwaU, ibi 

pour a tteady fiiend, and the countljr a 

firm tupporL 

(Tof Bucknall 

DM. AND Rev, J. A. Cochrane. 

. and R«v. James Athull Coubcaiie, 

3S yean Vicar uf ManReid, cti. 

being pnHCiiIed in I78tl by hia 
(ajetly, whu alsu, in Aug. i:93, 
(ed biin lolhe Vicarapeuf Lon- 

Rev. John Bartlah, H.A. 
The late Rev. Jubii Bartlani wu born 
al Alcetier, Warwick.hire. in July 1770. 
Hit loaitirnal aiiceilon were mensbenof 
tbe Church u( England; Lia paternal, 
down to hii f^randfather, belonifed to 
Ihe Church uf Rome ; bia falber, with a 
well-euliivaied uiideniaiiding and pa- 
j, Northumberland. He was ihu litbed dianiien, waa admitted tci an 
ild and 5[h sun uf Thumat, late rarly intimacy with tbe late Marquit of 
f Dundunaid, broihcr lu ihe pre- Herlfurd, by wbuae klndneia be was ap- 
iarl and Sir Alexander Purretler pulnled first to aniilitary.andaflerwariU 
Cochrane, G.C.B. Admiral uf tbe lu a civil employmeiil. While he was 
nd uncle tu ihe celebrated Lord pursuing hii favourite amuaement of 
uie. He married Mist Mary fitbiiig, in an arm ul the (ea, nearOr- 
wn, but by ber bad nu itsue. He lord in Suffolk, the boat was luddenty 
wmerly Chaplain tu the 8Sd regt. overset, and be naa dnwped within tba 
; and published " A Plan for re- sitiht of bis villa, leaving behind him a 
Ig Ibe Britiah Army,'' 1779, 4tu. wile and three aoni. After tbe deeeiae 
^u conceruiiig the proper COD- of ber beloved bosband, HN>But|wn 
T. Mao. Abirck, 1833. fltii 


1 DBA-ui^r.-^JCOr^Mn ifAMMfl' Mt 

MMW iJH-lBrintMOr. ShM- eilkd t«- A* 'nMA WAi'iokMHwa 

^ ^ ' iMlUtirBl pM«>CI ta HdIVMF' hV'ii-.'. 

••VintBttentoPlrAfldMaiiiKfii *"'' 

W« of hi. mlnJ. he .» M to , J'V''Ji*r*^''5 ^^''i?!^ 

■o aniiable, ud & fritnJ ifi Utilal,-^ 

Vmninfuit Mod Tiitoiiuy mi- 
ttoot thvernineni, b« «m ■ 
Arcteat* for CorillllDtionil Li' 
UV \iy lbs Dmtunl inloiir and 

a of bii mind, he ■>«* ltd 

rill cbampioii in the iierfd 

fttthirmtiiin. WbcmoTer fa« di»- 
IdteBsetumt or moral exeellcnea, 
S Uid fail bean led bim to do bo- 
tlAtepoueaaon ; nor did he atop 
We^wbMher (hey were Humou- 
■r Uitiutiani, EplKopaliaiii or 
jbCopaliani, Lutberam or C>)- 
' PrMeitanti or RumaniiK. At 
IM thae, be wai moit lineerely 
an ulteetiunatel)' attached to the 
tt and honour oF the Eitabliihed 
1. By the adrlre, and awarding 
f phetice of hi) Freeeptni 


Thit •xeellcnt mai 
of an apoplriY, Tbun 
•ai iiiierred in tb* ( 
on Friday, tb* Tib of 
vault wiih bii lata m 
ben. Hit funeral wi 
f rcat lolePiDiiy, and 
accompwiled to tba 
ther tba Precentor i 
Hod. Mr. Eaidlw 

Mtatlve diicuuloni UDon (be me- «."•"«>. "V ."'• 

of CI 

Mitatlve diicuBiloni upon (be 
'ttMtCburch in doeirine* or ai>- 
j~hM bli InJignatlon klndlrd 
tiroae doctrinal or that dlidplln* 
Mailed by vulgar raillery or tea- 
'Hruleoce. In (be dlichar^ of 
jtotal dutiei, be nai moat eiem< 
'He wai ever ready to relieve 
int* of hii psrtibianen, to heal 
Kipotet, tu enligbten their ander- 
ifH and encourage their virtue*. 
M ftw haman beinp have paiaed 
IM cradle tn the grave with leu 
ance, from the soreiie^b of va- 

. , I 

JuhuKone, aad by 
(eutleman and elats] 
baurbood of AJeaMai. 


■/at. 10. AtSnD«a,la ihi.lTtk'Mic 
of hit ■g>,afteratauaBdnmn«|BMlo»t 
■ttdorad wilbiMwh pattao* vd THlgB*|lM^ 

the Rev. n (if rfilfi r. Itiiillil lltiiil<»M. 

btt«ly •( dia abon pkn I 1m 1m l^t tft 
lament aadfatl U* loM, batUM ■ 

iont of «nvy. Unlike Cara^ 
the AdvBiiiurer, No, IH2), "v 
nown (0 every man, but t>y no n 
d," Barilam, whether ^ing lo 
lary or the banquet, was gree 
L imiU on every vouiKeiiaticc, i 
a be passed < 

ii happiii. 

, Long, indeed, 
e be remeuitiered wiib caieem, af- 
n, and gratitude, by the inhibit- 
or Atce«Ier, Sludley, Beoly, and 
neighbiiu ring parishes. Frum tlie 
farquis uf Hertford be received oc 
<a1 acts of caurt.'iv, nnd there is 
1 to believe tbat 'he »uuld liave 
honoured with patronage Trooi tbe 
at Marquis, who diseerued elearly, 
•timaled Juiily, liis solid merits as 

iiened,diligeni, and faithful Ten^'h- 
Rrligion. Tbe sweetness oF bit 
tr, and the vivacity i>f hit couver- 
I, procured fur hiiu many well- 
laiiy admire 

1 uf s. 

iety. Banian 

rdinary luiercourse wiih tbe world of liioiu. 
iDtffectiog, unatauming, undeii^' 
Od ill dumutic life h« ufuu re- 

Jan-M. AK»l7£.dMBaT.Mn^Hirr, 
is iea» putoi at the Indepeadaiit CbwNI 
It Newbuiy, Berks. 

Jan. as. Tbe Rev. H'. Mead, Miniitw 
uf St. MvT-le-bou Fincbid Cbapal, aod 
Rector of DuDiUbte.Bedfbrdshire. He ■•• 
of St. Maiy-i Hall, Oifbrd, when be took 
liiidegreeofM.A.JuDOO, 17S1. In l|M 
be Hu presCDted to lbs Rectoiy of Donib- 
ble hy the Lord Cbsucellor. Ha waa an 
agreeable mail, and so useful Migiitrata bt 
the conDty of Bedford. 

Feb. 7. At Abbot's Worthy, wd 76, 
tba Rev. Fnmcu IV. Siamloii, B.CX. 4* 
yain Rector of Slntcon All Saiati, beihg 
preiented to it in 1779 W Neir CoUega, 
OxFbtd, of which he m brmerly Felbw, 
and where be took hit degree of B.CX. Oct. 
16, 1773. He wu likewise ■ JusCica oftha 
Peace fiir tba ounntj oF HuU. 

Afar. 3. At GiffordVhall, afed S8, iIm 
Rev. aims Momy, for S3 yean ChlfAJtl' to 
the ancient Catholic funily of Maaam^ 

Mar. G. Afsd 6%, tbe Rev. Charkt OOrd- 
ner, LL.H. llector of Stoke Hammcod, 
Bucks. He was of Edmond-hall, Odbrd, 
where he louk his degree of D.C.L. Nov. \b, 
1791. lu 178S he was presented tn ihe 
rectory of Stoke Hammond hy the BMbep 

» Od. 8 Lib. II. 



fin. Knox, of tht Greiia<Mi: (>MW4i» 

87f Edwurd Bedwell, esq. foroMfly 
k^potjwdijrwd. mitehiUJ. 
TlS. At Cambenrell, 74» Mr.AJjSi^ 
iMHl^^f.Vt of the ffuit India Houm. 
l^^.A^tfat lipiiae of Her ton-iyi- 
'^ vfiwL Jirad-^Iace East, New-road* 
I "'1, aged 82, Mrs. Stileft» of 
H^ Brixton. 

DMt»X«ie!it.-Col. Doveton* 
Pi'ckeraig*8, Stepney-sq, aged 69, 
!]^mT««dale, Ute Commander of 
ipij'a packet Princess Elizabeth, on 
I^BfiitK station. 

!& 18. In Berkeley-sq. George N« 
y|. etq. by whose death many of our 
RmentB rounded for charitable pur> 
pit promoting habits of industry among 
fir classes of society, and instructing 
1 their moral and relis^ious duties, 
4(^fili^, a loss in one o^ their most 
ad aetive members, 
mrby-st. Westminster, Hen. Gunnell, 
ncipal Oerk in the Private Bill Of- 
d 50 years one of the Clerks of the 
pif Commons. 

^,f 0. In her 84th year, Anna, widow 
baad Hitchcock, esq. and last survir- 
gfater of Wm. Glascock, esq. of Has- 

js 75th year, the Right Hon. Gen. 
K Be<^th, G. C. B. Colonel of the 
iffiment of foot. An account of this 
Veteran will appear in our next. 
PORDSHIRE. — At Harold House, T. 
f Esq. 

KSHIRE. — March 10. At Reading, in 
h year, Richard Maul, esq. 

BRiDGESHiRE. — At Chestcrton, . 

9sq. J father of the Bishop of Bristol. 
10. At Cambridge, aged 67, Mr. I. 
une, Attorney-at-law, formerly of 

SHIRE. — Feb, 10. At Chester, the re- 
late B. Middleton, D.D. formerly of 

[BERLAND. — J. Williams, esq. of Par- 
D which village he endowed a school 
;ructing 40 scholars. 
BYSHiRE. — Feb, 6. At Bilport, 42, 
>hn Earp, jun. son of Mr. John Earp, 
pton, CO. Leicester ; who died on the 
eb^ (see p. 286'.) 

'CiNSHiRE. — Feb. 14. At Buckland 
, 31 , Mary, wife of W. J. Clark, esq. 
'(sh 1. At Bideford, at the house of 
n-in-Iaw, Admiral Cochet, aged 75, 
^vM|s, widow of the late Mr. Evans, 

rcA 9. At Sydenham, aged 8, Henry 
mly son of J. H. Tremayne, esq. M.P. 
tch 10. At Teignmouth, aged 19, 
/illiam Hearsey. 
Plymouth Dock, Capt. Prickett, sen. 




Fhb. IM fit BiildjpOrt, If » 
of the laftfi j3ami^jln|M«, Goltooca|r . 
cue, Exiileff, and Mft m/w hte^I 
Payne, ItNjtarofWqrhBOiitlimdWjkaJ 

Fa. S7. At Froma Homey 9ffiB»^\ 
eluilas Giwld £«s^.eldB^ . Wmlk of 1 
fiui% in th<^ ecmtyt aqijibrotbn I 
Conittev of Sfcraffofd... 

FA, 99, AtherWodMr^ayH^ 

Bomrton, Bin* Nevtniy Ulp.ol 

DuRHAii.-*jF)B&. 5. At & 

shop WeatmoBth, Elizi^olii* ,y^\ 

Yaptoa Mowbraj, at^. oC Yaptps Bai^' 

Sussax* , ., . ^ ,« ."i 

EssBX^— MaivA s. At RoUa Pai^y .uM«r 

Chigweil, SI. WUliam Bmmf^m^/^il 

Brasenose ColWe, Qifioid,iOnlT aim, .of 4«K 

miral Sir Eliab Hvvey, K.C3. and M JPUbf. 

Essex. ■■ .A- ■ 

At Walthamstow, 90, John BeflflA ««•% >,. 

Mareh 5. Aged (g8> John Bfiiait^.ipi^ 

ofLonghton. ' •^h<\ ' 

March 10, At Gwyane Houw, WoodM 

Bridge, 77, Henry Bunne»ter» eaq. 

Mardi 16, At Watt Ham> »4t.-Tb(m^ 
Blunt, Esq. of ComhilL . . , . .jj^ti 

ATonA 17. At Nettetwall B«ot99« jpftif 
Harlowy 78, Amelia, relid ol I^mj. niipr||p[ 
Walker, Rector of Cosgrova, N< 
shire, and of ShilUnjeford, jBadka*..^ • ■. ^ 

Mareh 18. At Aui^ird IjoAgm, 
83, Angalo, yoimgeit aorTi 
Tastet, etq. » .-^a 

Gloucestbrshirx. — Sarah, S.ddau. pila(f 
S. Sheppard, esq. of Minchinhamptop-park. 
At Tockingtou, Mary, relict of late Henry 
Tahourdin, esq. 

At Wellington-place, the relict of late 
Mr. John Rudhall, many years prcmrietor ^f 
Felix Fartpy*s Journal^ and dau. of the Rev. 
Thomas Broughton, Vicar of Bedminater, 
St. Mary RedcliflF, &c. 

In her 2dd year, Elizabeth Foitec, dan. 
of the Rev. James Gough, late of Bristol- 
Jan. 18. At the Hotwells, Mrs* Judith 
Barry, aged 80 ; and on the 28d, bff ailter, 
Mrs. Cauiarine Barry, aged 90. Th^ wf|a 
aunts to the late, and great-avmte te. die 
present Lord Doneraile, and were jn.jOt^r 
instances nobly related. In the year,;|81S 
loth of them underwent the oper/»tfqp,jpf 
couching, and retained their sight to thi^ last. 
Feb, 11. In Berkeley-sq, Bri«tol^,M[f^ 
garet, wife of Andrew Drummond, .fi9t^..^ ■ 

Same day, Capt. J. Bullpin, ■ upwaar^A f^i^i^^ 
years a master in the West India tnile of 
Bristc^. .1 

Feb. 21. Aged 93 years, James We^kes, 
esq. solicitor, of Bristol. 

March 4. Aged 97, Jas. Meoh lys^nt^ 
ant, of Bristol ; formerly a draper a^Xi;^^- 

March 9. At Cheltenham, 68, Mrs. So9M, 
of Chigwell, Essex, relict <^ tha Ifla W. 

Scott, esq. of Au8i.ttn Friars* ,r. .« .tr/V 


Bill 0/ ilforla%/^KprlNllfr «re.-<!bfNil Sham. 


John V. Sharp, B. N« son ofMr.. IilMd, Whpam lUwdi^ Tb^vtMli^ 

tenMnt » miM ^ a taUit<Ui| 
memory hj hk nw w m i tm «iii kro|||^.^ 
c«vi»at ■ 'TTf^ ttitiiwmy nf |Im) Wjhf 
apect ihay enttrteiaW fpfona ulio kWaM 
bchiad lum tha • dianolMC •«£ <«*-Mna^ 
niapd and meritonooa oifioar. , \ a 

WWIam TalKMfdia Whita, aa»ll!r)S! 
John White, formerly a£ Tlait Miogt, Wi 
of Selbong*, Hanta. , , .|; 

iharp, of London Bridffe. 
L Palcntta, Lieut. Wm. Han. Whittle, 
[^. td. ton ^f late Rev. JSdv. Whittle, 

of T«ffDnt Eviaa. 
J. 14. At Cuddalore, C. T. Bootth, 
1^^ in hit Danish Majeity's Ci?U Ser- 

(ifati. Ih . On board the BeruricksJuref on 
a* paasage from Canton, aged 9S, Mr. 
PUP F^ter, third Offiear of that ship, 

BILL OF MORTALITY, from Feb. 19, to March t6» iSftS. 

I*. I 

in< iChiiilened. 

Wliereof have died under two yean old 
ii.t Salt $s, per bushel ; l^d. per pound. 



Males - 1145-1 
Females- 1098 J 

« and 5 tl7 
6 and 10 M 
10 and 20 58 
80 and 30 140 
80 and 40 168 
40 and 50 816 

60 aM -^NIiftM 
(SOttd TOtiS 
raaiid 404K>7 
80 and 90 M 
90 aal lOO* .14 
lOOandlor 8 

.'OENERAL AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which gofems Importatioto, ^ 

from the Returns ending March 15. 

#. d, 

47 8 





«. tf. 

1. d 

a. tf. 

<• 4. 

82 5 

20 7 

88 4 

87 5 

a. dl 

88 5 

1. ■.. 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, March 84, SSs. to 40f. 
AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, March 19, 87a. Ifd. par ewt. 


nUBags S/. Os. to 4/. 6s. Farnham Pockets €L Os, to 7L IBs^ 

lasex I)itto ll. 185. to 2/. 55. Kent Ditto ! 2^ 6s, to 5Z. IQ^ 

Barlings ll. lOs. to 2Z. 55. Sussex Ditto 2L 5#. to 5tL 18s. 

Id ditto .^ Ol. 05. to OZ. 05. Essex Ditto 2^ 55. to 4/. Os. 


p James's, Hay 4/. 45. Od. Straw 3^ 05. Od. Clover 4/. 45. Od, — ^Whitechapel, Hay 4^ Ofti Od. 
tiidt 91. 1 85. od. Clover 4/. 1 55. — Smithfield, Hay 4/. 55. Straw 2Z. 1 45. Od. Qorer 4i, t Os. 

SMITHFIELD, March 24. To sink the OflPal->per atone of 8lbs. 

lef 35. 4d. to 45. 

ntton 45. Od. to 45. 

Ul 45. 4d. to 55. 

ftk 35. 8d. to 45. 

6d. Lamb 05. Od. to Of. Od. 

6d. Head of Cattle at Market March 84 : 

6d. Beasts 2,599 CaKea H98. 

8d. Sheep 15,890 Pigs ^0. 

^AI^, March 21 : Newcastle, 385. 6d. to 465. 6d. — Sunderland, 465. Od. to Oa. 0|i 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 42*. Od. Yellow Russia Os. Od. 

^Af, Yelk>w745. Mottled 825. Curd 865.— CANDLES, 85. 6d. perDoz. MouldalJOs.Odl 

£■ " ' ' ' ■ SSSSSSSBBS. 

THE PRICES of Navigable Canal Shares, Dock Stocks, Watbr Worxs^ Fht8 
irt^AiiNCE, and Gas Light Shares, (in March, 1823, to the 85th), at the Office of Mr. 
I klaniB, successor to the late Mr. Scott, 88, New Bri^^e-^treet, Bbckfrisi% Lofe* 
D^^-^^}rand Trunk Canal, 2000L Div. 75^. per anntun.-— Coventry Canal, 10501* 

L per annum. — ^Birmingham Canal, 610. Div. 242. per annum.— >Neath, S90^'--Siiian- 
h 190/. — ^Monmouth, 169/. — Grand Junction, 240/. Div. 10/. per annnm^— IMhiielMttM'> 

^lon, and Bury Canal, 100/. Div. 5/. per annum. — Old Union Canal, 78/* ex Div. -8(1 — 
wAidale, 65/. — ^Ellesmere, 62/. — Regent's, 42/.— ^vem and Wye Railway and Cuiil, 
L 10s. — ^Lancaster, 28/. with Div. XL — ^Worcester and Birmingham, 80/. ex DW, 1/^*^ 
ilta and Berks, 5/. 105. — ^Kennet and Avon, 20/. lOs. — West ImliaDock, Stodi, 1802. — 
■Mte Dock Slock, 106/.-— Globe Assimtnce, lSd/.—AtUa Ditto, 6L 55.— East Londm 
Mer Werks, 110/.~Westminster Oas light and Coke ConMBji'68/ir— Bath OaaL%ht 
Ito,'l6/. 55.— Waterloo Bridge OklAimuitias,Sl2.10i. * 


iGtiginal Cotnmuni cation^. 
ConaiuraiiDXNCEj — Queiiloiu, & 
HMmen of [Lb Eiquimaux Indiar 
.«f the Lord of Hoi 



men buried abrijsd.— Dr. Hutton it. 

tof DotchcBMr Charcli, Oxon S97 

FLMhom Hoxtse, vo. Lungastcr CSS 

t of the Spanish liull-lights 9<)9 

rinirtoD defended, 303. 'Anioi Green sot' 

• on Debts due to the Crown S04 

Seali <rf St. Muj-le-Bow, Wulver- 

JOf Maidea Bndle y.&ctlescribcd .S 05 ,3 ON 
■or, No.XlV.--Dt.Allil»n<l'sFe»sl30fi 
tee. No. X.— Bp.Cnrbet's l'aems...a08 

■r of Lincoln Cathedral Schools 309 

MuUbiKC; of Natinnal Grandeur U: 

uid 1,'t'iliW of Coats of Arms 31a 

iosilion of^Mermaida cjposcd 314 

; of St. Olave Cliurch, London ai5 

* on the Ori^n of Slonehenge 317 

I on tbe History of Lancashire HSO 

fStaadish, 3ei.~Botaaical Words 3i2 
of a Mldshipmui in Mediterranean 333 
of Lord Leigh. — Iiawieli l'riory...saf; 
;aret. — Engliahmcn buried at Venice 388 ' 
nbellished with a View of DoBCJir.STER 

ntbitM af jStw VuMfcattau^. 

Cabnm'a Decoiiption of tba Ruiiu of '.n 

■ntiait Cttjrin Spuuih Amenoa .'.•! 

Bmd'a HUtory V ^t wd Wat Ldm....J 

Crabb't Technological Dictionary S 

D'lsnali't Curiosities of LlleratBre a 

Turner's ArcbilectunJ Antiq- of NonnaadjSSS 

K«lrospeetive Review, No. XI 33 

On the real State of the Nation 33 

] «tter to Broughun on his Durham Speech 34 . 

Fosbroke'a Encjcli^Hcdis. of Antiquities 343 

Christian's Duty, 343 .-On the Lonl'sPr>jer344 
Sabbath a.>ioDg'tbe Hountains.-l«.bella....345 

Miscellaneous Renews of New Works 346 

LiTEHARlc INTELL1G£KCE.-Repart respecting 
the Library of his lata Majesty, &c....... ..347 

Select IVitTRV 3M 

l^i^iorical CbronitU. 

Foreign Netts, Sfil .--Domestic Occnrrenoes 364 
PTomo^ns, &c— Births and Muriaget.....SS6 
Obitusbv; widi Memoirs of Earl of St. Vin- 
rent; Earl of AUbotouKh ; Lord Aahbnr- 
ton 1 Sir G. Beckwith ; Couotess of RoM- 

beiry; ConntOTs of D jsart, &e. &c SB 

Bill of Mortulity^PricH of Maiketi 3B3| 

Meteorological Tibls. — Prices of StoeIit...394l 
It Cjiurch, OkOn : and Representatiana of . 


id E«IT and West Loo». 

By S Y L V A N U S U II B A N, Gei 

■.d by Joiiu Nic 

Son, at Ciceho's Head, IS, Ft^imcnt Street, Wi 
to the Editor va requested to be tent. Post- 

oi»r C.' 



Mas-, r ■.. ""H; " »"IT'> 

; APRIL, isiss. 

- , . • - ■ ■• 

"T^' *■ J 

mmIv - • . . ■ » I < 


.•■-•■■■•■ • ^ ■•.■■. • ■• I -s ii/Ma-**. 

Thk Maskers of the EsQuittAinc IiTDiAMrs; ' • " ^*** 

■_ . ' I- ■ t.. « • li-^ 

iliiBAir, ^pn7 S. West h«9 been svmNitide^^ ^jT 4lrir 

B* entek'ii^rising s]^irit of disco- mbeiy» and has healed m/uxf ftfi ,^dBtl6t 

siy» recemly manifested by oar wants and afflictioiu^ ai|4 thereftiiia «u 

ft^tn, in exploring the Arctic man is better fufiiished with tbtfe means 

» of North America, and parti- of iofloeiice upon .their muidii beiis 

Kidbe late Expedition of Capt. assisted h^r a ^KNins miaa who- i«V^^^ 

lin^ thb ume render every oUedMChrtst's £kii|)ilai(»asdap[[^^ 

tilance» connected with the in- tioed tO Bridewell, and uriw^acoovpih 

Bts of those dreary wilds, desenr- nied Mr. West.*^ He has alceadf -stt^ 

attention. ceeded in recoodUnc then to :tltt 

^anxioas interest having been pjans and habits of dvilixed Ififk 

I for the conversion of the in- Temporasy accommodatieii hei^ bteh 

itt and native Indian tribes of oonstmctedy whieh will form- tha*-lK- 

fqnhnauxy &c. I regret to learn sis ofaPft>test8mChurch. 

he difficulties of success have Mr. Garry, a member bftheObii^- 

leait, while the efforts have been mittee of the Hiidaon*s Bsgr ^^fifiWmt 

r powerful, and under the bless- has visited their territories in iN^% 

Divine Providence, it may be America, and had the satbfactioa of 

that this desirable object will witnessing the improvements whieh 

tely be obtained. The Hudson's have taken place in the morals of the 

ompany are not backward in inhabitants, from the religious tnstrtic- 

lid oy extending their fur trade tion which had been afforded |, and 

anada to the Pacific Ocean, and from every inforniation which he oooid 

the North as has hitherto been obtain, as well as that which has been 
id. The want of time and of received from those who are most eon- 
fS to engage in this good work versant with the Country, thei^ *is 
spiritual vmeyard, presents ob- every reason to believe that the^va- 
which the enterprises of bene- rious pldns which have been edit- 
i will ere long overcome ! Al- templated, can be carried into dk^L 
he natives have shown a read i- '"( Church Missionary Report, p. ^l^) 
) part with their children for In his correspondence so lately .^s 
an instruction, and some pecu- June 182t, he expresses his Hear that 
lid has been imparted to the from what he had seen of their, gtne- 
Ir. West to enable him to pro- ral character, he was not sai^;uiiM in 

1 the establishment of schools ; his hopes of much immediate mettgiods 
had frequent intercourse with impression being made upon tknr 

dians, and has been favourably minds. Though wandering thRMM^ 

d amongst them. The servants the woods and the plains with all we 

Company are distributed over wretched appearance of gypsies in £SM;- 

mtry, and a colony of 7(>0 set- land, there is a high spirit of indepena- 

isheen formed on the banks of ence among them, so that any Mis- 

(1 River, consisting of Canadians sionary who wonld join them^ must 

If-breeds. The remembrance of necessarily become dependent .uaon 

x^inesof distress is never ezadi- them for provisions^ vithifh ^wu^d 

om the mind of an Indian. — Mr. lower his ciiaracter in thair eatinim. 


ne'Mannen of iht JU^wmmmrlidht^ ' 

*i wpul^ for. th«ni» when th^ laadL Twd dtyt albnm4%^tiMLtliW>« 

i for the night, 4o make a larae mdmeter ^as4(r beknup SBero.7 Tthimjh 

idi/f»ne 'trees; they place toe ing a plain, iiit ^ndse asd4part|>f:iHa 

(flaffim fthdi ground under 'ihietr faoe weMi frotaa4|aiili'hMdNl|/tel:i#e9a. 

ta; when they lie down in their preserved by being rubbed wkh tnofr. 

and a little hay enables them to Pheasants as pkntifal as in any pni- 

omlbrtably. serre in England. ' 

I more I see (says this Rev. Mis* When- an Indian dies, his corpM is 

f^ 6f the character of man in this staged, i. e. put upon a few croas^tfdw, 

y, the more do I lament and feel aboot ten feet from the groimd. is 

ant at his general conduct The burying or staging the dead^ tbe Io« 

led female is taken just for the dians generally .put .all the prapefly.of 

Qg ofrher days, and then too ge- the deceased into the caae^^aiM -wheiH 

r lamed adrift, for the next per- ever they visit the corpse, which they 

Indian whachooses to take her; do for years afterwards ; -diey eneirete 

18 often been to neglected, as to the stage, smoke iheir'pipes»<wcep«b&* 

seen found starved to death in terly, ami frequently cot tbcmidnt 

ilidehattered tent ! - with knives, or pieree thaois^vea/nitb 

aipe^ Lake i& beautifully inter- the points of eharp instramMilfc ■ v ri«t. 

h^ith islands at some points, Tne Stone Indians are coBsid^midiflt 

B* navigation is difficult, as it the mott savage in these parts^taMlia 

Ai with sunken rocks. A testi- band of aroiiS men is neofastwy km 

m9B unequivocally borne to the safe coadnet thnMieb'thcm; .Thebllfc 

riB'Of public worship by those faloes assemble ia verdt on dlba^plidmi 

foeltlers at Fort Douglas on the Though this animal iaat<IaA|^ aiftfiltp 

tltor ; when they were called to- vonshire ojc, and amiorent^^if 4f«eQf 

yidi the principal settlers attend- unwieldly and inaeiive forAi,*wliia!a 

E!bere was apparently much im- laboured* canter, he iias comadMbfe 

i^made on tne minds of the au- speed. -it* 

!; one of them said it was the When an- Indian detigna 4m. aHatl^ 

fisCday of his life, not having he conMeopoDyoay-as fi» beeojiMilihr 

M^laceofworship, probably for observed, like a fox, attacks lilcoil2> 

tt, since he left England. Here ger, and flies from yon like a'bM«( I 

^est performed many marriages could not (says he) but contemplate tho 

Bptisms, and some of the latter rough picture before me, in one of our 

upon adults, who had been half- evening encampments. Our guns weie 

, sons or daughters of Scotch- suspended on tne trees, and around- an 

or Englishmen, by Indian or immense fire, the men were cooking 

reed women. He endeavoured buffalo meat on sticks ; the cariele and 

)lain to them the object of bap- sledge boys were lying around ns^ and 

but found great difficulty in con- wolves were howhng in every diree- 

f to their minds any just ideas of tion. ♦ 

: The half-breeds talk Indian Last summer, a war party from the 

pally, and there is no word in Missisippi killed and scalped a boy 

.nguage to express a Saviour. He within a short distance of the fort, and 

> the fort from the farm on a Sun- left a painted stick, crossed over his 

1 a cariole drawn by wolf dogs; mangled body, as a supposed indicia 

le Sunday (31 Dec.) part of nis tion that they would return again. - 

'as frozen, but he suffered no in- In the course of his journey, he^ohe 

lience, as he kept from the fire morning (Feb. 8), started before snn- 

ftbbed the part well with snow. rise. The rising Sun, with the raag- 

rcather was then so severe, that nificent scene oi Nature opening gni- 

ieodcd Divine Service, the ther- dually to my view, this morning, was 

ter being 30° below zero. most impressive. The heavens indeed 

Jan. 13, 1821, it was 20° below declare the glory of God, while dayus- 

when, on another journey, he to day uttercth speech 1 Bqt the voice 

jnder no other canopy than the of God is not heard among the hea- 

lu, with a blanket doubled upon then; and the name appeaia to. -be 

}zen snow, and a buHalo.robe as known ameog-ihe Europeans ehicfly 

mn^. \Fhe country very fine, and to be profaned i^t ■.,■.,: 

iaaUy> remi nded h im^ of travelling The Red ■ fiiver being in the ttAOli|e 

^■M ^ntleman's park in Eng- of Briti^ AmmcB, appnmd txiiifiisj^- 


i ^% > r '^ u a b ii triUed'ht 

IhlWj MQWy^i. y the HtR 

Ml A^MMit*p, tbe flttt of Sir 

i^tfbct^'^frtftK Ben JoflMTi-i 

J^Meittinnmi, called " The 

■iM'^Awtdted'to them as thej 

AHiPlkiltdAd ewdenB. There 

}ajl^W^tiitt <9i'ned on Monday 

W^rMA^ng in the afternoon 

'W'KinK at Sir George Fer- 

tVfiMIM) Koton; whence thej inemor<r, ana me O^ectol UieprcKBt 

Merfed the same da;, first to Letter u, that if thit gendeniao afatvU 

'1 of Cumberland'* at Grafton by chance become acqaainted with iL 

M|l'th<!D to Sir George Forlet- to Teqnett the fimrar of bit tomOMt^- 

■MKhinghaniihire. caiing the name of the above; cbn|ieb| 

ttV'*Entertftinment"i»inevery and any'otlm particolan'tfatt siW^ 

■iritti Wixiti, and KKneexIraeti neceMaiy. P. B; ^ 

«rt giVen in the "£dea Al- — ^ — ^ ■■ < 

Vk," Where Mr. Dibdin (quot- „ „ 

^kMi of the Ian Tery leiUed '^'- ^J*'*"' 

lidligent Editor of Jonson) IN jtrarlawNi .. _ 

i^that "the Queen and 1 in hii account a. 

fdinfy, in theit jonmej from of London," meDliont, diat H«m 
Mi to London, came from Smith, Esq. " left SMO/. Id pnTcAaJk 
IJ^^Korthampton, wherethey an estate in thiiMmnty (mcanlncBir 
Mived in great state by (he sex, I prenime), f(K the ben«&t of tlM 
IV Migisiratei.'* — I do not parishea of fitatnttee, Ho whan ^ lytf* 
•''eontrovert ' this statement i ing," Sk. Heniy Smhk mads'id 

>fKl be glad- to learn, from auch beaoeit, to [niTCbMe Air a 

<4fr/Aainpfoti Correspondent, the the kina, nor are the pariuies ablm 

lara of the respect paid there to mentioned entitTed tn any benefit ftoni 

Ma and Prince ; as the Visit in the said Henry Smith's estate ; and I 

wn (if actually made) must have believe " J. B." will find that all the 

irr transitory; since the Queen property ever belonging to ■ Henn 

iHngley on Saturday morning. Smith's estate, is a rent cnarge of *W. 

Ulhorp, four miles from North- per annum, issuing out of the manor 

,' in the afternoon— Is any ac- of Mount Bures m Essex, and this 

irtserted of her visit at Dingtey was attained by Act of Parliamenli'Sl 

V^nbg f Perhaps the Author Geo. IIL in exchange for other pro- 

tiew and well-digested History perly in Sussex. 

thampton shire will have the Heni^ Smith was a rich man orij^ 

W'to notice these enauiries. nalli/, but conveyed all his property, 

'W»Td more.— In IU17, King except 100/. to trustees, for charitable 

ins nine davt (from March 37, purposes, reserving to himself power of 

I i), nt the Eniscoijai Palace at revocation, which power the trui^ija 

M which, in the printed Guides got him to resign; they then refused 

dty; is mfntioned only by one iiim support, or even a home in h& 

aS that in the wrong year — own mansion in Silver-street, andhc 

,^ames I. came to Lincoln.'' wandered about the country accom^ 

<^orporation Records, or Epis- pnnied by a dog, and after dining at 

fegisters, would furnish (and it the house* of those who had formerly 

fciFnily requested) an account of known him, he begged food firt life 

bmable a Visit. J. N. dog. His friends assisted him to pro- 

^ ceed in Chanceryagainsr these trustfWs, 

d(BA», Prince't-i(ree(, /Jp. 15. ami he regained, by decree of" the 

the sale of the property belong- Court, tlTe power of dispositle ufWs 

rt-'tb Viiy eiceltent friend the property by deed df gfft -or wm,'%^ I purtibased theiHe^)fhi»ii>ati3it)ft-fai)ij;sp-,;an(f^I. 

ietatif curious article (of which per antlinh fotliis tnaiifteitaiice. " THe 

Account of Dorchester Church, Ojioir. 2OT 

} KB Air, March 1. by a window that, in its perfect stale, 

annexed view of Dorchester nuist Iiave been of great beauty, and is 

irch, Oxfordshire (sec Plaid.) now highly deserving of attention : but 

f:preflcnt8 the East end of thut nn alteration, which appears to nave 

(; a part which, from the pe- taken place at no very distant period 

M^ of its situation, is often of from liie building of the Church, has 

lltfeoess to visitors. filled up the middle compartment by 

tdin^ the only ecclesiastical edi- placing a buttress against it, and which 

iftfting in a place which was at first si^ht gives it the appearance of 

^«Me of a Bisnop, and possess* two distinct windows. Two similar 

iti^ts examples of antient ar- buttresses were erected at the same 

|i^' time at the angles of the chancel, a 

^HSer was of considerable im- measure rendered necessar)% perhaps, 

[.l|i the time of the Romans, by the jiroximity of the river Thame, 

jtifyet exists in its neighbour- which usually overflows its banks in 

iS^ of extensive works exe- the winter. 

l^l&iHn. The history of such a . On the North side of the Church, 
ilt,- it will be obvious to every the chapel or aile is the chief object of 
iMfrise extensive investigation interest; it has five delicately nropor- 
bttf: to those who can com- tioned windowis, smaller than tliose in 
leater. opportunities, time, and- the other parts of the Church, and 
^e writer of this article must liiore ■ elaborately finished, the tracery 
ril, work, and proceed with a being of a different design in- each; a 
ifithe Church, the subject of portion of the Eastern window of this 
ayifig before us. chapel is seen in the view : its entrance 
of large extent, consisting of is through a square-headed doorway, 
i-df equal length, with a North witliin a semi-circular arch, with a co- 
iebapel, of about half their lumuon each side; the sj>ace above 
^ cnancH, and a tower, at the the door being sculptured m the man- 
id ;- which apjiears from the iter termed by heralds ^^Jreitl." Two 
^ta. architecture, to have been large square-headed windows with re- 
nibsequently to the Church ; it markabie tracery occur also on this 
qaare form, rise^ in three sto- side of the builcling, at a considerable 
ing windows divided by a sin- heis^ht from tlie ground. 
lion in each, and terminates ()n entering the Church, we find a 
, embattled parapet. At this range of lofty arches resting on cliis- 
hc South aile has been a win- tercd columns, separating the interior 
handsome dimensions, and a into two spacious ailes, but the sym- 
below it ; both of these arc metry of the whole has been destroyed 
?d up with masonry. by walls of modern workmansliip, 
outhern elevation lias a scries which ascend to the roof, and divide 
windows, with buttresses be- the Church completely from North lo 
he first of these windows from South. Four of these arches occur be- 
Bti though uniform with the fore the junction of the chapel on the 
. its tracery and width, has but North side, at which point the Church 
iroportionate length, there be- assumes the form of three ailes, and 
er it the only entrance now here the choir begins, having on each 
iltcrcd by a porch, which pro- e:ide first a plain round arch without 
jral feet, and is of considerable columns or mouldings of great oleva- 
\ tion, after which the pointed arches 
ast end of the Soutli aile (seen continue (three in number) to the ter- 
igraving) has two windows of mination of the ailes. The latter arches 
:]ual size with tiiose on the ditTrr notliin<2; in size or nro|>ortions 
de, but enriched with more i'nnu tliosc, U'est of tlio choir, but are 
tal tracery. more carefully iinisbed, and more en- 
tiancel lias a lofty wiudovv on riched in their ca|)itals and mouldings, 
.h, fdlcd in with handsome An oj)C'n screen reaches Irom pier to 
and another on its Northern pier, aiid completes the enclosure of 
t will be more appropriately the c:hoir. 

I in the survey of tlie interior. The chancel, formed by an exten- 

)le of the Easi[ end is occupied sion of the choir, is an highly interest- 

VIag. Jpril, 1S-2.'J. ing 

tli SM'V £j^(»»M iHMM^^^M^bJK'iiSi^iUirl 


kf»»tMwork,'^ gives the fill. ^^R«yr»Ctrf^ 

i^ d)Ma1f>{ibB : *'llie injuiy done iVfMi9i(m^)w«fiii|bii;: 

« ipprk through my manjr mi**' And <^Mer nkte lihoa. ' 

m^' becasioned by the difficult '^^ 

indonth character of the author's Within tiiee ToxjhB ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ 

, whose remote abode admitted ^^Z'^^'ILT^izv^ 

r intercourse/' &c. And again» **^ ^*^- ^^*Ly 

tost confess, in some places 1 was Yours, &c. X« L. D^ 

Tto siiess at the autnor*s mean- ♦ .." ,/;j 

[ not oeing able to read maUV of Mr. Urbast, CloPtant^-Mareksi^r^ 

bids/' &c. npHE celebrated Bullfights of j^ 

]|«U bore the name of an antient JL have long been a suojeci of m^ 

f seated at Halsall near Orms- der and curiosit^^ amonjs thoML,,3irl 

and if, as the writer of the notes study the antiquities ot thcii^lligu^^ 

e Kaleidoscope supposes, he was sports. Having received, from a vtiy, 

cated in the murder of Ascham intelliMnt Spanish traveller, a Gpnnq^ 

idrid (Rymer, vol. XX. Thurloe, tion of mine, and one on whose fCQ^ 

'. p. 151, p. 204), he must have racy I can depend, a detaUied atecc/ipd 

raj youn^ at the time of the of one of these exhibitions to-v^xDi^ 

The Licentiate de Guevara he was lately witness at Madfidj|,. .j^^ 

him, in the ofRcial report, as transmit it for your Magasiiie. . ,* ^.; 
n Edw ard Halsall, Englishman, Yours, &c. T»V^- V 

i Duchy of Lancaster, of twenty*. _— -J. ..! 

yars of age, knight." And in Account of the SpanUk BmiUigii^^ & 
ibers's narrative he appears as a Letter to a Friendi [^'. . 

gor Halsey, a Lancashire man." Having been at Madrid in Ms^ 14^>.^ 

If Editor of the recently published I had opportunities of seeing the 9ti$> 

lid has fallen into a whimsical fights, wnich were e^ibitied t^ a ^i^ 

kewith respect to a description building erected for the piirpoi^ - lis- 

(diom House, which he assigns sembling an Amphitheatre, havin^-l^. 

ines Earl of Derby. The cause circus open above of considerableeKK^t 

s-error is manifest. Peck, in the within the walb, and seats Wh niBM 

lerata Curiosa, p. 449, ^^^^ ^^ ^ >^ rising one above the othen l%e 

se of Lord Derby's, some account best seats are in the upper part of the 

e proceedings of the Earl, during buildin!^, and the price of admission to 

'ar, which is literally copied from them about a dollar, 
tale's Baronage, vol. IL p. 262 ; in The lower class sit nearer the circt^ 

rt appendix, the Siege otLathom, and the crowd assembled (of botli 

n account of the House, are given sexes, all ages and condition) is im- 

the same source. The word mense. The Spanish women are ex* 

pendix,'' in large characters, and ceedingly fond of this national amuse- 

nange of the first person into the ment. 

, might have deterred a more The railing round the circus is of 

Editor from assigning to Lord considerable neight, nearly six ^eti, 

y what in fact is a portion of and between it and the spectators there 

deacon Ratter's account of the is a space all round ; before them aft- 

, and is printed in Seacome, p. 89. other railing with ropes above it, to 

le Editor has exerted his aritnme- prevent the bull getting among tHem, 

skill in favour of the simile of a as he will frecinently leap the first rat|- 

>yterian Minister, who, alluding ing, but is immediately driven back 

idy Derby, and Lathom, speaks into the circus. 

:e Scarlet Lady and the Seven 1 heard a Spaniard mention that he 

. He is not discouraged by the once saw a bull, by a desperate efioft 

r towers" of verse, nor the "ten '* (to avoid his tormentors) clear'" tfe 

ose ; the former is poetical, and second fence so as to get amongst tte 

atter, by striking out two at the people ; and to use his own expr^ion, 

iduse, and the eagle's tower, is ** he threw them about like oraugep. :f 

«d to seven. several persons were killed, oilers 

iC following, from an antient bal- severely wounded, 
ajypears to have escaped his no- The bull, before he is.);Uled,:.'l9,ajt» 

A. D, 1513): tacked bv the Piccadbrs^ {\.yro, gjr Iwep 


Aobmn^^ t^i^y§pmMi MiMfflglMs 

OuiliiaHitanee of the Piccaiiore^ 
nbUthe tett as before described, 
iht '^ him in getting up. Then 
■tenckiuB efitects of the buirs 
ire too clearly seen ; the entrails 
■horse often hang out a consi- 
("distance, and even trail on the 
^ Yet in this state his life is 
nidered as immediately in dan^r, 
rtoes in this desperate condition 
\h required ; a nandkerchief is 
• over his eyes, he is again 
ed by the Piccadore, and brought 
.0 the combat. If, however, he 
inded in the chest, the imme- 
danger is greater. The Picca- 
ralks in a slow and unwieldly 
jr (from being so bandaged) to 
a fresh horse, the wounded one, 
too much injured, being led out 
J circus. The more destruction 
ses, the louder the applause of 

t bulls have each a knot of rib- 
of different colours fixed near 
ihoulder, so that by referring to 
ted list, this badge declares their 
aiid province. They are driven 

Madrid with tame cows, and 
. a place appointed for them near' 
reus. If, however, the bull re- 
o attack the Piccadore, the spec- 
express their contempt; the Fic- 
; endeavours to provoke him by 
ng his lance at him, or pricking 
n the face, raising himself up 
Dwn in his saddle, and in token 
iaiice (which is considered as a 
t thin^') throwing his huge hat 
1. When the bull rushes on the 
iore, he is received by him on 
nee on the side of his neck, at 
ime time he dexterously wheels 
irsc round, to avoid his horns, so 
ihe bull sometimes passes on one 
^■ithout touching the horse. But 
leeling; round, the hinder part of 
Drse is exposed to the bull, who 
tes him dreadfully, and such is 
rength and fury ot the bull, that 
56 is often lifted partly from the 
d. Even when a horse is lying 

the bull will run at him and 
his horns into his body. The 
dore will sometimes snatch the 
ns from his shoulder, which is 
lered as highly dexterous, and 
y applauded. 

nee saw a bull which evinced a 
[dly disposition in refusing to at- 
the Piccadore, when ** faego !" 
;q I" "fire 1" was loudly called. T*he 

bandefiUMf, afid -imiolif flMHi inta *ttMl 
boH, tma after. WMeh fMf^t fM M 
like fire-works, and pot ^ animilrlo 
great torture. This Wm doobtif Mrikur 
him ferocious, and in^Nieo Mfif*-il 
commence that attack, which KiroMM 
peaceful disposition led him tadMlMt 
Soon after, however, be was oontigiwd 
to the Matador, as unwonhy 'ifMlXBlfit 
exhibition. Cienerally, however^rtht^ 
evince determined oourage^ aadifioi^ 
withsunding the woudds indittod*!!^ 
the Piccadores, they constantly y tiM n 
the' attack, overthrowing >th«ir MtM- 
gonists, and with destruMetion* td^tiie 
horses. ' • j- 

The Chnlos never ghre thMtf'Miy 
repose, for although not* aUowvdtJito 
attack them with their iiftiid^illn 
until the Piccadores have relinquidhed, 
they continually run before tliein>willi 
the doth trailing after them, and av^kU 
ing pursuit by vaulting over the milittg 
of the circus. 

. When the animal seems no loMJir 
inclined to face the Piccadoreti aiMnie 
is weaned by constant attackt^ aMd 
wounds in the neck, from which ftlie 
blood flows copiously, at a second 
flourish of music the Piccadorea mire 
from the combat, and ^ Chnkwvan 
directly at him, with their banderillas 
(or short barbed dart, ornamented with 
slips of coloured paper) one in eaeh 
hand. The instant the bull puts down 
his head to toss them, they stick these 
darts into his neck or body, and pass 
off on one side. In this exercise tney 
appear to run great risk, being con- 
stantly close at the front of the boll, 
immediately before his horns ; but 
such is their skill and agility, that they 
rarely receive any injury. I saw one 
of them thrown up by the bull, but 
he fell behind his horns on the aninml*s 
neck, and regained the railing without 
being in the least hurst. The Chnlos 
having exhibited their successfnl tor- 
ments for a sufficient time, at a- third 
flourish the Matadore comes forward 
with a long straight sword and a red 
flag. It is his exclusive occupation to 
terminate the sufferings of the animal. 
The Chulos now lay aside their ban- 
derillas, and the bull is seen bleeding 
at the neck, his tongue out, and several 
of the banderillas sticking in different 

Earts of his body. The Cnulos retain, 
owever,' their pieces of cloth (so* often 
mentioned) to attract the buHIs atten- 
tion, should tboMa|aidorebeui4aaner. 

Jmoi Gtm^tMi» <brr te ikuXkmm. ami 

H^ ab^ be ohmarftA, that m oC your 6llier» who Iim oiv^UiidiMi - 

eq^ j^iase, ai.i« you aajt, b«stwulic9»«iid whawi]l,.I«m«n%ii 

j^QJit 9AY, there could hardly fed with me nDoiBB tomnv to apr^ 

lrp.i^p«i« or pre*occupation, oq dear friend Mr. Boitim*s ilhMt% !».'■ 

i'of Warb.urton, of the charge whom I wish yoa to convey my good- 

tHight forward ; and he was wishes. Poor Miss Bolton and her 

iefy^ from any consciousness of brother I sympathise with from my 

i hiabitsand disposition^ to an- heart: their affliction must be areal> 

l^ci imputation of a dishonest indeed ; coald I oonm oomfbrty liosr ■ 

li^n of fact. willingly and how {;laa I should :be to- 

[ no Warburtonian. In the do it; their father it one of mj oldert 

t spirit, jealous susceptibility of friends, and has efcr been held in my « 

and lon^-enduring resentments highest ^teem, having been a witneas- 

distinguished Hierophant, there to his rising fortunes, and to the thoB*-' 

it too much to be sorry for : sand generous actions that have c<h^^ 

I conceive that the hypocricy stantly graced and accompanied hit 

I to him, without any proof, by transactions through life j to him I 

»stic Horace Walpole, formed first introduced my friend ^fonr father^ 

I of bis delinquencies. But I and many pleasant hours it hat givt»i 

ijoice, if it should be thought me, and oflen upon reflecticMi givet ' 

lave upon correct grounds mam- me pleasure. I wish you to eooulie- 

hb claim to the character (hi- from time to time ot Mist BquIod, 

ttsuallvy deemed his ri^ht) of how her father it going oo» and give 

MIS ana fearless dealing with his me a line of information ; for I caonoT- 

ras adversaries. Liceal supremis but feel greatly anxious about him. 

Mi finite odia, and for them, and glad you will' make 

Kirs, &c. Fr. Wrangham. my heart, if you can give roe good 

A tidings of them, and your fiither, to 

^•.? ' 1. . r . ?' yo»r "Other, and believe me your 

IditKm to the information given Sincere and obliged friend, ^^ 

irour Correspondent "I.e.; and ^ . AmooGrmw. '^ 

. ' respecting the late Mr. Amos a 

I beg to say I have frequently Mr. Urban, Chelsea, March 3. 

my father say that Mr. Green -^ answer to your Salopian Ck)rre. 

e person alluded toby bhenstone 1 gpondent « B. E." (February, p. 

letter. Mr ^»;enstone intro- j^^,) j beg to observe, that by the 

him to the late Matthew Boul- g^^^, 33 Hen. VIII. c. 39, bonds Wn 

.sq. of Soho and I believe was ^^ ^^e King, whether as princiiSl or 

nental in p acing him as an ap- 5^,^^ ^^e declared to be of the same 

« to the celebrated Mr Basker- force ^nd eftect as recognizances by 

I should think It probable, m Statute-Staple ; from wheSce it follows, 

)rary of Soho House, many of ^j^at freehold lands in the possession of 

wings and sketches are preserved. ^ bondsman, are chargeable to the 

you, in case you think it worth ^rown from the execution of the bond. 

nna in your valuable Magazine, ^nd, although such lands are after- 

of a letter of his to my sister ^^^^s sold to a bon^ fide purchaser at 

strongly marks the kindness of a time when no debt is in existence, 

art, and his intimacy with Mr. ^bey still continue liable to any future 

m: It was written just before Cro^n debts, into whose hands soever 

ithers death, and when Mr. they may have passed. But, if lands 

m was verv seriously ill. tbus chargeable are subject to any prior 

Wm. Raphael Egihton. incumbrances ; that is, if, at Uie time 

^ r ., Y. A r^ -r. of thc cxccution of thc boiid, thc Ifmds 
^faLetterfrom Amos Green, Esq. ^^ ^be bondsman are charjged with 

\K Miss Eginton "^^^^^ ^^^' ^^"^ ^*^ debts, which bind them 

' 23, 1 805. equally with or in a greater degree than 

terday brought me your obliging a Statute-Staple, such debts are entitled 

; I wish its contents had been to a precedence to the bond to the 

colonial to the wishes of your Crown. Thus a mortgage created an« 

kind heart ; indeed, it concerm tecedently to the date of the bond, and 

u cannot speak more comfortably regularly assigned to the present time, 


.] Croum Dehtors.'^Seal of the Pariik of St Mary^U^Bow, 

itor bein^dead, in order to obtain London, in the year 1580* (itePLIL 
iction of such l>ondy a Crown ^^. I. ^ This Seal is curious, as exhibit^ 
itor had caused his effects to be ing what may be considered a faithful 
I, '* if not to the total exclusion, 
St in priority and preference of all 
bondsmen or assigned securities ;'* 
hen •' D. E." asks, « can this be 
:ained as legal and right?" In 
It to which quere, and for the 
iction (at least I hope so) of Mr. 
. and his Salopian friend, I beg 
iserve, it has been long settled, 
in a course of administration, 
due to the Crown upon record or 
dity (of which latter species are 
debts) have a preference to alt 
debts whatsoever 5 and if an exe- 
or administrator should omit to 
r such debts, previously to his 
irging any other debts of his tes- 
or intestate, he would, in case 
should be a deficiency of assets, 
ible to the satisfaction thereof, 
nis propriis : and I am apprche- 
ire that the circumstance of the 
sed having executed the bond, 
the imjjression that the Crown 
I not be entitled to a preference, 
lot in the present instance vary 
ISC ; for, though in some cases 
J parties are induced, by the false 
lentations of their advisers, to ex- 
legal documents to their dctri- 
, a court of equity will interpose 
eve them ; yet here there appears 
no reason for such an interposi- 
even supposing an unfair reprc- 
ion to nave been made to the 
>ed, because, he being liable to a 
ty (to the amount of the sum 
;d by the bond in question) upon 
d previously entered into by him 
ety for an officer of the Crown, 
is, at the time of executing the 
\\\Qni bond, a debtor to the Crown 
ecialtyj and consequently that 
was only a confirmation of what 
)usly existed. 

mitting, therefore, that the Crown 
itled to a preference, I am per- 
J that its officers had a ri2;ht to 
the course mentioned, or rather 
d to, in the letter of" 1). H.'* 




. Urban, March 30. 

iND you an impression of an 
itient brass Seal, enp,rnve(l bv or- 
' the Parish of St. Mary-lc-6ow, 

T. Mag. j4pnly 1823. 

representation of the Steeple previous 
to the great Fire of London ; with the 
arches or bows on its summit, from 
which it may have derived its name ; 
though this was more probably from 
the arches or bows belonging to the 
old Church, on which the present 
structure is raised. The history of this 
Church has been fully given by your 
Correspondent N. G. ni vol. xc. li. p. 
223 ; and a view of the present Steeple 
in vol. XXI. p. 580. Many particulars 
relative to tne steeple ana bells were 
also given in your last volume. Part ii. 
p. 392, with their histoiy to the pre- 
sent time. I shall therefore conclude 
with some curious particulars, extract- 
ed from honest Stow : 

'< la Nov. 1091* a rlreadful hurricaiie 
happened in London, which blew down 
many churches, and upwards of six hundred 
houses, and shattered the Tower of London 
very much ; but tho most surprising event 
was its breaking down part of the church- 
wall of St. Mary-le-Bow in Cheapaide 
(wherebvtwo men were killed), and, ptising 
the roof thereof, carried it a considerabls 
way, when it fell with such violence, that 
six of its rafters, of 26 feet in length each, 
were forced into the ground abo%'e 90 feet 
deep, and in the same position as they stood 
on the Church. This relation would seem 
very incredible, were it not for the concomi- 
tant circumstances ; for, 1 . the ground 
whereof the roof pitched was of & moorish 
nature; 2. the streets were then unpaved; 
and, 3. the uncontested authority ur those 
grave and faithful historians i*, who lived at 
that time, and testified to the truth of the 

One hundred and six years after- 
wards, a seditious traitor, named Filz 
Osbert, seized the steeple of St. Mary, 
fortified it, and provided himself with 
provisions and instruments for defence, 
till he was smoked out and made pri- 
soner; and after a fair trial, hanged, 
with nine of his accomplices. 

The above Steeple fell down in 
\'27U and killed several persons. 

In 1284, we find it rebuilt, and 
serving as a place of concealment for 
Lawrence Ducket, a goldsmith, who 
had dangerously wounded Ralph Cre- 

^"'™^ " '"-*^^'' '* ■■ ■■■■■■...■■ ly M^ ■!■■ » ■^ 

* We regret that the artist has failed to 
represent this date in the engraving. Edit. 

f The authorities given are Flor. Wig. 
Chron, and Wm. de Malmsbury. 


{ » 


Dft jfilibMds fkatt. 


iaUfy known by an czquiaitt satin in 
itaearonic Latin, on the Visitation in 
648» which he had the courage to 
nblish at that time, entitled '*Ru8- 
ica Acadeinix Oxoniensis Reformats 
etcriptio, in visitatione fanatic^, A. 
X 1648, Londini, impensis J. Red- 
layue.*' The "Feast," we believe, 
as never been printed, or at least is 
f sufficient rarity to warrant the re- 
nblishing, and mteresting, from its 
Boording not only how our ancestors 
note, but what they ate. The notes 
ppended are chiefly from Robert May's 
'Accomplisht Cook," 1685, 8vo, in 
rhich the culinist laments the decline 
f hospitality and good living, attribut- 
ig it, like a zealous Royalist, to the 
receding troubles. 

hdeissimis CapiHlms, t/sc, Invitatio ad fiw 
gi Prandiobim, und. cum Billa DieUg, 

Evasit annus, ex quo Janus 
Commisit conjugates manus, 
Atque ipse amoris veteranus 

£meritus sum &ctus. 

Porrexi ora, te ministro, 
Maritali turn capistro i 
£t Cytheraei pulsus sestro, 

opes sum longas nactus. 

Dat mandata bifrons Deus, 
Celebretnr Hymeuseus 
Quotannis ; nisi mavis reus 
Esse indecori, 

Parendum est. Familiares, 
Properate uostros Lares 
Adlre, et epulas vulgares 
Adraovere ori. 

raume^. — ^Praebebit Aper colli partem^ 


QuM prima fiyous fiiret mtrltai 

PugDMitain ssMfA oitt. 

Ribbe and Rumpe qfhe^\ 
Sequttor ami costa Bovii> 
Et salibus conditum novb 
Ejusdem tergua ; dignum fbris 

Quod apponatur meaMt. 

^yt^, — ^ArtocresB fumabimt, qualta 
Divinot celebraot Natales ; 
Unde odor aromaticalit 

Cerebrum intrabit. 

Henond JBocon^. 

Et cum Oallini plngue Iardum( 
Quod satlare possit guardum, 
Unlesse the liastye cooke hath aur'4 

Meniara onorabit. 

i^e*. — Praeterea non decimalii 
Porcellus, auribus et malis 
Ad latus finis adest ; qualit 

Jndsets oHm ne&s. 

Tomguxcmd Vdder^, — ^Insuper tenellum vbtry 
Cui Romanum impar tuber, 
£t linguam, si quid ejus luper- 
est gustare tc fas. 

Goose^. — Ascendit avis dein solium^ 
Quae salvum fecit Capitolium, 
Brodwellianum pasta lolium 

Coctis malis mersa. 

Turkey^, — Et quam transmiserunt Indi 
En voluoris est praesto scindi, 
Cepu (uti mos) hiuc indc 

Olentibus conspcrsa. 

Custard^, — Post apparatum dcnmm istum, 
Cum ovis uni fiirre pistum 
Lac scquitur ; cui saccharura mistum 
Sapurem dulcem prsebet. 
Secuuda*<) erunt fercula. 

> Garnished brawn. Sea Ma; 

s Charles U. is reported to 

9 This seems to bavs 
Dund of varioos deli 

66 TOL LZXXV. i. p. _^ 

in^itht Gook/ aad W 
« We «f« taU to talf 

U Aoeonplisbt Cook," p. 1.94. 

tbi* tha inside of a sirloin was too good for a 

•ne was called ** A Bride-pye," a com- 
t, or else the common Christmas pie. 
J account of the author of the « Ac* 

-46J> p« 81] ; larded chicken is pro* 

with the hair on. (May 

"^ AHii -gp \^yf^ I^^Q 1^ £ivourite 

*'♦ Vie before us. 

I un October dish, but 

r^ -^4 is an Englithnian's 

^9 and ipices^ appears 

jne, says. 




I Bp. Corbet's JVnwi^iiiH»|l| fytt/tfr^kS^I^U. 


'S^'vse in interest of lives " Thdfcm* Itrnm^mm^Wt^ 

j^6f lyme, and might it please the ^^^^ \^}lP!^Jt^ ChyW j ^ 
l^^e^^ ' . ^ ^ arelodgedand boMdcd-wttlithe-Mii- 
of blood, for many lives I sawe : «>c Master, and 'MoeifC' '■ mkff With 
r writes more of thee must write of fees amounting to 3L per Mmum. 
more. Their dress is a •'black doth gpmn, 
I Kffeet not, bat leferre them ore faced with white, given them ewttj 
one ; by whose art they maye defyne second year. Thmrin alavataC' junior 
§§> is worth, by valewing of thyne." boys, denoHiinated^ ftoHA 'the 'foondcr, 

Bursherst Cfaanten 7 th^ are <^oaai 

)§r CorbeU on his fftve'a Departure, by the Dean and Chapter, and 

bee must goe, and I must moume, a salary, jamountingy with fees, t» f £ 

eome night, lOs. They wear white «iirplicc% given 

rmee'wHhdarknes whitest I write; them on their- admission* 

e that hell vnto mee, which alone <* All 4hc boys, as wdl Choristm at 

suffer, when my love is gone : Bargherst Chanters, attend deily chcH 

pe for this kept guard, hke spie on ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ tUpee O^dock Ott 

r^ndence with his foe stood by ; ^^^^^-^T' "^** *!S^ ^ "^ISl ' 

nbiTsweetnes then our many blisses ^»y»: J^^ *^? •n^ Chj^^ piOTlde 

ing. conference, imbracement, kisses, "'"^ *."«»' instruction m wnUng, anth* 

es with negligence our most Tcspecte metic, and grammar | and ttwie hoy» 

JUT language, through all dialecte whose parents wish it».are alkfwed ^ 

», wincke, lookes, and often vnder- attend the Free Gramibar Sehool^ of 

boarde [from worde. which the Dean and Cha^r appoint 

dyalecte with our feet, yet larr the Head Master. They atteno thm 

doe thy worst, whilest sbee and I schools from eleven o'clock titt'twehr^ 

tiAve armes, [hannesj froai two till three, and hoih feor till 

not against thy stroake, against thy fi^g. They attend the Mu«ic Master 

,t looke vpon y- quicknuig sun, (yom scTcn o'dodc in ^he miiming in 

dteher beauty to my sence shall run; ^^^^^^ ^^ ^|jt j^ ^ winter, iltU 

1 to comfort of my deare I vowe, «-a„-- frf^,^ nft... \Mmd*^ 'A.^,*ul^<^ 

h shall still bee what my words are P'^yf^ ^""f*. Th« Mait^ deTnreft BO 

^^^g . ^ emolument from the tnosidal talents of 

[es themselves shall move mee ere I the choristers, who are confined wholly 

5tart, [ray hart." ^^ t"^ Church Service. On leaving 

len I change my love, I'll change the Choir they receive a sum not e?^- 

Eu. Hood. ceeding 16/. from the Dean and Chap- 

A * ter, as an apprentice fee. 

^ c , ^ ,. , ^ ** A medical attendant is allowed the 

Cathedral Schools. choristers in case of sickness." 

nuedfrom vol. lxxxix. p. 603 J ^ 

Irban, Crosby Square, April 4. ^ xr .• , . 

long; since I fast addressed you ^'^ the mutaUlity of National grandeur 

this subject, and I now resume ^^ ^'''* ««« «« Science; and -.the 

I great pleasure, to transcribe proneness to deteriorate, whtck lit 

t>ioined account of the Choral ^f ^^''^ circumstances is observed to 

at Lincoln, which was omitted characterize the human tnlellect. 

former series. (Continued from p. 225-)' 

probable I shall not again oc ^TTR ATEVER may be said of the 

3ur pages with similar commu- Y? germ of genius lying for ages 

ns*, as I propose to publish these smothered in the human breast, un- 

on a more extensive scale, m a ^ble to break forth into a flame,— ^ 

e form ; and I cannot close the such hypotheses have been adopted,—' 

ondence without repeating tny ^^^ ijiyt^ry of the Greeks, with a re- 

i grateful acknowledgments for ference to this genius, though well 

ite and liberal assistance which known, can never, if analysed with' 

en afforded to me during these philosophic attention, cease to asto- 

es, by the superior Clergy in J^jg^^ 

pective Choirs. U, H . Peopled originally by hordes of har- 

B our nrevious volumes, lxxxvii. biu-ians, the infant energi^ of Uiese 

II. LXXXIX. marauders were first nnfolded bt. %' 

^ fcdlohy 

14 -I J -I 




$Q;wi>ich sUll exhibits in itt mo* 
il^ the chisel of Phidiasy the 
if. beings who reared them very 
kiiacendedy in point of mind and 
l^mentSy the ^nerations which 
isent inhabit its soil. Whereas 
toqe and England, however vene- 
tbe edifices we admire, however 

Pfiq^ in the liberal arts ; nor is 
Ik Single structure, however vast 
in)pljcated its design, to the exe- 
,,0t which the talent of the pre- 
1^ is not fully equal. 

nt concentrating my thoughts 

wiere tooftj r enn o rpd 

to be kn^rant^ 4>ii' -.^^ 

chanicu aris, if they bad Wo hi 

for the ornamental. THtii boUdioigjk'l 

this epoch nwy famish a hajnrest i)f 

meditation to the virtuoso, or laiher W 

the sage who renders the study of mus^ 

inscriptions and mouldering monii- 

ments subservient to the knowledge of 

itm the symmetry which pervades mankind in the various stages of fall' 

.men have been progressively civilized e»stence. 

j^ contemplating Stonehenge, ift> 
see few vestiges of thinking and ofT 
skill; — all seems rude, — the ^rorbof 
savages in a veij early stage of inftncy 
in associated life, at periods of locie^, 
very little removed from what Adaof' 

iiir own island, "after^he migra^ Smith d^ominates those of Huuiel^s' 

tenrsions in which I had lately Bnd Shepherds. If vve tumfrbm tho«6 

•d, I reflected, that all the vene- colossal specimens of barbarian mdus- 

Btractures which were wont to *7» ^^^ which suggests a resemblailcb 

and elevate the fancy of the be- ?^*^^ ^c ^^^ "^e attempts at buildinft 
upon our own soils, were the in Eeypt, when bundles of canes, whicB 

cements not by any means of the Nde copiously supplied, bound W 

»t enlightened and refined aeras gether at intervals, are thought to hav« 

nan genius. They must be ac- °fj' suggested the idea of a sculptured 

edged, on the other hand, to be column, suppose to the buildingi prioi^ 

ijrts of a people not yet emanci- ^o the time of Alfred, a higher degi^ 

rom barbarism, but of ingenious ^^ ^^'^^ and knowledge indicates itscH., 

many instances of sublime taste, From thence to the still highor know^ 

defatigable in the accomplish- l«lge >nthe principles^of airchitect(lrt| 

»f the plans which their concep- 

lad embodied. The Cathedrals 

lims, of Rouen, and of Amiens, 

sbury, of York, and of West- 

r, were erected at periods not 

ter the Norman Conquest ; and 

eexquisite lightness and symme- 

ich pervades many parts of these 

res, and the profusion of sculp- 

rnaments which is every where 
a very considerable proficiency 

rts of sculpture and architecture 

inly indicated. 

still all the efforts, splendid as 

ust be admitted to be, fall very 

leath the standards which the 

oils of Attica present in splendid 
As we ascend higher in re- 

itiquity, to periods when, after 

nans had evacuated, the Saxons 

ssession of Britain, we still see 

sries, priories, abbies, and castel- 

rts, which all carry upon them 

iress of some knowledge in the 

es of architectural science, al- 

from the rude lineaments which 
the design and composition, 

uly discern the intellectual 

I and capabilities of the work- 

Llthough characterized by men- 

ness and imbecility, our ances- 

the ninth and tenth centuries 

necessary for raising piles such as tho* 
Abbies of Malmsbury or Glastonbury, 

the improvement is striking. 

If we descend to the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries, we find what is 
somewhat inaccurately termed the Go- 
thic style, assuming a more regular, 
methodised, and classically chaste prin- 
ciple of arrangement. The contused 
onspring, originally of the dark a^es, 
and formed on the eastern styles im- 
ported from Arabia, grafted upon the 
superstitious conceptions of Christian 
Europe ; this order of architecture 
shook off many of the puerilities which 
adhered to it, and assun\ed a more 
pure and chaste order of composition. 

At length, we find under tne genius 
of Inigo Jones, the old and classical 
models of Greece restored, and usurping 
their just dominion over the taste of 
our countrymen ; who, directed by 
the talents and resources of Wren, 
have attained a standard of taste and 
of knowledge highly propitious to one 
of the noblest of the nne arts, and 
given promise of increasing excellence, 
and that at length our own soil shall 
rival, in its monuments, that of Phidias. 

The day had been unconsciously 
wearing away during the course of my 
long soliloquy, and as the silence whicfi 


GFinP itepiessed with a just idea as those ndici of anitkimqRtwl 
lif the utility of your Magazine, daily meet with in. oof aoi 
Iw'Jndicio'Us and impartial man- researches hare tenred. nsl IfAmh 
A' which your Review has been albwed, I mutt ask».if theae qoiJifici^ 
aeted for these many years past, tiona extend to a piece of pfait*^? iC. it 
mot help ohserving, under the descenda with the fainiiy^ .one dope 
k_ of *' Moule's Bibliotheca He- can poaiess it, then not. abn^ fjf^ 
«," reviewed in the Number for heir; but the coat of anm extvidMJli 
mber, and Supplement, 18S£, all, to every individual of the fiuai^. 
^ alars and sarcasms upon the an- By this simple argument it is aloflie^lP- 
and noble science of Heraldry perior. Then why compare one wi||i 
he College of Arms, which is as another, when . there are ao Bum 
tsistent with the character of the weighty Teasons which can he aikhfcw 
fvrer who considers such books tocrusn the comparison? ..^ 
( as it is alike indignant to the The lines before quoted have a 9m« 
die amateur and gentleman: but dency to deter persons from apfplyiiuK 
i quietly on till I came to the fol- to the College or Arms for Uiat w«jf$ 
ig passage, which is too obvious will give dignity to birth^ and ennoUe 
It nnnoticed : without possessing a title. It baa n* 
Ltwdetman who has made his fortune, t^er a republican principle with il. 
MS not regmrd the expense, purchases That this humble letter, whioh, I 
i of arms as he would a piece of plate ; hope is couched in a retpectfnl BMII- 
Im thing implying nothmg, the dig- ner, SO at to obtain an hononrable 
sttnot be restored, unless the meaning place in your valuable Bepoaitory* n>|y 
dy attached to it be restored also." help to counteract thote ill effeclt, aSI 
rre I stand a zealous champion establish still more the dmoit ai^ 
le rights of the College of Arms, gentlemanly science of Hennldlf > 
h in those lines I consider in- which, to their honour be it tpoken, 
. The Heralds' College, 1 will is daily and hourly incieatinff aoKUp^ 
tain, is of as much force and autho- our nobility and gentrr, will be the 
t the present day as ever it was in wish, not only of mysel/, bat a nnmber 
rt times, with respect to the grant- of other friends and gentlemen, whose 
f arms ; and, it is to be hoped, so ideas correspond with my own in this 
11 continue; and the coats which respect, ana I doubt whether this will 
now grant are as lawful and full be the only letter on the subject, 
eaning as those whose antiquity While expatiating on the science, it 
confounded their origin. See may not be considered foreign to my 
lajority of our modern grants for purpose to observe, that there are some 
lice. Comparing a coat of arms tradesmen and gentlemen who come 
)icce of plate is highly reprehen- to enjoy large fortunes, order their ear- 
not only in the point of com pa- riage, services of plate, &c. and for a 
, but as derogatory to that great coat of arms refuse payment of a pal- 
Bcation of a gentleman. try sum to have them officially, look 
)on the descendants of a tradesman into that alphabetical reservoir of Arms, 
has made his fortune, and pur- £dmonson, and seize upon the pret- 
8 a coat of arms, a grant from the tiest coat and crest they can find corre- 
ge confers a lasting honour, which sponding with their fancy, and needy 
the extinction of his family can it not exactly with their own name; 
*ratc; a grandson or great grand- which arms may belong to an antient 
K>ks back with proud respect min- and respectable family, from which 
vrith pleasure, to find that his im- they are not the most remotely de- 
ate predecessors bore arms before scended. The only, hann I can wish 
thereby confirming to him the these kind of gentry (who I hope are 
of gentleman; and yet the mean- not numerous) is, that they may not 
nplies nothing! Is not a modern have descendants to enjoy their ijll- 
^fted with the same attributes of derived honours ; or that they, may 
rical allusion as an antient one? cease the bearing of them, ana apply 
it not help the genealogist aiKl to the College of Arms for otfacia» 
rian to confute many errors, and which will do honour to their potle- 
«nd the unauthorised bearing for rity. N.Y.W.& 

KT. Mag. /4^i7, 1823. . •-'Mr. 

W*fl AwrtbeM can be no qawSoa vf 
~ftuia diijpnte being one of the tribe t" 
fyiil «aiMWt by powiDillly compRhcud 
4Wfaat'is iniant by ibe lemarlubU cx- 
'bpNHOti,— " it H Imown that dupii- 
EHHta of BtcMt atier land animab exist 


lailiwbat hu "the regular gradation 
F'-Jjiianiipri*" to do with dtii queitiont 
\ mktn is no analogy in oatuie. Where 
;'liir.tba tulf qiudrnpcd, half fish, half 
; JmmI> half reptUef— No! Mr. Urban, 

twmda fornw as these mar not the gtan- 

-■imt and loteiioeu of the cteation.of 

9tb Tho («coogTuity consisu in the ad- — ^ -»_,_.,. , : ,„ ^^ 

miWBo of two distinct systcBu ofcir- Fourorthe ownunieBta binitiEflfB 

Uaiatjpu,— ^eputile, yet united,— cold lamentably inbincral with ^Ifh |^ 

..Mi^'irariD blood, — globules at once partially obscured by the tftttM/l^vfS 

)tttiptical and ciccuhr, — at once of the South ^Ileiy j namely, a ^mAe 

.dmiler and nreaier tue. I contend old monument on th« Smith wi|[a»- 

^ifcM tbb mjatal to the suppoiition. longinic to the Deane £uui^^A^,^ 

There are thioes opposite in nature, spectable one to the mtmorv qfT%tcr 

iWhUeomtnuoron ([tn use the empha. Turnery al» the Ubht inscoM,^ 

-4ic words of Holy Writ) hat li^t with his father Dr. Turner ; ni4 the.ifiimir- 

Jdarkacsa? mem of Sir Joha MecmM, ^b^^ 

,9itJt is in heatheo fable that the the North aile the artificers we^i 

~lifU»BcaDd centaur exist, — aye, and the spariof^ by not cootinoipg fl^ ■ 

Isyivn 01 "mermaid" too. quite lO far as tht: EAMcrit^waHjiib*' 

v-iiit is amid the dsrk and mystic even here, a portion of l^Q tma&imi 

■fkoi* of Egyptian mythology, that we moauoient to die Bayniog .bJnwjM 

rjdiscern a ram-headed Plhak, and a notescaped injury from these ipoliatf^ 
. iawk-htaded Arunis. — Yes! it is in In respect to the fair marble tonib 

.their sacred Ogdoad.ihal we discover mentioned by S taw to have been con - 

ihe Aiiubii arrayed with the Head of a strucied to the memory of Sir John 

dog, and the lOis-headed Tkol/i asso- RadclifFe (son of Robert I^il of Sui- 

-cieied with the Cpnocephalut Ape and sex}, and Anne his wife, no part of it 

the wheed Cnuphis. is remaining : and if ^e albreipen- 

, I shall (alie no farther notice of the tioned monument of Peter Turner, 

■subject. J. MuRKAV. which is stated in the aforesaid edi- 

tion 10 be behind this touib, be a jwt 

:h, IK criterion as to its locality, it was si- 
tuate ut the East end of the SovOh 

fOmcliuledJjvm p. %OB.J aile i but ihe inscription relative to Sir 

SIR ANDREW RICCARD, who John (who died in IbtJS), and the 

died in U>7S, was a considerable sculpture of his armorial beaiiHgs, ap- 

-ibeiM&clor to this parish, and he vest- p«ar now in the East wall of the 

','«). the advowBon of the living in five North aile^ also near to them, and 

Imstees, to be elected, from time to within a rudely exoavatad niche,. W 

itbne, from among the parishioners, an erect figure in armour, of full tiu 

;Tha present Ikctor is the Rev. Henry (and from the position of the helmet 

'iBatts Owen, U. D. behind the nect it has evidently, OBce 

".., Sir Andrew's (^ve-stone is near the lieen recumbent), well carved in. n^r- 

-fdtarj and for further panegyric, the ble, o( alabaster,, but now trunajjcd 

iibtais plate thereon refers the reader to at the knees. I take thii to V.M'' 

;ith«i. iiMcriptions which accompanied represeniatiou of the aaid ,kpii^t. 

Ilia statue, erected on the North side ..which, it seemSiwat.Qnct^ tying f£iiig 

.'>l£ ihe. Church. In this locality the the tomb; but of |he figure. ot'^H 

s.add glatoe wa^, until the construotion, .wife, who U desfl^j'ed Ip.^^e^ twpi 

'•ame jeers a^o, of the North pllerv represented in a kneeling |t9amt^jbe- 

..wtarfered with it; it was then, M- jMchia<(iB4«{tk«.iAiw[l('<y)'i*> W 


Otfi€mBa$om*^<»i «StofM[(«nfff>^)K 


'^^difir-Mifkrfattrlf been lindbv* 


nrchml g»ieway or portal at the 

ttit pait of the Church-yard, is 

specimen of the style which 
id about a century ago ; and the 
e to the smaller burial-ground, 
is Opposite to the East end of 
arch, IS one of those examples 

^though not very rare, yet, 
Dg a superfluity of carving, in 
leath's heads, crossed bones, and 
ncfa emblems of frail mortality, 
intifnlly introduced; they are 
eless objects of curiosity. The 
gs adjoining. South to this 
;round, are a portion of the 
ndia Company's warehouses, 
on the site of an edifice once 

the Navy-office ; and on this 
8 previously the priory of Cross- 
rutched Friars. 
>urs, &c. J. B. G. 

[In BAN, March 1?. 

'HOUGH the speculations on 
is ancient pile have been very 
us, yet every additional invesli- 
leems to have given new inte- 
:d to have elicited new induce- 

extend the enquiries, to satisfy 

ibts, and to elucidate by his- 

eference and even poetical al- 

the origin, purpose, and fabric 

s extraordinary monument. 
{, notwithstanding, all these 
lave not discovered its origin or 

and perhaps the most critical 
gists have not clearly ascertain- 
X)rrect grounds for decision on 
ility of the stones and pillars. 
Id not have ventured to offer 

suggestions on a subject which 
have investigated wiih much 
3enetration and practical know- 
lan I can presume to boast of, 
; the field been still left open, 
d my own deductions drawn 

very close inspection of them 
ears since, in company with a 
lan of literary talent and rank, 
let by any observations in the 
antiquarian writers mentioned 
essay of last month, p. 127. 
11 not enter into the question 
•rigin and purpose of this build- 
e day is too far spent for me to 
any you through the writers 
ire cited, though I should, if 
ry to form my mind, be much 

1 to combine some of the rc- 

MjT. Fftobffoke-rMbiit ^m imf>wm4k-0 
to b<; fhund; of 4tf d«lejfr««m^ %4 
Roman coins- found uodcpriioiSMilfi 
larger stones/' which an 'aiUid(td.4»%) 
Mr. G. without stating whar^^^f^ii^ 
are to be seen^ or .in ivhat ^eoUfN^liqii; 
they have been pres(»f«d> I tmM^^ 
conac^ myself for the Im of so pMiM 
an answer to the question of its d|if|^ 
and to reji^ret that sncha niOiiiini«9# 
yet stands m my own eouotry «<rith'JM^ 
assurance of its objectj ana witb« Ijl^ 
certainty of its date> than tfaj5 tonah^ 
Psammis in E^pt» recently ^anliK^ 
and its fac-simile exhibittd.bfbrtkw 
laborious and ardent traveller Bf^olirfv/ 
But as to the stones, I tbo^ ilM 
deprecate the acumen c^your-ikK^^ 
gical correspondents, and -then prociaad 
to entreat their (latient considera^kivKof 
the following hints. As to the tuunf; 
ber of stones, I twice earefidlyf , H^i^ 
purposely walking rooiid and tkmiii%|L 
them, numbered the. whotej- at^-^)f^ 
those which are erect, as ^osoifl9i|ta 
lie prostrate, and some whkb appfwwffi 
half covered with earth as they l^ 
and they amounted to seventy4s|i%^ 
and this number was afterwalds iD^ft^, 
borated by a person whom I met ^Ml 
at Salisbury, upon my retam tkiwiii^ 
Now, whether there is any important 
coincidence attached to this numbeif in 
either Druidical, or Greek, or Homan 
Architecture, the above writers $re 
better able to state than myself. I 
cannot say that I have found this 
number in any of the plans or elevif- 
tions which I nave examined of tem- 
ples of either Jewish, Greek, Roman^ 
or British Architecture. I proceed* 
therefore, to the quality of the stonesT} 
— Mr. Greetheed suggests, that ** the 
larger members of Stonehenge ar^ 
sarsens, similar to those called the 
grey tuethers, which protrude above 
the soil between Marlbomngh and 
Avebury. I must here take th^ liberty 
to say frankly, that those whidh I have 
mentioned as lying half under the sur- 
face of the earth, are very similar in 
quality to those at Marlborough;.. but 
that I did not find those upri^tsof th? 
same quality, and I conceive theml&bi 
of a different nature; and I do etxifyap 
myself at a loss to answer the obviaiif 
ouestion, how those which are so lying 
tnere should have been tranapofftodi^ -if 
not found in the soil, of that pai^i^f 
VV i I tshire :— for j t seems . ifiMTce^^MS^ 
sibie to allow that eMieMhe<'4af«\w 


Opinkm^iktt^ $UmWif U m Lm Jf tnfh9ng €. 

hm «ii?«C Uw writers «• th« 
infe.tvhich I now for the finl 
urd for tha take of eDquiry* 
Retire of improvemeDt, and 
jervice of truth — that -thii 
;> was a composition of wa- 
tile sand of the plain where 
erected — formed together by 
d, and raised by daily laboor, timbers raised on each 
»ep the composition together^ 
ich were suffered to remain 
t one was hardened, while the 
:ayed and has lon^ since moul- 
ito dust. If this conjecture 
rprise the lithological critics, 
il at least en^oy a few minutes 
n upon it— if they shall doubt 
wetness, one pleasant journey 
itfy their enquiries — if they 
its truth, they will perhaps not 
the theory of 

arsy &c. 

A. H. 


Immav, Dallingion, March4, 
four account of Stonehenee 
• 127)» which forms the sub- 

fche Newdigate Prize Poem 
\ in the University of Oxford, 
ke the liberty of adding, in the 
r mere literary courtesy more 
irly, some remarks of the learn- 
den, together with the testi- 
f Mons. Rupin and Rastel), 
is interesting subject. Though 
1 not, I find, go with me into 
acifui conjectures" of GeoftVy 
mouth, &c. which you will 

term, in tlie language of the 
editor of Rastell's Chronicles, 
. Mr. Dibdin, " repetitions of 
iug superstitions of the day,'* 
may be induced to agree with 

Mr. Herbert, in his remarks, 

to allow these accounts to be 
.s,'* and be unwilling to pass 
at Rastell mentions, with such 
t care. 

e adhered, as much as possi- 
ihe language of these authors, 
ixious to lose no part of the 
their several descriptions of 
[iderful place, still less to add 
ig but what stands upon such 
y as to extricate me from the 
3n of ** wildness of conjec- 
nd I may I trust say, with the 
ihronicler John Sleidan, "that 
)een intent not to go by hear- 
by common report of people. 

lull hm fwliiiil fill itun^iriidjiiftiiii 
stwy Mt of eommnom womit^m m 
least bjrieport oi inea ef#fNlky4f»r 

dit." . •. • W 

*' Aboot six mUes> from Salitbiwy^ 
says Camdifh *'is to be seepi-a ll«90 
and moostroui piece of work, mch i^' 
Cicero termeth Jnummm wu b ii t m ' ■ 
Honem.** ** For witfain the ^immUft 
a ditchy diere are ere ted in mmwifKnf 
a crown, in three ranks or coonct^-oiMr 
within another, cei4tia wiifiiiqf.'*t9A 
nnwroaoht stones, whereof aone utf 
28 feet nigh, and 7 feet bratd; vpoit 
the head of which;- >thera, like oven 
thwart pieces, do bear tad mt ammf 
wise with snuill tfnenis ^ merittm, 
so as the whole frame seemetli to imgp 
whereof we call it Siomtkef^e, lik^aa 
oar old hiatoriant termed it, fat tte 
sreatnesi, Chorem GigmUmm,*m^Om 
Giant's DanQce.' ' i > - • 

Stonehenge was erected^ amawlini 
to Rapm, in the year 4T3, by Aminos 
sins Aurelianus, in memoey of- thii 
300 Britons who were matMCfod .»ott 
the 1st of Mav, by Hen^pat the SiMM 

Rastells in his Chroniclei, •Maka.tff 
it as follows : " Aurylambroee, Kinsttf 
Bryttayn, A. D. 480, was bmriea^'M 
Stonehenge, under the great ttoMlii 
which stones the ■ Britons say, om 
Merlin, who was begotten of a wo« 
man by the Devil, brought out of Ire- 
land by the craft of masic ; which di« 
vers men think standetn neither with 
good faith nor reason. And also the 
Britons say, that this Merlin told and 
wrote many prophecies, whereon they 
greatly rely. But other clerks and 
great learned men give litde credeoce 
to them. And also tney say, that those 
stones were never brought out of Ire« 
land by Merlin, but that they were 
made by craft of men, as of cement and 
mortar, made of flint stones.*' 

"And what marvel," says Camdent 
** read we not, I pray you, in Pliayi 
that the sand or dust of Puteoli being 
covered over with water, becometh 
forthwith a very stone?-— that the cis*" 
terns in Rome of sand, digged out of 
the ground, and the strot^est lime 
wrought together, ^row so hard, that 
they seem stones indeed?— «nd that 
statues and images of marble chipptngs, 
and small grit, grow together so cocn- 
pact and firm, that they are deemed 
entire and solid marble V 

*' One reason,'* continoes BaHell, 
*' they allege thereto, because thoj^e so haid.th9t no vnm tool.wiU 


Mrj'<Oi^nM'* 'Willi- 


•»l<lr;'Pwew«l"i papen 

HVlo be Bnon Of JvmA 

9y 4w M9* " ih^ hB*e Imw I 

»«f Neirton and HMwrfelS t «Ml 

nt' ftmiliM in the cMintj Jwte 

t^ alluneet with them. Mr. 

I'tD bit Sui*et, givn an epitaph 

■^ la ihia broiiy, whicli wai'coo- 

1 «tth the Havdockt, Gernudt, 

■enz, the Leigtit, &c. at New- _ 

Mtwr extract, from the MSS. of Sl^jSai^'*! 

-fooion. «q. of Peel. giv« a ^SSS.* J 

the great Bamiw of LancathiT* ^LihoiraS 
' Rogn Pktavetuig, atfollowii 

TCniM, iBd K>nih«niiwiiMi» I <■« 

Ftemh^ and Waher (mm ^taMri 


•MHdiH, VIoeeoniM njv d< Dobf , 
iftUn, Buo d( Wdnu,— Fipnni 
, :JIbo (b Wmrrbtoa,— ■" 


retting a* that 

Engliu bmilii 

— Albartn* the (ate of tbei 

w IB iTunctwHn',— iIuriD, Bam amons tbeir 

Neaton, — Wannua Buuel, Baio da „|,i™l iiu„in, 

rttmn, — R<veTila MantbegDU, Bm 

nbj,— W. M*nh*ll, Bho da Cwt- 

'AL Rffmingni, Baro da Glaatonj— 

1 haoMtt and Robart de Furaaai, 

m di Ultantoe, — Wm. da I^uoaatcr, 

• NadiaivbawlaJa,— Tbaabaldu* Wil- 

n da WeMoD." 

Ij a few of these are to be found 

c^ale, Banks, or Collins, or in 

srmant, extinct, or esisiing Ba- 
e or Peerage, I have yet met , 
I should suppose these Barons .i"""", 

Ri^t' of Poictou, were similar 
ise under Hugh Lupus, Earl of 
eFj as to whom. Banks in vol. I. 
i, says, they were " merely li- 
f or analogically Barons, with 
■t to ihose of the kingdom, nay, 
th all knighta; but they were 
'catest men in the countVi under 
111, for power and estate. ' 
tke above, nevertheless, 1 should 
•e that Bussel, BiiTin (Bunin or 
iofKochdale),Ilbert Lacy, Lan- 
, and Monlbegon, were Barons 
s they are mentioneil 

phiral inquiiy 
meat of the 
house, viz. tlu 

Gttterai Puiwan was dcKendet) Bm^ 
a good family in £D((laDd, and WW|on)i 
among the orional Kttlo* eininWi^ 
10 Aineri(». He airi*ed diqip Man 
after the celebnted Captain WmI 
Standish, whose encounters with t^ 
native Indians, though but little 
known in Great Britain, are trodi- 
itonal in that part of America, where 
his imraediale warfare wag carried on. 
Captain Standish was a famous war- 
rior among the primitive settlers; he 
was descended, according to his own 
account, from a family of distinction 
in England, and was the heir apparent 
of considerable estates, — Duxbury and 
others in Lancashire, unjustly detain- 
ed from him, in consequence of the 
civil wars in England during the reign 
of Charles l._ He therefore deteraiiny 
on uniting himself with a company of 
Advetiturers, who were preparing tO 
BkTslist'of'BaronT by'unur™ f^^ =■ ''^,"" ^""^^^ ,'° ""unknown 
of the titles under Roger also '?"''■ ""t ^'^cordinglv wiled with 
^ them to New England, from the pe- 

riod of l6S0 to 1640. In the Nether- 
lands he became acquainted with Mr. 
Robinson, and Joined with the othet 
t«,>,»m„=^ members of his party. CapUin Stan- 
x>.d Lacy, &e."Lord Byron of having been trained to anni. in 
'''* 4 « continued title. War- . p„4j,|^ „^ ^^^^ „^^ ,j^ 
a and Manchester yet give liUes, 49 Han. III. ■hen writi rf MmoM to 
tmblj not to any descendants 01 IWUmmm mn fitM limi. 1' 

W*.Kta.y4pnt, lais. 1 ..V aoH^ 


r Rogei 
r to have continued ; as in me 
ry of the House of Stanley, pa. 
nd in Blome's Britannia, n.Sug, 
(•t other titles of that family, are 
of Earl of Derby, Baron of Wee 

^'Ol^'BeH, 'tLtsA'Zemhera,ii}n oiir ttonyboC the «hi|» tfrifttt,'«We'%«V 

ig^mt'Timii; t«>liere we rednSmd oUigfcd to lite Mnl^' Mitt IMNf '^Mwr 

M%». r Fktom whence W4^ eoa^ Hjghtt aM iilnAflsTttt' tklif #(#*• rtMW 

our course to the island GaHinfi ^e riiMe'saH Hife tateil^ft^ ^^ * '< io 

l»<i6D' 'miles distant^ where we Biptiit. GaAtf i«f'iEl|'toehdr ill- 

4dt)ff'4Hid on for some time. A Baj of ^nis^'aiM soon ibrtii^^jiii 

^was formed for going on shote. for goin]^ tO' th6''to#ti;"Wlltehr;*tt'^ 

bad- made all necessary prepare- miles ' ^ntaort frOto ' 4he'*'>iilcAi^finli# 

.for. remaining two or tnree days. The first place we came ^-Wss IfWifi 

i0me vessels were perceived at an- tress, whtch' d<ffhids'the'dO(At^4tflb^ 

tkise under the land, which pre- and Mp$\ it is exiled Ae wm li ^ : 

sdoitf doing so, as we did not TheTto is a canal herCi ^Which^i^#^|^ 

r to :have any communication with throu^gb the doek-yaid iiitt>'« 

u i , ' about ibuir leet in deplby atfd 

le-i^and of Galitti is steep and un- miles across, to 'Tdnii, whieh' h' 

bited I it has verdure on it, and shorteai way. ' « * •>^^ 

Ms with goats and rabbits; it is The Goietta appcM miidb' tvMM^ 

ff II or. 12 miles in circumference, fortified than any TurfciiSi pliyee>I-1ilij|i^ 

bin' this island we went to Bt- yet been to. Tneirgire'tW^ ftandi^ii^ 

i^ a l^wn on the coast of Bar- pieces of cannon j and lM restl'^&^l 

; Wheie we anchored about six or amount to SO or M pledH;-'ai«* i«l*^ 

1' miles distant from the town, proper state to defend the place. Tb«ftt^ 

iextremely dangerous to land only are a great nmnber o£ iedl a»d*^|fa^ 

mile frt>m the town. I cannot mingo's on this lake, acid the wMej^iV 

aore for it than that of Tripoli ; it of so saline a nature, that by the'tiilli^ 

I ibfltttal running through it, which we got across our coats were uUl ift 

dot four feet in depth, and runs wkiie,- The town is in good doMHM 

dlstieinceinto the country, abound- tion; it is likewise the largest' 

vith fish of all sorts. Fruit is very is' bad enough, as lliey all ife 

[y,laVgebasketsfull of figs just from this coast. Sbme of the street^ 

ree for 6c?. and grapes a penny a paved. It is divided into five different 

d; melons are four or five for ! J.; districts, which arc called Franka'- 

»ueh it appears cheap to us, you Turks' Moors* Greeks* and Jcfws* 

rely upon it we were imposed on. Town. We remained till 12 o'clock 

w miles from hence, there is a co- the next day, having found; an ili4' 

^f, and a great number of boats kept by an Italian, which is er^n^ftr 

imployed fishing for it; it is ex- rarity in this quarter of the WorKr.'''C* 

ely dear, as they send it to Tunis went on shore again, and remaitted' 

ale. two days at the Vice CJonsul*s hou^^; 

e have been cruizing about the he is also an Italian, but speaks En^ 

;, and passed by Trebarea, a small lish extremely well. • ■'•«; 

je. We then took a run down Carthage is not for distant. Cdpiii 

le coast of Sicily, but did not an- now modern Carthage, is abreast' el* 

. We are now looking for Keith^s us about five miles. We stairted- 'dt 

and have experienced very bad four the next morning, in the bbat 

her almost all the time we have that took the watering jparty ashfor<^.- 

out; we perceived breakers, and There is nothing remaming worlftiy 

/; ■•** 

'I'l ■' .• 

Pkmtelariaj the ancient Cosjra, is also a small island in the Mediterraoeaa^ sitoated 
)^ Sicily and the coast of Africa. It is 34 miles in circumference, and rises; in povx^ 
to a considerable elevation. It produces com, fruit, olives, and oottooiin ab.vndance. 
ahabitants, which are above 6000, are exposed to Uie incursions and plunder of the 
try Corsairs, who frequently land and carry off whole fiimilies. The island belongs, 
r the title of a principality, to the house of Riequisino, in Sicily. It is 60 milea fiwn 
ala (in Sicily) , and the same distance from CM>e Bon^ near Tunis. .7 

Another small island In the Mediterranean, between Sardinia and the' Aflifeata'eoSst, 
.W. of Birerta, and 93 N.W. from Tunis. 

A town belonging to Tunis ; it occupies the site of tba snlieiit Hippo.' It iS Aetflm 
in circumference. .' '• '»»*'!■; 


K^viiiirtiiii ii iniumni iiumi^- 


_jj in Mm. moral like •■ 

iMrfiiiidn nf hijjjrnn : uul badudlbcr' 

- ■* i,.»«;iHIl«. ThB*—- ' '-' 

a of dni 

■btnWfiorai Eag|Ut,r#«k'« _ 

»KikH^tMqi, «b4 tnlMfHirMiH 

flrfibiHrtJMlfwnVfl''*hlM^''r ' 

bena to^'Mtdtt)! M «h* WMft _ 
uB«k< all dM «olM»'i««*C>^ % 
(imA dwIcMa- )M AM *B dWAll 

hwt, •MtMf.-r '"'-^ •- ^ 

rad hri mite. ' 

.Wa jnMiiMiI at Akfilill^ t^^ 
MtOBv^a^ Ma l4iMitDc4f IwM-IMHL 
'ma abMaiUaiymAmiil tA H t«(M iii >*, 
" '-■-^^li■lte^^hrt'taf'Aw> 

.•■« .Gwrarnot'i; he ii aboM. 
. H«Hni«£!ne,Widiilli aodMid tw 
I iilfcdi mate wfacwnl >Mit day to we: 
; 4»MuPk'lammtinghettBi'obUgedts< 
' 4itais<M<RM>l^ «!):)>» life. Wc 
I 0t'tli *l)n9 in mdkms, md neat 
I ■MainffwcBtoa ibore in dw cnttcr 
■■ Aiiign.'-io brinR him and hi* gnanli 
(ft' Tlw Gonsol went with ni. We 
found him squatted on a couch in ihe 
Halt of JuMiee, surrounded by his 
gDords J he ordtwsd cliaits and coffee 
to be brought; and when .we had 
fiaialied, the Consul asked us to move 
OB one Bide for the Sheikh to pro- 
ccod with his business. The case 
bio«f;ht before him seemed to be a 
diqiute between four Arabs; a written 
foper was handed to him ; he looked 
attentively at it for a few minutes, 
suddenly tore it in half, and threw 
il fiDin him, when two of them ran 
and. hissed his hand; this was because 
ilfWBi decided in their favour. One 
of the orfieis began to grumble ; the 
Sfaeikh said something to him, but 
it'would not quiet him. Tlie Go- 
vernor iheii made some sign, when 
two of the guards seized him, and pro- 
ceeded la I»«linado him ; they placed 
biiii on the ground gainst a poet, and 
got a piece of wood about three feet 
[vfc an<l <^g^' inches thick, with a 
coed from end to end, through whidk 
bis feet were )nit, then twitted until 
tuiite tight, earft end supported by 
ofH man, to a auScient height for thft 
penon to inflict die puni^ment, which 


- U is tW MMal apMoB (ht-'MI 
British Me B»l-CRMe« M'llie -Hm 
\my tmk, fant U Is tjtritc^'^ta 'MKtf 
iniT ;'■•"> bSM MMMivtMl MWnHrVlF 
beliodts. Sec. et <tt«ry phee tnj tWt^ 
been to. The Consulate is fiRed b* 
Italians all along the co«n, Tri^F 
excepted. The Turks etoily discin;! 
^ish an En^ishman, whoro they-coriv 
sider as next to themselves : th«y hdt%''. 
a great opinion Of their owtl C(mii(l|f«' 
men, and have not the sligbtnt idtl^ 
of England. There is on the beacN'-' 
a castle, bnllt by snitie Spanish pilktefej'- 
who failed in an attempt to lAe tlie* 
island ; the consequence was, thM* 
were all massacred by the TnrbSj ftiM- 
built With iheir skufft^ 

* A inall iiluid dso m the Medtt*m^ 

■iMii,*baatSl mllniu -' '■- . nif" 

ly ■ Uvel nicfiiee, uid of 4 licb' uit, h, Sk 
tnuulialHtad, both on account of it* rieiailp 
to the {umticil wt of Bsibuy, sad hnwiaei 
the queiUou of lU prupeitj U uuMlJwlt be-, 
ing the aol^cct of & nevv-eodiiig Uw-suit {p 
tlw Couiti uf S1d)y sod Mslta. It bis ^ 
«picious bubaur, open only to lb* North. 
It ■• not aecudbli on the WHtg but On 
the Sonlh-eut, neu Ae port, rpod mcbot-' 
iiffi ii fbimd. It is ISO mllai Sontb at Si- 
cily, TO W.&W. of Malta, mkT SI -fflllHr 


9MHaqn llf Sl> Peter io luwtoii» 

M(ii%r]|iifiitiillr &|; Pek) Cfe(* 

%niii4- i^ifftlea^aia j and th^ 

qfigti MsJlttbewio I(HwUh, Le- 

gjhwiy TJK>rp^ &c» with reveniMB 

mfid^V parifihtt^ were impio- 

h^4|bis Priory. 

m Aoa^oM* JFilliam de Bodi* 

^Bmfiile, 1354. 

:«« «fp Badele, and WiUiam hk 

Mffli^ .iJBuf^gfeiiMf. litf Gippewieo, 
rfyibo^ ^ve rents in Ipswich to 
MtRteia lights at the altar of the 
i'iS^fy, in the Chureh of this 

md.ihWat^ikam, 1207* 
JtickanL 4e Brewse and AUcekis 


MJBATiosr. St. Peter and St. 

WMlMri^ (fiNhthi lil»{ wit ffrtWiiiii 
tiofliiof <lWs SiiM tQ«N ifi thiw lUiHi 
any ti»iig>b hct^luMrJFrittMp^NbM^ 
the i«|Nrei(iilitioak0f. to<lift4li]Mii|M» 
<did aeids/aod otb<yr i|Maiinriii%Tl« m 
found In the Cahiaeiji of Amiyati<» 
both in this QOi]pl«y.aaiion<^e«fiiil»^ 
neat. She is always rxeprasentDt •• 
contending wkha Emgoni.amitof,A» 
circnmstanca I have not heen aMB><l^ . 
obtaifl any satis&ctory rTpfinati^ii ; 
bat prodsely the .same desi^ js Ipib* 
ibond in all the auMt antientfigpte^iC 
this Saint ; and it migralso be remarked, 
that the Dragon is intiodootd^ la f^ 
same fixm aa her Taa^shed sMrtl 
in Raphael's splendid {MetiU99b> Ibtnae^ 
ureaerved in, the CoHiiaf eb 'iR4M»^ «t 
iP^xw, £rom which so nulfty engnwingi 
have been made by the Freodk as^ik; 
It is probably, emblemalical oftsome 
particular circumstance in hei hittflfj^ 
of which there tSamv poaiibly be. ipjiMa 
l^ndary story in France or Italy^ '»« 
it does not seem quite oertaiilwMAi 
of the St. Maigarets is intgnded ioitlijai 
picture) therewere four Saints ?«l4hat 
name. The most anttent wa» St Mai^ 
garet of Antiodi» wheve she soAwNi 
martyrdom in the last geoecal p er s » B»* 
■tion. Her name occum in ll»e aUflItt 
Roman and Greek Calendats*: and-ip 
the <* LUany inserted in ike MRmmm 
Order*,*' and her body is still kept 
embalmed at Monte Fiascone in Tns- 
cany. She is one of the tutelar Saints 
of Cremona^ and Vida has composed 
two hymns to her. I am also in poa- 
session of a Sonnet to her, whioh I 
may transmit for some future number 
of your Magazine. It seems that this 
is the same baint whose festival oocurs 
in the English calendar on the 89dk 

Another St. Margaret is celebrated 
in the Romish Calendar on Feb. d. 
St. Margaret of Cotona, on Feb. 8^ ; 
and St. Margaret the Queen, June IlO. 
Besides which, two other holy persons 
of this name are recorded in the Ca* 
lendar, on Jan. 28, and September 9, 
who were never canonized. Any iob* 
formation relative to these subject!), 
will be gratifying to 

Yours, «c. O. Ow 

H^ftNT* A small Monastery, af- 
rdii a. College. 

I.IIATION8. Taxatio Ecclesias- 
ki^i (in 54 parishes), 4QL l\d. 
I in. 1534 as a College. 
AUT^BA. Dugdale places this 
! ilun<Magst those aliens which 
mppressed by the statute of Lei- 
D»il Henry V. 1 4 14. Mon. AngU 
y^i he is certainly mistaken, or 
A-again restored. It was sup- 
id .6 March, 1527, by Cardinal 
ey ; who founded in its stead a 
5e to the honour of the Virgin 
. The last Prior was William 
n, who was living at the time of 
B3BNT Possessor, Dykes Alex- 

part of this Priory, till the dis- 

y of this crypt, was known to be 

ning — though considerable foun- 

w have at different times been 

up in St. Peter's Church-yard, 

he adjoining gardens ; the site of 

^riory occupi^ six acres at the 

lution. A great number of hu- 

bones, in a very perfect state, 

jremoved in forming the drain 

h crosses the garden, and enters 

tueet within a few yards of Wol- 

gateway. L. I. 

•« Urban, March 9. 

SERVING in a former number 
of your Miscellany, the figure of 
rtpus antique seal, bearing the 
li^ image of Saint Margaret, 
iQCompanied by several queries; 
A induced to look back to the 

Mr. Urban, 

High Wucmmbe, 

YOUR Correspondent, who signs 
O, at page..5g4 of.liie ckMUng 


• BnUer^ viyUim.>p. VHf 




■V •» »*.' 

^metipthn of ike IMm f»f «* on- 
Oltlf^'diiettfertd nemr P^Jeaqwa %n 
Ht^m 1^ Gnatenak tn SftMOth 
rttft|..ilrajistotorf >ojr> <A« Original 
i^or^ import ^ Captain Don An- 

eraw,. or A Critical Investigation 
Search into the History i^ihe Ame- 
^ , jBv .Doc/or Paul Felix Cabrera, of 
S^'^Weu? Giiatemala. 4/0. /»p. 128. 

B abrays prefer books, on His- 
i-fc-loricu. aubjeGls in |)articular, 
: iMomiie to inform us of new 
«Nrkttcs in the History of Man- 
Uthinr would dcligdt us more 
. model in fac simile of Noah's 
for tlie aJVanlage of knowing 
Iriv'what things were, is, that 
» birth to improvements ; and 
i*-archetype was once known, 
Attld, by a little aid from bis- 
ind how and when these im- 
■enM commenced, and these 
would suggest others. We do 
MPw that we have made the best 
■tion of our meaning, but the 
, that it is involved in a truism: 
discoveries furnish new suggcs- 

The Jfsuits' bark was disco- 
in South America; and the Ma- 
\ Compass has been said to have 
pievailed in Asia. Grand con- 
ices have resulicd from both 
discoveries, and we have opened 
ime concerning a new country, 
the hops of finding something 
I would augment the comforts 
xmvenieuccs of mankind ; for 
Bg- short of this (missionary 
pies excepted), or a profitable 
lercial intercourse, can reconcile 
ita acquaintance with any coun- 
on pnnciples of reason or hap- 
u Who would emigrate to Ota- 
for pcrmai-ent residence? 

person has collected more con- 
iff the early History of South 
ica than Solorzano *. From him , 
ears, that the Natives themselves 
I, in the accounts of their oricin, 

'tfioTogy, before the date of His- 

j . — — — 

te Indiamm Jure, fol. Lugd. 1^72. 
tT^r referring to Robertson, because 
thir txnok. 

rv.-Ma«. Aprily IS 23. 


tory» stating thatthw wert»bq|pWW 
by th« Sun^ th« Soy Cvm^'lMk, 
& <SoIortMio» pi <to)i mM Hftt 
Alexioa Vanegaft ffooUH'AttmA'^ 
the country having bMB-.tie«flBM|f a 
col<Miy of CartlM^UuMi, Midi^'tiiat 
John Goropiut Beeaniiiyt»*4|Mlt Aty 
were the Hyperbor^iAfl ^ tlM Olli- 
sical Ancients. !i)okift«Ho,' htkfWfir, 
coofesies that mHhing Mniio'€ilr%e 
faid of the origirf «f tbetiattVe*Aaife- 
rietinsi and (hit the ahofe^aecottaMwe 
without foondiflion; (ll»:7l.'89kl Amm 
some cmious paperSi hd#evar, w'tAe 
NoHeet de$ MSS. it cer«ainly>4oeri^ 
directly appear, tint AiAeriea iira|Hf6# 
discovered by Cblombtis i ' and Mlit 
this «v«rk (t>. 116) H does ato'mkii^, 
that the fwo continents of 
America are fiQ' nioni' AMfllAnfMa 
Itnguew from aach otlMrs't.^'HMMlr- 
mne miles only, iMitlf m^tkmmt 
street. The grand hisMnrieal pi o l%ifci 
(as oar Aathor>calls it) «f tiM'ifkt 
population of ScMith AnieH<^» tka^itk, 
therdbre, wa tbitik» IM a feitsMMMe 
doubt t; and most certain We vir«^y*tfMt 
the second plate, with its snccessiaii 
of stories, and windows answering 'to 
the cardinal points, has all the charac- 
ters of a |>a^da. The costumes sin 
seem to us Asiatic ; namely, fantastlcy 
gorgeous, and tasteless. Tlie dma- 
ments and styles of tvery thing afae 
likewise monstrous, like Chinese dra- 
gons. In every human figure, hilt 
one, the features are the same, a fllbal- 
low forehead, enommus aquiline Doai^» 
projecting; upper lip, and recedtnk 
chin. The seats are formed of pam 
of animah, a fashion known to bJrdp- 
rivcd from the Orientals, as pfaifAf 
appears from Titsingth's Japan. Stfc 
lorzano adds (p. 18b) that the Smith 
Americans hacl no knowledge oT"^^ 
hides, or the use of beasts eft burden, 

t The Welch colony of Indians is well 
siipi'ortcd : bat in 16*60 we find a d tiet tll tfl, 
" Jews in America^ or proba fa i Kt i sS tbat 
more Indiana are Jviduiou wamAa moM fil^ 
bablo, by some additionah to ths mntr 
conjectures. By Thoa. lliogbwgoady S.T3* 
Norfolciaaais." Mercur.Puikii, M'^f, 
Aug, 2S— ^d, l"<16'0. 

* 'i 

*i * 


(divJTt t}f the namevdoi 'prbdocdontf 
*"^iy!l«>*^, iiSbwe Would be de^ 
flraikt'iii^ Biftdo^iiuunm pi^' 
•i^lMd oom tilied» eut, &c, 
WU^-pdtiS^et, lk«. &e. ikmM b* ob- 
i^ttiiiitiBlir mere BKidemte prtoe tbaa 
Mrtr; ' Mi4» BO doubt, tbe poor-ntt^ 
iNMi) £«d the beaeficiel emct of m 

lfa« daitiiictton of the Eddystone 
iMWC-by dre, Dec. 4, 176d» 
MWi'of the men was "looking 
Hk iflie utmost attention to ace 
PB^ion and suocesft of the water 
!,.»«' ^uanti^ of lead» dissolved 
I heat of tfaya flames, suddenly 
Jike a torrent from th^ root, 
S-tiot otily on the man^s hei^, 
^foA shoulders, but over his 
1^ ^uki a part of it made its way 
jk' his snirt- collar, and very 
%tomt his neck and shoulder; 
Mi moment he had a violent 
d sensaticm, and imagined that 
ftitf -of this lead had passed down 
jroM and got into his body.*' p. 

B name was Henry Hail, and though 
i years, being of a good constttu- 
) was remarkably active, considering 
> of lile. He had invariably told the 
f who attended him (Mr. Spry, now 
y, of Plymouth) that if he would do 
ig effectual to his recovery, he must 
VB Stomach from the lead, which he 
; was within him ; and this he told, 
f to Dr. Spry, but those about him, 
in a very hoarse voice. The reality 
fusertion seemed, however, then in- 
Ito Dr. Spry, who could hardly sup- 
(MMsible tnat any human being could 
ter haViug received melted lead into 
aach, much less that he should be 
bear towing through the sea J&om 
Ir^ and also the fatigue and incon- 
if from the length of time he was 
on shore, before any remedies could 
lad. The man did not shew any 
m, however, of being either mucJi 
NT of amendment, till the sixth day 
i accident, when he was thought to 
9tm He constantly took his medi- 
od swallowed many things, both li- 
Lsolidi till the tenth and eleventh 
ti^ which he suddenly grew worse ; 
"twelfth day, being seized with cold 
ttid;'spB8ms, he soon after expired. 
bd% l^e stomach. Dr. Spry tbmid 


fll .U7.a«Mri|1#«l 

Loo^i i >«t» «±<M|M|^ic»^irbBaflii^ 

fbrmatilni given to Mr. Bml^ thflMi ^"^ 
fie of Pbiperni abdiilr tf^^Mtbi}^ 
had iQCb a dialect «tti^jllt thait^^ 
even the" inhafaitltitti of £J||f6e^ 
scarcie itoderatitod'wh^l' 
123). In our Heview "^f;' 
MonaMicon (iroL t^.liv' liM] 
oeeasimi to noiteb Ch« ^MlMI 

dinerenoc of tnilecttS' vfltf ifiMbivf 

ing id England. ' • -«^'«J^ *• ^y^W 
In page sum i9t httt ^mn'iitddijiMSi^ 
perfatfpaonly jocoie»'^ a t/Mon^'MP 
having tectfrved]^ #hftt "« 
to he a'rqral yfnMnti^t' 
makelr'at the Inrthier 'eiid df tiM^i 
to read- ft • ^ * ■ •^^'^ j*.:it;-^vdi ' 

He^ we cake 'iMiflette^dr Iflift^ 
tertainhiff wot%/ >i^lifeh'^^1ir i" iMW 
compendinm of theTci 
formation which the 
affords. We woold reeoitiiwbd' 
ture Hittorians of |ilaceft Tdry' 
from the Metiopoliir» td iKytMf 
culiarities, dialectic &e. of tbe 
for we know that they vary i 
more refined parts. ' 

• ^. ..■ i-.: y*LHq 

63. Universal Techwbtgieal Dietiomarfff.^* 
a Ftmiiliar Explanation qfthe Terms twsii« 
in aU Arts and Sdenees, canUumng 4^ 
nxtions draumfrcm the Original IVriifirs^ 
and illustrated by Plales, Diagramsj^ O^r. 
SCc, By Geo. Crabb, A.Jkf* Author rf^ 
'' English Synonimes explamed,'* t vou^ 
4to, Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. 

DICTIONARIES are to Philos<>-. 
phers statistical documents. They show^ 
the state of things in the countries i%; 
which they refer; for things miisl~ 
have names, and names must eichifeiti 
things. Let us suppose that a man 
searches an Anglo-Italian Dictionavy^** 
but finds no appellation for 6e»*lignt.- 
or Steam-engines ; of course thel'e^aro ^ 
none in Italy. In the same manner^. 
the list of Bankers in a London tH-** 
rectory shows that it is a lar^e com*-, 
raercial city. Upon this prindple,. iba- 
work before us displays the vast muU - 
tipHcity of the arts, sciences, traces, 
and professions, carried on in Giefiit: 
Britain ; and, by inference»«howBtiui|v 
the inhahttants form a g^«at^. wise, in* • 
senions, end affleent people; -Themivfc. 
fortune, however, is^ that aooat d^o*^: 
tionaries have beenT^'^meitt eA^efof^ 


. ,. Hfiieri.. 

jEt<W.i«Fr«»>i i. 1768. Art i»- -HHirti^,!, wartiftJ«ljUlii(Biid|^ 

#la4.,c(«idiUaii, uid SilbouetU, > on of tW kpCMkt<iM^II^'4iM4RMR tf^ 

Mi«u>. who wouWhold no inter- cU«i b. fci)(w> atWri»;'ttrM-|ii««»J' ■ 

■Ah fiMUCim or lotn-iBongBrj, .^^ jj 

iDtrm DO othei expedient to pre- ^„ ^ 

udOnkl Ivnfaniptcj, thm nceuiva ^^ ^ 

'■' aid intennlmbla Tefimn ! Firii nolioe o 

lltat mstTOpolii, DO more th«a Lon- (^.jg^ < , 

•ta a 'Plito or ■ Zeno enold lour -pj^ k^ 

MiT ef im«, withoat incoiTiiitr di j„^,_. 

whoftfaewrnchadwiu! Atlrrt j^*^ 

itaodnl to taka bb ulnce, Bkeralj to q,^^] 

hiu 1 — tlie J cut their ooata ihortcr, jg^oe ' 

t.tbon witliotit demn; they ton- anoInM 

gold u)idf-b(HM into loogh vooden ^^^ • j, 

$4 tix Ko-^abiDiud ponniu wn* jgj_ • 

,profileiof.6«.trKedb,.bliwk „^ 

Ml the ibidair cut b<r > cuidle on j^^q j^ 
' ' ' All the hihioDi uiumed u 

&tSy economy, tUl poor Silhoo- j^J^ 
^en ioto tevfremeDtrwlth JI U. ^L ™ 

• df wringi uid refarma I bntbuleft 

foftaahi and meliDoludj *• hi* own ^j^ j^^ 
of Wal 

b the »mc article, we quote jwtifc* 

Jmpli on pailiamentaiy nick- '""^ 


« paople biv* firaqiundy eipraaud hk Am 

w> ■otinu of diSireot parlbuDMtta eatan i 

e tpt Dick-nune. In Richw^ Am being ' 

a time, to eipreu their dislike of .ble to 

fiordlnaty and irtegulu proceeding! nrnde uo 

[x>rdi BgLinit the Sovereign, as well teroii 

•lO^uin&ry measurei, thej called it try. It ii not marvel,' coa^uM tha per-. 

Btrnder-Tcorking anil the unmerafiil ,oniBer of Stocley, ' that he wa> angnr with 

lent.' In Edward the Third's reign, me at hit death tor bringing Lim hMkJ 

be Black Prince was yet living, the Beiidea, being a man of lo great a wit, ii 

lent, for having punued with leverity wu no amall grief, that a man of mean wit 

ty of tbe Dulie of I*ncaster, wae in „ I ,hould be thijufht to go bnond bin.' 

■, that the people diiiingnished it ai No ! Sie an dtbi^tar arte. Ifequt enmi 

d Parliament. In Henry the Third'i /ex jutUor vlla al quam necii crt^a iiru 

■^M Parliament op|iojing the King, pmre mi. (Thii apt Utlnitj betrayi Dr.' 

••-' tparliammiuia imamm,' the Sharpe.) Bnt why did you not eaecnte wmf 

becBiue the Lords came coramiMion biayefy (lyenly) ?— Why J My' 

1 the confirmation of tha eomminioQ wia to the contiaiy, to dbM-' ' 

hvter. A Scottish Fariiament, from ver hii preteniioni, tad to aeiia hli waatK 

tttiul ihiiWngs from place, WM ludi- papers," &c. 

■Bitk-named the nmni-ag Parliament. "Jut the Doctor, though no m^Kd 

ame spirit we had our long Parlia- writer, here wroM in vaini for wW iiCe- 

and others beating latlrical or lau- ouity can veil die turpitude of Isog m^ 

epitheti." prsctiaed treachery ? To keep vp ^>peBr-_ 

I ..<• . Ti' . r.L n 'ij anccs. Sir Judas resorted more tban luuallr 

he ■SecrelHisloryoftheBn.ld- „ ^^. ,i„„, i,„„^,, b, was «ri^ 

fBlenheim.' there is a ciirioiw i„»l|. enduring rebuft, or avoided, u oto 

ntoftheartificeofSirJohnVan- inftcted with the plague of treachery. Ri 

to make the D«ke respoosible, oS,^ ,he King, in his own JuitibMhu,' 

if the Ouke'9 resentment ; but to take the aacrament, that whatMef hi 

m poiis over to give a single in- had lud to RawMgh't i 
: of moral retribution in in e fate would prvduo* two m 
Lewis Slucley, the belrayec of neiaea to dp tha fika. 

veepfliMtalih wH' 

4m &U CoUun : Jeeompanat t]p DtfCT^tiBt NtUati iif 
M TuRMr, At- F-R. and jiS. a 
|U.fp..iU. J. o^A. Aieh. 
j'tpolc^ie fbr'not IttTing pre- 
' noticed the completion of thii 
k> Work. Stro imJ trrto we 
(date Meun. Tnrner ind Cot- 
iHc Koompiiafaed antiquary and 
ottift, who have pmented thne 
icent volumes to the world. 
tbiUnding oor proximily to the 

'of Normandv, their natural 
, oqr ancient intimate connec- 
rjtb tbem, and more than all, 
KmUng cajtellaled and ecele- 
litdiftce* with which they are 
ndantl; adorned ; witil the ap- 
M wf Or. Docaiel's " Andn- 
»■ Antiquities" the Englith 
hnnn ilningeTs to that eountiy, 
'tiie natiTC hittonan* had de- 
B'NtDSTHiA PiA. Very much 

early hiatoiy of England owea 
itiatiun to the pens of Norman 
.; and it was an ungrateful re- 
K the benefits we had derived 
.hose Buihnia not to visit the 
f from which verv many of our 
y deduce iheir blood and alii- 
which furnished our monas- 

wilh cBlligraphisls, our cities 
rtlsans, and introduced a lon- 
whtch, in the courts and upper 
, usurped for three centuries the 
of the Saxon mother- loiigue. 

tame time it must be allowed, 
^&tever reproach attaches to us. 

<iH' tMi^ttor 

eoH'iiMr ocrelof't 
nffe dcvotti Hro wl.-- — 

fail decnitUiOD* weiDrii^tiY,,! 

Tiew. Tbe I 

copyin*. — Nodierantfi. 

cttum of Tamer tnd CNhdta I'f dif 

moit yn omit tti tata&ott, nr'Bik 
words of die prebce, "Hme^DrtB)^ 
moBt dulinguiiihed andquarteforWe 
present day, M. M. Le Provotl, RoD- 
deau, and De Gerville." 

Mr. Cotnian's inducements for 'croif^ 
ingthechannel'are given in the pce&ce! 

„ ,;ed b tha 3 
of thit ArchltAotun] 

,e oppMi 

of Normuidy : mi luch would pH^pai)rIf 
l»lhee«iB, if, lileMr.Cot - "- - -' - 
■ttichmant to hii profcui 
ject, fae ahould chuce to laa a imoaqc* 
in Norfolk. Thit poTtioii of tb> Ki^^l(m 
of tlu Eut AaglM, in itelapgn^ Mdls, 


I dtaif my inlbnnition from * veiy lingalu munuript in th* laptdoraa CaH»i 
tiah I think hu been mittikRi for a lioy'a ciphartng book, of vUeh it liaa nmIi 
MTMiog, No. 741 , fo, b7, n it itu<]i In (he uietioiicar'i oatalogua. U mff— n to 
Jaotion daielf written, extracted out of Anthony Woad'* papm | *iid •• I ban 
'«d in the muuicript, numeroui no^cet not dfawhera prawrred, I am inelinad tp< 
iMths (noacriber copied than from tha mu* of Anthony Waod'*puwi,cf«bif^ 
MB «>e tack full *u burnt at bia deaire befora Ud, wboi dyi^. If if Im aBi.UWI.' 
iha only wgiitar of maiy cuiioui &cti. . . 

■ Jouon ou been too freely ceoiiued for lus own Eras oennuw. and pailiwibtly 
b* Dwde on Sir Walter Kawleigb, vho, be told Druounondi ' *MMiB«d nun Am*. 
Mcianoe. Tlu bat vnis in EngLuid lerrt emplosid )» meltiiis ku iwAvy; pa \ifin^ 
. vritten ■ pioce to him of the Punic war, wUcb ba alCand .and •ft' in ni|> bt^' 
bnd, even Jomon'i powaiful advocate, Mr. Gtffbnl, ha* nqt alta^d a,«^ V tu« 
^ Iba Mc»( hiitorj of the work baa nenr h«M dlMMMtA ( tntasnaadty an.|)i^. 

Ian for trquidaiiti^ 500 niilliona professes to dread ; (4) because it irri- 

debt, and 99 millions of income, tales and alarms; (5) because it is not 

assessment of 15 per cent, upon founded upon the propaEalion of CoD' 

iperly — of which 125 would be stitutional Monarctiy, which can alone 

bed bj the fundholder, and 375 render thrones secure, by renuiving 

ing portion of the king- obloquy from the Sm-ereign, and mak- 

' " eflcctions show ' ■ " 1 .. .■ ^ .. t . 

e and impracti- 

Jr, although it appears most fair Commerce.- ^ 

ausible. Without stopping to menis for exculpating Lord Londoa. 

er what a mass of confusion and den^ in this view, are not Co us coo* 

^ialion, the transfer of so im- vincing. We agree with Napoleon; 

a sum from lands, houses, that it was a monstrous ovenisht; caA 

chattels, and implements. Into here refer our readers to Mr. O'Mean^ 

', or securities would occasion ; without the smallest apprebeinam, 

be sufficient for the purpose to that his hero was only a sham Bnv 

e, that ihe whole transaction naparte. Neither our able Antfaoriiair 

rtsrive itself into the simple any person of statesman-Kke ohamck 

ise of Sg millions of taxation, ter, can vipdicate disregard of our c<M»' 

ate of about 6 percent. Now mercial ifalerests, with preteOMoos W 

fbuuness would hardly be found correct thinking. 

j to sink SOO millions to redeem AcRicuLTORtL UiSTKEsa. — Thk 

luity of St) millions at such rate; is the next topic of our Author's caw- 

at a moderate scale of protil, sideration; and most sitisCactArily .he 

nay expect 10 p«- cent, (being treats it. " Agricuhnie still- &»■■■)• 

lUnns) and thus gain a sur|ilus b«bii»d, bcfmiw^rxnrkvt i* liw&td 

■illioa* beyond sui:li amount of to the boundur of an istwd, wmi M> 

Eive liltaft in the moniier iiiemioned, dresstd ; — and the perusal of it may 
ut becomes irregular in his paymenls. leach that Gentleman aad hit coadju- 
Now we apj>rehend that this liecay of tors to be less hasty in bringing charges 
his credit, if bis character be good, against a " Church whose only sin it 
gtowa ool of the decay of his trade. It is to have been the bulwark of national 
IS a matter of the first import lo the liberties against the assaults nf rpvnln. 
country banker, that the represcnta- 
tivea of his cash-notes, should be bills 
payable in London, to answer de- 
mands, or invest, if surplusage ensues ; 
or of other country banks to redeem 
his own bills, lodged in such houses, 
or to receive a balance as the case may 
demand. Now it is manifest, that if 
the commerce be limited lo the sup- 
ply of the district, or rent be remitted 
to London or elsewhere, where such 
banker's bills do not circulate, his 
chance of surplusage, and of course 
his power of accommodation upon 
fixed indefinite security, becomes less- 
ened. We have spoken thus, because 
the transition from «ar to peace, was 
slated by Lord Londonderry as the 
cause of the chunge of the timcsj )ad 

, ilieatres (a lery 
9 article), amphitheatres, aqiie- 
briJges, town-walls, gates, acf)- 
forums, basilicx, triumphal 
, baths, barracks, light-houses, 
■teals. A view of the interior of 
: illustrates ibis Chapter. 

Private Edifcces of the 
» and Romans form the subject 
Fifth Chapter. These are mi- 
aod ably described, and illus- 
by exisimg specimens at Pom- 

: Si:(tli Chapter is devoted to the 
Lecture of the Britons, Anglo- 
s, Normans, and English. Here 
'osbroke displays the most ela- 
research. After a sketch of the 
ical Remains, and the houses of 
■itons, Mr. F. pursues his »ub- 
irough the following divisions: 


Md in Castles of all ages, Anglo- 
, Danish, and Norman, down 
castellated mansions of the six- 

der to our Etenud Saloaiim* In T^do 
Parti, Part. I. Exhortatioiu to RepetU- 
aitce and a Holy Life. Pari II. Dtvo- 
tioru for the Cloal; consisting if Can~ 
fissinai. Praises, Supplicalioru, IrOaett' 
sioiUt and Tltajiksgivings, in Three Offices 
far eoery Day in the ITeek. Colkcted 
out ff the Old and New Te^ameal, and 
the Bioks of ffisdom and Stetoiwti- 
cus,lfc. Sua. pp. 304. 

THIS excellent Volume (dedleaint 
to the Bishop of London, and oHgi- 
nally published with the approbation 
and countenance of one of Uie moit 
distinguished of the learned Prelit^v 
Predecessors,) is thug briefly intro- 

•< The Editor of ihU oew editioD of tba 

ril. of «. origin .ILvine." 
3C0uW ceriainlytiie ni;mv lines 
wer and beaiilv — iniiliy tliiil are 
and flowing wiili grace anil Jig- 
but tlicru are tou many that are 
d and prosaic, far too m^iny that 
ite carelessness and hosi.e ; — it is 
St these delinqiienciesof style, ihal 
cnitil f^ard a writer whu tias ex- 
id go many proofs tif tlie eood- 
rfhis heart ami lhttp»rily of Im 
—anil we would say, tli^n if liiere 
ne subject latlier than ^inuilier 
nding a pnliUifd versificutioii, it 
t whicU iurnis ilic llieiiie of the 

iT. Mau. //;(rf/, ia>;i. 


fortearance and final triumph, by in- 
culcating Christian princijiles. This 
is the great merit of the Novel. It 
shons the indispensable ulili^ of 
principle on all occasions; a IruUm . 
assuredly, but not iu the way in which 
the Author means. This way is, let 
youT principles be Christian, yo<ir 
conduct prudent and amiable, and 
ecents be left to Providence. Now 
we solemnly declare, that we have 
seen too Ihtle gennnl action upon 
these excellent principles, to suppose 
that llie Author ought (o be inculnated 
for ii'aching things which every Dody 
ought to know ; and which every body 

An original remark weshall quote ; 

" Tlie btighteit ornament of b bJt- 
ronm is t numlicr of happy faces, and 
tile power of producing them woTth ill 
the dranriei and paper templei thM ever 
Nixim furaitbed." p. 139. 

The preaching parts (for every no- 
vel lia« now its short sermons, ^ntj 

id the 

« Sir, It i, DBCiinl for > Scholar to inte- 

lilte vours, for the importation of lite talurei 

imd therefore, thougil having never Iravtlled 
myself, I am very littte qualified to give ad- 

tion. Of the CanonisM at least a few emi- 

»ic« to a ti-aveller, yet, that 1 may not seem 

nent Writers may be sufficient. ITie School. 

I will try whether the present state o? my 

men are of more general value. But the 

Feudal and Civil Law 1 cannot but wish to 

health will suffer me to lay before you what 
ohservation ot report have sugeeswd to me, 

see complete. The Feudal constitution is the 

original of the law of proprty, over all the 

that may direct your inquiries, or fecilitate 

civilised part of Europe, and the Civil law. 

your suecess. Things of which the mere 

rarity malies the value, and which are prised 

law of n»tioni, may be called with great 

propriety a regal study. Of these booka. 

by uae, Bie always passing from poorer to 

which have been often published, and diver- 

richer countries, and therefore, though Ger- 

many and Italy were iitinLiimlly productive 

Royal LibiKy should have at least the mo.t 

curious edition, the most splendid, and the 

imagine, that they are now to lie fouad lliere 

most useful. The most curious edition is 

in eteat abandanre. An eagerness fui scarce 

commonly the Erst, and llie most useful 

may be expected among the last. Thus, 
of 'I'ully-s Offices, the edition of Fust is thi 

among the English abniit lialf a century 
«ul nicety of Uteracure, and »hen the Har- 

must curious, and that of 'Gratvius the most 

useful, Tlie most splendid, the eve will 

lelin Catalogue was published, many of the 

discern. With the old Printer, you are now 

bookl were bought fur the Library uf the 


any col 


under your care, the present stock is so 

up sing 

■farly eihausted, that 'till new pvtrclia»s 

.Bpptj 'he bookseller, with ne» stores, ,uu 


.Ul not be able to do much more than gleu 



.f Geo 


I of th. 


■us ti> show ll.tir res[wtt m his lale 

or £1,000 iluplicatci, nhich are round 

th. l»te Mr. J^ol, Bryant de.crv« 

in Che united libniiet, the Committee con- 

sider it would not be adviiaWe to part »iih 

more than IS.OOO; «. that in rettion to 

d the Libriry .Llh some »f the rarest 

meps oi tlie art of )iriDting, at lEi com- 

curs to placing these t*o Librarie. in t^ 

same building, aii.l affording the piblic the 

ic Cxumittcc hsviiig uUsfied thein- 

^ilit; of leferring lo both at the Muia 

.f this Collection, |irocec1ed to ton- 

The Commiltfo are of opinion, under all 

the eircumsttncoa of the ca<e, tbat (he 

■f it mo^t mallalile t.. the pul.lic, aD.I 

public will derive (he greatest benefit from 

to fulfil 1.U MaJBitj's n.<i>C gratious in- 

placing this nolle dunatioa under the care 

of the T,u8te« of tlie Museum ; wid Uiey 
are sure the House nlll concur with them in 

is olivioiis llint for the |iiir|iase of 

ling to studtfiits as enlarsod anil <u ire- 

opinion, that from respect to hii late Ma- 

jesty it should be tept distinct and entire j 

Tlie bonks Mere counted foi the fiist 
lated at s iniinli higher numlwc ; but 

that a separate room should be appronrieted 

for its reception, and that whatever dis- 

posable duplicates tliere may be in the t^» 

My that estiinate had ken forneil b; 

Libraries, should be taken from the tools 

jJering evfij imtl in the V\hiuj as a 

no* in the Museum. 

iIbh oftlie 

.my (if tile Denneiy Extmcti in Vcr^e ; to cume uuC in Mtmthlv 

,ven. TheDeaneiyofDonCiistcrcun- PiirK. 

,faboutfifl;vpBrisUes,sevenlof»liic:L RingQQ GilhaLze, .Novel. By the Au- 

rewiv described in Mr. Hunter's Hii- ihotofthe "Entail." 

of Ki.llBmdiire. These Parishes sre Tlie title of Sir Walter Scott's new 

up of the Townships whitli compose novel is Quentin Dum-ard. The scene, it 

H> Southern Wapentakes of the County is understood, is occsiionslly in France, 

rt, Strafford and StaincroBB, together 

above eight or ten Townships of A uew method of taking altitudes at lea, 

Icross. Within tlic limits are the wlicn the horizon is invisible, has been in- 

9 of DuDcaster and Rotheiham, and vented by Mr. Adam, Rector of the Invcc- 

he Chase of llntfielil, Conings borough, ness Academy. In coniequence of an appli- 

he whole Honour of Tickhill, subjects cation to the Admirality for an opportunity 

:a[ interest to theAnticjuary and Topo- to try this method on'board one of his Mt- 

er. The same laudable principle on ^. . . . . 

I Mr. Hunter proceeded in the pre- 

Ireadyio possession of Ch 
^.'^.m be acted on in this Work : and 
is knonn (0 have been collecting the 
Uls of its topography during many 
, buth in personal surveys of the dis- 
and In the great public depositaries of 
neotary evidence, and to have received 

rsDDs who possess property within the 
frt ; the public may eipect a work 
1 will abound ia original uid <;iiiioui 

lifWj Literary Intelligence.^The Gar rick Library. 

RoxBURouE Club. 

t^idla! Meeting of A» 9^^ic^Bh4A 

'^*~- WM bald ni GriMon's Hotel, in 

_^ fe-«treet, on Saturday the 19th of 

tfif the pufpo^e of electing a Member 

__ i(be fiquicj occasioned by the death 

^'^kte Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, Bart. 

'flnt candidate put in election was the 

" r ^PTaxerUy, and all the beans bemg 

favour, he was declared duly elected. 

^ I. then unanimously resolved, that if 

Wiogr time the siege 'perilous should he vacant 
ttf diMcince of the Unknown, the adveotute 
BiiAift be taken by, perhaps something more 
Smliis wraith. Sir Walter Scott, Bart. 
Society op Antiquaries. 
a^rtZSS, being St. George's Day, the an- 
aifeiMiy election of the President, Council, 
mi Officers of the Society of Antiquaries of 
£i»iidon took place at Somerset House ; when 
tl^ fbllowing were elected the Council for 
1^ ^poK ensuing : — George £arl of Aberdeen, 
X. T. President ; F. A. Barnard, esq. V. P. j 
jyUli^m Bray* esq. ; Nicholas CarFisle, esq. 
Secretary ; Taylor Combe, esq. M. A. Pi- 
sactor; Sir Humphrey Davy, Bart. Pres. 
ILS. ; Henry Ellis, esq. B. C. L. Secretary} 
]3iid8on Gurney, esq. V. P. ; R. P. Knight, 
ftq. V. P. ; William Marsden, esq. ; Mat- 
iiiew Raper, esq. V. P. ; Thomas Amyot, 
Ctq. Treasurer; M.Bland, esq. ; F. Chantrey, 
eaq.; Charles Lord Colchester; Sir H. Hal- 
fordx Bart. ; J. H. Markland, esq. ; H. Petrie, 
•aq. ; John Lord Bishop of St. Asaph ; R. 
Smirke, esq. jun. R. A.; B.C. Stephenson, 

The Earl of Aberbeen was then re-elected 
President ; Thomas Amyot, esq. was elected 
Treasurer, in the room of W. Bray, esq. re- 
signed. N. Carlisle, esq. and H. Ellis, esq. 
(he Secretaries, and Taylor Combe, esq. the 
Director, were also re-elected. 

The Society afterwards celebrated their 
Anniversary by dining together at the Free- 
masons' Tavern. — In the course of the even- 
ing the health of their late Treasurer, Wm. 
Bray, esq. was drank with enthusiasm ; when 
this vencirable gentleman returned thanks in 
a neat and elegant speech, expressing his 
satis&ction at having enjoyed their confi- 
dence so many years; but having now arrived 
at his eighty-seventh year, he thought it 
advisable to resign the duties of his office 
into younger hands, whilst he could meet the 
Society to express personally his sense of the 
lionour they had now conferred upon him. 

Surrey Institution. 
The friends of Literature, Science, and 
ihe Arts, will leam with regret that the 
Surrey Institution has ceased to exist ; and 
that its valuable Library will be next month 
sold by auction by Mr. Saunders. Besides an 
nsefiil selection of books in every class of 
literature, this Library contains niunerons 
«oiMu that are both costly and rare. Among 
are Bishop Walton's Polyglott Bible ; 

'G«nt. Mag. /^j^nV, 1S23. 



Caateirs Lexicon Heptaglotton ; Taveraer*t 
ttUe* lfit9s m#»aMnLfttw avoClimr 
dani» «ptad JoanMrn' PoUou)» a ottrions %dli- 
tkm <yf-the Latin Vulgate Version proscribed 
in . the Index Expursatorius of the Roflwa 
See ; Dr. Woidrs Codex Alexandriaui of 
the New Testament; Dr. Kipling's &c-siffilk 
of the Codex Bezas at Csmbrid^, &o. &o. 

Mr. Garrick's Library. 

The Library, Prints, Poetical and Histo- 
rical Tracts of the celebrated Mr. Qarnok» 
are now passing under the hammer of Mr. 
Saunders. The Catalogue is ushered in bj 
the following historical notice : 

« Mr. Garrick, by his will, directed thi* 
his rare Collection of Old Plays, which had 
been formed with great assiduity, daring dis 
course of his theatrical life, shoiUd be depo- 
sited in the British Museum for the use of 
the PuUiok ; an injunction which was ful- 
filled soon after his decease in 1779. Tiie 
volumes composing that Coliection are oni- 
formly bound, and distinguished by his ini- 
tials. The remainder of nis books, with the 
exception of such, to the value of one hun- 
dred pounds, as should be chosen by his 
widow for her own use, he bequeathed to 
his nephew the Rev. Carrington Garriok, 
Vicar of Hendon. 

<< But Mrs. Garriok, who, to a cultivated 
taste for literature, joined a veneration foot 
whatever had been collected by her husbsnd, 
was unwilling to part with the Library whioh 
had been the source of so much of their 
mutual gratification ; and, therefore, fMre- 
vailed upon Mr. Carrington Garrick to dis- 
pose to her of the interest which he had 
acquired therein under his Uncle's Will. 

** Towards the conclusion of her pro- 
tracted life, Mrs. Garrick presented the 
greater part of the Greek and Latin Classics, 
together with her numerous and highly va- 
luable Italian books, to Christopher I^iilip 
Garrick, esq. the only son of Mr. Carrington 
Garrick, and at present the male representa- 
tive of the family. 

" The rest of the Library, considerably 
augmented by Mrs. Garrick since 1779, is 
now offered to the Public, with the excep- 
tion only of books to the value of one hun- 
dred and fifty pounds bequeathed to the 
Rev. Thomas Rackett and George Frederick 
Beltz, esq. Lancaster Herald, the executors 
of her wiU." 

Stsam Navigation to India. 
Extensive arrangements have been formed, 
with the concurrence of Government, for the 
establishment of steam vessels to convey 
passengers and light goods firom this coun- 
try to Grand Cairo. The Pashaw of Egypt 
has engaged to have from two to three him- 
dred camels always in readiness to &oilitate 
the communication from Cairo to Suez, and 
from Suez to Cairo, and that the expence 
shall not exceed fnre shilHags per hundred 



; ftlirin tliat demons ev'ii must know. 

Boldly aasails him with hit tnacheroua 

lu'd a Mightier should hccome tlielr 



And couches rancour in deceitfol .o.ile.. ^ 

le Mail thej' liuil an i?as]' iirey, 

Pangs never deatin'd for a heart an pure j 

to slay ihem in tlielt wicked course. 

If hunger press thee, sure thy inasted akin- 

Can make ev'u stooes subiervieiit to ^rf 

firom his preseate to their native liell, 

will J 

loura their folly in the dungcoa cell. 

Speak hut the word, thy .u^ring. arare- 

L were the thoughts tlmt [lass'd within 


Thy name exalted, and thy ro»"r believ'd." 

great Enemy ofllie huniui kind; 

Sei^-d »ith abhorrence at a thought so nM( 

The blessed Jesus answers with disdain ; . 

M the secret conflict of his Ureist. 

■'d at length Uy his own cutsea will, 
nen dangers in promoting ill. 

His fir.1 great object i. the wUi of Qod." 

H obtrude his pr^ence op the Earth 

■ork stunp'd blessed at its earliest 



Uam yielded to SaUnic power, 

« a hand all-hauDtiful and good, 

vug pleasure and dispensing food. 

Mdi emerg'd from dark and dunnest 

■-^ pight! 

(uni must sparkle Ld Itn reyi of 

The Lord Chuie«IIor explair 
ibilitj to give nn unqualiGeii ti 
leatioa upnn b farmer einnmg did ddC in St. Piuf's CMliedrsl to the raemorni of 
Vum uiy doiilit of tlie pa»er of the Earl St. Vincent Bud Lord Duncitii, The 
o give the iibruy of hia iate Mnjfst)> Right Hon. Gentleman intrudiiced his mo- 

deRnite donee, whether an individual tion b; a Kuidsome Epeecb, in »bicb ha 
itjwtatioo, but from a douirt whether gave a detail of the brilliant service! of th* 
itish nstiod, which could not be re- gallant Admi rail.— The Home ihsa ad- 

as such a definite dnnce, cnuld receive journed to the IClh of April. 
I. — Lord Elle»ion)Uf:li enprcsscd him- 
bj no meana satisfied with this aa- 
and made some sIlusioBa to the COD- 
cc in point of time of the King's 
ty IJill with the gift of the llbrarj. — 
arl i/f Liucipno/ repelled, with some 
itlon, the hint that these objects hod 
nnexion \ and called upon the Lord 
sllor, «ho vouched for the perfect 
cv and dislnieresled generosity of the 

the libr.ijy. 

uil'fl^ XVIIIlh, of the House 
«?— Mr. Canni'ig hesitktej to- 1 


Prw^Hdings in i&c pi^fi^f ^$mJafi.^4t«P^(taMi^ 

I of Spftin would rtnder £• war much 
DOfmhr thTraHoe : tad because^ if $he 
^i6i|Iqtity of the Spanish nation were sin- 
dferfj Attached to the constitution, from 
di^. nature of their country thej must tri- 
^6nph oyer France j but if toe majority were 
IKK so disposed, it would be unjust, and un- 
liftcnofting the character of Great Britain, to 
\^ii&^ me ailr of a minority. With respect 
tpl ttie Spanisn South American Colonies^ 
Hui' l,ordship explained, that though the 
iSt^V^mment was not prepared to recognise 
ti^etir de jure independence, it would not 
uUnf. their occupation by France, nor admit 
■9&j right in the Spanish Government to 
ofdd them to France. — ^Earl Grey complained 
mA the British Government had not main- 
-tii«n«d with proper energy the mdependenee 


Iir the House op CoMMONt, the same 
day, Mr.Canning brought forth similar docu- 
ments, relative to the negociations at Ve- 
nma. — ^He entered into the same train of ex- 
poaition as Lord Liverpool . — ^Mr. Brvughamy 
moii some other Members, deprecated the 
want of energy and decision, which, they 
con|ended, the British Government had be- 

'. House of Commons, April 15. 
Mr. Brownlow brought forward his mo- 

Baadi, hot Mt Mbvt. tht MOiwhI iiifS 

Colonfl.jparry.miificatad tjbt Atn^mim 
the High Sherif , who had hatn MfqMikJby 
the Attorney General upo>i> ata^WMBit mitn 
tiadicted hf the oaths of aavea gentlmWi 
who were Jbrtunately pmanl at 4ml ^9tmr 
versation to which that itatemtntiMntfl 
--Lord MiWm, Mr. OtmlHtrm, Mi>JnWi 
hamf and Mr. Ckumhig ^oka rnmAk "tHaiSti^ 
in fiivour of the amendment. On tlNI>|»4 
derstanding that the question woaMfJig 
again opened on a motioB for mqMȤ^f^ 
the 22d inst.) mto Mr. Sheriff Thoipifi 
conduct, of which motioa Sir F» l^mktf 
gave notiooy Mr. BrowrUow witkdlD|« hib 

JprU 16. Mr. Bime pfesaKaJ a fM^ 
tion from the members of an infidel eniiiiaj 
of Edinburgh, which had tunmrd r 4i# 
title of « Zetetic" The pelitioMn ooa^ 
pkined, that while they had beea m^il§ti> 
in the laudable work of iiiitnietiH|'.««iL' 
other, as well as itraagers and TOfll^' piB^ 
sons, in the doctrines of ifthaisaiy jht 
Magistrates of Edbbuivh had jolMfiqtted' 
their proceeding, sevEed their hooka (kt^ 
eluding Queen Mab, Mr. Funr'i wark% tejj^i 
and held the chief missionaries toin^L- Tba^t 
did not complain that these aots of th« Bfem 
gistrates were ilfogal> but thej wmMkmdx 

don for censuring the conduct of the Irish of the laws which legalised sneh a vwumoki 

Attorney General in the late state nrosecu- of the right of firee (6sottssion4>-»Mb Hiawji' 

tions In Dublin. The Hon. Member en- enforced the prayer of the petitioit, and «i- . 

forced his motion in an extremely animated plained the moderation adopted by the Ma* 

and eloquent speech of considerable length, gistrates, by mentioning that those philoso* 

which drew repeated cheers from both sides phers, whom they only thought it necessary 

of the House. — Mr. P/uwA:e« defended himself to disperse, were, by the law of Scotland, 

in a long and highly elaborate argument ; subject to be hanged. — ^The Lord AdvoctUe 

he contended for the||igbt of the Attorney 
General to file inforiTAtions, ex-officio, aflter 
bills had been ignored by a Grand Jury, by 
arguments drawn from the practice of the 
King's Bench, maintaining that, in this 
respect, tlie Attorney General possesses an 
autnority co-ordinate with that possessed by 
that high tribunal. He next adverted to 
the mode in which, according to the state- 
ment of the witnesses, the Grand Jury had 
conducted its examination ; and, lastly, im- 
puted to the Hij^h Sheriff certain expressions 
ind practices, which, in his opinion, proved 

explained the Scottish law of blasphemjr, 
and intimated that the Zetetic philosopheia 
had got extremely well off. 

Lord Altkorp, pursuant to his notice, 
moved the Repeal of the Foreign Enlist- 
ment Bill. His Lordship prefiu^ed his 
motion with a short speech, in the course 
of which he admitted tkat neutrality is the 
soundest policy in the present condition of 
the empire ; but contended that neutrality 
may be as well preserved by an impartial 
permission to English subjects to serv^ in 
the armies or fleets of l)oth belligerents, 

that the Grand Jury had been empanneled by a prohibition against serving in ^ther^*^ 

widi a view to party interests. Mr.Plunkett 
then left the House. — Mr. ff^. Courtenay 
professed his approbation of Mr. Plunkett's 
conduct; but thought a decision on the 
merits of the case likely to lead to injurious 
consequences, affording, as it necessarily 
must, a triumph to one party or the other ; 
he therefore moved the previous question as 

Lord Fcdkestone seconded the motion in 
speech of more than common warmth, ia 
which he spoke of neutrality with indigna^ 
^'— inveighed bitterly against the hosaUe 


tone held by Ministers in the late n^ocia- 
tions, lamented the degradation of the na- 
tion, and attributed all its calanutias aUd 
disgraces to the national debt, the inleieat of 

an amendment. — Colonel Barry supported which, he said, must be reducedL—- I^oid' •' 

the original motion. He ascribed toe riot J» Ritssell spoke at length in liKfoar of 'tha 

at the theatre to the intrigues of a man of motion, citing the example of Eliiabelh, . 

infamous character, named Atkinson, who who freely permitted her subjects to'engaga -.. 

had lately received a lucrative employment, in the service of the Flemlnge, wk#a -ibay..: 


■MMim 00 ths di>uUe ground, that It filMl osf Ht to (biu 
ntQngyten'i claim, not (he luttaotalinT tlw pnuMVtf 
' ^ ■ ■ - .k « J J I LT-i. «L- ~ , l:ii —m.- ^^I— 

bj ohich tl 

. m* to be adjiutea ; ud, teconiS]'! In s conveni 

hi* tba lUla of initaldnD in ilin public RsdnctioQ Bil 

lUtA in Inlud, piodnced by rscent mu- comspoadeao 

Wn^ ii>ndat«d it extremely impojitio to nwnt md the 

Mfeg togeelur two pntiei, with intereiu kingdom, chu 

tn^imrtij oppowd, m the Clergy wd their daprentlng tL 

^liihliMMi I He expreurd grenc Htiifiic- Col. Bony rej 

Mani howeTsr, thmt the Bill wu to be com- deen. , 

piliifr OB the tSern, and propowd to On the Mcond rewGng td tin Uak 

nfcr It to ■ Select Committee.— Mr. f. Church Ritei Bill, Sir John llmart ■br 

rBHiinlif and Cul. BaTty coacuired in the Jeeted to the power poueued 1^ tM aodiT 

iMt mgntim, whith WM, however, op- liuticut eouiti, md dtad an iiutue* of lit 

pwed brMutn. Goultum, Pal, mi Hume, oppreuire ■urGiu.~>Mi. Huau ntmimtii 

^ by Col. Prtiich, Sir H. Pamell, ud Sii tbe whole ecdeiHUtiol a^m in Inlud, 

Aia Nopporl, on the ground that the im- uid dropped ■ hint thUthe Cuholic* oi^Im 

pKtiBn of the queition deminded w. in- to mppreu it by phyiicnl foioe i for whlok 

MMiaa by a commictee of the whole honia. he receired, from Mr. f. Fibgtraii, mo- 

—^tr. Btaie declared himieir diHitiiGed ther leYCre reproof. 
wUt tlu bill, end eiprencd ■□ opinion that (^ ie amttmud-J 


FRANCE AND SPAIN. and wodd cnee to be deaf to the MMmMlf 

At the opening of the Chamber of De- of heuaToleDce nod (eaaon. Two ffi' ^t Tu 

K&et on iSuriiSiy, the 10th initant, ths and a half have paiiol awvf, end Ua Mijai^ 

l^ter of the War Department lou and hai in vain expected tba- eatdtliiluiiaDt 1h 

i^, "GcDtlemen — All efforti to iCop the Spain of aa order of ifainga eomftUiU widt 

amree of the fiujtlon which govern! the the *o^ o' DCighbonnqg State*. "Kk 

coimciji of Spain having proved fruitleu, Fiencli Govenunenc hai for two Mitira Jwtt 

Monicignfur the Duke of Angauleme re' endured, with a forhearuice without eMafp- 

ceived ordetj t.i pass the ftuntier, and on pie, the most nnmerited provocation* j the 

the 7th of this muDtli passed the Biduiua revulutiunary {action which hu desCroyed 

at the head of ilie army." the royal authority in your country — wMdi 

A oommunitallon wai also made to the holds your King captive — which c^Ii for 

Chamber, on the lOtb iost. of the maiching hit dethronement — which menaces liit lUb 

of die French army, and of a deipatch from and that of his family, bai carried beyond 

General Quiltemmat, dated head- quarters, your frootiers its guilty efforts. It hu tried 

Saint Jean de Lur, April Tth, half-past 3 all meaat to corrupt the army of hit Most 

lO the morning. The intelligence conuined Christiau Majesty, and to excite trouble* in 

in the first dispatch from the Slaj.-General France, in the luse maoiier ai it had suc- 

ofthe army, related to an attempt which ceeded by the contagion of its doctcipes and 

was made on the eth by a band of French, of its example to produce the iruurrection 

Italian, aod Pledmoncese refugees, to in- of Naples and Piedmoot. Deceived in it) 

dote the French iruopt to desert. Tliis eipectatiiius, it has invited traitors, con- 

coips paraded on the opposite side of the demned by our tribunals, to conaunnnate 

-fiidusoa, displaying the tri-coloured coclt- UEider the protection of triumphant rebetlion 

iiSt, and habited in the euct dress of the the plots which they bad formed againlc 

Ex-lniperiiJ Guard. They uttered the le- their country. It is time to put a stop to 

dltious cries of "Napoleon II 1 the Repub- the aotrchy which tears Spain in piecu, 

liqne! Liberty V' &:c. &c. and tried every which takes from it the power of settling ite 

«ft>Tt to seduce the Rdelity of the soldiers, colonial dUputei, which separate* it ham 

'A piece of artillery was brought forward, Europe, which has broken all it* lalatloa* 

tia three rounds discharged, which killed with the august Sovereigns whom the n*w 

' a*d wounded several, after which ibey with- inteotions and the same views noite Willi 

'^w. hi* Most Christian MajutT, aad whioji 

' On the id InsUnt the Dnlie ofAngou- compromiaea the ropote and intereH* of 

~ ! published the foUowiog addrris: France. SpanUrdsl France ■• not at wat 
"*■ "* "■" " ■ theiaaw 

""nie Kir^ of France, by recalling his with your country. Spmnz fii 

Anib**»»dor from Madrid, hoped that the blood as your kings, 1 can have 

Spanish Government, warned of its dangers, for your independence, your hafipinets, your 

>untd retuni to laorc moderate sentlmeaU, glory. I am going to -croa tbe Pyrenes* at 
' OinT. MiiG. /Ipril, 132a. the 







.Letten from Oporto, dated 16th lilt. 
ittui/t&Kt there has been another engag;e- 
n^tethetweeh'the Royalists and the Consti* 
ttttibnAts, near Chaves ; the former were 
kllUtcessftiU owing to their soperioritr in ca- 
ViEby, havine outflanked the Constitution- 
illMa. The Diario of the 26'th gives an ae- 
iHtant of an action in front of the town of 
Amaraote, in which the Constitutional 
tUtiops were victorious. The action is stated 
fb rntve been very desperate, and to have 
^ootimied frcnn seven in the morning tiiU 
iSamt in the afternoon. A great many pri- 
^ners were taken. 


March %6. A disgusting scene took pUuie 
aom* days ago in the village of Trullikon, in 
the Canton of Zurich. A dozen individuals, 
mm and women, shut themselves up in a 
kmue, under pretext of prayins. An hour 
afterwards a dreadful noise was heard. The 
^ofde assembled, the inhabitants of the 
neighbourhood hastened to the spot, and 
demanded in vaiu that the house should be 
opened. Meantime the tumult increased 
eveix moment: the door was at length 
ftiroed open, and these wretched people 
imreall found stretched on the ground in 
Marians, groupes, closely embracing each 
|Mkf '• Th^ were all arrested. Their de- 
pqaitioas pvtsent nothing but instances of 
deplorable folly: they pretend to be in- 
spirbd by God, and a girl who is pregnant is 
always the organ by which his will is mani- 
fested to them. Some of them have been 
taken to the mad-house. It was hoped that 
the measures taken by the Government of 
Zurich would suffice to enlighten the &na- 
tios, or at least to restrain them within 
baunds, but the ridiculous scenes which 
took place at TrulUkon, have suddenly been 
anoceeded by others that are tragical and 
horrible. In the night of the 14th, a young 
fennale visionary pretended that Buonaparte 
had appeared to her, and had inspired her 
with the resolution to die, to save several 
thousands of souls. This apparition in- 
flamed the imagination of several fanatics, 
and the sacrifice was instantly resolved upon. 
Men, women, and young girls, immediately 
prepared instruments for the execution, fits- 
toned the imfortunate young woman to a 
board, and, amidst the cries of joy uttered 
by" the victim, they drove nails into her 
fmt and hands, tore her breast, dashed her 
baad to pieces with a mallet, and sung pious 
kynms to celebrate her death. The Magis- 
tmtas being informed, hastened to the spot. 
Six of the guilty have been arrested, and the 
ii^vdltigation is still going on. Later ac- 
eotmU announce to us, that a sister of this 
uahapi^ young woman has also perished in 
the meat eruel tortures, likewise a victim of 
religious rage. Her brother-in-law has de* 
glared himself to have been her assassin. 

ba%ht fntmAkmktniMMili^mii^ 

MALTA. »^ 

Extract of a letter from Malta* dat^^. 
Feb. 21. — '< An accident took place nerlB psi 
Shrove Tuesday, of the must fatal aiod §^, 
palling nature. It is the custom on tiu^ 
day to attract the poor boys away from Uijt^ 
crowd and riot in the atnets (h beiii^ th*.. 
last day of the Camiva])> by makliig a pfo-^ 
cession to one of the chnrchesy uid ifttf*^ 
wards distributing bread to them. FireviMa 
to their reseiving the bread, they w<ere ^ 
(in number about 700] put in tha corri^^ 
of the convent — a room where, I haBM^ 
there were no windowt— and there lo4o^ 
in. The cries of the poor craaturea ^fn^ 
shortly heard from inside, callfaig to be %£ 
out, but the man with the key was not ^^ 
be found ; at length a man, who thought^ 
his son was inside, rushed forward and broka' 
the door open, when a dreadful scene prer^ 
sented itself, a great number of the poor, 
boys having been suffocated. Hie coq- 
stemation in the ciw on this being known 
was indescribable. The bodies were taken 
out; SO were taken to one doctor's shop, 
and a great number to the hospital, where I 
saw more than 95 bodies of young lads, from 
10 to 14, lyiuf breathless on the floor. The. 
expressions of the mob against the Pxiasts 
and Friars were verr violent, as it was. attri,T. 
buted to them. T!d% number of dead, Inr a^ 
proclamation from Government, wfio wuh 
to hush the business, is stated to be about* 
100. At least 130 were killed, and the ge- 
neral number is stated to be 153. An inves- 
tigation is to be made by Government into 
the affair." 


The Bill for establishing Commercial in- 
tercourse between the United States and 
the British West Indies has passed both 
Houses of Congress. One of its provisions, 
it is understood, prohibits British vessels, 
arriving in the United States from ports in 
Great Britain, the privilege of taking car- 
goes to the Islands. 

Letters from Bahia of the 20th of Jan. 
mention, that an attack was made on the 
7 th, by General Madeira, on the island of 
Taporica, which lasted five hours, and ended 
in Madeira's being compelled to retire with 
a loss of 200 men. Madeira, fearing in hie 
contest with the Brazilians to be straitened 
for provisions, had subsequently given or- 
ders that all the women and children should 
retire into the interior. 

The reign of the Mexican Emperor^ Itur- 
bide, is at an end. Accounta frooia Veia 
Cruz, of the 2d of Feb. received at Hajyan*^ 
nab, state that he has abdicated ti^Thifanf^ 
and withdrawn to his own luHise as a wiva^ 
individual. The Government fi)gsnl^d.^|ltBe^ 
diately was on the plan agraed npfm al^uahb 
where the Revolutiop first commenced. 


•ponilinBiearand^uarler. The decrease traordiinry nffair were dcTelopeJ, Hit 

in Ilie Eici&e aluiie is 1,148,000/. in the fritiids, ~ alarmed at the comequiinees 

ye«r, andabuve aoo.oOOJ. ill tbequartKr, thu might folio* luch an anballowed 

juil ended. But it is gralifjirig to ob- violation of the toml), and being desirmn 

Mrre that this decreaie has been pro- "f atoniug in Bame ^aadure f6r the 

duced by diminiabed lamtion. It will be *■"■ of bim «bo had been gailijr of » 

recollected that it wa; not lili after the great a ctime, caused the head to be 

expiraiionuftheyearaiidquBrler, on the forthwith transmilled to (hia country, 

&th or April 18S3, that the reinlisiun of "Jth a reqaeiC ihaL the coffin might be- 

the duties began to produce any consi- re-opened for the purpose of ascertain- 

ilerable effrct.— There has been a dimi- iug if >t "as the identiial bead uf The 

nuiion in the Eicise Duties upon Malt, >aint, and if so, that it might he reitoied 

Salt, and Leather; and in the Assessed to its original situation. — In compliancs 

Taut a repeal of the Agricultural Hurae *itb this request, the <»ffin *iu opehed. 

Tax. Had not the duties been dimiDisb- and the above ttoty proved to be per- 

ed, there would hare been an increase feetly correct, the trunk only of • sltelf' 

both in tlie year and the quarter.— In (on presenting jtielf tu the asloniiheA 

referring to the Income and Charge up- eyesof thuse around. The head hM ae- 

on the consolidated Fund, the greatest cnidingty been re-iuterrtd with due lo- 

•atisfaction will be derired. I'he chnrge lemnity in the presence of the Elden of 

an the quarter, ended on the Stb of April the Church. 
1833, wsE 9,609,519/. and on the quarter 
CBdedSlh of April I8S3, only 7,930,000/. 
s difference of nearly 1,700,000/. The 
charge upon the currea ponding quar- 
ter being 9,609,519/. and the income 
1 1,154,569/. it follows that there wai n 
■urplus of 1,545,0501. The charge upon 
tbe quarter just ended being only 
1,930,000/. and llie income 10,OS3,76i(j: 
the surplus of income beyond the charge 


1. Hirris, » d""— At cUe EUrl otCir- March 39. The wife of FredericV W. 

in 9, lady Mans Ssunderjon, « diu. CunpbeU, eiq. of Bwbreck, idui. 
.r«t George-street, M«. W. Irvmg, ^^ j. ^ ,^8 of tb. lUv. T. Hm- 

-AtWejnioaeh.lhewifeoflUv. E ^^^ of CuiMrthon, » d»u.— The i^'of 

!''m mT "'"m 1 w '"'J" '^^""'' <^ Bdljliot«y-ho««, ««.■■■ 

.. M.M«5ter, B son.— Mn. J. Wj-nne, toik, IL loii. 
thmetlio, CO. Denbigh, » son. — At 
enmith, the »ife of Maj. G. H. A. 
, B son.— The wife of S Grahsm, 
.P. a dau,— At Clopham, Mr>. J. A. ■ 
r, « dau.-Mts. T. W. W. Browne, 
njlands, a son.— At RingwooJ, Mrs. 
Tjrrell Ross, 3 son. 
■chs. AtStudley, neatTri>wbri(!ge, 
award Horiock Mortimer, a mn. 
■ck 11. The wife of Capt. J. H. 
dge, R. N. a d.u. 

■ch}2. AtSaliibury, thewifeofDr. 
a lun.— At liridgewaCer, the wife of 
™onen, a daughter. 
-ch 15. The wife of Rev. D. Jone., 
t»vroo, Bretonsliire, a son. 
■eft 13. The wife of Cant. R. F. 
. R. A. a ,<.n. 

•ekSO. AtCoiiham, [he wife of the 
I. Slade. a son ; and ou the aid, the 
f the Rev. J. A. Methueii, vicar of 

■ck S3. Ill Grafton-slrert, the wife 

-omolediu Ihc rank uf Lieuienaiit ; 
, war »i:h Fnnce appearing iii- 
le, fae Has (elected by that able 
Sir Cbarka Sauiulers, tu urve on 

, tu ilie Med lie crane nil, and »m 
:ited Cnptain of tlie Experimcnl, a 
hip of twenty |;uns, during tbe in- 
ilion ofSir JuhiiSirauhAn. ^VIlUe 
tinparary promuliun ln«Ied, he fell 
h and encountered a large Xebec 
', uniler Muurish culourE, (bougb 
ed by frenchmen, nmuniinglwenly- 
ns, beaides iwirels and pateratoes, 

Sxperinttnt. After a furioui but 
CDnflici, the enemy wat so disabled 

be glad to lake ad*anln|[e of a 
•ad favourable brens of Mind, tu 
n. Mm. jfyril, IBM, 


On tbe trials which follai«e<l tbe uu- 
lucky diBerenci: and iiiUun<ltrttandiii|; 
between Adinirali Keppel and Pnlliltr. 
Captain Jervis gave hii eridenm wKta 
■candour and impartiality, and epokc ia , 
tbefillowing ternnolbiBguperlorofBceti 

•■That during the nbole time tbU 
the English fleet wii9 in light of tba 
French fleet, he displayed the gnmttit 
naval ikill and abititi/, and tkt btUM 
enletjiriie upon the STlh e/Jalg; •nbuA, 
with tkeprmnptitude of Sir Rabtrt HaTr 
land, vUl bt lubjedi ef my aiAiHrwtfMi. 
and imUatvitt ai long ai I line." 

FruiD the evidence given upon tbU 
trial it appears, ibic the fhtidrfuat, 
■vhich had got into her ttntion iboot 
tbree, and never left it till four tbe neit 
morning, »a« very closely engaged, Uiil 
in a mutt disabled stale. Her mftln- 
mast had received a ibot very near 
through ihe head and lodged In- ikt 
cheek, which psised through tkeikcM 
iif the mast, aud several ether ■hol'iii 
different pUc«i ; her loromast had -Ao 
received Kv*r*) «hMti'«'Ur|»'tM<m^ 

n his speech upuii this Dciasiuii, can |jerUh wiih him. The Brilub N*ry 

ed^e, uF 1>)e exc«lleiit slHle and 

hi! Lordship's coiDoiaiid wers iii' 
1} kept; and, cuniinued hi* Royal 
eis, " williDui );iriiig the sligliiiist 

lure Sir John Jervis the very bust 

in his Majesty's service." 
in being iiifurmed that his (illewat 
>f St. Vincent, his Lordihip ob- 

ibat he nas very well satisfied, 
hat title belonged to every n/Krar 

. 14, 1799, bit Lordship was creat- 
iniral, axd on the 18th of August 
ing, laniled in the dock-yard at 
koulh, and went to the bouse oF 
ter Parker, where be mat waitod 
by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Bur- 
t'-tiben the Mayor jiresenled to 


.itfiL] OnwwiM¥^msliiLM0»^4lmi^irii Smt!i B m /miiKi thPB. Ifg 

hf Lord DwrchcfteT'irUb /•'confidential 
4«MlBMIt ImpcnriMt tnisvioB in tbe United 

^^ioTbtf diffuniUiet be here encountered 
-nod surmounted, bad bitberto tended 
,.tt«rely to 8bt>w tbe talents he possessed, 
-jMtdinuw it was that tbe British Goverii- 
«4.Ai'ent saw tbe advantage it would derive 
. ;^hy seeurini; to itself the more extended 
■littHfrfoynient of those talents. He was 
«*«litoii|jnated Governor of Bermuda in April 
i*^t^$fj, and the command of tbe troops 
t'in that Island subsequently conferred 
'^(•|>on him in tbe July following. To 
..itbose succeeded the government of St. 
7>.iViBcenC in October 1804; and in October 
•tffMOBy tbe government of Barbadoes and 
IMhe command of the forces in tbe Wind- 
I) . ward and Leeward Caribbec Islands, and 
"COirtinental provinces in South America. 
q »'. Jc was at this time that the rapid 
>Mtrides Buonaparte was making to subju- 
f. gate Europe, excited apprehensions of 

■ •ihe most serious kind; but while vic- 

v^tory followed victory, and potentate after 

'■potentate gave way before him — in tbe 

^'-West Indies he bad yet to learn that he 

was not invin«ible. 
Sir George (then Lieut- Gen. Beckwith) 
^'hj the unlimited powers vested in him, 
proved that tbe confidence of bis Mo- 
aq ilareh bad not been misplaced ; having 
^1 (-completed his arrangements, on the 28(b 
."1. January, 1809, he sailed from Carlisle 
•: Bay for Martii)i({ue, landed on the 30th 
of that month, and on the 24ih of Fe- 
bruary obtained the eniire conquest of 
that Island, the must valuable of the 
enemy's possessions in that quarter of 
tbe globe. The Extraordinary Gazette 
which announced tiiis capture, was read 
with avidity by all ranks of people, and 
tbe sight of the French eagles, seen in 
this country for the Jirst time as the 
trophy of success, gave an earnest of 
those splendid achievements which ter- 
minated in the cumplete overthrow of 
Napoleon's power. 

On the 14th of April, 1 809, the thanks 
of the House of Comniuns, and on the 
I7th those of the House of Lords, were 
voted to Lieut. -General Beckwith, for 
'^ his able and gallant conduct in effect- 
ing with such signal rapidity tbe entire 
conquest of the island of Martinique." 
On the 1st of May he was created a 
Knisht of the Bath. 

The Extraordinary Gazette of the 16th 
March, 1810, announced that this bril- 
■'liant success had been followed up by 

■ ' the capture of Gtiadaloupe, which had 

capitulated on the Gth February, and 

, . the high estimation in which these emi- 

i;~'neot services were viewed by England, 

i.- MMftnot be more strongly characterized 

•^i-vtluui "ifi tbe leading paraip'aph ef tbe 

Hoofes of PftrUaacot^qn-t^Mt fqijii, 
l8IO:^*<We are eoBumpdtit (j^Thb 
Majesty to exprete tbe MtUftcti^glis 
derived from the reduction of the ithui^ 
of Guadaloupe by his Majfssty's ariM, 
an event which, ./W theftt$t time in t^e 
history of the wars of Great Britain, bat 
wrested from Prance all her pniinnloni 
in that quarter of tbe world." 

These victories having left tha lubjaet 
of our memoir '* without more worldtio 
conquer," and the inhabitants of tlMjee 
islands beginniuf? to feel and to acknow- 
ledge the benefits of Mvinif- under tbe 
sway of the British empire, be retnmed 
to BarbadoeSy though amidst his milttary 
avocations as Commander-in-Chief, lie 
had never forgotten that bis dutiekiai 
Governor imposed upon him the adop- 
tion of such measures as eoold best en- 
sure the happiness and welfare of tbase 
entrusted to his charge, llie merelfante 
of the West India Islands will lonfr look 
to his administration of their lawe at 
the brightest times of their history-— 
but it is not to be supposed that svcb 
combined and arduous duties coold:>ba 
accomplished without a sacrifica of 
health. Sir George Beckwith unfortu- 
nately experienced this, and in June 
1814, determined on seeking a restora- 
tion of that blessing in his native coun- 
try. Tbe last bill presented for his sanc- 
tion by tbe Legislature of the island of 
Barbadoes, was a vote of a service of 
plate to himself; and deeply as be must 
have felt so strong a mark of their ap- 
probation of his government, ** this bill. 
Gentlemen," said be, '* is the only one 
from which I must withhold my assent." 
At a public dinner given him before his 
embarkation, the Chairman, in proposing 
bis health, passed the most gratifying 
eulogy on bis conduct that language 
could convey, when he said, *< the occa- 
sion of this day's meeting is the 'only 
cause of regret that has ever been felt 
by the inhabitants during tbe moU tin- 
sullied administration which our annals 
can boast." 

Thus followed by tbe blessings of 
those over whom he had ruled, be sought 
his native shores, and flattered indeed 
must be have been, to find that that 
mark of estimation for him as a man* 
and gratitude towards him as a Gover- 
nor, which bis innate sense of delicacy 
taught him to decline whilst in Bar- 
badoes, had been voted |o him afUr his 
departure. It bears this inscription : 

'* This service of plate was presented 
to General Sir George Beckwitli,;K. B. 
late Governor of Bafba^oe^^ by-tiiie Le- 
gislature of thai Islat]^ a«od>^cere 
mark of the high regard au^teumpm in 


^rd Ulford, while Tbomas PuwyB, 
. Tar NurLliamptan, March 31, 
and by wlioiii, who was created 
1 Lilfurd, 1797, »iid wbu died Jan. 
800, sbe had 

■r chikln 
n daughters. 

.V GeORGfAl 

t.31. At ihe huuse of the' Mar- 
en of Headfon, at Wesl-eiiil, 
laUad, in her S9th year, Lady 
;iaiia-Chailotte Quin, secund Hiid 
^t daughter ol Earl Spencer, by 
lia-Knghsm, eldest dau°:hter vf 
m, lit. Earl Df Lucan; v.a< born 
13, IT94, married April 14, 1814, 

George Quin, 3d ton of Tbumas 
uess of Headfurt, K. P. by Maiy, 

dauehter and heiress of George 
, ICsq. u( Q<ieenEbotau°:h, cu. Clare. 
has Je't issue a daughter, bom 

' Bll^o^ CASTLRcooTe. 

i,m. At his seat near Dublin, 
tiT. Charlefi Henry Cuol:, Baron 

tm'iiemiaiy, and ClikC CoDamu- 

1795, Henrietta, dauEbter and facinw 
or Henry Maslerman, Esq. uf Settring- 
ton, CO. York, and by bcr, who died 111 
July 1813, bad no issue. He muriln], 
3dty, Aug.2, 1814, Mary-EltzalMlb, ilaa. 
oF William Egerton, E^i,. and sUter of 
Wilbraham Talton, Esq. oF Tat ton-park. 
In 1795, be served the office of Higll 
Sheriff of the cQuiity oF Tork, and •> 
the death of his father, Sept. 1301, ba 
succeeded to the title and estates.' ':- 
]n I80T be was elected RepresentUiM 
in Parliament for the city oF York, ater 
a severe contett; he was a^in elected 
ill 1813, without oppoiition, aadlMnm' 
ed a Ibird time, after a contest, in.lHS. 
He retired from public Irfe in 1090,-0* 
account of ill health, to the great r^ret 

Sir Mark was a Biblkinanke eE HmI 
first class, and wa« a nieaiber-ot ilia 
Roxburgh Club. Some of hi* tnasutv* 
are thus noticed by Mr. Dibdin lin < bU 

"Sledmere, the elaR*et*«4 bot^inaUs- 
retiiltnce of Sic Mark Sykaa, 1« MtaHte 
in the East Rjdinc vf V«rkahi[«v fitaat 
18 aik*fi«mt.^-WMn.tmttir^it*3. 

<• SItdMcrc 


-friMMlK TIm fnMlftMiMi 

UMinirt, are 4teply e mim^ wt 
whidh kftve b<NNi sombad atti- 
^W Us kind and aflReetioiiata at- 
iiu' while tbej were also gladdeti- 
.1^ :kinocaiit plajrfnlneis of bit 
Ifli; amaaatliig from tlie peace of 
4ait heart Aa a tender husband, 
1 fmrent, a pious son, an affec- 
i*. 'brother, and a yaluable friend, 
I i«ft a chasm which noihinf^ here 
MLQ ftlL 

krHtianity entered detply into bis 
%cr, and iaAuenoed the coRducc- 
ItTeu . He regarded Religion as an 
Mnj^, and cultivated it in hami- 
%eart and in faith, conscious of 
Cj^erfectioiis and demerits, and 
m void of familiarity and pre- 

illurHed,in 1816, Henrtetta^Louisa) 
Usr of N. E. Kindersley, Es^q. of 
i^'WII, and has left two children. 

ReVtf W. Richardson. 
dhE^tb of the late Rev. W. Richard* 
York (who departed in peace in 
jfaryaar, and 43d of bis ministry), 
ipra forth a just testimony to the 
aC that venerable man from the 
ii Mi8li(>nary Society, of which he 
I able supporter. Tht Memoir of 
fii^ which has since appeared, con* 
i very striking attestation to the 
s, both personal and ministerial, 
he derived from becoming; cor- 
interested in the cause of mis- 
There is something so instruc- 
the narrative of bis feelings, with 
loe to that Society, that the Com- 
have quoted ii in their last Re- 
9r the benefit of such as may not 
uly appreciated the duty and ad- 
« of entering heartily into the 
of missions, to which we refer 
iders. — — 

Wm. Sandford, Esq. 
€0. At Rainbow Hill, Worcei- 
jtt a long illness, which he sus* 
with exemplary fortitude and re- 
OD, aged 64, Wm. Sandford, esq. 
a born at Slirewsbury, where his 
we believe, was a medical profes- 
It not at all related to the person 
sd to the Shrewsbury fntirmary. 
ibject of this sketch was a pupil 
d Hunter; settling at Worcester, 
d7 years of his life one of the 
>ns of the Worcester Infirmary. 
i8 the author of a little work <'On 
edif^inal Effects of Wine and Spi- 
which was well spoken of in the 
i| Review for Feb. 1800. 
f,UhG,4pniy 1633. 



mm- W«i 

of lb Ml 

aei .« 

and 9t 

paiinww. Vo hi* reUti»Mr 

tioM ha was kmd and jEanaron^ aMttek 

bis daaliwgi can<M4 and waaaia. Bm,/mm> 

an anany to all «|»ecift «f mwaaiy M^ 

ingy and has prpMAy^M^ ■Mnvj^lifii, 

by his steady oppoiUiofi to tht Miia» 

rious practiost ottbe;ininai« . . 

This amiable ge«iilai«aii jaaarrM MiM^ 
Bumey, niece oCcbe e«lebM|^ 0|illiwr* , 
uey, Mus. D. wbv siirviv«»1i!iB. .,., ,C:*. 



J. J. AiraMansou Eae. , .^ 

•/an, 32. AtWoodlaiids, fiUakbflitfw,: 
<iRed.9l« Jlobn Julioa ,Allgan|tMi» f|% ' 
.He waa bom in Su Pttfriburffia,4^tt(^r,f 
and waadegaendid fvm ^ raniatiJw 
family. Ha came ovar to SngtaiMi impk 
der the fRitraoaca of; the Jmi Ail#rMri 
Thompson, esq. aii amiikant Ilui«ia.«iaih 
chant» who liveNl lop|(:eoDafh;|aMta6 
brate the liftietb year of a auopfiilf^ 
partnerabip. Ha was am|iiqgrf4 4lMi«|( 
some years in BIr. Tbaanpiou'a fMvpt}0§ 
bmisa i and wh^n of i||rs» iuMnodMae^ Hgp^ ^^ 
his worthy patron to Lloyd'f. 4vKmflk • 
the many gnat senricaa he renderM (^ 
the interests of-^ tbia CoffecofctDusc;, j||m 
followinf is hy i|o jnaaos the ^%^ Jpir • 
portaiit. It was formerly but too poa^ 
nion a practice, when vessels had ae« 
quired a bad name, from their imperfect 
state, to send them to some other port 
than those where they were known, aot) 
by re-baptizing, make them pass, for 
ships of fair character. To remedy thiJi 
evil, he applied for and obtained an Act, 
by virtue of which no owner coold change 
the name by which bis vesael was ftiat 
distinguished. The benefit derived frofaoL 
this measure is incredible. , 

Mr. Aogerstein was the fiist who pro^ 
posed a reward of SOOOt from the fuiidt 
at Lloyd's to that humane and glorioua 
discovery the Ldfe Boat. 

His choice ooUaqtiojo of PaintinfK.luM 
long been celebrated ; and we bear «l it 
likely to come to the baoigi^. 

Mr. Angerttein was twice marriadL 
His first wife was the wi.dow of Cb%c|wi 
Crukatf, esq. who bad been left with two 
sons and two daughters % aiad by her bo. 
bad one son and one daught er* Hia ^* . , 
cond wife was the heautklujl afid aipifbjyf . 
daughter of Wm. Lock, e^g. o{(Nor|^i|^ 
park, by whom he had several cJiikUan. 

The peisoa of Mr.* Aufe|ii|;fiaa ^jnfit . 
manly, noble, wid contoiafMm » i. b4% 
manners were easy, lUiaflTected, .Mil. 
aalotf^aied to .4ti%iift ri«sfWBt a^^QOfift 

« %■■*■ 


Oj5UtJAaY^-^€/<WK««fii .4fcegs.i^ 


lature Interment," io which he 
tEonized by the Puke de Cazet. 
tquent oration was pronounced 
:ie ashes of this philosopher and 
of humanity, by Count Laffan 
It, who was so much attacLed to 
He was interred in the Cemetery 
! La Chaise. 


18. At Clarendon, Jamaica> the 
leophilus Donne ; leaving a wife and 
II children, to lament their loss. 
1. Tlic late Rev. Thomas Moore, 
death we noticed, p. 188, was the 
on of Dr. Thomas Moore, Rector of 
urst and St. Botolph's, Aldgate, and 
Ic Chaplain to Bishop Atterbury. 
thin a short period of his death, 
lappencd on the 1st of February, in 
lencc of a fall, he discharged all his 
*ial functions with zeal, diligence, 
itv, and with a devotion that com- 
:ed itself to the hearts of all his con- 
m; nor was it without extreme re- 
> that he acquiesced in the necessity 
lis increasing age imposed of relin- 
5 the performance of any of his pas- 
ties. To genuine unaffected piety, 
tegrlty, undeviating rectitude, and 
)enevolcuce, he united a cultivated 
inding and cheerful temper, which 
y obtained him the respect and affec- 
all his parishioners, but the sincere 
of a large circle of friends, who 
ppreclatcd his virtues, and will never 
I cherish his memory. 
12. At Ripple, Kent, in his 64th 
je Rev. Charles Philpoty M. A. Rec- 
bat parish, and Vicar of St. IMargaret 
;. Descended from a respectable fa- 
Leicestershire, Mr. Philpot received 
iments of his classical education at 
undation School at Leicester, from 
he removed to Emanuel College, 
Ige, where he took tlie degrees of 
780, M.A. 1787; and where he 
;wo Scatonian Prizes in the two suc- 
feavsof 1790 and 1791, and acquired 
lable friendship of the late learned 
of Cloyiic, Dr. Farmer, and many 
:erati of the day. His attainments as 
-r were of a vpry high order, and his 
letters remained with him tlirough 
was the delight iind solace of the re- 
t in which he chose to pass his days. 
id wcs not less stored with elegant 
:e, than with the dee}»cr and more 
J branches of learning, and the 
cut of his latter years was the writing 
iry of the llise and Progress of tlie 
ed Church in France, cmhracing the 
» and literature of that interesting 
and not yet printed, but which it is 
loped may yet be given to the pub- 
u 17^1 he published ** liumillty> a 

NJght-thpVfi?it»"4to» .UL79A.hei«t..^ 
sented to the living of iUpp)e« by Ct f . 
Palmer, Esq. ; and id 1818 to |h»^ o/Slfc* 
Margaret at CUfFe j by theArchMshop of Can- 
terbury. As he had Uved respected by his jbu- 
merous friends, so he died sincerely lameBUicI 
by them and his family. He. has left ^j 
Maria, only daughter of tlie lata Rev. P^t^r 
La Fargue, of Stamford, co. Ldnooloi two 
sons and two daughters to mourn theur irre- 
parable loss. 

Feb. 1 5. At his Rectory, Little Uor8le49 
aged 71, the Rev. AjUhom Noti, l^B. 
Rector of that parish, and Litlington, both 
in the county of Sussex. He was of Ema;^ 
Coll. Cambridge, where he took his degree 
of LL.B. 1770. In 1784 ho was presented 
to the Rectory of Little Horsted by Anthony 
Nott, Esq. and in 1799 to that of Litlington 
by J. Bean, Esq. 

Feb, 19. At the Glebe-house, Flempton^ 
the Rev. Charles Andrews, He was of Tria. 
Coll. Cambridge, where he proceeded B. A- 
in 1778, and NlA. in 1781. In IBU he was 
presented by the Lord Chancellor to the 
Vicarage of Wickhamhrook ; and in ldl8, 
on his own presentation, to the Rectory of 
FJempton, with Hengrave annexed. 

Feb, 28. The Rev. Charles Talbot, B.P. 
Dean of Salisbury, Rector of U^mbourxio 
All Saints and St. Giles's, Dorset, and 
Rector of Crickhowel, co. Brecon. A 
few days previous to his death, after 
amusing himself in his garden, he re- 
tired to his drawing-room and seated him*. 
self on a sofa, when one of his children 
enquired of him if he had finished ? *' Yes," 
replied the Dean, ** I have done my work !'* 
and immediately fell in a fit of apoplexy, 
from which he never sufficiently recovered to 
speak again. He was youngest son of the 
late Hon. and Rev. Dr. Talbot. In 1794 he 
was presented by the Earl of Shaftesbury to 
the rectory of Wimbourne All Saints and St. 
Giles, Dorset ; in 1 809 he was elected to the 
Deanery of Salisbury, and in the next year 
presented by his Grace the Duke of Beaufort 
to the rectory of Crickhowel. He was of 
Christ Church, Oxford, where he proceeded 
M. A. Jan. 14, 1794, )3. D. Grand Com- 
pounder, April 30, 1801. His remains were 
interred at St. Giles's, Wimbourne, and were 
followed to the grave by three of his soiis, 
George Talbot, Esq. brother of the deceased, 
his Grace the Duke of Beaufort, Lord Wil- 
liam Somerset, Lord John Somerset, Ldrd 
Ashley, H. C. Sturt, Esq. and the Rev. Mr. 
Thompson, curate of thp deceased. The 
funeral service was read in a most impressiva 
manner by the Rev. H. Donne, Vicar of 
CranlK)urne. Nearly the whole of the inha- 
bitants of the parish of St. Giles*8 attended 
the funeral, anxious to testify their respect. 
The bells at the Cathedral and St. Thomas 
Church, in Salisbury, tolled great part of 
the day. He married, June 27| 1 796, Lady 
EiJzabMh^ daoghtar of Henry 5ih Diiba of 
*" Beaufor,t, 

Iii. ffll*'Sn. ff( « 


iff. rAfttr ft ihorC iIIimu, at tke 
•(bii rslHiooi tks Rei. C hauaaa, 
itgam, ht Davoniliira, io hii 6Gch 
«Jl«*- riilMHi ^^ GM2>,B.D.Vi- 
iiOtig Witteuhim, Berlu. He wh idn- 
4<SdiMer Collage, where bs proceeded 
AJnilaS, 17S5,B.D.Dsc.lG,179S> 
£■ time of hli dcitll >u Senior Fal- 
thit Society, xhicli Socielj Un pre- 
bin lathe living of Witteohftm iol 799. 
K 7, In PartlBD<l-pliice, teed 74, (he 
IW«rt Price, D.C. L. PiebeuUrr 
rixuB, Cuon Reaidentiuj uf Silii- 
mi ChsplMa in Ocdintn to hit M«- 
dtie WH of All Soul!' Ckilleee, Oi- 
ibne he proceeded B. C. L. June 

' of All Soull^ll* 
ibne he proci 

\HtA D. C. L. June 37, 1783. In 
W MIBCMded to the Cuonl? of Sa- 
f (be deuh at Dr. Dodwelf, ud ia 
Mb elected Piebendarj of Dnrliarn. 
■Htbedia IBQfi, '■ A Sermon preuhad 
.i^noiTeruiy Meeting of the Sam of 
Iff" . 41a. Ha w« ■ nun of true 
■M^pisljr, of a mut beoevalaat and 
•- 4i«ps«itiaD, aad hii loia will be 
il]' ngnnsd bj thou who bett koev 



reddioRton. aged 77, Hutton Wood, 

lof tiiePuiilicLeJgei 
(<^'ot-street, Ueut.-C..I. Doveton. 
, 16. In Portland-ijlace, in his «6lh 
Gibbet Watker Jordan, Esq. M. A. 
5. one of the Beucliers of the Inner 
., and Col<,nial Agent for the 
badoas. In ie04 he imblithed " The 
1 of the British West Inda Colonist. 
1 Right of obtaining. Supplies from 

'rt4. Aged e, Tlif odosla, juuogeit 
rCoi. BUckivell. C. II. athrcg. 
Mm. Wiltlun Stebbing, £tq. of 

'Ch li. In S Inane 'Street, aged 67, 
Itait, one rif his Msjestf's Privy 
illnn, K.C.H.(jidF.R. S, &c. 
"rt 13- At Bushej-heath, near Stan- 
Mar]', wife of Samuel Sntion, Esq. 
' the danglileri of the Isle Thomas 
Eiq. of Ci»|il»ni, formerly Sheriff of 
D and Middlesei, She wes a woman 
4-accainpilshed manners and excellent 

orded a profitable enample. 
11^ M. At Brent House, Hendon, 
V«odbuFD, Esq. lataofKnighttbtidge. 
th U). At Konaiegton, aged HO, 
homai Smith, late of Belwiek-*Ue>Ci - 

01 the Hojal Aeuan^, tfti B 


Harriet, wife of _ 

of Old Btacknell Hdum, co. fi«jB,tadS 
of lata Rev. Barfoot Cohoo. 

March S9. Aged 63, Elizabeth, wib of 
Simon Stephenson, Esq. of Great Queen- 

lo Wimpole-ttreeCiMrs-MtigaretMerT, 
of Botleys Cottage, near ,CherU^. She 
was giBiid-daughter of Lord Chief Juitice 
Wllles, and niece of Ju^ WUIei. 

MarckSi. Wm. Haft, of Braad-itnet, 

63, Geo. HaiTingtaa, £m). 

ed 78, Edw.ruOimck, £»{. 
rlotte-Sarah, eldest ^o, of 
J. M. Raikes, Etq. of Portland-piac*. 

JpTil\. AtFelthadi-faiU,Middleiax,^ed 
89, Margaret, wife of Mr. RicLaid LiM, of 
Old Burlington-Ureet. 

At Croydon, .aged 94, Maria, wife of 
Rev. Edmund Haiam. 

Jn Chapel-place, CaTendiih-uiMn, Cape 
James Johnitone, R. N. lale CommwiioMr 
of the Navy at Bombay. 

Jn Park-itieet, GnnveeBor^aqauc utd 
SS, John Samnel Cfaarlton, Eu). 

April 3, la Bryawtonr-tqnani Mra. 
El^uUtfa Beatii Roberts, •bleref i^it« 
Rev, Dr. Roberts. 

At Hava[at<«li-biH. HwmttWjI.. WCffl 9t, 

peMvwjus,gsv, :■ ,,..': ; ' ,v.', 

jfpjil 3. In CurMn-sMMti AbrTrABM, 
•Idest dau. of R^. WiMGof^ei^uabSee. 

StHut-dnigbtai of lb* fi 

■ -''^E! 

■T7e.bT)rlKm (who JM'AviliUi SU& 
riwW iuwdi«|RMBtaii4a|:hiwLu»l 

idLL OF MORTALrry, from Mirah iS, fa. April tSi l4«8. 
, Ouiatraed. I Boiied. ' Bud 5 tsi 

" 7*1*7 

.Wn4. M ao 

nMdu ■: BU/"""'|FanJ«- 690/'™V |J |8 »d M. . 
_^ WbMMf ImM died nndw (wo j«*n old 876 J S .io ud W i 

'-. ' Salt 5(. imlniheli 1 jd. per penud. MndSOJJ 


■'■■■ fron ihs Ratnrni ndlng ^ptfl is. "'""* 

*h«t. I B«l<j. I Om. I I^. I Sh^'. I IW, ' ■ ".'"' 

"'" ,. d. \ 3. d. \ t. d. \ t. i. \ ,. i. \ ,. i .'■ _ 

-,'^ 60 9 I'Sa 7 t *1 " t <* > I ■<> > I 84 . 

PRICE OP FLOUR, pw Suit, April n, Mi. to Gli. > 

■J , AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, Apifl 1«> M>. 7id. per «wt. .■/ 


HhtE^ J S/. 4>. to 4L B». I Kent Pocket! IL 18i. Wl£"-iL 

SnnaxIKtto iL Oi. to 21. lU. SiUMiQittt U. 10>.'M.^^'')lb 

B«»-T)it«o S/. 41. to 3i. Si.[E«xl>iito al.l4i.U&m. 

Ttuahum, Sae, «l. Ss. to si. »!. Secoait, al. tOi. ta 61. St. 


St.James'(,Haj4J.I0i. Stnmil.16s.f)d. Clover 4/. 1 Oi. Oif.—Whiteidi^l, Ukj4I.U.o4- 
Smi*3l.t4i.0ii. CloreT4l. l6s^SiDi(hlw]d,H>j4l.l4i. Stnir iJ. I Si. Od. Ciow 41. Mt. 
'■ ■ SMUHFIELD, April as. To »mk the OM— pet rtone of albi. 

Barf.. _ 3*. 4rf. to 4s. 4i. I Umb it. Bd. M ». ad. 

Mitl*oa 31. ad. to 4s. id. Htid ofCftttIa hC Mirlnt AptilaSi 

VeJ Si. id. to 5s. Qd. Bnuti 3Ba CiImi Md. 

Pnh;..: .., Ss, Sd. to 4*. 4i | Sheep. 7,980 Kg. U^. ' 

COALS, AprU 93 ; Newcutle, 33i. Od. Co 44s. 9^— Siudirlud, 40i. 6i. to 4Si: ^^i 

TALLOW, per ChE. Tdwb Tallow ait. ad. Yellotr RuaUB SO. Od. 

^AP, Yellow 7*1. Mottled 78j. Curd asj.— CANDLES, SJ. Bd. perDoi. Mookk lOi.Oii 

-iii' ■ ■ ■ ■ -' ^ 

THE PRICES of Navigasle Camal Sharei, Doci Stocki, Watmi Wohu, Fii(s 
MAiuwcE, and Gas Light Shahes, (in April, isas, to the asth), M the Office of Ml. 
lf;'R«IVE, successor to the Iste Mr. Scott, Sfl, Neo Brkk-e-strnet, Blsckfrim, La«- 
■m<..M}niid Trunk CbdsI, 3000Z. Dir. 7S^ per unnm. — Coventiy Cbiu], lOGOi. Dir. 
«41. per knnuin — ^Birmmghaoi CuiuJ, 0102. Dnr. HI. an mnma—tiftb, SOOl—Sma- 
■M, 1901. — MoDinDuth, lS9l. — GrBcd JunetiOD, S49I. DIv. iOL per mimain'— MuichutW, 
■«iCsn, and Bury CbosJ, 106L Div. S'. peTumam.— Old Unioo Cw»], TSi. «■ Dti. tt— 
it«4M>la, 68^:— Elleamare, S9I.— Regent'i, 431.— Pommomh uid Anitidel, SOt— 9(vMk 
iad Wye Rulny and Ceml, Sit. lOi. — Laocucer, £8^ vltU Dit. ll — Worceitet ud 
Binnlnghun, 30f. ex D'n. II.— Wilts and Berks, iL &].— JKaoDBt *ad Atoo, 3(U. 10r.~ 
Wwt IndU Dndc, Stock, 1 751.— Loudoa Dock, Stock, 1071.— .Globe Asinruiae, ISSL-r 
Attn Ditto, 51. 5j— -Eiist London Water Worb, 1 1 01.- Weitmimtet Gm Light and CoIm 
Compnj', «9i — Bith Git Ught Ditto, 181.5*.— Watnloo Bridge 013 AoBiiitiM, 31,^101. 
— LondoalBttitation, origiutl Sbarei, SBl, -'''- ■ ' - 


i • 

4 '* 



MAY, 1823. 

oRZGiNAi. coMmrmcAnoxis. 

Original Lbtter from the lats Eari. or Kccilford. 

E following interesting epistle, pourtraying the manners iind anraMOiciM 
of the Spaniards, was transmitted to the G^ntlenan to whom it h Md* 
1, when the noble author was Ambassador Extraordinary at the Court «f 
d ; to which official dignity he was appointed, on the 8th of June, 17084 
ded in that quality, with an equal attention to the interest of hts CoualPf 
le honour of his Sovereign, until June 17§6| when he returned bociie» 
as appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaiy to tkt hmmi 
ian King. His Lordship died at St. Osyth in Essex, m Sept. 1781.- ISM 
[. p. 491. 

T/> T TvMATtf FQn ^own both man and fiortc. Thet>tb0r 

^.r /. T -r, , /^ cavalier nnmed lately presented hiwsellBi 

Sir, Madnd, Feb. 1764. he, more dexterously, pinned «hfe bull 

AVE received yours of the 20th iti the neck ; and broke his iance ifi 
;d am much obliged to you for him. The man theft wss unh«i!ratd 
io regular a correspondent. Few mounted again ; for it is the rule iic;vw 
from England are so interesting to quit the horse till he dies oulrig^ 
, as those that happen at St The spirited steed went agaim t9 ^ 

charge with the greatest cotnBge : &pfl 

loss Woods has had of his this time his rider also pinned the boll, 
rieves me much : — ^but I hope and broke his lance, oat the h^rse^ 

1 not be fool enough to marry wound now grew worse with strain- 
As for my two dogs, he must ing, and he died. Then, seven kh 

\y have them broke in : but tell eight men on foot came into the circle, 

:nere is a race of pointers the all armed with little spears abont thms 

f Spain has, not so big as Pn«ce, feet long. One went directly op to 

e best in the world. These I the bull, who rushetl at hiiii^ and, 

;et the breed of, if 1 can ; while the beast stopped to lower hit 

his Majesty is very choice of head, the man planted, most cleverly, 

both the darts in his tieck. This €»- 

je dogs lead me to a Bull raged the bull, who ran roaring abotft 

I saw one, the other day ; with the two darts in him $ when an- 

f all the sio;hts 1 ever saw, this other attacked him, and served him 

2 finest. The Amphitheatre put the same. At last, .he bad qakc a 
mind of an old Roman one. necklace about him. Theuj one twefe 

nen on horseback, with spears a sword ; and, when the boll fnade at 

ir hands, and dressed in silk him, he leaped on one side, and thrtist 

gs, exhibited themselves. The the sword through his nock. T-tte 

is as large, and as fierce, as ever victim died upon the S4)0t. 

one. As soon as the folding When they have missed their \Am^, 

,'ere open, out he rushed. The and are closely pursued by the btili«^ 

r raised himself in his stirrups : they run, lay their hands opofi-a jDa/t« 

; bull ran furiously at him. He 9ado about six feet high, and jitiatip m 

I his horns, and met him with amongst the people: and often nar- 

ice in his neck; — but the bull rowiy«seapc; though their diexterii;^ fis 

about, and (at one stroke) tore far b^rotid ^at I could have tfooeei^- 

e horse's entrails, and i5ong td. We wrw tw^lte -ba^ ki^ 'in 

•■■•-■ •• ikiii 



-ikiPw. ,__ 

..diatflit about fdor in the tnAmingj 
%fita Engliih cOHatry-dmnoM^ ^^walt 
iigum and, ibeo, people Went ivaj 

IBtfi. A Kcond feUiTal tt Count 
Btamberg's, (be «a»e « beAm ; onlr 
Bllliail of ao Italian Bvletla, ne had 
£k ItaUut iSa-Muta— 'the woidi bg 
HkUMtana, attd tlie mngic b; a~ Spa- 
Undjt which was extremely preCt*. 
iH:t^lt. The whole Court kissed the 
t^Bf^tuttd, and ihe foreign minb- 
'Mnall attended. From Court we wait 
i^a grau dinner at the Dube de Bag- 
tintt. Ionnedi*te)v aha dinner, I n- 
iSni to mj own Boote, where I had 
itdealufeoBpany: andmjtt*elve 
' X in froptwere all covered with 
e it the principal 
the King wu to 
all the -houMi were adorned 
-ilk the Mme way ; for the King went 
thitmgh'the town in proceMion to a 
t^BMlv.called " Odr I^dt of Ato- 
hbHity" to return thanhs. I think I oe- 
,'lfer *Bff ajtner thew ; whether I odti- 
liifcf'.^e nUmber <^ Jine equipages, or 
m i i ywy/m eoachei of the IGng i aix 
Mj^itm drawn fay the raott bcautifiil 
l^natidi hotse), and the whole preceded 
1^ two thousand of the Hone>gnards, 
.wdl diesscd, and well mounted. ^tl the work wai completed. ' Aaiir 

SUth. A third Festival at Kosem- ihe dancers, be tent twen^ lelntj^ 
Itberg's, in the same sllle as the two mules, of six each; on tbcBbraonU 
itrst; only now we had a tragedy of a road, (which is twelve d^joMnty 
iSlK^ile's — Hypermnestra — translated from hence,) to bring two egvpjfl.M 
!^to Spanish, and tolerably well per- them ; and the same nnmbdi ti! fe- 
^xttimt; followed by a farce in Spa- lays on the road to Cadii, to bri^ 
il^^,. droll enough. As tliis was the the other two couple of them. . -h 
{faii pf Count Rosemberg's enieiuin- Thevery moment the pUywasbrv, 
. njeHts, we had, after the play and be- we were all carried into another atite 
fore supper, a very fine firework before of apartments, where there vFcre •lix 
Jiis house ; and no accident happened tables : — some of an hundred etm^, 
,.^— which was extraordinary, — for at Others of eighty and sixty,~-flll co*ai^ 
tbe first tirework the Kin^ ^rave, there most magnificently. Every thiu^ura 
ftcete above thirty people killed in the hot, with variety of soups, and Mt.i>f' 
uttowd. all aorta. N.B. Tke nearest pert ijf 
1 SIst. We expected this would have the tea lo ui it betuiem three itdfmer 
ibccn a day of rest \ — But, lo our great hundred milet. In short, ereij hiiij 
nurprtze, the Duke of Medina Celi, was seated at c" " 

^ ;r of the Horse, in- leturned hack lo the theatre,. il4lMi 

^ed every body at Rosemberg's to was now converted into S tnlb-roMi. 

come to him the next night. His I opened the ball, with U)e Ditchesi 

. bouse is, indeed, a palace i the Ivgest of Medina Celi. She is Mada^al^ 

pRvate one, I believe, in Europe. But, enies'*' daughter, aboat lixteen jvan 

'-'•' ■- "-" lives next door to me, I old, and the pretuett woaun faMtr— 

ir knew what he had been lomeihtagin the a^Ie'of Ladf .H!al- 

jnfWvr ^nVyif* "oWW' ^ ■pPwwbi^^BW' ^^V 

*^£^"'''"" ' " ' — " 

Mta-fk-tSm- lAiiueiJawi 

•«fc»l*msirfl»ricfc,i>P«>l»Uf BiiilffiDilii" 

*fcth«Sn»,cilHBnrTVm.««i ,703, ekten 

ri M htn b«B elected on tla ^^^ j^ggQ „ 

i.whkli oriMJIy ooa»«t»ii Oitt dleoft(»|H 

rttiTNiKthendof tbepi«ant» ^„"i ™ 

^t>-uieel. .,, , (DCntoofft 

ttateroeoc, I tltrnk, wiU be dnef, and 

faeerroneous. ^lont of tl 

Ae denwlilKin of die front Augmenuti 

C" of iioae'' appMTs t* ^d Hell «n 

a alight being of that j^y^ pmsu 

, tnd it aeemi neatly certain, ,j^_ o^„ 

M uucriptiom hereafter msert- y^^^g berttt 

ihe sameifanf^entwaiTaittd leBgtlt; the 

erthan ]57(>. the twelfth jicar (^f. Hall, hi 

Kth. Mr. John Carter, in hit tj|{ ymrtbt 

Dmbei of " Architectural la- fQ„g ^f^ ^ 

"(M* vol. Lxxvii. 135), more thcT^orthi 

n hi» eonjecturei, lajs (in bw ^f ^^ ,0^ 

le). front of *i 

eoart of Eiehsqntr, b; tfac re- belbte liatai 

bora, wiDilawi, &c. mwt be of ttOT teqiitred, 1 

tietoditjileaf irotlmiuubip; muij wai dcmol 

wd^ known that the road to to the . . .. 

ges of Parliament was formerly entire no to I 

King-street, and Union-streel, ajipeared in the Exchequer Court ; the 

vere ill so miserable a state whole were laid prostrate this morning, 

pts were thrown into the ruts and on removing thein from their stone 

days on which the King went basements in Ihe sub-structure, the 

Hment, (o render the passage names of the following Pillars of the 

Hate-coach more easy. From Stale were discovered engraven ronnti 

ireet the road continued on $ei'en of ihem, with the date 1670 in 

,em lide of New Palace-yard, the middle of each. 


the least curious particular, teclure, very considerable and perfect 

light nf what the oak-pillars relics of which were diacOTcrable 

ipport, had caused impres- amidst the barbarous alterations and 

: inscriptions 10 be formed mutilations it bad at various tima, 

perfect as on wax. and for various purpose!, experienced. 

ipartmenl, known as It is nut in point of antiquity to tin 

uri of Exciieguer, is entitled 

t There were aim bi die PifaM ji 

J.Z.U ' . f .. '"""^y- called HMven ud PiRHtMV. 
y. and the beauty of its arch- ^ ^^^ -i* iT^^ta of «fc« 
— ^ ' " Toonu, arc now depMilBd m a b*^ Ibimbh 

9nith') volunie ma publlaliait in my weodvi bail&g, ireBNi B lim nuirt 
of Weitmlnrter HalV 


im:i Aecmmt tfiuBmtnl'u JIUtf. «(#>4lH. .l^>»- 

me pnoiT cm oiesnM 'Witti tlie bi^ 

rouf and rcTcnaM of Ai* A^b^, wn 
aDnexed to the See of Normcli int^ 
Ibcreof ; and m ri^ht i^ Ikit haroi^ 
0a Biikop nfybnach noto till ttt ^ 
Haute qf Lordt, the baronv of the Sec 
' ■ ■ ' " )tV(tihiiAI)S§ 

beiag in the Crown) m 

fhe ttatutet, bWHthe diNokiiioa, 
, Holme waf « iqbrod abber.. mi itt 

from the ftiaiihet on which it is iitU' 
ated, and to empty the same into the 
North river, whereon it neaily abuts. 

There are still iianding two archei 
of this once ' 'sumptuous pile ;' the 
West one is situated inside the mil!, 
and is much ornamented ; its epodrilt 
have the figures of a man with a swonl 
and a liori finely relieved j the other 
arch, standing more Easterly, is well 
proportioned, and ornamented wiib 
shields, blazoned with the s 

Mr. Urban, AprUS. 

T^E following extract from the 
apace of the bell tower that stood in i. Miroir de Paris, »ol. VI. p. 1 14, 
• 11«M visn of (hi. G.te,- iE . mor. per- ^^ '^° '"""""'^ to me by a fricod! 
fcet Hats, mth B fp-ound plot, tn iiigr**ai] 4- ItJm^^^ .» 
i> iJm ** V*WsU Manament*" bf (^ So- 
vttj of Antiqusria. 

Gmt. Mas. AToy, tats. 

I Vol. V. fol. c«tion i or nJ. XI. y. M, 



Oliver, Latin, from the olive-li' 
an emblem of peace. 

PalHch, Laiin, patrician, noble. 

Paul, Greek, or Latin, small. 1 
Apostle was of low ataliire, but the 
milarity of sound between this and his 
Hebrew name Saul, 
tribute to hi3 being i 

led, (as Silas 
both having been greatly 

gilt, the lormer 
mets, when a valiant German slew 
one of their invaders, assuoiiiig hii, 
guild helm, he was afterwards named 
froxn it; the French made it^Guil- 

^ Thi^ I 

become Roman ciiizens) ; Paul being less 

Peter, Greeli. a sloue, or rock. The 
name originated with ourSaviour, when 
He 'said to his Apostle Simon ; "Thou 
art Peter, and upon this rock will 1 
btilM my church," Matt, xv, 18. 

exempljfictl : lor with whatever possibiltly ot conlagton spreading in 

ty the lide ebbs or flows in a opposition to the wind : for ihe lower 

ur or river, we invariably find particles of air impregnated with the 

:ral eddies; and tliou^b siibter' contagious miasmata, or general excit- 

ones cannot be so easily delect- ing cause of the disease, becoming 

lere can be little doubt of their latefied by their proximity to the earlh'» 

onally existing, and indeed per- heated surface, yield to the pressure of 

Minsiantly, where the superficial the more dense air, which descends to 

it is always running in one direc- restore the equilibriutn, while the for- 

>%'ithout any visible cause ; as mer continue rising (gradually parting 

!h the straits of Gibraltar into 

editerrancan. For notwithstand- 
,ie elaborate calculations which 
leen made to shew the immense 

k, be merely to supply the defi- 
' caused by the excess of evapora- 
that the Atlantic is constantly 
ig its waters into the Mediterra- 
The level is no doubt preserved 
proportionate discharge excited 
1 re-aclion from the surrounding 
, which must necessarily become 
■terfloent current, because the 
of the Mediterranean being more 
Jy impregnated with saline par- 
are of a greater specific gravity 
hose of the Allanlic. 


The hour diier Chair, — British Hirundyies. 


» tgree with the chair nor with 
ht's engraving. 

. Ment in your Magazine of 
mber last, passing the fess Argent, 
x>ntraclicted, says (to my surprise) 
'f the colours are (listinp;uibhc>(i 

2 chair by specific lines, it must 
tremely singular and interesting, 
he number of* projections intro- 

on the chair does not prove 
to be cheques, and that he does 
iearly see how Wright's History 
evidence on the subject of it. 
w, Mr. Urban, granting that it 
lot be very interesting to the puh- 

3 more than to myself) whal the 
tin arms should be, yet in sup- 
)f what I originally advanced, I 
3 observe, as my last words on 
sccasion, that nnding the 4th 
!r of the arms carved on the 
rhier chair to correspond inform 
theplate of the stained glass win- 
n Oakham Church, I from that 
eing drew my representation and 
ption, and did not substitute one, 

oat of my own ignorance or 
my own invention. That I never 
nat the pannel did shew heraldic 
V, but that the lines were added 
pwlf (from Wrights engraving) 
tinguish them for greater accu- 

Ijaat the fess was Argent (as 
sd by Mr. Ment), and that with 
I to the billets, the express num- 
r /eii, did not agree, either with 
lair, or the Oakham window. 
tainly, Wright's " History of 
nd 18 not lefral evidence, nor 
I It be admitted as such in a court 
tice; but when I find a carving 
Si^ oldy agreeing exactly in form 
■p antient painting on glass, it 
ftrong presumptive testimony, in 
dod at least, that the Louvain 
were intended in both cases. I 
liogly described the charges as 
J»4 from the engraving, because 
I found them. Mr. Ment con- 
that it was customary to add to 
imber of charges ad libitum; but 
nyself, not caring whether they 
to have been billets or cheques. 

I denied tlie limitation only, And de- 
pictured what 1 found on the plate. 

Heraldic lines were invenlea in l63p 
(exactly 130 years), not centuries after 
the death of Henry the Seventh, in 
whose reign the chair was carved. 
Yours, &c. Investigator. 

M r. U R B A N , IJartwell, May 1 . 

I NOW fulfil m)r promise of sending 

1 you representations of the two other 

snecies of British Hirundinea. (See 


The Swift, hirundo apus. Is the 
largest of the genus, being seven inches 
in length, and nearly eighteen in 
breadth when its wings are extended. 
Ruy says of this bird : Ob alarum Ian- 
gifudinem et brevitatem pedum humo 
cegre se tollere po/M/.— Raii Synop. p. 
72. 1 1 is of a sooty black colour^ with 
a whitish spot on its breast. It ar- 
rives in this country towards the middle 
of May, and departs about the middle 
of August*. It builds in holes of 
rocks, m ruined towers, and under the 
tiling of houses. It has only one 
brood in the year. 

The Swi ft comes at first in greater nunH 
bers at once, and they all depart more 
suddenly than any of the other species. 

This species is also known by the 
name ot the Black Martin, Black 
Swallow, Squeaker, Screamer, Devel- 
ing:, or Shriek Owl. 

The Sand Martin, Hirundo Ri- 
paria, is the smallest of the genus> 
being about four inches and three 
quarters in length, and is of a dusky 
brown colour above, and whitish be- 
neath. It builds its nest in holes, 
which it bores in banks of sand, and is 
said to have only one brood in the year. 

The steep banks of some rivers 
abound witli the nests of this bird. 
They are numerous about Bozhill, 
Guildford, and other sandy parts of 
Surrey and of Kent, where 1 have exa- 
mined their nests in autumn, by dig- 
ging; into their holes. 

Ihis species is also known by the 
names of Sand Swallow, Bank Martin, 
or Shore Bird. T. FoRStER. 

IB remarkable, that most countries have a similar proverb relating to the Swal- 
iccidental appearance before its usual time. The Greeks have Mia ;^iAi^ Mf 
I the Xjatins, Una hirundo non facit ver ; the French, Une hirondelle ne &lt pas Im 
U I the Germans, £ine schwalbe macht keinen fruling ; the Dutch, £en swalaw 
^D zomer ; the Swedes, £n svala gCr ingen sommar ; the Spanish, Una golon^BA 
9 verano; the Italians, Una rondine nun fa primavera; and the English, one twaUotu 
t make a summer, 

T. Mao. Mm^f 1883. Mr. 


'J||^^^Hf<Lj %«W v^^ fl^PiMlfljp^OTl^MS H^ '^#fmv VI^^^VV* ^^WWW^W^^^^Wi ^^OT 

QyncBRf. It it an otttDttal ih th» greater parts of it tMr mniif<i<m 

flmidation of such establishments^ that are wlyected to the leri^Mi mm mitf 

nieo of Ume and public knowledge firmatioo of a genccal meetings loiiUal 

ijbuiM be its patrons; but the mere they are expeoted either to tiibmil tbo 

jialroniage of contribution is not sufiU whole of their minutes, or lo prtMal 

cienty as credit is placed in their hands a report of their principal aots} ihM 

for legislative functions, so here the take the entire superintendanoe aai 

names of the great and of those who direction as they would of their owo 

fill high and responsible stations are household, and are frequently ealM 

requisite to shew to the community upon to observe the most soaod dir- 

tbat their judgment and sanction are cretion in manv difficult oecorreae«ii 

staked upon tlie undertaking — but all which they have to consider are ^ 

when these have been eiven, some^ be done by their order, and to be flMdi 

diing more is requisite — their presence public, and thereby to effsct the isvonr 

at general meetmgs, and their taking or the ruin of the establishneat. Thil 

part in what their names have recom- shews how very necessary ir is d&ni 

mended, are of the highest importance each member should feel himsdf boilii4 

in the promotion of tne cause, for the to occupy his place at the times .of 

people will never place their confidence meeting, shoula sufifer no resolutkio 

- where it appears that their chiefs with- to pass without a clear explanation of 

draw ; in vam might these institutions, its utility and necessi^, and should b9 

which are connected with any corpo- excited to a sense of^duty so far as to 

ration, look for support from others, yield to none (^ his fellows in vigir 

if those who fill its most elevated posts lance and punctuality; many ypUM 

do not preside over them — happily we institutions have been actually vaileS 

have in London very little ground for to respect and opulence by ttie assi* 

complaint against presidents for this duity of their Committee, and by tepa- 

defect, but amon^t the lon^ lists of rating their duties into Suo-ooo^ 

yice-presidents, this personal influence mittees ; for all are made active by tlif 

is not so eenerally afforded as the example of their leaders, and wiwn 

nature of their office imports — ^it is they relax all vioour fails I In nxiK 

not so much their money as their per- to obviate the £inger of wanting li 

sonal sanction which is sousht tor : ouorum of the members chosen, it it 

sermons and festivals, general courts frequently made a standing rule of 

and elections, all very essential means these societies that every Committee 

of annual support, are considerably should be open to all its members ; a 

more productive when thus attended, rule which is pleasing for its liberality^ 

and the^ constitute the chief or only and for the disarming any, the least 

duty which such persons undertake to charge of partiality or jealousy amongst 

perform. themselves ; as also that it often secures 

Treasurers and Secretaries follow in a competent board for the business of 

their train, whose official obligations the day, which must otherwise be de» 

are more defined, and where they are ferred, or which may lead to worse 

entrusted with the receipt of money, effects, namely, that the officers, if 

security is most prudently required, as members of the society, have a right 

well as from Collectors. Treasurers to constitute themselves into a board ; 

are of a higher class of both ; fortune and it should never be forgotten, thai 

and station probably render them su- a board, once formed, has the entire 

perior to the temptations of others; dominion over the institution; it is 

Dut over all these offices an active obvious that the acting Committee 

Committee, or well-instructed Auditors, should never suffer themselves to be ao 

are and ought to be vested with unre- overruled in their absence, 

laxing control, and if this is not freely The inspection of the interior of 

exerted, they are not the true friends these establishments, their necessary 

of either the charity or the officers supplies, their repairs, improvements, 

whose accounts they are directed to nurses, and servants, in adoition to the 

inspect. care of the patients, are all most i(n- 

(JOMMITTEES, &c. Every institu- portant concerns, which devdve upon 

tjon vests in a certain number of its the Committee and the visitors, and 

members, full authority in a standing require continual attention so lon^as 

or revolving Committee to superintend the poor objects are made the |)rinpipi|l 

the whole coricern — in some of the end, as thqr were this causeaf the And - 


lAtitfeMM* agKe-wtth the ekur nw.wilii I in^ 

I Wiiahi'i rngrn i in|i, pirtaro 
^ Mr. Unt ia ^r Miguine or Hera 

> September latt, panbg the fe« Argenr, (cxactl] 

Mt OBcontridictHl, says (to myaurpriie) the dea 

that if the colours are diatin^uiihed whose i 
on [he c^hair by specific lines, jt must Ve 

be extremdy singular and interesting, * 

.that the naubcr of prqjectioaa JDtro- Mr. X 

duced oa the chair does not prove I NO' 

them to be cheques, and that he does 1 ^ou 

not clearly see how Wright's History species 

gives evidence oo the subject of It. PI. li.) 

Now, Mr. Urban, granting that it The 

may not be veiy interesting to the pub- largest o 

lie (no more than to cnyseif) uhal the in leng 

uvain arms ikould be, yet in mp- breadth 

t of what I originally advancttl, 1 Ruy say 

'3 observe, as my latt words on gilvdint 

occasion, that nnding the 4th agri le 

tarter of the artni carvM on the 73. Il 

Wichier chair to correspond iKjarm a whitii 

f with the plate of the stained alan win- rives la I 

dpw in Oakham Church, I from Ihal of May, 

■ngraving drew my r^resentjition and of Aug 

dncription, and did not tafattiUte one, rocks, u 

fiitber out aC-an own iraofance or Uling « 

Thatli ■ ^" 


that thb patuiel did ibew heraldic TbeSwifioomctatGntiBKnatnaMiiiii 

— but that the line* were added ben at once, and 6kB sB qqMiVfna 

If (from Wri^t'a engraving) suddenly^ oT ' ' 

linguisli them for greater accu- This snaeiet.i* A« knMWijKliiii 

, ^. That the fess was Argent (as name of th« Black Martiiiii.Awfc 

J aUowed by Mr. Ment), and that with Swallow, Squeaker, Screamer, Devd- 

' .Tdgard to ibe biileti, the exprea num- ing, or Shriek Owl. 

of (m, did not acree, either with The Sand Mabtim, Hinmdv Jti- 

.- chair, or the UakTiam window. pnria, is the smallest of the geil!B^ 

iCetiainl^, Wright's '■ History of being about four iaches and thrae 

"*' — '' '- — ■: legal evidence, nor quarters in length, and is of ad)Hk}r 

ittL'd as such in a court brown colour altove, and whitish b^ 

iticej but when 1 find a carving neath. It bnilds its neit in hoW, 

yeqrs old, agreeing exactly in form which it bores in banks of sand, an^ia 

■ an anient painting on glass, it said lo have only one brood in the year. 

raise* strong presumptive testimony, in The sleep banks of some riven 

flsy mind at least, that the l»uvain abound with the nesls of this. bird. 

ided in both cases. I They are numerous abofU BoithiU, 

atmavere intended in both cases. I They are numerous abofU il<nchill, 

accordingly described the charges as Guildford, atid other sandy pula (k 

eheguei, from the engraving, because Surrey and of Kent, where I have ex»- 

such 1 found them- Mr. Ment con- mined their nests in autumn, bydi^ 

cedes that it was customary to add lo ging into their holes. 
the number of charges ad liLilumi but This species is also known by ike 

as to myself, not caring whether they names otSand Swallow, Bank Maitic, 

ought to have been billets or cheques, or Shore Bird, T. FossHu^ 

• It ia rBmBrluil.le, [hit niu.t cnuotrin hive ■ ^iUr proterb relitii^ »b dwSMl- 
kia'i ucidenCRl ■ppeumnce before iu uiual dms. The Greek) hive Mis x'Vh* jhr 
^.siiii Che UtiQB, tins hiniDdaiioa^itTeri the Fieoch, Una hiraDdallc ds&U|mJ^ 
piuuemi the Germini, Eiue ichwilbe ruaclit keiMn truling; ths Dutch, Eea susha 
IDukt ge«D zamei ; the SweJei, £a svila gOr ionB lOismar ; the Spuiab, Uu golondriaa 
naVf* veranoj the JuJimia, Ifns loniline non hfTamnn; ud the Eagfiih, eiinUMlkm 
SwK Arf mate a tuntmer, 
^ ,4»St. Mao. Maj, isaa. . . ' ,' .. . , ,' ,, ^"K^. 

-T- O 

1 JH/f* U«iAH» Monk 31. . aibniiioe m aaian<|ffolMfafe viiMi^lris 
! JplONSIDERABLE time haviDj^ abtcnce ftom tUi couatfji^ «r diB ^hst 

2 ^y elapsed since the last commum- he has qinttied for ever thla woHd. 
f OMion of " Byro*8 Compendium of The frequent repetitioiis of thetedkNibia 
1 (poonty History/* several of your Cor- at length induced me U> attempt ta 
* iopondents have expressed their doubts supply the deficiency of hit -ra« 
: ^ to his intention of sending any searches. 

IwMpe conunonications i while others Yoors^ &c. 6. T. 


*< Ah ! sad the rejection — icenet lovdy as tlwM* 
The hand of the Tyrant will frequently mar i 
Will disseminate hemlock, and root up the vine» 
And rally sach glens with the horrors of war! 

Not iu from this spot have such scenes of disffuat 

(In ages absorb'd) been observed on the plam : 
The blood of the Soldier has tinted the dusty 

And LansdoWk been ccff^ed With wounded and slain. 

There stands a remembrance, a column of stone 

Erected by man, as a record of &me ; 
bat it seetns to the optics of FWiicy to moan. 

While it proudly exhibits the Warrior^s name." 

Rural Piecn^Ut. BfW.R.T. 


"Bmsndanes, North, the Severn Sea, and ^oji of Gloucestershire: £ast» Wilt- 
.. shire: South, Dorsetshire and Devonshire : West, Devonshire. 
Greatest length 68 ; greatest breadth 47 ; square 16S0 miles. 
^^ratmce, Canterbury ; Diocese, Bath and Wells ; Circuit, Western. 


W^riiish Inhabitants^ Belgae. 

Ttoman Proffince, Britannia ^rima. Stations, Aquis Soils, Bathi Ischalis, Ivd- 

Saxon Heptarchy, Wessex. 

j^ntiquities. Druidical Temples of Chew Magna (the stones forming a circle 
of a reddish colour) ; Stanton Drew. British Earthwork, Wansuike (the 
boundaries of the Belgacans, and the Aborigines). Roman Encampments of 
Blacker*s hills ; Bowditch ; Brompton Bury Castle ; Burwalls ; Cadbury ; Ca- 
malet ; Chesterton ; Chew Magna ; Cow-castle ; Doleberry ; Douseborough j 
Godshill ; Hawkridge-castle ; Hampton-down ; Masbury ; Mearknoll ) Mod- 
bury ; Monnceaur-castle ; Neroche ; Newborough ; Norton Hautville j Stan- 
tonbury ; Stokeleigh ; Tedbury ; Trendle-castle ; Turks-castle } Wiveliscombe 
and Worleberry. Roman Temples at Bath (dedicated to Miner\'a), a very 
superb one (supposed to have been dedicated to Apollo, or the Sun), a Sacel- 
lum (dedicated to Luna). Saxon Earthwork, Salisoury-hill (thrown up at the 
siege of Bath in 577). Saxon Encampment of Harold at Porlock. Danish 
Camp, Jack's-castle, Kilmington. Abbeys of Athelney Isle (built by King 
Alfred); Banwell (in the time of Alfred); Bath (built in 1137, by Oliver 
King, Bishop of that diocese); Bruton (founded by St. Algar, Earl of Corn- 
wall, in the reign of Ethelred) ; Cliff (founded by William de Romare, before 
1188); Glastonbury; Hinton (founded by the Ist Earl of Salisbury^; 
Kcynsham (founded by William Earl of Gloucester) ; Muchelney (founded by 
King Athelstan, now a barn); Wells (first founded byKins Ina, re-erected 
by Bishop Joceline de Wells in 1239; the palace of the Bishop is like a 
castle). JPriories of Barlinch ; Barrow ; Bath (built by King Osric in 676) j 
Berkley (founded in the reign of John, by one William a Norman Baron) j 
Buckland Sororum (founded about 1 167, by William de Erleigh, Lord of 
the Manor of Durston) ; Cannington (founded by Robert de Courcy, sewer 
to the Empress Maud) : Chewton 5 Dnnster (built by William de Mohun, 
temp. W^m. I., now the parish Church); Frome (erected by AldhdA, 


* The Wick rocks, which bordsr on this coiuily. 



ti» ftet bigjbj; EmnoMaaMtk (a fiM ^view t<riiliiii| Mai>-|i|hi 
nmnd-hiU (nses to a vait htkjtn above the tal of llle #Pfi)| wkm* 
^^oir St. George; LaDsdown-bniCsiS feet h^r,tbe tMaail flT iWa 
131 » attained by a steep ascent of 3 miles) ; Leigbckmn; Meii^p4ii08 (»• 
fmd fnwa Frome on tne East to Axbric^, and from Bedminster ob tlio 
t^orth to Glastonbury) ; Moorlincb (330 feet bigb) ; North-biil $ Fonltos* 
;; 'bill ; Prior Park ; Quantock-bills (an extensive ridge which rans from EiH 
'''"Qoantoxhead^ through a rich country, as far as the vale of Taanton ; a fioe 
' ¥iew of the Welsh coast); Taunton; Thomey-down (6lO feet high); aai 

Wbite-down. "» 

Nahtral Curiosiiies, Alford mineral spring; Ashill mineral spring; Gtttle* 
eaiy mineral sprins (resembling that at Epsom) ; Bath bitnmen, nitre, and 
sulphur springs; Chard spring (conveyed by leaden-pjnet to four oondvita 
which supply the inhabitants with water) ; Chbddbr Kocks <aboot a mik 
and a halt long); Culbone ; Durkbrrt mourtaiv (the base of whteh U 
IS miles in circumference, rising 1770 feet above the level of the sea) ; Dntkby 
bills (produce Comua ammonis, and Eckirds) ; East Chenock salt spring ($6 
miles from the sea) ; Enmore ^the source of the river Ex) ; Glastonoorj 
mineral spring (near the Cham-^Ue) ; Laneport (the source of the nver 
PDnet") ; Mendip-hills (the source of the river rrome) ; Neroche forest ; 1(9 e* 
therStowey spring (running from a hill above the Church, covers evenr thing 
it meets with a stony crusty ; Queen's Camel mineral spring : Sdwooa fixrest 
(beginninff at Frome ana extending near 15 miles); Vallis Roeks (near 
Frome) ; Wellington mineral springs; Wells mineral spring; Wokiy holb 
(the source of the river Axe). 
PubUe Educes, Avon river, stone bridae over from Keynsham to Gloaoester, 

mmy of Frederick Prince of Wales, who visited Bath in 1738 ; in a arove near 
die Abbey Church, since called Orange grove, an obelisk SO feet high, to the 
memory of the Prince of Orange, who here recovered ftotA a dangerous sicknessi 
Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. in 1553 ; King's Bath, 
handsome building; Parade; St. John's Hospital, built in 1728, by Mr. Wood 
the Architect, upon the site of an old hospital erected temp. Elizabeth; St. 
Catherine's Hospital, founded on the site of an ancient Alms-house, built by 
two sisters of the name of Bimberry ; Bcllott's Hospital, founded by Thomas 
Bellott, temp. Jac. I. ; Casualtjj Hospital, founded by a few inhabitants in 1778 | 
Puerperal Charity, established in 1792 $ Charity School, founded by Robert Mel- 
son in 1711 5 Bath West of England Society for the encouragement of Agri- 
culture, Arts, &c. established J 777 5 Philosophical Society, established 1799. 
Bridgkwater Free-School, founded by Queen Elizabeth in IbOl ; Church, 
the spire the loftiest in the county ; Town Hall i Bridge over the Parret, com- 
menced by William de Briovere in the time of King Jonn, and finished by Tho- 
mas Trivet, a nobleman of Cornwall. Bruton Cross; Free Grammar-school,, 
founded by Ed w.VJ. Crewkerpe Free Grammar-school, founded by Dr. Hody, 
temp. Ed w. VI. Exford Charity-school, founded by Mr. Cox and Mrs. Musgrave. 
Frome Church, 150 feet long, and 54 broad, from the towers rises an octagonal 
spire, 120 feet high ; Free School, founded by Edw. VI. ; Almshouse for widows, 
erected by subscription in 172O. Glastonbury cross; St Michael's tower 
or tor (where the last Abbot of Glastonbury was execut^), stands on a high hill 
North-east of Glastonbury ; Glastonbury pump-room, opened Aug. 12, 1753 1 
llminstcr Free- school, founded by Edwara VI. At Kilmington, 2 miles from 
the Church, is Alfred's Tower, erected by Hen. Hoare, Esq. of Stourhead j 
stone bridge. Langport Grammar-school, founded by Thomas Gillet lit 
1670. Martock Grammar-school, founded by William Strode in l66l, 
Mells Charity School. Shepton Mallet Church; Cross; Bridewell for ihn 
county; Almshouse founded 1699. Somerton Free-school; Almshouse. 
Tadnton Free Grammar-school, founded temp. Hen. VII. by Richard Fox, 
Bi^p of Winchester ; Almshouses, one founded by Robert Gray, Esq. t 
Hospital ; Bridewell. Wellington hospital, founded by Lord Ckm Josim 
Popham, temp. Jac. I. Wells Chanty-school, fbonM in. 1714 1 Towv 
Ceit. Mag. Mai/, 1823. HaU, 



Jf^nWA ^nW^W^^^H^WW^mr * ^^W 


Arerogr*. Dakwtom of 

MarqiiiMU'to-Tli)«iM v 

-to CoouMty, Haiqob tX ', 

v'Me of dbewton Buoo 

BsrooT to Boyle, Eari < 

taoTc Baiony to Percnal 

Waldegravcj Cooper of 

GlaitonbutT Buony to ( 

count Clifden t Pitt of B 

Pciulett of St HiDtoD St 

Baron; to Poulettj l\ch 
' Jgtteb BaroniM to Strani 

'n^i Wdlesley Baroiiv tc 

doin, MvQtuMte, Eatldoi 
Mmuhyt to Parlmuiit for 

Si HilbonwPottSjMii 
Atibiet. fitoDc, irao, idt, 

Anils, copper, lead, marl, 

iniiMrii. iFuller's CHrth, 
ahu n ^clurM. Woollen clotbt, hati, gtovea, mikmi ^ 

stockings, Spanish medly-cloths, dowlu, fiokiag, 

Jmt^n^.<>f^oK, pottery, Cbedder checM. 

-. TOJRULATION. . ' ': : 

mttOteitiO. LiberHei7- Whole Parukei *7t. PatU ^ PmiOn ». Ji^» 

itl loimu 3t.~'Jnkabilanti. Msle* ITO/iggi Feiiuileil8S,ll5i IMal3fi5^4.' 

^aMtMneinpkiyediaagricii!tUTe31j44B| in trade t7,19t| in ndtber I441M f 

totfd 73,537.— £apiumf. Mates 48,77? I Females 47.tn6 j toul gs,aa8*^> 

" ' ' » 34^51).— Otrw/i. Males S7,a6T I Female* 88,044 1 told i6jH*.^ 
P/srai having not less than lOUflltihatntants. ' ' ': 

Hcmsei, Inhab, " " " " " ' ' 

ling, ker*eT*» liit*e,'b(iii«laQ!|, 

B>th (city) - S4I5 


Deucumaa, St 



Maniott - 936 


Frome Selwoott 3409 

Hrulon - - 

ClnttoD - 96« 


Twrntoo - 1549 


Chedder - 



Ci»i7 It*veU 983 







NuU.B - 



AahtoA, Loqg 904 


Well. - - 1086 

fieckinston - 




te:!"*"} "« 


Curry North 



Mmra - 185 
Mark - 303 



Cwtle Csij - 

Mells - 933 





SulvntoD - 308 


Y.ovil - - aoB 



CocLar, Eut 913 



StokeSuGre-^ „„ 

AiUinick - SS& 


Miiboroe Putt 

gory - : '*" 

Cnwkerae - 550 


B>i»»dl - 


PilW widx ... 

Fe^Mtton, North 603 




Woltoo »" 

Wedmore - 696 

Pilmimtar - 



Tim.b«r, - m 


Wnelisooinbe 576 

P.ulton - 



S(oIi£-«ndCT- 1 „, 


M«tock - 330 

^X7 : 


Gl«rt*mbur¥, I 
St. John J ■"■* 

Bl.Sd« - 919 


Bomb«:St. \ „ 


IlmiDMCT - 359 




NiohoW J ^ 

E-ton-in- 1 ,„,, 
QokIuid j" ■'"■' 


Stogumber - 
Evetcreaoh - 






01da»eve • 


CMnartoD - 18^ 




MiniOwiid - 

"^^ },- 

XBiUoridDii - 374 


Ditch™. - 

Mil»rtoa - 397 







We.(«. - 399 


BriiliDgtoD - 


StokelMM^ 7 Dsg 


rh«w,W,gw a76 


Total iilaots - 

3 ; bouses »5 

901 (.iolnbiUHW »»(«(*., .■...^H 


''' " ■:' 

'■■ ■■■ EvWktitff 



li, earn pMrWim' ni«ai . 

MB ■■■ m bao- Ttte «crunv_ __ ^.^...^ 
)n volnattrifqD pTofiwtni Biiliiuii, pott mi 
■MM, pMparibiu Cbriati berwiibiu tw- 

" 'Wlii a -ldifc. 8^ inii. MDLX 
^n- DiinDM QoUtneUai, J 

->uAa&/.addiuoD to joai Correspoddeiit, 

oqAei.(*<JiL&" p. 3l6, ujMD tbc wbJBCt 

-nwGaglUmea buried lo the centetarj 

"ifcftJ Uwt w* u Venice, allow ow to 

'Wvft'Ae Mowing particnUn of the 

■"ttbilT'^^ Weitont, £>rb of Port- 

''^d.'-The dnwht<<raf the mEarl of 

''l^MaM, iit'«. Anne Weston, married 

' 'VSpZtH of Denbigh, a oohletnan in 

"'dinmE of the restoration of Charles 11. 

»)e ^ at Venice, March 10, l634. 

uid is most proliably the person who 

';# says is hiirieJ there; but I have not 

•been able to ascertain whether her 

father, meniioiied by " J. B./' either 

died or was buried at Venice. He 

Was son of Sir Jerome Weston, of 

■:Roici¥ell, ard Sheriff of the countj 

■ of Essex, in the 41st of Eliiabeth ; 
-be was made Chancellor of the Ex- 

cheouer ; created Baron Wesion of 
Neyland, co. Essex, lfi28; appointed 
Lord Treasurer of England, upon the 
removal of the Earl of Marlborough ; 
and, February 17, l63S, Earl of Port- 
jand. He died only two days after his 

■ daughterAnne. CatliarineWeston.who 
, -dieiiwor.6, l645,a6ed39,Keb buried in 

the cemetery of the English Collie at 
.,, Bame; see p. 217- where the inscrip- 
tion lo her memory is eiven. He was 
succeeded by his son, Jerome Weston, 
who died Ifi or 19 March, Ifi63 ; and 
■ /Tras succeeded by his son and heir, 
' Charles Weston ; who was slain in a 
"fiea-light against the Dutch, June 3, 

■ 1665, s.p. These Earls of Portland 
bore for their arras t Or, an eagle, re- 
jiai^ant and displayed Sable, Tho- 
ina» Weston, 4tn Earl, and uncle to 
Chadcs Weston, 3rd Earl, married 
Anne, daughter of Jnhii, Lord Butler 


{n addition 1 
md"AK Ami 
tfae followiiv 
buiiod «bro^ 
or KicbanI de 
lownof Barbe 

Normandy) aon of WilKam^ dt Vian- 
tis, of the noble family arPtsB^Mjictf 
NewRM/eo. SMieiMt, 'Bafli «rf VAr- 
'nick, died "bq 
his body to be b 
Church, near tfa 
Clerby, hi* firat 
lived abroad, iia 
of land in Norm 
lieoui nsea for t 


Jnality, brad up 
. and n. who 
the Popea Benet 

V. ai a " petion of great teanioBfv^ 
bity, and «ouneay,' and in 3S Edw. I. 
he w«» recommeiided, ande^ tfaa^lame 
character, to Charles King of Sicily. 
He died at Bnlonia in the year 13C3, 
and was there buried. 

Yours, &c. Stemmalysmv. 

Mr. Urbasi, 

f N theJ3uarlerly R< 


.. - , , iblisfied 

eb. last, (No. LV^. pp. lai 

J ... .larks upon 

a Society denominated the " Royal 
Society of Literature," in which it is 
called a " Society lately erected for 
the Manufacture of Poems and £s- 
says." Having a friend, certainly not 
one of those " deaf and dumb au- 
thors," or " a wretched aulhtw, who 
has never been fortnnate enougb to 
hit the publick taste,'' or an usher of 
a school, or an attorney's clerk, which 
the Reviewers designate as the most 
likely persons lo obtain the patrotlage 
of the Society, but, on (he contrary, 
a man of acknowledged talent and re- 
condite learning, witn a laive fiiinily, 
I was in hopes, as his frieniis had pro- 
posed him, with the best recommen- 
dations, that be would havebeea elect- 
ed one of the associates. No proceed- 
ings of the Society have' beti^ how- 
ever, made pdbltc ~-'-— — -"■.-■ .l- 


r, hearu the cauie in J)ine U 
:ii a decree was rpade that ihe I 
tecs sbouU coni'^'t)! the Earl of 
ike^, and Oil 
[. Smith hiin 
im the um' oI 
he receipt of 

itaie«,rnr hit' 

iaritable puiposei 
proper, and afia 
vtn to u»e* tWe 
:h other as Hr. 
ranli execated a 
of thoM purpmea, 
HOC It^aciea, and 
irticolur object! of 

i37-a^ beii^ dien 
: City of LondDa. 
■ Iniitcct boE^bt 
his persosal pm- 

j^, 9uwh for his truileet refuiia^ 
h^!) s^tppn, or evea the use of tua 
om^heiMe hpi Silver-itreet. 

,§<),,n^uch iar hit waiuleriiig about 
tne. cuuntiy accom)ianied b; a (fog, 
a^d btggin^ foo4 for him. 

in 1035 tlie Trustees purchased a 
TaTiu ciillcd New-house, or White- 
hotfie rarm, coniaining 301 acres, 1 
rood, ig perches of land, and the 
tithes thereof, in Tolshunt Darcy, in 
Ui« -CouuLy of Essex, and in l64l 
appropriated the rents thereof to tlie 
use of the poor of the parishes of 
ScaiDtree, Henham, Terling, and 
Toj^hunt Darcy, in Essex, and of 
other parislies in Suffolk, Herts, 
Chester, and Sussex, tlie rent being 
then 140/. peram. Tliis rent was af- 
terwards much reduced, but in 1796 
had been raised 10 lauf. What has 
been »iuce done, I do not know j this 
esUle is rested in a |iarticular set of 
Tj;}49tea, distinct from the Trustees of 
the general estates, and up to 1796 
thcss gentlemen were very aitentive, 
atx) Diet annually at Wiiham on the 
i^ Monday in April to examitie the 

^DC factions to two other parishes 
in^liawz, tix. Ramsey and Dover 

*. iW Me, upright, ud honnt J^igtt 
wita 4vh1 to ol^Dt to thi ulntniTj pid*' 
lie inMiurn then sttcmpted. 

So much for Mr. Smiths eititeit* 
and chMttie* in Essex. W, Q,' ,' 

Mr. VtBAK 

in ISOSf 
work reapectin 
Greek article, 
and illuitratu) 
menf Such 

recollect die 1 
Sharp, and of t 

Of. Middlctoti 

happily succeeded in hia UteiDpt,,.n;'j 
inrnligate the true nature'of 4>e pfft^j 
positive article. His hvpaihesiit it,*tPM<i 
ply this, that " it is tne pron{WU).r«|»i:. 
tive i, so employed, that its rehtion 
is supposed to be more or less obtcurej. 
which relation, iherelbre, is explained 
in some adjunct annexed to the arlidcr 
by the participle of existence expressed- 
or understood." This will be mad* 
clearer by an exauiplej as for iustancca 
a Tasrn;, is the seme as » m r«n)f> ha 
who is a father. And where it will 
not admit of this solution, it caiuiot 
he used. 'O Is here the article, mrif 
the adjunct annexed, and wr the par' 
ticiple of existence. The principal 
rule laid down by Mr. Sharp, Hr. 
Wordsworth, and Bp. Middleton, re- 
specting the use of the Greek article 
in popular terms, is this, "that when 
two or more substantives, expressinjj^ 
the same person or thing, are connect- 
ed together by one or more copulative*, 
the artiele is inserted before the 6rA 
of them, and omitted before the othert.* ' 
For instance, Poff«io{ wis; kcu KXfB- 
h|m; tou rSnximt. Po^xio; who is tbC 
son and heir of the deceased. — Had the 
article been repeated before lAipoMfUic, 
it must have signified Aoicius the son 
and anot^ piTt»n hiU, Stc. This by- 
DOtliesia the learned writer-'fafly t>ta>- ' 

JkltLWelT, and the 
ire ^Ven-loaq^ 
and Walthati. 
ids the excursion, 
mutates where it 

old TotteDbam 
■as sud, ^o doubt 
i6n of the Xiwa, 

'bottle of sack, 
lugar, which, all 
a drink like uec- 
ily ia the morn* 
t tippler*. 

'l°of Li^ 
a nooning. 

memoiT ( 

ng iwenij miles 
, Tram the occa- 
an Otter hunt*, 
ng, is founded a 
h instructions for 


> art- 

T, an unlaboured 
iplete Angler maj 

English laogua^ 

ton, is ceitainly not of equal literary 

Serit. It is valuable for practical in- 
clination, and has found an eitlenaive 
cirqilation in being continually op- 
Knded to the more interesting pro- 
duction of his ' father,' or predecessor. 
To a work so replete with informa- 
tioh and enlenainment, the annota- 
(jonbt was not likely to supply more 
thap a few incidental explanations, 
and, perhaps, it "as not until the pre- 
i£iit period, when the press of learn- 
wg niay be said to have given the fine 
arts a new dawn of streaming and vi- 
gorous light, that it was to be ex- 
pected the pages of an old, .ind what 

it ii better to srpid Q&riag nsutfcl 
upon), andthedeiigna were latfa^ np- 
hliuhingly (though loincwhst imprar- 
ed) adopted by Sir J<^a Hawking 
without necetsi^r, in the liiMime of 
Brown. Neither of thete editon, es- 
cq>t in the first instance of tb« inter- 
locutors meeting a} Tottenham Grou, 
appear to have con«idcred it wu either 
appropriate, or detiiable, to incretae 
the interest of the work by localiQ if 
•ceneiy. But let us pass orcr tCe 
book-plates, tcKt-worthy m Mt, Wtl^ 
sh*ll be said to the Taunting aswrtioat 
fron time to time of the more hum* 
ble, tbongh moi« apposite and iie«d«d 
similitudes of the &sh caught bf d^ 
scribed, and usually s!*'? yiidt a» 
letter-press. Of this incidental and 
very material oraameat, is there ally 
edition that aifords such apiriCeti like^ 
nesin of subject, as that just publi^od 
tinder the superiniendaitcc of l6e 
praise-worthy l>ibliopoli9t, Mr. Ml" 
jor of Fleet-street? Evetr t«ivaMita^ 
tion of this description nai hlAalft 
&il«d of interest, howereracenrale tbe 
likeness of the fish, from being taste- 
lessly executed. It requires no extent 
of genius to make the subjects of na- 
tural history appear like the old for- 
mal cut yew trees, or figures selected 
hy ajuvenile fancy, elaborately shaped 
by scissars, and formally pasted down 
where wanted. Birds soanng in flight, 
without accompaniment of either laild> 
scape or sky, fish stuck like a patch, ot 
ink-blot opou the page, and sometimes 
represented as swimming' where no 
fisli ever swam, on the surface of the 
stream, can no lou'terbe countenanced, 
except in the wholesale representations 
of an Encyclopedia. Such absurdU 
ties have been too long tolerated, but 

*Ouer-huiiC.— Thl> divorsion u ftttaehed tn the RLver Lee, it pmbublj now eitipei. 
Ititia metnur^ ithea tha liuB ind crj nJaed na Uie tradng of & >ing9e Otter, brought to;- 
eelberafew iportiiuen, oue iir two beatiug a long neglected ipeti-iuSf, and ■ pack of St- 
ccointei anitnali ss Otur-hounds, fni a day's sport. After tracing lome li^f-devannil 
iib and other signs nf tlia mFLraudcr, for a cuosidenble dliCanoe, the whole andad in tha 
Asappolntment of a blsnk day. The same Bnimal, u was suppoted, wu afUtwardi kilM 
K'a hi^ ditch near Hoddesdon, hy H talf-lurcher dog that belonged Co one of she weir)- 
KdH^.' 'The contest wu said to have lasted abnie an hour, the Otler trying. by avety cxpe- 
JkMlriaroirlihliantfLgmiiit, whole nwner, thongh a looker oa, coujd render b'uK^tla a)f 
^ilsUb^/miD bein^ unprepared withireap«n9 foe auch a contest. Wljtn1qlledltw*)_aii- 
M fl is L ilai TgrioiM suu in the Deighbonrhobd, and tKe destruction of tho aBiuialp^Iuidsi)Kl 
of tuffinitnt inipoitsnee to eotUle the ouner oftho do^to • liCant ■UbscriftSaii.' , ~' 

■ fiMT. Maa. ftfai,, 18a3. wKich 

lit takes the name of the " Ap- 
oat! way," in tiie vicinity of which 
ke, known by tliename of Mare- 
, or the Sea of Death, with num- 
^^emaina of ancient architecture, 
e inhabitants in this part have 
lout that English visitors collect 
whenever any are offered for sale, 
: is no )c» curious ilian tru?, that 

leBTingFrancewitl) little inclibauon to 
mnr on a tecond Cruiade which would 
tertuinate gimilarly, mdependeut of in- 
cr^aed public debt, an useless spillinK 
f blootC and a deep wound inflicted 

n her general and commercial prcn- 
perilv. A deep-rooud hatred will na- 
tUTaJlj be generated between the two 

Kiiigdom*, and this cannot but ops- 
rate (avourabl; for Great Britain, in 
prerepting co-operation in naval wars 
that have occasioned heavy expeiidilure 

Reverting to theiid state oflrelaiMl, 
Mr. UrWn, wemuscdeem it fortunate, 
liiat the Union, which has been so 
hfgblT advantaseous to her, has ubvi- 
tied -Uiere. M least, all pretended ne- 
cessity for an idle and clamorous fiab* 
Lling on the threadbare subject of an 
. absurd Parliamentary Reform. Ireland 
has her hundred members in the House 
of Commons 1 while Scotland has only 
the very limited uumber of forly-five. 
In forming the Union, she was paid 
for her Boroughs, Her proportion of 
debt and taxation is extremely mode- 
ralej and moral education isonly want- 
ing on an extended scale, to render 
her happy, and t" compensate for the 
s ocsasioned by untoward cir- 


ttWffM wNtaiilJ uhm^t^v^i^^ 
cbin qCBoroiqha bBOHMUuvteri 
properw ; and thwaf^ iht Giiet mar 
be tMTl;.,«)dlwL Aft to wftw.Ata pM> 
chtue-moon [iU» dw inalic ^Mkl 
The CloM Boraugbt, at thna Hamogl 
ferreit deohfn, wonU, of oootvci. \m'-j 
thoM fairlr k1«^, M.far m nrnj w^" 
peampedieot. Pot^ •billii^ in feo>M 
mer timet were equiTalont to aarif i 
forty ptMinds of the camiK^af ihc»" 
time* } and thcrefbre. without dirabw 
ing the p^t privilege of the (OMV* " 
shUtlDES electors, all future frcebolu ' 
entitled to a vole ought to benUMditt ' 
some proporuon to tibe dimimtkMi.iB ^ 
the value of mooey. UoBWrOwncn^: 
who actually reside in nicb rated.M'' 
not less than fifly pouiuli, apfMu in < 
reason as fairiy entilied to a mw m»-: 
fortyahillingi l^KebddeT. ■ The wh"-' 
ject otltmptralt r^vrm J* diilj gain* ' 
ing m(»c strength i and it eautot W ' 
but right to throv out klaaa that aa^ 
be acted on with gcnerel satia&etioii, , 
and perfect safely in due <atao. "tniti ' 
it is said, leave all to the wiadomaf ' 
Parliament ; and so, generallj tpAb> ' 
ing, it ou^t to be : but, Mr, lUifau^ i 
members .of Parliuiient an botJivis ^ 

rf" great 


iltogeiiier useless when the hoot 



The question of Moderate Reform is 
now much animadverted to in the pub- 
lic prints of ojiixisite descriptions; and 
in a publication of so great extent ns 
yours, touching on it occlis ion ally, may 
do much Eood in checking the esfra- 
v>^ance ol wild and visionaiy theories, 
leadin^o the most dani{Croiis innova- 
tions. Tlie proposal of givingone hun- 
dred members to Counties, appears 
to be generally disapproved. On the 
cojilrary, the grnnting of members to 

Kpulous Cities is gencrulty assented to, 
cause that in cOect such wilt in a 
great measure represent the counties 
rooiaiiiing these cities. It cannot be 

Mr. UsBAN, May \6, 

YOUR Correspondent, "P.C'ifl 
March last, p. 337, in dissenting 
from the opinion of Nbfos on the do- 
rivation of the name of Isabella, aU 
lodes to a circumstance from which he 
supposes it was derived, and which 
may l>e worth rdatiug. The Infants 
Isabella, wifeofthe Archduke Albert, 
vowed, before the siege of Ostcnd in 
1601, never to change any of the gar- 
ments which she then wore until the 
place surrendered ; the besieged held 
out for three years and seventy-eight 
days, during which time she [eligious^f 
adiiered to her resolution. In this Inig 
period, her linen, particularly that nest 
to her body, of course became changed 
from whitu to yellow, and allhoudi 
the latter colour was before beU m 
great contempt, it was, from this cii^ 
cumstauce, lutmcdieieiy introduced^ 
and became ve^ fashionable tauler the ' 
name of " Istbella." This BBcedote 

jEi. V REVIEW ^.or^ 




•— ^• • 

J ^ 

-.■« ■»■' 




*^^ lite Cmmiy <f Middleiexy imti^ ^Rl^iBi^ 
I^Bii t i H gaml Aieardr, jtraimiitf jn.pMm 

^ftmiimffr &)ae^ (^ihe Mi0ej['^^jti^ 

i>hiwotO|wyiif iUpi#iKtt(W icHf ^ ^ — ^ 
SeiurM )iiid the f ndiortiin «Q0Kt toiih 

rite ctrikchakmsx ikma^ ymm^ 
tm to pet^ diftain^ m ve n to ri ei, 

takfitieszif dief 4at~ * — "'"' 

,• • •» •■ » 


J^SbL, Edmonton, onJ Stoke N^- sM^and 'PPfS?^! P5**^^ ^T^ 

to»o, m Middlesex. 2 wii. 8w). Ni- ritii conceive why Anttqiiahtt andjfoc . 

•^;S8lsii«!Son. pographcrs, whoonty do t^ WM ^' 

.iff • ^ things for a dinsrent ohjecL smmi! 

WE have seep more than one p|^h« require any vindication. If it • W jfr 

lication, in which an apol<^ all imporunt that records slionld bar 

lag m 1 

•f Literatare. From this aspersion, ^ ep£pl7tf oftenSoahij n^ K 

Dr. Robinson has ably vindicated it deld ora.wSl be m indispeoMlb tl 

M his preface. For our parts, we can cdKty, a^blisbed vHvole or abitn^t- 

sif, with veracity, that during our cri- of it often preserves th« proper^, i/t'. 

twftl laboars we never met with more '^reventl it from inisappUcation. In^ 

pMUiiff, common-place, and error, short, we omsider Topoghiplkicil 

than im tlie greater part of original worka^ alwdfs uaefill^ often or hiW 

la^ioitions. What are more than nfailoiophicBl itnpfxrtance; and to be W 

two-thirds of the poetry published but far from degrading their imthors in an 

absolute nonsense in meti^p, a mere ex- 
pression of things in figurative language, 
whic^i are not worth saying at all ? what 
are more than half the sermons, and 
half the essays daily almost issued from 
the press, but words without ideas; 

intellectual view, that they frequently 
are the works of men engaged in learn- 
ed professipns, of whose talents and 
knowledge the world never entertain- 
ed the shadow of a doubt. The- real 

..^ ,,.^«-, — ^ , and solid objection to Archaei]|pgical 

sentences formed of mere truisms and. and Topographical works of the first 
obvious things ? As to politics, they character is their very heavy expence ; 
are in the mam made up of inflamma- but we are glad to find that even this 
lory harangues, with perfect ignorance sometimes unavoidable evil may be 
of circumstances, and real injury to got rid of, as in the elaborate work 
the publick, because misleading it. On before us, which comprises in two 
ihe contrary, it would be difficult to volumes, 8vo, handsomely embellish- 
write a topo^phical work of any ed, the contents of an expensive foKo. 
kind, without its having a useful bear* A parish so near London as Enfield, 
iog «omewhere, independently of a must contain a large portion of mate- 
larM portion of curious history, which rials, because where there is conti- 
it frequently involves. Why a man guity to the Metropolis, the habita- 
shonld be considered of inferior intel- tions of men eminent in the national 
lects, because he takes an interest in annals are most likely to be found, and 
investigating the changes of property, more ample portions of curious history 
times, and persons, we are utterly at a^be attached to such places. Indeed it 
loss to conceive. Such things form is singularly odd, tnat some of the 
of the history of man in most interesting spots near London, in 

integral parts 

various stages -of society j the progress 
of law and civilization ; the improve- 
ments effected by genius and reason ; 
and many other things connected with 
Gevt, Mag, May, 1893. 

6 . 

regard to scenery, convenience,- and 
every thing desirable in a rond .view, 
should now be utterly deserte^ some- 
times absolutely unknown. For in- 



RsfHNp.^^C^. tmitlilMfWrifaimi^ 


rely Qnlinowiii "bat since the 
fttioii of Captain Parry's Voyage, 
le present hishly interesting Nar- 
. oar geograpnical knowledge ^^ 
nrmiderfally extended. ^ 

hough Captain Franklin's Land 
ition has not afforded all the in- 

hit p)uf*hf ewRnoncttl _^ 

board tfiePrihceof Wile% bUobg||^|^ 
to die Hudson's Bay Company, ba^di* 

23d May, I819, and amTed at Yi 
Factoiy, Hudson's Bay, on theSOdiof 
Augusc. Preparations wefe iltiol^ 
dion that could be desired, many diately made for the* jonmey. ' TI16 
tint results have been obtained. TOirty proceeded across the coantl^ Iq 
oain object was to determine the FortCnipewyan, where they ^^^ertjdlh- 
* ' "'^ '^ ed by Dr. Richardson and Mf. HflfdJt 

le? and longitudes of the northern 
of North America, and to tread 
oast from the mouth of the Cop- 
ine River, to the eastern extre- 
>f that continent. The hardships 
enced by our countrymen in this 
ition, are heart-rending in the 
1 1 but they appear to have pro- 
no other effect than that of arm- 
hem with patience and perse- 

: Narrative comprises all the par- 
rs of the " Journey to the Shores 

On the 18th of Jnly, 1820, theyem^ 
barked in three canoes; coasted dj^ 
Lake, entered the Stony river (one* of 
the discharges of the Athabasca USti 
into the Slave Btver), and dashine 
down the same noble streams whicS 
Mackenzie navigated, soon reacfajc4 
the establishments on the great Slive 
Lake. Here, procaringCopperlDdiiikfe '% 
for guides, and consulting with dtool^ 
Captain F. determined to •bandoii.kil 
original intention -of descending Bfii6» 


timber of the neighbourhood, even in its greatest prosperity, wsi «o erookad 
th, that it could have been of little use for any other purpose than fira-wood. 
y in the morning of the 1 5th of July, Mr. Heame hegao^ his survey. Tttts 1^ jCtqij- 
ftbout ten miles down the river, till, heavy raio coming on, he waa comiMlled(iBfj| 
io cease. The whole course of the stream he found to Sb as full of shoak as' dw Mit 
B had seen the day before ; in many places its width greatly <fimlnUlMd; aad^ ^ml 
ss, he passed two lofty cataracta. 

Copper-mine River was at this time frequented by eoosiderahleniimbefs of Eaqpiiowl^ 
s, who came thither to hunt and fish ; and, notwithstanding the general good iAtm% 
and conduct of the American Indians, who had accompanied Mr. Hearne, they 
ly attacked such of the Esquimaux as they could find ; and destroyed every ii^vidual 
n. Mr. Hearne earnestly endeavoured to divert them from this intention, but in vain* 
en Mr. Hearne arrived at the sea, the tide was out. He was certain that It was tho 
some branch of it, by the whalebone and the seal-skins which had been found in the 
of the Esquimaux, as well as by a great number of seals which he saw on toe icsi. 
mouth of the river the sea was full of islands and shoals as far as he could discern 
'ith the assistance of a telescope. He had completed his survey about one o'dodc in 
irning of the 18th of July, at which time the sun was a considerable height abova 
irizon ; so that he had not only day-light, but even sim-shine during the whole night. 
*r some consultation with the Indians, Mr. Heame erected a mark, and took posses- 
f the coast, in the name of the Hudson's Bay Company ; and then set out on his 
to Prince of Wales's Fort. About thirty miles from the mouth of the river he went 
t one of the placas called by the Indians a copper-mine, and represented by them to 
een so rich in metal, that if a £sictory were bmlt at the river, a ship might be ballast- 
h copper ore instead of stone. By their accounts the hills were entirely composed 
t metal, in lumps, and like immense heaps of pebbles. But these accounts were so 
at variance from the truth, that, afber a search of x\^ly four hours, Mr. Heama 
find only one piece of this metal of any size worth notice. 

i Indians, being extremely anxious to rejoin their wives and fiimilies, hastened back 
;uch rapidity towards the place where these had been ]eft> that, in one day, they 
I forty-two miles ; and before they reached the place, the feet and legs of Mr. 
e had swelled considerably, and his ancles had become quite stiff. The nails (^ hia 
ore bruised to such a degree, that several of them festered and dropped off. To add 
I misery, the skin was entirely chafed from the tops of bo^h his feet, and from be- 
every toe ; so that the sand and gravel irritated them in such a manner, that, for a 
day before the party arrived at the women's tents, he left the print of his f^et in 
at almost every step he took. Had the Indians continued to travel at the same tM& 
9 or three days longer, Mr. Hearne must unavoidaUy have been left behind. Imsse*- 
' on his arrival at the tents lie washed and cleansed his feet in warei watsv; and uller 
Xher simple applications, and a little rest, they were healed. > . <ir . .c. 


■MM^ Kttew'Mvn, Mien they JMd 

■rfi*ii ibt bad Vm> dtnnind br tb*- 
> 1^ •priB^ - ^W )»d juderad'tba 

fiUl* bj buTBing, lad Mun tWr 
1 jw the ikin I ••») levenl of them bid 
diril old ahoai to the ncput. Peltier 
'ahnt ware witb them, having left 
oU, irfiich, they Hid, ««• w Ooin* 
|Lkn>bei bjinotber Ml, h to be reo- 
rab^^^ of repeir, bikI entirrij ii»t- 
^Rm uiguish ihie intelligence aea»> 

iaej be couceivod, but it it beyood m 
int to deKTihe it. iDtprewed, ho»- 

wi* the «™.iw of tJtlng itfor. (he^i^Taw Am detaiE.. 
erefa IS the tteto tneie men repreeent- _m_ ■ 

to be, w^ urgently deeired them to Sif^. 11. — " Oo ■rHttnj' Idl thi'id 

It) bnt the J declined goiag, >cd the. *e wera much ilnnBd' to fi0-ttWHiwH- 

Ih of the oScen hbs 1nulec|uUe to >™ abMnt. We ftand thd !• MB Tfm 

It. To their ia&tuated obstiiuicy on hta wayhi combig to tu In dS* dd^bUK* 

muoD, ■ gmt portion of ihe melu- although it m ni^ttiftD i! o a«eWif M^ 

drcuflittenccs which ittended OH tbA'toaliim hxppmti, tm Wt.'tiaU""" 

uant progress mty, perhepa, be •(- ■■ je<teiiWr were "reiy wit'' 

■d.. 'numeDnowieeiDedCohevelcHt weut b«^ fin' the tent, wd: 

jaAif being preserved s end ell the »r- tttm dMlc, eomplelelT WortI' 

Its oe cauTd u>e filled in BtimulAting futgde dF dw dt j. Htebd _ 

ra tkw leut exertion. After cooinm- (he nm« time, lod reTiBltd iW wJ i fa W 

I r«n«UDs of Ilie boaea ud home «f hiiiceooat. He repanva that Iw Ud'VHB 

W, tie resumed our much." >« "hue (rf icnm deer wtiuA fuaHSatt^at 

last -.i^aknessforceil the party to he did not come up •!&&&; *rf SlW 

iK; Mr. Hood, Dr. Richardson, fbnnd « -wolf which IihI bwii Ulled'WiiU' 

lepbiiin, remained; while Cap- atrolie of » deer'e bom, nd.hadbnri«Vlif 

.^rankliii pushed on fur Fort En- port of it. We ioplidd)> b^Unwl-dablUMV 

te to procure assistance, but Fort then; bnt:iAennidibeanieeoinIacadfidi&' 

prise had been left desolate. Two, ciiciinutiLOccs, the detail of which Itaijhk 

int and Creiiit, dropped behind spsred, that it muel have been aporUonlif 

• snow anil the state of the rest ''" '■"')' of Belanger or Pemult. A quei-' 

K galhWed from the following : '■'?" ?' ™o'°™' ''«'« P"f »«« it«If i "rael.T, 

° ° whether be acCiiall; murdered theie men, or 

carceljwcrethescirrangementsfiHish- either of (hem, or whether ha foond the 

fore Perrault and Fontuio were seized hodiea on the snow. Captain FnukCo, 

. lit of itiiziness, and betrayed other who is tfae IwBt able to judge of tbia nutter, c 

unj of extreme debility. Snmo tea from knowing their situation when he patted 

uickly prepared for them, aud after from them, suggested the fbnner idea, and 

ig it, and eating a few morsels of that both Belanger and Perrault Iwd beim 

leather, they recovered, and expressed sacrificed. When Perrault toiaed badct 

leiire to go forwaril; but the other Captaiu Franklin watched him un^ ha 

alarmed at wliat they h[>d just wit- reached asmallgionp of witlowi, whioh ma 

^ - - ' ^ ''' ' of their own immediatelT adjoinipg to tlie fire, and cot^ 
■ -*--'■- ^--'-- 'jd'it from view, and at this time ttw 

ivmg way to 

smolie of fresh fuel was diatinctlv lieihUa 

- • - ■ i.Misa 

. those of our fricndi at the tent."... to screen himself frotn detection.". 

earqettly pressed upon them the ne- Captain Frankim conjectnrei. that Michel 
of continuing our journey, as tha having already destroyed Bolannr', cbnt; 
1 __..■__ .I..- 1- pleted his crime by Perrault'a death,' in orf^ 

1 Itatiab, " Sunifcy, Ocl. SO. — In die m 

had served many years in De Meu- ^un uived Michel to go a huhtmg that IW 

^giment. He had ipokeit to me that might if possible leare us aoma protiiidd;^ 

orniog, and after hii first attacic of to-morrow liemg tha day ^ipoltited fcf mf 

IS, about his father; and had begged, quitting ui; but ha shewed great imwiDib^ 

luiuld he survive, I wouM takenim ness to go out, and lingered about tha fi£^ 

a'a to England, and put him in tha under the pralence ctf cleanipg hb^gn). 

leaching home. Af^r we had read tha moming tanfca: t^ 

be pnrty was now reduced to five per- went about Dooa to gather some fiipe di_ 

Idain, Peltier, Benult, Samandif, aud roche, Isavuig Mr. Ho^ aitbng befiue tha 
tent at the fire-side, argiimg.with M<qMl 
t length ne reached Fort Enterprise, 

RiTf BV.««-fteidi'« Trmek m tn^fi 

V'.;:K.. ja-.^li 

m^ ¥firf SkUeh» (f the Momit 

nth Reflectiora on the beit Metms tf 
wn^ its Condition. By Thos. Reid» 
lerqfthe Royal Collect of Surgeons, 
p. 375. Bvo, 

iree acres per head be estimated 
average annual consumption of 
arson, then a square mile, or 640 
itvided b^ three, leaves 213- per- 
d a fraction, as the proper num- 
every such portion of soil. But 
md, according to the table in 
hor (p. 333), tne number is 277 
y square mile, and this in a 
' where mantlfactures are only 
where few great landholders 
where there are no poor-rates, 
the population, overpowering 
ans of subsistence, enormously 
le rent of land, where the pro- 
exported (to raise rent for land- 
'ho reside in England, whence 
lOey comes, and whither it re- 
and where the laboorer who 
y time and work to ofFerj^can- 
d employ on demand. To a 
ble man, therefore, unbiassed 
f, the question is not whether 
is a distressed country, but 
e population can possibly sub- 
all, under such awful circum- 
; and we are sure, that so far 
ly blame attaching to Govern- 
nuch praise is due to them, -for 
preserved iheir estates and lives 
Gentry, which, under the cir- 
iices stated, could not have 
fected, but by great vigilance 
sdom (we use tne word y<?ar- 
on the part of our modern 
en. It is certainly indispens- 
it Rebellion should be checked, 
en hunger is the stimulant, and 
ment cannot invade private pro- 
dl they can legislatively do is 
)duce jPoor's Rates, a measure 
in this country, has done much 
I prevention of oppression and 
;tion ; and we make not the 
: doubt, but, under such a heavy 
I, the Gentry would have invent- 
ns of finding the poor employ, 
not say that the institution of 
[lates in the present form is un- 
>nable, or that any Ministry 
ittempt such an introduction 
.'land, without incurring; ruin- 
jquy and unpopularity ; out we 
y think that they and the fra- 
Mag. May, 1823. 


(erttU^ ptfliAl ^^IBMpI' MNTlt 
right to aA of PuBmc^ te lN(toi 
sttMiteiioii i^femfkfjf'mi Wi^ tifN 
OQ deoMod, to be pnd out off aC^ofN 
ty Rate. Such, we Mievt^ wu ftbe 
usual plan of Buonaparte. INe g so oe 
distressed were emplojred upon tkf 
fortificadont or other p«hIio worlw| 
and the ezpence levied upoa the diiA 
trict once a year. We make no ap»« 
logy for quoting Buonaparte, bccayie^ 
in defence, we say, that we are not tn* 
clined to be his advocates in genelfi|F)f 
but this we know, that the iuid h'hjf 
Providence saddled with the )»opiili^ 
tion ; that it is the condition by Wnieh 
its being private property can aldoo 
exist; and that England, oj meant ol 
its Poor's Rates, putt an end to op« 

fression on this head; wheiea% m 
reland, instead of this ohedL npoii 
neglect of the poor, Govennaenl <ii 
forced to tell them ib olahi FȤitih| 
** Labour yon cannot nave, hMama 
your landlords wil^ not grre it ywif 
bat we, the adminiatnitort of Gofcm 
ment, dare not irritate them, and ym 
must do the best you can. lliej com)* 
pel ns to keep you down; and yoa 
must live, and give them any price lor 
potatoe groano, sooner than-ttarve** 
The question of Irdaiid. dien is timA 
this ; an unemployed population pretl* 
ing upon subsistence; and a situation 
in wnich Government cannot inter* 
fere, without meddling with private 
i)roperty. Since the Union, we appre- 
nend, no restriction can be placea in 
regard to the manufactures of Ireland; 
nor do we think that any Government 
acting upon the correct principle o£ 
governmental institution, viz. public 
protection, has a right to impose re- 
straints upon an incorix>rated nation^ 
except so far as such a nation ddeA 
not contribute to support the expence 
of that protection ; and to that amount 
it has a right to be taxed, leaving all 
profits to commerce. But the compe* 
tition of population will reduce that to 
nothing, unless there be foreign trade 
and exportation. Ireland has no mo- 
nied interest, no manufactures except 
linen, and it shoulders England, on- 
less there be war and extraordinary da^ 
mand, in its agricsdtural interests. It 
fixes the population on the land in 
the form of a rabbit warrett ; it shows 
what Mr. Owen's system t^e speak 
without disrespect), and ^H similaf 
systems, must inevitably end in; hot 



STpitaent woik. tUl part of the,r yi»biqJ»««yN Hi>dj^ 

"^ ^ Mending with religiow dlioipnM : iMlw i 

W tion bom ia •olid ud refined literaturev ■•- 

90. The Blessings resulting to this Country ^ell as in the abstract s c iences, our £mumI«>i 
.ypom Maritime Pursuits; a Sermon ers have secured a perpetual union betvuce^ 
peached on Trinity Monday 9 June S, worldly accomplishmeuts and sacred Iommt- 
1882, before the Corporation of the Tri- ledge; and have determined that the stodiei 
•> nity House, By the very Rev. James which strengthen the mental fiumldetp as 
Henry Monk, D. D. Dean of Peterbo- ^ell as those which enlarge and cultivaii^ 
Tongh, aiui Regius Professor of Greek in ^y^Q intellect, should here be turned to theV 
. ^ike University o/* Cambridge. 4 to. pp- 19. proper purpose, and become subservient to 
^. The Duty of Attention to the Oljects of the knowMge of true R«lig]«». It would 
'jicademical Institutions; a SermJpreach- jot be difficult to enumerate the various 
ed before the Univer^y 0/ Cambridge* benefits which have for ages accrued to this 
■ J«ne36,1822. Bythesame. 4to. pp. 17. country from such ms itutions ; no one can 
•#»«co , i, rr meditote upon our national htftonr. Without 

THE caution and temper of a Dig- observing now much of the pnlmc feeltvg* 
niiary lead us to expect in the writings public principle, and all other points, which 
of such persons sound positions exhi- mark the character of a people, may bo 
bited in a grave and solemn form. As traced to these venerable EstMjUshments." 
guardians of the public morals, and in P. 8. ^ 

elevated situations, we expect from ♦ 

diem didactic impressions; and as 92. Another QeAn, A Poem* 8t». ^16. 
sdboiars of the first class, high reason Hatchard. 

and instruction. In none ofihese va- THE poem before us has been for 
hiable oualitles have we found the six montns in a progressive state, from 
learned Professor before us deficient. which circumstance, in spite of a de- 
Tlis first Sermon, very limited of ficiency of ideas, correctness of styk» 
clqurse, from the indispensable pro- grammar, punctuation, and rhyme, 
prieties of pulpit elotjuence, justlj might reasonably be expected. We 
tufns upon our obligations to Provi- regret to say, that little attention bas 
d^nce, as the real source of all bless- been paid to these necessary proprie- 
iwgs.— The second Discourse we hail ties. 

vvith warmth, because such has been Admitting the dangerous tendency 
the effect of Fanaticism, in confining of Lord Byron's works, which we 
the clerical character to mere cant and never were the last to expose, it is a 
haranguinc; (however useless and bi- matter not of surprise, but of sorrow, 
gotted, and ignorant may be the man, that so injudicious an outcry should 
sometimes an absolute rogue), that the have been raised against them. An 
jnst and necessary consideration of a enlightened reader must view the writ- 
Clergyman being a scholar, a philan- in^s of the Satanists with disgust, but 
thropist, and a gentleman, is utterly will revolt with equal distaste from the 
disregarded. This ensues merely be- exaggerationsof their opponents. Dur- 
cause toleration has enabled vulgar and ing the controversy in the reign of 
unwise opinions, by the physical exer- James II. the people were warned to 

i^h lile oeiovv stairs same with the batanists; tney are pro- 

into a system which has for its basis vided with poisoned Vt'eapons at every 

the sublimity of reason, viz. Chris- point; satire and infidelity are alike 

tianity; a system like that of a high their element; witness Lord Byron's 

court of justice, and in reality pro- caustic and triumphant epistle to his 

faned by being made a subject of auc- "dear Roberts,*Mn the Liberal. To 

tions and pedkiry. What sound pa- engage in a boxing match with a 

triot would not rather prefer seeing his sweep, or throw mud with a scaven* 

son an enlightened, amiable, and ac- ger, can only end in pollution and de*' 

complished philanthropist, than a feat. 

itierc hawker of extemporaneous par- It is obvious that all who can un- 

rotry, a ret-xiler of words and passion? derstand the first-rate Satanists, carry 

Our ancestors thought in this wise the antidote in their own minds. 

Way, as the learned Dean thus shows. Others may read, but can derive no 

'* By orJaiulng a provision for tliQ edu- instruction froni what they do not 

• comprehend J 

i dtssuad 

ew religii 

a for myaei 
Dded koeti 
nlj God in 
Scdlbc us 

„ , lie.- 3' Icasl, referred to evetiia not far dis- 

gmall yolun.e, entitled " Serious ta„t_ ]( jj pmper to ob»crvc this, be- 
ngs,' by ilie same aiiihor, has cause infiD.le nonsenie has ensued, 
leen publ.shed, and as favourable through not noliciBg this premonition, 
; encoaragemeiil of devout mcdi- ,„(.[, g, g„,ting that the three fir.t an- 
,, It T9 desening of praise. We g^ls were Queen Elizabeth. Cbenrni- 
it, however, a[i|)rove oi that . —- . — _ . . . 

1 of com position between prose 
joetry, in which the author has 
ht proper to commnuicale bis 
tions.' The rejection of rhyme 
le gralefnl tu bis indolence, but 
: reader the Poems will have lost 

of their attraction, by the un- 

gurb in which the sentiments 
lolhed. We by no means con- 
hat rhyme is a necessary adjunct 
3d poetry, bni we think the style 
I aims at the prosaic, can never 
ipular. We should be sorry to 

ite what Horace has so well join- , , , „ . „ , 

■the ' deleetando pri torque mo- "}" '^ ^ ""■ "' *" ^"^J'^ 

■ I ' .m ' -. to dctul want uwcdotu nanmoOaai 

eeret that a writer ** ''*'"' °"^ •necdotm mpMtiDg St. 

- , 1.1°. i_ tj I Jobn, hia male of iDitracCion, laUto. aai 

. Jones's talents should endan- „„„^ „( ^^^. l„ ,^ ^^ ^j„ • ^ 

» usefulness by an experiment ^i, sth book, he .pe.L. of th. bev.1^ 

e one before us. ^, gi,j„ ^ 51,^ Apo.iU, without any 6wtB- 

T. Ma«. M,w, 1S13. tlon. 

|.] ^KrlKW■.'*^01^■Hm^^ibttf^'Pv^lgghotlef■tlle■^Jilfa. 


A'J^isieriation on the Pasnage rf Hftn- 
lal over the Alps, By a Member of the 
AfertUy <f Oxford. 8vo. pp. 844. 
rker, Oxford. 

HE passage of Hannibal has been 
iently discussed by foreign com- 
lators, as well soldiers as philoso- 
I, who have varied as they follow- 
xc Grecian or Roman historian. 
nos has confessedly omitted the 
*8 of places, and Livy has confused 
: he observes, indeed, that more 
one route had been laid down by 
rians, and endeavours to show 
statements inconu;ruous, while 
wrn can hardly be reconciled with 
Hooke, who delights to exa- 
contested points, though he does 
Iways clear them, has ^jven a cu- 
sammary of the different opi- 
extant in his time*. Chevalier 
dy who had served in Piedmont, 
ming on his local knowledee, rc- 
ill antecedent criticism, and leads 
ibal by the shortest and safest 
from the country of Brancus to 
I ; leaving Grenoble on the left, 
asses the Drac, and proceeds 
$h Bourg d'Oisons, Brian^on, 
ont Sestieres, and Pi^uerol, **at 
11 distance from which last he 
iped in the plains." 
3 Jesuits Catron and Rouilld (in 
voluminous Roman History) sup- 
Hannibal to have crossed the 
5 at its conflux with the Saonc, 
arning Eastward, to have march- 
ng the Rhone on its North side, 
rossiug it again, marched to the 
ice, and by the Great St. Bcr- 
one of the Pennine Alps. Mr. 
iker also supi>oscs Hannibal to 
one by the Great St. Bernard. 
leral Melville, who had travelled 
h that country, and examined 
vely the scene of the war, con- 
that Hannibal passed by the 
Grata, or Little St. Bernard, a 
i ** the most probable in itself, 
freeing beyond all comparison 
closely than any other with the 
ition given by rolybius+.*' This 
ad fallen into disuse, in conse- 
: «f the establishment of that by 
Helles, constructed in 167O, and 

oun Hist. b. iv. c. 1 7. 
dhui Atitipater, contemporary with 
>cchi, first represented Hannibal as 
xJesn this direction, but his opinion 
a long time super&edcd by modern 

of that by this Mbnt Cehls, tfife" , 
passage into Italy on that 'side. ' He 
did not publish any account of hisoV: 
servations, but they were given to the 
world by M. de Luc of Geneva, in his 
Hisioire du Passage des Alpes par An* 
nihal. The new system was attacked 
by M. le Comte Fortia d'Urban, who 
was refuted by M. Letrouve, in the 
Journal des S9avan8 for January 18I9, 
and who is disposed of in his turn by 
the Oxonian Commentator. 

<* It may be proper here (says our author) 
to state briefly the precise road which. I 
conceive Hannibal to nave taken, and whioh 
we shall develope more at length hereafter. 
After crossing the Pyrenees at fiellegardej 
he went to IMismes, through Perpignan, 
Narbonne, Beziers, and Montpelfier, as 
nearly as possible in the exact track of the 
great Roman road. From NIsmes he march- 
ed to the Rhone, which he crossed at Ro- 
quemaure, and then went up the river to. 
Vieune, or possibly a little higher. From 
thence, marching across the flat country of 
Dauphiny, in order to avoid the angle which 
the river makes at Lyons, he rejoined it at 
St. Genis d'Aouste. He then crossed the 
Mont du Chat to Chambery, joined tha 
Isere at Montmeillan, ascended it as Aur aa 
Scez, crossed the Little St. Ikrnard, and 
descended upon Aoste and Ivrea, by tho 
banks of the Doria Baltea. After haltmg 
fur some time at Ivrea, he marched upon 
Turin, which he took, and then prepared 
himself for ulterior operations against the 
Romans.** Preface, p. xviii. xix. 

Rollin is the chief supporter of the 
vincMr (Livy, b. xxi. c. 3?) which 
Swift has ridiculed. Hooke observes, 
from Polybius (b. 3, c. .55), "there 
was not a tree in the place where he 
then was, or near it," and our author 
fairly closes the controversy : it is quite 
impossible (he says) that the Cartha- 
ginian army should have had any sup- 
ply of that acid, or if they had, that it 
could produce any effect on primitive 
rock. M. de Luc notices another er- 
ror into which Livy has fallen (c. 36), 
I* when he represents the road as hav- 
ing fallen away, and formed a preci- 
j)ice of 1000 Icet high j whereas, in 
Polybius, this slip of the road is clearly 
stated to have taken place, not in re- 
spect to height, but length.*' P. I07, 8. 

VVe have thus given a brief state- 
ment of the controversy, and our au- 
thor's summary of his theory, in which 
he generally follows de Luc> bi|t occa- 
sionally differs from him. His jour- 
ney was performed in the autumn of 
ISlQj hccjrritd Polybiub with hini, 


of tlia eaemles of Rfvealed Religion, can 

main a mute spectator of the injuries with 

.4wW be legitimately aud efFeotuallj accom- 

which It is uwiled, and which it la not in 

phhed by txQ modes, tha chief and ma<t 

his power to lerre more effectually thu by 
inroking the aid of Dr. Walls, who, though 

efficacioiu of »)uch Is Co Jit.'r tliem dawn; 

sod tlie odier acting as iu tngst puweifkU 
•miliary, ia to write them down. Tbe per- 

dead, yet thus still spesks, and Itill pro- 
motes the Mcted ciuse of hi. belored Ho- 

(oa who uoiCed botli theae requisites In as 

ler. W.T.B^^dOm,." 

Wall a degree as it has been the happiness 

ofaoy buraui being to evince, was Dt. lio»o 
Watts, whose piofoimd koo»ledge of hu- 

lOS. Opimimt 0. to (*e r<al SlaU iflU Ha- 
turn, Kc. 

■ub*enieti[ to the cause uf cheerful Piety, 

(V--'-'-' " "-■■ ' 

and latioaal Religion." 

WE en 

The Editor then quotes some appo- 

site passage from Dr. Johnson, in re- 

ftreiice to the apostolic piety atid high 

The nei 

intelleclual atlamnients of Dr. Walls. 

abandon IH' 

" It would not be easy to adduce a eha- 

toto. Thi 

i»cter uf more consistent piety than that of 

" Would 

1)1. Walts, in any age or country. France 

which is ma 

has jproduced two great names in Fenelon 
knd Pascal, but there were shades of incon- 

W»tenoy in both ; the former wandered into 


the regions of seraphic love, and suffered 

la the fint 

himself to become the dupe of Madame 

Guyon'i Visions, and to be censured tbr so 

doing by tliat proud priest BossueCi whilst 

:powen of Bliim i'ascal failed (u protect 

Our author next proceedi to local 

h 1 

fli y f h- 

h II 

<! b 

b 1 h 

1 I dl Id 

Id b 

b d 1 

h 1 f 

1 f 1 

(1 h 

11 ! 

t pi 

1 p r 

W h d 

jl h 1 

I G b 

cruellj to uliuala. Tbo negriK* of Africa 
are represented ill the Hauie of CommoiU 
y B Memlier from > rolteu borough. In 
uth, and in fact, the more "Rebrin" ii 
gitnled, the more It will U found that the 
Hiuae of Commons represent! tliat which 
of ai extensive importance ai populalion." 

h H 





) f 1 

yH f 

m k 





h 1 
b h 

i' , 

11 h 

S h 


the mode u 

if relur 

ning tlw Memk« 


e of th« Public ExuniDiitioa t1.i> 
are Rilin1u«l b; Uie Public Exm- 
Mo the first Ciaw of tilfr« Uu- 

toberl Bryim, Christ anireh. 
. Dooiiia, Billiol Collci^. 
BicWd, Oriel Coll«se- 

Heery W. B. Trimly College. 
Willi*™, W^lham CoJleee. 
ViHiMi Openwr, Balliol ColUst. 
jfooa, Chriit Church. 

HonorMiu Leigh, Christ Church, 
•hole number of Degree, in Ewter 
u D.D. oat i D. Med. three ; B.D. 
B,C.L. ooej M.A. furtj-twoi B. 
■e.1 B.A. lerenty-nine ; MsWicul*- 
^t J- four. 
.M™. Mhv, lasa. 


LUarary Iitlfijtif^f^r^^l0£t^k;^Librarjf,iK. 


-Wis. i-'.-.^BqM^rACAWifltftj. j ,,„,„„ 
The fifbyM&b Eilli1)>(H>a,er,t)M. RojFd 
Jamicna opeaad dn Moit4^ .^..^ of 
ilMft Tin vauoBl Bunbei of uanmung 
ftaiaitAgtaKAj ittneu frqn iu JDWrati 
M>d it ii, w« thiak, on the whale, 
Mhln luwiiiliiift onei ; bat ilie ■ishltBC- 
tmi iBprnttaamt oootaiiu lubjecli of clw- 
M«l nwric; ud In tbs Mudel Aiitdamj 
■k*n ue aoDHi beintiful piecu of leutptBi*. 

~ The Idbiu; of thii Literary Eitihllih- 
nent had been rtcenCly nlued U kbont 
IfiOOt. vid in offer »u made fnr tbe pur- 
chua of it, for the me of the Nolwieh U- ' 
tanuySoeiety, at 1400/. The ule, by Mr. 
Biii«iil-r-| ia juit concluded; under iihoie 

ntbdnced opwardi of 277S'.> Being neulj 1 
AfaM* the amount which it nai rapected to 1 

'(pqrt (anguins eipectatiouaof Mci, Garrick'i 
•ucQton. Hie ColtectioD mi partico- 
HAj rich In nni TiacU, Muquei, OM 
Rwtiy, and Ballade, obialcte Dramai, and 
a* beat worki of the age of their diitin- 
nUhed poeaeiior, u veil ai in fine booki of 
TtioCe; for all which, liberal prirei were 
given by the oublemen and (^eotlemen into 
- whose eplendld libraries they have now 
pasted- Some booic«elleTS of ta&te, epirit, 

Pa;fne, Thorpe, Triphook, Sie. have also 
added coaaiJeratily by this important i^ to 

It was to be '*P"'*^ tbM tbe mo^ 
rue editioni of Slukspein woold b* 
found in the aoltection of to efnioant.-* 
votary to the inunortal bard. A copy, j>( 
the edi^ prineepi, folio, 1603, would tMra 
produced ainoch larger price,' but for ada- 
ficienn' of two of the preliminaiT leave* 'Iff 
the editor. It lold, however, taiB4L»i.m. 
A tall copy of the eecood edition, fcliS, 
1SS9, on^ S gniiieai. A copy tt urn n- 
ceuively •caroe edition, printed in 4'ni)(. 
— ^^ pij finopf""' "■" ' '"' 

^WeTlSl notic 


.Otlwn, ByreUeos.'. Defwt of the Rebeli of 
Tyrone and O'Donell (ia verse) I60S, pro- 
duced Si. 5i. Another, coutaiTiing some 
Tfje Masquo of the reign of James the 
fi^t, tSjpiineae. Baron's Foitime't Tennis 
Bail, aoil others, 13^. Si. 6d. Breton's 
. Ofde Men's Lesson and Young JMan'i Love, 
'l«05, and some rue Tracts Tiy Dekkar uid 
J)ayo, of the period of Charles the First, in 
'mm small quarto, 40 gntneaa. Drayton's 
^FieaDTriumpliall of the Swiecy of Gold- 
.■Diichs, 16041 London Triumphing, by 
UekltLT, 16IS ; and other curious pieces, in 
one volume, 40 guineas. DrayCoo's Poly- 

tion, with autogniphs of Killigrew (to 
im the volume had once belonged) and 
Gpnick (to H'hom it had been presented by 
"tbe Duke of Devonshire in 1760), lOl. 
pt^ii^'i Playes roufuted, black tetter, 
'1i7S, 9guineas. A eurioui and Tare col- 

fine paper, prodnMd 

the large turn of aSi.4i. Waibaftu'i «di- 
tion, a proaeBlatitin copy hj the eiStai to 
Garriok, 41. ]4i. fid. ; and the oCber, adl- 
tioni. produced propprtionately goodpnooai 
A fine copy of Montfcucon, ioL 8i-\'Pf 
the books orPriols', afine copy of Hogarth's 
Works, 96 giiineu. Catesby's Carolina, IU 
guineas. Cabinet de Cro^l, aai. li. Col- 
lectiun of VandycV's Works, 9 guiueai i 
and those of Rubens, SSI. 16>. 

The 7j?at and discriniinatioD evinced by 
Mr. Saunders in the conduct of this inte- 
resting sate, cannot tail to iuciease consider- 
ably tiis profeaeionst reputation. 

May 14. The thirty-fourth anniversary 
of this benevolent and most tueful InsiitB- 
tion was celebrated this day by a dinner at 
Freemasons' Tavern, at which the Dukexif 
Somerset presided, supported by tiie D^ba 
of Sussex, Sir J. M»leol,n, Sir H. Davy, 
Sir T. Uwience, Sir J. Swinburne, and • 
numerous assemblage of men of letters end 
persons of distinction. Wo are liap[jy lo 
find, by the annual report nf the sUte of 
the ohorlty, which was read io the coarso-of 
the evening, tliat it is going on proepe- 
rously, and above all, that It is acquiring aa 
eitensive capital in the funds, by itbich 
alone parmanenoe can be given to its valua- 
ble objects. Itwas oliscrved, howerer, tlfaC 
the clsims on the Fond are incieasii^, awl 
during the last year liave ficecded jfny 
former period. There xvas not a Imn^'t^ 
Icnowledge that tukd not been benefited by 
reUeffromthelmtltntiab; the HiitorMTfti* 
- .-:.■.■; -v.,..' :..-j.-.. .■e^3s.T>«,^ 



• I, . 


^ I 

1 1 




^^Ifhi^iBscir^diBt^ thai ^lendid and ayp^ 
maiimMl Ceremony , (he Caronatkm qfKuKO 
CUoBOB the fouRTHt on Me 19/A ^ 
J%fi^9 18S1. Addressed to the King, By, 
William Bunce, o/^NortbiamtnSiussexy 
and presented in MS. to His Me^esty at 

S tmuef W estmvnster Abbeys m which the 
Kings of En^taid are croufned, and wherein 
ihey mre aS»o vsuaUy buried. 


^rO the gfe«t power on Heaven's etemtl 

Let Gteorge's snbjeots high their voicet n^. 
And, in a Nstim's chorus, grateful pay 
The general tribute of their prayers and praise : 

On this apspicious day ifheu he assumes 
Til' imperiaJ Crown of his illustrious race. 
Impress the Father's virtues on the Son, 
And, with his diadem, transmitted grace ! 

Whhin these ancient, venerable walls, 
Wbere fbnner IGags in death's deep sUeoc* 

The Sons of Empire to their thrones repair. 
With rob^s of Tyrian dye their ashes sweep i 

While brilliant pageantries their steps attend. 
As through toe spacious aisle they take 
their way, [pow'r. 

Commence in pomp the transient reign of 
Which passes like the splendour of a day * : 

Not so the throne of thy departed Sire, 
Firm on the base of Equity and Truth, 
Through a long period of successive years, 
Heaven's righteous Laws he kept from early 
youth ; 

And now th' inevitable hour is post, 
Which laid his venerable form to rest. 
Still shall he live in every Briton's heart, 
Hever'd his virtues, and his memory blest ; 

Mature iu judgment, thou shalt now confirm 
The promise of thy delegated trust f ; 
While British loyalty shall still prevail. 
And Faction's envious demon lick the dust. 

Tii£ RoYAL Procession entering the 


Unfold the portals of this holy fane. 
Wherein the King of kings vouchsafes to 
dwell, [notes 

His *' chosen Servant" comes, with sacred 
Of joyful import the loud Anthems swell. 

u ♦■'•_ i^iih Kirf VJ 


For the Anmvtrsary f/ the J^'KUM^ 
SociBTY, May 14 *. 

'fHO' Genhif in hit dfe^ of prlds 

Move nily with tbie HtYodtbg Hdb, 

Yet wredc and death are near ; 
Or if his bait oatlive the gale. 
With anchor lost and shhrwr^d itH, 

He finds a haven— here. 

Here, mi^ the eye of Anguisli tfuxk. 
Where Mercy's beacons brightly bum. 

Thro' Sorrow's stormy night ; 
While Billows that itigtdph the tool 
flash the pare radfaoncfe at they rdff. 

And sparkle in the light. 

Here, gush the living tpringi that fUm 
In ttreamt of peace to hearts of woe. 

With tilant, healing power ; 
Heaven't blessing i^dt your genenme tftl. 
Nor &il8 the cruise, nor wattet the meal. 

In Famine's evil honr. 

■ < 


Blest is thit Temple, pure theM 
And HE whom Meroy nore deli^htt 

Than sacrifice, will see. 
Well pleated, the Noble and tbe QiM 
Letfued in this, holy brotherhoed, 

lliePriestt of Charity! 

Joiint Show. ' c<^ 






. * Alluding to the short duration 
usurped or oppressive GoYcrnmcnts, 


[AIL, messenger of gladness. 
From lands beyond the sea ! 
The minstrel sings in sadness. 

But sings to welcome thee ! 
Thou art reverenc'd as a stranger. 

Whose tidings are of joy. 
And to thy praise, in his humble lays. 

Sings the lowly peasant boy. 

Thou hast been in flowery vallep. 

Where my steps have never been ; 
Thou hast dwelt in garden alleys. 

Haply those of Eastern Queen ; 
Thou hast heard the Bulboli* singing 

In the shade at evening's hour. 
And llsten'd the lute, when the birds were 

In some fair Sultana's bower. 

Thou seem'st to be a stranger 

And pilgrim in this land ; 
Dost thou apprehend no danger, 

From the fowler's ruthless hand ? 
May the birds of ur acquiunt thee, 

That thy time should be emp]oy*4. 
In searching sure, for a nest secure. 

Or thy young will be destroyed. 

^ 'llie Regency. 

• See p. 451, 

t The Indian Nightingale, 




■j fa lull, f 

; iMt 

■ mi*, 

r I- ■ . . 

. ■ • t .rt. ' 

■ ■ t 


H IS TOli I€ AL C H RONICi^R' ''t" a( 

■ n 


' - • *. 

, 'Houie op Commons, April 22. 
. rWr. C Grant, in allusion to some ob- 
Wlratlons thrown out on a former evening, 
intimating that the Irish Government of 
Lord Wellesley was more impartial in ex- 
tending protection to the Irish Catholics 
than former governments had been, vindi- 
cated the Irish Administration, of which he 
had been a member, from the imputation 
of partiality. — Mr. C, JVyim denied thi^ he 
made any charge of partiality against for- 
mer Administrations in Ireland ; tnat his ob- 
servation had merely gone to the extent 
that ^he appointment of Lord Wellesley, 
and Mr. Plonkett, was a pledge for a more 
eonciliatory and dignified administration in 
Ireland.^— Mr. Peel claimed for himself, and 
those who had acted with him in Ireland, 
the credit of having acted with the most 
perfect impartiality ; and appealed to the 
pnftent Chief Justice of Ireland, and to Mr. 
Fitzgerald, who had been his colleagues in 
office, and were well known as the most at- 
tach^ friends of the Catholics. For him- 
self he declared, that in returning to of- 
fice he did not assent to any understanding 
that the affairs of Ireland were to be con- 
ducted upon a new system, and that with 
such an understanding he never should have 
accepted oflfice. — Mr. C. Grant affirmed, 
that under Lord Talbot's administration the 
slightest distinction had never been made 
between Catholics and Protestants. 

Mr. Ellis (of Dublin) presented a peti- 
tion from one of the High Sheriffs of Dub- 
lin (Mr. Thorpe), and the Foreman and 
Jurors of the Christmas Grand Jury of that 
city, praying for an enquiry (in such man- 
ner- as tne House should direct) into the 
charges preferred against them by the Irish 
Attorney General. Mr. Ellis took the op- 
portunity of announcing that Mr. Thorpe 
and six of the Grand Jurors, deputed by 
th^ir fellows, were then in attendance. The 
annunciation was received with acclama- 
tions ; and Mr. Brougham complimented 
the Slieriff and Jurors upon the prompti- 
tude with which they had solicited enquiry. 
Sir Francis Burdett then brought forward 
his promised motion for an inquiry into the 
conduct of the High Sheriff of Dublin, 
which, he said (assuming the truth of the 
charges made by Mr. Plunkett), deserved 
the severest animadversion of the House. 
The Hon. Baronet, in a very able speech, 
argued that the question was of a magni-^ 
tade very worthy of a Parliamentary inves- 
tigation ; and concluded by asserting, that 

justice to all parties imperathreiy 'k^n^tf 
an investigation. — Mr, Plunk^,m a mteh 
of some length, denied that the «staUisl^* 
ment of the charges whidi ha had nade 
against the High Sheriff was oeecssarj^tf 
his defence, sobmitting that it was aiMMigh 
if he could make out such ^mmm facie tMt 
against that 0&10U9 as mignt ba supposed 
to have influenced him in the course which 
he had adopted. He was, he said, most uo- 
wilHng to oppose a parliamentary enquiry | 
but he lamented that such an enquiiy was 
likely to preclude htm ftum the kind of i»* 
▼estigation which he had long resolved upon, 
namely, a prosecution of the High Sheriff 
tx officio before a Jury of some a^faoeiirt 
county. — Mr. Banket censured tha eandoot 
of Mr. Plimkett, but said that an enminsr 
tion at the bar of tha House was not a pn>- 
per course. — Mr. Broumkw, in a snort 
speech, replied, upon the anthoril^ bf tha 
parties accused, to aaeh of thr alJcgatioiia 
offered by Mr. Plunkett in a fbrmar ddbi^ 
against the Sheriff and Grand Jury. Wnh 
respect to the first charge,— that tna Grand 
Jury was packed for the oeeasioB«. ha mt 
sorted that of the 88 Grand Jurors, 19 ImA 
been upon almost every commission grand 
jury for the ten preceding years ; and had been 
frequently thanked from the Bench for the 
intelligence and Impartiality with which they 
had exercised their high judicial functions. 
— Col. Barry called upon the memberi.of 
the House, as they loved justice and detestad 
calumny, to give the Sheriff and Grand J«« 
rors an opportunity of vindicating them- 
selves. In allusion to Mr. Plunkett's de- 
claration that he had intended to put the 
case in a train of enquiry by an ex officio 
prosecution of Mr. Sheriff Thorpe, Colonel 
Barry stated that Mr. Plunkett nad assured 
him, that he meditated *' no ulterior steps 
whatever." This flat contradiction pro- 
duced a great sensaUon, which manifested 
itself in a murmur that lasted several ^se- 
conds. — Mr. Plunkett explained that his 
statement to Col. Barry related to Fisriia- 
mentary proceedings. — Col. Barry resumed 
by stating the impression on his mind to 
be that Mr. Plunkett had pledged himself 
against any ulterior proceeding whatever, 
except it should be commanded by lAie 
House. He then alluded to the death-bed 
confessions of a person who decland hifti- 
self the thrower of the rattle. On a divi- 
sion, the numbers were, for the motion, 
219, against it, 185 ; beii^ a mi^ity 
against ministers of S4. 


iVocMfwp M file prawU SMtiM ^nrUmilM. 


pnrfMMd U fxWt in wa 
Mioa Willi vliiiJi ;ti« ooB- 

•d bawi ouked b; iimj fron ft 

k wkM to pcawm Au **« i> it* iwnrtiiwry mif iWlBi>i."-^ 

nJicd ih. atisitul twNMa Mr. PlumlM finiuMi ■ liM >f i mTiitti 

i thii, hoiKver, Mi. Cu- to nmeDt tha MwcUnt'i GwU, noMIc 

•rmit; ud on i diriiioBi mendnl ",u good nMi is lai '^V*^,4 

(wptoviog of (In Btuml the bnd of >hiidi wm b liynin afJOil 

imj mi euriad br ■ ntjo- Wlliun, hlilnifM tnapSng MM • SMM 
of OnU (the ijidlral ^Ai l»iildta U0 

btioa Willi wUiJi ;ti« OM- Juaur OiiM yiin AKiii' la Ana 

■ (tha nndiol 
M it iboold I 

tbfl purpose of inquiring thtt Grud Jurf panfll wen to W ' 

MtjoT, M it iboold MunJ. Bfr. Cnwtf 

_. .„ i.i_ if iIb fil^ BMS«B**^ 

wen to bafcudc 
XtWwmrfol. . 
pc, the High Sbcri£F cS pHtr-men. In coacliuioa ha mU, ibat 

Houw letolied iuelf into wLuiucd thtt Mirta of tlu fift? lUmattat, 

. . . _ . . nfcudtflB 

pn&ned hy Mr. PbetktU thii liit, bat daniad tW tbajr wna rioM 

mt balisved, had bean tba though ha ooBiidarad hi) coUeagna MTij 

of Indictmaiit igHiiit tha Thor|je > high putf man, he wMld thm 

■Ihi (heMn, beii^ igiiaiad. hii tpowMga m bin aaniUar hm •■k 

attempted to be etubtbh- Jocor altogethw abova aioqitiaa.— W-. ^ 

lorpe In tha evidnca, and Ham Pptle iMted that, bahu aaihiw to' 

I istenJMt M infer that ha ait span dia imcottj CaanArina CbmC 

■as BBDHi me jur^, wen that the peoeE Jury, in oiilii to naid th« Intaiaafc J 

fc^lji 1 1 an nnpreeedanted nembar of tha a eattaia Mr. T. OlAeeia. ha mlblb !■ 

«Mtifa«8aftbeCo[pontinn; thattheQiud Nonmbu, to Mi. Tberpe, aod aMw^ 

4#an aomred with a (lupioiaiu pnocCtt-. from him a promiae that ha ehonU ha t^ 

Mhg> to thrir aamaa ; mod, tlut the panel wu tamed in tha pand. Flnduig hinMB «• 

' akprtw than npon anj ftirmat uccaiion. doded fron Ula paiid, be maooMMad' 

with Mr.TfibTpei wlio uaJogltad' by li^' 

'JKnS.S. IlMHoDMinaCoininittaeM- iag, that be had • ha*^«sdtopl^,'«|f 

•iltM the iBTaitigUion iolo tha oondnct of duit it na impoaalbla to pilaw Mt-fatiUIS 

4tKHIgb Sbaaff of Dublin. — Mr. Teraui Mr. Pook than gave a long otuetkd dft> 

Mtfj£, ■Money, aUMd, that on the dey taiioraalTBnBtiiHiaaatbepana#tbaIM% 

■■ wah the indictmenti wen ignored) Coipoiatioa. Other witaMaaaMM'eMBfaMC 

Hi Aariff Thoipe, in ■ nioin adjacent to whaaa aridenee it b ■Bneoeiiery to daMtl. '■'" 

ria Court, and about three quuten of an ^ • 

kooi before tba &te of the Billi wu an- >. 

aoonaed in Court, iddniied a gantleman, May 7. The Hou«, in itanmiiig th« 

-nwrf'— '. on the mbjecC of these billa, cbargei agaioat the High Sheriff of IM^ 

fiailii linn that they would be ignored, and lia, mamiaad ■eteral wituetiei, who apaba 

— «Ttrtn(r in the minsgeiDenl by wliich he of tha rude tmtmant they exp«rianal4 

^ initaed that luch would be the cue. from the Grand Jury. CkriiUmKa Mmam 

Hr.fnUilljHidthattheSlierlfFhBHipoliea coispiiined that the Grand Jury- ha«i^ 

ia a Tery laud vdlce, and that there were heard from him all the particnlna of tlM 

■metal other penoDB in the tooth, but he riot with whicli he waa acqiMinCad, rafiiat< 

aoold lume none of them except tha She- Co liiten to a etttry ha wished M Ml^ 

i^and Mr. MacaiinKn. John M'CoaaeU about the ureat of one of die Hadwiebae. 
attMd that at a card party at a Mr. Sib- ItwasbarenatedlbattbeeaM^gBaatMw 

thntoe'i, about three dayt after the riot in Thorpe wai cloaed—Mr. K Jfarriy Mam 

tSilhiWin Theatre, he heard Mr. Thora '■■ ■■ - - .. . . 

wmj to Graham, one of the perioas wh< 

"~a aiierwarda (but not theu) aecuaad, 

• ■ ■ ■ " ■ 'n hii ■ ■ 

O M'Cannel'B sCacemeiita principle of eicludini from 

' i pocliet on the 17th of TioIeDtpolltlci, — Sirtreorgeff au;rara,iaia- 

repued for several days man of the gnod jurr, itated that he.wt* 

after. He prmed that the panel which, ac-. soIiclEcd by Sheriff Thorpe' to praii^ vtm 

ear£nc lo Tomlioiou'i statemeDl, wu to tha Jajinary grand jury several weeks h>fi>m 

te paired by Mr. Thorpe, was, in bet, pre- the riot ) that haviog heard M^CooMira 

■Bwd br him CMr. C.) He negatived, in statement, that Mr. Thorpe boasted of 1m^ 

r, tbe imputation oF par- ing ^an Orange Panal, he nhued tn aM 

•t upon the Grand Jury, in the pre- npm the jniy, until Mr. Thorpa leaaiail 

if wliich Mr. Thorpe called in liii bhu, upon hii .honooT, of the fiJa^lieod oC 

[a denied that the Grand Jn- M'Connell'a atery i that he narar mm a 


n parsons more ramaihaUa for party body of ma* more .owaeiaBlionaly ■ 
T.Haa. May, 1S13. 


Proctedingi in ifmMammii*% tForeigff Mnm^ 



i4Wllg«#CtUlabwmiigpo^ii]itH)]iiatli# tlMMgiirtiaii«%fehlNi^lil«l iiMi'igtfM' 

thgjJiiiHwt ^md pohted wit the Jinggr to lilt mMtai' fedip^tid^ tlii'tiMhiA ««ili^ 

li%»i(ppiiih»i¥fad from pnrpetiMting^ thtit : IttioM wm%. wiMHMti^ ind tfo'i tt iaj l ' 

■C. I|ni%9«« H* tvpUned ha owv plaa of nMBtewiiedJrlihottt^dlvUkMi; '■■* 

mj' tmiwipitioD, whiob vw nooeuwily miid^ ' ■ ' '*-'^ 

K <ilinlitai ini gradwl in it* opmtioii, \Af«y 19. Mn^^nilftitm movod ijit-'or-* 

4l(^ mt^9 to dodare thit all ehiMren bom i^ der of the day for tho Mooad Diidtiff fllttNf^ 

mi IIVi% <inrtuii period shoald be free; amee- Irish Titrx ComrouTfoii BiLt^-^CrJ f? 

■rf iRlni- which lad the sanction of ex))erieiiov JKttfieraid oppoeed the Billy at, b)f MlllMii>^ 

4 hi- Biov York, where it extinguished Slavery iog the equnralent. to be beitosied o* llMP 

j^- i|^if«vlect sileooef aod in several other of tfaie CleigT ott the dormant r^t- fantSMl of HlM^ 

■f ^faiith Asneriean States. In coDchisiaiiy aotaal receipt; it wooM givatly iucwase tfi# 

il Mib Buxtos enforced the obKgatioa of iaoonie of the Cletgy.— Mr. GQuOH&ft' ii* 

ml- iiiMnieDt due by the Britbh nation m a iiiaded the ptimdpie of the BiD, tiiouglr \m 

j li^^stiftai of moral indignation. —-Mr. admitted that its details irere open tl> VUMt^ 

■f rgwuwy treated the question as one of great dersble Improwneiit, wfaloli he hopod iiuf 

.; dttoulty and danger; he denrecated the in-> would reeeive in the Committee, from 'Hit 

/ tradoetioa of the Christian Religion mto a knowiedes and attentioa of the lihh Mtu^ 

-r mwetion of political expediency, and quoted bers^-'-Mr. fPkkentt obftoMd to tim MA-' 

i Aom *' Dr. IVley's Moral Philosoj^y," a pobnrv character of the ms is u fe, wUblK, «i 

r pmmn of some length, to show that 09 the ehadguig the oonditloii of the Cicigy DhMJI 

> . 4ifllMtieB ci Slavery or Freedom the Chria-* territorial propri e to w to nRUhmeffS of *iW 

. «ii»B«ligioB was silent. The Right Hoau Crawn, would mitetm ftM wooMt i^pos thtf 

r Ocwtlsmaa maved an Amendment, declariag* ^p"*f "B^ iodnptBdeiiee of thtf tmlMf 

> lilf ttipodi^Boy of Ameliorating the ooaditioB Churchee; iad as a viektkn of MsMift^ 

^ fMlo Slaves, and preparing them to receive, tieal property, would go to shake the fooa- 

' wlAi eafety and advantage, the: blemings o£ dation of all proper^ ia whatever haods.— ^ 

; Rrtpdom at a future day.— Mr. ff^Ube^/hret It was ordered ttat tM Bill should bl c^- 

tlfqKicied the original motion id a short nftted'on Wediiesd>f, the 9t8t. '' '^ 

i^^sch^ Sir 7*. JaStaring profrased himself ft Both Houses of PlMrliament id|OifflMI 

^ addona AboUtioaist, and disolauned any this night for the Wfaitsua HotUi^l l&tf 

oownsotion with the West Indies; but.hsf Lords to Thursday^ mid the CoaittoM tif 

Bfpossd the original Resolutions, as fraug)^ Wednesdi^ followiiig* ' * 



The progress of the French army in 
Spain has not been so rapid as the advo- 
cates for the invasion of that country were 
disposed to anticipate. The head-quarters 
of the Duke d'Angouleme were at Villa 
Franca on the 14 th, and subsequently at 
Vittoria. The plan of the Spanish Gene- 
rala is strictly defensive — a system which 
had )>een previously resolved upon, and from 
which they ore not to depart, even to save 
the capital. A part of the French army 
have entered Bilboa. A detachment oi 
Spanish Royalists, under General Quesada, 
fiest took possession of the place. San Se- 
hpMtian defies the efforts of the besieging 
army ; it is said to be provisioned for six 
months ; and the loss sustained by the 
French in a sally is described as serious. 
Pampeluna is in a state uf blockade, by a 
division under General Conchy. The French 
Generals sent two deputies to Pampeluna ; 
the first was well received, but the second 
was received by a discharge of musketry, and 
compelled to retreat. The van-guard of the 
td eorpe entered Saragossa on the S6th. 

The 4th corps of the Army of the Pyre- 
nees, under Marshal Moacey, entered Speia 

on the 1 8th of April, by tho passagfe of 
Perthus : the following day a columa-passed 
by the Col de Cnstaja. < 

The fifth and ninth divisions of the 4thr 
corps of the French army, and three Spanish 
battalions coiumanded by D'firoles, bngan o« 
the 33d ult. the blocade of Figueras. An offl'* 
cer with a flag of truce was sent to summou 
the garrison to surrender to Ferdinand Vif/ 
The officer waf treated with respect, but 
sent back with an answer by the Governor, StI 
Miguel, to the following effect i-—^" Senci 
General, — ^The fortress of St. Fernando dd 
Figueras, which the nation has intrusted tO 
my care, and to whose confidence I deshv tw 
make a return becoming a true Spaniard ami 
a freeman, shall not be surrendered, aor 
placed in the hands of the rcmd atrmies af 
France and Spain, as your Excellency ra-^ 
quires in your letter of this date, deliv«redta[ 
me by Ca})tain Laserra, your aide-de*0Bnmf 
and its garrison, penetrated with the saM 
sentiments as myself, are resf^ved to burr 
themselves under its ruins rather than- fcH 
in the observance of their honour and tMlr 

The followmg Prooltaiatioa has kiMi'^ 
issued by £1 Empecfamdoy dated iMar«V0^ 





f.j! I 


J.0,O'-i! *. •*i rA,,f, i'i^^r 

D O M E S T I C O C U R'R tiflot^l 



■ e 

fj .. 





,vr , IRELAND. 

J$4|iM pcfvate letters from Ireland are 
^e4 wj^ the most gloomy appreheostona 
f 'tbif liitiire security of tbat part of the 

^ laa' ^^ P*P*'> '^l*^ several recent 

u|i|^aces of houses and com bebg destroyed 
^ the neighbourhood by fire. A very few 
~~ Sta'aince, a large party of fellows at- 
;ea a gentleman's house within four 
w$l^ of the city of Cork. After firing a 
£)iinderbuss, the contents of which passed 
iltfoi^h the firont door, they obtoined ad- 
mlttiancey and demanded what fire-arms were 
in the house ; having thus forcibly got pos« 
seaaion 9f them, they went off. 
. The l)uhUn Evening Post says, ** The 
hprrors of the South are thickening to an 
^^ient almost inconceivable. Perhaps thei« 
w^e never, in the history of Ireland any 
s^^jBiieb comparable to those which have been 
efiicted* for the last three or four months, 
ia.Cork and Limerick. Even in the rebel- 
iSplD^ of 1798, there were not, we are almost 
c^ovlncedy during its entire continuance, so 
^fiaoy houses burnt ; and, though m<»e nro- 
must have been des^oyed in the if hole 
m, yet certainty no two countiea have 
^ered as severely as Cork and limerick- 
aiA 4oing at tliis moment." 


By a late Act of Parliament, the Magis- 
trates are empowered to suppress all niirs 
within ten miles of the roetropolis, unless 
legal cause can be shown for their origin 
a>nd continuance. 

A public meeting, for the purpose of as- 
sisting the Greek nation iu their efforts to 
exnancipate themselves from the Turks, was 
lat^y held at the Crown and Anchor Ta- 
vern in the Strand, Lord Viscount Milton, 
M« P. in the Chair. His Lordship, on 
taking the chair, addressed the meeting, 
which was very numerous and respectable, 
in an eloquent speech. Several most ani- 
mated speeches were made by Sir J. Mack- 
intosh, Lord John Russell, Mr. John Smith, 
Mi«.C. Hobhouse, LordW. Bentinck, Lord 
i^jtchibald Hamilton, Mr. Charles Sheridan 
(son of the late Mr. Sheridan), Archdeacon 
Batl^urst, and others, which were most en- 
thusiastically received by the meeting. The 
Committee have published an address on 
the present state of Greece. It states, that 
Dfiurly the whole of Southern Greece has 
been freed, and the Greeks are making con- 
tinual progress : that in Germany, Switzer- 
laiyd, wad France, societies have sprung up 
£p|i,tha purpose of advancing the cause. 
The sums they have raised have been very 

coDsideraUe^ The Connittet tm%, fbift 
tb^ have been ftir aoiM tine QpeiqM is 
deliheratuig oa the best m ei ns of f g uu m tlag 
so noble a cause. Tbej hftve optiMd' a o^'. 
reot communioatSon with the exiatiaff —dMH^ 
rttiea In the Mores, and have alio bin afrL 
tively eogi^ed hi eorreqKmdeoee with tho- 
different eontinental oommitteee. 

ApH 83. Cahrioleta wera» hi bononr ol' 
his Majesty's birth»daj, iatrodnood to fhti 
puUio this momfaig. They are bidlt to. 
hold two persoos besides the driver (who it' 
partitioned off from his company)* sod torn 
liinushed with a book of fiures for ^ use i# 
the public, to prevent the posaibUitj of im* 
position. These books will be fband In n 
pocket hung inside of tho head of tiie cm** 
briolet. Tne fiures are one-third less- d»n» 
hackney-coaches. ' :r 

May 17. The 17th aanusi miiiting ofi 
the London Hibernian Society wm' haU sr 
the Freemasoas' Hall, Greet Qneaa •timHU^ 
ThePukeofOlottcesterinthadiair. Tha^ 
meeting waa verv nomeroosly atteaM.* Tba* 
Secretary read the Raport* by wbielk it sii^ 
peered, that the Sodety had 64 sohpoli ||^ 
opeiMion, at whidi were 66,0<M sohofiihfi^t 
50,000 of whom were Roinatt Cn^otioi*; 
The Report stated, that the prhumpiia oCr 
which tne sdhoob wars ooamtao, want 
adapted to the consdence of every class* of 
people. Notwithstanding the great pro^. 
gress of the Institution, many counties in 
Ireland were in a state of absolute ignorance ; 
and it was a fact, that where education made . 
the least progress, the disturbances of the 
country were the most violent and the most 
frequent : such was the case in the county 
of Limerick, where not one in 800 were sent 
to school. The Report went on to com- 
plain, that the Roman Catholic Clergy had 
thrown obstacles in the wi^ of the sodety, 
and opposed the principles on which they, 
acted. — Lord Lorton, Lord Gaibbier^ the 
£arl of Gosford, and several other persons, 
addressed the meeting, urging the usefulness 
of the Society. 

CovENT Gard&n Theatre. 
May 8. Claris mr the Maid ofMilan» an 
Opera adapted from the French. The nloit 
is interesting. Clari, the daughter c^ a,- 
peasant, is seduced from her Ibomcf under- > 
promise of aiarriage, by the Duke VivaUo.. 
He wishes to evade his promise, which if- 
the cause of much misery to Clari ; but in 
the end the union is happily consanunatad* 
The musicy composed by Bishop^ was ad- 
mirable, and the piece was announced ibri 
repetttion^ amidat univemil pUadits. 


.fttCtfd^. ' Rev. £. Bocvl^, Vicar of Tmkr Feb. tO, 1893. At St. Jami»'i Church, 

«^f ^ t6 Liicy«Bufrough> dtu, of Ute Rev. S. G. A. Park, esq. to Maiia, idui. of R«r. Dr. 

Partridge. ^Rev. Rich* Davies, Arch- Coppard, Rector of Gravely.— —At Kjshj 

4eM<m-o£Brecoo» to Eleonora, dku. of kte Knowle Church, Rich. Daltoil» eiq. Ittt 

Rev. F. Briclcenden, Rector of Dyndor and of Lisbon, to Elizabeth-Enom, dau. of. ib^ 

BHuiptim Abbotts. ^At Manchester, Rev. late Francis Smyth, esq. F.A.S. of Ne#* 

M. Formby, to Carolma, dan. of L. Peel, buildings. At Paris, Robert Wooti- 

esq. of Ardwick. ^At Peterborough Ca- house, esq. President of Onus Collie, 

tbcdial. Rev. T. S. Hughes, Christian Ad- Cambridge, to Harriet, dan. of the laA 

vaeate and Fellow of Emmanuel College, to Wm. Wilkins, esq. 83. At Bodiam, 

Ann, dau. of Rev. John Foster. ^At Col- Sussex, Wm. Cotton, esq. of Clapham, t^ 

I okoiter, Rev. Henry Hutton, to dau. of late Mary-Anne, dan. of Rev. J. Collins, R^tor 

Rev. Mr. BeevoT; Rev. Luke Ripley of Thorpe Abbotts. ftS. T. Everett, aM|; 

I nttaster of Free School, Morpeth,) to Miss of Upavon, to Anne, dau. of H. Cowdry; 

Taylor. Rev. R. Roberts, D.D. Rector esq. of Heytesburjr. ^6. At Bath, Ricfu 

k tf Barnwell, Northamptonshire, to Sarah- Jones, esq. of Clifton, to Anne Rich, dan. 

M Anna, dau. of late C. A. Wheelwright, esq. of R> S. Collicott, esq. of Weston Isle. ' ** 

of London. Rev. John Shllilbeer, of 87. Thos. T. P. Robson, esq. to Afofga- 

■r Odiidie, to Mary, dau. of Rev. Henry Free- retta de TAngle, dan. of Rev. Ri^ani 

■ ^mity Riector of Alwalton. ^Rev. FVookter I>avies, Vicar of Tetbory.— — At Walook 

t Thomas, of Bradford, to Anne, dau. of late Churchy A. G. Barrett^, esq. R^ N. t* 

l« Jblte if usband, esq. of Nartham. ^AtJa- Sarah, youngest dau. of late Mr. Thoa. 

B B&uca, the Rev. Dr. Towton, to Mary, datf. Jelly, solicitor, Bath. 

b of Rev. T. Thorn, of Bath. ^Rev. Jamis March s. W. Wybefgh How, ^. of 

■ WiUiams, M. A. Rector of Wiverton, Nor- Shrewsburv, to Francesslaoe, eldest dan. of 
i folk, to Miss Abdy, ofBathford. ^Rev. Thomas Maynard, esq. of Wokingham^— «• 

W. Wing, jnn. of Thomhaugh, to Anne, ILdeut. John Lamb, R. N. to Emma, dao. 

p aidast d«i. of W. Margetts, esq. of Hun- of J. Robinson, esq. of Holfowayd < . €L 

tingdon. S. Gale, esq. of Bullege House, James Davidson, esq. of Axminftter, to 

I Wilts, to Catherine, youngest dau. of J. Mary, dau. of T. Bridge, «iq. ofWinfinA 

T*tner> esq. of Hatherleigh, Gloucester- Esgle* 31. Cdl. Aitma, of Great Or- 

shlre. Henry, son of Abraham Leach, mond-street, to Gabrielle, dan. of J. White, 

esq. of Corston-house, to Elizabeth, youngest esq. late of Selbome. 

dau. of Wm. Owen Brigstoke, esq. of Blaen- j4pril 2, Capt. James Lindsay, Grena* 

pant, Cardiganshire. Elias B. Slater, dier Guards, eldest son of the Hon. Robert 

esq. of Hambrook, to Miss C. Lewis, of Lindsay, of Balcarres, to Anne, eldest dau. 

Bridgnorth. William Brade, esq. of Li- of Sir Coutts Trotter, of Grosvenor-sqoare, 

verpool, to Mary-Anne, dau. of J. Barnes, hart. 3. At Cambridge, Rev. Edw. Mil* 

esq. of Tavistock-square. Dr. Gibbs, of ler, of Emmanuel College, to Emily Mansel, 

Old Quebec-street, to Sarah-Elizabeth, dau. dau. of late Bp. of Bristol. 7. At Ips- 

<rf T. Armstroug, esq. of Baker-street. wich. Rev. C. Martin Torlesse, of Trinity 

Charles Lillie, esq. Surgeon, to Matilda, College, Cambridge, to Catherine Gurney, 

dan. of Mr. Stammers, late of Foxeath dau. of Edw. Wakefield, esq. 21. At 

Mills, Essex. ^At Hedsor, W. Lunnun, Ormskirk, Edward Boyer, esq. of Lathom, 

esq. to Caroline, dau. of late H. Round, ^^ Mary, only dau. of Thomas Walkden^ 

esq. of Woodburn, Bucks. At Ilfra- esq. of Bickerstaff, co. Lane. 

combe, George-Flower Herbert, esq. Lieut. May 8. At Brighton, St. Leger HiH, 

R. N. to Mary, dau. of late Capt. Harding, t^q, Capt. 12th Lancers, to Catherine, dau. 

K. N. and niece of Commissioner Bowen. of late John Nugent, esq. of Clay Hill, Ep- 

Oct. 19, 1822. At Killadjee, Augustus som, and niece of late Right Hon. Edmund 

^arke, esq. of the Hon. E. I. C.*s service, Burke. 6. John Raymond Barker, esq. 

to Lucy, dau. of the late Mr. Trewman, 3d Reg. of Guards, to Harriet, youngest 

proprietor of the Exeter Flying Post. dau. of late Wm. Bosanquet, esq. of Upp^r 

iVbi?. 14. At Calcutta, Turner Macau, Harley-street. 7. W.Man, esq. ofBrom- 

ISSq. Capt. 1 6th Lancers, and Persian Inter- ley, to Louisa, dau. of late Peter Bowers, 

prcter to the Commander in Chief, to Har- esq. 

net, dau. of the Rev. Wetenhall Sneyd, of [P. 368. The reported marriage of the 
Wewchurch, Isle of Wight. Duke of Norfolk with Lady Gage, is a mis- 
Dec. 13. Capt. Wm Miller, of E. I. C.'s take. Wc copied it £rom the Newspa- 
'Artiflery, to Catharine-Sarah, dau. of Jas.- pers.] 

<8rtsv#S Russell, esq. Clifton. , ' ^ 

Gent. Mao. ilfflj/ 1823. O^TtV^y. 

I «.. fc Si J^ J[ til* 

bis Majesty's Cuuiisel, learned in (be tbe Huuse decided on ibe conduct of 

Law 1 and formerly one uf Ibe Lord) Vise. Melrille, wbo had been implicated 

Cumniissioners ut the Treasury; lale in a Report from (he Natal CummitlkiD- 

GovenioT uf the Cape of Gaud Hojie ; en, bi« Lordship voted with a uiitiority 

Joint Paymastei^Generai of (he Torcea ; of 316 to 317. On the 3fith of June 

and late Surveyor- General of the King** be «■■ chosen by ballot one of • eom- 

Wouds, Forests, anil Chases. mittee of leven, to inquire into and ei- 

He was the eldest but only lurviving amine the tecret matter conlaincd b) 

■on of John Duuglas, Esq. ot Fechil, in tbe 11th Report of the Comminionen af 

the parish aS Ellon, cu. Aberdeen (a lineal Naval Iniiuiry, and afterwards, ■■ cbair- 

niaie descendant from William Hrn Earl man, delivered in the result of the pro- 

uf Doufibs, who was descended from ceedings. 

Sholto Douglas, wbo Bourisheil in the Besides an account oF theTukay and 

year 700), atid was born Mny 34, 17411. other winei of HuDSary, in the Philoio- 

After receiving the rudiinetiii of his phlcal Traiitactiona for 1773, fa« was tbe 

education near ibe place oF his nativity, author of " History of tbe Cases ofCun- 

Mr. Sylvester Douglas was sent to a troverled Elections determined duriDf 

neighbouring Univertity. and brought the tint Setsion uf the 14th Parliament 

up under tlie auspices o(Pro(eBSorB noted o( Great Britain," 4 vula. Svo, I777. 3d 

for Ibeir talents, in science and the edit. IBOSi" " Reports of Cases deler- 

learned languages. He then removed to mined in the Court of Kinf>'s Bench )a 

London, entered himself a Member of tbe igih, SOib, and 91it years of George 

one of the Inns o( Ciiurt, was called to 111." fo). 1763. 3d edit, g vols, royal 8v*, 

the bar, obtained a silk gown, and bav- 1750. Many years ago his Lordtbip 

iug distinguished bimself by his talents published " Lyric PoeiDi," written by 

in controverted elections, published four the late James Mercer, Esq. who bad 

volumes on that subject. After he bad married bi9 sister, to which > life of IlM 

«Gi)Uired considerable eminence as a pn>- author was prefixed, and an aacauMcf 

iMtioual man, he Diarried,Sept.3«,17(l9, bit own fanily. To coMot* UMuU'ka 

u( Charles 1. and bis aiiccslurs are Itainber (iaacoyne, Esq. elected s Ver- 

kiiown 10 have been the Lords Pulli- durer of Waltbam Forest, Nov. 31, ]79lt 

mure, near Execer, as early as 13TS. and Lieutenant of the lame Aug. 5> 

lie WHS born Jan. 53, 17^3; Bucceeded ISll.wheii liereiignedtba Verdurerabip. 

hi* faiber, Sir Richard- Warwick, Aug, The Umily of Smyth are desceodtd 

1 5, 1 776 j married in Ihe tame year the from Sir Roger de Clarendon, natural 

eldest daughter uF Sir John Moore, Ban. sun or Edward the Blaiik Prince, and wtt 

by whom be bad issue, George- Warwick of the highest aniiiiulty, whereof wa« 

Bamfylile. E^q. who succeeds bim in bis John Smijtb, High Sheriff of Essex and 

tide and estates, and one other sun. Herrs, 30 Henry VIII. who was father 

Sir Charles, alter being educated at one to the celebrated Sir Thomas Smijtb, 

uF our great public seminaries, repaired hprii at Saffron Walden, SB March, ISM, 

to OxFord, where he received the degree M. P. for Essex in the I3tb and 14tb 

of D.C.L. At a proper age he was Parliamenli of Elizabeth i in 1548 niads 

[etunied Member for Exeter, which city Secretary of State, and Chancellor of the 

he represenlcd in seven Parlianienli. Order of the. Garter; for more detailed 

llis remains, on April 28, arrived at particulars of whom see bis life by John 

llardiiigton Park, and on the following Strype, in the ■* BioErapbia Britanuie*," 

day were consigned to the family vault, and a good poitraii oF bim in Ogbuma'i 

in Hardington church, attended by liii History oF Essex. He died IS Aug. I&7T. 

(WO suns, and a few of bis intimate and was buriedatXheydon Mount, where 

Heiglibours i also by a VKSt body of bis also the remains of Ihe nine Boronels of 

tenantry, eajser to pay the last tribute this family have been subsequently in- 

(iF respect to the luemory o( one who terted. 

always proved himself a must kind and — — - 

liberal landlord.— The service was per- Sie G. W. Gunnino, Ba&T. 

furmed in a very impressive manner by Jprif,. la SaviUe-n>«, aged 6l, 

■he Rev. J. R, Juliffe, of Ammerdonn. Sir George William GuDiiing, Bar*. He 

Tliui finished the career of a nian wh<f was aecond child aud first aoi) of. Sir 


SutfurJ, and by ber hail nu bsue : 3J. in Irtrland, wilb a amall force, and de- 

Marcb nS9. Jane, yuuiiK'Sl daughter fealed Geiierai Lake, Ac; but met wilb 

ofTbomas Bagge, Etq. of King's Lvtiii, Coniiderable re^slance Irom Brigadier- 

CO. Norfulk, aiid had issue 4 daiigbten. General Robert Craururd, and Ibe Rt. 

Ill 1805, be took the name and arms oF Hun. Charles Vereker, now VUcuuiil 

Preston, by royal sign manual, and on Gort, whoie gallant conduct at Culoony, 

the 30ih of May 1815, received tbe i" "PPosing the progres* of (be French, 

patent of Baronetage. occasioned a gracious mark of hit Ma- 

jeity's approbation, in an hunourabl* 

Sir Thomas Webb, Baet. aug roe mat I on to (be arms of Verekci^ 

AfarehSe. At Griilon'a Hotel, Albe- with the motto of " Coloony," 

marle-streel,in bis 49th year, SirTbomai He ediigrated to tbe United Slatei ia 

Webb, Bart, of OJ^tock, co. Wilts. He ISI3, and acted under General Jackson 

wassonof Joseph Webb, Esq. second son when New Orleans wai attacked by • 

of Sir Thomas W. 4ih Bart, and nephew British force. For tbe last five yaut 

to tbelateSirJubiiWebb,Bart.wboni lie his mind bad been disordered, a deep 

succeeded on hia death in nsB. On the melancholy preyed on his spirits, and 

14th of March, 1799, be marritd ihe >>« died without leaving sutticient to 

Hon. Frances-Charlotte, daughter of defray tbe expenses of his funeral. 

Cbailes 12th Viicount Dillon, by Hen- , 

rietta-Marla-Phipps, only daughter of Sir John Easier, Knt. 

Constaniiiiefirat Lord Mnlgravej andby AlarchSS. At Brighton, in his T4lb 

ber had issue a son and heir. y^^r. Sir J, Earner, Km. Alderman ol 

Sir W. Duff Gordon, Bart. * In our vol. lxxxiv. pt. ii. p. 509, 

March g. Sir William Duff Gordon, the death of General Humlwrt i*. Mid 
•eeond Baronet. He wai son of AJci- to have taken place in 1814; but.W» 
attitt Gordon, Esq. third ton of W illiaBi suijpiMa ibat report was untru*. 


wm OwtTVA%Y.^Mit, BMtf.r'-^m^k MmtMNttk 4|t 

MiMllKpt imnImimiaIjp ^cieribtf Im «aii- ^ pnmfimk mtt^B, 

IJIi rJMificf r In tfacte tvvcfftl ralfty«ii». flttency of fop^'B 

ytfimm the patriot tout of HainlmiiEh m tesorMf of GnMbe'ft 

»rtV oasie forward in dofeoee of thair . «* Mr. Bcllajr'« im cMty* nNin^ft tfc» 

j0«intfjt « short tine prior to the down* higher flifht of opief poetiy |. 

itt of Napolcony the gelUnt Dr. Vun cinient of whotn pom&r mw t 

Mum was eppointed GenemllMinio of printed* but not pnUtehedi 

hrevo nuso ; end there is no doubt, under the tide of ** IdweL" Th» 

\]f the happiest display of military of vhieh only portlont are them 

eivil talent, he very essentially eon- but the whole or at least the 

dffihttted to the restoration of thingni in part of whieh haahean leftki liflkhytthe 

Wa adopted country. One who was not author, was founded on the events .ean- 

,«iiiaequainted with his worth, and who neeted with the conquest of Walea* At 

Imm partal&en of his refined bospitaliiy, the end of the sane volume Is fouBui a 

fnis a sort of melancholy pleasure in Greek poem, originally |»uhlislied In the 

Ipayiqg this humble tribute to bis n^ Classical Journal, a fow years ago. -The 

■Mury. T G. last publication of Mr.B. was an anony- 

' mous poem, called, f^AQneen'sAppeaV' 

Mil. Ppt-wb Raii wv ®^ ^^^ sunaas, in the Spenier meaiUfe. 

, « MR. rETER J5AILEY. His tasto in the ««ww^ «r<f of pakrtin|c 

Jon. 25. Suddenly, in a coach, in his ^^ „„g|Q ^1^ ll^^ |^^ of whieh« all 

way to the Italian Opera, by the burstin|f ^jje unhappineis of his life was to ha al- 

oi an aneunsm of the aorta in his inside, ^Hmted, and of whteh be vaa no Ma« 

Mr. Peter Bailey, late Editor of the ^^fUsient praicUotlty), aUhough it was 

weekly periodical The Museum. Mr. ^^^t ad w^wmi, etiU it not eUttthe 

Bailey possessed considerable literary i^y^^ ^ onthusiasm a but while his aye 

acquirements, and he was about pursu- ^^^ ear, Used by the mighty mattem of 

Ipf bis avocaUon,iu attending the Opera, ^]^ ^^A of sotmdc, drank deeply aH 

fur the purpose of making his observsp ^be beauties .of an original spirit, thef 

tiona on the same,and on the performers, iMtinetively refected the feehloBeM wi 

fcr the pubUcaiion of which he was the imUatipn, and turned with scorn fiwpi 

•dit^, when his sudden death took pUce. ^he impudence of suecessfol quackery." 

He has left a wife and three children Mumum. 

to bewail their loss. - 

'* Mr. Bailey was the son of a solicitor Mrs. Maxwell. 

near Nantwicb, who had realised great j-^. 9, In child-bed, at'the Govern- 

property in Cheshire. His scholastic ment House of the Island of St. Kitta, 

career commenced at Rugby, and con- ^he lady of bis Excellency Charles Wm. 

tinned at Merton College, Oxford, from Maxwell, the Governor. From the period 

whence he removed to London, and en- „£ her arrival in the island till the day 

tared at the Temple to follow another of hep death, her life was one conUnued 

branch of the profession of his father, ^und of benevolence and charity ; the 

Instead of following the law, Mr. B. seems ^^3 universally betoved, and at tha early 

to have let the law follow him, until it ^^e of twenty-six quitted a worid of 

left him, where it frequently does the which she seemed destined to be one of 

«Mm mercurial spirits, carried along in ^te brightest omamenU. She was of the 

thU gay metropolis, like atoms in the „oble family of Douglas, and was the 

qrstem of Des Cartes, and in a place only daughter of Col. Douglas of Lock- 

whicb few have quitted so completely esby House, near Dumfries, and niece 

unsoiled by the contact with vicious ^^ ^be Admiral of the same name. We 

characters, and full of feelings as fine, believe she was second cousin to the 
actions as honorable, and heart as pure, . Marquis of Queensbury, and to the af- 

as when he knew but by name of the flirted partner who survives her. 

Palace of Thoughtlessness. We make Her features and her person were 

uo hesitation in alluding to this period lovely. With the highest polish of man- 

of Mr. B.'s life, since it enables us to j^^n and address, there were united a 

direct the attention of our readers to a simplicity and an unconsciousness of 

publication of his, which does equal ere- superiority, which spread a charm and 

this publication, of which we have seen a„d fascination of manner in the high * 

only the first volume, although some gution ^hich she filled, conld not fail 

copies of the second have got into cir- ^ have an influence upon the maaaam 

ciUauon, we could make many extracts ^nd happiness of the youth of her o«« 
Gent. Mag. Afay, 1823. 


;twt gTud-cUldrcD. SoMtXiiTiHIBL— XoMu. AtSomwUii 

Jin^ 19. Aged 76, Mr. Tbo. Roblmra ucd 33, tin widor otttUMi, Ctiu<l7lud 
sfHilloD, aeuLucuCer. For moie tbu Hn. Rachel Bnin, widov, ued S^ 

■ " " Hl7S, ^HM "" 

).. iUrftSt^ AtUACMtcr, ■ad.sqfEB- N<Wi^ouA 

juibivv.nnBBT, M Mnin«nt tpmfca' Hiuiu WWi, MM I 

^,. Jfimlis. Wu iateirad. itFJ&g.Aaoa 9. JMoU^ Afil 

{Jriqa, widow. SIm wu mirii«l tbs flat Lntil S&wdf. 

tiww U the iga uf 17> WM K wifs IS jnn, . OxToSDtailtl. — Dee. 87, At 

(bea continnul s widow 14 ynrt) Bunlad ton, after ■ iluirt HlneM, ^^^XTf^mnC 

l^jiiii, udwu * wibaTjBUii igiiaawl- late Bar. Wm. WHum, ttactor </%■£ 

i4(iw47ean; at th« igc of 80 ihe married ShaKlrd, Barb. |'. 'v. 

Jiit tba lut time, andcontioued a wife II At HaidhiEtoii, agti SB, tli^ ■ 

jMta. She died at (he age of 93, beiog the late Rev. Dr. Popham, RMtoii„ 

oiilj a widow a few monthi. — She had iio toiii Berki, Hid fbnnerlj Fallow of'. 

^tAiUren me to her fint hiuband, frma CoDef^, Oilord. 

■rhom •prung npwardi of SOO childnu aad Silop. — j^rUtS. AtSUemff^utUTg, 

gnnd children, 40 of whom wen gisat AliciaMarla, nUttof lataJ(diByo^:«D. 

—at grand-ehildren. Somiiii"t.h™. — r^M.. ti, B™EjI7 

' - ' • - * -"■ ~3, Mr. Tho. RoblmoB — ' "' 
uCer. For moie tbao 
<a the Cotton Milli at 

^ . ^ feipoctability. Hcwaa .. _ ^, 

. fiatlgwed to the grave by a large coacoune Edw. Sealj, eiq. of Ntibtr Slowef . 

(rfboih leiea, ^T ia decent mourning. In FulMnaj itreet, Bath, Jpaaptf labaU 

flag!. Aged48,Thoiiia3 CuDliffa,MJ3. mondien, eaq. 

of PreitoD. At Bath, J. S. Mcond hhi et Jim^fW 

Leicksteiuhire. — Mardt S. At Ajrle' Morjfao, alif 

, rtDDc. aged es, Man', ndow of JanatW At Bath, ^ TS, Barbara, wKcf LU^ 

Foater, tta. fbrmerlv Clerk of tha Peace fui col. Wamt. 

. Uonterabin. Jin. 19. At 

jfyra 15. Aged B4, Thoniu Heaton, JanKaFtild, kt 

Y.,fint. of K0I7. time raaldant at 

,, , ifrii ii- At Market HarboioDKli, in wbicH place ha 

Jj;i^94th year, and not mora Tenerabia bom' guIahadliinMalf 

„,linr7*Bn than for her Tirtnn, Catherine, re- I7S9, nlidK Wi 

,;Jiet <^ the R«v. Chriatopher Hattun Walkari la*t mtMafl ol 

I,.|.H.A. fijnnerN Rector of Kibworth, at. nwnt. Ha alai 

'Leic. and of Harringlon, co. Northampton. Bunkar'a Hill, 

. She wu yiiuugest duu. of the late Richard bod]', and pallet 

Greene, eiq. of Rollettiin. MarchM. At Bath, CapUJn Thiout 

May \i. At Scraploft-hall, aged S\, Fruer, ofthe Engiaeen of theMadraaeata- 

Thomu Peach, esq. Lienlenant-Col. of the bliihment ; of W^dcut Houae, aodofBw 

Yeominiy Cavalry, and Receiver General nisldrk, Scotland He lerved the office «{ 

of the county. Sheriff of Oxfbrdibire in 1890. 

LiNCOLNSHiBE.^/l^l 2. At an ad- JMorcA S7. At an advanced age, tha relict 

vanced tse, Mie. Broedley, of Biybn rough, of Robert Tudway, eto.and motlierof Favna 

relict of John fl. eiq. formerly Major of Tudwar, «q. M.P. for WeR.. 

' Militia. At Bath, Michael Keogh, eiq. barrlater- 


Aged 7fl, Franoei, liiter to 2. Sealj, 
eaq. banker, of ttiidganater. 

March 31 . At Bath, aged 64, Margaret, 
liBterofSirJohaWilliami, bart. of Bedel- 
wyddan, co. Flint, tUughter of J. Benoet 
Williama, esq. by Sarah, dau. of Rob. Hea* 
keth, ea<(. She wu unmarried. 

April IS. At Taunton, aged BG, the 
relict of late Ferdjnaodo Andeiioa, eig. of 

ISewland, esq. of the Bank of England, Bath, 

from wlioje will he enjojed a liberal annuity. May S. At Kingidown, Hugh Baniettt 

Feb. 19. At Ciiiistone, laabella-Freeman, eaq. formerly of Jamaica. 

yoDDgesC Asm. of H. Coleman, esq. At the Al Portisbead, aged 67, Hannah, ■idow 

aama plaee, on the ISth and Mi inst. the of late John Tanner, a respected mauber of 

LKly and infant son of Major W. Fawcelt, the Societj of Friends, 

vldeit daughter of Henry Colemna, esq. Suftois. — Lotcfa, At Aldanfiald.GiMD, 

Mayi. Agedaa, the relict oTMr.Chrii- aced 84, Geo^ Fryke, gent, tolakiij of 

topber Cave, formerly an eminent master of AldenGfld HaU, Wickambrook. ' " ' ,, 

die FlM Giammu School, at Castor. fS: S. 


:: AnneMaidwell, aged 10! i 

Ci. Clemenc. 

Elizabeth Pa 

yiie, aged 103. 

, At Norwich, aged 80, Joseph 

March t^. 

Oeldut, one 

of the Society of Friend.. 

Aprii 30. 

At Keswick, aged 75, Capt. 

Muckle, R.I 

May 10. 

Aged 30, John C. BIgnold, 

esq. of Catio 
North AM 

PTiJN. — Advanced in ^e, Mr. 
.nd, late of Leighton Buziud, 

Henry Ne«ls 

^Ar£^ bi . At Cocker^n, 9^ 85, Ore" 
j^^iSt^'^e, esq. 

WoAcKSTBRSHiRE. — At Worcest«r, %f^ 
6f John Hopkins, esq. late of Weatmore- 
tad-cottage, Bath. 

March 29. Aeed 79* Josh. Creme, esq. 
enlur AUerman of Bewcfley. 

jipril 16, At Malvern, the Lady of the 
jby. Dr. Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich, sis- 
it to late Lord Castlecoote. 

Yorkshire. — ^Lately, at Tadcaster, ad- 

I ji 1. ^ it 'v 


yaiHM in teM IKfiiPPM^ %i Jbto A^. 
JBfmorth,Jof1^dr^«Caiji00|Mbiltt^ Mm 

^dks. • Ai BMwI^yXadvMidbd' ki'l^/^ 
Joseph Dickenson, om of the ^StMiiiJr: «f 
Friends. ^ 

Fe^8. WUliite Brown, 6iq. df Wite-^ 
field, and fiiriBerly ol Leedsl 

i^. 5. Aged 70, AlaxForUe, e«[4P. 
once an active and eminent physirfan-iii 
Hall. He was a man of great henevktleilat, 
united to the atrangeat nndentfadd&n|^. ^ 

BILL OF MORTALITY, from April 28, to May 20, 1823. 


emales - 

Males - 893 
Females- 813 

Whereof have died under two years old 
Salt 55. per bushel ; ijef. per pound. 



2 and 5 150 
5 and 10 70 
10 and 20 49 
20 and 30 100 
30 and 40 143 
40 and SO 178 

60aa4 90'k90' 
60 aa4 70 14ft - 
70 and 80 148 
80 and 90 «y , 
90 and 100 9 
100 .1 

GENERAL AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importstioii, 

from the Returns ending May 10. 






s. d. 

5. d. 

s. d. 

8, d. 

«. d. 

67 8 

33 3 

25 4 

30 10 

82 7 

s. d. 
34 3 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per .Sack, May 19, 354. to 60& 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, May 14, 34#. 7id.f«it cwt. 


»Qt Bags ZL 49. to 4/. 8s, 

lasex'Ditto 2/. 05. to 2^ 125. 

, 2/. 45. to 3Z. 35. 

Farnham, fine, 61. 6s. to 8/. 

■ » 


KentPodcets ..9^ 16r.*to &/«.. f^ 

SuaacK Ditto jU' 9/.., '^n 

Essex Ditto fi2. 14r. to a/^^^ifu 

05. Secjnds, 3/. 105. to 61, 6s. 


. James's, Hay 4/. 1 3s. Straw 3/^ 1 45. Od, Clover 4l, 1 55. Od. — ^V^itechapel, H4,y4/. 125. Od. 
-aw 21. 1 45. Od. Clover 4/. 1 Gs. — Smithficld, Hay 4/. 45. Straw 2Z. 85. Od. Clover 4/. lOr. Od. 

SMITHFIELD, May 23. To sink the Oflfal— per stone of 8lbs. 

4d. Lamb 45. 8d. to 5«. iaid. 

4d. Head of Cattle at Market May 23 : 

4d. Beasts 327 Calres 320. 

4d. Sheep 10,880 Pigs 240. 

!^OALS, May 21 : Newcastle, 325. Od. to 405. 3d. — Sunderland, 335. Od. to 405. '6dL 

TALIX)W, per Cwt. Town Tallow 415. Od. Yellow Russia 375. Od. 

lAP, Yellow 705. Mottled 785. Curd 825. — CANDLES, 85. 6d, perDoz. Moulds lQs.Od. 

ef 35. 4d. to 45. 

itton 35. 4d. to 45. 

al. 3.y. 4d. to 55. 

rk 25. 8d. to 45. 

THE PRICES of Navigable Cawal Shares, Dock Stocks, Watbr Works, Fyia 
;uRANC£, and Gas Light Shares, (to the 25th of May, 1823), at the Office of Mr, 
Raine, successor to the late Mr. ScoTT, 28, New Dtidgestreet, Blackfriars, Lon* 
1.— Grand Trurik Canal, 2000Z. Div. 75/. per annum. — Coventry Canal, 1 05(U. Div. 
'. per annum. — ^Birmingham Canal, (divided Shares), 305^ Div. 12Z. per aanum.-*^ 
urwick and Birmingham, 230/. with the last half-yearly Div. 52. 105. — Warwick and 
ptoa, 210/. ex half-year's Div. 5/. — Neath, 390i. Div. 22/. 105. per annum. — Swansea, 
)/. Div. 10/. — Monmouth, 175/. with half-year's Div. 4/. 105. — Grand Junction, 245i. 
h ^mroaching Div. — Manchester, Bolton, and Bury Canal, 100/. with approaching Div. 
Did Union Canal, 73/. — Rochdale, 70/. Div. 3/. per annum.-— Ellesmere, 68i.— RageatTs 
L-— Thames and Medway Canal, 17/. 105 — Portsmouth and Arundel, 30Z. — Severn find 
re Railway and Canal, 35/. Div. 165. for the last half-ye«r. — Lancaster, 27/. Div. l/L per- 
tum^^ — Worcester and Birmingham, 32/. Div. 1/. per annum. — Wilts and Berks, ^L lOf. 
Kennet and Avon, 20/. — West India Dock, Stock, 1 76L — London Dock Stodc, 11 5/. 
jrlobe Assurance, 153/. — Atlas Ditto, 5/. 55. — Rock Life Assurance, 3/. — ^East Lond<m 
iter Works, 1 1 67. Div. 4/. per annum. — Westminster Gbs Ught and Coke Company, 66L 
London Institution, original Shares, 28/. — Russell Ditto, 91. 9s, 


. I 

JUNE, 1823. 


nasat m Salliog of Shipi ■uKeatMd4B3 
Reduction of the NitiuDid DeU....4Sa 


MEocheu Gioi 

B«l Biosrapfiy cnrtected Bp, Mi 

telex of the Greeks m 1674 ii. 


^«ineiitofCh»rital)leIustltulaoii» 497 

■ikian Aldernuui Sniitli'iCbariCies...S0O 

fooOTSa with Africa leoommended ib. 

Leaves.— Shakapeste's Son-in-law SOS 

wcmum Fij Leaf.— Priot's Poems 503 

It Aoecdotei, fnni Valerius Md 


mtbitm Bf Aon VutlfntlsW. 
Mteolu'iXiftiirWiUimDwlMn. ^~S1 

Dawsa'i Littan from MBckliniboTg..:,^!7 I 

ID Anne'i 

M St. Paul's 504 

etkJi for A Histotj of Lar 

»ct« respecting llie Study of Hera!dry..506 

SUn of Fmnpton and Nelsou 508 

Stonehenge, 509 — On false Crlticism-.SU 
Ika Muubjlity of Nitional Or«ideur...513 

lumeutol Inscriptioni frooi Dutoe 516 

ir from Junes Morice to Lord Burleigh, si 7 


lithe Land of Bum 

Bujgoss 00 Greek Original oENew Testament 5ar" 
Nicholi'i Progresses of Queen £liuibetli...G3. 

Dr. Robinson's m»tory of Enfield 53i .. 

M«moira of the Lil^ of William HajIeT 53 

PoI»hele on Marriage, 540.~Ghoit Starlet 64 
IdTERiRV Intellioince.— New PoblioadOBi ij 
Objects of the Rojal Society of lJtentsle..S4. 

Select PoKTHY 

Pioceedingi in present Session of ParliaDaent f 
Foreign Neni, 656."DorDestlcOQeun:Btu^ t 

Promotions, &c.— Birtbt and Marrians i 

Obitdiht 1 with Memoirs of (be Marailii 
of Salisbniji Mr. William Pla^r 1 Don 
Jain Llorentei Gen. Robert Maonersi 
Col, Thornton i Ijeut.-Co!. Wilfcrd i Jo- 
seph Nollekeas, Ksq. K-A.i Sir Ilaj I 
Campbell j George Edmds, Esq. &o. tec. 5^3 

Bill of Mortality.— Prices of Markets 676 

Meteorotogic»]Table,— Prices of Stoda.. .5761 


ed hj John NrcHOLS and Son, at Cic 


, / 


JUNE, 1823. 



Mr Urbav Summerland Place, actuating mankuidy under eyea H^ 

' Exeter, June 7* best view that all past experience Cfifi 

IT is a general duty, in a work of enable us to take of human nature* 

permanence and repute, such as .Manj prc^jeotfr of importance, floating 

.TOUTS, to state briefly whatever may uselessly in ond intercourse, in obscui^e 

jbave a tendency now or hereafter to situations, would be imparted in accuN 

advance the interests of either moral rate detail, with an encouraging oev- 

or physical science. No improvement taint^ of due attention and impartiif 

in mechanical science can be deemed decision. Though many proposed ioi* 

valid or conclusive by mere reasoning^ provements might not, on a more close 

however apparently convincing. Ma* examination, and under further expe- 

.thematical demonstration, of which rea^ riments, be found adequate to original 

soning is but the means, or actual ex- expectations i still, in a muUipUcitjr (^ 

periment, which is the highest test of instances, vast advantages to the pab* 

physical truth, can alone establish the He must be a certun result This {i 

vsJidity of any projected improvement so manifestly obvious, ^ to requuni n# 

productive of public utility. Men further comment, 

composing our various establishments As an instance of such communica- 

for carrying on the Government of the tions as might be made, let me state 

country, though possessing the usual one which more able persons may ob- 

share of information and knowledge, ject to, or recommend as worthy of 

niay not be precisely the description of further experiment, carried into actual 

people best qualified to decide on the effect; because many causes may com- 

merits or demerits of scientific sugges- bine to render a practical result dif- 

tions; and their time is otherwise fereut from that yielded by models, 

fully occupied by professional and where exact similarity of action <;an- 

daily details of the business of their not be precisely obtained. In such 

departments. Under such circum- trials, a strong approximation to a 

stances, a communication of what clear conclusion is the utmost th^t 

may be supposed serviceable ideas, can be reasonably expected, 

through the medium of Periodical Having been five years of my life 

Publications of extensive circulation, engaged m extensive marine surveys 

may be best calculated to lead ulti- and voyages, it frequently occurred to 

mately to desirable purposes of real me that the movement of a ship in the 

public bene6t. Fully convinced, from water might be accelerated by an addi' 

much experience, of the justness of tionalfore-and-aft application of power* 

these suppositions, I have invariably I conjectured, that if a strong stay ran 

in my works urged the necessity of from each mast-head (I mean the 

having a naval and military Board of lower masts) down to the keelson^ and 

Tactics, consisting each of a few that if the requisite tightness were 

highly scientific characters, to whom given to them, a considerable degreie 

moderate salaries would be granted, of movii\g impulse might arise, uom 

as a fair remuneration for their valua- a forcible drag on the keelson thus 

ble labours, and to secure a decision effected. Of course these stays would 

uninfluenced by motives too frequently cross the present stays, one of whose 



Pirn fur fttbenif th» NaHmuiBM^ 


An experiment ptomistng mndli ad* 
vantage of increase of rate of sailing 
may be well wcnrtby of repeated trial 
on a proper scale, or actually on a ves- 
sel under sail. Similar stays might 
run from the top of the fore-topmast 
to the head of the main-mast, and 
from the top of the main top-mast to^ 
the head of the mizzen-mast. This 
-would add very considerably to the 
effect contemplated in this paper. 

All this, Mr. Urban, is thrown out 
for the due consideration of men more 
conversant in such important subjects 
than mere experimental theorists, 
whose expositions generally require 
further confirmation. To a nation de- 
pending gready on her commerce and 
maritime power, such considerations 
anre essentially serviceable. 

V John Macdonald. 

Mr. Urban, LloycPsf June 19. 

HAVING read Mr. Brickwood's 
plan for reducing the National 
Debt, which I understand he has 
sent round to the Members of Parlia- 
ment, I beg leave to observe, that I 
will hereafter submit, for the informa- 
tion of your readers, the plan, and some 
observations upon it, which I am en- 
couraged to do by the following con- 
cluding remarks made in the last 
Number of the New Edinburgh Re- 
view, as follows : 

** In the present situation of the country, 
perhaps it may be more advisable to take 
off the taxes to the amount of four millions 
per annum, and cease to apply so much in 
the redemption of the debt : for we have 
shown, that by the operation of the plan 
-which we recommend, the capital of the 
Debt may he immediately reduced upwards 
of ane-tkird, by the addition of not more 
than half a million of annual charge, while 
a reduction of the capital to an equal a- 
mount could not be effected by the applica- 
tion of five millions atmually in less than 40 
years. But a reduction of the capital of the 
JDebt to the extent of upwards of one-third 
of its present amount, being immediately 
practicable by the operation of the plan 
which we recommend, at an increased an- 
nual sum of not more than half a million, 
the balance of the five millions proposed to 
be applied as a Sinking Fund may be saved, 
and the public may be immediately relieved 
of taxes to this amount, if the surplus reve- 
nue over the expenditure shall amount to 
such five millions, or whatever it may a- 
mount to. Taxes to such amount mirms 
half a million may be taken off. We desire, 
however, to do nothing by compulsion. If the 
holders of the old 4 per cents, should refuse 

t»triit>pwport taM iteMmittftHA te^W 
Mw fond, aotiee BMnr be CMi'^bl lim 
idU be oOd off In dw aNBMr pnsefiM^ 
Aet of FarliMseBt la tiiit btbOf (17 Oetb 
in. p. 46). Bn te ihtm, m wtSL mtothm 
holders ot (he new 4 per cent*, tad iJio to 
the holders of the 8 per cents, when th* 
plan shall be extended to them, we thoidd 
propose that snoh a bonos shoold be givea 
M would make U their itUertA to consent to 
the oonversion. 

** To OS the mfldness of the plea appeals 
to be a lecomrnendatloa almost eqnal to tte 
efficaey. It does harm to no one, uMe U 
greaify hen^ the State; being^tiw meet 
powerfbl and effieaekras plan for pajing of 
the National Debt e^er submitted to the 
cousideration.of his M^}esty'8 CJoYemment." 

This interesting and animated api» 
peal will no doubt be felt ; and when 
sundrjr resolntions grounded on it are 
submitted by eminent persons for the 
serious consideration of Parliament^ 
no doubt can be entertained but a due 
attention will be paid to so important 
a subject. T. Waltbrs. 

Mr. Urbav, June 5. 

I CANNOT refrain ofiering to your 
notice, and, through you, to your 
serious-thinking and numerous read* 
ers, the result of no small refiectiob 
and reading relative to the expected 
epoch of the present already astonish* 
ing century, an aera which will not 
close without still more important 
events, at once proving the truth of 
sacred prophecy, and the manifesta- 
tion of aivine councils. — Far be it from 
me to pretend to a knowledge of pro- 
phecy and its occult interpretations^ 
out It may be no presumption to en- 
deavour to apply It, with a view to 
show the certainty of God's moral 
government of man, and to amend 
our lives by a suitable preparation for 
any visitation which wiU approach and 
effect its purpose suddenly : then it will 
be well tor us if we be found well do- 

There are two events which we 
may expect without much longer de- 
lay ; and this expectation is consider- 
able even amongst those who do not 
accustom themselves to reflect deeply 
or without any consistent study or ar* 
rangement on such subjects ; they are 
looking out for something, as the Jew- 
ish and the Gentile nations didprevious 
to the first advent of the Messiah', 
without knowing to what point to di- 
rect their attention ! Let us see then 
whether^ from what f<dlow^, 1 shah 


which they once professed, — has 

her children urgent with their Mr. Urban, ^/mondkam, Jmne 3^ 

lalional governnicnla for equaU- A S there seems to be a very laud- 

I of temporal lights, while they XX able taste in the present age of 

ily avowed a renunciation, or af- rescuing everv character of note from. 

to renounce, some of the antient the gulph of ohtiviotl, allow me to 

. of their faith, ivhich, though com 

aught in their schools; are denied whc 

iclice, — thereby clearly showing tribi 

they are willing to sacrifice in serv 

what they ivould acquire by othc 

r, as the only means of attaining and 

ill these present a similar assur- On 

thai the effusion of this vial is man 

to fall vipoQ the papal empire' phk 

1823.'] Account of ike Belt Family, of Douai, co. Yttrk. 469 

^Ir. Urban, Jufic4. displaced, and o?en disfrnncliiscd, fur their 

I AM satisfied the rollowinff ac- %«% to their Sovereign ; which cleservet 

count of a highly - respemble •rnorel^twgmemoinMltlx^nlamarr^idm^ 

aonily in Yorkshire, who have al- I^?.?" ^m ^1; ^ . rv •«. 

*n_r "^ * I * /u • • 1 e I would not have our present Citizens 

vm^ acted up to the principle of despair of weing a revi^ohrade at York; 

".« / ^^^' honour the King, what hae keen may be agaiu. We are not 

-will find a ready insertion m your without iutances of many families yet in 

|Mges; persuaded as I am, that you being who must deduce their pi^pent fiill- 

I a some degree serre yonr country, neaafrom this source. Whoever will lool; 

when you commemorate those who in baclc Into our catalogue ai senators* and 

.fiMToer times, from their loyalty, saf^ consiEer the names of them £ur about an «^ 

■jBncd in its cause. lut past, will find that many of them laisad 

v; The family of Bek is one of the "*»*«» by trade, some to so Litet a bulk ft 

;te6Bt ancient now existing in York, to give place to very ftwLonaOTmmAanlSi 

•hire. The oldest record in its posses- The country within a few miles «imid«* 

:ri0D. as to its settlement in that conn- g»ve. proof of this,norneedI do more A« 

T_. . • . « • .1 c tr- u* mention the names ot Acar, Robinson, Ji^at 

ty» IS dated m the rcigji of King Ri- ^^^ ,„ ^^^^^ .^.. p^ ^^ 

chard 11. A.U. 1387; but it h^s bc(>n 

supposed by that eminent herald the Then, in point of dale, comes i( 

brte Mr. Brooke, and also by one of ite worthy notice of Sir William Belt, 

jdativcs, your valued friend, the late Recorder of York, with some strong 

Mr. Samuel Pegge (who was a. good contrasts in other persons to the loy- 

Autiquary), that its original ancestors alty and good sense evinced by him. 

enane from Lonibardy, and were of no pncjer date l633, after giving a bom- 

' JBcan birth, the registers of oar Ar- hastic speech of Sir William Allen- 

;4taeirial College attestmg that the arms son, the Lord Ma\'or of the City, to 

:fif the family are those of that Duchy. King Charles the First, who was tlu-n 

/: The following notices of the family, ^ York on his progress, and observ- 

Vftom the reign of Qnecn Elizabeth »ng ** that such harangue from a jier- 

tliis family an hereditary claim to the Drake gives, in p. 135, a sj)ecch of a 
merit of loplty in didicult times:" very (liiFcrent sort from Sir William 

Leonard) deputed with Mr. Recorder and ,. i.^jt- i_ 11 1 11 

othen to take possession of certain City ^"i^f "'^ Majesty should take and keep 

lands. (P. 247.) **"^^ "^^^^ antient city of York'* nu- 

•« 1«14, Robert Belt, ShcriflF of York. <^cr his especial protection. This ten 1- 

" l«25, SirWm. Belt, knt. Recorder of perate address is a fine contrast (ami 

York. evidently meant so) to the rhetorical 

" 1628, Robert Belt, mercliant, Lord flourishes of Sir William AUcnson, 

Mayor. which it succeeds in the same page. 

)per troni liie omce ot J^ml i k**. i • c l\ r> i n- i 

Mayor. «l.lch ho Imd hold four vears, who,, "duhuing a.lmirer of tin- Royal eQi.l- 
few durst undortake it, witli all the testi- ^eiicy very soon became foremost in 

mony of loyalty and courage n j»ood siilijoct *^* cxtinguisiimcnt. 
could pay to liis Sovi-reipi. Tliomas Iloyle, ^ like instance of bomba 
Alderman, one of the City's Rcprejwnta- ^rom Sir Thos. Widdrington, who was 
tives in rarlianiont, was for a contrary rcu- another shorlly-cnsiiing traitor, is add- 
lon put in his plnco. Tlie (lovernor also cd in the next page Cl.'3()), which even 
procured John (loKlart, S. W. T. D. ^^c. ito. ex reeds the oration of Sir William Al- 
to bo chosen Aldormen for tlieir eininnit lensoii, and is justly observed upon by 
disaffection to the Kin- in tlu- i^luci's of Sir Drake (alter an allusion to his trea-on') 
Roi-ert Ihltf Sir Hoiitir Jucijiu'S, i<ic. ivc. tlliis * 

(lENT. M \c.'. J/^ /.'.', I Hi J. ** I do 


1923. ] '* Amually BtographtT MrHcttd.-^Bp. Mdn$eL <ltl 

oceasion, and I shall feel much obliged well'- written feux d'etsprits.** The 

it you will allow this letter a place in writer in the ubituary then t^uoteftm 

Ae next number of your valuable mis- epigram upon the late Dr. Jowe^i 

cellany. garden, wnich he attributes to Dr. 

I shall with your leave (instead of Mansel. I beg to observe, in repi^, 

transferring the inaccurate memoir to that the epigram in question was wn|» 

your pages, and subjoinine my notes ten some years after Mr. Mansel lind 

on the errors which occur throughout) taken the decree of A-M. It is iiiae* 

merely mention and refute the misstate- curately published in the Annual Bkt^ 

ments as they occur. graphy, and its real author was a Mr* 

1. The writer of the memoir mis- Horry, an American, who was a felkifr 

spells the name of the late Bishop, commoner of Trinity College. 
He writes Mansell instead of Mansel. 7* The writer of this memcur caij> 

3. He never was a tutor at Trinity not conclude without a blunder. Hiji 
College or anywhere else. Conse- last sentence therefore is, '* he is the 
quently not preceptor to the late Mr. author of a sermon preached before 
Perceval, as asserted in the memoir, the House of Lords, at Westminster 
though he stood indebted to that Minis- Abbey, Jan. 2, 1810.*' For Jan. 2, 
tefs friendship for his elevation to the read Jan. 30th { on what occasion the 
mitre. Mr Mathias, the celebrated sermon was preached, I need not, littn 
Italian scholar, was Mr. Perceval's Urban, inform you. 

tutor at College. I do not mean to say, with respect to 

■ 3. Mr. Mansel took the degree of the ** Lives'' in the Annual Biography, 

D. D. in 1798 (not in 17Q0 as the ah una disce omneSf but I will venture 

writerof the memoir supposes), and he to hint to the editor of that Mrofk, 

took the degree in that year to qualify that since almost every line in the 

himself for the mastership of Trinity *' Memoir of the late Dr. Mansel^ 

College, Cambridge, to which he was contains an inaccuracy, the public will 

recommended to nis late Majesty by naturally be suspicious of errors in tlie 

Mr. Pitt. lives of other individuals. You will, 

4. The writer in the ** Annual Bio- therefore, I think, a^ree with me, 
graphy,'* &c. continues, " In this capa- that a little more care is necessary in 
ctVy (the mastership of Trinity College) the compilation of a work which the 
he took an active part against Mr. conductors, I presume, intend to be a 
Friend, one of the Fellows, on account continuation of the ** General Biogra- 
of a pamphlet declaratory of his avow- phical Dictionary.*' W. F. M. 
ed aversion to the war with France, ^ 

and contributed not a little to his ex- Mr. Urban, June 5. 

pulsion." In answer to this, have the A T a moment when the prevalent 

goodness to observe, Mr. Urban, that i\, feeling in favour of the Greeks 

Mr. Frend (not " Friend," as in the in their attempts after their national 

Obituary) never was a Fellow of Tri- emancipation is unquestionably honour- 

nily College, but of Jesus. He was able to the English character, we ought 

deprived of his Fellowship many years also to feel anxious to ascertain the 

before Dr. Mansel became master of dispositions and habits of those to 

Trinity College. An account of Mr. whom in the fullness of our hearts we 

Frend's trial is published. concede our unlimited favours. The 

5. Dr. Mansel was promoted to the interest the modern Greeks have ex- 
see of Bristol by the interest of Mr. cited among us originates in the blend- 
Perceval, in 1808, and he afterwards ed emotions of Heroism and Chris-' 
obtained the living of ** Barwick in tianity ; the memory of their remote 
£lmet'* from the same gentleman, as ancestors is associated with the recol* 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, lections of our school-days, and their 
In the ** Annual Biography,'* &c. the professed faith awakens our sympathies; 
order of these preferments 18 inverted. out should the modern Greeks be 

6. The writer of the memoir says, neither Heroes nor Christians, our pro- 
** while a Bachelor of Arts, Dr. Man- ject would not be very creditable to 
sell (Mansel) rendered himself at once our discernment. 

famous and formidable by his satirical I have no other knowled^ of the 

•writings; and in particular distinguish- modern Greeks than what any one 

ed himself as the author of several may acquire by conversing with our 



Compendmm d/ OwiXgr HUlnUfi ^f(mmmMk% 

mat stunnifis are canj^d eat of j^ 
jtvakhh dominions by this artifice into 
tlie Persian jurisdiction ; for j* Armob 
nians are of v^ empire. Thus is y^ seanw 
lesse coat of Chnst rent asunoer, and 
the house of prayer made a den of 
thieves and mony-changers. But, oh 
God, where is Christian Religion free 
from this impurity and these animositys? 
I know not whether these rebtions 
may be pleasant to you ; I am sure it 

h to aie,'<6iwfe gnterttdot d i tf i m rifcttg 

a discourse .wt^ yot^ tht e uly bo o t e it» 

aaticm i am nofir kmwe %idi sbn. ' '< *h 

I beaeecfatke Author of aHif«od to 

setid yoo yoiir hbalth, and if it iBi lili 

blessed will, send us upon terthoMb 

happy meeting more» fbrtbttWotfldbe 

an unspeakable blessing to^ dear Dooliil 

Your mdst unaitmbly atid . ' i 

entirely a£Fectioiiatey 

. J. F. I 


(Continued from p. 41 1.^ 


493. A large body of Saxons, under the command of Ella, and his three 
sons, encamped on Lansdown, and laid siege to Bath. King Arthur being 
apprised of these operations, hastened after Ella^ aittacked and defea^tea him 
iu a bloody battle. 

520. King Arthur again defeated an army of the Saxons comnlanded by 
three Saxon Lieutenants, and preserved Bath again from their fury. 

577. The Saxon leaders, Ceawlin and Cuthwin, the former ofwhota ,W9S 
King of Wessex, led their arms towards the North-east part of this cmidtf, 
and advanced to Deorham, a village in Gloucestershire, about eight miles from 
Bath ; and encountered the three British Kings, Commail, Candidan, iind 
Farinmail, who had united their forces to defend the yet tmsubdued part of 
Britain. After a bloody engagement the Saxons prevailed, and Bath, t<%e- 
ther with Gloucester and Cirencester, was added to their conquests. 

f)58. A conflict happened at Pen between the Danes and Saxons. 

722. Taunton Castle destroyed by Ethelburga, Queen of King Ina. 

733. Ethelbald took Somerton. 

775. Bath seized by OfFa, King of Mercia. 

788. Glastonbury desolated by the Danes, but rebuilt by King Edmund. 

845. A memoraDle battle was fought at Stoke Courcy between the Saxons 
and an army of Danish marauders, in which the latter were defeated ; and 
Elstan^ Bishop of Shirburn, routed a straggling army of the Danes at EveU 

873. Glastonbury entirely demolished by the Danes. 

877. Somerton laid waste and plundered by the Danes, but was rebuilt. 

879. Alfred the Great erected his standard at Kilmington against Danish 
invaders, on the spot where there is now a stately tower, erected to comme- 
morate that event. 

886. Watchet, then called We-ced-poort, suffered greatly from the Danes. 

9 1 8. The Danes, under the command of the Earls ot Ohton and Rhoad, 
landed at Porlock, but being soon discovered, were attacked with great bra- 
very by the inhabitants ; so that the greater part were killed, while the rc- 
mamder were compelled to re-embark. — A party of the Danes likewise land- 
ed at Watchet, but met with the same reception as at Porlock. 

9.55. King Ed red died at Frome on St. Clements mass-day, and lies buried 
in the old minster. 

973. Edgar hallowed King of England with great pomp at Bath. 

987. The Danes ruined and plundered Watchet. 

997. The Danes again burnt Watchet, and killed all the inhabitants. 
1001. A conflict happened at Pen between the Danes and Saxons. 
1016. A battle was fought at Pen between the Danes and King Edmund. 
1018. When the English Lords had formed a wicked design to cut off Wil- 
liam Rufus to make his brother Robert Duke of Normandy King» Robert 


oiyai, oonn, iBwyer sna aniiquHy, •nout looa, 

BucUand, Ralpb, popish divine pf some note, Weit Hnrptce, «iioul li64. 

Bull, George, Bp. of St. Davids, Well), 1634. 

Bull, D(. John, celebrsled musician, abogt laSS. 

BuUei, J aba, bepofsclor, MsTtock. 

BjMD, Henry, D.D. lojalist and learoed preacher, Dunster, ISBO^ 

Cutlemao, Kichard, benefactor to hii native conn of Biidgvater. 

Champneii, Sir Jolui, Lord Ma^ar of Londoa in 1 534, CKeo. 

Chuleton, Walter, plljsiciaa and voluminous writer, Shepton Mallet, 1«I9. 

ChetHynd, Jolm, Piebendii^ of Bclitol, Banwell, 1613. \ 

Collin(;ton,Jolin,jesuitiralprle>t (livinglSIl). 

(^oriu, Thomas, fool to prince Henij, Odcombe {died 1616). 

CovanCry, Sir Joha, tlie mrson who occaaiooed (be Corentijr act. 

Courcj, John, Baron of StoLe Courcr (died ISIO.) 

CuDWORTH, Ralph, divine a 

CufF, Henry, unfortunate wit 

Dampiei, Wm, celebrated oil 

Duiiel, Samuel, druaatic wri lunton, 1&69. 

DuMSTAN, St. Archbishup ol 

Dnr, Sir James, Chief Justi< , 

Edmrdi, Richard, dramatic wriKr, taw. 

ElphegeSt. ArchbiiliopofCanterbun, Weitoa (martyred 101 1). 

Euebie, Alexander of, antienC English poet, Baurished ISSO. 

EvERV, Sir SrMOK, cetpbrated loyalist, Cbard. 

Ftn, Jaho, Rnmish exile iriler, Montacut* (died 1613). 

FiCLDiNO, Henry, celebrated novel writer, Sharpbam Park, 17^ 

Fiti-Jamu, Sir John, Chief Justice of ibe Kide'i Bench, R^iach (JM 80 Ham. VUl.f . 

, RleharU, LL.D. Bishop of LoodoBi and u eaeeUcBt tohobf (dltd IBIS). 

Forde, Roger, Abbot of Glastonbar; in 133a, Glutonbnn (£»] IMl). 
Fronie, Nicholas de, S6th Abbot of Glaatanbnij, Fnnn (dMMSSJ. 
FdIwcII, Ulpian, dramatic writer, 1SS6. 
Gardiner, John, D.U. eminent divine, Wellington, I7S7. 

I 4«t4^/b|r0Ur]Fiiig!iDto.cQttnm littof gulf »f. &OMf^*i^m? igPt><lto"ln)>^ 
i aHMQriimiaesi anoptyio^ the amouiu stowed, without the least gnadow.of 
r ^1 ^e ivhcile, aocotDpanied with thek hope.or ex(>eota|iii^ of jim fMV* W^ 
pwKies ; 80 that one opulent governor, if cepi that oi the ^ijrit . 4B4 it^<^ f^ 
Hr-Wars wirocth his whikthua to provide iog goo4.> w4 tab -wilU OMfjeo^iim^, 
ibria'«oR or a nephew, overleaped the iuppoie that njot OKNrf thaii.|p04ib%, 
jttit claims of the rest, and produced ritable institutioos hold such :a/'' 
te irterocable schism and accession of —but there is ample r^asoa;tA. 
the best and earliest patrons of the so* that this is far snort of the, 
ciety. By the effect of the new regu* number. ' ■•-..i 
latioo, these manoeuvres and sinister The ex pence of these meedtiagji i% 
nraetioes, disgraceful in themselves, usually defrayed by the Stevn^m^llp^ ijg^ 
iMMre been subverted. order that the whole of the contiiJiiM 
There are, however, some excep- tions should be received uninqNiifed 
lioBs to this rule in the cases of elec- by the charity ; but this is. not sojn all 
-tidn of pupils into the Schools for the cases, and espedallv in some of th^ 
BJ^ndi-and for the Deaf and Dumb, old InstituUous. Thc^ numerqiiis |kjpf, 
iofk where every subscriber is imme- ulications to men of name and opiH 
dtaiely admitted to vote ; but they dif- lence, have checked their zeal^ a|ig 
^- fier very widely from those above aU obliged them to limit their serviqas,^ 
luded to» The elections of these pu- and with a view to meet their fed^ng 
pils are conducted without contest, ex- in this respect, the share of each ste|^- 
ceM that of doing eood. ard's contribution,. as such, has in OMiq^ 
t Before we pass from this subject, it instances been Hiqited to a small syoDji^ 
may be proper to recommend, that but then the deficiency is taken txom 
eyesy benefaction and subscriptioa the collection. . It is greatly to be ,1^ 
should be paid to the banker, ana en- inented that tliis measure has be^ 
lered in the books of the society in the found unavoidable, but it ^ a . nq^fifr; 
iMunes of the donor ; by which his pri- sity which properjfy, yields to the , fi|i£ 
i^ilege is proved on examination, and . greater good that is dooye in the dtt&^ 
^ die4X>llector is acquitted of his charge, sion of comfort and relief for tbc MKVr 
Akniversaries. One of the chief and afHicted, for the public educajikiif 
means for promoting the name, and of youth, for the maintenance of t£e 
increasing the funds of public chari- aged, and for the shelter and refuge of 
ties, is by sermons and festivals; the those who would otherwise be lost ii^ 
former anbrds a religious opportunity the pitiless storms of adversity! 
of giving a public report from the puf- Such is the result of a very g^neraf 
pit of their services and utility, arid, by view of the management of JPublip 
uniting them with the duly of Chris- Institutions of Charity in England. I4 
tian love, an eloquent Minister finds has become a wide theme, as its efforts 
ample occasion not only to exemplify are more extended, for they arc be- 
ana recommend the high example of come a prominent feature in our statQ» 
the Redeemer, but to apply it to his part of our statistic review, recognized 
followers in support of the claims in by our laws, and supported by the \^ 
question ; and m most cases the pre- nevolence of all, from the Monarch to 
sentation of some of the objects of his the cottage. The patronage of the 
allusion to the audience, to whose elevated Head of our national alle^ 
hearts he is desirous of making an ef- giance gives the great example with a 
fectual appeal, has the effect of posi- lustre which irradiates the Cro^ni 
tive evidence in preference to any the- and it is beneficently followed by au 
oretical reasoning. ranks of his people with unsparing 
The numerous festivals also, which bounty, and reaches to, and finds co- 
fill our taverns during the first three operation in, the humbre dwellings of 
or four months of every year, afford a frugal industry in their penny socie- 
testimony unexampled in any other ties. This mutual love render^ our 
part of the world, to the blessings of a realms truly an united kingdomy— «lik 
charitable zeal prevalent amongst us. cits the character for which it has long 
If we take only 25 days for each of been eminent, and proves th« test of 
these four months, on which such an unfeig;ned Charity^ which, when 
aaeetiogs are held, and take the aver^ mingled in the cup of blessing itiu 
age of 600/. for the collections made Faith and Hope, is the greatest 49)f^) 
at each of them, it will yield an aggre- Yours, &c. ■ ^ * 

Mid.] EsBtmiM[ hdmfomtm itnth 4finm n ililN iii i *il , 4A 

mm, IH their abilitiet and eomtitta- of aoqAiMtiM in I^MfifgM. faf ««r ju- 
;ti«ti9 be ever «o good, and their aical venile offieenti and the htf^ cha»c- 
> ev^ «o great. Although this may be ^er attached to ut, whidi h immktA 
' the case, it does not mllow that it is on the iniiids<>f idl on the Sontferp 
not to be accomplished; — what is ahores of the Mediterranean Mid Aniii- 
therc not to be obtained by British ^ pelago, kaTCS no donbl of die |xa> 
teamen and British merchants ? A ca- ' priehf of (mnoing the oWect pi^ 
piul iodiciously employed, and an ap* dentfy» steadily, and firmly: lor m all 
plication equally so, would accomplish great nndertakinn, the foammon 
this furtherance in geographical know- most be the first ocgect. 
kdge Mid commercial advantages ; and Permit me then to observe, diat our 
diere may be found in some of its ci* eommercial concerns may be extended 
tics information from antient mano* so as to produce an intimate connexion 
eertpts yet remaining, that may illns- ^|th nery pari, from Mogadore on 
irate the early history of this least |he Western shores of Marooco, mfite 
known part of the old world. round the North-west coast of Africa 

Six hundred years before the Chris- (called by seamen << the GlU*'}, to Tu- 
tian aera, the Phenicians made voyages nig^ to its £astem extremity, taking in 
ftom their celebrated city of commerce, Algiers and the cities on its Northern 
and to which a most momentous pro- shores, ar^ if added to this neat efibrt, 
phecy was attached; these accounu gnmnded on proper principles, like ihe 
were furthered and repeated by Eu- Levantine and Eastern Company, aoch 
doxus of Cyzicus, ana even if that an incfease of trade, of knowledge, and 
Eminent literary character the late |,f '^ concomitant adnmtag^ woold 
Dean of Westminster has doubted \^ produced as to ^ve a floimshing re- 
the troth of them in his <* Periplus,'* ^^\i^ and an anitnatiqg advantage} ibr 
we may at a later period venture to ve- jjy (his means, atid Ois only, Africa 
nerate the character of John I. Kins would gradually beodne known, and 
of Portugal, who very early in the 15th what appears to be impeneHafale to in« 
• century extended his views towards hm^ dividuals, however .ifeA disposed in - 
yigation, that terminated so happily in mind, chatacfer,' and oohstitotioii,' all 
an afier period by Vaseo de Gama, and of which have at present been foond 
has ultimately thrown the current of insufficient, would become an easy 
East India commerce from the Ara- procedure. An extended commerce 
bian Gulph and Isthmus of Suez to the to all these ports would in time, as in 
widely-extended and beneficial navi- India, promote a knowledge of Uie in- 
gation round the Cape of Grood Hope, terior ; and if similar abilities in indi- 
opening thereby our views, and ex- viduals, of acquiring that almost nni- 
tending our knowledge, and increas- yersal language through all Africa and 
ing our national ability in wealth and a great part of Asia (an extent of conn- 
honour amone the nations of Elurope, try exceeding all other languages), the 
almost beyond the ideas of the elegant Arabic ; it would afford such advan- 
Historian of America ; and to what tages and means of pursuing the ob- 
heiehtthis increase of knowledge and jects proposed, that Africa would be 
ability have placed us, would require opened to our view, and its advantages 
his eloquent pen to state. So again felt as to all other parts of the world, 
we may not "rest and continue in At present we are even as ignorant of 
one stay," the field remains open still the orisin of its inhabitants of many 
for fresh advances, and there never parts of its interior, as the Indians of 
was a better nor a fitter period for the America are to the general origin of 
exercise of the abilities and knowledge mankind ; as the remark I have heard 
and improved habits of our nautical made, when seated with them rotind 
and commercial countrymen than the their camp fire, after a day in which 
present. there had been a total eclipse of the 

Respectability of, and attention to. Sun, "that the Grbat Spirit made 
national character has been alluded to ygd men first, black men next, and 
already in several letters lately submit- white nten last !" 

f See vol. xcii. ii. p. 324. t Sse vol. xcni. p. 195. 


: Mii) Auruti/W. • rti 

Mr, »IUI 


" -" — * (rf i^nuisicr/ which pi»- 


a to tm / 


B Antiquary an mtem^g 
r HMIftrhiiexertions.shouldstittnniMn 

* Alttttttt of a rcsalar Hbtory. That Ihntunf a Toor Aotn DnnKng^ JUp 

^ fhrWOtttd have the courage to encoDd' tnn Mtm ; MiohBll's TdbabW^HiUm 

3ler ■• lUMiiieiM an undenaking aadie of Leioeslienhire, *hich ■«n>rit Mm 

krtct&aiiwi sf hs history, i* shviow. be oxMidMl hj Voor CoROnditpM 

^ lotbewoidsorStrSichanlColtHun, "tfaeRa]khar<raneph^''>^S* 

! VoL LixxTiii.i.p. llQ, "though the infbnttatioD (>r4ieEufitftl»Co|% 

j J M Cli ptiog of an entire Coun^ iiii^t ty. ^ the hiiWrrof ttMBatyp'^^l 

! p^ ietcaed too laborious for one indi- Earia anf Ae diitrifantiov of |j f< H)fHn 

\ yUtiu. >et I flatter myself that thf I have so ilodbt fab isiAt cMa^ 

>: ttuto^ of a aia^e Hundred ii vithJD *lth tacixm Ordeticoa Vltuii HiMiyi 

' 0>ecompaHof many; aad ehouldevcC publidied fay Du Cheme, I^a Ma^ 

' bete labours be thought too irksome, teted autaoKript eoUectioM rdaiira w 

I ^^' 

X be divided amongst a iOr &tC«mtj»nm 

. . ^ naideot gentlemen, each tdt- In ■jiawer to yotir C . 

iqg hia own parish. Such an occupar T. R. Weeton, dwre is a MS 

fioD, I trust, would be panitnilarly of the Haodred of A '-^ 

bMilyitiK to many a Clergyman who tant, not in a Hlwar 

Mabathleisurctoinvestigate.andabir but depoaited in As C 


I deuribe. An annual meeting in whKhUbnny'ia-pMt o 
(ht be convened to crmpare IM '''"'' --"---'— •-■' 

cd^ected notes, and conftir apwa d^e fbUorohnaes; ^ram^nteftMvft? 

yienil Bufagect." If «ome aUB wlvo- lomea) are in Uie ri iii r i lm i l i t ii i l jl 

leUe iwoidd c^ the attention of dwae MtmchtHer, yAmt |AM b jinwfif 

hitereited in the history of i^nMifaire, HmintWott&'a Manbantemb, or'HIi' 

Md concentfate their AzertJaos on tha ton of JKhiKbeater, fa M9. fo'At 

•boK fJan, it would inlallibiy eMwa lioniy at TowhWHiII are ^apfrf^ 

the attainment of this moat Msinbh ed the Townley h8S. consia^pg '4t 

vbiect tweni ' ' ■ ■ * 

The principal works published on lio. _ . ... 

its general history are those of Mr. enquirIesafter,andcou1dnM{earn A<^ 

Houseman, Mr. Brittoi), and «ha fate. Holf a Collections for LiTerpool 

"Fragroent3"of Mr. Gr(»;son, which (see your Mag. for nQi.fif- gSj.JSt} 

your CiuTespondeiit alludes to; the are in the possession dfMattliewWM* 

work of the latter gentleman is a son, esq. F.A.S. of liTerpoot. ttu 

storehouse of interesting and recondite gentleman's own coHections conafat m 

tnaterials, principally publiahed from severs;! large folio volumes, to whMl 

MSS. which will be highly valuable he has latdy added a beautifiil MS«>. 

to the future histOTian. The weli'di- lio volume, which he putehised at the 

BeMed History of Wballey, and the sale of the late Rev. Rogcra Hudin^; 

bnFned (me of Manohester, will fur- it coonsts of 383 jiagea, neatly wTrt* 

niahavaluableportion, — works, whilst ten, entitled "Qucatus Comitoh^que 

th^ fully develope the geniua and sru- Palatini Lancastrix, necnon )>ossc»- 

dituin of their audiOFS, are lasting me- sionum priviluiorutn^Uc ah andqw 

moriab of legret, that those splendid perttnentium, iflusttatto. 'Ex ^t^nfit 

UlenU which were peculiarly filled to RcKis in Tune Lonif reposttia nCtita 

ihe task, were not devoted to supply et depronipta,-" vvidl RcnealogiculW 

^e wisbed-for desidaralum. To the 1iles of the Dnkes cu Lancaster, >Bb^ 

lUtove may be added, the more feeUe 8:c. 

«4s of iLeigh's Lancashire; Rautb- Several MSS. relaliveto the geoea- 

tnell'sOverborough; West's Funiess; logical departmetit are deposited in 

Eafwld, Wallace, Moss, Cony, and the Cheetbaoi LibrarT,.4he tn«(caa of 

Kay's Liverpool ; Aikin, Aston, which purchased the late Mr. Thomas 

Folkner, and Leigh's Manchester! Barrifa colIecdotiB. 
Cbrke's Lancaster; Button's -Black- The Percival collection of Pedigrees 

PK'iW!iiS'"«iinti''Karw»», ■ 

I,' fctherWsii " ' ■ ■ .- 

^jfclUjMfUl]' iha tuoour uhinad hj, h 

]Uif pIMCipiHf of bi* viitDe* (ad cwtmple 9f 

UMire, which ouebc doably to nbnce (hen uqi ooomit." 
to OR, Gn(, in k«piiig tliu t«iideH]rwh<eli 

tbcif ilUMtcrfi ptirt4iHai] M dtEcaldrt ""d .Th"* " '■"' genu™ purpo* tf'lw 

M (bow tbtuntn* tb« troe hcin of rach raldrj, ■nd iti honoara. ' ' - 

•loble ipiriu io thur dua imiutiimi el (hoM I coald add K*en1 quotatbin ttotl 

-renomial drtuei. Therefore it U the bnt Nrabet, Claii, and other*, bot wHI 

j/tfuiiaam w. Either cia Imvc hi* mid, to b*- condude thii part of kit faUcct wilr 

taduA hun ths gloij of hii nuiiti with tha mb from GntUilu'i " DUldaT,'* »BI**« 

Am« of gentllitj, ud th* l«t hooDur the reference to Toqr own p«r«. 

MM. Ml. do to the decewed parent ii to wo- ]„ GuilHm, fith edirinn. t7t*, *. 

#fc«h»™™ ioth.t*.i.K.h«:hhi.»- 6, of the Introduction, it Httatrfdit 

-cMWon left tinn, aod b; unitktiBf the fu- > ,, 

Mae thM ohteiaed it, to preeene it without " Thoee tbM war* Ib oomntBd la |M 

f.itaiD.' Which coniidentioa hath been Hul* Wan, aod did oe* iaelgDia or, ann a> 

the oenuon to itlr up nwaj guMnm m- their baBnari, eUaldi, or amcoati, did (^M 

till to ■ uabla coDteolioa and oominaadula titeir rttuni lirau that HiTice, althte laa^a 

anulatiini, to eult the worlhinaa of thair and take tiioaa devtoii ■■ their dne, OT ell* 

bmiliti' dune." had ind^anc* (ron tlvir Som^n st iie 

He then refer* to Sir John Fer™". ^t^ to ba.rth«». IWfHfltfM 

u««,tie," printed iSSfi ; e:tt«ct. from ^XSCtJ^ rfLlTafflw 
which would be loo long here, and uochdiatwit iialj iliili ■«wiiwiiM*M 
'ihen add., '■ to obtain estate of gcnti- Sqq« thanaeof lhw»dq«taglhrtrli«i,»iii 
ftly hj Learning, is teiy honourable thor baoc* did the aaaie, glarjte'lfe M- 
CcrUinly, but lo iicbieve it by Eeivice tfaiig »o nueh ai iboaa npaa a>d pUaJf 
in his &iveTeizn's wars, (he defence of moaitnitioiwof il^r parMt*'|ii*9aMi«I^ 
Ate Church, King, and County, it of toa. Ndtbar did iba nwM eaaaa imif 
all most excellent and wurthy.'* for all, era thoea of .no kiik, pud' themi * 
Collins, in the Preface to ihe Peer- tevereoce, ■■ the enaisDi under which ihrii 
aa« observes religion end Ubertiet lied liern preeerved, 
' ' and valued their owoert a> the preeerven. 
" He «hn look. bMk on the fortune, of Tbi. time and uh hu imptOKcd into a cm- 
hie countiy, end net thet glorious tiling! tomuy, legd, end rigbtful eppropiitiw to 
hii anceiCim lieve done for iti how for tbej their iaiuea, and to tlieir detceadente, ead 
lure ventured, uid bow muoli tliey ba.o m none other in that na^on without the 
■uBered fur the tnke of it, and wlwt lioaour Aaemd ceniure of uinrpatiou. Yet, though 
tliej liive pained by their acbiei-eineots,— if we might receite the herediur; itee of anal 
anT thing can >tir up lucli a one to act "or- jmt after tlia HcJj War, it waa not aatb- 
thiiy, tliJa ceiuinly is wliat will be most bilibed or made geneiti uBtil the time U 
likely so to do. And we mey ronclude thet King Henry III/'^ 

penon to be [wsl all lenie of honour, ell ^ , „ 

impretsioni of virtue, who ii not wrought See also Feme, Camden'* He- 

on by •uch m,.ti>'ei to a deilre of im- maines, and Gem. Mag. IBIH, Ayril, 

tiling their Uuduble eiamptei." p. 343. 

Bnnks. in ihc Preface lo Im "Dor- What virtues are necewiiy to enno- and !■ xliiicl Baronage of Kng- '''* "'"'■ "*«" geoentl.on. .ItoiHd 

land " savs P^' ''^" " '^'*"'' I'*"*™ ""? <»*« 

', ' ' , . , should be ranked a* a gentleman of 

"Ifdignmeitodacendmliloodaiacon- i,,^^^ j „f„ „^3j„ ,„ ]„,^ 

ferred as a re««d for inentor.out «r.iee., f^„, gj, j^^^ ^^ ^,,„ ^.^,1^ ^ ^ 

*e"p^™n:b"d"mi7eo™n!:;;r:o""pr"rit/ r. •" ",*""" ' T"' '" ^'"''^'- s"'y 

y^.."! ^'' Country-, gretitnde, theiJ ^ ^^fl^" ^Ki: 

Sovereign's favoor, their forefelli 

Whatever consitleralious n 

and (lie duty incumbeni on tbemselvei not rrom tlie different circumftai^' rf 
to dehase tlicnisi-lvee hj their own dagene- «ociety_ al lllis day, compare^ wi^ 
racy. Merniilra of eminent men maybe enn- what it was in the feudal timely and 
tideied as maWiiatt essential (o tbe compo- which, if the praclice WWC Bl llmt^ 


iMklt f«U«dr tow *rfi*» torn 

•■h9ciM>p^.tB i...«:Uicm> Ifni 
MHitoVwWe iwithBajAaMyof 
aw <mty» «' »« origia of Stonai 
feMlgQi. but merely Bfuwer what J 
wnti Ae Btion of your Canespond* 
ent, as thej occur in hia letter. I sball 
M|9)l Qvn witfaoHt comnwDt the ex- 
&M t jdvGD by him from tlia letto of 
Mr. Greetheed, referriDg the xra of 
Sloneheoge to the Romaus ; I do thi», 
CODiidering him not aiunerable for 
fib erron of Mr. G., but then an 
Itwured^ do tenable ground* for attri- 
tntiag thU curious siruciarc to that 
paiqde. A. H. tben pioceedg to speak 
wt,.-and to reaun on, the number of 
•Mheii H they are at present in ritej 
1m *b|s, there are seventy-four, and 
Aat on this point ha was corroborated 
pn reference to another person ■ where- 
a* im reality their number is ninKj* 
, ^o, which 1 have been enabled to 
' SaceslaiD from repealed opportiiaities 
aif iBTeBtigBtion, as I reside within 
Md miles, and from reference also to 

ft very accurate model in my posset- ble the perbapf eoatempamj jp^mtifr 
lion i but amongst those stones, aa ants of these itles, eadow^ vrp mtjf 
lIvM erroneously numbered by A. H. auppose, with equill tmowlMBty Ip ft 

em are tiagments, two of the la^^t feet ibe fv lass wooder&il. tntwmrtft- 
instance, an upright of one of the tion of these alOIlM V(UA tlu ^W$ 
tiSithonsof the outer oval, and its im- Willshlra powns. ,. . 

post, are fallen, and each broken into A. H. wiil probably say, that ttlp 
three pieces i and I must farther ac- superior size of the stones at Stoite- 
quaiiit him, that this grand and vener- henga militates against the opinioa 
able ruin presents in many different that they were brought from thence, 
pints a deplorable hiatus, the original the scattered bowlders of those Downs 
■ftuation of many stones in succession, being of so much smaller size. Ip 
wbich were eBseniially necessary fw answer t/o this we may afer. that U» 
the completion of the structure, not largest were selected for the admirabls 
retaining even a fragment, eliam i^sm structures of Sloneheoge and Aburj, 
(HJsiB periere. From the great difK- the latter of which consisted of tnany 
miHy of numbering these stones and hundred stones; and thus the atonea 
fragments of stones, arising from their now lying od those Dowtu are in »• 
apparently confused slate, such an at- neral of a much smaller size than wEat 

tempt is often made a common amuse- were used for the above twp templqi. 

gieot, the result of idle and futile cu- Your Correspondent next asterls, 

riosity, but is not often succeeded in ; that the architecu of Stonehenge, aU 

it presents however no difficulty to though be admits that they poasessEJ 

one acquainted with the original skill in the construction of the ciiclf^ 

ground-plan; ihus, whether the stones, yet " thai they had no ikUl in tatlp' 

at at preient in nlu, are seventy-four, ture, either for ornametU, hemuu, ar 

or ninety-two in number, is perfectly use;'' that none of the gtones "aiteo- 

immatetial as a fact in itself, since no ufr the slighleil irafrtition t^ i^t thi' 

inference can be drawn from it, and it iciy that they ate all ji) (act " ihafitr 

ii unnecessary to refer to " temples «f leu, and are such at might ie tufipquil 

either Jewish, Greek, Roman, or Bri- talutve been set up in the stale i» Vmek 

lish architect ute." tiei/ were FOUNS*," " withoitt mfa*> 

A. H. next enters on the subject of — . . — . — _ --,— - 

the substance of the stones, which, I 

o inform him, consist of five distinct CoiraipDDiileiitsubuquentli'arEiMi ihsSttKj 
sfiecies; all the larger stones, being m the jHrodacHmiiAart. 

■Ai9f) tpc surrpunding i^aini «F- 
a, ^ hp-copjectures, a rewiy mir 
lqt.-lV9 Fiiclitioua stone. In thi> 
fionTiJV. H. alluda to the com- 
ftf,»tanes ur irillthon, which fell 
;yjear.l797, and which he states 
^'Wn patllcuUrly examined W 
diis is the only change which 
ccwned withio the memory .of 
and he speaks or one of these 
,a» being commonly called the 

tlUii but it so happens there nH.7. , 

w*s a stone thus conir3-di9tln< Yours, kc. EdwaM* |hrK% 

4\ the ajtar-stone ever lay on ^ . 

□iuld in the inmost leceas of the ^ 

fival, being the portion of the Mr. U«ba»i 

a elegantly and emphatically de- f N an article whici 

lated by Siukeley, the lanclum l pletued to insert i 

wn. el tef. I hare said tha 

Vre thus, Mr. Urban, endeavour- decline of raita and 

refute in order the errors of A. H, modem Literature, II 

ave refrained, as I before said, to insert them, Jl will 

■iving any opinion of my own as riesof papers, illuitn 

; origin of Stonehenge; it is a jecl, under the nami 

on on which we may " talk brbbv. , 

it and about ii,'' but it must ItisnowafarouritBdoctrine, ^^^ 

eqiain -a mystery for develope- I bear through the ConUncnt, at i^$ 

an igrtii Jaluut for Antiquaries, as in England, that we live in jtn |M 

xplicable riddle for the enquiring of comparative Utumtnaliim. llie tool- 

01 man. Nevertheless, Mr. Ur- ish world repeat it, beliefing it; htf 

here is no reason why tile cu- it is set afloat by ihoie, who hava me 

md the learned should not pur- deepest design in it, — not because the^ 

leir enquiries; the collision of believe it to be true (for manyof (hem 

n ever tends to elicit learning, know better), but because it is intend- 

ncrease knowledge. "Truth, " ed (o conceal those sources of ancient 

le ancients, lies in the bottom of wisdom which would detect their false 

;" let not, therefore, the learned doctrines. 

ie able sit down in apthy, but Upon the mention of the reco- 

•m act vigorously, and however very of the fragment of Cicbko 

he well, make their best endea- De Republica, as matter of exulta- 

to draw her forth. tion, a literary man, whose opinions 

lOugh I refrain at present from hold a sway in Euroue, said to me, 

leclaring niy predilection for any " I cannot think it ot^ any interest! — 

' the many hypotheses as to the The greatest genius in the ttme of Ci- 

nd founders, and purpose, of this c«ra could have but a very imperfect 

ible and venerable structure, yet idea ofpolifici I It is not till the pri- 

t beg leave to be the precursor sent day ihatwe have known any thing 

lovel hypothesis entertained by upon those subjects!" 

[eniy Brown of Amesbuiy, and Let interest and ignorance clamour 

. he is about to impart to the against the laudator lempwu aeli aa 

by a work which is now in the much as they will, the superiority of 

In his opinion, a too modern the past ages to the present, in. point 

19 been hitherto assigned by all of taste and erudition, is quite incon- 

. to the Temple of Sionehenae testible : and a mainpart ofit is owing 

bury, and in his publication he lojalte criiitiim. £\ery one r eiiri iii - 

it toadvancc his arguments, that bers what Grag wrote to Maton about 

re of antediluvian structure. It Reviewert. It is ten times nwreap. 

for me to anticipate them, and I plicable to the present day. 

. from stating whether they have Then as to Polilici, it u a noble 


Theri Hie ta^ ^ Mli^ 

.^; M] dlieils$iotiii ; fit did 

(^ 4fy ana. trifiitig faetSi whiA 

hot prtftt io false pocitiy. 

it«m of exaggerated feelid^; 

ittoof inapiil^ ; <' ^Ae eoniorhans 

fke 8yW» Mhout the inspkatiml,'* 


There U an endearou^ to make our 
iffpittf a.poetr^ of M&ierialisM. Bat» 
alter aH, genuine atid high sentiment^ 
';aai4 lofty thought, are more valuable 
WUi Itttjgsrfi — and indeed presupliose 
.Iritfrtiataaand iujipiring tmi^ry in th^ 
wHter's odiiid. 

\;,Sttt in poedcal pleasure to iht 
VMDDOsitions of the few ready ^at 
^tem» are those occasional productkms 
Ul itnc of inen of grand talents pot 
jfiofetting to be poets, and therefor^ 
jpree (lom those poetical artifices, by 
^bicb spcond-rate poets in the endea- 
(t to improve^ debase what they at- 

^_;h men of talents, roused by some 
^l^5CIaental fervour above their usual 
*"' "te; Caretessly burst out into strong 

ihes of frank and untutored elo- 

5. They are never flowery : they 

^£re too much in earnest to struzgle 

iX^t technical ornaments. Lord Es- 

1^, Sir Hen. Wotton, Sydney Godol- 

^Min, Charles Cotton (the father), Lord 

Falkland, &c. and even Lord Bacon, 

sometimes wrote in this way. There 

are many such poems among the early 

Wi-iters of Latin poetry afier the revi- 

ral of Literature. Wnen the late Sir 

Charles Hanbury Williams wrote his 

best, he wrote in this way. I allude 

Especially to a poem on Sir Robert 

Walpole, in wliich there are some 

b^utiful lines. 

^ill we can bring back poetry to aU 
appeal to the understanding, and the 
lihSophisticated heart, as well as to a 
'part and simple imagination, it will 
^nly deserve the name of an empty 
and corrupt pursuit. 
' It ought to make us conversant With 
ihe beautiful and the grand: — atid 
fheVefbre it makes us conversant with 
'the ugly and the monstrous ! — This is 
tb pursue merit by the rule of centra- 

But not only is the poetry uninte- 
fWting, which has no reference to 
Kfe : that poetry is worse than unin- 
teresting;- — it IS strongly objection- 
able, which encourages delusive views 
of life. s. 3. 

Gent. Mao. June, 1823. 

€k^ MMmm MMM 

pfoneftesi io JkteHbfiUt, IftSUk'ik 
ceriem ishvkmuui^ hchsmU ib 
chardtiMie ths kui^itn int^Mt, 

THE aytnptthiei whteh ajbea^ to 
have rilled in the boiBorii ifCt^ 
teinrfmafid» have, donbtleii, fo(rt4 4 
place iti the hearts of mtdtHodet #ft6 
nave cotttemf^ed grciatneis of iMUfe- 
ingandofvtews i|icAtlranceflftDr8thrM|g& 
the meditrii of thdr works, — bad $M 
utttenable upopihe basb of the^ped- 
ence bf all ms,— when he fiivoiirs thfc 
Idea that anivenai equatihf sholild ptt' 
vade mankind, if justice and rMt te 
establisned in the isarih. For aftnooi ~ 
it may possibly b^ allq;ed that 
hntnian being is bj nature aKfce 
titled to the same immohitief ai Vb 
neighboiJr»' it is Certain that itim, Uk 
a state of sbeiety, ctMd not so eidtfl^ 
some mtist be Siioordiiiate« and varioi^ 
walks in manilers» in geniiis, aM in 
thinking, as W^\ as in tempers aM^Ugu 
positions, charaeterlz^onr 8peekts»drttlb 
Dusiness of life eould not prcudbed. V 
all, for histance, were to pdan, whe^ 
should we fiiid individuals to cKectU r l 
— if, on th6 other hand,- every rnUfflfi- 
l^eht agent were occupied in perform- 
ing, there would hardly be leisure fbr 
those gifted understandings — whosb 
province it is to elicit plans for ih6 
moral and political improvement of 
the aggr^te whole — to pursue th'e 
traii^s of their intellectual association. 

The equoHty, therefore, spoked of 
by M. Volney, and so enthusiast icalty 
hailed by all the French philost>ph&9 
of that age, is extravagant In theory 
and utterly incapable ofbeing ^ednt^ 
to practice. 

it will probably be thought by ibi 
readers of the book in otteStioui that 
thie invocation amidst *' a conntlelfe 
nmltitude of superb columhs tthd ma^ 
nrficent edifices, while the ground was 
covered on all sideS with fnigmeaitS dC 
similar building cornices, capitals, 
shafts, entablatures, and pilastm, aU 
constructed bf a marble of admtniUe 
whiteness, and exquisite workmai^ 
ship,'* is imposing. 

But it will also be observed, thal-ki 
^ his immediately subsecpient medtt»- 
' Cions he is too indiscriminately eulo- 
gistic of the ancient grandeur of save* 
ral ot the nations of vrhich he speaks, 


CCeeil IHipcfB.^ 



■tindad-tlM. ntMHMS aad Mfeflfln o£ aB 
witokp^rmmf mi |bww wltft fi^Ni wfi^ 

a mott fii^Mvomp^ busliiiodi » tender ao4 
itio^Koiit &fi^er^ honoiured ai)4 ^loy^d up 
Blp» Ikiott 8in<^i]Blj lamented in death* 

VHer9 ilfQ if interred the body of M»n 
raffiiMy biB beioTod wife, wbo died April 
^^Miy 1756^ in tbe 77th je^r of }ka tige, 
A rnntaon of iinaffBcted piety and exam- 
pttfj ptfudenoe. A pattern of eonji^ ao4 
xnatenial alfeetion. In bononr of sneb p»» 
tmHB and anob Tirtiies, tbeir affSBCttonate 
ehiUben have gmtefbUy inacribed tbu ttona 

tp t^ir munoiy. 

On ^ flat stone> withoat the rails : 

laaacos MiHee, A.M. bujus Ecclesise p^r 
i^gitttt Annov pott Mortepi Patris Vicarioit 
noe ma per cjuidem temporit ^»tiii|ii^ 
B«eto(r Farochin de St.PiDnoch« obiit zzti« 
die KovembEis mdcclxvi. Anno ^Stetia 


P.S. Erratum in Bond's "Hbtorf- P?n^ of th#l I kawe dooe^ ?«f to,% 
cal Skefchc?," p. ^4. 1. 3. for Mkm 3«»w»H; «Wu?* f?f^ ^ ,#f 
teUck, read /ifMitig iw/e, signif^ng a ^V w»tiwiit of lOwrtv : for I itinifor 

composition, or compcnsatfon in Ileii **»« «^^*S?* ®^ "^.^T^ •f *** 


Right Honmuable, my vcfy gf^gd )U>|ri| 

Thfii I am no more Imdly hao^M 
I impute, nepct nntp pod, to your hp^ 
poomble. flood wiU and ftfopri fiir, 
allboogh I am aMwed tM the ttm^ 
I look iiibaiiilisgpQdaiirflioi»e8i,Mi 
I beUere thai, beanies your LArdmjp 
fioi that hoQpmbk person, mr aoBtt 
I hava oarer an lionoiirabie mmiL b^ 
no nitrval ; for d^e bttl causes tcMnl^ 
^nd tbe mast friends, mfonfSAflimf* 
Mig matiy» and those mif^ty encmiaf , 
I sae no cania in my consoieoee to C|i^ 

vadon of pajblie Justipaand the lihefr 
ties of my country against wrong anl 
opfuassion) being Mrwlaoatent at l|Ar 
Mtjmj'B good pfeasnra and oomnyaMiP 
meat (whom I beseech God long in 
preserve in all princely felicity) to sof- 
ter and abide much more. jBkU I had 
thought that the Judges Ecclesiastioal 
(being charged in the Crreat Counail 
of the Realm to be dishonovrers of 
meut, was pleased, in the House of God and her Majesty, Tiolators and 

Mr. Urb A N, June 1 1 • 

'TpHE following letter of a rea/pa- 
i triot, in the reign of Queen Eli- 
zabeth, to his friend the Lprd High 
Treasurer Burleigh, may deserve a 
place in your useful Miscellany; more 
especially as a modern patriot, of cou* 
siderable talent, but perverted judg- 

* He was likewise Recorder of Colchester in Essex, and Representative of that Bo- 
rough in the Parliameuts of tbe 97th, 88th, Slst, and S5tb of Elixabe^i On the 87tb 
of February 1593-3, he spoke in the House of Commqna a^^st the severities praotiaed 
|>y tbe Ecclesiastical Courts ; and propofed two Bills to remedy tbe evils fif wbicb b^ bad 
complained. For this just exercise of senatorial right, be was, on tbe following day, aeized 
|>y a Serjeant at Arms in tbe House Uself^ #nd committed to prison ; irfaence he made Cba 
ai^bf equent noble appeal to tbe upright minister of the incensed Queen. Hia oonfineiMBt, 
however, was probably not of long contini|ance ; for, in the IbUownig October, k mppetn 
that Uiis able Lawyer and real Patriot wm named to $be Qiisea by the Bail ofFaiea as 
one well qualified for tbe then vacant o£ee of A^mey Qepeyal. f Her M^jes^ (fm ^bst 
^^1 reporto in a letter to Mr. Anthony Bapon >) acknovledgefl bja gif^ ; bot 9tfid bis 
apeaking against ber, in such manner as b# had done, abould be a bar against ai|y ff^i^tr 
xaent at her hands." — Mr. Morice died Febn^ry 8| 1696-7, m bit fifky-mnth yaar^ st bis 
seat of Ongar Castle, in the county of £ss^ ; vrbers 1^ h*4 \^n npnoi|r^ l^y a ywt.bffUfk 
the Queen, July 16, 1579 '. 

t His second son, Sir Robert C^cil, Knt*s vbo in 15ag vaa appointed Seeretopr nf 
State, and in the following reip was created Earl ot Salisbury. On tbe occadipn icRrrtd 
to, Sir Robert thus spoke of Mr. Morice in the House qf Conimont. — ff He is J^afBd and 
wise, and one wbom I love '." 

I Given in Birch's Memoirs of the Reign of Queen ^izabetb. 

* Account of the Queen's Progresses, published by jifr. Nicbolt . 
5 Dewes's Journal, p. 476. 


■ liii uni yibliaheci ^workt ham aimd^ Hi fckilijimi jiilrti rf TJihuj 

■ mkmA tor him a distioguMhed papula- «iA Intetr tlit mm» /m^^ 

■ wmHk diU oseftil branch of litenfme. ilMHip mA «i piiMM|r mmBmi 

■ »l»*tnd8t essential Map« are t^rtn in ^ •!** *» ■•■•» ■•^ •''•**" 

" th^ London re-print, and some correct g^ ^'« ^'f*- .^ ^ J"^ •• i' 

Views of remarCable places are added. f«V^ •'HR* ^IT^^'^f^'^^'S^ 

* : Weareatalossfiowbesttoaflorf ^2^"::^ SiiSSi ^f^ 

^ our readers a specimen of this mulu- J^ N««t to As fkM^mmlti^^ 

iiirious compendium of American Geo- ^^^^^ ^ l^j^ ,^ ^^^ ,^^^ nniiiorwii !■ 

graphy. The fdlowing extnicU wiU th. n,iddle sMat, pnttedidy fai Pbad«H. 

Sve some idea of the manner m which imnk. N«s to thtM «e sht Dotsh* vbi 

c truly valuable information is con- an aMMt nt * mf n v m in Nmr Yofk Thi 

denaed. The style of the work is neat French eonttitote newly half the popdirtian 

and perspicuous^ and making allow- of Louisiana. Vciy littk is lotomi al^put 

aqces for the occasional asperities which tha Indians West of tlia Bfiasiaii^ppt Th0 

the undutiful Columbia uses towaids ^^ principal tribaa on tha East of (1» 

her parent England, exacerbatod, »C«iM«Ppi^Me tl» Cwda, Oioctowi, Ch*- 

perhaps, by the severe castigations iSS!* v ,. . ^^^'^ .^^,^^Jr* 

which she has received from the Quar- "^^^ ]«J»«» ©^ G«28»^ Alabama, Mfan 

teriy Review, it offers a favourable "~W' ^ Tamiaasea. 

pipecimen of American literature. The following account of Havaooah, 

<< Ckmate. The territory of the United the capital of Cuhth ao if laq^ of 90 

States, extending over 84 degrees of lati* much commereial and pwitiad i|ii« 

toiiey presents, of coarse, a great variety of portanoe to the Spaniaids, and equally 

fdiinate. A general remark, however, may the object of cupidity to French AM 

tm made, that the whole of the country English, may be firaod intenstiiMt al 

Bast of the Rocky moimtainsUmochooldtt the present moment. 
tlian m the same paralleu m Europe i and 

the diffnenee has been commonly estimated ** Hwrannahy tha laigtat toins In Gdba» 

mm equivalent to eight or ten degrees <if hti* is on tha North side of ihm jsiand,' abMft 

ttrie. The country between the All^hany eigh^ Isagnca £rom Gapa San Astoniaii I|i 

laouotains and the Mississippi, is general^ harbour ia one of the bask hi the woM^. 

■aore temperate than to the East of them, being deep enough for vessek^if the largisS 

£y recent observations it appears that class } sufficiently capacious to receive a 

South-west winds are most prevalent, which thousand ships of wur ; and so safe, that 

temper the climate, and render the weather vessels ride securely without cable or anchor. 

iBore mild and equable ; although both heat The entrance is by a channel half a milt 

Mad cold occasionally go to great extremes, long, so narrow that only a single vessel can 

In the flat country of the Soutliern states, enter at once, and forti€ed through the 

the summers are hot and unhealthy ; the whole distance with platforms, works, and 

months of July, August, and September are artillery. The mouth of this channel is 

here denominated the sickly season, but the secured by two strong castles, as seen Sn 

rest of the year is generally mild and plear the annesced plate : one on the East sidt> 

saut. In New England, the climate is called the Moro Fort, built in the form of a 

ficalthy, but in the spring of the year bleak triangle, fortified with bastions, and mount- 

mod piercing East winds prevail, which are ed with 40 pieces of cannon, almost levial 

"vtery disagreeable. In Florida, the climate with the water. On the opposite side oi 

is nvourahle to the production of tropical the channel lies another strong fort, caOad 

droits : and it is supposed that coffee, cocoa, the Puntal, joining to the town, which is 

and sugar may be raised there abundantly, situated to iba westward of the entranoa ef 

The sugar-cane flourishes in Louisiana as the harl)our, and is surrounded by ramparta» 

high as the parallel of 30° N. lat. The bastions, and ditches. Besides these forti- 

vine is cultivated successfully in Indiana, fications, the city is surmounted with worksy 

•ad it may also be cultivated in some parts all of them furnished with artillery even to 

of Virginia, the Carolines, Kentucky, and profusion. A square citadel is erected sear 

Tennesse. Beyond the Rocky Mountains tlie centre of the town, called £1 Fuerte * 

the climate is similar to that of the West thb work has also heavy cannon^ and h^ 

of Europe in the same parallel." the treasures of the government ava depo- 

" Population. The population of the sited. The shape of ilie town is aamir 

United States in 1790, was 8,949,St6; in circular, the diameter being linsmed by die 

1900, 5,805,6*66; in 1810, 7,289,908; and ahore. It centaina 11 churehes, all riehly 

im I8t0, 9,638,SS6, of whom, 1,581,486 ornamented, several moaasteriM and 9qtf 

-w«t« slaves. The population increases very vents, 9 hnapilala, and nimeioaa eihir 

««gnlariy at the rate of about 8 per cent, public bnildiny* The ooMmiroe of, the 

'•per aanwDy doubling in less thaaSd ymn» town ie more extensive thk«L that of Miy 

Edit." proposition to be made to U9, tbat we 
„, — ,. , I 1.' 1' c slioiilil be Hivited to see the wild beasts 

The Editor conclades his digest of ^^ ^^^^^^ .(.^^ j„ ^ -^ j^ 

American Geography and Stai sties, jctiption. Yet such is the univenal 
with some reflections on the pohlical, defect of books of travels. Wears 
nioral, and religious beijefits l-kely lo ^.^n^ „ ji„^ „^ j^iH^ ^.f f ,„j (^ 
accrue Irom the various changeswtlicn 
have been made, and ace still opetat- 
ing in South America. 

107. Lellenfiom Mecklenburg and Hol- 

(tciu, comprising an Account of the Free 

Cities o/Huoburg loid Lubect. miUea 

Ml (fie Summtr of 1880, Bji George 

Downea, A. B. laU of Trinity College, 

Dublin. Sui,pJ).351. T«>lur end Heuey. 

BOOKS of Travels, if judiciously 
writtcD, are most gratifying, because 
they contain novelty. We read them 
witn the same feelines, as we would 
gf> to see a show. If they ate not com- 
.BOted of interesting matter, it is the 
fvjlt of the Writer. So far as they 
contttn ifitirs of manners and ottHORi, 

MJgQ VLEnmm.'^Bp.ttorgman OrmkOrigMtQfiHm l^mmtl tgff 

Khoirerer made, by varkMis d<3i^U hit emmiU . kmbg jmd tabaH rjtt 

4f»ltt of the peasantry, in w&h iNrfcnoe of tiw Iwtitniii tWil-«pirihrtli<i 

we see sentiment, sincerity, and feel- ofthat Girafcbi^of fiMi^li(lto«a'Jltii* 

'Mg. in their native garb of beauty, partaqt pillar, tesaoae he 4<WoBrttij|p 

fowli ng mth iieaitb ; not their aickly what the iAJiOBtie* did he(foM.tlhgH 

'niwpsenliitivea of compliment, pro- ttmmously "maintab sound fiudr^Ml 

UMion, and. ceremony, when trained pttnciples. With exceeding wotttm^ 

hnjiti, and mere masquerade disguises we see, however,. the Qua^eriy-rQa^ 

^ pure selfishness. To these are added viewers (men hi^y to be reipfietrtlk 

^wraes of various merit, mostly good, lately striving to write down this eawet 

i/a^ all drawn from soul. lent Prelate, upon grounds widkh «p^ 

^The Ingle [fire] side, and the in our dislike of onnecessarily dtvtitnu| 

jQimieward Hymn are sweet ; but we a house against a house, canotot admit 

shall give the address of the Jingler to be founded upon oomnum sense; 

fthe poetical companion], to his nrst for accusations more iVivcknis wrcfc 

lA>ve, whom he finds on his pilgrimage never brought forward, as will appear 

tp his native land, a wife and mother, almost by the bare enumeration of 

•* It was you, Christy, you 
First warm'd this heart, I trow — 
Took my stomach frae my food- 
Put the devil in my blood — 
• fl/iMAd my doings out of season, 
k . Made my thmkings out of reason, 
i it was you, Christy lass. 
Brought the Jingler to this pass." 

«< An' Christy, fiuth, I see 

- 'By the twinkle o' thy ee, 
Jkn' Christy, lass, I fin 

By a something here within— 

- ** That tho' ye've ta'en anither. 
An tho' ye be a mither. 
There's an ember in us yet. 
That might kindle — ^were it fit. 

** Then fare ye weel, my fair ane. 
And fare ye weel, my rare ane, 
I once thouglit, my bonny leddy, 
That thy bairns wou'd call me deddy 

** But that bra* day's gane by — 

Sae happy may ye lie. 

An canty may ye be, 

Wi' the man, that sou'd been me." 

them. This -we do, beeanse his Lotd- 
ship has himself touched upon them 
(pp. xxxii— xliii). 

AccusaHon the first. Griesb|ich hav- 
ing pronounced the well-known veiM 
of 1 John, y. 7 C' there are three th^l 
bear record in Heaven,^ &c.]|, to hi 
spurious, the Bishop has noaintainid 
the contrary^ In this efiGart the Qnis^ 
terly Reviewers say, that hehas/oiUf 
by which we are to understand^ that 
his Lordship has not given that dtraol 
phyrsical proof of black and wbiti^ 
which does not exist; but procaedlp 
l^ ihe only proof which was,, imte 
the circumstances, practicable. lUtm 
it is a rule with us, if we see a man 
with one leg, to think that he was ori- 
ginally born with two; and yet that it 
may be absolutely impossible for us, 
after his death, to know how he lost 
one of them. If St. John has thought 
proper to particularize and personally 
distm^ish the Holy Spirit (as descepdU 

P. 39, 40. >ng, like a dove) at the baptism of 

In Willy and Helen we have, 

** Will it be time to praise this cheek. 
When years an' tears has blencht it ; 

Win it be time to talk o' love, 

When canld an' care has quencht it. 

He's laid ae han' about her waist, 
The ither's held to heaven ; 

And his luik was like the luik of man, 
Wha's heart in twa is riven." 

Christ ; and also to say, that God the 
Father no man hath seen or can see ; 
we verily think it probable, that sudl 
a text might have existed \ because, if 
a mai\ elsewhere mentions nostrils,. we 
suppose it possible that he may^niO^ 
have denieu the existence . of noses* 
We speak in no levity. We are obliged 
to use only strong ngures to expmin 
our meaning, because our limits are 

scanty ; and, knowing as we do, that 

109. The Greek Origiruil of the New Testa- spine <>/ ^^ Epistles of St. John have 

mmt asserted: in Answer to a recent descended to us in a mutilated sUte, 

PulfUcaiim, entitled, " Palteo-Romaica" we do not see how the Bishop can be 

By Thomas Burgess, D.D. F,RS, KAS, said to have failed in an undertaking 

and F,R.S.L, Bishop of St. David's, vrhichhe never meditated ;uaimtiy,proo£ 

9vOfpp,5i. from the ej7/friMi/ evidence, whereas 

THE Bishop of St. David's, very he expressly disavows (Vindicatipfi, 

meritoriously in our opinion, has used Pref. viii.) any such mode of treatiiig 
GsNT. Mag. jT/n€, 1823. tha 


^^Ih« Bishop € it a iekijMflo i ^ I " 

'Vittdicattort <rt 1 Jobn, -y; 7. ft ^««« J w 

Ms, that certain penons have thought y«/f. 
^fife td ni^opagate a notion, that the ConcriWng .k . thefefbit t ame btmtiA' 

*^eir main support b» that Latin was igms faluus of Ladn being the ongltiil 

^ Vernacular language of the whole of the New Testament, we beg to iBtd|» 

S^Oman empire. Two great blunden here, with expressing our sinxsem M<> 

aeem to have led to this opinion. One spect for the AiXMtolical zeal and ari^ 

u, that the Scriptures were intended vity of his Lbniship. 

Iffom the first for indiscriminate pe- ^ ^ .» 

nml This b not the fact. In the T%ePrcgrme,andJhimeProciMA^ 

? Disputatio Francisci Baldumi,'* nre- 'Zr QueeT^SZk Jhi^ vSdSm^ 

fixed td the Cambridge edition of « Mi- iiurspmed other uOm^, pmc «- 

fittcms Fehx," 8vo. 1707, p. 34, it w p^ndilim, and rmarkabie evaUs, Airtiy 

aaid, that the primitive ChrisUans did the reign qfthaiiUuiinoittPrinfieti. (M- 

not converse concerning the sacra- Ueledfrm, Original Mamteer^, iet^' 

naents and mysteries of their religion, PamjMetSf CorpraiionRecorAf ParfkihM 

in the presence of the uninitiated ; and, Reguten^ && %te, Obutraied wUk Mh 

di course, the New Testament was ioneal Notes, My JohnliUMkt F.iiA. 

not a work of indiscriminate access. Load. EdinU. «firf Perth. JnemBHiimtif 

The authority quoted is the following: *»SvoU. 4io. NkhoU M^Selu -' 

- "Theodoritus Cyrensis Episcopus, in . ^^ ^ may venture to use a Mhl 

dialogis, quibus JBronwte nomen dat, Dla- %»>^e we would call the reipi of Hl- 

logb 1 1 , pag. 1 59, ed. Lips, ita orthodoxum ^abeth the Paxthenon of British Royal^. 

inducit Eranistae de S. eucharistia interro- and herself the Miiienra of OUT nwi^ 

gaati re8]H»ndentem : • xp^ '«?•" M«<'y* deities, whose colossal Statue, like tfiAt 

Minos tfctf Ttvoit afAvftr^s vapitvat, Non deceit of Phidtas» ennobled the £ibrick. TlbiA 

eiperte hqui: /ortassis adsunt mystertis nanf Henry the Eighth, her father^ in iJSm 

dummitiaii, RehitEnnistea, cuvtj/Mnruiim variety of his amours, and th^'artf^ 

«i amouptets irru. Proponatur ergo in forma irary use of his thunder, lorded it, arflk 

ienigmatis responsio." Cellarius. Jupiter, in the British Olympus, thcr« 

The second mistake is, that Greek can be no doubt 1 and if he did not ac- 

ivas not a familiar language. Here tually suffer labour-pains in the head 

we antiquaries can show the importance to give birth to this Daughter, he cer- 

of Archaeology. Suetonius, Horace, tainly felt them severely in regard to 

and Classical Authors without end, getting rid of the Motner. Upon a 

disprove the absurd notion. But it is visit years ago to Havering Bower, a 

utterly unnecessary to multiply quota- most delightful spot, the following 7m- 

tions. Borlase says (Cornwall, S4) perfect distich, whence derived we 

** it was the universal fashion of the know not, was there mentioned: — 

world to write in Greek, two or three that Henry VHI. was at Havering, 

centuries before the time of our when Anne Boleyn was executed, and 

Saviour.'' He is a modern ; but Cicero was walking upon a terrace, belonging 

also gives the coup de grace to the whole to the palace, at the time of the unfor- 

notion of Latin being the vernacular tunate Queen's decapitation. By the 

language of the Empire, in the follow- firing of ^uns, or some signal, he had 

in^ words, in his Oratio pro Archi4 the speediest intelligence of this despi- 

Poetd ; and we are happy to add it to cable assassination, and immediately 

the Bishop's store. exclaimed, 

** Nam si quis minorem ghrice fruclunt . —here I stand, 

Ctat ex Grsecis versibus percipi, quam ex As jolly a widower, as any in the land." 

tinis, vehementer errat. Propterea We will not say, with Strabo (L. ix J 

QUOD Grjeca leguntur in omnibus fere that it rained gold when this our Mt- 

oENTiBus ; Latina suis FiNiBus ExiGuis ncrva was born, as it did npon the ace 

SANE continentur." P. 390. Ed. fol. p^arance of the goddess ; but we assert 

Lond. I6'8i. that it was attended with the eslablish- 

Suetonius de Grammaiicis gives ment of the Protestant Religion, aii4 

ample proof of education in Greek, the birth of Commerce, llie first cir- 

among the Romans. In short, the cumstance is well understood ; the se- 

^irert mm planets. ' and justifiable tilbktitiHe for W'lralft 

^^he^speare knew the age and iieff expoided upon sopefsdtkids tridil ]* ' 

gjVeattiess too well to make her, at his ^ The estabHsltmeht id)d miMyTV^ 

snrfu) peril, directly or indirectly the jng by an Archbishop of Canteifb|uC 

mbject of a drama: but no loss has in the l6th century, are curloaiC/.TC 

been sustained. In the admirable novel would be characteristick in Uie pr^* 

^' Kenilworth the portrait is exact ; sent day of a laige boaidii^hotii^'llil 

tiid> if we there see her in romance, hotel. ^ («- 

with the addition of very cunous m- ,,,,4,5^ fown his Royil MLW?! m 

tmnation, m the text ana notes, con- i^viag fbny retunevf » but ha had •ffmi 

^fming the manners of the times. many mora, asin^nrs from the fcitS^S 

-'-Som^'of these we shall extract, as Chacrae-roIlofhltHoaaahoId: ^^ 

llfilitdtically instructive. Every body *' Hb ChaaeaUor, whh alloiiaMa of dinf 

iMdwsthat the Poor Laws commenced Serraati. 

ttk the reign of Elizabeth ; but they do ** The Sfeswaid tOL wages, with tiro MIn 

IJdt kpow, that wisdom and piety, not ""d two Geldings, 

necessity, produced them. Dr. Cox, "The IWror JO maiks wages, wift 

Bishop of Ely, writing to the Parson ^""/^ "^ ^» Qddmgs. f^ 

itf Downham savs Controllar lOL wigei, wiOi one NAa 

Of i/ownnam, says, ^^ ^^ Gelding. * , 

""^ I must nedes eamestlie call upon you « ThesaSS Chief Officais; ■ >ri 

fifcwally and cherefolly to helpe yome poore « chj^ AUnooer, a PoctorJ 1^ ocIm 

BtMiboiUB, consideringe many causes thai Chaplena. 

oo^t to move you thcremito ; seil. Firs^ « p,^ Drewrie, tha Master of the Faa£ 

yewdelirered m mwrner from aU kind of ^es. The Doctors and ChapkunsateiTdiia 

wicked and ungodly beggars, as firpm frieia, m„ without any wages. 

perdows, charges of pycriraages, and deck- « Chief Seeratsry 80 aoblee wagaa.' mM, 

laga of images, and such like ; whereby ye q^^ j^^^^ ' -w^.T^r 

be the better able to comfort your poora t€ Students, Antiquariea, and Writais. ■•** 
nefehbours. Secondly, the Queue's M^ ** Gentlemen of tta Hone 4i, warns. "^ 
jestie, with her Counsel, do daily travaile to « Gentlemen Huishers two. Ska WMia; 

deUver you from valiant vagabonds md idle „d every one of them one Servant. ^^ 
beggars. Thirdly, her Majesty, by her said « Qf the Private Chamber, one Gentle- 

Counsell, bathe geven expresse commaimde- „^^ 3^ g^^ 8rf. ; three others ; Gentlemen 

ment, that the effect and matter of the sta- p^, Waiters, 16 or 14, every one of them 

tute for the provision of the poore shal be g^^ ,, Clerk of Kitchin 40*. warn, 

out in use... ...I require and charge ye, the ^^ ,,53 £^3. j^^ Cater 405. wages. 

Minister of the Church, the Churchwardens uji,^ Master Cook, Larderers, and 

and the CoUectors for the poore, to certifie p^g^j^,^ y^^^^^ ^^^ p . ^j^.^ ^^^ ^^^ 

ne, or my Chancellor, withm one moneth ^ ^^ ^^1,^^ 4^,^ ^^ ^1^^.^ ^^ 

mher the recite hereof, of the names of « Yeomen of the SquUlery and tw^ 

Shera, that gave wekely to the poore, and (Jro,„eg, ^ "' 

also the summes, and further the names „ y^^^^^ Usher of the Great Chamber 

also of them, that are able and yet will de- ^ ^ ^f ^^^ jj^„^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ 

part with nothmge. P. 257. « Yeomen Waiters eight. 

Thus it appears, that Poor's Rates " Yeoman 0£Eicers, two in every ofliee ; 

* << In the preceding year Archbishop Parker had the honour of being godfather ta 
the infant son of the Margravine of Baden, when the Queen was personally present si 
godmother. Another signal mark of the Queen's favour will be seen in the fbllowiag 
Letter from Lord Robert Dudley to the Archbishop : 

. << < My Lord, The Queen's Ma^i^ being abroad huntine yesterday in the Fcnrrest, and 
having had very good hap, besides great sport, she hath tnought good to remember your 
Grace with part of lier prey, and so commanded me to send you from her Highness agrei^ 
and fat stag killed with her own hand, which because the weather was hot, and the dear 
somewhat chafed, and dangerous to be canied so far without some help, I caused him l# 
be perboyled in this sort for the better preservation of him, which I doubt not but shall 
cause him to come unto you as ( would be glad he should. So having no other matter al 
present to trouble your Grace withall, I will commit you to the Allmi^hty, and with my 
most hearty commendations take my leave, in haste, at Windsor, this third of Sept. 

Your Grr. assured R. DuddekJiy*." 

t ** Cardinal Pole had a patent, dated Aug. SO, 4 Philip and Mary^ for fetaming a httttr 
dred ser\'ants , which gives some idea of his splendour and hospitality/* - •* ^ >' ' '* 

nm9h^^$9f^^9amxj to Qmsh Mvy. . J^ 
tkm^ihtd lodging* to thtmielvMi Mvmi 
nM^ ebamben Hwr three men* and diet fiir 
l^ipm all in thoie lodgiogt ; save only whmk 
ij^ji were called to the Archbishop s owa 
Uhle (when he dinedy as the speech w^nt 
abiaad» out of his own private lo^gins three 
di^ weeklie ; and then persons of &e de- 
me of Knizhts and upwards caaie to him) ^ 
ftwel for tneir fier, and candle for thiSit 
chambers; without any allowance for aQ 
this, either from the Queen or from them* 
salves ; saving at their deths he had £rom 
them some part of their libraries that liiei 
had thar. Of^n had he' others committed 
or commended unto him from the Queen or 
f^wie Council to be entertained by him a| 
his chaigCy as well of other nations as home 

•uljtcts ; namely, the L as a ori- 

^qmr, andaffcer the h. H. Howaid* brotaer 
to the Duke of Norfolk. Those ever sat 
(but when thei wear with the Archbishop 
himself) at the Steward's table, who had 
jMTovision of diett aynserable to their call- 
uge, and thei had also fewell to their 
chambers.'* P. 204. 

The philosophical reader will peruae 
these interesting volumes, in two views^ 
—traits of character and traits of cu- 
riosity, being perfectly satisfied, that 
the information is far too copious to 
be exhausted. We do not mean any 
adulatory compliment to our venerable 
and learned Cfoadjutor (for he cannot 
need it), because no man of common 
sense, liberal education, or civilized 
ideas, will ever deny, that the publica- 
tion of the ** Progresses of Queen Eli- 
zabeth," in their original details, can, 
in themselves, be other than great lite- 
rary curiosities of high Archaeological 
and Historical value, even if the £di» 
tor had not added his valuable notes. 
We have no hesitation in saying, that 
works of higher curiosity do not exist, 
and in confirmation of our opinions, 
ive need only quote the proemium to 
the charter of the Society of Anti- 
quaries : 

** Tlie study of Antiquity and the His- 
tory of former times has ever been esteemed 
highly commendable and useful, not only to 
improve the minds of men, but also to excite 
them to virtuous and noble actions, and 
amch as may hereafter render them fainous 
and worthy examples to late posterity." 

Several of the prints are uncom- 
monly curious. 



% V 


• urn « 



111. Robinson's HtVory q/'Enfield. 
fCoTitinuedJrom p. 42B.J 

WE concluded our last, with no- 
ticing Old'Burr/, which wc think to 

qoeski uo ihfow V 

stance*, not-one, bui, tw^v oriM« 
camps adjaeent) ofwhiehp c 
melons iostanoes appealr m 4 

The dittinetioa oetweeif « p^ 
and a private road is so little kAvs 
that i«re could mieiitioki.a eaiei^ 
our knowled^ where a ji 
cause of aetiod met with a u 
through a defect of thit nee 
ouainunce with the kw. \t6 
fere subjoin the following tta 
—In Hilary Term 181Q, the pa 
En6eld was indicted for not n^ 
JFelcK^lant. It was pmedi thhi 
led <mly to a farm-home, anc} d 
had been paid for the til r oi. 
ing. Lord Chief Justice A tt 
that it was necessary to < ui 
of dLpubRek Jdgkwmf, %. 
lead mm one town or vut W i n 

and h^Jree .for the passage Ot 
Majest/s suhjects. P. 80. : 

In p. 94, mention is madie of ■ i»^ 
mily of the name of BoJbm, pnmotanoid 
Boon, in a state of poterty, bat pi» 
somed to be descendants of die fi»> 
moos D« Bohm. We knew a centk^ 
man of that name, we beliere of Mi^ 
dalen College, Oxford, who claimed 
descent from that very high family. . 
Opposite p. 95, we have a portrait 
of the Princess (afterwards Queen £1^ 
zabeth), which may sufficiendy vindi^ 
catcher from the character of uglinesi^ 
which Lord Oxford ascribes to hei^ 
when in years. It is noticeable, that 
the gown, quilted or worked, which 
she wears in the portrait, is similar in 
general pattern, to one with which she 
is attired in a fine whole-length por- 
trait, as large as life, at Berkeley Castle. 
Enfield was one of the few pIaQ(% 
which had a parish pries^ when the 
Domesday survey was copapilc^, W^ 
mention this, in order to mtrpduce a 
paragraph from Selden. He 'says, j|i 
speaking of Domesday book, 

** In certain connties, es Somen^ Danm, 

Cornwall, and some few others, yoa shel 

rarely have a Parish Chorch not^; but, in 

others, very often Chnrdies are." (HisS. 

of Tythes, Ch. x. p. «81. Ed. 4to, 161%:^ 

We invite our Readers to run over 

Domesday book, and favour us with a 

list of Churches before the Conquest* 

We proceed now to record the ex- 

'istfjQce of two T^iy curious l^tfy 


dprirtSos .fl£ h^igwhm •» 4hMl « 
^pC; it, iPOfft aitwrtdly Hi t}ic li9«- 
ind upon this suljipttt ih(i b 
^ sinoe .the publio qpiaiooy ^w w 
3n|s apd delete of fait varimis ^m- 
i^s> t>oiK in prose ad4 verse, dm faee^ 
I and so firmly established. It ^My 

therefore to say, that an edsy flow 
Ificktiou, great sweetness of numbers^ 
I etigagtBg playfulness of fancy have 
j^enerally conceded to the Poetry of 
r. As a prose writer also h^ hbs 
Jiowed to exhibit a peculiar fadility 
e^ and at the same time a gracefol- 
f expression that has placed hfan high 
lift of authors ; while aa an annotar 
pecially, it would not be perhaps easy 

any writer to whom the friends of li- 

^ lutve confessed themselves more in* 

both for copious and varied informif 

md for a fund of entertainment co- 

Ive with the treasures of an exquisite 



I concludhiff these imperfect remarks 
; literary character of the author of 
femoir, whose extensive compositions^ 
pecially his < Triumphs of Temper/ 
honourable to the school in wnich 
Bed his taste, the Editor cannot help 
liBff his conviction, that had the sti^> 
f the Poet been directed to happiar 
\f or had his genius, like diat of his 
Cowper, drunk deeply into the anb- 
mplicity of Scripture, elevated as be 
tedly was above the hx greater part 
contemporaries, he would have at- 
to a much prouder eminence on the 
j£ positive merit, and travelled down 
verity with a transcendant lustre." 

ppears that Hay ley was extremely 
late in the choice of his friends. 
J of his juvenile days, when 
s are formed more by chance 
by selection, were men of con- 
ble intellectual powers and ho- 
hearts ; but these favourites, 
iton, Clyfford, and Beridge, and 
successors of more renown, Gib- 
tloward, and Cow per, sunk into 
;rave long before his decease, 
atter years of the life of Hayley 
>t appear to have been distin- 
id by any literary composition 
in prose or verse. It is certain 
le published nothing after the 
n and a Volume of Tragedies. 
)ugh devoted to retirement, he 
lot inactive; he persevered in 
•actice of early rismg to a late 
. of his life, walking in his gar- 
;ven in winter, when the ground 
ovcred with snow, with a lan- 
iii his hand, some hours before 
^t. He would mount his horse. 


•*% :i 


to iina 

SpiCUOtmy uruuilucut lu 

ter, that lie was indebtcu wr ^ 

firm attachment which tTo^Vti^ 

fested for him ; as. the to 

Bet» addrene4 io him io i* « 


HAvtSY— 4hy tendefmsi.fiilariial Aon^ 
In ooir first intervievy dtligfatfiil pwistf 
To Mary and ne for htx daar . nki dii- 


I •» 

Soehaa it is has made orr Kurt thy o*^ 
Though heedless nov of turn dtgimimmtB 

ror ttueescon viateri maka a Hlrtijfj 
And I had purpoa'd na'artd go la ifoaal 
Of Friendthip more, eaoept «rl£ God alttqa.* 
But thoa bait mm me i nor la CMiay 

Who, df tM te aflKoava;a4|Mialionp,^ 

(Sent ^ha« «o mitbwta iht draadAdrSWil 
. My bfpth«r» by wboaa Mjmjif^j I Mm* 
Thy troB daserto la&QiUy tti acan, 
No» move t' admiia dM baid Aaalowa^ 

Amoog the ilhtiQguishtfd.peii^a, 
whose iiames have place in Ihfie Vor 
lumesy we notke iHoaie of Dt Bdub, 
Gen.Biiifp)yQe, tbeEarloCCharieiMijL 
Capt.Xook, Lord Chadiam, J. B. 01- 

Eriani, the Poet Cowpcr, Dr. Darwin, 
)uche8S of Devonshire, the Earl of 
Egremont, Princess Elizabeth, Mr. 
Flaxman, Mr. Garrick, Mr, Gribboo, 
Jonas Hanway, Lord Hardwtcke, Mir. 
Henderson, Lady Hesketh, Lord Hol- 
land, Rev. Mr. Hurdes, Dr. Jdhnson, 
Sir William Jones, Mr. Keml^» l>r. 
Ktppis,^ Marquis of Lanadown, Bp. 
Lowth, Lady Lucan, Mrs. Montarai, 
Mrs. Opie, Mr. Pitt, Romnev Uie 
Painter, Prince and Princess o^Saxe 
Cohurg, Miss Seward, Mrs. Sid- 
dons, Earl Spencer, George Steevens, 
Lord Thurlow, Dr. Warton, CaroUne 
Watson, Mr. Wilberforce, with many 
others of distinguished celebrity in the 
literary world. — We doubt not, the 
work will be considered as an acqui- 
sition to our stores of National Bio- 
graphy and Literary History. 

IIS. jin Essay on Marriage, AdaUeryy and 
Divorce^ (howJirstprvi^fJandMElMy 
on the State of the lAnd between Dtaik and 
the ReswrreetkdOht tlhkrd X&iHoiO'i to ioth 
of wMeh Prenuutas tumk ftettt ti^fm^att ty 
tke ChurekVnm Society; dufmOim^ 
u Sermmandal€eiall%finTulipife.^ 

- , . lAterary Soeuliei, —^^ 

iWqmre. We know ihat^such^nslancet i^ti, pKdwlKly on tha 

rents^ - . -D 

' I children, lo correct in time iMMvooMbs 

mre. We know mat sucninstancet hinU, imdwilKlToiitha dutinctioo offufc- 

at least rare, and recommend pa* Itetiibut therau auchi (hisa uligiA^ 

t9, as they valne (he best inleresU log too much, ud leu ttun b^imh of .tlv 

K. . -ci .. '- -jme Imm vooM bs mre thu MiSaieBl. 


T^ fint (toM of (lu M> hMhM^ 
but Coinu Chtkd Collw!, wUl U US-am 
■gi^ Wediind*7thcadaCJ'a^. 


'- ' C;iMBRiDGE, Jam 13. Tb» Snt ttoiM of (lu n 
' ' ^ Th« Chsncellor's gold medd for the bi 
■■ EiJgn«h poem bj ■ midoDt uodergM- 

'■iaate, was adjudged to Winthorp Mick- — - 

'■ KorthPratd, of Trinitj College. Subject, Oiroio CoMMWiOMTiOK. 

■ Auitralasia. Oiiobd, Jitnt \if- ' ' ~ 

Jun<19. SiiWilliamBroKoe'igoIdmedila the follawiiw w<n >dm 

■fm the Ot«ek Ode, isd for the Greek and 1a- Degre* of D. C L. and jMteated bj th* 

r tio £pigran», Here yesterday adjudged as Rer. Dr, Bliw, Draatj Vnlum of dril 

Gnek Ode.— In Obitum VIri adraodnin Reodoombe IPaik. Co. GIoqCMlW, BI.P. t 
Raverandi DoctiBsimiqus Thonue Fanaluxie Maj.-nn. Kt George Svirille Btom, 
MiddktOD, Episcopi Calcnttenua. To Win- K.C.B. : Edward Welb, Eu). of Swk* Jk 
thiop Mackwortb Praed, Tiin. Coll. ihop, eo. Oloncestsr^ M. P. ' " 
" pre'ek Epigiam— Es' «• fD^o^uSn*, hd "tiit Creweim Ontlon wu ddlnrtf ^ 
'I'^aji^W. theBcv. HenI7HutMiUaan,M.A.^IIn- 
-*'''; Ut'in Epigram. — Oi Ikiutfu waXii f^»- uddom, IVtfnsar of Pd«{ 
- ''ii*.«.. To3ohnWilder,FeBo»ofKiiig'i -■— '- ^-•- -^— - — 

utM'-tJA{i,-0»^.—iifric<ad Cotnii Dwinai. Mettibtn'dr C u nwiw i oB jii 

. ''-NfjMbe Rdjtidgcd. ■' dinetMd diwb tbc g " 

t >MMM"«Mt ti 'iflft cWjpWW' 
bf AMDUnrUn.M.D. RKS. 


CamnoBdcDt't Ah1*hm, or Anl- 
txtt Wfher; iMiiie • «lcetiM of 
fnHD Aa Worin ^the nM riigm 
nde^AmboM, upon lU (Iw tadU 
■nlhr inteiMttDK oemnman of HA i 
h iraildgd Ura Ebcn^K Gtfde. 
y«aagCotnrtM>tB Tilt for Yoddu ' 

MIbwOo* ColUcliDni, tonaug * 
nrittnw to (lu Lou^M*! Ckuwu' 

Prtparingfir PuiUeatiiM. 
Ifahya, two litanir no of tlw 
MU, M«wn. Hour, the oh a Doo- 
(«■>, well knowD in DtDourk bf bs 
;«, the oduT ■ Dootar of Medisiao, 
Id publUh • Miioitical joonwl, to ba 
" Muwc ■!■ Noid,' in udN to appiko 
a mdon i^ tha beit Ihom; ptoAw^ 
if Dcmnarii, NomTi andSmatB* 
)a»l« nnioa ^ Todd'* hi1mS*<I 
1 of Dr. Johntm*! DietiaaiTf ii la s 
of publioMion in India. The poUa 
•liMd for thii labotioui uul luelnl 
a thaeonjoint lubouR of fioboo Bmb 
I, son. tad Mi. Falic Cmn;. 
ttis Cuubrigiensea ; AnaodotMi 

Sayion, Satim, iie.t hjot wla l iii g v. n, ^ 

tfafaMcTCatibi: baing a Compamon lamhonowed with t&a aonOMib 9 

Gunbndsc T«l. the King, to ai^uaint j<«a J^iiAup (Hm 

>ttt.ooar)r of all tUligion., >od Beh- hi. Majnty m«it endrely n)pto*ei of dw 
Sect>, Antient and Modem i al», of eoortitution and logulatiod. of (ha Hojd 
.laatical Hiftory wd TheologioJ Con- Societj of UtarMm, a* ■uhmitted bj ja<a 
tj. By Mrs. Hanmaii Adamj. LorAhip. —I hare the honour to be, uj 

■ New Mercuitile As.i.tant, aud Ge- LojJ^ ^^ -^j „™ct and eiuwn. yont 
Cheque Book, conwmng Nma co- Lord,hip', ao,t Ux\&i ai>d ainom aaf 
•od diatinct Set. of Table.. By Mr. ™,t. W. KmoBTor. 

iHT.AcoounUat. TTie SecreUry then raid tha conalftutlaa 

g of Shendm. By Mr. MoOBi. „j regulation, aa lo ipprored, and which 

iRind V.ew. of tl,B Collegiate and Pa- ^j^ „eU-ca1culated to eatakd and peme- 
^ Churehea of Great BnUm i with taua the infloence of the 3ode^ tbnf & 
ncal and ArchiUKtiina Dewription., rtituted a. .taled in the preuaMe "Rw *• 
, P. N.«LE and J. L» Kbui. »d™«raoEt of literMore : By the pahlt- 

M* Edition of the Dooameton <rf ,^^ of inedLled lemaing of andeni ni«W- 
.eio, from the orlginJ »ew ftora iha („„, ^ rf „(.|, ,o,t, „ ,^ fce of g»Mt 
of Muielli. By Mr. BiioiOLJ, Author iottimie value, but not of that popolar ab^ 

Dild on ti» 

iutrloilc value, but not of that popular abar> 
- - which unially cLdm Ae atMntiMdr 

■^f^l , ^ , „ . , PablLhet. : By the proinotlOB of dbooMF- 

lod Hall, a diama, in three 

enad with aonga. 

Jen Giay, or A» Maiden'. 

a. BythalateDr.AiicHiuLDMACi.«in. 

enad with aonga. cal improromant of omlScograpta' ! W 

Jen Gny, or die Ma.deo. Cuna, a the readiiigttpiibliBn.e«tlng.,i5lnlertrtaii 

diTd n fir a* it pactiftbta, and to pW 
9 the puiitjr of our knznua hj tha otU' 
mproremant of ooi Ledcorrapl^ ; Vj 
the reading ttpublie meeting., i^intenrtte 
paper. onHiaton, FhilotDpby, Foetiy, rtf 
ioloeT, and Hilt Art>, and the pubUcatUii'tir 
Kovit. Society or Lit<h*tu«b. mchofthoM WK»a..hallb«apl«we(l W* 

n Toeaday the ITth of June, the fint the Society'. iVanncUoU i 9f Qitt^i^^ 
nal Meeting of the Society tmdc place ing of holtoiuy reward, to wmka of nMt 
taaparlTneaU of the Literary Fund in litftraiT BUItit, and to importlnt dabolwih 
mm'* ten Firida, M»d waa nsce bHy at- ia Ihemnia-: ftet tf'MtAIilhUlfir eiiM< 

I wiH aooMionaOf be mwlt An.piddlM- 
i rasli wlBMioni will cooatlBHa Ai 

Wn aWa ^ Uttlttafv,'. ln^«Uat4«ik 

**>**m' Sodcer ■>« q<^f »"« da* *>■ 

'Mat object* of their Iii*titu|aon canaM be 
''WMMd trhhoat aJequsts eiertioDi on tiidr 

gto Mtabliih their ohmcter, lai to wh 
rteeni atul ngud of the Public, witboat 
log to Hi pTejodicei : unleu eoeh ea- 
u am aade it muit neccknritT link 
•Mn iU owa imbediinr. Neither m tbt 
-SMttrhcu to atcu]e't?w MtaEki of pra- 
■fmtt, imy, ud letf-iutereM, by whi^ ell 
' riMn InatitutioDi have in their infiuu^ 
Wfci'utsilea; bol (heir tnut ii, thU Iw 
i/ttaSlj fiurming theii conns, they oill 
■-Moil Inn luch enemiei behind tbeni. Rw 
ttoun hue indeed been dJateiDiaMed with 

Eit indtutry durinf; l;he lut tsehe monthg, 
hi; injoriooi to the inteiwt of the So- 
<Sftyi which they thick it auffident merely 
-M notice, with en eBiuriDOe to the Pablie, 
dwt they on, u]iod tbe higheit euthori^, 
-ktaufance them to he wholly devoid of fbnn- 

' «OBe plausible objection hu beenW^ 

i^toHia eatiblithment of en InetitntioB of Cnuaictioiu irf tbe Sociatgp, mm! ee tbe^ wiH 

niidBwriiJiion la clie British C*[Hta],wliiok go forth tc '' '" ' '' 

.(In Sode^ think it inaimbent on them to of jodget Oc_^ ._ , 

Ditice. It is objected, that u the frame of meiita, the *— "— -T*— ' of Aa Soeien 4fl 

4Mt polity ia inch, as to gire rite to incee- bathe depoaituy of ■ edlection of nAatti 

bnt controirereiea on politic*] and leligioua nuteriala, wUob will Mad importnt M 

fcMee, •> litBtary Society, undathe imina^ in thp taoavmetioD of fatora Uetoiha, aoJ 

ttttepitronige of the Crown, may be mads will praanrre Iketa diMinay ba iifriiiilati fiw 

' ■M'lnatnunent of att&ek or defence of pirti- the eaWblliTnaent of new aeiaatifie tjtuatt 

cfllar KCti or parties, according to the paa- oa noia aolid aad pamaitait biiai. 
■knu or interests of its individual membera. "Sach tn the principlee, and locb tiii 

The Society ate sensible that sucli a lui- ohjecW of the Royal Society of Liteiatnce, 

pidion only would be fatal to all the object* which they have considered it their duty nt 

tliey have in view, and they trust that such the preient seaioa to lay befure tbe pnhlie. 

aenae is a aufficient guarantee Co the Pub- Of the soundneu of these principles, aod 

tic, that they will omit DO mesns in their utility of these objects, they are confiJent ; 

power to preclude the poisibility of it. and they call for the ainttance of allthair 

Their hope ia that every mem' -■■-■■ ■ 

Society will be actuated by pure principle! 

ci religion and virtixe, aod warmly attached cmies ai luuna reasoning aou pure ubh> 

to the religious and political inetitutioni of which are iiueparably connected with them." 
hit country ; but the Britllh Constitution Tlie thanks of the meeting were the* 

ilu prescribed Lud furnished adequate means voted to the Bishop of St. David's, on tbe 

Sir her onn defence, and the Society of Li- tnotiou of the Bishop of Chester, who raada 

Untore, fully convinced that to make their a vary apprupriata speech on the oceasioa, 

cmncil room an arena fur such controver- and the busineei of the day was oluied by 

lies, would be detrimental to the country, proceeding to tbe ballot; on the result M 

and nunnu) to themselves, have made it one which it appeared that the fellowing no- 

of tbdr fundamental regulations to exclude blemen and gentlemen were elected oScera 

all writings from their nnlice, that roajr lo- and council of the Society for the year en- 

latc to any temporary cuntroversia! topics. suing. 

. ."llie great object of the Society is to ComtcU — Marquis of Lanadowoai Right 

render the pursuit of Literature hoooiuable Hon. l«rd Grenville ; Rt. Hon. Lord Mor- 

■n itMtf, and beneficial in its results to So- peth i Sir Thomai Acland, But. ) Sir A. 

pety, by encouraging a strictly classical Johnstone; F. Chantrey, Esq.) Taylor 

taate, an impartial and jiiEt system of cri- Combe, Eiq. ; Rev. Qeorge Croly) Jama* 

~'~' e morality, aod sound leaininE ; Gumming, Esq.; William ZjfiUn, £«q.L 

■-' Rev. DrGr^i Prince Hbareri«l.!.« 

Jerdan, Ex]. ; Rev. Archdeacon rrnesHi 

, ., ..._j ,..j„j _, , Rev. Dr. Richards ; Rev. C. Snniner,' 

;,jiO«uniij of mutual jnlerconrse, aiid may, Fraijenl — TheLotdBiibap(ifSt.K*m'. 

iber of their fellow- countrymen, who (eel a 
' Liter 


ih thii 



■ purpose. 

. have 




nen of lit. 

may enjoy .the op- 


.al jnl 



.MM.1 Sale oAMc mfmifitlkp'' Pi^t*^' ^ 

K^M^tM^ An. I»teriot, in, wlu^ m ftW^fi^. WiS^^ 
twpiwmu^ CourtezKus. stMlin^ « Watdi jD^ A Omp of l¥ia«ir 'ilii^i^ttEr 

tCmn • Y4>«f(b overpowered witb Wine. moA mon P!otiini^ni73L • |Carl C^vejior j 
fiAleM^ an4 aq.old Wonaa. ncehrii^ (he Sir J. Bim«tfdi.: Por(;rMft of f^'jSM^ 

r£]toijlK«-t910{. Mv. DanfordL] . dons tatibe Tktiaa JMUne. Tbi^ maMb^^ed 

c. • jRnjrtdiiel. A Heath Scene, with a Cldmp picture was pomased ffom St^ JotliiiM;' hf 

eifwClreeSy on a winding Road that is partiallj M. De Gdonne.— [16S7i. lOi. Do.T -^'^ 
AMtd.— [91(R. Mr. Smith.] Giudo. The Assunptitita el tbetftl^nM 

o/MHivid Teniers. The Four Seasons, ex- mlh two attendant Angels,. Xkia. igiNitA- 

t«infftSed in four beautiftd small csbinet ehrfdtaucre is £ram the G^liednl ift 8^ 

n^ctivea. From the collection of Prince ville. — [Withdrawn.] ,' < • 

fenJUq^rand.— [1892. Mr. Peel.] Walker. An ori^^ Portrait oflivi^; 

dr^Sk J« Rqrnolds. The celebrated original the Author of Sjlfa» &e. — [108(. 4iu . Ar« 

/JbrUait of Dr. SamuelJohnson, which was Thwaites.] » . '.j>m 

iftititedbY Sir Joshua for Mr. Thrale^ and RnysdML A eool fresh Landseape»:i4lb 

%mMA purchased at the sale of Mrs. ^zsu*s a ^^rearn of Watez rushing betweeli- 1||» 

fdbCores, at Streatham, Surrey. — [4982; 10s. Ruins of an Abbey Mill, and fofming « 

4lla^ Thwaites.] double Ctoeade.H[8 152. Do.] 
,:bI)o» Portrait of Baretti reading. From Ruysdael. A Landscape witb^ n Stnam 

tbei aame sale. — [l 052. Do.1 of Water, interrupted in its course by lft^>d|qr 

. JDo. Portrait of Arthur Murplw. Also Fragments^ on the skirts of a Fnf4»U-T« 

n Minted by Sir Joshua for Mr. Thrale.— • [2832. 10s. Lord Gower.] 
:t]^k42.10s. Do.] G. Poussin. An upr^ Landsdlpi with 

. .1 ; Do. Portrait of the late Earl Macartney^ taeh broken Sosneir, and Buildings in 'tha 

jMinted in early life. — [352. 14s. Lord front groun d and J uif Stance.— [878l» -Mr* 

«tjCgfemont.] Beckford.] 

'i-kv.Zoffsny. The original Portrait of Mr. Gioigione. Portrait of Aretiiio,o#titfck 

ifileevens, the Commentator on Shakspeare^ pand.-»[2732. Mr. Bariiy.] . 
•rt with his fkvorite S|)aniel on a Table before MurOlo. Portrait of ^tinQ Keve^'n 

fiillba; the Head of another D^ appears be- Canon of Seville, seated in a Chair, wi| 

^:«eath it.*— [542. 125. Major Thwaites.] favourite4)o!gat his leet.— [965^ lOi.' 

/ .jfan Steen. Portraits of Jau Steen and Thwaites.] 

hia Wife taking an Aflternoon Nap, afber S.Rosa. Jason pouring the Liqitor of 

indulging rather freely in the dainties of the Enchantment on the Dragon. — [3152. Mr. 

table ; their Children playing tricks, &c. William Ponsonby.] 

From the collectioa of the Due d' Albert.— • Nic. Poussin. St. Paul caught up into 

[38 1 2. Mr. Hume.] the Third Heaven.— [8202. 5*. Nlr.Thwaites.J 
V. Dyck. Portrait of Simon de Vos, the Guido. The Martyrdom of St. ApoUonia, 

celebrated Painter of Animals. — [1912. 25. on copper. — [4202. Count Woronzow.] 
Baron Strommar.] Hoobima. A crand upright .Landscape, 

Do. Portrait of the Wife of De Vos. — with a Water-mill, Cottages, and a trans- 

[3572. Mr. Seguire.] parent Sheet of Water, and Figtires in a 

• Rul>ens. A Lioness rolling on the Woody Forest Scene, which is illumined by 

Ground in playfulness. — [3252. lOs. Mr. a fine effect of light in the centre. — [9972. 

Lawley.] 105. Mr. Seguire.] 

Wouvermans. A Bank of a River, on Do. The Compamon Landscape. A 

. which Figures are landing Goods from a Forest Scene, with a Road passing through 

Shallop, and conveying them on Horses to a Village, of which the Church appeurs in 

a Storehouse. From the collection of M. the distance. A Peasant Family are re- 

Le Perier. — [7192. 55. Mr. Hume.] posing near a Pool of Water in the front 

Ann. Carracci. Christ and the Woman ground. — [8402. Do.] 
of Samaria at the Well, and the Disciples Rembrandt. The Landscape with a 

and other Figures approaching to them.— coach. In the centre of the picture is a 

[3252. 105. Count Woronzow.] Chateau with a Draw-bridge in a Lake of 

Guido. The Magdalen accosted by an Water. — [3672.105. Marquis of Hertford.] 
_ In&nt Angel. — [3252. 105. Mr. Bullock.] P.Potter. A Bull and Two Cows, m a 

D. Teniers. Exterior of. a farm-house. Landscape. The eye of the bull b fixed on 

with nwny Villagers assembled to view Four thie spectator, and the countenance partiou- 

Peasants dancing in a Ring to a Bag-piper larly animated. On a paling beneath a wil- 

ipquxited on a Cask. — [4142. 155. Mr. low tree, on the right, is the namR joC fhe 

" Baring.] pamter, < Paulus Potter, /. 1647^—^^702: 

^ ^ ^, y. De Velde. A Calm, with a Fri- lOs. Mr. Thwaites.} . 
;^"j|{ai9 at A^^^o'''' ^ ^^^^^^P ^PP<^o(^biiig her, P. -Wouvermans. lQtecior.of atehiitfin 

'^ mafiloihti Vessels beautifully dbp(>B6d; a wbUdi are a mounted XpfjUkti a^>¥<ro 


■ « , 


Houti OP Ck>MMO}is» ilfay SI. 

, Sir J. Mackintosh brought forth his an- 
wkuH mMion on the Criminal Laws, in the 
Ibrai of Nine Retohitions. « To take awsj 
Ihe punishment of death in cases of Isroe- 
'^kSttm committed in shops, in dwellini^hottsesy 
mud on uavigable rivers. To repeal the sta* 
^DHBd of the 9th of Geo. I., commonly called 
"Uia. Black Act; that of Geo. II. called the 
'Marriage Act ; that of James I. ; also the 
Act of Geo. II., inflicting the punnhment 
«f death on persons for breaking down the 
'liaiiks of rivers. To take awsy the punish* 
^Inent of death in cases of horse-stealing, 
'iriieep-stealing, and forgery; and in lien 
Uiereof, substitute the punishment of trani- 
poirtation or imprisonment; to take awaj 
the punishment of felons returned from 
tMnsportation. Also, to provide that Judges 
should not pass sentence of death in any 
case where it was not likely that the pn- 
aishmeut would 1)e inflicte«l; and to do 
^ epay with the forfeiture of the goods and 
'chattels of persons who may have oovi- 
nitted suicide. — Mr. Peel concurred iu the 
^propriety of a qualified revision of the Cri- 
minal Code, but objected to the compre- 
hensive form in which the Hon. Mover nad 
introduced the subject ; — to the extent to 
which he proposed to urge his repeal, and 
to the doctrine that it was in all cases un- 
safe to confide & discretion to the Judges. 
The Right Hon. Secretary then read a list 
-of 23 offences, now capitally punishable, 
from which he would propose to take away 
the punishment of death ; and concluded 
by moving the previous question. — Mr. F» 
Buxton complained, that the limited ame- 
lioration proposed by Mr. Peel would not 
have the effect of saving one life in ten 
years. — Sir*/. Mackintosh repeated Mr. Bux- 
ton's complaint, that the repeal proposed 
by Mr. Peel would have no sensible effect 
in diminishing the number of executions ; 
and persisted in pressing the first resolution 
to a division, when the numbers were — For 
the Resolution, 76 — Against it, 86 — Ma- 
jority 10. 

May 23. The investigation of the con- 
duct of the High SheriflF of Dublin was re- 
'ittnied. After several witnesses had been 
examined, Sir Abrahayn B. Kinf^ was called; 
be stated that he had never had any panel 
tnit in his hands for revision, nor to his 
knowledge was any panel put into the hands 
'of his clerk. He had been, he said, an Qrange- 
inan since 1 797 ; the oath of that society 

was b print; a prayer vaa nad on ^-^ 

the Lo^^e, but no portiim of So ip i uw ' 

read; tfcie ngns and words wiMshweie 

municated after mitiation «en« \m 

taken from Scriptiire» but thm wet; 

about the Amalekitei hi thrai» ead iL 

no tendency to sijggcfll exleiminatioiu 

pressed to explain the passage fromi 

t^aie signs and words were t#keii» til 

ness pleaded hia oath of seerecj,, 

inquiry was then urged in eveiy jypiwMU 

shape, and he was told bj Mr. .Prow^jlyi 

that his oath was an ahsnrdityy and q|[ 90 

force, and admonished by the ChainMBy 

that his refrisal might drive the Conmmlie 

to a pafaifril course.*-5ir John Ntuptiri Vila 

exoeedmglv pres^ng to lean fieo what 

part of the Book of Joshqa tlie rhpiii 

about the <*Amalekites" was taken s vofil 

Mr. BuUerworth explained, amidst hwata 

of hughter, that the Hon. Banuiet aswirt 

search in vaia for a phrase or a word whSbh 

was not to be firand m the Book of Jodma. 

•—Tile casnistry of Mr. Bnu^uam, the Mt- 

naoea of the ChainiMO> aad the ittgemrilf 

and leanung of the Membef Ibr Wai^MC 
were, however, in vain addreteed to .Mr ji. 
Kingy who firmly, but respectfrdly) piwiiyd 
in respecting his oath. The narrowest le- 
ference, he said, which he could give to the 
pass-words was, that they were to be found 
in the Old Testament. — The Attorney Ge- 
neral (Sir Robert GiffbrdJ thought that» be- 
fore compelling the disclosure of diese words 
by measures of severity, it might be worth 
enquiring whether the answer was likely to 
bear upon the subject before the Commit- 
tee. — ^Mr. Canning thought it as well not 
to press this line of examination. — Sir John 
Newport, Mr. Grattan, Mr. ScariHt, and 
Mr. J. Smith urged the necessity of com- 
mitting the witness ; but Mr. Brmtgkam 
and Mr. PUmkett thought it better to give 
him another opportunity of answering. 
Beio^ recalled, .6ir Abraham King again 
explamed, that the only words which he 
hesitated to divulge were the signs and sy«n- 
l>ols by which Orangemen are enabled to 
distinguish each otl^r; and they had no 
reference whatever to any maxim or rule of 
conduct. — Mr. Peel declared, that after this 
answer he could not press the epquiiy.— • 
Mr. Brougham complamed that the wHeeis 
had triumphed over the Committee. — ^Mr. 
CdUrefiy on the other hand, thoa^if the 
last answer perfectly satisfkctofy . ' Bi f ; t/. 
SmUh then moved an adjonmment until 
Monday, which, on a divbion, was lesohred 
upon, by a minority of 7^ to 1$, ' 

W&S ProiHdingi m thi pr^ imkm tf PmkmA$. jSb 

poteetioa wm also dv» to omU biip* 
who were frequently the vIctinM of 
4MM wo meft ' 'clting, as an examjpley a esse 
|i whSoh a youdi oi 17> of high fimk and 
^axptctaXloM, had heen seduced into a mar- 
.fiupe with a bricklayer's dsughter, 30 years 
clur than himself: who was, moreover, the 
laoihor of seven ille^timate children.— The 
jQtfAqp tf Chester said, that there was no 
49l0idty in discovering the msnriaffes con* 
ililipliated by the divine canon. All msr* 
Tfcn]i[i not repugnant to the law <^ God 
miia » in his opinion, entitled to the pro- 
tairtifTii of that rule.— The Earl qf iJver- 
C|»po6ed the clause, as oppressive or 
Irregular marriages had, he said, 
much more frequency celebrated by 
S and against marriages so celebrat- 
the clause made no provision ; there 
besides the opportunities afforded by a 
jowneyto Scotland, or the still easier pas- 
«(§• to Calais by a steam-boat : all of whidi 
Hfidawid it impossible to provide absolutely 
aninet marriages without consent; and 
Wile such fiusilities existed, the clause 
OBfild efflBct no good purpose, though it 
wil^ produce much evil.^ — Viscount Pcno- 
^neour^ opposed the clause. — ^The ^rcA^ 
^liy rf Canterbury defended the motives of 
WM* who had carried the clause in the Se- 
ItpM^Committee, but intimated his readiness 
4ft jubmit to the sense of the House. — ^Lord 
^HJtninlf opposed the clause, as placing the 
9QAtinuance of a marriage at the pleasure of 
m third person. — Lord EUeiiborough opposed 
the clause at great length, as providing for 
the profligate an instrument of seduction.— 
liOEd Sidnwuth defended the clause.— Lord 
SimuelL also defended it, taking nearly the 
aame ground which the Lord Chancellor 
bad previously taken. — On a division the 
dbuse was rejected by a majority of 28 to 
99. The Bill was read a third time the fol- 
lowing day. 

In the House of Commons, the same day, 
f^t.Abercromby recalled the attention of the 
House to the case of William Murray 
BoRTUWicK, to which the decided conduct 
of Messrs. Hope and Menzies gave so mu<^ 
interest towards the close of the last Ses- 
sion. Borthwick had been joined in part- 
aership with a person named Alexander in 
the proprietorship of the Clydesdale Jaur^ 
noli after a dissolution of partnership, (un- 
der pretence of some unliquidated debt said 
to be due by Alexander) he abruptly en- 
tered.Alexander*s office, broke open his desk, 
•pd carried off his papers, one. of which was 
iail£brtunately a manuscript of Sir Alexander 
Boiweirs ; the exhibition of which by 
B^Cthwick to Mr. Stuart led to a duel be- 
tipeen Sir Alexander and that gentleman, 
in which the former fell ; for this robbery 
Bocthwick was prosecuted by the Deputy 
JMvQcate, Mr. Hope, and that protecotioA 
ChuiT. Mao. June, 1813. 


iiiiiiiiii miirtg »t» 

Sootdi bw •( the nit ef Ala Mmli > [> .> 'H » 
ipvtwmm of the ohaift alleced by Mr. AEb«r- 
eroiBby agatnel te Lovd Adyoene iriH liM 
Borthwkk wts peiwKmted la a poUtioil op- 
ponent, and that the proeecotinm agaiflil 
mm waa managed to ae to pr^nfiok Ikfik 
Stuart upon his trial for the mmMr «f fli^^ 
Alexander Boiwell. In condoslbn hentwiril 
a reeohitbn dedaring that the prnretdigy' 
agafaist Borthwick wwe nnjiiat and oppnN^ 
sive.— The Lord Jdmteate defendsd h'mwitt 
and his deputy by shewing that there ««# 
ample grounds for the prosecution of BorA- 
widc; and that all the proceecfinga a^i^ait 
him had been strictly l^al and legskr^-^* 
Mr. J,P, CfrmU and Inr. Kamtdy ioppofldl' 
the motion, which was opposed by Leii- 
Bixning end Mr. Dnamnonds and on a dU 
vision it was rejected by lOS to 86. 

HovsK or Ck>MMONs, June < and B^ 
Mr. ffilUaims brooght forwwd a mo^ 
tion upon the snbjeet of the ddayiy eM* 
penses, and risk to which snitora In iIm 
Court of Chancers are at preeent n^ 
posed. He rendered a tribute of ap pl M ii> 
to the transeendint talenta and uneqoipd^ 
learning of the Lord Chanedlor, bSl'lH* 
mented hia leloetanoe to de<dde withmil^^' 
degree of demonatntien mrely at t ain a l iie ^t 
questions of mfaced law, and foet, and mi^ 
rals. He denied that the eittMdMa«M# 
the Vice Chancellor's Coort liad t JkMJ 
any relief to suitors in equity; affirmiQ|>9 
on the other hand, that it had only served 
to overwhelm the Court of Chsncery wHh 
a multitude of appeals. Of the Rolls Courts 
he said that its business had declined to It 
fourth or a tenth since the resignation of 
Sir Wm. Grant, to whom he pud a hattfl* 
some compliment for having retired ftooi 
the Bench while in the vigorous possesdloti 
of his faculties, and before their decay conid 
tend to injure the public. The Equity Bendk 
in the Exchequer, during the protracted itt-' 
disposition of the Chief Baron, had beeil 
occupied by Mr. Baron Graham, a Magi»« 
trate eightv-one years old ; or Mr. Butm 
Garrow, who had never obtained any jnraiH 
tice in a Court of Equity. Mr. WiDlanit 
proceeded to illustrate the subject, by ottioig. 
a number of instances of the delay and en* 
pense of equity proceedings. He concluded 
by moving, ** tnat a Seroct Committee W 
appointed to inquire into the inereaao dP 
business in the Court of Chancefy> and- in 
the appellate jurisdietion of the Honee ti 
Lords, and the cause thereof." — The Atitt" 
ney Guteral opposed the motion, and eoMT* 
ed mto a long detailed stateipent of ikm 
quantily of business disposed cf bj Am dtf* 
terent Courts of £qttk^« — ^Mr. Dmmum mf^ 
ported the HtolkMi tai n^ apweli dP sm 
lai^ in iriM^ h» iiiMpd tl» UviOpiK 

j(^.] ProeetdiMg$ .m tit fVfgU, atsiiftp,^ ff^llf^'- 

Bttn s short eomwHUut, f«}M!tod iritkMt •Ut.aUwgMd^ *>.jfcg'?. 

'; Jim^ 9. Ou the motion for iiCcnmiTTt* llOtoes. 

o# ScTppLY, Mr. Crtevty Iwougbt forward a — ' 

. motion on the 4 4 per cent. Leeward Islaada J«jie ii ontf 19. Thi SitK MfKOftAC- 

.<Uity. The Hon. Member evpatiated at torkm' Bill wie read a third time> i^ 

.]|/b^gth upon the upequal and opprewive ^^ aneodmenty Drepoaed bj tile Ijftf 

(Operation of this tax, which, he said, wi^s Mayor^ to read the Bill a third fiiM'dEuK 

Jjint with peculiar severity in the present em- ^aj eht months, had been rejected b; ft.ajf 

•barrassed state of West India property, aiid joTitv of 58 to 40. 

-was wrung from the planters to support a Mr. I^^tleni broi^^ forward hit l^P" 
Uvish pension list. He proceeded to enu- promised motion upon the Currenct. T& 
inerate, among the pensioners upon thia Hoq. Member repeated all the usual acgn- 
ISst, the Princess of Hesse Hnmberg, the meots to prove tfiat Mr. Peel's BiU waa the 
Duchess of Gloucester, the Fitzclarenoe true cause of the ruinously low prioet of 
^onily, and Mr. Canning's sisters, and com- agriculttural orodnee i nive an ntaMlnely 
ifjlahied that, in consequence of th einade- meUmcboly pictore of tfie stete of the wri- 
•qnacy of this fund, produced by the distveea cultural interest, wUdi lie aald tufta^^ 
tn the West Indies, the droits of Adm iralty ^mimition of income of at least .80. ^ 
•Itad been largely drawn upon to make gtMtd cent. ; and. in condosloo moved for a Qos^ 
•"^e pension list. In conclusion he moved Vnittee of inqohy. — ^Mr. Atcordb ofaeerveily 
*si tesolution, embodying the leading topics thut ^he fedoction in prices had not ^ea 
\yf \m speech. — ^Mr. Cannvng defended the altogether produced by Mr. Batfe J^ 
i^ht of the Crown to dispose of the ^ip^ The natural operedon of thet meaeiirei,.^ 
teent. duties at its pleasure, by stating mat ^^id, had been to lower priJoee abont fiveifer 
llhU right had been recognized in Mr. bent.; and which, by the iqjudknoua ftpd 
Avrlse's plan of economical Reform ; and unnecessary measures adopted by th|e Sf^^ 
lArlth respect to the allubion to his own ftr had been aggravated to teu per cent. /^ 
•mily, he observed that the pension of 5002. then proce^wd to meet the erciunevii; 
^year granted to his sisters, had been, in an <' equitable adivstoient,**. ^7 >Ao«rh^g.^ 
tbe first instance, bestowed upon himself the (undholdershadononeaidelqitaii^l 
:Qj;>on his retirement from the office of Se- as they had gain^ on the qfeher i ai^ 
eretary of State ; the uniform practice hav- mitting the evib produced hj the tij^M 
iikg been previously to grant to persons re- striction Acts, he atron^y depieoaM H 
tiring from the office he held 1 200^ per an- creation of a new series m similar calami* 
num. For the sacrifice he had made in ac- ties, by again tampering with the currency, 
cepting but the reduced pension he had, he . — Mr. ^. Baring opposed the motion, on 
said, been higlily complimented ; and he the ground that though it might have been 
felt that he had a right to assign it to those proper to have paused before passing the 
who had a right to look to him for support. Bill of 1819, after that Bill liad been four 
— Mr. Hume and Mr. Brougham supported years in operation, any violent departure 
Mr. Creevey's motion ; which, however, on from its principle might lead to endl^ mia- 
ia division, was rejected by a majority of 1 OS chiefs. — Mr. Pee/ opposed the motion at 
to 57. great length. He entered into a detailed 
Mr. Hume called the attention of the statement of the late improvement in aD 
House to the account of the Coronation the manufacturing districts, and contended 
Expenses;^ — those expenses had been esti- that the increase of population in tbose die- 
mated by the late Chancellor of the Exche- tricts, with the taste for comforts and luxu^ 
qner at 100,000/. and had, in fact, exceed- ries excited by commercial prosperity, would 
ed 238,000/. Among other items to which cause such an increased consumption aa 
the Hon. Member objected, there was naust form the infallible means of relief foi 
'«4 ,000/. for Royal robes, besides 9000/. per agricultural distress. — On a division, the 
annum for the hire of a Crown. After ani- motion for a Committee was rejected by • 
madverting upon various other items, Mr. majority of 96 to 27. , 
Hume complained, that the balance be- a 
tween the estimated and the actual expenses ij**«„ />. T^—v- r.,-- to 
of the Coronation, had been supplied by an Housb OP Lords, June 16. 
unconstitutional misapplication of the The Spitalpields Silk Weavers* Biti 
French indemnity, and proposed a resolu- was referred to a Committee at the instanee 
tion condemning the excessive scale of ex- of the Earl of Liverpool, who bore tetit • 
penditure of the Coronation, and the mis- mony to the uniform loyalty and good cdn- 
application of the French indemnity.— The duct of the individuals whose' bterests tiie 
Chancellor of the Exchequer endeavoured to proposed measure may effisct. — ^Lor4 BZtei- 
excuse the excess of the expenditure at the bormugh expressed an opmion that the lESIl 
Coronation above the estimate, on ihe ought not to be forced iiito a W ^oh^wy 
ground that such inaccuracies wtt unavoid- ¥f Hie mclittitio& of tlia ffOOjOOt^. ^fjfoos 


> V«rVj t<«r*4'T.>^ 

•tAqoiratU HiiHoplHjghiiiM 

iloc»'i[idt wirii to kflfp in BhdrM note 
tnfafi tbm riift«enriee reqiint* 
*-r>Ikttrihi ^from Bateelona, raoeWed in the 
«ftrr «tatvlibBt tevtral eompMiiet of femal* 
«inBtni wen oigBiiiciiig there* with the «p' 
' ■whiUun of tbs Authorities. These mm 
ikpunnnt cany a hnce in the left hand* «id 
apoignard huiging from the wrist in llkB 
fight. They are to be employed in the 
lioepitalsy and to pick up uid nurse the 
wounded. The most respeeteble ladies of 
the city, married and unmarried* are stated 
to have hastened to enlist themselves. 

The Journal des Debats, lately reoeivedy 
jibhrnmces the removal of the King of Soldn 
wCUDz on the ISth inst. where he arrived 
^ the 14th. - 

'^'^uppears from accounts brought by the 
Vshon mail, that Sir Robert Wilson hmded 
dt'Vigo, accompanied by Col. Light* Capt. 
KslSne, two French and two G^man om> 
kslfiti mil for the purpose of joining the 8pft- 
Biards against the French. They were re- 
lit/ind With enthusiasm* and a discharge of 
'^ttH^ry frtmi all the ships and batteries ; at 
iMit niey were serenaded* according to llkB 
'l^hUsh ctntom* and the town was illnmi- 
%ftted: On the following day, the whole of 
Wt troops were ordered out for the tnspee* 
^tM t>f Sir Robert. On the 4th* the £ng- 
^M^/ 'Officers were regularly admitted as 
BpJoAh soldiers ; and* after a speech at the 
^twA of the troops from Sir Robert* in 
'Spanish* they fell iato the ranks with mus- 
kets and bayonets. — Letters from a person 
#ith Sir R. Wilson, describe the people of 
Galicia afs warm Constitutionalists. Arms 
are much wanted by the Spaniards. 


A counter-revolution Is said to have been 
effected, at Lisbon, under the auspices of 
the Infant Don Miguel. The military are 
understood to have been principal agents* 
^e King and Cortes resisting to the last. 

On the morning of the 37th of May, the 

- Ibfimte Don Miguel, at the head of 300 in- 

''fimtry and 30 cavalry, proceeded to the 

:aquaare of Villa-Franca, and proclaimed the 

Constitution abolished, immediately after 

•which he quitted the city. He addressed a 

letter to the King, in which he speaks of 

■o triumphs obtained, no hopes of important 

aecessions to his cause. He solely depre- 

eates the idea of acting against his father 

^aad sovereign, while at the same time he 

imputes to that personage a disposition to 

.approve in the former capacity, what by 

.** exterior acts " he would denounce in the 



' ' The affairs of Greece seem approaching 
^<y'4i "Crisis. There are now but mint hopes 
^a'paiicific termination of the contest. It 

anmgemfa^-.wr wMon Mcr-'tsfi^aii mn iMI 
one hand* shoQid ha n a ognh ee d •• an iadt' 
Moment iiati«H Mid «btPofte» <M tlN^oAe^ 
be indemnified for its lose of feveottt, Tl||^ 
»o doubt, would bt infinitdf b«irf#|itt» 
theGfeekti battbeitq)pe«saofral«b|% 
that the tennt will be agnad to Iv M» 
Porte* and the boslMii b ISnly tti.lw'lbp 
cided by the award. ThaToriB l«»elM» 
fornudaUe prepaiations; and tha Giaab 
•eem weU prepavad to CBWovnter ™fTt- jHIs 
whole eonfodefiey is now mder a lagvhr 
Go<yemmen t * t h e troops aia rwalnly piid 
out of a speeial miUtary diestj there are la 
the Moraa alone 50*000 wall anMd aad As- 
dpUned troops* and the Isthmia <iif€dAiith 
is placed in a stMe of defonee. TtellWit 
iiee»* well eipiippea* panicuianT wiw aMr" 
bustibles* were waitii^ die arflftf oC ttt 
Turxish neat With great conftoeniBe* ^ 

According to like latest hrttlKgteee'flidii 
Gfeeoe* the National CoagrsM Im* Mi 
much streng^ned by tha proseneA' df ii(|i 
most powemil Bfifitavy Cbleft* wliolMrMial 
length yidded to the lolleiltfloiw of IMlff- 
laatis and MatroeorteQa. - ColMmihi 
has shown Umself leas tndable Attf >iMk 
othen. Odyaseos baa eieaedad tlMi'lMMi 
aiqjeccBtion* amr racrooij ma tMMMnBiw 
himself widi great pnmrWiy ai iSM OM- 

ris* whWh rnnlil hiriftj htm TitmllMMil 
ntHn a nader or baikBtlt»' m 'ttlsr Wi 

Having been favoured with a tnmslatklii 
of the Peloponnesian constitution estaUbhAl 
in Dec. 1891, from a Correspondent In tlia 
Morea, we take the oj^rtuni^ of preaant- 
ing such extracts as may be worthy of re- 
cord: — 

'< It is certain* and cannot be denied, 
that the tyrannical acts and lawless e op du c t 
held at all times towards the nations who 
unfortunately foil under the Ottoman yofcv* 
spread terror over all the provinces mhil- 
bited by the (rreeks. 

<< Slavery and the most barbarooa aeta 
were exercised on every age and class of t|ka 
Greek Nation ; the greatest ccmtempt waa 
shewn to the Christian ReBgion* by profimlirig 
its temples* and trampling on its asott 
sacred laws. 

'< These were the causes that the Greels 
rose in arms, not only in the defence itH 
their religion, but also of their lives* both 
of which were on the point of bei^ de- 
stroyed by the tyrannical Ottoman gorena- 

« Every step takeu by the veaeraibla 
Patriarch ^Gregory, and the Eedmisfeieal 
Counsel, to prove the innoceaoe of ^la^Eli^ 
' tion, was ineflectual. Death waridHoMt.'tti 
him* as well as on almost all ^ Or J A ir il lt t 
were at Constantinople* as an sAMMMTfo 
nhdr MimmitaihcM. The iiM=IM#Btd 





./. . 

i" dAurrintei. 



''5hew York Papers have brcmglit a vwietf 
of diBtaUa of piraciea ia the West Indies, and 
ekanges, and rumours of changes in Sofuth 
j^aMftcnu The most important mteUigence» 
^aiptvSf in these journals is the announce* 
laaiit'they contain of the measures taken by 
dw Russian Government to put in force its 
f«ry' extraordhiary pretensions to the poe- 
sevion of the North-western coast of Ame-> 

j,.;...i-i ;WV'-* *'•''' ^* "* 

£rop0fVf of isM tlio«8«9* lA* 4* ••K >'^7r 
luaslM 09v«fanMiil%iKl gNw 'ih mififc 
nuH ia toiies Imt tnffM !» mhrtntdlil*^ 
the repvescntatioii of the AiiMrletft Miali^ 
tor m opposHifMi to thia^alBi Virt H aiNf' 
appears »at the RtMtitfii aantl (brat ik iM 
qaarter hM aetoally begim ^ dnf« •& AlJH. 
ri6aii vessda fr«n tlie siis m fq Mtka, tlit' 
comnerea ol ^hi^ tliey kad pfutUMily Mv 
joyod wHihont loteinipaaQ. 




. The disorders in the South of IreUnd re- 
BiUn, according to the last accounts, unal- 
tered. In the county of Limerick, a gen- 
tleman's house has l>een attacked and jJun- 
dered of arms, at ten o'clock m the fore- 
noon ; eleven ruffians were afterwards seiz- 
M9 and four identified as parties to the out- 
nlge. In the county of Tipperary, there 
have been a burning of one house, an attack 
upon another, and a rescue of cattle taken 
19 distress, by a mob of three hundred per- 
sons.— The Catholics of Cork were to hold 
an aggregate meeting to consider the state 
of their affairs. 

A dreadful scene of blood occurred on the 
Kite fitir-day of Maghera, in the county of 
Londonderry. Some of the Orange yeo- 
men, it appears, quarrelled with the people 
at tlie fair, and the yeomen were obliged to 
retreat to the barracks, where they, as well 
as the military, were assaulted with stones. 
The yeomen, being supplied with fire-arms, 
discharged several voUies among the crowd, 
who fled, and they were pursued by the yeo- 
men and military. Some houses were en- 
tered and sacked in the pursuit. The num- 
bers killed and wounded aie variously stated ; 
from 8 to 12 are said to have been killed, 
and from 40 to 50 wounded. — The streets 
were covered with blood. 

Some quarries of white and green marble 
have been lately discovered in the West of 
Ireland, which promise to be very valuable. 
The white is said to be of a quality superior, 
for the purpose of statuary and sculpture, to 
any Italian marble, being of the same tex- 
ture and constitution with the best Grecian 
marble ; and the green marble is considered 
to be of the family of the verde antique^ and 
to rival the finest specimens of that very 
rare and costly article in beauty. 


By the quarterly average prices published 
ia the Gazette on Saturday last, the ports 
are. now open to the admission of barley and 
o»tti from the British Colonies in North 
America, at the high duties j and if tka^e 

be any oats firom theiioe under boiid> 
housed previous to t^ 18th M«r, 1 SM^ .tlHI 
same are now admiasibie, doty nee* 

Owing to the very gnat dnnend en tlMK 
Continent, and other ^arta of Eiirop«» fm. 
c(}tton twist, the sphuung bwfama jf Um^ 
cosibsre is noir more bruk tfan hm bMi. 
known at any former p«iod. We Imm 
been told ^re are 00 leae thna e^li^ 1^ 
toriea or cotton nulls (upon an esfemhw. 
scale) erecting in the above county «t ^b» 
present time. Aborning the town of J^^' 
tofh ground has Jint beoi set apart ftir ecu^ 
which will be one hundred aad fifty *«tr. 
yaxds in length, seventeen yards ia mMltfj^ 
and seven stories in height, with tvo iCiHi|, 
engines of 60 and 90-horse power e ach;^ *? 
It 18 oalcidated that the mamnery n^fAiiM 
for this fiwtoiy will alone coat nouL'9^^^ 
70 thousand pounds. 

Roman Antiquities. — The Roman tea- 
selated pavement lately discovered at Thniz- 
ton near Andover (noticed in page 463), ia 
not far distant from the Roman road, lead- 
ing from Sorbiodunum to Calleva, It beara 
the following inscription : 


We are happy to learn that every possible' 
care is taking by its owner, H. Noyes, esq. 
to preserve it from dilapidation. A male 
and female skeleton, with small coins, have 
been found in digging amongst the old foun** 
dations. And fiirther investigation is mak*-' 


Some Roman and other coins, and a very 
c\irious copper thumb-ring, with a stone 
rudely set in it, on which some figure - \b 
engraved) have been found iu the neighbour* 
hood of Dorchester, by Thomas Walsh, ger- 
dener, of Colliton. 

Some curious remains of antiquitr ht/Hk 
lately been discovered in a field, on toe ea»' 
tate of W. Greenwood, esq. of Brookwoedt 
Wilts. She tesselated pavements have bee» 
already cleared, and further discoveries tat^ 

There is another, and we must Oill it m 
stupendous piece of improvement on tbe 
tapis m Uie neighbourhood of PiymouAt 
viz. a Chain or Suspension Bridce eecpse 
the Tanwr,. f4 Salteeh. A gedUemaii of 
the former town has taken up the thing in 



£ *51 1 ^ 



'«>i: eASiTTB PnoMOTiom, Sccit ll)»r. P. BBowtel^ Be ^p Cohto iriftiluni 

l|wv^Lieut!col. Robert RiJl, toS'lieut.- f*^' ?^ ??I^^P^J!!'';i3^y^ ^?'f^ 

C^oi^tream Guards, Lieut. W. Seneantsoiiy „ ^^TTTk-J^^^^ *«--«/ w. "^ 

t»be Lieutenant andCaptain—Slst Reg.Ft. -J*- " S?;!*^^!;^. IW^ R n— -"^ 

Brevet Major John Murdock Wardrop, to fSr'y ?^ ^Ta ^ • STS" 

feMajor.— Cape Corps, Major Geoige Sack- ^- ^' Swoide, ftL A. Bungay St. Mmfn 

ville Fraser, to be Lieut.-CoL — Cape Corps 
(Infantry), Brevet Major Lord George Len- 
nox to be Major. 

May 27. Adm. Sir R. Bickerton> K.C.B. 
of Upwood-faouse, Himts, to take the sur- 
ntane, and bear the arms of Hussey quarterly 
With those of Bickerton, in compliance witn 
the will of his late maternal uncle^ lieut.- 
Geo. V. W. Hussey. 

Peip. Cur. ) iJso EvealngXiMirti oflbtf 

Rev. £• Thadttfuy* Louth R. Irdoid. 
Rev. Z. S. Wamoy Dofrbgtoa V. Lmip. 
Rev. G. D. WhitohMd, Sdhhy V. LiMMb. 
Rev. |W. Ready Domestic CbUfhrn to 4m 

Duke of Clartnoe. 
Rev. H. H. Mo|g« DomMtle CliifUa * 

the Mai'qnis ofAyleibofy. 



Foot, Brevet Major T. S. NicoUs to ho 
Major. — 59th Ditto, Cojpt. D. Criahom to 
he Major. — 1st West India Reg. Major 
Henry Capadose, to be Major. 

June 13. isth Light Drag. Capt. M« 
Bowers to be Major. 

Ecclesiastical Preferments. 

Hon. and Rev. W. Annesley, Studley V. 

Warwickshire, which has been vacant 

since the reign of Edward VI. 
Rev. Mr. Armistead, Cockeram V. co. Lane. 

the Hon. East In^ Conpuy oft tho 
BoiAhi^ station. 

Rev. J. Foley, A.M. Rector ofHoK^ Wii^'. 

The Rev. John Fenton, to Hold the TW* 

rage of F^nrith with i&e V. of Tor^Hg 

how, Cumberland. ' '* 

Rev. J. BaHsrd, LL.B. to hM l3i« BMJA 

of Woodeaton, withthe PerpMiad CiM^ 

of Cropredy, co. Oxford. 

Civil Preferments. 

Uev. L. Athill, Rumburgh Perp. Cur. with After a sharp contested poll, John Key, B^. 

St. Michael Southelmham, annexed, SufF. elected Alderman of LAngbourn Ward, 

Rev. Frederick Barnes, D. D. (Sub-Dean of vice Eamer, dec. 

Christ Church), Cheriton Bishop R. John Crowder, Esq. the Senior Deputy <jf 


Rev. Wm. Dowker, Hawnby R. co. York. 
Rev. E. A. H. Drummond, D. D. Dalham 

R. Suffolk. 
Rev. Henry Fardell, Bexwell R. Norfolk. 
Rev.Geo.-Lillie-Wodehouse Franquier, Bac- 

ton V. Norfolk. 
Rev. T. Gronow, Kilybebill R. Glamorgan- 
Rev. J. L. Hamilton, Ellesborough R. Bucks. 
Rev. J. B. Jameson, Heywood Perp. Cur. 

Rev. J. Maydwell, Boothby Paguell R. co. 

Rev. Robert Mesham, Ripple R. Kent. 
Rev. Robert Moore, Wimbourne St. Giles 

R. Dorsetshire. 
Rev. E. Postle, Colney R. Norfolk, 

Farringdon Within, unuiimously elecfefl 
Alderman of that extensive Ward, vU^ 
Smith, dec. 

James Heynrood Markland, Esq. F. R. S. of 
the Temple, unanimously chosen IVea- 
surer of the Incorporated Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Fore%i& 
Parts, ince Charles Bicknell, Esq. resigned. 

Rev. IHenry Wheately, M. A. and Semot 
Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, <m 
the Old Foundation, elected Principal of 
St. Edmund Hall. 

Rev. G. Skinner, Fellow of Jesus CoDegV, 
is appointed Conduct of King's College^ 

Rev. J. B. Bunce, Vicar of St. DunttU*i; 
to the Mastership of Eastbridge Hoi^feMf; 

Rev. J.Powell, (Head Master of Monmouth Rev. Thomas Homer, of Trinity Cqlfieafi^ 

Grammar School) Lecturer on Mr. Jones's 

Foundation in that town. 
Rtv„ O. Raymond, Middleton R. Essex, 
ilov. Sv Raymond, Flempton cum Hengrave 
•.■■■ R. Suffolk. 

'■Gext.' Mag. J?//?**, 1823. 


Cambridge, elected Seooad MaMnf' oijf 
Sheffield Grammar Sch«fl. ' ; ' ' * 
Rev. Mr. Beaufleur, M. A. of Ht.' Jottfs 
College, Head Master of the fjM4miltl^ 
mar School of Bury, Liui^p^ft^ ' ' '^ 


I 5«Sh ] 



'. 3 


ir'rv.l f 

'•J »**• 


I'm- a 

Marquis of Salisbury* 
«f«M0 13. At his seat at Theobalds, 
near Hatfield, Herts, in the 75tb year 
ci#'hi8 age, the Most Noble James Cecily 
Marquis and Earl of Salisbary, in the 
diMinty of Wilts; Viscount Cranbourn, 
in the county of Dorset ; and Baron 
. Oefl of Esfiingdon, in the county of 

This higbly-respected and venerable 
Nobleman was lineaHy descended from 
thm illustrious statesman, William Cecil, 
Itord High Treasurer of England, wbo, 
for bis eminent services, was created 
hf patent Baron of Burleigb, Feb. 25, ' 
1570-1; an honour not then made cheap 
by prostitution, or ever bestowed with- 
out uncommon merit. The youngest' 
son of this able and upright minister, 
Robert Cecil, was on the 4th of May, 
1^05 (the very day on which his elder 
brother Thomas was advanced to the 
Earldom of Exeter), created Earl of 
Salisbury, and with precedence above 
Mm, which is said to have occasioned, 
for some time, great heart-burnings be- 
tween the bro tilers. 
. Tbrough a long line of illustrious an- 
cestors descended the late Marquis, who 
was born on the 4th Sept. 1748, being* 
the only son of James, the 6tb Earl of 
Salisbury, by Elizabeth, the eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr. Edwaid Keet, of the city of 
Canterbury. In 1774, be was elected a 
Burgess in Parliament for the borough 
of Bedwin. On March I, 177 1» and 
during the life of bis father, he was 
constituted Lord Lieutenant and Custos 
Rotulorum of the county of Hert- 
ford, and was sworn of his Majesty's 
most Honourable Privy Council. On 
March 13, 1773, he was appointed to 
the command of the Hertfordshire Regi- 
ment of Militia ; and on July the 7th 
following, was created D. C. L. by the 
University of Oxford. On the 2d Dec. 
in the same year, be married Lady Emily 
Mary, the second daughter of Wills, 
first Marquis of Downshire, by whom 
be had issue Lady Georgiana Charlotte 
Augusta, burn March 20, 1786 ; Lady 
Emily, born July 13, 1789, and who 
married George-Thomas- John, Earl of 
Westmeath ; and James Mordaunt Wil- 
liam, born April 17, 1791, who on Feb. 
fi, 1891, married Frances Mary, the only 
daughter and sole heiress of Bamber 
Gascoyne, Esq. and niece to Isaac Gas- 
coyne, Esq. of Roby Hall, Lancashire, a 
General in the Army, and M. P. for the 

■ -i :*■ »Jij ^.T^i; !>..i.ii; ' -e' li) dJl 

MwA of Liiver^^(MHL HM-LtflpdilHp ^iMh 
ceeded his father in his hiMioMSte0«t<viit 
1780, and ota DM. 90, f78S; %i# ip* 
pointed Lord Cbamberiain of bit Iw ' 
Jesty's Household, which bonotthAlt^M ' 
distinguished station he retaintd 118 
1804. On Aug. 18, 1789, be >v^'4d*' 
vanced to the title of Marquis of 8«Hl* 
bury ; and on the 14tb of Jane, 1793; 
was elected a Ktiigbt CoiD)[>anion*of 'tbp - 
most noble Order of the Garter. ' 0k 
June 13, 1800} the Volonteenf of /tW 
county of Herts, to the amount of 1500b 
were reviewed in bit Lordtb1p*8 ffiMc liC ' 
Hatfield by hit Majetty, who wag jm»' 
companled by the Queen, the 'ftbyift 
Family, many of the great offieers ol 
State, and of tbc^tfnclpal nobUlty aii^ - 
gentry of the county. After the Review ' 
was ended, the whole company were 
sumptuously entertained by the Marqnii. 
The following waa the return of the pi^ - 
visions provided on the deeaskm: i9 ' 
hams and as maiiy rounds of be«f»-10f' 
joints of veal, 100 legs of -Ibmbi, -i09 
tongqes, 100 meat pies; 85 edge4MMi* 
of beef, 95 romps of beef so«jte^;Hi9 
Joints of mutton, 95 brisketti 71 iiiMi' 
of other roast beef, 100 gooMberry |ii«n ' 
besides very sumptuous covers at the' 
tables of the King, the Cabinet Minis- 
ters, &c. For the country people there 
were dressed at the Salisbury arms, three 
bullocks, 16 sheep, and 25 lambs, llie 
expence was estimated at upwards of 
3000/. In 1816, his Lordship waa' ap- 
pointed Joint Post- Master-General. Hit 
was also High Steward of the Borough 
of Hertford ; F.R. S. and F. A. S. At the 
Coronation of bis present Majesty, the 
Marquis had the honour of carrying the 
Staff of St. Edward. 

The high and deserved estimation in 
which his Lordship was universally heM, 
will occasion his death to be lamented 
as a public loss in the extensive circle 
of his acquaintance. In every relation 
of life, he was most exemplstry; and M 
a husband and father, and master and 
friend, be was truly estimable. But it 
was in private that bis character sboMe 
with the brightest lustre. Amiable in 
his manners, and condescending Id Ma 
behaviour, he was beloved and respected 
by all who knew him ; to his bnittanlty 
the distressed never appealed in vaiil^ 
and to his kind and affectionate attAitkMM 
many have been indebted for contolatSen 
and support. Various inttaocet (If bis 
benevolence are recogdcd|Wbieh f i ^o pd 


0&iTUATir,'^{jen^.R. illaniMtribP-HCoi.<-namlaii* 

dissipated the darkneis wbicb k^ 
iturJes bad covered the Inquisition'; 
pe disclosed to the public eye the 
deformity of that horrid tribunal. . 
^^JQTben the overwhelming power of 
\cfif iu its first rush, bad placed the 
;ber of Napoleon on the throne of 
iiDy Llorente was invited into its ser- 
f .y^fit by the sagacity of the new Govern- 
,. M^Hit; and, conceiving at once that the 
^ .rannc of his country was hopeless, and 
^ tliat his sphere of usefulness would be 
, -cdUlarged by bis accession to office, he 
.mf^spepted of the station which was offered 
tf>. him. To this station, however, he 
. .e^rried a Spanish heart ; and many a 
, .Spaniard was he enabled to save from 
• t£e revenge or the jealousy of the alien 
. iifurpation. But his submission to the 
, French sceptre, bow justifiable or even 
.praiseworthy soever might l^ve been its 
motives, was fatal to his fortune. By 
.h1fi^ rightful Sovereign, as might be ex- 
; pec/ted, he was branded as a traitor; 
: #pd, the sentence of the Monarch being 
. ajfirmed by the stern patriotism of the 
Cortes, he was despoiled of his entire 
, property, and was driven to linger out 
his days in beggary and exile. France 
was bis place of refuge ; but when, in 
. subserviency to Papal vengeance, he bad 
. I;»een ordered, by the Ruling Powers there, 
. into the second exile, he once again flew 
to his regenerated Spain : to his own dear 
: land, which he was destined to reach but 
not to enjoy ; for there, induced by the 
toils of his long, hazardous, and impeded 
travel. Death speedily overtook him, 
. and terminated for ever the malignity 

of his fate. 

General Robert Manners. 
Juned* At bis house, in Curzon-street, 
May Fair, General Robert Manners, of 
Bloxholm, CO. Lincoln. He was the 
eldest son of Lord Robert Manners, half 
brother of John 3d Duke of Rutland, 
and several years M. P. for Kingston- 
upon-Hull ; was born Jan. 2, 1758, en- 
tered early into the 3d regiment of Dra- 
goon Guards, then commanded by his 
father ; on the 3d Oct. 1779, exchanged 
to the 86th ; and afterwards obtaining a 
company in the 3d Foot Guards, served 
with it in the campaign of 1794, under 
his Royal Highness the Duke of York, 
and as Major General under the same 
illustrious commander, during the ope- 
rations in Holland, where he was severely 
wounded. He obtained the Colonelcy 
of the 30th reg. of Foot, Nov. 7, 1799, 
which he continued to bold to the 
period of bis decease. 

For many years he was one of the 
Equerries to his late Majesty, and on 
the death of General Philip Goldswortby, 
succeeded him as Clerk Martial and 

person and tttite of our laic beiovwl Jlo- 
narch for between tbirtgr mod foiy 7Mn» 
from whom and from whoa« laniilgr |m* ' 
ever experienced strong and gratHyhiir 
demonstrations of individoal friendabip 
and regard. 

General Manners was elected Bi.P« £;» 
Bedwin, co. Wilts, in 1784, wbleb he 
represented until the year 1790, hannf 
for his colleague his first eousin the 
present Duke of Montrose, then Marquie 
Graham ; in the latter year, after an uo- 
suceessful contest for Northampton^ 
upon Francis Diekins, JSsq. who had 
been chosen for Cambridge, making bis 
election for the county of Northampton^ 
he succeeded him upon the Rutland in- 
terest at the former place, and remained 
in every Parliament until 1830, when he 
retired altogether from the House off 
Commons, in which, like the other 
members of bis bouse, he had given an 
undeviating support to the measures 
and policy of Mr. Pitt, and afterwards 
to those of the existing Administration. 

Col. Thornton, 

Latelsf. At Paris^ Col. Thomas Tbom* 
ton, formerly Lieut.*Colonel of the West 
York Militia; Prince de Chambord» and 
Marquis de Pont; the first sportsmen 
of bis day in point of science, and one of 
the most convivial companions of the 
festive board that ever drained a bowl to 
Bacchus. During the latter years of his 
life he resided entirely at Paris, where 
he established a weekly dinner party, 
under the name of << The Falconer's 
Club." For some months bis health 
was visibly on the decline, yet he would 
lie in bed all day, rise at five to go the 
club, sing the best songs and tell the 
best stories of any of the members. 

He was the son of a very respectable 
gentleman, who, in the rebellion of 
1745, raised a company of volunteers in 
the defence of Government, and com- 
. manded them himself. Being afterwards 
introduced with his lady, who was re- 
markable for her beauty, to George the 
Second, the monarch paid him many 
compliments for his spirit and loyalty, 
adding these words : " But till I saw 
this lady 1 knew not the real value of 
your services." The Colonel was bom 
in London, and educated at the Charter- 
bouse school, after which he was sent to 
the University of Glasgow. On coming 
into the possession of his estate of 
Thornville Royal, he distinguished •him- 
self as a keen sportsman, and among 
other peculiarities he revived falconry 
on a very extended scale. When the 
peace of Amiens took place he went to 
France for the purpose of examining the 


- 1^.1 0BtTUAiY.-sb-r.c^MpMj;^,&^..a?«MiiK^. HV 

'■ ^i .. Sis \\ki CjtNrMLL. 

• < ifbtvAW. A|M e9, Slrlli^ t»mp' 
ImIU D. C. L. Bart, of Si'Month, en. 
OlMnlMriaB. HawMeldeit lonof Anhi- 
IhU CuBpbell, Bv]^ of Siiccoatb, by 
Hi] in Walliu-e, belreu ar Ellcnlie i wM 
liMTi hwf. SJ, 1734. He WM bred to 
4h« SoMiiib Bar, and admitted a jan^ 
bar of the facultj uf Ad*ociitM in 1757 1 

WM nade Sulicilur General In lieSi I 

L.nnl AdTonte In I7S4; and wM loon < 

alter ehoirn nember fir the QlMgow larM H wdl u Hen ( M tbe orMMt 

dtatrict or Bur^ba, which he continued and future latemti of XXr^t Sntftllt." 

tv repreient in Ptrliament, taking en 180$, Btd. ; " A PUId Sjieedt to tH 

aetire ihare in all the ImpoKant tmnt- Imperial ParllaoMnt of Okm Britain^' 

MitiMU of tbe time, until he was railed ISOT. Ivo. ; " Meani ade(|DMe to iha 

Cb tbe chair of Pretident of (he Court prefent Cririt," I80T. BM. i •• T)w IMt- 

•r Seiaion in 17B9. In 1T94, be wai cuTerr of tbe tine and natnral En of 

ylaoBd at the head of the Commiision of Uanklnd," I BOTi B«x ; "TIm Nalioul 

Ojref and Tenntner, iuued at that dia ImprorrawTit of tbe Brittib Enplkv, or 

tartied period lit Ibe tiitl of iboM no an Attempt to lectl^ Pdblte ABdn," 

euMd of high treaion in Scotland. Ha 180B, 3 Tolk Bro. 

•Mitinned to hold the aitoiition of Pretl- " Hii publicaiianiMnjrtaoKOf tUo- 

4*nt of tbe Court of ScHioti for upward* nir; tlwor^ , than MNiad MHOidnf. Ila 

«< 19 yean, and reiicned hit bicb office advertiied htmeelf n • tba AtiAor ol 

in Autumn 1808. But the facultie* of tbe Ineone or ft apet lj Taa,' which wty 

Wt mind remaining entire, he wai af- few wouM eontlder aji an euritUe dit- 

tarward) ehoeen to pratide over the two tlnci Ion, —IiMnwy Cidtaimr. 
diffurenl cummitiions for inquiring Into ' ■ " - 

Uk atate of the Court* of Law Id Scot- '«■« KfVn, E*9. 

land. •'■M* I. In the Naw Kent Roa^ h 

. He wu married to Suaan-Mary, hn TStfa jiar, John Kenpe, Eiq.— Mr. 

4aiich(er of Archibald Murray, uf Grin- Kaotpe waa ibi At lon( period of AAr 

Sit;, Eaq. one u( the CoDimi^iionert of T*i%, Bullh>n Farter tft bti Mii)MrM 

liDhurgh, by whom he bad alx daugb- Hint, an offlea of conilderable tru« Jnl 

(era, lire ol uhom are married, and one retpoixibllity ; Iti dutie* conilited In 

ion Archibald, one of tbe Scultish Lord* taltinf; charge uf the Bullion received 

of Sessiun, who succeeds bim. ititii the Mint far coinn^, and re-iituing 

the same to the Importers when coined. 

Georgk Edwards, Esq. Many miltiona, Iti thii way, paiied 

Fth.M. In London, in the 73J ye;ir through Mr. Kempe'i baiidi. To the 

of his age, after a ahurt illness, (Jeorg^ Rdelliy and wurtb with wbieb be cie> 

Edmardt, E!q. Duetur of Medicine, of culed tbla charge, the bigheat teatimoar 

Barnard Ciutlc, co. Durham, aiiil late of haa been home hy the Right Hon. LoN 

Suffolk-street, Charing Cross, Weatmin- Maiyborough, the Maatcr and Worker 

■ti-r ; R gcnlleman of literary talcnia, of the Mint, iu bis lati^ recommeniJatioii 

and the author of the following poll- of Mr. Kempe, to tb« Treasury, for 

tical works: >uperannuBtlon,a>alsobybii reapectable 

•■ The Aggrandisement and National deputy, J. W. Morriion, Eaq. in a letter 

Perfection of Great Britain," ITBT, 3 of condolence to Mr. Kemps'i ion. Al 

*oU. 4to. i " The Royal and Cunalitu- a father, a friend, and ■ truly boneK 

tiunal Rtgeneration uf Great Britain," man, Mr. Kempe hat left a chasm In 

1790, 2 vul4. 4tu. I "The practical the circle uf hii family, his eonnexioni, 

Henni uf effectually exunaratiiig the and hit neighbour*, whieb can never be 

public Burlhenfl, of paying the National supplied. 

Debt, and uf raising the Supplies of Rirthtr far^cttXari ^ Mr. Ktftife ami 

War witbunt new Taxes," 1790. 4io.; itif Himt^, fa mr 5iv7>IeMeW. 

" The great and important Diicovcry of 

the IBih Centurv, and the means of EnwaKD Cuaivniiif, Eig. M.A, 

setting rii;hi the Naiional Affairs," II9I, Jlfarat 99. At bis lodge, in Downlag 

arii.i "The Descriptions and Charac- College, EilwBnlCbristian,E*q.arGMy'i 

ters of tbe different Diseases of the Hu- Inn, Barrister- at- l«w. Chief JuMiea af 

man Body; beine the (int Tolume of the Isle uf Ely, Downing Prufeiior'uftlM 

ttw Franktiiiian Improvement of Medi- Lawi of England, in tbe Untvar*!^ uf 

cine," lT9l.4to. ; '■ EtTeciual Meant of Cambridge, Pntfeiior of Oen««l fiMtj. 

Cent. Mac. ^Hnr, \iti. mA 


0BlxqA«ff.*r^2(n|y^^ „hO 

^M.q^lUd to the Bar^ June lU' 17,83|| 
kiia went the Narihem circuit ; he Wat 
In respectable practice there fur many 
imrs, aikd from the good opinion the 
jQl'dges Aud bis brethren oh the circuit 
of. his great integrity and profes- 

jnal talents, was frequently selected at 
l^e Assizefi as an arbitrator, for which 
^. was eminently qualified. He mar> 
rted iEUizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Ijlildcinany of Old Swinford, C6. Worces* 
^r, Esq. who survives him. 

Mr. Lambe retired from practice in 
||ilO, and resided at Tilgate House, co. 
Sussex, visiting London only during 
term. The writer of this was much be- 
nefited by Mr. Lambe's kind and disin- 
terested superintendance of his studies 
Mil early life. 

Col. Henry Barry. 
Nw» % At his lodgings in Bath, in 
bis 73d year, Col. Henry Barry ; a gen- 
tleman well known and equally valued 
among the higher, scientific, and literary 
mrdes of that city. He was Lord Raw- 
don's (the present Marquess of Hastings) 
aid-de-camp and private secretary in 
America, and penned some of the best 
fvritten dispatches which were ever 
"transmitted from any army on service to 
the British Cabinet. Additional reputa- 
"^iOu as an officer was reflected on him his service in India; on his return 
from whence, before the commencement 
of ihe war with France, he retired from 
the army. 

William Roberts, Esq. 
Jan. 25. After a few days illness, 
aged 36, William Roberts, Esq. Com- 
mander in His Majesty's Navy, several 
years Flag Lieutenant to Admiral Sir 
George Cock burn, and Commander of 
the Garrison at the Island of Ascension 
on its first occupation by the British 
Forces. His loss will be irreparably felt 
by his widow and three children, and 
his premature death deeply lamented 
by those who served with him ; the 
amenity of his manners and the good- 
ness of his disposition having gained 
him the sincere esteem and affection of 
all who enjoyed the pleasure of his ac* 

George Watmough, Esq. 
Feb, 15. At his father's bouse, at 
Warrington, Lancashire, aged 25, Geo. 
Watmough, Esq. of the Middle Tem- 
ple, Barrister-at-Law. This valuable 
young man fell a sacrifice to the ardour 
.qi^.his mind, in the study of his profes- 
sipn. Ue was called to the Bar by the 
Society of the Middle Temple, in. Hilary 

M^« he has le^ behind bin €|fiiifi«|«F 
dustiy and talents. 

Mrs. Taylor.